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Gazette & Courier - Monday, September 13, 1875
The Catamount Hill Coleraine Reunion
The Catamount HIll Coleraine Reunion - The reunion of the present and former members of Catamount Hill, Coleraine occurred on Wed. Sept. 1. There was quite a large gathering of people, and the exercises which were as follows, were interesting and endorsed by those present: Reading of Scriptures by Andrus Shippee [also seen as Andros Shippee], President of the day, from Benjamin Farley’s old family Bible; Prayer by Daniel Davenport, an old resident of the hill; Hymn, Coronation Chronological History, by Dr. A.F. Davenport; Hymn, arranged for the occasion:
"This mountain, ’tis of thee
Land of sweet memory
Of thee we sing
Land where our fathers died
Land of their early pride
Aye from this mountain side
Let music ring.
Our native Mountain, thee
Land of the parent tree
Thy name we love.
We love the rocks and rills
Thy woods and towering hills
Our heart within us thrills
Like that above.
Welcome from Western lands
Thrice welcome in our hands
Ye friends of yore.
From distant home released
To mingle in glad feast
With kindred from the east
As wont before.
Let music swell the breeze
And ring from all the trees
Sweet memory’s song
Let every tongue awake
Let all that breathe partake
Let rocks their silence break
the sound prolong.
Our fathers, God, to thee
The highest praises be
To thee we song
Long may our lives be bright
Protect us by Thy might
Great God our King.
Family History, by Miss Emma Farley; Song, by Miss Gertrude Baker; Old Oaken Bucket, by David Cary; Sixty Years Ago, by Miss Nellie Ives; Dinner; After dinner there were speeches from a number of those present. The following is Dr. Davenport’s http://archiver.root...Y/2001-06/0991943526 address:
And it came to pass in the reign of George and Martha, that certain tribes of the people who dwelt in many parts of the land, bethought themselves that they would leave their birth right to their brethren, and depart from the land of their fathers and go into a far off country, and make by the sweat of the brow a more noble inheritance, both to themselves and to their children.
And there was in these days a mighty wilderness, and no man kneweth the end thereof. Neither did any man dwell therein, save a few of the wandering tribes of the Gentiles called the "red man". And these did neither plant nor gather into barns; only slay a few wild beasts with the bow and arrow, for they were archers.
And now in the midst of the wilderness arose up even into the heavens an exceedingly high mountain, which was fair to look upon from the plains below, for it was covered with mighty trees even into the brow thereof. And then did roam upon this mountain many wild beasts, but the one that did most abound was one which was very fleet of foot, and did prey upon the lesser beasts of the forest, and upon the flocks of those who journeyed hither, and was called the catamount, and the region did very much abound in rocks which were the fastnesses of these beasts, and there was a cave which did reach even to the bowels of the earth in which these beasts did make their dens, and so much had they increased and multiplied that they were a terror to the coming tribes of the mountains, wherefore that place is called Catamount HIll to this day.
Now the names of some of the tribes who first journeyed hither were these: Aaron, whose surname was Cary, Israel and Peter, and Amasa of the tribe of Shippee. Alden, who was also named Willis. Elihu of the tribe of Holden, and Paul, who was also called Davenport. And these said among themselves, come, let us get up and make some war upon the forests, and drive out the wild beasts, and make unto ourselves habitations.
And all the elders of the tribes said they would do so, for the thing was right in the eyes of all the people. And Aaron said unto Jemima, his wife, come, let us gather ourselves together, even from the middle of the Borough, and let us with our children travel westward, and they came and took up their abode upon the east side of the mountain.
And behold Hezekiah, whose surname was Smith, dwelt also on the east side of the mountain, even unto the entering in of the wilderness from the river. And their flocks were multiplied, for they dwelt among plants and hedges. And Peter went up and Amasa and all lsrael unto this mountain, and the tribe of Farly.
And Anan, also called Bass, went with Joseph, whose surname was Farnsworth, and they dwelt near together in the hollow according to their generations. And in those days came Paul and Alice, his wife, and they made war upon the wild beasts of the forests, and they pitched their tent and dwelt at the border thereof, where they cleared the land and had green pastures, and their flocks and herds were multiplied and they also begat children, whose names were Zacheus, Thomas and Paul, Daniel and Levi; and they also had daughters given unto them: Lydia, Sally and Alice.
And now Alice lay sick of a fever, and great fear came upon the whole household for she was nigh unto death. And Paul saddled his beast and did go for one Nathaniel, who dwelt in the valley by the river, and whose appellation was "Dr. Nat". And he came with saddlebags and he gave unto her pills of buckthorn and aloes,and the drink of herbs, queen of the meadow, motherwort and sarsaparilla, and after many days she recovered, and great rejoicing came upon all the household.
And behold Nathaniel found that she was fair to look upon, and he said, come in unto me and let us dwell together. And Alice said, I will go; and they went to dwell at the head of the meadow, in a house builded by one Artemas and Ruth. And now it came to pass after this, Joel, one of the Chiefs, and Zenas, the son of Cary, sent messengers to Nathaniel, and timbers of cedar, with masons and carpenters to build him a barn. And they builded it 40 cubits long; the stable thereof was 10 cubits, and a threshing floor 10 cubits and 20 cubits for a bay.
Now it came to pass in those days, as Aaron sat in his house, that Aaron said to Jemima, his wife: "Behold, our meal getteth low, and our children hunger for bread, give unto me! I pray thee a bag that I may fill it with corn and go to the grinders". And Jemima said, go do all that is in thy heart. And Aaron arose and went. And it came to pass as he was journeying homeward from the mill, the even was come and darkness fell upon the whole land, and a great fog encompassed him about, and his way was lost. And Aaron lifted up his voice and cried aloud "Jemima! Jemima!! JEMIMA!!!"
Now Jemimah heard the cry of Aaron and answered, In here am I. But he heard her not, for her voice was weak. So she straightway took a stick and beat vehemently upon the side of the house, and Aaron hearing the sound thereof hastened homeward. Now the sons of Aaron were Zenas and Levi, but Levi died before his father and had no children. And the children of Zenas and Sally, his wife, who were of the tribe of Maxam, were these: Charlotte and Mariettie, John and George, William, David and Levi, 7 in all.
But the days of Mariettie on the earth were as a shadow, and she was not, for God took her; and Charlotte had wisdom and knowledge granted unto her, and she came in and went out before the children and taught them. And the sons of Zenas were skillful to work in stone and in timber and in tilling the land.
