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Revised list of topics
Revised list of topics

Revised Jan. 10, 2009

Welcome to the list of topics. You can call them subject headings or tags - they offer you another method of searching the Franklin County Publication Archive site. Interested in accident victims in Athol? Click on the tag below for Accident Victims and find a list of articles dating from Jan. 1, 1870 to August , 1875. Once on the page of articles, then use your Find command to  pull up all articles mentioning Athol.

The search engine is being revamped by the wonderful and highly overworked Mik Muller. Once it is completed, you will be able to search for multiple subjects or terms by simply dividing terms with a comma in the search box. Example: Jones, Deerfield, Births   That should give you a nice listing of all Joneses born in Deerfield during the time period mentioned above. Another way to search it will be to choose the terms Deerfield and Births from the drop down box and add Jones to the search box. Voila!

ACCIDENT VICTIMS     Here reside the fatalities, not the regular every day deaths. Industrial accidents, drownings, death by fire, train, loose circus animals, accidental shootings, and freak accidents.

     Much more run of the mill stuff here, and not even fatal, at least in most cases. Many of these articles concern runaway horses, falls and narrow escapes.

   One of my favorite sections. Classified ads are also included here.

   Everything is covered here. Articles deal with slavery, racism, lynchings, and the like, but it is noteworthy to see that many articles are not racist in content.

AMUSEMENTS  is kind of a catch-all, but primarily concerns fun stuff done for amusement - picnics, parades, croquet games, tableaux, taffy pulling, sleigh rides, masquerade parties, sociables, shadow pantomimes - you get the idea.

ANIMALS / REPTILES  From the barnyard to the circus, to the hunted, to cats and dogs. Horses have their own category. I regret now that I did not create a subject heading for cruelty to animals, but those articles are also included here.

ARABS  Exotic stuff here. Turkey, Palestine, harems, whirling dervishes, reflecting the fascination for the Middle East and all its customs and traditions in the 1870s.

  is a mixed bag of accidental findings - like the dinosaur footprints in the Connecticut River bed in Turners Falls, to old burial sites of Native Americans [which were treated with appalling lack of respect]. "Humbugs" like the Cardiff giant are also included here, as well as accidental finding of treasure.

ARCHITECTURE / CONSTRUCTION  Styles of buildings, as well as the building of houses, larger buildings, bridges, train tracks, etc.

ART    contains the sublime, and the mundane. Famous statues and portraits are always being commissioned. It was also during this time period that art classes began to be required in the schools.


    Post Lincoln.

ASTRONOMY   Rare astronomical events, aurora borealis, miracles, meteors, solar eclipses - and the more mundane, references to the sun, moon, stars, planets, etc.


   includes not only the establishment itself, but also all references to hair, wigs, bald heads, medicine to grow hair, hair dyes, etc.

   Pretty much portrayed as den of iniquities. The Gazette & Courier is very much pro temperance.



   Anything drinkable. Includes water, milk, soda, coffee, tea, cider, as well as beer, liquor, etc.

BICYCLES AND BICYCLING - The craze hasn’t hit yet.  When it does, though, we’re on top of it!

BIRDS   All kinds of birds, many articles related to hunting. Hen stories abound as well, with some hens laying eggs that are 8 inches wide! [I pity the poor bird].

   A really sad section, since birth control in this time period only relates to mothers killing their newborns, to botched illegal abortions, etc.

   Are prolific. Many names, usually only of the proud father, are repeated each year. Of course the matching obituaries contain many of these infants as well. All cases of multiple births worldwide are listed.


   Free bridges, toll bridges, railroad bridges, etc.

   Any new business, old business, capitalist venture, etc. is covered.

    Women are people too!


CANALS - past their heydey (1830’s and 40’s) but still around and of interest.

CARICATURES AND CARTOONS - Haven’t started yet but I am awaiting them with great anticipation.


CHARITY   One of the main reasons fraternal clubs and organizations came into being.


  Only the very worst cases ever make it into print.

CHILDREN - They’re everywhere of course - families are huge, 15 children being a normal size. But the youth culture has not taken hold - one mostly hears about children having accidents or dying, or around Christmas time, or in school.

CHINA AND CHINESE   None locally as yet, but plenty of interest in the national news.

CIRCUS - One of my favorite sections. The hype, the sound, the fun! The ads are exceptional.

CLUBS   There are clubs for everything; they serve a major community function. Remember, no TV’s, no radios, etc.




CONNECTICUT RIVER - The important one. All others are in one section entitled RIVERS.

CONSERVATION OF NATURAL RESOURCES - Hasn’t dawned on them too much, even though they are familiar with Thoreau’s work.

