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Revised list of topics
Revised list of topics

Revised Jan. 10, 2009

Welcome to the list of topics. You can call them subject headings or tags - they offer you another method of searching the Franklin County Publication Archive site. Interested in accident victims in Athol? Click on the tag below for Accident Victims and find a list of articles dating from Jan. 1, 1870 to August , 1875. Once on the page of articles, then use your Find command to  pull up all articles mentioning Athol.

The search engine is being revamped by the wonderful and highly overworked Mik Muller. Once it is completed, you will be able to search for multiple subjects or terms by simply dividing terms with a comma in the search box. Example: Jones, Deerfield, Births   That should give you a nice listing of all Joneses born in Deerfield during the time period mentioned above. Another way to search it will be to choose the terms Deerfield and Births from the drop down box and add Jones to the search box. Voila!

ACCIDENT VICTIMS     Here reside the fatalities, not the regular every day deaths. Industrial accidents, drownings, death by fire, train, loose circus animals, accidental shootings, and freak accidents.

     Much more run of the mill stuff here, and not even fatal, at least in most cases. Many of these articles concern runaway horses, falls and narrow escapes.

   One of my favorite sections. Classified ads are also included here.

   Everything is covered here. Articles deal with slavery, racism, lynchings, and the like, but it is noteworthy to see that many articles are not racist in content.

AMUSEMENTS  is kind of a catch-all, but primarily concerns fun stuff done for amusement - picnics, parades, croquet games, tableaux, taffy pulling, sleigh rides, masquerade parties, sociables, shadow pantomimes - you get the idea.

ANIMALS / REPTILES  From the barnyard to the circus, to the hunted, to cats and dogs. Horses have their own category. I regret now that I did not create a subject heading for cruelty to animals, but those articles are also included here.

ARABS  Exotic stuff here. Turkey, Palestine, harems, whirling dervishes, reflecting the fascination for the Middle East and all its customs and traditions in the 1870s.

  is a mixed bag of accidental findings - like the dinosaur footprints in the Connecticut River bed in Turners Falls, to old burial sites of Native Americans [which were treated with appalling lack of respect]. "Humbugs" like the Cardiff giant are also included here, as well as accidental finding of treasure.

ARCHITECTURE / CONSTRUCTION  Styles of buildings, as well as the building of houses, larger buildings, bridges, train tracks, etc.

ART    contains the sublime, and the mundane. Famous statues and portraits are always being commissioned. It was also during this time period that art classes began to be required in the schools.


    Post Lincoln.

ASTRONOMY   Rare astronomical events, aurora borealis, miracles, meteors, solar eclipses - and the more mundane, references to the sun, moon, stars, planets, etc.


   includes not only the establishment itself, but also all references to hair, wigs, bald heads, medicine to grow hair, hair dyes, etc.

   Pretty much portrayed as den of iniquities. The Gazette & Courier is very much pro temperance.



   Anything drinkable. Includes water, milk, soda, coffee, tea, cider, as well as beer, liquor, etc.

BICYCLES AND BICYCLING - The craze hasn’t hit yet.  When it does, though, we’re on top of it!

BIRDS   All kinds of birds, many articles related to hunting. Hen stories abound as well, with some hens laying eggs that are 8 inches wide! [I pity the poor bird].

   A really sad section, since birth control in this time period only relates to mothers killing their newborns, to botched illegal abortions, etc.

   Are prolific. Many names, usually only of the proud father, are repeated each year. Of course the matching obituaries contain many of these infants as well. All cases of multiple births worldwide are listed.


   Free bridges, toll bridges, railroad bridges, etc.

   Any new business, old business, capitalist venture, etc. is covered.

    Women are people too!


CANALS - past their heydey (1830’s and 40’s) but still around and of interest.

CARICATURES AND CARTOONS - Haven’t started yet but I am awaiting them with great anticipation.


CHARITY   One of the main reasons fraternal clubs and organizations came into being.


  Only the very worst cases ever make it into print.

CHILDREN - They’re everywhere of course - families are huge, 15 children being a normal size. But the youth culture has not taken hold - one mostly hears about children having accidents or dying, or around Christmas time, or in school.

CHINA AND CHINESE   None locally as yet, but plenty of interest in the national news.

CIRCUS - One of my favorite sections. The hype, the sound, the fun! The ads are exceptional.

CLUBS   There are clubs for everything; they serve a major community function. Remember, no TV’s, no radios, etc.




