Article Archives: Articles - Franklin County (MA) News Archive
Revised list of topics
Revised list of topics
Revised Jan. 10, 2009
Welcome to the list of topics. You can call them subject headings or tags - they offer you another method of searching the Franklin County Publication Archive site. Interested in accident victims in Athol? Click on the tag below for Accident Victims and find a list of articles dating from Jan. 1, 1870 to August , 1875. Once on the page of articles, then use your Find command to pull up all articles mentioning Athol.
The search engine is being revamped by the wonderful and highly overworked Mik Muller. Once it is completed, you will be able to search for multiple subjects or terms by simply dividing terms with a comma in the search box. Example: Jones, Deerfield, Births That should give you a nice listing of all Joneses born in Deerfield during the time period mentioned above. Another way to search it will be to choose the terms Deerfield and Births from the drop down box and add Jones to the search box. Voila!
ACCIDENT VICTIMS Here reside the fatalities, not the regular every day deaths. Industrial accidents, drownings, death by fire, train, loose circus animals, accidental shootings, and freak accidents.
ACCIDENTS Much more run of the mill stuff here, and not even fatal, at least in most cases. Many of these articles concern runaway horses, falls and narrow escapes. ADVERTISING One of my favorite sections. Classified ads are also included here. AFRICAN AMERICANS / BLACKS Everything is covered here. Articles deal with slavery, racism, lynchings, and the like, but it is noteworthy to see that many articles are not racist in content.
AMUSEMENTSis kind of a catch-all, but primarily concerns fun stuff done for amusement - picnics, parades, croquet games, tableaux, taffy pulling, sleigh rides, masquerade parties, sociables, shadow pantomimes - you get the idea.
ANIMALS / REPTILES From the barnyard to the circus, to the hunted, to cats and dogs. Horses have their own category. I regret now that I did not create a subject heading for cruelty to animals, but those articles are also included here.
ARABS Exotic stuff here. Turkey, Palestine, harems, whirling dervishes, reflecting the fascination for the Middle East and all its customs and traditions in the 1870s. ARCHAEOLOGY is a mixed bag of accidental findings - like the dinosaur footprints in the Connecticut River bed in Turners Falls, to old burial sites of Native Americans [which were treated with appalling lack of respect]. "Humbugs" like the Cardiff giant are also included here, as well as accidental finding of treasure.
ASTRONOMY Rare astronomical events, aurora borealis, miracles, meteors, solar eclipses - and the more mundane, references to the sun, moon, stars, planets, etc.
ATHOL, MA BARBER / HAIR includes not only the establishment itself, but also all references to hair, wigs, bald heads, medicine to grow hair, hair dyes, etc. BARS (DRINKING ESTABLISHMENTS) Pretty much portrayed as den of iniquities. The Gazette & Courier is very much pro temperance.
BIRDS All kinds of birds, many articles related to hunting. Hen stories abound as well, with some hens laying eggs that are 8 inches wide! [I pity the poor bird]. BIRTH CONTROL A really sad section, since birth control in this time period only relates to mothers killing their newborns, to botched illegal abortions, etc. BIRTHS Are prolific. Many names, usually only of the proud father, are repeated each year. Of course the matching obituaries contain many of these infants as well. All cases of multiple births worldwide are listed.
CHILDREN - They’re everywhere of course - families are huge, 15 children being a normal size. But the youth culture has not taken hold - one mostly hears about children having accidents or dying, or around Christmas time, or in school.
CONNECTICUT RIVER - The important one. All others are in one section entitled RIVERS.
CONSERVATION OF NATURAL RESOURCES - Hasn’t dawned on them too much, even though they are familiar with Thoreau’s work. CONTESTS Base ball games (we call ’em baseball) becoming popular. Bets and wagers always a part of our society. We’ve got walking contests, horse races, tobacco stripping contests, girls splitting hard wood slabs, which hen can lay the biggest egg, who can grow the tallest corn stalk, etc.
COURTS One of the largest sections. Look here for all criminal activity. COURTSHIP - The path of true love did not run smoothly, even in the old days. Poems and stories abound, even personal ads (very high-toned ones, of course). Murders and scandals are not uncommon, as well. CRIME - Ah crime! There’s some of everything here, some of it salacious, much of it fines for drunkenness. CRIMINALS - Not everyone who commits a crime is a criminal. I reserved this area for people like serial poisoners, bank robbers, desperados, outlaws [like Red-Handed Dick and Henry Berry Lowery].
CULTS - Oh yes, they existed back then, and were just as troublesome. Read about Adventists, proponents of Free Loveism, Millerism, the Shakers, the Christian Israelites, the Nazarites, and the Howling Dervishes [Hmm, great name for a rock band]. CURIOSITIES AND WONDERS is a great catchall section, and one of my favorites [of course]. Here you will read about human and animal abnormalities - a youth with three legs and four feet, a lizard living in a man’s stomach, a three horned and three eyed ox, a living skeleton, a four legged chicken - well, you get the idea ;-). CUTLERY AND CUTLERY TRADE - Very important to Greenfield and Turners Falls history.
DANCE - Many kinds of dancing available for the young and the old. From Balls to Belly Dancers.
DEERFIELD, MA DISASTERS- We always have them. However, they don’t have the immediacy that they do nowadays in today’s news. Read about the great Chicago fire of 1871, the great Boston fire of 1872, shipwrecks, earthquakes, floods and explosions.
DISEASES - We’ve got a million of ’em. DIVORCE - the Court makes you jump through hoops, wait years, etc., but divorces do happen.