   Base ball games (we call ’em baseball) becoming popular. Bets and wagers always a part of our society. We’ve got walking contests, horse races, tobacco stripping contests, girls splitting hard wood slabs, which hen can lay the biggest egg, who can grow the tallest corn stalk, etc.


- Soaps, hairdyes, perfumes, face creams, etc.

COURTS  One of the largest sections. Look here for all criminal activity.

- The path of true love did not run smoothly, even in the old days. Poems and stories abound, even personal ads (very high-toned ones, of course). Murders and scandals are not uncommon, as well.

- Ah crime! There’s some of everything here, some of it salacious, much of it fines for drunkenness.

- Not everyone who commits a crime is a criminal. I reserved this area for people like serial poisoners, bank robbers, desperados, outlaws [like Red-Handed Dick and Henry Berry Lowery].

CULTS - Oh yes, they existed back then, and were just as troublesome. Read about Adventists, proponents of Free Loveism, Millerism, the Shakers, the Christian Israelites, the Nazarites, and the Howling Dervishes [Hmm, great name for a rock band].

is a great catchall section, and one of my favorites [of course]. Here you will read about human and animal abnormalities - a youth with three legs and four feet, a lizard living in a man’s stomach, a three horned and three eyed ox, a living skeleton, a four legged chicken - well, you get the idea ;-).

- Very important to Greenfield and Turners Falls history.

DANCE - Many kinds of dancing available for the young and the old. From Balls to Belly Dancers.


- We always have them. However, they don’t have the immediacy that they do nowadays in today’s news. Read about the great Chicago fire of 1871, the great Boston fire of 1872, shipwrecks, earthquakes, floods and explosions.

DISEASES - We’ve got a million of ’em.

- the Court makes you jump through hoops, wait years, etc., but divorces do happen.

DREAMS AND SLEEP - Sleep and sleep disorders also included here.

- From sulphuric ether, to tobacco, chloral, opium and laudanum.



ECONOMICS - Not one of my favorite subjects, but you will find here any articles about money, banks, every day economics, etc.

- a special place for UMass, then the Agricultural College.

ELECTIONS - only the major ones.

EMIGRATION AND IMMIGRATION - New England still pretty unhomogenous, but there are sections about German, Chinese and Irish migrations.

- Still a strong connection to the homeland.


ETIQUETTE - Always a topic of interest for the Victorians.


EXECUTIONS AND EXECUTIONERS - A morbid but interesting section.

EXPLORERS - A great time period for exploration. We have Dr. Livingston, Arctic explorers, and more.

EYE - Blindness, accidents, eyeglasses, sore eyes, etc.

FAIRS - held bout once a week - the favorite moneymaker of the women’s church groups. Then there’s the County Fairs, which are covered as thoroughly as possible.

FAMILY - Family reunions, loving families, insane families, incest, and more. Very useful for genealogists.

FARMERS AND FARMING - A hot topic in the 19th century. Also covers tobacco and fertilizers.

- A fun section. Sunbonnets, French kid gloves, waterproof dress goods, garters, corsets, wigs, demi-trains, false insteps, shawls, plaid poplins, striped stockings, chignons, Chinese grass cloth, kilting, etc.

FIRES - There are so many, and so few ways to put them out, that it’s a wonder that any buildings survived the 19th century at all. I had to be very exclusive, and only cover those fires of local and international interest.

FISHES AND FISHING - You can get a barrel of oysters delivered right to your door, andthey are "the" Sunday breakfast.

FLOODS - Also quite prevalent.

FOOD - For the gourmet and the every day eater. This section is large and all inclusive. Includes some recipes and all restaurant ads.

FREEMASONRY - A group deserving of their own section.

- Many influences here, from the Mansard or "French" roofs, stationary, corsets, pottery, jewelry, the Franco-Prussian War, etc.

- Wooden items, [and what wood! Black walnut, solid ash, walnut, chestnut] beds and sofas [occasionally covered with haircloth], and some interesting articles about Gardner, Mass., the "chair capital of the world".

GAMBLING - One of the oldest vices. Chinese gambling houses, dog-pits, bets, every day chance taking.

GANGS - Not the Bloods and the Crips, but the homegrown Tough End boys, roughs and rowdies, brigands and juvenile delinquents.

GARBAGE - Remember that this is pre-plastic (in most respects) and that the necessity for community trash dumps is not an issue yet. Most, or all farmers, keep an iron and glass scrap heap somewhere in the back forty - a practice which still occurs today. Some articles do concern garbage - rubbish littering the streets, a city without sewers, ash barrels, etc.