And behold, William was wiser than the others about bees, and the queens of Italia, and did make unto himself a great name. And David, like one of old, was a mighty man and a slayer of beasts and of cattle, and behold, the flesh thereof he did keep in markets, and with it he did feed the tribes of Aaron.
And now after many days it came to pass that Aaron and Jemima, being full of years, died. And Zenas and Sally reigned in their stead.
Now Amasa, Israel and Peter were the three divisions of our tribe, who came to dwell in the hill country and they went even unto the top of the mountain and sought pastures for their flocks. Even over against the habitations of the wild beasts. And behold the house of Amasa increased greatly, and Andrus, Nancy, Jesse, Alvira and Jerusha, Henry, Chauncey, Nathan, Thankful and Kate, all these mentioned by their names, were the children of Amasa and Rhoda.
And after these days Rhoda saith unto Amasa, behold how our house has been multiplied, let us enlarge our borders, I pray thee, that there may be room in our house to dwell there. And this saying pleased Amasa and he straightway brought his cattle and his oxen, and gathered stones and timber and did build him an house, such as one as had not been there before him. He also made shingles of cedar and spruce and covered his house therewith.
Now Amasa was a man of great stature, even 5 cubits high. And Rhoda wrought fine linen and kersey, and with it did make clothes for her family and for Andrus, her first born. For behold, Rhoda was an helpmeet unto Amasa.
Now the children of Israel were Ira, Zovia, Azuba, Anan, Amasa, Catherine, Abraham, Israel, Martha and one younger called Darling. Now the children of Ira, the first born, were these: Delana, Dordana and Diana, and a son, a shepherd, who died in his youth. And Ira spake unto Dilla, his wife, to appoint their daughters to be the singers. So the daughters were appointed, and with their neighbors did often make merry with corn huskings and apple pearings [probably meant parings] with playing and dancing, making great noise with viols and with harps.
And it came to pass in these days that George took wives from the daughters of Ira, and went to dwell with Zenas, his father. And Zenas saith "Unto thee will I give the land of our fathers, even the house of Aaron, for the lot of thine inheritance" and he abode there many days. And George had exceeding much riches and honor, and he made himself treasures of silver and gold. Also storehouses for the increase of corn and stalls for all manner of beasts, and cotes for flocks, for God had given him substance very much.
And George prospered in all his works, and now sleeps with his fathers; and they buried him in the chiefest of the sepulchres of the sons of Aaron. And all the inhabitants of the hill town did him honor at his death, and Clark, his son, reigned in his stead.
And behold, Ira dwelt many years upon the mountain heights, well content with his lot. And one door of his house opened southward, and he was wont to remove his waistcoat and tarry long, even in the heat of the sun. Before his door, even near the steps thereof, the sweet-heart which Dilla had planted and watered waxed strong. And the sunflower towered high, even 6 cubits, and their fowls, their geese and their turkeys did gather in the shade thereof.
After these things it came to pass that Ira was stricken with a malady too grievous to be borne, and he died and rested with his father. And Dilla went to dwell in the house of her daughter, near the banks of the river; and in fullness of time she died. And behold, now the house of Ira was left desolate.
And it came to pass in those days that Peter saw that it was not good for man to dwell alone. Now Dorcas was of the tribe of the Pikes, and Peter saw that she was fair, and he said unto her: "Dorcas, if you love me less buss [?] and they went to dwell together; and they builded them an house near the brook by the side of a rock, and nigh unto the habitations of Paul and of Levi. And lo! a mighty storm arose and it beat vehemently upon the house, but it fell not for it was founded by the rock, and darkness was upon the whole land for it was night.
And lo! while Peter and Dorcas slept, a thunderbolt descended from the heavens and did rend the house, and even the bed whereon they slept! and behold, it did divide in twain the soap trough, and did scatter the contents broadcast over the house and the children. And the dog and the swine were killed, and grat fear came upon all the household. And Peter arose and spake unto Dorcas, his wife, "Come, let us arise and give thanks unto the Lord, for he has been merciful unto us; He has saved us from the mighty judgments of the Lord".
And the next day was the Sabbath, and many people gathered in the house of the Lord, and as they went, they tarried at the house of Peter and Dorcas, and with them did offer up thankofferings [sic] that they were saved from the terrors of the thunderbolt, and He had made their lives precious in his sight. And Peter gathered with all the people in the house of the Lord, and Myres, the Elder, arose and said "The Lord hath been good unto his people; yea, He hath showed a great mercy even unto the house of Peter".
So Peter arose and sang a hymn:
"God moves in a mysterious way,
His wonders to perform
He plants his footsteps in the sea
And rides upon the storm".
And all the people said amen. And the Lord blessed Peter and his seed was multiplied: Peter, Susie, Rolly and Fanny, Annie,, Josiah, Patience, Eliza, Paul, Silas and Mila. These were his children - 11 in all.
And it came to pass in those days that Daniel the prophet was joined to one of the tribe of Barnes, and her name was Patty: and Daniel was famous in his time as an expounder of the Scriptures, mighty in speech, and all the people came to hear him declare the truth on his day. And behold, he was sorely distressed, inasmuch as his substance was oftimes destroyed by fire, and desolation came upon his whole household.
And Daniel humbled himself before the God of his fathers, and the Lord favored Daniel and greatly blessed his household. And these were the sons of Daniel: David, Thomas, Alonzo, Orrie, Tirtious and Hiram; but the names of his daughters were Lucinda, Emily and Caroline. And it came to pass that these all went by themselves in families, some even to the four quarters of the earth, but David and Lucinda did abide near the house of their father.
And after these days Patty the Prophetess died, and Daniel lamented sore. But in process of time, it came to pass that Mary entered into Daniel’s house, and lo! there was restored unto him sevenfold in Mary, who was greater by far than all his former household. For since the time of the fathers there was not found the like in all the tribes of the mountain.
Now it came to pass that Abraham, the son of Farnsworth, dwelt in the house of Joseph; and after many days Joseph died and Abram [sic] reigned in his stead, with Dolly, who was of the house of Holden. Now Abram was a tiller of the land, and behold, he was barefooted on the top of his head, as was also his father before him. And it came to pass that Orin was pleased with Roxy, the daughter of Abram, and he took her to wife, and they went to dwell in the house left by Nathaniel; and after many days Orin died, and Roxy tarried and reigned there.