DREAMS AND SLEEP - Sleep and sleep disorders also included here. DRUG ABUSE - From sulphuric ether, to tobacco, chloral, opium and laudanum.
EXPLORERS - A great time period for exploration. We have Dr. Livingston, Arctic explorers, and more.
EYE - Blindness, accidents, eyeglasses, sore eyes, etc.
FAIRS - held bout once a week - the favorite moneymaker of the women’s church groups. Then there’s the County Fairs, which are covered as thoroughly as possible.
FAMILY - Family reunions, loving families, insane families, incest, and more. Very useful for genealogists.
FARMERS AND FARMING - A hot topic in the 19th century. Also covers tobacco and fertilizers. FASHION - A fun section. Sunbonnets, French kid gloves, waterproof dress goods, garters, corsets, wigs, demi-trains, false insteps, shawls, plaid poplins, striped stockings, chignons, Chinese grass cloth, kilting, etc.
FIRES - There are so many, and so few ways to put them out, that it’s a wonder that any buildings survived the 19th century at all. I had to be very exclusive, and only cover those fires of local and international interest.
FISHES AND FISHING - You can get a barrel of oysters delivered right to your door, andthey are "the" Sunday breakfast.
FOOD - For the gourmet and the every day eater. This section is large and all inclusive. Includes some recipes and all restaurant ads.
FREEMASONRY - A group deserving of their own section. FRENCH - Many influences here, from the Mansard or "French" roofs, stationary, corsets, pottery, jewelry, the Franco-Prussian War, etc. FURNITURE - Wooden items, [and what wood! Black walnut, solid ash, walnut, chestnut] beds and sofas [occasionally covered with haircloth], and some interesting articles about Gardner, Mass., the "chair capital of the world".
GAMBLING - One of the oldest vices. Chinese gambling houses, dog-pits, bets, every day chance taking.
GANGS - Not the Bloods and the Crips, but the homegrown Tough End boys, roughs and rowdies, brigands and juvenile delinquents.
GARBAGE - Remember that this is pre-plastic (in most respects) and that the necessity for community trash dumps is not an issue yet. Most, or all farmers, keep an iron and glass scrap heap somewhere in the back forty - a practice which still occurs today. Some articles do concern garbage - rubbish littering the streets, a city without sewers, ash barrels, etc.
GAYS - ah, this is a tough but rewarding section, where I’ve had to "read between the lines" quite a bit. Included here are men who dressed as women, and women who dressed as men [with the understanding that, especially in women’s cases, this could have been done for economic and other reasons]. Famous figures like Oscar Wilde, Susan B. Anthony and Anna Dickinson are the meat and potatoes of this section. GEOGRAPHY - one of the more recent additions, includes topographical surveys, maps, tourist type articles, etc.
GERMANS - Nice to see this ethnic group portrayed in such a positive light. Local Germans are hard working, athletic, happy, beer drinkers who do not get drunk, like to compete in gymnastic contests, love to dance, etc.
GLASS - a particular favorite of mine, since I dig for, and collect old glass embossed bottles. Bottles, window glass, demi-johns, looking glasses, etc. As time allows, I will scan in some of my "dug" antique bottles for your viewing pleasure. GOVERNMENT - usually Presidents, Congress, and taxes, new states and territories. Many other government related articles will be found under POLITICS.
GYPSIES - always a few passing through, telling fortunes, trading horses, stealing chickens, and kidnapping local children.
HAMPSHIRE & HAMPDEN COUNTIES (MA) A catch all section for all those towns not privileged to be in Franklin County, and yet covered fairly thoroughly here. So look for articles on Amherst, Northampton, and the Massachusetts Agricultural College (the earlier name of the University of Massachusetts).
HANDICAPPED - the blind, the deaf, the lame, the insane - all find a home here. Cork legs, poor houses and alms-houses, deformed infants, hunchbacks, etc. HAWLEY (MA)
HERITAGE ACTIVITIES - will come into their own a little later. For now, centennial celebrations are included here.
HISPANICS - another catchall heading. Latin American activities, as well as Spanish Peninsular items. This subject heading will probably be combined with LATIN AMERICA eventually.
HISTORY - well, it’s all history to us, right? But included here are items which were of historic interest to the inhabitants of the 1870’s - the early days of Greenfield, Deerfield, and Montague; the founding of historical organizations, like the Pocumtuck Valley Memorial Association, and genealogical family histories.
HOLIDAYS - not much different from today’s celebrations. Of course the 4th of July was a maelstrom of fireworks and severed limbs, and Christmas advertising did not occur untilthe two issues before Dec. 25th. Sabbath Schools all had their holiday celebrations, complete with Christmas trees and a song fest, and Valentine’s Day had already started its decline into ignorant and joke cards. Washington’s birthday, All Fool’s Day, May Day, Thanksgiving, New Year’s Day, and Memorial Day are all represented. No sign of Halloween yet. HOOSAC TUNNEL (MA) is rapidly nearing completion. Read about the 19th century version of the "Big Dig". HORSES - I find this section absolutely fascinating. The vital importance of horses for all transportation needs is clearly shown, especially during the "Horse Disease"(Epizootic) of 1872. You either rassled up an oxen or goat, or you walked - in those places not accessible by train, of course.
HOTELS - There’s not that many of them, but they know how to do it up in style, and are a vital part of the town’s culture. This is the era when enormous resort hotels are springing up, and the concept of vacations are taking hold in the middle and upper classes. HOUSEHOLDS is a broad subject; I mainly went by the rule of thumb of what occurred inside a dwelling. Houses were the domain of women, and so items made specifically for women, like sewing machines, find a home here. Hints on cookery and thrift, as well as kitchen appliances also find a home here ;-). Ah yes, the world of washing, ironing, canning, and child rearing.