GAYS - ah, this is a tough but rewarding section, where I’ve had to "read between the lines" quite a bit. Included here are men who dressed as women, and women who dressed as men [with the understanding that, especially in women’s cases, this could have been done for economic and other reasons]. Famous figures like Oscar Wilde, Susan B. Anthony and Anna Dickinson are the meat and potatoes of this section.

- one of the more recent additions, includes topographical surveys, maps, tourist type articles, etc.

GERMANS - Nice to see this ethnic group portrayed in such a positive light. Local Germans are hard working, athletic, happy, beer drinkers who do not get drunk, like to compete in gymnastic contests, love to dance, etc.


GLASS - a particular favorite of mine, since I dig for, and collect old glass embossed bottles. Bottles, window glass, demi-johns, looking glasses, etc. As time allows, I will scan in some of my "dug" antique bottles for your viewing pleasure.

- usually Presidents, Congress, and taxes, new states and territories. Many other government related articles will be found under POLITICS.



GYPSIES - always a few passing through, telling fortunes, trading horses, stealing chickens, and kidnapping local children.

HAMPSHIRE & HAMPDEN COUNTIES (MA)    A catch all section for all those towns not privileged to be in Franklin County, and yet covered fairly thoroughly here. So look for articles on Amherst, Northampton, and the Massachusetts Agricultural College (the earlier name of the University of Massachusetts).

HANDICAPPED - the blind, the deaf, the lame, the insane - all find a home here. Cork legs, poor houses and alms-houses, deformed infants, hunchbacks, etc.



HERITAGE ACTIVITIES - will come into their own a little later. For now, centennial celebrations are included here.

HISPANICS - another catchall heading. Latin American activities, as well as Spanish Peninsular items. This subject heading will probably be combined with LATIN AMERICA eventually.

HISTORY - well, it’s all history to us, right? But included here are items which were of historic interest to the inhabitants of the 1870’s - the early days of Greenfield, Deerfield, and Montague; the founding of historical organizations, like the Pocumtuck Valley Memorial Association, and genealogical family histories.

HOLIDAYS - not much different from today’s celebrations. Of course the 4th of July was a maelstrom of fireworks and severed limbs, and Christmas advertising did not occur untilthe two issues before Dec. 25th. Sabbath Schools all had their holiday celebrations, complete with Christmas trees and a song fest, and Valentine’s Day had already started its decline into ignorant and joke cards. Washington’s birthday, All Fool’s Day, May Day, Thanksgiving, New Year’s Day, and Memorial Day are all represented. No sign of Halloween yet.

is rapidly nearing completion. Read about the 19th century version of the "Big Dig".

- I find this section absolutely fascinating. The vital importance of horses for all transportation needs is clearly shown, especially during the "Horse Disease"(Epizootic) of 1872. You either rassled up an oxen or goat, or you walked - in those places not accessible by train, of course.

HOTELS - There’s not that many of them, but they know how to do it up in style, and are a vital part of the town’s culture. This is the era when enormous resort hotels are springing up, and the concept of vacations are taking hold in the middle and upper classes.

is a broad subject; I mainly went by the rule of thumb of what occurred inside a dwelling. Houses were the domain of women, and so items made specifically for women, like sewing machines, find a home here. Hints on cookery and thrift, as well as kitchen appliances also find a home here ;-). Ah yes, the world of washing, ironing, canning, and child rearing.

HUNGARIANS - Why the Hungarians, you say? Well, this is one of those personal interest type headings, since I am half Hungarian.

ICE - a big business, back in the days of pre-refrigeration. Ice was "harvested" from local lakes, and kept cool in warehouses, to be sold in blocks throughout the warm months. Also included here are frozen over rivers and ponds, ice skating, and ice used for drinks and preserving food.




















Jun 30, 2022
Franklin County (MA) News Archive
The Franklin County Publication Archive Index

To search for a particular subject term, click on the highlighted link containing that term at the bottom of the article. For example, if you are seeking more articles about animals, click on the highlighted link which says Animals/Reptiles/Amphibians.

Article Archives: Articles: Freemasonry

Showing 25

Posted by stew - Mon, Jan 18, 2010

Gazette & Courier - Monday, September 20, 1875
News of the week

William Knapp, aged 90, died at Newburyport on Sun. He was one of the first abolitionists and the brother of Isaac Knapp, the original partner of Garrison in the Liberator. He was one of the oldest Freemasons in the State, and was Master of a Lodge 60 years ago.

[See the Internet Archive's full text of "History of Newburyport, Mass., 1764-1905].