CONNECTICUT RIVER - The important one. All others are in one section entitled RIVERS.

CONSERVATION OF NATURAL RESOURCES - Hasn’t dawned on them too much, even though they are familiar with Thoreau’s work.

   Base ball games (we call ’em baseball) becoming popular. Bets and wagers always a part of our society. We’ve got walking contests, horse races, tobacco stripping contests, girls splitting hard wood slabs, which hen can lay the biggest egg, who can grow the tallest corn stalk, etc.


- Soaps, hairdyes, perfumes, face creams, etc.

COURTS  One of the largest sections. Look here for all criminal activity.

- The path of true love did not run smoothly, even in the old days. Poems and stories abound, even personal ads (very high-toned ones, of course). Murders and scandals are not uncommon, as well.

- Ah crime! There’s some of everything here, some of it salacious, much of it fines for drunkenness.

- Not everyone who commits a crime is a criminal. I reserved this area for people like serial poisoners, bank robbers, desperados, outlaws [like Red-Handed Dick and Henry Berry Lowery].

CULTS - Oh yes, they existed back then, and were just as troublesome. Read about Adventists, proponents of Free Loveism, Millerism, the Shakers, the Christian Israelites, the Nazarites, and the Howling Dervishes [Hmm, great name for a rock band].

is a great catchall section, and one of my favorites [of course]. Here you will read about human and animal abnormalities - a youth with three legs and four feet, a lizard living in a man’s stomach, a three horned and three eyed ox, a living skeleton, a four legged chicken - well, you get the idea ;-).

- Very important to Greenfield and Turners Falls history.

DANCE - Many kinds of dancing available for the young and the old. From Balls to Belly Dancers.


- We always have them. However, they don’t have the immediacy that they do nowadays in today’s news. Read about the great Chicago fire of 1871, the great Boston fire of 1872, shipwrecks, earthquakes, floods and explosions.

DISEASES - We’ve got a million of ’em.

- the Court makes you jump through hoops, wait years, etc., but divorces do happen.

DREAMS AND SLEEP - Sleep and sleep disorders also included here.

- From sulphuric ether, to tobacco, chloral, opium and laudanum.



ECONOMICS - Not one of my favorite subjects, but you will find here any articles about money, banks, every day economics, etc.

- a special place for UMass, then the Agricultural College.

ELECTIONS - only the major ones.

EMIGRATION AND IMMIGRATION - New England still pretty unhomogenous, but there are sections about German, Chinese and Irish migrations.

- Still a strong connection to the homeland.


ETIQUETTE - Always a topic of interest for the Victorians.


EXECUTIONS AND EXECUTIONERS - A morbid but interesting section.

EXPLORERS - A great time period for exploration. We have Dr. Livingston, Arctic explorers, and more.

EYE - Blindness, accidents, eyeglasses, sore eyes, etc.

FAIRS - held bout once a week - the favorite moneymaker of the women’s church groups. Then there’s the County Fairs, which are covered as thoroughly as possible.

FAMILY - Family reunions, loving families, insane families, incest, and more. Very useful for genealogists.

FARMERS AND FARMING - A hot topic in the 19th century. Also covers tobacco and fertilizers.

- A fun section. Sunbonnets, French kid gloves, waterproof dress goods, garters, corsets, wigs, demi-trains, false insteps, shawls, plaid poplins, striped stockings, chignons, Chinese grass cloth, kilting, etc.

FIRES - There are so many, and so few ways to put them out, that it’s a wonder that any buildings survived the 19th century at all. I had to be very exclusive, and only cover those fires of local and international interest.

FISHES AND FISHING - You can get a barrel of oysters delivered right to your door, andthey are "the" Sunday breakfast.

FLOODS - Also quite prevalent.

FOOD - For the gourmet and the every day eater. This section is large and all inclusive. Includes some recipes and all restaurant ads.

FREEMASONRY - A group deserving of their own section.

- Many influences here, from the Mansard or "French" roofs, stationary, corsets, pottery, jewelry, the Franco-Prussian War, etc.

- Wooden items, [and what wood! Black walnut, solid ash, walnut, chestnut] beds and sofas [occasionally covered with haircloth], and some interesting articles about Gardner, Mass., the "chair capital of the world".

GAMBLING - One of the oldest vices. Chinese gambling houses, dog-pits, bets, every day chance taking.