HUNGARIANS - Why the Hungarians, you say? Well, this is one of those personal interest type headings, since I am half Hungarian.
ICE - a big business, back in the days of pre-refrigeration. Ice was "harvested" from local lakes, and kept cool in warehouses, to be sold in blocks throughout the warm months. Also included here are frozen over rivers and ponds, ice skating, and ice used for drinks and preserving food.
To search for a particular subject term, click on the highlighted link containing that term at the bottom of the article. For example, if you are seeking more articles about animals, click on the highlighted link which says Animals/Reptiles/Amphibians.
Gazette & Courier - Monday, April 12, 1875
Hampshire County items
S.W. Lee, the veteran tinner of Northampton, thinks there is no necessity for any Trask missionary where he is. After using tobacco for 70 years, on his 81st birthday he dropped the weed, and for a year and a half has not touched it, and, what is more, has no inclination to do so.
Gazette & Courier - Monday, April 5, 1875
Hampshire County items
The Messrs. Warner of Hatfield have recently brought suit against Mayers & Son, the well known tobacco firm of New York, which will be of interest to all tobacco dealers. Mayers & Son bought the whole 1874 crop of the Warners before it was cured, agreeing to pay 26 cents a pound. Now when it is cured and offered them, they refuse to receive it and as tobacco has gone down so that the difference between the prices of then and now amounts to some thousands of dollars on the crop, it is a matter of some moment whether they are obliged to take it at the price named. The suits will be entered at the June terms.
Gazette & Courier - Monday, October 12, 1874
The Athol fair
The Athol fair - The 8th annual exhibition of the Worcester North West Agricultural and Mechanical Society was held at Athol last week, commencing on Tues. The good attendance and the fullness of the exhibit in every dept. was proof sufficient that the interest in the society is unabated. The Fair grounds presented a lively, busy scene, everybody making the most of their annual festival, and smiling faces greeted the eye, while the voice of the showman and peanut vendor mingled with the bleating of sheep, the squealing of pigs, and the crowing of chanticleers. The show of stock was quite up to that of former years, with a larger no. of blooded animals than has been before exhibited. Among the owners of thoroughbreds Rev. J.W. Mowry of Barre, who makes a specialty of the golden buttered Jerseys. He had 9 head, the best of their kind. E.H. Paige of Hardwick had a herd of 14 short horns, and there were a few other thoroughbreds of the same breed, belonging to other parties, including the "Second Earl of Conway", the property of C.K. Wilder of Phillipston, a magnificent bull of 2040 lbs. from the celebrated herd of Charles Parsons Jr. of Conway. The biggest [i.e. biggest] thing in the way of a bull calf belonged to George Carpenter of Orange. This fellow is only 6 months old, and has attained the enormous weight of 700 lbs. The heaviest yoke of oxen on the ground were the property of Reuben Vose of Winchendon, and weighed 4000 lbs...There were some big things too in the line of hogs. One, a Black Essex, the property of Oliver Wellington of Phillipston, was a perfect mountain of pork, said to weigh 625 lbs. And there was, by the way, a very creditable exhibition of swine. The Black Essex is the favorite breed, and said to make excellent pork, and are certainly comely to look upon, if one has an eye to hog flesh. The exhibition of sheep was limited, but this efficiency was more than made up in the poultry dept., which was the best exhibition of fowls we have ever seen at a country fair. There were 46 coops in all, and nothing but fine birds included. Buff and Partridge cochins, leghorns and Hamburgs were the favorite. Ducks, turkeys and geese were not lacking to complete the display. Tues. morning's programme included a Plowing Match, the exhibition of Town Teams, Draft Horses, Working Oxen and Steers. In this last class, Eddie J. Miller of Phillipston attracted a great deal of attention with his wonderful control of a yoke of two year olds. He made them execute all manner of manoeuvres - lay down, get up, go in this direction and then that, just as his sweet will directed. This boy, who is only 15, is the champion trainer, and older drivers of cattle could learn many things from him. About half past 12 the Athol Cornet Band, in attendance throughout the Fair, headed a procession that marched from the grand stand to the exhibition building, where in the upper hall, the society Dinner was served by J.R. Pierce of Athol. Mr. Pierce proves himself a caterer that knows his business, for seldom is a dinner at an occasion of this kind furnished with as good satisfaction to all concerned. Courtlon Sanderson of Phillipston, the President of the Society, called upon Rev. J. Peterson of Athol to ask Divine Blessing; and after the collation had been well partaken of, made a few congratulatory remarks upon the success of the exhibition, and then introduced Senator William B. Washburn of Greenfield. This was his first visit to the fair, though he was once familiar with every one of this neighborhood, as his wife was a native of the town, and his own birthplace was almost within sight, but he had noticed as he rode through the village a great many changes and marks of improvement. This growth and prosperity is owing to no advantage of the soil, but to the thrift and enterprise of the people. The speaker then alluded to the benefits that were derived from these fairs, which should include the products of the manufacturers as well as those of the soil, and chief among them were the social advantages they afforded, the recreation and relief from the dull routine of daily life. He told how agriculture maintained our armies during the war as no army had been fed before, while at the same time we were exporting our agricultural products for the food of other nations. Farmers frequently complained at the high price of labor and their other expenses, but they should take into account the other side of the sheet, the great advance in prices of everything they produced, and the labor saving machinery. He then showed that the way to success was thoroughness, a devotion to a special branch of farming, and illustrated his remarks by telling of a man who got a higher price for his pears than anyone else by giving a better article, and a man in Worcester, who received two cents a quart more for milk, because he kept cows which produced the best. Hon. William B. Spooner of Petersham was next introduced, and made the Hoosac Tunnel question the main subject of his remarks. He does not believe in turning over the enterprise to any corporation. The Western road is now a monopoly, carrying freights at a high tariff. The Hoosac Tunnel line, if operated by an individual corporation, would combine with the Western Road and high rates would be still kept up. He believed it should be managed by the