Subjects: African-Americans / Blacks, Clubs, Family, Freemasonry, Literature / Web Pages, Massachusetts, Obituaries, Old Age

Posted by stew - Tue, Feb 3, 2009

Gazette & Courier - Monday, August 30, 1875

Dr. John H. Williams, one of Athol's prominent citizens, died suddenly Sun. from paralysis of the brain. He arose, but not feeling well, retired again, and on being called to breakfast, complained of dizziness, but came downstairs and lay on a sofa. He kept growing worse and medical aid was summoned, but death finally relieved him in the late aft.

Dr. Williams has long been a resident of Athol, and in his business and other affairs has established an enviable reputation for honesty and integrity...Of late he has been much depressed, and probably the losses which he has endured and the anxiety attending them were the final cause of his death. The funeral was fully attended Wed., both by the Masons of the Star and Athol lodges and the people generally.

Subjects: Athol (MA), Businesspeople, Clubs, Diseases, Dreams / Sleep, Economics, Food, Freemasonry, Furniture, Medical Personnel, Mourning Customs, Obituaries

Posted by stew - Fri, Jan 2, 2009

Gazette & Courier - Monday, August 9, 1875
Northfield Farms

Samuel Alexander, who died here on Wed, aged 88 years, lived throughout his long life in the same house in which he was born, and was in the habit of eating his Thanksgiving dinner in the same room. His father, who lived to be 92 years of age, also dwelt before him in the same house from the time of his marriage, a century ago. Mr. Alexander was a soldier of the war of 1812, and the oldest member of Harmony Lodge of Free and Accepted Masons. He retained his faculties till the last, and ate dinner at the table with the family the day of his death.

Subjects: Clubs, Curiosities and Wonders, Family, Food, Freemasonry, Furniture, History, Holidays, Households, Northfield (MA), Obituaries, Old Age, War / Weaponry

Posted by stew - Sat, Dec 13, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, July 26, 1875
News about home: Greenfield items

An effort is being made here to organize a Masonic Mutual Relief Association.

Subjects: Clubs, Freemasonry, Greenfield (MA)

Posted by stew - Mon, Dec 1, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, June 14, 1875
Shelburne Falls

The funeral of L.V. Putney Esq. [Louis V. Putney] was attended on Tues. aft., Rev. E.E. Lamb officiated. He was buried with Masonic honors. He died Mon. morning at the residence of his father Nahum Putney, after an illness of about one year. He studied law with S.T. Field Esq., and has been practicing with his brother William [William Bement Putney] in New York. He was 32 years old, had numerous friends, and was a young man of promise.

Subjects: Cemeteries, Clubs, Diseases, Education, Emigration and Immigration, Family, Freemasonry, Households, Law and Lawyers, Mourning Customs, Obituaries, Shelburne and Shelburne Falls (MA)

Posted by stew - Mon, Dec 1, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, June 7, 1875
News about home: Greenfield items

We referred last week to the fact that Republican Lodge was organized under a charter granted by Paul Revere in 1795. The first record book of the lodge is still preserved, and is quite an interesting relic of antiquity. We find that in the original bylaws the fraternity were subjected to very strict rules, as will be seen by the following extract: "Should any Brother be so impudent as to make use of any profane language or indecent behavior during Lodge hours, he or they so offending shall pay a fine of one shilling, lawful money, for every such offense, to be put into the fund for the relief of the poor brethren.

/ And the fraternity were instructed to be cautious, both within and without the lodge, that no reflection be cast against the order. They had a temperance clause in their bylaws, too: "If any Brother should be so void of shame as to disguise himself with liquor, or come to the lodge disguised in liquor, he shall be fined 25 cents and be dismissed for the night, and at the next meeting be reprimanded", and no brother was allowed to play cards or gamble. In 1820, however, we find that at a meeting where only 3 were present, it was voted to pass a bill of 18 cents for refreshments, which would cover the price for 3 glasses of rum; but that was a miserable allowance for those days. We find that as early as 1814, Hon. George Grennell, who is yet with us, held an office in the lodge, and a few years afterward was made Worshipful Master.

Subjects: Charity, Clubs, Drunkenness, Economics, Freemasonry, Gambling, Glass / Windows, Greenfield (MA), History, Law and Lawyers, Liquors, Literature / Web Pages, Poor, Temperance, Words

Posted by stew - Mon, Dec 1, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, May 24, 1875
Hampshire County items

A rare mine of last year's reservoir relics has lately been uncovered at Haydenville, where Superintendent Hanson of the cotton mill set a number of workmen digging over a pile of stones below the mill dam. From it they have taken an almost inconceivable variety of things - a steam engine and boiler, silver bell, silver cups, clocks, sewing machines, gold pens, harnesses, the brass shop bell, emblems of Free Masonry, brass pumps, shafting, etc. Pictures that have lain a year under the ground are quite distinct. A cut glass altar from the lodge came over the dam and was taken out whole from under tons of stone; a spy glass, too, was perfect, though filled with sand.