And Riley, her brother, did dwell in the house of their father Abram. Now Dolly’s two brothers, Elihu and John, dwelt also on the south side of the mountain near the house of Anan, whose surname was Bass, and behold Anan had an impediment in his speech, and when he was old and infirm he rested from his labors; and Adna and Rebecca reigned there many years after.
And it came to pass that Abram, the son of Shippee, said unto himself, Behold, I myself am a man, and I will leave even the house of my father Israel. And he married a wife from the tribe of Farley, and her name was Lucy, and they builded them an habitation and dwelt on the north side of the mountain. Now there were daughters born unto them (but behold the son shone not his face in all their household).
Fanny, Jane and Nancy, Martha, Almira and Parthena were the names of the daughters of Abraham. And it came to pass that when men did multiply on the mountains, and daughters were born unto them, that the sons saw the daughters, that they were fair, and they took them wives of all which they chose. And one, a Levite, took the firstborn of Abram; and behold all the daughters were scattered abroad. And after the death of Lucy desolation came upon the whole house. And again, after many days, Abram was joined to another and went to dwell near the plains, in an Ashfield.
And it came to pass that Peter, the brother of Paul and Silas, said unto Polly, let us pitch our tent and dwell near the house of our fathers, for so it seemeth good. And now behold near by their habitation was a dense swamp, and Peter was a man of great daring, and he fain would have walked upon the surface thereof, but his faith was weak, for there was much water there.
And behold a great calamity fell upon Peter, inasmuch as his nose was divided asunder and one of his eyes were blinded by the kick of old Gilpin, and Peter was sore discouraged, and all his household; and he said unto Polly, "Come, let us journey into a far country, where peradventure we shall find greener pastures for our flocks, and a richer inheritance for our children".
And they went on their journey and Nathaniel possessed the land. And behold Nathaniel was a man of great stature and of large understandings, and he was wont to remove the coverings thereof, and to tarry long among the eels and turtles that did much abound in the meadow ditches.
Now the length of this meadow, and the breadth thereof, was exceedingly great, and in it were many islands, both great and small, covered with trees and shrubs, and with herbs; and lo, Nathaniel and Alice were wont to go out and bring in of the abundance thereof in their season; for behold Nathaniel was a disciple of Hippocrates, and was possessed of the healing art in a great degree; and he had vessels of wood and of iron in which he did compound medicines for the cure of divers maladies.
And now it came to pass when the harvest was ended, and winter drew near, Nathaniel spent the long evenings thereof making baskets of willow, and hooping the sieves which Alice did weave from hair, and did bind with the leaves of the flag. And now Robert, their firstborn, was skillful to work in brass and in iron, and to grave all manner of graving, and to find out any device that was put to him.
And lo, it came to pass that he was pierced with a chisel, and so were his days numbered. And now Nathaniel’s 4th son was called Truair, after one, a high priest, who traveled the circuit of the hill country. Now Truair did in habits much resemble his father; he was a tiller of the ground, and he bethought himself that he would journey in a far country, where he might find more fertile fields; and he bought a parcel of land where he spread his tent.
And there his possessions increased much. And it came to pass in the sixth month - the month Sivan - that he was cultivating the land, when lo, there descended upon him a thunderbolt; and he was taken up dead, and they buried him in the field of burial, in the land of strangers.
And now it came to pass that there was born unto Nathaniel a daughter, and her name was called Lydia. Now Nathaniel and Alice did set their hearts upon her, because she was their only daughter, and well favored. So Lydia dwelt in her father’s household until his death. And she did many things that were praiseworthy, for behold she was a woman zealous of good works. And after many days it came to pass that Lydia was beloved by one Emerson, of the tribe of Cary, and they dwelt henceforth with the Adamonians.
Now Ammon, Joseph, and Jason were also of the household of Nathaniel, and behold they were diligent in sowing wild oats among the rooks and the hedges, and even over the ridgepole of the houses and barns. And after they were well brushed in, it came to pass that they did leave their father’s house, and did join themselves into the society of the Odentologues. And behold they were skillful in the making of gold and silver and of ivory, and did make appliances of cunning device and workmanship, which did even eat and speak for themselves; and all the Edentulous did greatly rejoice.
So they were very diligent in repairing the crumbling incisors, bicuspids and molars, and in all that, pertained to "restoring the contour of the human face divine". And behold one went to dwell with the Gothamites, by the border of the sea; but Joseph builded him an habitation in the Norwood of the Connecticut. and lo, it came to pass, that the house of Ammon was sawn asunder, and again, after many days, it was joified and perfected; and the household of Ammon did rejoice greatly in that they did dwell in broader fields, even in the "valley view" of the winding Hoosac River.
And it came to pass that Levi was a shepherd born (not made) and behold to him fell the inheritance of Paul his father, and he took up his abode there, and did build him an house of hewn logs and timber. Now the house of Levi was more comely than that of Paul, inasmuch as it was broader and higher and was divided into diverse compartments for the convenience of his family. And behold Susan was exceeding glad and said, Come now, let us build storehouses for our flocks, houses for bees, and also for our cheese.
And now Levi was a man of great cunning and he was skillful int he hiving of bees, and their swarms did greatly increase and behold their household did flow with milk and honey. Now Levi possessed lands in great abundance, and his pastures did much abound in rocks and stones, and no beast could feed thereon, save that their noses were well sharpened. So their pastures did run over with sheep and with lambs, both great and small.
And in these days it came to pass that Levi and Susan did take in abundance of the first fruits of flocks, and of cheese and of honey, and of all the increase of the fields, and the tithe of all these things brought them in abundantly, and their coffers were filled with gold and silver. And behold Levi begat great honor unto himself, inasmuch as he tarried long to possess the lands of his fathers.
And it came to pass that sundry members of Amasa’s household did journey westward; and one of the daughters tarried just over the mountain, and was joined to one David whose surname was Ives. And Kate, the younger, did worship the son of Simeon the Myres, and again she was made one of the tribe of Benjamin. And behold after many days she did return to the house of her father.
Now Nathan did much resemble his father in that he was tall and of a comely countenance, and he went to dwell in the Hub, where he did dispense to the tribes thereof of the milk of human kindness.
And now Chauncey the brother of Nathan was exceeding tall, even 5 cubits and over. And it came to pass in the reign of King Winter, when he did give his snow like wood, and did scatter his ice like morsels, and his hoar frost like ashes, that one Barton did gather together all the children of the hill tribes saying: harken ye unto me, and I will dispense unto you knowledge and wisdom, and learning in great abundance.