State in the interests of the people, and that it should try to see how much business it could do and at how low a rate. Rev. Mr. Peterson of Athol then read an original poem which was well received, and was followed with brief remarks by E.P. Root of Barre, a substitute for the visiting member of the State Board. The afternoon programme commenced with a boat race on the pond which joins the Fair grounds. Then followed an amusing Sack Race, an exhibition of matched carriage horses, stallions and family single horses...The driving and management of horses by ladies brought 9 fair competitors - Mrs. B.W. Marshall, Mrs. Henry Southard, Mrs. E. Hastings of Athol, Mrs. Simpson Bates, Mrs. Franklin Babbitt, Miss Melena Paquin of Barre, Mrs. E. French of Orange, Mrs. A.P. Bryant of Templeton, and Miss Jennie Twitchell of South Framingham. The driving was very fine indeed, the ladies handling the reins in the little trial of speed with becoming grace and skill. Miss Paquin of Barre is a young lady of 14, and though the committee saw fit to award the premiums to other competitors, her quiet self possession and perfect training in the management of her horse were the source of no little admiration. Next came ladies' horsemanship in the saddle; Mrs. E. Hastings and Miss Paquin had this class to themselves, rode once around the track at full speed, and the former took the first premium and the latter the second. The next class was a trial of horses that had not previously trotted for a purse. The entries were numerous, and there was some close, warm work. A trot of 3 year old colts finished the programme of the day. The Hall Exhibition was the best by far yet made by the society, particularly in the display of apples and other fruit. There were 510 plates of apples, nearly twice the number of any previous exhibition. Emory Bates of Phillipston was the leading contributor with 58 varieties. N.S. Johnson of North Orange came next, with 56 varieties, much of it being very fine, and included a single apple weighing 20 ounces. S. Fairbanks of Templeton had 40 varieties. Mrs. A.B. Fry of Athol, and Mrs. N.K. Lovewell of Phillipston, also added to this tempting department, Of grapes 18 varieties were contributed by Otis P. Davenport of Athol, while luscious plates of this fruit were grown by Mrs. Fry and J.W. Andrews of Orange. Mr. Andrews made a good display of pears, as did also http://www.frcog.org/amp04.PDF Willard Newton and Samuel Stevens of Athol. There were a few fine specimens of peaches. The ladies were distributed so generously in the department of fancy articles, and did their full share in making the Fair an attractive success. More beautiful specimens of handiwork and feminine skill and ingenuity are seldom seen. The merchants and mechanics of Athol and neighboring towns have the deepest interest in the exhibition, and there are few societies in Western Massachusetts that bring out a greater number of skillful artisans, and which attest the enterprise and thrift of this bustling, industrious community. But the "hoss trot" is the pet institution of the Athol fair, and notwithstanding the cloudy curtain that "Old Prob" hung out Wed. morning, it was a gala day, and none of the good people allowed the doubtful weather to keep them back from the anticipated sport. The exercises commenced at 9 o'clock, with a trot of matched horses, for a purse of $30. The entries were by William Jerome of Ware, "Wonder and Mate", and F.M. Dodge of Palmer, "Prince John and Mate", and the latter won the race; lead time 3:00 1/2. Gents driving horses were the next class, for a purse of $25. "Frank Allen", owned by W.H. Sawtell of New Salem, proved to be the best nag and bore off the first premium. Stallions were here brought on the track for a purse of $40. There were but two - "John Lambert", owned by S.F. Twitchell of South Framingham and "C.B. & Q. Charley" by William Sherman of Palmer. The trot was won by "John Lambert", best heat 2:55 1/2. Next came an interesting race by horses that had never trotted better than 3 minutes, for a purse of $80. The entries were by O.P. Holmes of Athol, "Kate Thorn", W. Sherman, Palmer, "C.B. & Q. Charley", C.S. Marshall of N. Leominster, "Honest Boy"; George Simons of Greenfield, "Little Joker"...C.B. & Q. Charley winning 3 straight heats. The dinner time had now arrived, and the tables that filled the upper hall were crowded with the ladies and gentlemen who had come to enjoy one of Mr. Pierce's capital "spreads", and the dessert of eloquence and wit that was to follow it. When the former was satisfactorily disposed of, President Sanderson introduced as the first speaker Ex-Mayor William Gaston of Boston, Democratic candidate for Governor. Mr. G. has a round, cleanly shaved face, and bears the air of a scholar and gentleman. His style of oratory is rather heavy. He speaks slowly, and enforces the emphatic points with gestures of the head rather than the hands. He told his hearers what a relief it was to escape the routine of his daily duties, to enjoy the air and freedom of this country village. The richest product of our lands, he said, was the New England men and women who were the leaders of progress throughout the nation. No time were these men and women more needed than now, and he charged his hearers to give their full quota to this army, and he closed by thanking them for the hospitality and the kind words that had been so warmly extended. Mayor C. [?] Pratt of Worcester, whose services as judge at the stand on the trotting course the society could not well dispense with, was next called upon, and spoke with his characteristic humor. He was followed by Jerome Jones and Edward Sands of Boston, Dr. Spencer of Cambridge, and H.M. Barleigh of Athol. The afternoon's sports consisted of two races...A little episode in this race was the upsetting of "Tom Allen's" driver, in making a short turn before scoring up. The animal made a lively run half around the track on his own responsibility, while there was a general stampede in the crowd outside, who expected the frightened animal would be over the rail and among them. He was finally brought to a stand without serious injury to himself or others. The principal race was for a purse of $300, open to all. There were 4 entries - S.F. Twitchell of South Framingham, "Kitty", F.M. Dodge, Palmer, "Seamstress", Washburn A. Vaughn of Worcester, "Shipmate", S.E. Thayer, Manchester, Vt., "Gypsy Girl"...Kitty took the first purse, Shipmate the second, and Gypsy Girl the third. This closed the races and the exercises of the day. The number of people in attendance on this afternoon was greater than at any previous times and the Fair will be set down as a brilliant success. There was a Ball in the eve. with music by Green's Band, where the young people had an appropriate wind up on their two day's festivities. The courteous Secretary, J.F. Whitcomb, rendered every attention and aid to the large corps of reporters present at the Fair, and the society is to be congratulated upon the efficiency of its officers. List of premiums [quite long]...