Subjects: Archaeology, Business Enterprises, Clubs, Curiosities and Wonders, Disasters, Freemasonry, Glass / Windows, Rivers / Lakes / Oceans, Work, Jewelry / Gold / Silver / Treasure

Posted by stew - Mon, Dec 1, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, May 3, 1875
News about home: Greenfield items

The Connecticut Valley Commandery of Knight Templars have received an invitation to attend the dedication of the new Masonic Temple at New York City June 22nd. This edifice has been in process of erection for several years, and when completed will undoubtedly be the most costly and imposing Masonic building in the United States. The public exercises of the dedication are arranged on a scale commensurate with the whole undertaking, and as it is to be participated in by the members of the fraternity from every State in the Union it cannot fail to be a noteworthy event. The Connecticut Valley Commandery have also received a cordial invitation to join with the Springfield Commandery in attending the dedication and have decided so to act. The Springfield Commandery and those uniting with them have engaged Brown's Brigade Band, 20 pieces, to accompany them. From 20 to 30 of the Sir Knights are expecting to go from here.

Subjects: Amusements, Clubs, Economics, Freemasonry, Greenfield (MA), Hampshire / Hampden Counties, Music, Transportation, Architecture / Construction

Posted by stew - Mon, Dec 1, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, May 3, 1875
Turners Falls

Mr. Henry C. Putnam, superintendent of the Keith Mill, was presented Fri. with a beautiful gold and enameled pin, emblematic of the Masonic order.

Subjects: Business Enterprises, Clubs, Freemasonry, Montague (MA), Turners Falls (MA), Work, Jewelry / Gold / Silver / Treasure

Posted by stew - Mon, Dec 1, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, April 12, 1875

A bold robbery was committed in Houghton's Block a few days since, the old Masonic Hall being entered, and a quantity of property belonging to Water Cure Lodge, I.O.G.T. taken away.

Subjects: Athol (MA), Beverages, Clubs, Crime, Economics, Freemasonry, Quacks and Quackery, Robbers and Outlaws

Posted by stew - Mon, Dec 1, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, April 12, 1875

A very pleasant gathering of the members of Athol Lodge, F. and A.M., with their ladies, was held in the Lodge room on Thurs. eve., it being the 25th anniversary of the marriage of Brother Erastus Smith. The eve. was passed happily with vocal and instrumental music, speaking, presentations, social chat, an abundance of fruits, confectionery, pastry and other "good things". During the eve. Bro. E.T. Lewis, on behalf of the brethren, presented the bridal pair with a fine table, and a lot of silver cutlery, spoons, etc. Shortly after, Bro. W.H. Amsden was escorted to the front, and to him Dr. Humphreys, on behalf of the Lodge presented an elegant silver P.M.'s jewel.

Subjects: Amusements, Athol (MA), Clubs, Cutlery, Food, Freemasonry, Furniture, Marriage and Elopement, Music, Parties, Religion, Women, Jewelry / Gold / Silver / Treasure

Posted by stew - Mon, Dec 1, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, April 5, 1875
News about home: Greenfield items

Found, a muff, shopping bag and Masonic pin. the respective owners can get possession by calling at this office.

Subjects: Clubs, Freemasonry, Greenfield (MA), Literature / Web Pages, Lost and Found, Jewelry / Gold / Silver / Treasure, Clothing

Posted by stew - Mon, Dec 1, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, March 29, 1875
News about home: Greenfield items

There were 27 couples at the closing hop of the series held by the Masonic Fraternity Thurs. eve., and a very appropriate finale it was of the winter's pleasures. The music was by the Orange Quadrille Band, and the refreshments served by Tyler Pritchard.

Subjects: Amusements, Clubs, Dance, Food, Freemasonry, Greenfield (MA), Music, Orange (MA)

Posted by stew - Mon, Dec 1, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, March 22, 1875
Who men marry

Who do they marry? A wife? No. They really marry business, pleasure, ambition, almost everything but a wife. By and by, they fall passionately in love with some pretty face, or voluptuous form, and straight way they possess themselves of the ideal. They own - they may think they marry - the minister may tell them they are lawfully wed. But he is mistaken, for the true married life must be lived, not merely spoken. There are so many mere spoken marriages.