And now much learning did make Chauncey mad, and so he did sit down heavy upon his seat, and low the teacher was sore vexed, and commanded Chauncey that he rise and sit down again. And lo, Chauncey did all that was commanded him in that he did sit down threefold heavier than before, whereupon the teacher did rend his clothes and he drew forth a raw hide and with it Chauncey was beaten with many stripes until the ire of his wrath was kindled.
And behold he leaped over the counter and seized the teacher by the throat, and held him down until he begged for his life. And behold they armed themselves with shovels and with tongs, that they might be defended against the assaults of each other, and there arose a great tumult, and all the children quaked with fear and trembling. And it came to pass that when the noise of these things went abroad, Joel, Zenas and Levi consulted together, and Mary, the daughter of Smith reigned in his stead.
And now Andros the first born of Amasa was a captain and a man of great might, in that he did brave the storms and tempests of the mountain; he was also a man of great courage and daring in that he did dwell many years nearer the lions than any of the other tribes of the mountain; even after all his father’s household had forsaken him and gone. Now Andros did search diligently among all the daughters of the hill country, but found not one who would do him honor. So he chose to dwell alone in single blessedness, and verily he shall not lose his reward.
Now it came to pass in those days that Alice said unto Emily, Behold, how sin doth abound, and the love of many doth wax cold. Come, let us assemble ourselves together, there am I in their midst. So they took their hymn books and journeyed to the old school house and lighted their candle and placed it under a bushel, but on a candlestick, that it might give light unto all the house. Then after Alice had arisen from her knees they did sing an hymn. And Emily arose and said "Behold, this is the house of the Lord, let us assemble often together"; so Alice lifted up her voice and said "Amen" and they departed to their own households.
And it came to pass that the noise of these things did spread abroad throughout all the region round about. And behold all the tribes of the hill country were greatly moved and they came together by scores and by hundreds. Now Haynes, one of the elders of the people arose, and behold he was like unto Saul the son of Kish, in that he was taller by head and shoulders than the rest of the people, and he cried with a loud voice "Brethren and sisters, hearken unto me". and a great silence fell upon all the multitudes and he said "behold we are all gathered together from near and from far, let us give thanks unto the Lord, sing psalms unto his name".
Now Daniel, whose surname was Dwight, broke forth into singing:
"My chains fell off: glory! I cried
Was it for sinners Jesus died etc. etc. [sic]"
And all the people said amen and amen. And Zenas, who was greatly beloved by all the people, arose and said "Blessed be the Lord God of Israel forever and ever". And behold he did free his mind of a great burden which lay heavily upon it in that he did tell to the brethren and sisters that "he dreamed a dream; and it amounted even unto a vision". And all the people gave ear unto him, and after he had sat down behold Alice broke forth into singing:
"Oh that my load of sin were gone".
And scarcely had the voice of singing died away, when Sarah the Prophetess, the daughter of Hanshaw arose, and as she spoke a great silence fell on all the multitude for she spake of one Joel who had been suddenly taken to his death.
Now all the brethren and sisters knew and loved Joel, and they did mourn sincerely for him. And when these words sounded in their ears, their hearts were filled with sorrow; and they expressed themselves in singing mournfully. And it came to pass that Rebecca arose. Now Rebecca was a woman greatly beloved, and all the people gave ear to her as she said "It rejoiceth my heart greatly to meet with the brethren and sisters, who have come from near and from far". And when she had sat down all the people said amen.
Presently Peter arose, and his head was white and glistening, and a halo glowed around it, and his face did shine even as the light; and he blessed God with all his heart and soul; and behold, all his kinsfolk and neighbors became as lambs for quietness. But Per was greatly beloved, and when he had made an end of his sayings, he sang with a loud voice:
"On Jordan’s stormy banks I stand
And cast a wishful eye
To Canaan’s fair and happy land
Where my possessions lie".
And after this Samuel whose surname was Brown, arose and opened his mouth and said unto them "Men and brethren, it is with me as with Naaman the Syrian, when Elisha bade him go wash in Jordan; yea, more, it was as if the Jordan had been frozen over, and he had been bidden to go wash 7 times in the river. But he essayed the task, and said "Behold I have been ashamed of my brethren in the days that are past, but now do I greatly rejoice to see them zealous of good works". And Nathan, the son of Burns arose, and all the people knew that he had somewhat to say.
And Nathan said "He felt somewhat cold and lukewarm" and sat down, and all the people broke frorh into singing:
"Come Holy spirit heavenly dove
With all thy quickening powers
Kindle a flame of sacred love
In these cold hearts of ours"
And now it came to pass that Daniel the prophet arose. Now behold he was a prophet born (not made) and when the spirit seizeth him, the voice of Daniel was like the balm of Gilead, even like precious ointment upon their heads, that ran down upon the beard; even Aaron’s beard that went down to the skirts of his garments.
Now after this it came to pass that the hour was late and Myres the elder arose, and behold he was halt, and like Samson of old his locks were long and flowing. And he said "My brethren and sisters, if any man does ought to his neighbor, he must go to him and make restitution, or he can never enter into the pearly gates of the New Jerusalem". and all the people said amen and amen.
Now what shall I say more, for the time would fail me, to speak of Sister Farley and others who through faith wrought righteousness and obtained the promise. So after they had sung an hymn, they all departed and slept. And as for the rest of the doings of the tribes, are they not all written in the chronicles of our memory?
Gazette & Courier - Monday, August 16, 1875
A voice from Sweden
American Chemists and their production appreciated by the professors at the celebrated universities in Sweden. Mr. Sachs, Sir - At your request, I have tested Hall's Vegetable Sicilian Hair Renewer, in my practice at the "Serafimer Hotel", and can say, it will restore gray hair to its original color. It is entirely harmless, and is a valuable remedy to use in such cases. P.H. Malmsten, professor of chemistry and medicine, Stockholm. [Ad says Hotel, but it is really a Hospital].
Gazette & Courier - Monday, July 12, 1875
A young lady of Indianapolis sought to impart the hue of health to her cheeks the other eve. when dressing for a party, and found the requisite bloom in the coloring matter of some cinnamon candy. During the evening her cheeks became very much swollen, and the poison soon after communicated itself to her eyes. She is now quite blind, and there seems to be little prospect that she will ever again regain her eyesight.