GANGS - Not the Bloods and the Crips, but the homegrown Tough End boys, roughs and rowdies, brigands and juvenile delinquents.

GARBAGE - Remember that this is pre-plastic (in most respects) and that the necessity for community trash dumps is not an issue yet. Most, or all farmers, keep an iron and glass scrap heap somewhere in the back forty - a practice which still occurs today. Some articles do concern garbage - rubbish littering the streets, a city without sewers, ash barrels, etc.

GAYS - ah, this is a tough but rewarding section, where I’ve had to "read between the lines" quite a bit. Included here are men who dressed as women, and women who dressed as men [with the understanding that, especially in women’s cases, this could have been done for economic and other reasons]. Famous figures like Oscar Wilde, Susan B. Anthony and Anna Dickinson are the meat and potatoes of this section.

- one of the more recent additions, includes topographical surveys, maps, tourist type articles, etc.

GERMANS - Nice to see this ethnic group portrayed in such a positive light. Local Germans are hard working, athletic, happy, beer drinkers who do not get drunk, like to compete in gymnastic contests, love to dance, etc.


GLASS - a particular favorite of mine, since I dig for, and collect old glass embossed bottles. Bottles, window glass, demi-johns, looking glasses, etc. As time allows, I will scan in some of my "dug" antique bottles for your viewing pleasure.

- usually Presidents, Congress, and taxes, new states and territories. Many other government related articles will be found under POLITICS.



GYPSIES - always a few passing through, telling fortunes, trading horses, stealing chickens, and kidnapping local children.

HAMPSHIRE & HAMPDEN COUNTIES (MA)    A catch all section for all those towns not privileged to be in Franklin County, and yet covered fairly thoroughly here. So look for articles on Amherst, Northampton, and the Massachusetts Agricultural College (the earlier name of the University of Massachusetts).

HANDICAPPED - the blind, the deaf, the lame, the insane - all find a home here. Cork legs, poor houses and alms-houses, deformed infants, hunchbacks, etc.



HERITAGE ACTIVITIES - will come into their own a little later. For now, centennial celebrations are included here.

HISPANICS - another catchall heading. Latin American activities, as well as Spanish Peninsular items. This subject heading will probably be combined with LATIN AMERICA eventually.

HISTORY - well, it’s all history to us, right? But included here are items which were of historic interest to the inhabitants of the 1870’s - the early days of Greenfield, Deerfield, and Montague; the founding of historical organizations, like the Pocumtuck Valley Memorial Association, and genealogical family histories.

HOLIDAYS - not much different from today’s celebrations. Of course the 4th of July was a maelstrom of fireworks and severed limbs, and Christmas advertising did not occur untilthe two issues before Dec. 25th. Sabbath Schools all had their holiday celebrations, complete with Christmas trees and a song fest, and Valentine’s Day had already started its decline into ignorant and joke cards. Washington’s birthday, All Fool’s Day, May Day, Thanksgiving, New Year’s Day, and Memorial Day are all represented. No sign of Halloween yet.

is rapidly nearing completion. Read about the 19th century version of the "Big Dig".

- I find this section absolutely fascinating. The vital importance of horses for all transportation needs is clearly shown, especially during the "Horse Disease"(Epizootic) of 1872. You either rassled up an oxen or goat, or you walked - in those places not accessible by train, of course.

HOTELS - There’s not that many of them, but they know how to do it up in style, and are a vital part of the town’s culture. This is the era when enormous resort hotels are springing up, and the concept of vacations are taking hold in the middle and upper classes.

is a broad subject; I mainly went by the rule of thumb of what occurred inside a dwelling. Houses were the domain of women, and so items made specifically for women, like sewing machines, find a home here. Hints on cookery and thrift, as well as kitchen appliances also find a home here ;-). Ah yes, the world of washing, ironing, canning, and child rearing.

HUNGARIANS - Why the Hungarians, you say? Well, this is one of those personal interest type headings, since I am half Hungarian.

ICE - a big business, back in the days of pre-refrigeration. Ice was "harvested" from local lakes, and kept cool in warehouses, to be sold in blocks throughout the warm months. Also included here are frozen over rivers and ponds, ice skating, and ice used for drinks and preserving food.




















Jun 30, 2022
Franklin County (MA) News Archive
The Franklin County Publication Archive Index

To search for a particular subject term, click on the highlighted link containing that term at the bottom of the article. For example, if you are seeking more articles about animals, click on the highlighted link which says Animals/Reptiles/Amphibians.