Gazette & Courier - Monday, March 2, 1874
P.V.M. Association - The 4th annual meeting was held in Deerfield Tues. The attendance at the aft. session in Dr. Crawford's church was not large, but there was a sufficient number of the earnest workers in the organization present to show that the interest in the purpose of its formation is still unabated. The towns represented were Deerfield, Greenfield, Charlemont and Leverett. The President, George Sheldon Esq., being in ill health, Col. R.H. Leavitt of Charlemont was called upon to preside...The number of members is 116, 11 having joined during the year and 4 having died. S.R. Phillips of Springfield, H.W. Taft of Pittsfield and http://ftp.rootsweb....u/bios/c/rchilds.txt Rodolphus Childs of Dover Ill. had become life members during the year...The balance in the treasury was $1262. The Cabinet Keeper stated that since the last annual meeting donations have been received from Susan S. Smith, Pembroke, A.D. Welch, Turners Falls, Alfred Wells, George Pierce Jr., Jona. Johnson, S.C. Wells, L.W. Rice, S.O. Lamb, http://archiver.root...Y/2002-11/1038538579 Whiting Griswold , Levi Stiles, C.H. Taylor, F.L. Nash, W.T. Davis, L.A. Nash, Frank J. Pratt, Greenfield, Mrs. Anna Upham, Mrs. Hannah W. Goodenough, John and Mary Mason, Lucy Shelburne, Mrs. Parsons Warner, Dwight D. Whitmore [I believe this is http://merrill.olm.n...hawks/HawksPart2.doc Daniel Dwight Whitmore ], John M. Smith, Mrs. Mary Taft, Mrs. Electa Squires, John Robinson, Eli [Barns], R.A. Graves, Fred Z. Beaman, Sunderland, Mrs. D. Nims, Osmond Hutchins, Mrs. Charles E. Williams, Martha Munn, Mabel A. Cowles, Mary Hawks, http://freepages.gen...tos/hampshire_ma.htm Charles D. Billings , Mrs. Antis Eaton, Charles E. Williams, Joseph A. Baldwin, John Fitzgerald, Mrs. Lucretia Eels, Deerfield, F.G. Lord, Athol, P.W. Johnson, A. Stebbins, Vernon Vt., Charles Barber, Winchester, N.H., Mary Belcher, Mrs. Caroline Cowles, http://www.gencircle.../casmero/1/data/4409 Mrs. Nelson Purple [Louisa Holton], Northfield, Samuel Millard Hingham, Mrs. E.L. Burke, ___ Frizzell, Misses Hinsdale, William E. Rythers, http://www.tracingro...an/RR02/RR02_065.htm Ezekiel C. Hale , Bernardston, R.H. Leavitt, Phineas Field, Charlemont, Alden Adams, Dr. David Rice, Leverett, Hervey Barber, Warwick, Zebina Taylor, Montague, Rev. A.W. Field, Blandford. A vote of thanks was passed by the association to the donors. A number of contributions of relics from various sources were brought into the meeting. Among them was a printed copy of a sermon preached in Shutesbury in 1810, by http://www.rootsweb.com/~mafrankl/zlev.html Rev. Henry Williams , the first Minister ever settled in Leverett, and which created a great sensation at the time and was followed by a large revival. This was from Mrs. Dr. Rice of Leverett, who also brought a book entitled "The Man of Nature", published in 1773, and another ancient volume in Latin, with several old bank bills and confederate currency. A tomahawk was presented by Franklin Arms of Conway, which had been found by him near where the first town meeting was held, Aug. 24, 1767. Deacon P. Field of E. Charlemont, who has something to offer at every meeting, gave this time a copy of the Boston Gazette, published in 1801, when Thomas Jefferson was elected President. He also had an ancient spelling book, an old pocket book, bank notes, confederate money, etc. Deacon Field proposed the building of a Memorial Kitchen, where their annual meetings might be held, which should be constructed as were the kitchens in ye olden time, and fitted up with all the appliances of that ancient day. Here he would have an annual dinner served, when the bill of fare would include the "delicacies" that delighted the palates of the epicures of a former century. Rev. J.H. Temple of Framingham objected to his including potatoes in his list of ancient eatables, for those were among the modern improvements. In the old times no one with any pretensions to respectability would eat a potato. The potato was first brought to this country in 1713 by the Scotch [which is funny, because they originated in Peru], were introduced into Sunderland in 1769, but were looked upon with such disfavor that they talked of disciplining a Minister for raising them. President Sheldon made some remarks in which he stated that Deerfield, long ago, set the example of electing women on School Committees, for Mrs. Sarah G. Barnard was elected and served in that capacity 11 years ago. Deacon Field read a narrative dictated by Mrs. Lucretia White of Northfield, an octogenarian, which gave the details of a journey from Heath to Bennington Vt., when the party was overtaken by a snow storm and spent the night in the wilds, with an old hut for a shelter and no food but a little that they happened to have in their lunch baskets. An election of officers of the Association for the year resulted as follows: President, George Sheldon of Deerfield; Vice President, Col. R.H. Leavitt, Charlemont, Mrs. Harriet Clapp Rice of Leverett, corresponding Secretary, Rev. R. Crawford, D.D. of Deerfield, Recording Secretary and Treasurer, Nathaniel Hitchcock of Deerfield; councilors, Rev. E. Buckingham , Dr. R.N. Porter, Zeri Smith, O.S. Arms, Mrs. Julia A. Cowling of Deerfield, J. Johnson, A. DeWolf. S.O. Lamb, E.A. Hall of Greenfield, Smith R. Phillips of Springfield, John M. Smith of Sunderland, C. Allen Baker of