Gazette & Courier - Monday, July 5, 1875
News about home: Greenfield items
One of our town families became conscious a few days since of an unpleasant odor about their premises. They tried to trace the smell to its source, but the most diligent search did not reveal it. Meantime the stench became more and more intolerable. A carpenter was sent for to rip up the floor, and a mason to remove the plastering with the expectation of finding the carcass of a dead rat stowed away somewhere. But during these operations an Easter egg on the mantel was broken, and then the mystery was explained. The egg had become addled, and in its place among the household ornaments had sent out the unwelcome perfume that had caused so much vexation and trouble.
Gazette & Courier - Monday, July 5, 1875
Brief notes of a pleasant excursion
The Massachusetts Press Association left Boston on the morning of June 23, for their annual excursion. The party, including ladies, numbered almost 90...On this excursion two first class cars and a smoking car on the Boston & Albany road were devoted to the exclusive use of the excursionists...The sandwiches, cakes, etc. were neatly packed in pasteboard boxes for each individual, and were liberally accompanied with iced lemonade.
At Albany...there was a change to the fine cars of the New York Central Railroad, and we were soon steaming with almost lightning rapidity through the beautiful Mohawk Valley. The flat farm lands here are of an unsurpassing fertility. There does not appear to be an acre that is not under cultivation....The Mohawk runs parallel with the road for many miles, and on the opposite side of the river is the Erie Canal. The latter, which has been one of the great institutions of the Empire State for many years, appears to New Englanders to be a rather slow method of transportation. The canal boats, which we pass in quick succession, seem hardly to move, so snail like is the progress which they make, but what is lost in time is saved in expense. If it was not for the Erie our coal and grain would never approach the present low prices, and upon it has depended largely the wealth and development of the great Western States.
But...the day was fearfully hot, and our excursion cars were in the rear of a very large train; and the dust and cinders that poured into the windows soon blackened our faces, filled our eyes and ears, so that when we reached Syracuse about 8 o’clock in the eve., after a ride of 350 miles, we were a sad looking set, more like a band of miners from the coal region, than people who patronized soap and water. We were, however, nicely quartered at the Globe and Vanderbilt hotels and through the transforming influences of the bath, clean linen, and a good supper, were soon ourselves again.
The party left Syracuse soon after 6 the next morning, by the Auburn branch of the New York Central. At Auburn we got the chance to see the extensive buildings of the State Penitentiary, but did not stop for a close inspection of the establishment. A short ride brought us to the wharf at Cayuga, where we embarked on a small steamer for a delightful trip of 38 miles through Cayuga Lake...
With song and mirth the happy excursionists were soon on the top wave of enjoyment. At Goodwin’s Point a landing was made and the party visited Taghkanic Falls To reach the Falls we climbed a steep descent of a mile, under a broiling sun, and were hardly, when we reached the summit, in the most favorable mood to fully appreciate this wild freak of nature. These falls are on a small stream, and 215 ft. in perpendicular height, while the rocky gorge is nearly 400 ft. down.
It is a wild and picturesque spot, but at this season there is not a large flow of water over the fall. A hotel has been built upon the summit, within a stone’s throw of the fall, and it is quite a resort for excursionists and picnic parties.... Afterwards we landed at the beautiful town of Ithaca, at the head of the lake. the principal business here is apparently the transferment of coal. The coal is brought by rail from the mines in Pennsylvania and transshipped to the canal boats, which convey it across the lake and thence through the canal to the Eastern markets. Our quarters were at the Ithaca Hotel, a first class house...After a sumptuous dinner, carriages were provided for a visit to Cornell University.
The college buildings occupy a beautiful site overlooking the lake, and can be seen miles away...The college was opened in 1868, and everything about the premises is neat and new...The founder of the college, Ezra Cornell, Esq. endowed the institution with more than three millions of dollars...Our party assembled in the Library of the college, and were addressed by President White...It was the purpose of Mr. Cornell to found a university where any person could find instruction in any study, and well has his purpose been carried out. It recognizes no distinct religious belief, though its aim is to promote Christian civilization...
Upon the grounds an opportunity is afforded, as at our Agricultural College, for the practical study of agriculture. There is a carpenter shop, furnished with power and machinery, where students who have tastes in that direction can cultivate their skill in wood work. A large machine shop is fitted with lathes and a variety of machinery and tools, and we found here a dozen or more young men hard at work with sleeves rolled up, dressed in colored shirts an overalls, hands and faces begrimmed, just like "greasy mechanics".
Several valuable inventions have been made in this shop, and much of this work is put to a practical use. In the same building is a printing shop with a large assortment of type and presses...Cornell University recognizes the co-education of the sexes. Young ladies are admitted on the same footing as young men, and are advanced through the same studies...the young men, who at other colleges have been accustomed to practices that were vulgar and demoralizing have voluntarily given them up since the admission of the young ladies, and so far from the mingling of the sexes leading to unpleasant talk and scandal, as some had predicted, not a breath of suspicion of anything out of character had ever existed...
Before leaving the college grounds we were driven to Fall Creek Gorge a wild, romantic locality, where the waters of a small stream leap and splash over the rocks of a wild ravine in its mad course to the lake below. We left Ithaca at 7 in the eve. over the Utica, Ithaca and Elmira Railroad, the President of which is Gen. W.I. Burt, the Postmaster of Boston. General Burt had accompanied our party, and we were indebted to his kind attention and influence for many courtesies. On this road we pass through Elmira, and about 10 o’clock at night, in the midst of a drenching rain, arrived at the town of Watkins at the head of Seneca Lake. After a little confusion we were provided with carriages and driven through the pitchlike darkness up the steep ascent to the Glen Mountain House [See the NYPL Digital Gallery for great photos], which has been erected above the famous Watkins Glen.
There is no natural wonder on the American continent, with the exception perhaps, of Niagara Falls, that surpasses the Glen...Says Bayard Taylor: "In all my travels I have never met with scenery more beautiful and romantic than that embraced in this wonderful Glen, and the most remarkable thing of all is that so much magnificence and grandeur should be found in a region where there are no ranges of mountains...It is only since 1869 that the Glen has been accessible to the public...[A very large section follows about the Glen and its hotels. To be continued next week].
Gazette & Courier - Monday, June 7, 1875
News of the week
Dr. A. Morand, a South Boston druggist, has been for some time suffering from the use of hair oil by a no. of young women, prepared a decoction of gum arabic and sugar, which he delicately tinted and placed on his counters, and since one girl has used it, and had to cut off her hair close to her scalp, he has not been troubled since. [I don't know, does anyone else think this is a prosecutable crime? Misogyny at the very least].