Article Archives: Articles: Gangs

Showing 25

Posted by stew - Sun, Feb 22, 2009

Gazette & Courier - Monday, September 13, 1875
South Deerfield

South Deerfield - The report of the fire, as given by the Springfield Republican on Mon., was anything but satisfactory to the "Law Abiding Citizens", their item in Tuesday's paper to the contrary notwithstanding. The insinuation that Mr.Mulligan allowed a set of roughs to come up on the train, who created "so much disturbance", the citizens do not believe.

On the contrary, we are requested to say that they are very grateful to Superintendent Mulligan and the company which came with him, for the very prompt manner in which they responded to the call for aid, notwithstanding they did not get here to render much aid, they did manifest a disposition, for which they have the hearty thanks of all Law Abiding Citizens". [Very blurry section follows]

Then the insinuation that the Irish were more drunken and disorderly than any other class is a mistake, perhaps not purposely. On the other hand there were many Irish [?] as they always have on such occasions in this place. As for the liquor flowing freely we will say nothing, as judging from the report we presume the said reporter knew better about that than the "Law Abiding Citizens" [more blurriness - sorry]. Law Abiding Citizen.

Subjects: Accidents, Criminals, Deerfield (MA), Drunkenness, Fires, Gangs, Hampshire / Hampden Counties, Irish, Law and Lawyers, Liquors, Literature / Web Pages, Racism, Trains, Transportation

Posted by stew - Sat, Feb 14, 2009

Gazette & Courier - Monday, September 13, 1875
Greenfield -

Greenfield - Trial Justice Brainard disposed of the following cases last week: Michael Moran, who took wood from Millers Falls, the property of Oselo Goodnow, was fined $2 and costs, from which he appealed. James Dwyer, Whitney Barden, Horatio Cutler and David Buffum of Montague City, were arrested for assaulting Abner Avery, and were fined $5 and one fourth of the costs each, which amounted to $8.92.

John McIves, one of the Bardwell’s Ferry roughs, was arrested by P.M. Fitzgerald for drunkenness, fined $5 and costs, which if not paid within 3 days, he was to take 20 days in the House of Correction. Dennis Brown for assault on Michael O’Neil, was brought in by Sheriff Swan of Shelburne Falls, and fined $8 and costs. Justice Davis discharged Patrick Mahaney of Cheapside, who was brought up for drunkenness, and fined John McIves $2 and costs - $4.95, who was picked up drunk by night policeman Carbee.

Subjects: Courts, Crime, Criminals, Drunkenness, Economics, Gangs, Greenfield (MA), Millers Falls (MA), Montague (MA), Police, Prisons, Robbers and Outlaws, Shelburne and Shelburne Falls (MA), Trains, Transportation, Trees

Posted by stew - Fri, Feb 13, 2009

Gazette & Courier - Monday, September 13, 1875
News about home: Greenfield items

Greenfield - Fred Hawks left town last week to commence work upon a long bridge over the West River at Townshend Vt. It will require several weeks work with a large gang of hands to complete his contract.

Subjects: Bridges, Gangs, Greenfield (MA), Rivers / Lakes / Oceans, Vermont, Work, Architecture / Construction

Posted by stew - Sat, Feb 7, 2009

Gazette & Courier - Monday, September 6, 1875
A female burglar

A female burglar has just been caged in Indiana, whose ingenuity and daring would be worthy of admiration were they exercised in a different field of labor. Her name is Nellie Spencer, and she is reported to have had under her command as desperate a gang of thieves as ever flourished. The latest operations of her gang were undertaken in Evansville, where Nellie was so unlucky as to be caught.

She is described as a young woman and wears a determined look upon her face. She is of good large figure, and her movements are extremely graceful. Her eyes are coal black, and a winning smile plays about her mouth. She wears her hair short and curly, combed back from her forehead, and she has a very pretty way of throwing it back by a dash of her hand.

She is no ordinary woman, and has little of the timidity which characterizes her sex. She has discarded the garments of her sex with all other feminine attributes and donned the clothing of the sterner sex, while carrying out her plans.

Her gang would usually meet at 2 o'clock in the morning. The party assigned for the work of burglary would be assisted by one person to hold the swag, while the others would be posted around to give warning. The signals were various, sometimes a gentle rap on the fence, and again a low whistle.