/ In the block where I live there is only one man really married to his wife. They all have establishments - only one a home. One man is married to a lot of dogs; they are fine looking fellows, as sleek as good living can make them. When he goes away in the morning they go to the car, wish him a doggish goodbye, and then dutifully go home to await their master's return. When he returns at night they run to meet him and kiss his hands, and roll at his feet, and he stoops and caresses them. I often wish I could follow them home and see what fun and frolic they have indoors. "Love me, love my dog". What does the woman think of this? Another is married to his books. He is a stranger in his own house.

/ Another is married to his whiskey jug, and when he comes at night to his lodgings, his nose is very red, and he is apt to hit his toes against his heels. What does the woman think here? Another is married to anybody else but his wife. His attentions go the rounds among all the good looking ladies, while one poor woman stays at home and keeps the house and children. The neighbors say she is dying of consumption, but I say it is heart disease.

/ Another has married the lodge. He has invested all his capital in taking degrees. And now instead of the returns coming in he is obliged to pay interest on his investment in monthly dues, which take all his spare cash. This is the alternative, payment or ignominious expulsion from the craft. His house is going to ruin, and the woman looks shabby.

/ But the man who has married a wife. I see her go to the door every morning when her husband goes away; I see him kiss his wife as he leaves and then she goes in to sing and to tidy their home. At night she meets him at the gate, and he always has some petful words for her. When they walk out she lovingly leans on his arm. He is the only happy man in the block.

Subjects: Amusements, Animals / Reptiles, Beverages, Businesspeople, Children, Clubs, Diseases, Drunkenness, Economics, Freemasonry, Households, Law and Lawyers, Liquors, Literature / Web Pages, Marriage and Elopement, Masculinity (Machismo), Music, Religion, Women, Words

Posted by stew - Mon, Dec 1, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, March 15, 1875
News about home

(Greenfield) The Lady Washington Tea Party, to be given by the ladies of the Unitarian Society at Washington Hall next Thurs. promises to be a very pleasant affair. Supper will be served to all who wish to partake from 5 until 7 o'clock. Martha Washington with George in full costume will hold a reception, and it is desirable that as many guests as possible shall attend in dress of the 18th century, though people who desire to attend in modern dress are not excluded.

/ At 8 o'clock the floor will be cleared for dancing, and it is proposed that the first figure shall be the Virginia Reel., and that only those in costume shall participate. After this interesting event the floor shall be open to all who hold tickets. The Orange Quadrille Band, which has played so acceptably at the Masonic Sociables this winter, will furnish the music...

Subjects: Amusements, Beverages, Clubs, Dance, Food, Freemasonry, Government, Greenfield (MA), History, Music, Orange (MA), Parties, Religion, Women

Posted by stew - Mon, Dec 1, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, March 8, 1875
News about home

(Greenfield) The Masonic Fraternity and ladies had such a good party and good time at their closing sociable Wed. eve., notwithstanding the storm, that they voted to have just one more last dance, which will come off on the eve. of the 25th.

Subjects: Clubs, Dance, Freemasonry, Greenfield (MA), Parties, Weather

Posted by stew - Sat, Jun 3, 2006

Gazette & Courier - Monday, February 8, 1875
(Greenfield) Republican Lodge of F & A.M. have accepted an invitation from Athol Lodge of Athol to attend a Grand Masonic Jubil

(Greenfield) Republican Lodge of F & A.M. have accepted an invitation from Athol Lodge of Athol to attend a http://www.brynmawr....masonic/masonic.html Grand Masonic Jubilee , to be held at Music Hall the eve. of Feb. 18. It is expected that a large no. of the fraternity, with ladies, will attend.

Subjects: Amusements, Athol (MA), Clubs, Freemasonry, Greenfield (MA), Trains, Women

Posted by stew - Mon, May 29, 2006

Gazette & Courier - Monday, February 8, 1875
(Greenfield) The last of the series of Masonic sociables will be held tomorrow eve., those having the matter in charge thinking it best to change the night of the week, with the hope of better luck i

(Greenfield) The last of the series of Masonic sociables will be held tomorrow eve., those having the matter in charge thinking it best to change the night of the week, with the hope of better luck in regard to the weather.

Subjects: Amusements, Clubs, Freemasonry, Greenfield (MA), Luck, Parties, Weather

Posted by stew - Mon, Mar 6, 2006

Gazette & Courier - Monday, February 1, 1875
(Greenfield) The storm of Thurs. eve. interfered some what with the Masonic sociable, but those who were present made it a gay and festive party. There is to be one more to complete the series Tues.

(Greenfield) The storm of Thurs. eve. interfered some what with the Masonic sociable, but those who were present made it a gay and festive party. There is to be one more to complete the series Tues. eve. Feb. 9.