Gazette & Courier - Monday, May 24, 1875
Illustration of a side profile of a woman with clear face and long black hair] For moth-patches
[Illustration of a side profile of a woman with clear face and long black hair] For moth-patches, freckles and tan, ask your druggist for Perry's Moth and Freckle Lotion. It is reliable. For pimples on the face, blackheads or fleshworms, use Perry's improved Comedone and Pimple remedy, the great skin medicine, or consult Dr. B.C. Perry, 49 Bond Street, New York.
Gazette & Courier - Monday, April 12, 1875
Whereas Death has removed from our Society and our Community, and our Grange, our much esteemed citizen, friend and brother, Ephraim E. Robinson, to whom as much as anyone belongs the credit of establishing this Grange, and who held the office of Overseer in it: Resolved...etc. The Grange is fast becoming a fixed fact. Meetings are held weekly and appearances are that it will be profitable to the members, both intellectually and pecuniarily. The soap question has been met and satisfactorily settled. A committee for the introduction of new members has been chosen, of whom Samuel Smith is Chairman, to whom all who wish to join him should apply.
Gazette & Courier - Monday, March 29, 1875
Hampshire County items
A few mornings since, a boy, Carey C. Ayres of Plainfield, a wide awake chap who is up to a trick or two when it comes handy, living with Merritt Jones in that town, was sent to the cellar for some soap. He returned very suddenly with the soap, but "soft soap" in his eye, as Mrs. J. thought, to be applied indiscriminately to herself and better half, declaring that he had seen a "critter". He clung persistently to his assertion, notwithstanding the laugh and blackguard he had to endure.
/ Nothing more was thought of the matter till the following morning, when he, with another boy, visited the scene of his fright the previous day, and the veritable "critter" of the day before asserted his authority and contested their right of way. then they yelled. Mr. Jones, still thinking of 'soft soap', was not very expeditious in going to the rescue, but arriving at last at the scene of action, he was astonished to find that the boys had verily treed a coon in his cellar! He was soon dispatched, when the query arose, how came he here? A close inspection discovered no possible place for ingress, since the outer entrance was closed last fall, and it was at last decided that his coonship must have entered at that time and had lain dormant in some snug corner, till the late warm weather had thawed him out, and he had just started on a foraging expedition. [Raccoons do not hibernate, according to more modern knowledge].
Gazette & Courier - Monday, March 22, 1875
What comes now?
Good molasses at 50 cts. a gallon; also nice New Orleans Molasses from the new crop just in market and all grades up to the best Sugar House Syrup; granulated sugar, 11 cts. a pound; light brown sugar, clean and nice, 9 1/2 cts. a pound; 23 bars of that good soap for $1; best kettle rendered lard in 5 lb. pails, also by the pound; best clear pork backs and some nice tripe; a nice lot of factory cheese ; another lot of those nice large raisins, 2 lbs. for 25 cts.; good coffee...also Gilles Crushed Coffee, and all grades up to the best Java and Old Mocha.
...Turks Island Salt; also coarse, fine salt and extra dairy and table salt in bags and boxes and by the lb.; and some of those best Spices, Saleratus and Cream Tartar, guaranteed to be strictly pure; a splendid assortment of teas, including 4 different grades of nice Japan tea...A new stock of paper hangings and borders; first quality of lime and potash; (keeps going). Allen & Lyman, Bernardston.
Gazette & Courier - Monday, February 22, 1875
Where they come from
Where they come from - by Olive Thorne [the pen name of http://www.harpers.org/NightMonkey.html Harriet Mann Miller ]. You’ll be shocked, I fear, when I tell you that your doll came out of a rag bag; her curls from the back of a goat, and her elegant china tea set out of a small hole. But what will you say when I tell you that your http://hgic.clemson.edu/factsheets/HGIC3180.htm jelly is made out of old boots, and your delightful perfumery from horrid smelling coal tars. You don’t own all the made over things in the family, either.
Johnny’s new http://www.bharattextile.com/dictionary/66 beaver cloth overcoat was worn out on the back of a beggar, and perhaps even played the part of a scarecrow in some farmyard, before it went into the rag bag and began to come up in the world again; and the http://www.adrynight...20Physiology129.html "Table Gelatin" which everyone in the family likes to eat, once did duty as skin on the back of a rat. The pearl of your paper knife lined the shell house of a modest little creature at the bottom of the sea, while mamma’s shell comb was the comfortable roof over a Sea Tortoise.
Your guitar strings were indispensable to the internal comfort of some poor pussy or unfortunate sheep, and your piano would be but a dumb wooden box, without some of the same internal arrangements of a horse. Your nice hair brush first saw the light on the skin of a hog, and its pretty back of papier mache came out of the ragman’s bag. The crinoline that stiffens the bottoms of ladies’ dresses was used originally to switch the flies from the back of a horse, and the mattress on which you sleep so comfortably served the same use before it fell into the manufacturer’s hands.
Your dainty toilet soap - dear me, how can I tell you! - was made of dead cats and dogs, found in the streets, and the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Almond "bitter almonds" which so delightfully flavors your candy came from the horrible smelling coal tar, while the choicest are as deliciously flavored with -- putrid cheese. The scent hairs of that offensive creature, the skunk, furnish some desirable additions to the toilet table, used for removing freckles and tan, and the dreadful stuff left in drains is changed into a fashionable toilet article, and adorns the face of ladies. To be sure these disagreeable materials have some pretty rough handling before they come out in their new colors. The old boots, for instance. They do not step from the gutter into the jelly kettle by any means. They go through a long process of washing and soaking in lye and smoking with sulphur, and steaming and boiling, before they come out white and delicate, and fit for the table. T
he coal tar to grow into perfumery goes through the hands of chemists, who treat it with I don’t know what dreadful chemical processes, and the dead dogs and cats are boiled to extract the grease, purified, whitened and perfumed before we use them as a soap. The doll whose ancestors inhabited a rag man’s den endured unheard of operations of washing, soaking, bleaching, chopping, molding, and so forth, before she took her place in the nursery to amuse the little folks, and the clay from the mud hole was washed and patted and whitened and kneaded, and baked and glazed before it ventured to call itself china, and take its place on the tea table.
The horse tails that stiffen the dresses and stuff our mattresses are washed, and soaked, and boiled and baked before we use them, and the intestines which make the voice of guitar and piano went through long processes of scraping, soaking in lye, and washing, before they were drawn out into the fine, tough strings you are familiar with. The rat skin which we eat under the name of gelatin first flourished as the thumb of a kid glove, and after being worn out in that capacity went through ever so many purifying processes, somewhat as the old boots did, before it ended on our table.