When anyone approached, the party lay low until he passed, and the business was again resumed. No one person was selected to do the burglary, the risky work being divided between the members of the gang. Frequently however, Nellie is said to have accomplished a neat job single handed. Her valise was found where she boarded and among its contents were two suits of men's clothes.

Subjects: Barber / Hair, Crime, Criminals, Eye, Gangs, Gays, Luck, Masculinity (Machismo), Prisons, Robbers and Outlaws, Work, Clothing

Posted by stew - Wed, Feb 4, 2009

Gazette & Courier - Monday, August 30, 1875

(Shelburne) There was quite a fight down on the railroad Sun. night, in which about 60 were engaged. It was rather the worst time that they have had, and was bad enough, as appearances of heads and eyes testify.

Subjects: Eye, Gangs, Shelburne and Shelburne Falls (MA), Trains

Posted by stew - Tue, Dec 30, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, August 9, 1875
News about home: Greenfield items

Among the victims who received sentence at Justice Brainard's court last week were James Moran, who was fined $9.95; Thomas Roach, fined $9.53, and James Riley, fined $9.85. These all belonged to the Bardwell's Ferry gang, and were hauled up for drunkenness. Martin McAllister, a local common drunkard, was sent to the House of Correction for 6 months.

Subjects: Courts, Crime, Drunkenness, Economics, Gangs, Greenfield (MA), Prisons, Shelburne and Shelburne Falls (MA), Trains, Transportation, Work

Posted by stew - Tue, Dec 30, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, August 9, 1875
News about home: Greenfield items

One of the Bardwell’s ferry roughs, with more Greenfield whiskey that he could carry, settled down in front of Lamb’s music store to sleep it off Sat. aft. Officer Kimball being called upon to remove him, found the man had still life enough to show considerable fight, and was obliged to put "leaders" on him before he could take him to jail.


Subjects: Crime, Dreams / Sleep, Drunkenness, Gangs, Greenfield (MA), Horses, Liquors, Music, Police, Politics, Prisons, Shelburne and Shelburne Falls (MA), Stores, Retail, Trains, Transportation, Work

Posted by stew - Sun, Dec 21, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, August 9, 1875
Smash the rings!

Medium sized article about stopping political corruption.

Subjects: Gangs, Politics

Posted by stew - Mon, Dec 15, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, July 26, 1875
John Jordan

John Jordan, a discarded lover of Miss Coyne of Taylorsville, Pa., was fatally shot by Miss Coyne Mon. night, while attempting with a gang of roughs to force an entrance to the Coyne house to eject one Oarnoshan[?], who had supplanted Jordan in his affections of the woman, and to close the tragedy, Miss Coyne, while handing the pistol to her son, accidentally discharged it, the ball lodging in Miss Coyne's side, and producing a serious and possibly fatal wound.

Subjects: Accident Victims, Accidents, Courtship, Crime, Criminals, Family, Gangs, Households, Women

Posted by stew - Sun, Dec 14, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, July 26, 1875
Millers Falls

The Millers Falls Company completed their new dam the past week, and it seems to be the general opinion that "this dam will stand". The work was commenced on the coffer dam April 12; water was let into the same on the 27th April; and since then a gang of men have worked continually on the new structure. About 150,000 ft. of lumber have been used in its construction, and of this amount, 70,000 ft. are below the water level of the natural stream.

The work has been under the constant supervision of A.P. Richardson of Turners Falls, a first class constructor of dams, and who is a master of his profession in all its particulars. We think the company have reason to congratulate themselves upon having such an efficient and thorough workman to superintend the construction of the dam. He don't like any "bureau" work around; but everything that is done, is well done.

Subjects: Business Enterprises, Businesspeople, Gangs, Millers Falls (MA), Montague (MA), Rivers / Lakes / Oceans, Trees, Turners Falls (MA), Work, Architecture / Construction

Posted by stew - Sun, Dec 14, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, July 26, 1875

The late 5 o'clock prayer meeting, held in the Shirkshire school house, was of deep interest, more than 125 present; a marked change from the time, when disturbed by roughs, such a gathering could scarcely be held. The influence of Christianity has done much, and we hope for more good; the result of patient, prayerful effort.