Cambridge, E.L. Holton of Northfield, Lorenzo Brown of Vernon Vt....The social and literary entertainment of the day was deferred until the eve. session, which opened at the Town Hall about 6 o'clock. The leading feature of the programme was a "tea party", and Deerfield tea parties are like those held nowhere else, for the good ladies of the village have attained the highest excellence in the culinary art, and enjoy nothing better than an opportunity to exhibit their accomplishments in this direction. The arrangements at the Hall were under the direction of Justin Hitchcock, assisted by Mrs. Julia A. Cowing, Mrs. Maria S. Hitchcock, Mrs. C.A. Stebbins and two or thee gentlemen. Before joining in the feast there was some excellent singing by the choir, and a blessing by Rev. Mr. Watson of Leverett. The refreshments were quietly passed while the company were seated, and all present were helped to the fullest satisfaction. Col. Leavitt finally called the meeting to order and the literary exercises were opened by the reading of a paper by President Sheldon, referring to the tradition about the deliverance of Hadley from an attack by the Indians in 1673. The story was that the people had assembled at the meeting house for fasting and prayer, taking their arms with them, when they were suddenly attacked by the Indians. At this critical moment there appeared among the settlers a man of venerable aspect and manner, [who] marshaled them to repel the savages, who were speedily driven from the town. The people were said to look upon their deliverer as an angel sent from God. Subsequently historians have claimed that the man with "venerable aspect and in strange garb" was http://www.bio.umass...nn.river/hadley.html General Goffe , one of the two http://www.rootsweb....tml/russell_1879.htm Regicide Judges who condemned King Charles, and were secreted in the home of Rev. Mr. Russell, fugitives from the British Crown, who thus suddenly appeared from his hiding place to aid the people, and who as suddenly retired and was never seen afterward. Mr. S. in his research has tried to trace the various threads of this history to a reliable source, but has become convinced, first, that there was "no attack" at all on Hadley Sept. 1, 1675; second, that General Goffe never appeared at any attack on that town. Rev. J.H. Temple of Framingham was now introduced, and read a paper on "Indian Name Words". The Red Men had no written language and there was great inaccuracy and confusion in their words transmitted to us by the early settlers. No one then took a thought of the historic value of the language, for it expressed the character and thoughts of the race with wonderful beauty and truth. The Indian talked but little, but when he spoke it meant something. He condensed his thoughts in his words, and there was beauty in their meaning. The names they gave to men indicated their leading characteristic, and were frequently changed, and for this reason the children had no names. They called the mountains, rivers and other objects by terms that expressed their description or history. http://www.crossmyt.com/hc/gen/deerfild.html Pocumtuck , the Indian name of Deerfield, was the "Open Rock Place", suggested by the cut through the mountain, where the Deerfield enters into the Connecticut. The name of the Connecticut signifies the "Long River with Waves". Sugarloaf Mountain was the "Red High Rock", that of Massachusetts "At the Great Mountain", and the speaker repeated many of the Indian appellations to different objects and things, and translated their meaning. He thought that it should be the object of the association to preserve these names as far as possible. The following poem was read by Miss Abbie E. Snow, a teacher in the Deerfield Academy: "Backward Glance" [very long poem]. Rev. J.H. Waterbury of Greenfield made some very happy remarks about the Indians. At Dartmouth College, where he graduated, the charter of the Institution requires that at least 4 Indians shall be educated there at all times, and many of the students had made able and eminent men. The speaker too had preached in Minnesota, and had become familiar with the missionary work among the tribes of Indians, and the condition of the affairs between the settlers and the savages. He denounced in strong terms the cheating and evil practices that had been pursued by Government agents, and said that the warfare staged by the Indians was nearly always a retaliation for the wrongs committed by the whites and spoke in warm praise of the peace policy of the administration....The choir, under the direction of H.S. Childs, which contributed no small share to the success of the exercises, and were greatly praised for their fine music, was composed as follows: H.S. Childs, Amos Shepard, William Warner Jr., B. Zebina Stebbins [ http://www.gencircle...useaann/2/data/42158 Benjamin Zebina Stebbins ], Tenor, Mrs. Edward Wells, Miss Lizzie Hastings, Mrs. E.C. Cowles, Mrs. H.S. Childs, Soprano, Mrs. C.A. Stebbins [ http://www.gencircle...useaann/2/data/42155 Laura Alfreda Grout, wife of Christopher Austin Stebbins ], Miss Susie Anderson, Contralto, Austin I. Billings, Edward Wells, J.B. Hitchcock, Edgar M. Smith, Basso, John Field, Organist. The exercises closed by singing an ode written for the occasion by George B. Bartlett of Boston, which will be found on our first page, to the tune of Auld Lang Syne, in which all joined.