Nearly all the things that we throw away in [?] or even in our drains - the most disgusting things you can think of - are valuable, and after going through the hands of skilled workmen, come out in new shapes and have new fields of usefulness. The feats of old fashioned fairies, who turned pumpkins into carriages, and shabby old gowns into elegant robes, do not compare with these wonders performed in our work shops by rough looking men in shirt sleeves and white aprons.
Gazette & Courier - Monday, February 22, 1875
What it cost to paint a boy's nose
What it cost to paint a boy's nose - At Cleveland Ohio a few days ago, a very singular case was tried before a jury, the result being a payment of $100 by a facetious artist for the fun of having a little joke at a colored boy's expense. The suit was brought on behalf of the boy, named Alexander Coran, against Trompe l'oeil painting D. Scott Evans [also seen as http://www.famousamericans.net/descottevans/ De Scott Evans , or David Scott Evans, a master of Trompe l'oeil painting], a portrait painter, and the amount sued for was $300. The boy had gone to the studio about two weeks before to seek a job, and the result is told in the following words: Mr. Evans found nothing for the boy to do, but offered him five cents to let him paint his nose, and after a few minutes hesitation he consented. The artist proceeded to put a coat of red paint on the ebony nose of the boy that caused it to look like that of an old toper. The paint was skillfully applied, and the rubicund pug and rosy cheeks showed plainly that they had not been rouged by the hand of any mere novice in the art. Alexander Coran was then sent with his war paint on, to a young lady up stairs and told to ask her to take his picture, and the boy with him, to say that the young African was of royal blood. Evans also sent the boy to the studio of a fellow artist, and then with a note written by him to no. 23 Hamilton Street; but he first put another coat of carnation on his nose. The note was read by one of the attorneys. It was written in a facetious vein and stated that the bearer was of royal blood and an imp of fame; that he had a pedigree which was the color of his nose. America Coran, the mother of the boy, testified that he came home, and after she had recovered from her fright, she removed the paint by an application of soap and water. She went afterward to Evans' studio, and after talking a few minutes, was ordered to leave. The testimony in regard to the red nose was continued for some time, and the witness stated that Evans had told her that he could make one or two dollars on his pictures if he would have them taken. Reliable witnesses were examined on the part of the defense and said that the boy was improved very much by the painting. This improvement of art upon nature was not appreciated by the fond mother, and hence the suit. The attorney for the defense made a short argument, urging that Mr. Evans had painted the boy's face just for the fun of it, and that it was a very trivial matter. The plaintiff's attorney waxed exceedingly eloquent and gave a startling definition of the word pedigree, used in the letter and said it was an insult to send the same to a lady. The jury, who had remained spellbound during the making of the plea, were recalled to the world of stern reality by the voice of Justice Green and retired into their room, and after laying their heads together for a few minutes, they returned with a verdict of $100 damages against the defendant.
Gazette & Courier - Monday, January 25, 1875
The little grocer who failed
The little grocer who failed - "Mammy", cried Freddy, "I will play grocery store". After a great deal of counting, Freddy found he had 7 pennies. "Not much capital" said sister Nellie - she was grown up. "What is capital?" asked Freddy. "The money you have to buy your goods with - that is your capital". Freddy bought tea, coffee, white sugar, beans, salt, pepper, flour meal, candy, nuts, soap, dried apples, crackers and starch. But all these cost 15 cents, and Freddy had only 7 cents. Freddy arranged his store and put out his sign and just then all the older brothers and sisters came home from school, so that Freddy had plenty of customers, and his goods went off very fast, and he thought grocery store was a splendid play. Lucy said she would take the dried apples if he would write it down in his book for her, because she had forgotten her money. When the little grocer had sold all of his goods, Nellie reminded him that he owed 8 cents. Freddy began to look around his store for money, but he found only 4 cents. "Why, they didn’t pay for the things" said Freddy. "You know I asked you to put the dried apples down in your book" said Lucy. "Yes" said Freddy, "but I didn’t have a book, and I forgot it besides, but you might bring back the apples, Lucy". "Oh no I can’t. I’ve eaten them" said Lucy. Then Freddy found out the nuts and candy were eaten up too, and those who had bought them had no money to pay for them. "Well" said Freddy, "it’s of no use. I can’t pay that 8 cents, for I’ve only 4 cents". "Why then, our little grocer has failed" said Nellie. "Failed?" said Freddy. "That means I can’t pay it?" "Yes, that is it" said Nellie. "That it is, because I did not think about the pay when I sold them" said Freddy. When you are grown up a man, and have a real store remember these things. Don’t buy more than you can pay for. Don’t sell other people more than they can pay for. Always think what you are doing.
Gazette & Courier - Monday, January 11, 1875
For 25 cents anyone may buy a cake of "Cosntantine's Pine Tar soap" and that will cleanse out and render healthy many affected skins.
For 25 cents anyone may buy a cake of "Cosntantine's Pine Tar soap " and that will cleanse out and render healthy many affected skins. Salt Rheum, pimples, chapped hands, frosted feet, burns, fresh cuts or wounds, diseases of the scalp and skin may all be cured by it. Sold by Druggists and Grocers.