Subjects: Conway (MA), Crime, Criminals, Education, Gangs, Religion

Posted by stew - Mon, Dec 1, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, June 21, 1875
News about home: Greenfield items

Our village was filled on Wed. with drunken roughs. These fellows belonged to the gang of workmen on the Troy & Greenfield railroad, who, having been paid off, were spending their small wages in a general debauch. One or two arrests were made, and Officer Kimball was called to the depot, before the departure of the western train in the aft., to quell a disturbance among the fellows, who were having a free fight in a car. It is said that two Greenfield men drove out Tues. night to the road where these men were employed, and sold them several gallons of whiskey.

Subjects: Crime, Criminals, Drunkenness, Economics, Gangs, Greenfield (MA), Liquors, Police, Sales, Trains, Work

Posted by stew - Mon, Dec 1, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, May 24, 1875
News of the week

A gang of ruffians, supposed to be the James and Younger brothers, who have settled their differences and are again operating together, visited a country store standing alone on the prairie, 12 miles north of Clinton, Mo. on Thurs. last, forced a party of 8 gentlemen and ladies, who were playing croquet on the lawn in the rear of the store, to go inside, and then, while 3 of the robbers stood guard, the fourth relieved the party, the store keeper and the store of all portable valuables to be found, after which the robbers coolly mounted their horses and rode away.

Subjects: Amusements, Animals / Reptiles, Crime, Criminals, Family, Gangs, Horses, Robbers and Outlaws, Sports, Stores, Retail, Transportation, Women, Work, Jewelry / Gold / Silver / Treasure

Posted by stew - Mon, Dec 1, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, May 17, 1875
Hartwellville, Vt.

One of the boys that was arrested just before going to the State Reform School, owned that Calvin Fuller was their leader, and that they had lived high all winter on chickens, apples, and wine they had stolen. He will not have to steal now.

Subjects: Birds, Children, Education, Food, Gangs, Juvenile Delinquents, Liquors, Meat, Police, Prisons, Robbers and Outlaws, Vermont

Posted by stew - Mon, Dec 1, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, May 10, 1875
News about home: Greenfield items

The army of half clad boys and girls who slam your front gate and ring your door bell, before you have finished your last morning nap, to inquire if you want to "buy any greens" are now in the full tide of their glory.

Subjects: Children, Dreams / Sleep, Food, Gangs, Greenfield (MA), Households, Poor, Sales, War / Weaponry, Clothing

Posted by stew - Mon, Dec 1, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, May 10, 1875
News of the week

As expected, Judge Lynch [i.e. a lynch mob] succeeded in trying the case of the colored murderer, Joe Reed, who killed Policeman Frazier at Nashville, Tenn. Fri. night. The jailer did his best to protect his prisoner, but without avail. The mob, after several hours' work, forced their way in, seized Reed, fastened a rope around his neck, and hurrying him to the suspension bridge, threw him over with the intention of hanging, but the rope broke and he fell to the rocks below, a distance of 90 ft., and from thence into the river. He was shot once on the way and again at the bridge. [A policeman shot by a colored ruffian in Nashville - see the May 1, 1875 article in the New York Times].

Subjects: African-Americans / Blacks, Bridges, Courts, Crime, Criminals, Gangs, Literature / Web Pages, Murder, Police, Prisons, Racism, Rivers / Lakes / Oceans, Work, Vigilance Committees

Posted by stew - Mon, Dec 1, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, May 10, 1875
A gang of workmen from the Troy and Greenfield railroad repairs at Bardwell's Ferry went down to Springfield Mon

A gang of workmen from the Troy and Greenfield railroad repairs at Bardwell's Ferry went down to Springfield Mon. for a little "tear" and William Welch and William Tidd brought up very drunk Tues. night, on the Boston and Albany railroad track. Welch made a pillow of the rail, and his head was crushed by the passing switch engine Agawam.

Subjects: Accident Victims, Boston (MA), Dreams / Sleep, Drunkenness, Gangs, Greenfield (MA), Hampshire / Hampden Counties, Obituaries, Shelburne and Shelburne Falls (MA), Trains, Transportation, Work

Posted by stew - Mon, Dec 1, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, May 3, 1875
Shelburne Falls

The Edwards Brothers are working a night gang on their steam shovel. The dirt is now being unloaded near the quarry.