Gazette & Courier - Monday, September 18, 1871
Two years ago a little son of Mrs. Van Doren, the widow of a minister residing at Union Hill, N.J. was kidnapped, as it was supposed, by gipsies
Two years ago a little son of Mrs. Van Doren, the widow of a minister residing at Union Hill, N.J. was kidnapped, as it was supposed, by http://user.intop.net/~jhollis/gypsies.htm gipsies [i.e. gypsies]. As the mother was passing through a by street in Hudson City on Fri., she recognized her lost child in company with a party of 3 http://www.stanford....r_14/chapter_14.html vagrant Bohemians, and immediately took steps to rescue him.
Gazette & Courier - Monday, May 11, 1874
Sailor hats in blue and white straw, with the brim turned up on one side, are stylish favorites with the young girls. Gray and white shell braid
Sailor hats in blue and white straw, with the brim turned up on one side, are stylish favorites with the young girls. Gray and white http://www.fabrics.net/joanbiaschart1001.asp shell braid , or brown and white straws, row and row, are shown for country wear. The shade hats of the season are out of row and row straws, blue and white, or brown and white, large, gipsy-like and graceful in shape, trimmed for show with wreaths of marguerites and foliage coming under the brim, or more simply with knots of velvet and ribbon in front and behind, the ends of the velvet only falling over the brim. Picturesque http://www.worldwide...harlesII/chap21.html Charles II hats of fine leghorn, with three gray or brown plumes at the side, covering the crown, are for driving and the seaside. The slashed http://gloriousvintage.com/hats2.html coronet is a favorite city hat, worn with plumes and without flowers. Bonnets and hats are equally fashionable, and the only difference is solely in the way of wearing them, not in the shape. Hats are drawn forward to shade the brow; bonnets set back, showing the way the front hair is worn, but the style of neither is carried to extremes.
Gazette & Courier - Monday, July 31, 1871
(Bernardston) This town, just north of the village, is now being visited by quite a gang of horse traders and fortune tellers from the north, composed, as we suppose, of the French Canadian, the Engl
(Bernardston) This town, just north of the village, is now being visited by quite a gang of horse traders and fortune tellers from the north, composed, as we suppose, of the French Canadian, the English, and probably a little of the Bow and Arrow blood. The male part of this motley company trade horses, the females tell fortunes and make baskets, the whole being encamped near the http://www.co.franklin.ma.us/bernard.htm Burk [Major John Burk built one of the first 4 houses in Bernardston] bridge, in the highway. For a few days past they have driven quite a brisk trade in the way of swapping horses, but whether to the advantage of themselves or disadvantage of those who were green enough to trade with them, time will reveal. That anyone could believe that these squalid looking http://hobo.web-log.nl/ vagrants could look into futurity and foretell future events, shows a lack of intelligence and common sense which we little expected to find in any one in this town.
Gazette & Courier - Monday, April 20, 1874
(Shelburne Falls) A.S. Norris, the gentlemanly agent of Rogers & Co. of Boston, has shown us a very fine, newly patented earthen Gipsey te
(Shelburne Falls) A.S. Norris, the gentlemanly agent of Rogers & Co. of Boston, has shown us a very fine, newly patented http://store4.yimg.com/I/cottageindia_1768_6164576 earthen Gipsey tea kettle , which rests on a tasteful iron support. It is just the thing for family use, there is already a great demand for them. Physicians say that tea should never be cooked in tin vessels. Ott & Wilcox keep them for sale.
Gazette & Courier - Monday, May 8, 1871
(Greenfield) Spring and summer millinery at Bangs'. Without going into details of articles & prices, we would simply say that we have a choice selection for the spring and summer trade. And that you
(Greenfield) Spring and summer millinery at Bangs'. Without going into details of articles & prices, we would simply say that we have a choice selection for the spring and summer trade. And that you may be more familiar with the names of some of the http://www.geocities.com/vintagepix/hats.html hats , I will mention a few of the many that can be sung in that good old tune http://sniff.numachi...DHUND;ttOLDHUND.html "Old Hundred" : Gipsey, Artless, Ione, Ella, Woodbine, Broadway, Brussels, Clara, Martha, Turban, Vixen, Eva, School, Shade, Como, Lizie, Ida. And our quartette milliners (in the same old tune) are Eliza, Carrie, Nettie, Nellie. To those that can't sing, may read a few of the fancy goods we keep: aprons, bustle hoop skirts , night dresses, http://www.staylace.com/ corsets , http://www.thevictorianemporium.net/glossary.html chemises , chignons, new style in silk, forms, collars, bones, laces, silks, etc. Flowers, beautiful and fragrant, especially when they adorn the http://www.costumes....linepages/1870s1.htm fashionable . Although our Miss Robbin(s) has gone and lit on an Orange bush, where we wish her much success, yet we have secured the services of Miss Holland, and with her five seasons' experience we think she is equal to the task she has undertaken. Remember the place where goods are sold very cheap. No. 2 Pond's Block, the sign of the partridge in the window. J.C. Bangs.