Subjects: Amusements, Clubs, Freemasonry, Greenfield (MA), Parties, Weather

Posted by stew - Sat, Feb 25, 2006

Gazette & Courier - Monday, January 25, 1875
Dedication of Erving's new town hall

Dedication of http://www.northquab.../index_page0005.html Erving 's new town hall - Friday was an important day in the quiet little town of Erving . The morning was a stormy one, rain and snow alternating, and the afternoon came off clear, in time for the parade to assemble for the dedication of the new http://www.franklinc...rving/everts/08.html Town Hall . Whatever may have been the opinion of the citizens of the town to the necessity or practicability of building the Hall, they are now all united in their admiration of the beautiful structure, which in the past few months has been erected in the heart of the village. Several town meetings were held in the spring before an appropriation was carried for the new building; and it was then decided by a very close vote. The first appropriation was $12,000, but at a subsequent meeting $2500 was added, to permit certain changes from the original plan and for furnishing the hall. The following gentlemen were selected as a building committee: E.H. Spring, http://www.franklinc...rving/everts/03.html Charles A. Eddy , http://www.franklinc...rving/everts/12.html M.F.B. Howe , L.L. Perry, W.F. Hanson. The land for the new building was purchased of Danforth Putnam of Orange for $1000. L.L. Perry of Erving was the architect, furnishing all the plans and specifications, and the beautifully proportioned building and its convenient arrangement attest to his good taste and skill. The foundations were put in by Morse and Ward of Orange. The contract for the building was let to George O. Peabody of Turners Falls, who has constructed several of the manfacturing establishments and large buildings of that place. The superintendence of this work was left to his foreman, Chester N. Tyler, and so faithfully has the contract been carried out, that at no time during the construction have the building committee had occasion to complain of any slight in the work. The best material has been used, and the building is a model of thoroughness in every part. Mr. Peabody's original contract was for putting up the building and finishing off the hall for $8400. He was afterwards given $4300 more to finish off two stores in the first story. The building is 50 x 70 ft. outside, two stories high with a French roof. The basement is finished with two rooms that are suitable for a market in the grocery business, and here too has been built a fireproof lockup for the accommodations of rogues or tramps. The first floor above is divided by two stores, 24 x 50, and connected with each is a back room, 29 ft. deep. The Hall is on the second floor, taking in with the gallery the full length and breadth of the building, and measuring 20 ft. in height. The floor is of southern Pine, the woodwork is painted a neat drab, while the walls and ceilings are beautifully frescoed. The stage or platform is made so that it may be extended or contracted. The hall will seat when filled, 500 to 600 persons. It is furnished with Morse's patent [?] manufactured at Athol, and a great improvement to those formerly in use. There are inside blinds to the windows, and a chandelier of 12 lights is suspended in the center of the room. There is nothing about the Hall but what has been dictated with the best of taste. The painting deserves special notice. It was done by the Bartlett Bros. of Turners Falls who employed Germans from Springfield to do the frescoing. There are two anterooms under the gallery. The upper part of the building, well lighted by the French roof, is unfinished. It is proposed someday to fit it up for a Masonic Hall. The brick work of the building was done by Campbell and Hazleton of Turners Falls, and the plastering by R.B.P. Wheeler of Orange. The building is painted a plain white outside, and was slated by a Mr. Johnson of Fitchburg. Mr. Peabody commenced his contract the 11th of July and finished it by the 1st of January, within the prescribed time, and what is more remarkable, within the appropriation, so that the committee find now in their hands an unexpended balance. It shows an honest stewardship on their part and corresponding uprightness in the builder. The building is certainly one in which Erving may take pride; for a better one for the purpose to which it is to be devoted cannot be found in the county, and it will meet a want that has been long felt. The ceremonies of the presentation were presided over by http://www.franklinc...rving/everts/03.html Noah Rankin , and were opened by prayer by Rev. A. Stowell of Erving. Next came a song by a quartette of gentlemen from Orange: A.J. Fisher, William P. Barker, A. Kendall and H.A. Leisure, while Walter Stone of Erving accompanied them on an organ. The singing was exceedingly good, and a very pleasant feature of the programme. The orator of the occasion, George W. Horr, Esq. of Athol, was now introduced to the audience. He announced the theme of his address to be "Towns of Massachusetts: their history in colonial times and under the Constitution of the State and the nation; their influence in shaping, moulding [sic], and perfecting a democratic form of government". He compared the towns organized by the early settlers with those of other countries where they are merely collections of houses with no power for self government. Here each [?] the primary organization was an independent municipality. Counties were here formed long after the towns were organized. He looked upon the instrument signed in the cabin of the Mayflower as the foundation from which was derived the system of State and National governance. The town of Erving cast a vote of 49 to [?] when it elected in 1832 Hon. Whiting Griswold a delegate to the constitutional convention. Erving was originally [?] or plantation, and was purchased in 1751 [?] by http://www.northquab.../index_page0005.html John Erving Esq. of Boston. [?} http://www.franklinc...rving/everts/03.html Asaph White , a prominent and wealthy man of his day [first settler in 1801]. From the record of 18[?], it appears that the total tax for town expenses was $34, and that Col. White, the heaviest tax payer, paid $4.54. The town now has a surplus fund of $900, {?] which is used for school purposes. The speaker [?] unqualified term...commendation...Greene's orchestra from Fitchburg...A letter was read from [?], the only survivor of the first of our town. She lives in the family of Deacon S.W. Dutton of Northfield, who married her...she recalled that when she came to Erving Grant 74 years ago there was no neighbor within two miles. Austin DeWolf Esq. of Greenfield was the next speaker. He had been trying out a road on Bear Mountain, and didn't know why they should call upon him, unless they were carrying out...Mr. DeWolf is the owner of extensive... Erving . He had had occasion look over the early records and maps of the township. He found that the Grant contained [?] lots of land...R.N. Oakman Esq. of Montague...H.C. Tenney of Orange...congratulations...Dr. Roswell Field of Gill... http://www.franklinc...rving/everts/08.html blessing ...