Subjects: Business Enterprises, Family, Gangs, Shelburne and Shelburne Falls (MA), Work

Posted by stew - Mon, Dec 1, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, April 26, 1875
Daring robbery of a New York horse car

One of the boldest robberies that has ever been committed in New York occurred on one of the Belt line horse cars Mon. William P. Goldin, messenger for the Architectural Iron Works had just drawn $3000 from a bank and entered the car, when he was followed by 3 rough looking men, one of whom sat beside him, and the other 2 as near as possible. While passing through 14th Street between Avenues C & D, the man who sat beside Goldin snatched the package of money from him and dashed out of the door, one of the pals following him, while the other rushed to the door, drew a revolver and threatened to shoot the first person who stirred. The passengers, all of whom had risen, fell back dismayed before the revolver, the ladies screaming while the robbers jumped into a two-seated wagon that had been following the car and made off. One of the passengers managed to get out of the car and seize the robbers' horses by the head, but he was at once knocked down and the highwaymen made good their escape.

Subjects: Animals / Reptiles, Business Enterprises, Crime, Criminals, Economics, Gangs, Horses, Roads, Robbers and Outlaws, Transportation, Urbanization / Cities, Women, Work, Architecture / Construction

Posted by stew - Mon, Dec 1, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, April 26, 1875
News of the week

A gang of thieves at Logansport, Indiana. has been broken up by the arrest of 8 individuals, including a merchant and a farmer.

Subjects: Crime, Criminals, Farmers & Farming / Flowers, Gangs, Robbers and Outlaws, Vendors and Purchasers

Posted by stew - Mon, Dec 1, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, March 29, 1875
The hanging of the bandit Vasquez

The hanging of the bandit Vasquez [Tiburcio Vasquez] the other day in California, closed a career that in the romance of crimes deserves to be ranked with the stories of Robin Hood, Dick Turpin, Claude Duval and Fra Diavolo. Vasquez had a spice of all these romantic villains in his composition. He joined the delicacy of a woman with the ferocity of a wolf and the courage of a panther. He had the manners of a Spanish don and the morals of a savage.

/ He had committed 37 murders, stolen some thousands of horses, and abducted a dozen or more women, who for the most part were willing to go.

/ He was a California Don Juan. The frontiersmen knew now whether to fear their lives, their herds, or their wives and daughters. Murders, horse thieving and love episodes alternated in the career of the bandit. He has been the leader of several bands of which he has finally remained the sole survivor. A thousand hair breadth escapes seemed to prove that he possessed a charmed life. His first murder was committed at 10, on account of a woman, and he was finally trapped through a fondness for their company. His life of crime lasted for 29 years, though he was but 36 at his execution. His name will be a household word in California for a generation.

Subjects: Animals / Reptiles, Barber / Hair, Children, Crime, Criminals, Etiquette, Executions and Executioners, Gangs, Horses, Households, Kidnapping, Luck, Marriage and Elopement, Murder, Robbers and Outlaws, Seduction, Women, Europe

Posted by stew - Mon, Dec 1, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, March 29, 1875
News of the week

The police of Lynn have broken up a gang of 5 youthful burglars, between the ages of 10 and 14, who have committed numerous petty robberies in that city for some time past.

Subjects: Children, Crime, Criminals, Gangs, Juvenile Delinquents, Massachusetts, Police, Robbers and Outlaws

Posted by stew - Fri, May 26, 2006

Gazette & Courier - Monday, February 8, 1875
Murder of two college graduates

Murder of two college graduates - A recent issue of the Nashua, N.H. Telegraph gives the particulars of the alleged murder in Louisiana of two graduates of Dartmouth College. The two men, it says, were college mates, one V.B. Long, a talented, strong-hearted young man graduated in 1858; the other Frank W. Perkins, was still in college when the rebellion broke out, and at the first call for troops enlisted, and went with the Second Regiment to battle for his country. He was the first soldier Dartmouth sent to the war. When the war closed, Long, having read law and been admitted to the bar, was in New Orleans, and for a time his friends in the north heard of him as justifying all the bright promise of his college days. Afterward he was appointed to a judicial position in the city. Still later the news came that he had committed suicide by cutting his throat in his own office. This report in time reached his old friend Perkins, who by his ability and integrity, had come to be the agent of a line of steamships, running between St. Louis and New Orleans, and he went to New Orleans to investigate...He was there murdered in cold blood by members of the White League organization...There he offered a reward for the arrest and conviction of those who had committed the murder...In less than a week he was hunted down and shot...