Gazette & Courier - Monday, June 24, 1872
(Shelburne Falls) Gypsy business seems to be looking up. A strolling band has spent part of the week here. They
(Shelburne Falls) http://sdrcdata.lib..../florentine/1&page=2 Gypsy business seems to be looking up. A strolling band has spent part of the week here. They had fine wagons and good horses. They were trading their way through the country instead of begging.
Gazette & Courier - Monday, December 8, 1873
(Shelburne Falls) Wed. eve. the Baptist sociable met at the house of Darwin A. Bardwell, who, with his wife, is entitled to the hearty tha
(Shelburne Falls) Wed. eve. the Baptist sociable met at the house of http://members.aol.com/rivrswan/gen1clapp.html Darwin A. Bardwell , who, with his wife, is entitled to the hearty thanks of all present for their kindness and generosity. A bountiful supper was provided for all. There were splendid representations of different characters. Young ladies dressed in olden fashions, as Nuns, German Peasants, Gypsies, Morning Night, http://nowff.hyperma...ry_10/nowffx_07.html Popcorn Girls , Springfield Republican, Boston Advertiser, Gazette & Courier, Red Riding Hood appeared to good advantage and greatly amused the spectators. Then there was the Noble Red Man, the Highlander, the Sailor boy, all of whom acted well their parts. There was plenty of good music and witty speeches. It was a perfect success. A handsome sum of money was realized. Another sociable will probably be held in a few weeks.
Gazette & Courier - Monday, October 27, 1873
(Greenfield) Lost Fri. was the 15th anniversary of the wedding of Mr. & Mrs. Daniel Rice of Springfield [
(Greenfield) Lost Fri. was the 15th anniversary of the wedding of Mr. & Mrs. Daniel Rice of Springfield [ http://www.sprague-d...2-04/f890.htm#f57200 Daniel Rice Jr. and Harriet F. Ballou ], formerly of Greenfield, and about 80 of their friends, including 20 from Springfield, gave them a complete and pleasant surprise, dropping upon them in the eve., with smiles on their faces and presents in their hands. Neighbor Hodgkins made a neat little presentation speech, and Squire Larrabee of Greenfield put another hitch onto the matrimonial knot which has held so long and well. Among the presents were a beautiful Chinese tea set, castor and cake basket, napkin rings, and a very nice chromo painting.
Gazette & Courier - Monday, October 20, 1873
(New Salem) One of the most interesting occasions of the season in this vicinity, was the wedding of Miss Nassie A. White [
(New Salem) One of the most interesting occasions of the season in this vicinity, was the wedding of Miss Nassie A. White [ http://ftp.rootsweb....us/1910/indx-s-z.txt Narcissa A. White Tower ], and Mr. http://ftp.rootsweb....us/1910/indx-s-z.txt Albert R. Tower , a well known and highly esteemed merchant of Athol, which took place on Wed. last. The ceremony was performed in the church at New Salem, by Prof. L. White, the father of the bride, assisted by Rev. D. Eastman, Pastor of the Church. The bride was elegantly attired in a dress of light fawn colored silk, over which a gossamer veil fastened with a wreath of orange blossoms and smilax fell in graceful folds. The students from the Academy and many of the citizens were assembled to witness the ceremony. After the two were united in holy matrimony the friends returned to the house, where the greetings which were exchanged were friendly and pleasant, and a bountiful repast was served. The numerous, elegant wedding presents next claimed the attention of the guests. The number and beauty of these showed plainly with what esteem Miss White and Mr. Tower are regarded by their many friends. Among the presents were two glass goblets made expressly for the bride and groom. One being marked with the initial A., and the other N, the initials encircled by a wreath, and on the opposite side a figure, the work on the glass was wrought by being ground into it by a machine used for this purpose. The goblets and a beautiful little http://www.vaselineglass.org/factory.html gipsey [i.e. gypsy] kettle made of glass and suspended by a silver chain from the fork of three glass rods, and a small thermometer set in a glass paper weight, were a present from the bridesmaid, who had them made at the glass manufactory in Sandwich Mass. There were many other presents which might claim attention, but we will mention only one more, a very elegant silver cake basket lined with gold and marked with the name of the bride and the donors. This was a present from the students of the Academy in token of their esteem and high appreciation of her labors on their behalf. Miss White has been a teacher in the Academy four years, and by her earnest labors and untiring efforts to advance the good of the pupils she has gained their warmest friendship. We feel that the institution has met with a great loss in losing one who has so efficiently labored here so long. Not only at the Academy will she be missed, but also in the home circle where she has ever been the light and joy of the household. But our loss in another's gain, and we rejoice that so much happiness is in prospect for them. May the brightness and serene loveliness of the day be but a true and fitting emblem of the beautiful and happy lives of the newly married pair. The number of guests at the house was about 45 and "all went merry as a marriage bell". At 3 o'clock the bridal couple set out upon the wedding trip, carrying with them the blessing and benediction of their numerous friends. The slipper thrown after the bride and groom, by Miss Emma Eastman, went entirely over their carriage, thus betokening good fortune to the occupants
Gazette & Courier - Monday, September 1, 1873
(Shelburne Falls) The Gypsies have been camping near the village for several days. They had some good horses with them and claimed to be honest in their dealings.
(Shelburne Falls) The Gypsies have been camping near the village for several days. They had some good horses with them and claimed to be honest in their dealings.