Subjects: Animals / Reptiles, Athol (MA), Boston (MA), Business Enterprises, Clubs, Criminals, Economics, Education, Elections, Emigration and Immigration, Family, Fires, Food, Freemasonry, French, Furniture, Germans, Gill (MA), Glass / Windows, Government, Greenfield (MA), Hampshire / Hampden Counties, History, Households, Inventions

Posted by stew - Sat, Feb 25, 2006

Gazette & Courier - Monday, January 25, 1875
(Orange) Masonic services over the remains of J.W. Copeland were held at the Universalist church on Sat. A large delegation of fellow workmen from the Gold Medal Sewing Machine Company shop, as well

(Orange) Masonic services over the remains of J.W. Copeland were held at the Universalist church on Sat. A large delegation of fellow workmen from the Gold Medal Sewing Machine Company shop, as well as from Orange Lodge of Masons, of which the deceased was a member, were in attendance. The remains were converted to Brattleboro for interment.

Subjects: Business Enterprises, Cemeteries, Clubs, Freemasonry, Households, Mourning Customs, Obituaries, Orange (MA), Religion, Transportation, Vermont, Work

Posted by stew - Sun, Feb 12, 2006

Gazette & Courier - Monday, January 18, 1875
Masonic dances

Masonic dances - A series of dances will be held at the Town Hall, Northfield, under the auspices of Harmony Lodge, as follows...masquerade ball...Ball’s Quadrille Band. Tickets for the course, $3; single, $1. doors open at 6 p.m.

Subjects: Amusements, Clubs, Dance, Economics, Freemasonry, Music, Northfield (MA)

Posted by stew - Wed, Jan 25, 2006

Gazette & Courier - Monday, January 11, 1875
(Athol) Frank Bannon has purchased the billiard hall in Masonic Block.

(Athol) Frank Bannon has purchased the billiard hall in Masonic Block.

Subjects: Amusements, Athol (MA), Clubs, Freemasonry, Vendors and Purchasers

Posted by stew - Mon, Jan 16, 2006

Gazette & Courier - Monday, January 11, 1875
(Greenfield) The sociable at the Masonic Hall on Thurs. eve. attracted a number of the Fraternity and their ladies. Powers' Quadrille Band from Orange came on the evening train, and dancing was kept

(Greenfield) The sociable at the Masonic Hall on Thurs. eve. attracted a number of the Fraternity and their ladies. Powers’ Quadrille Band from Orange came on the evening train, and dancing was kept up until a late hour. The party was a pleasant affair.

Subjects: Amusements, Clubs, Dance, Freemasonry, Music, Orange (MA), Parties, Trains, Women

Posted by stew - Tue, Jan 3, 2006

Gazette & Courier - Monday, January 4, 1875
(Hinsdale N.H.) 100 Masons and their friends recently had a dance in the American Hall, with the Fitchburg Band for music.

(Hinsdale N.H.) 100 Masons and their friends recently had a dance in the American Hall, with the Fitchburg Band for music.

Subjects: Amusements, Clubs, Dance, Freemasonry, Music, New Hampshire

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