Subjects: Charlemont (MA), Clubs, Courts, Crime, Criminals, Economics, Education, Gangs, Law and Lawyers, Literature / Web Pages, Murder, New Hampshire, Police, Racism, Sales, Suicide, Telegraphs / Telephones, Transportation, Urbanization / Cities, War / Weaponry, Work

Posted by stew - Sun, May 7, 2006

Gazette & Courier - Monday, February 8, 1875
Singular circumstance

Singular circumstance - In 1747, a man was http://wesley.nnu.ed...701-0800/HDM0712.PDF broken alive on the wheel at Orleans for a highway robbery; and not having friends to bury his body, when the executioner concluded he was dead, he was given to a surgeon, who had him carried to his anatomical theater as a subject to lecture on. The thighs, legs and arms of this unhappy wretch had been broken, yet, on the surgeons coming to examine him he found him reviving, and by the application of proper cordials he was soon brought to his speech. The surgeon and his pupils, moved by the sufferings and solicitations of the robber, determined on attempting the cure; but he was so mangled that his two thighs and one of his arms were amputated. Notwithstanding this mutilation and the loss of blood, he recovered, and in this situation the surgeon by his own desire, had him conveyed in a cart 50 leagues from Orleans, where as he said, he intended to gain his living by begging. His situation was on the road side, close by a wood, and his deplorable condition excited compassion from all who saw him. In his youth he had served in the army, and he now passed for a soldier who had lost his limbs by a cannon shot. A drover returning from market, where he had been selling cattle, was solicited by the robber for charity; and being moved by compassion, threw him a piece of silver. "Alas!" said the robber, "I cannot reach it; you see I have neither arms or legs", for he had concealed his arm, which had been preserved behind his back, "so for the sake of heaven put your charitable donation into my pouch". The drover approached him, and as he stooped to reach up the money, the sun shining, he saw a shadow on the ground which caused him to look up, when he perceived the arm of the beggar elevated over his head and his hand grasping a short iron bar. He arrested the blow in its descent and seizing the robber, carried him to his cart, into which having thrown him, he drove off to the next town, which was very near, and brought his prisoner before a magistrate. On searching him a whistle was found in his pocket which naturally induced a suspicion that he had accomplices in the wood; the magistrate therefore instantly ordered a guard to the place where the robber had been seized, and they arrived within half an hour after the murder of the drover had been attempted. The guard having concealed themselves behind different trees, the whistle was blown, the sound of which was remarkably shrill and loud, and another whistle was heard from under ground, 3 men at the same instant rising from the midst of a bushy clump of brambles and other dwarf shrubs. The soldiers fired on them and they fell. The bushes were searched and a descent discovered into a cave. Here were found 3 young girls and a boy. the girls were kept for the office of servants and the purpose of lust; the boy, scarcely 12 years of age, was son to one of the robbers. The girls in giving evidence deposed that they had lived 3 years in the cave, that they had been kept there by force from the time of their captivity; that dead bodies were frequently carried into the cave, stripped and buried; and that the old soldier was carried out every dry day and set by the road side for 2 or 3 hours. On this evidence the murdering mendicant was condemned to suffer a second execution on the wheel. As but one arm remained, it was to be broken by several strokes in several places, and a coup de grace being denied, he lived in torture for near 5 days. When dead his body was burnt to ashes and strewed before the winds of heaven.

Subjects: Animals / Reptiles, Astronomy, Charity, Children, Courts, Crime, Criminals, Curiosities and Wonders, Economics, Education, Executions and Executioners, Family, Fires, French, Gangs, History, Kidnapping, Liquors, Medical Personnel, Medicine / Hospitals, Mourning Customs, Murder, Noise, Obituaries, Prisons

Posted by stew - Fri, Apr 21, 2006

Gazette & Courier - Monday, February 1, 1875
(Hoosac Tunnel) A band of 13 Warm Springs Indians went through

(Hoosac Tunnel) A band of 13 http://www.npaihb.or...ndians%20Profile.htm Warm Springs Indians went through the tunnel Tues. en route for Shelburne Falls, where they were to perform, and improved the opportunity to give the workmen who were laying the track a good scare. When a few rods from a party of workmen, the red skins set up a regular Indian war whoop, and as the hideous yells resounded along the dark passage, the affrighted laborers dropped their tools and ran, thinking the old Nick himself had come for them.

Subjects: Charlemont (MA), Gangs, Hoosac Tunnel (MA), Jokes, Native Americans, Noise, Racism, Religion, Shelburne and Shelburne Falls (MA), Show Business, Trains, War / Weaponry, Work

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