Gazette & Courier - Monday, December 28, 1874
Reduction of obesity
Reduction of obesity - An exchange says "Obesity is made the subject of an interesting article in the http://www.whonamedit.com/doctor.cfm/522.html Journal des Connaisances Medicales by Dr. Corlieu. Dr. Banting's system of cure consists, as is pretty generally known, in abstaining from bread, butter, milk, sugar and potatoes, taking about 5 ounces of beef, mutton, fish or bacon for breakfast with a large cup of tea without either milk or sugar, and with an ounce of biscuit or toast; for dinner, about 6 ounces of any fish except salmon, of any kind of meat exclusive of pork, and any vegetables save potatoes. Game, fowls, pudding, champagne, port, beer, forbidden. Another method is described in the article before us as tried by a physician, Dr. Philbert, who was himself the patient. At the age of 26 he weighed 310 pounds, and measured four feet ten inches round the abdomen. His sleep was heavy, his pulse regular at 72 per minute, his appetite and digestion were good. Having placed himself under the care of Dr. Schindler of Marienbad, Bohemia, he treated him as follows: Get up at 6 in the morning; from half past 6 to 7 take 3 glasses (6 ounces each) of the Kreuerbrunn http://www.marienbad...i-uk.asp?st=dt&id=54 Spring ; from half past 7 to 8, two boiled eggs, a cup of tea and a small roll; from 9 to 10, a http://evergreenreview.com/102/archive/fuzz7.html vapor bath daily, the first perspiration being followed by friction with a gloved hand and a cold douche; the second, by rubbing with a soft flesh brush; the third flagellation with a bundle of popular twigs [i.e. poplar twigs?} with their leaves on, then a second douche of cold water. On leaving the bath, rubbing the body with vinegar. After a bath, a walk. At 11 a.m. two dishes of meat or fish, one of vegetables, boiled fruit without sugar, half a bottle of wine and two small rolls. From noon till 6, a permanent stay in the forest surrounding the town, walk as much as possible without fatigue. At 6 a dish of cold meat, boiled fruit as above, half a bottle of wine, and a roll of bread. A walk after this dinner. At night, shampooing with soap, half an hour later to bed. Morning and evening 5 alkaline pills. The treatment lasted 6 weeks, at the end of which he had lost 35 lbs. He then continued the cure at home with the Marienbad waters for a fortnight, and afterward went to Fontainebleau in order to eat 2 lbs. of grapes gathered on the spot every morning fasting. At the end of 4 months he had reduced his weight to 256 lbs. and has since come down to 180 lbs., enjoying excellent health.
Gazette & Courier - Monday, November 16, 1874
(Bernardston) Hold on to your money! Until you visit the "Brick Store", if you want to get the finest quality and quantity of goods for it
(Bernardston) Hold on to your money! Until you visit the "Brick Store", if you want to get the finest quality and quantity of goods for it - where they have just received a large stock of new goods, bought for cash in market, instead of drummers, thereby saving from 5 to 10 per cent, of which we give the benefit to our customers. In groceries - two lbs. nice new raisins for 35 cents; good clean sugar for [?] per lb.; flour for $7 barrel; a new stock of molasses of different grades up to the best light colored http://www.bartleby.com/87/r1574.html Port Rico [also seen as Porto Rico, and Puerto Rico]; 11 different grades of choice teas. Also recollect our spices are all strictly pure and of good quality, and we still keep that Boston standard coal oil, always safe to use. We also keep the genuine "Downer's Kerosene" oil, direct from the manufacturers. Roasted coffee in the berry (which we grind before the purchaser), among them the http://dict.die.net/male%20berry/ Male berry , http://www.bostonstoker.com/Special.html Old Government Java , and Old Mocha coffees. A large lot of nice factory cheese. Soaps of all kinds have advanced in market, but we are now selling 25 bars of good soap for $1, and 12 bars of soap as good as Babbitt's for $4; and if you want to get a good axe, call and see us before you buy. Also dry goods. A new stock of shirting flannels and cotton flannels; a new lot of Ladies' Balmoral and felt skirts...We are agents for the celebrated Lightning Washing Fluid, which saves time, saves labor, saves money, saves women! and we sell it and the expense is no more than by the use of ordinary soap. Best Fair Haven Oysters, fresh every Sat. at the "Brick Store". Allen & Lyman.
Gazette & Courier - Monday, November 16, 1874
(Greenfield) William D. Marsh, an agent of
(Greenfield) William D. Marsh, an agent of http://archiver.root...Y/1999-05/0928013921 Amos Sawyer of Northampton, for the sale of http://www.alcasoft..../historycontent.html soap , put up at the Mansion House for 12 days, and undertook to play a little swindling game to defraud Landlord Doolittle out of his pay. When he was ready to leave he said he was expecting a remittance by mail, and then took his horse circuitously from the barn and departed. Mr. Doolittle sent to Sawyer, to see who was responsible for the man's board. Marsh told his employer that he had not stopped at the Mansion House at all, and produced what purported to be a receipt from a farmer outside of the village for the payment of his board. On Wed. a warrant was issued for Marsh's arrest. He was brought to town and will have his trial on Tues.
Gazette & Courier - Monday, November 16, 1874
All people would undoubtedly prefer a fine head of hair grown upon their own heads, to being bald, or wearing false hair, and it has been the study of many of our learned men to find a remedy to rest
All people would undoubtedly prefer a fine head of hair grown upon their own heads, to being bald, or wearing false hair, and it has been the study of many of our learned men to find a remedy to restore the hair when it has fallen out, and renew its color after it has become gray. Such a remedy has been found and is now offered to the world under the name of Hall's Vegetable Sicilian Hair Renewer, and the hair has grown out all over my head, and is now a natural brown. http://www.gencircles.com/users/jast/2/data/16588 Bartley Conlon , http://politicalgraveyard.com/geo/IN/JN.html Jennings Co., Ind . Personally appeared before me, Bartley Conlon, and upon oath, says the above statement is true. M.G. Butler, Notary Public.
Gazette & Courier - Monday, October 5, 1874
Ayer’s Hair Vigor, for restoring gray hair to its natural vitality and color. [Illustration of a young girl, with a multitudinous amount of brown hair, cascading down almost to her waist]. Advancing
Ayer’s Hair Vigor for restoring gray hair to its natural vitality and color. [Illustration of a young girl, with a multitudinous amount of brown hair, cascading down almost to her waist]. Advancing years, sickness, care, disappointment and hereditary predisposition, all turn the hair gray, and either of them incline it to shed prematurely. Ayer’s Hair Vigor, by long and extensive use, has proven that it stops the falling of the hair immediately; often renews the growth, and always surely restores the color when faded or gray. It stimulates the nutritive organs to healthy activity and preserves both the hair and its beauty. Thus brashy, weak or sickly hair becomes glossy, pliable and strengthened; lost hair regrows with lively expression; falling hair is checked, and established; thin hair thickens, and faded or gray hair resume their original color. Its operation is sure and harmless. It cures dandruff, heals all humors and keeps the scalp cool, clean and soft - under which conditions, diseases of the scalp are impossible. As a dressing for ladies’ hair, the Vigor is praised for its grateful and agreeable perfume and valued for the soft lustre and richness of tone it imparts. Prepared by Dr. J.C. Ayer & Co., Lowell, Mass., practical and analytical chemists. Sold by all druggists and dealers in medicine.
Gazette & Courier - Monday, September 28, 1874
Twenty fifth exhibition of the Franklin County Agricultural Society
Twenty fifth exhibition of the Franklin County Agricultural Society - Thursday’s cattle show - With the present year, the Franklin County Agricultural Society completes a quarter century of most successful existence. From a feeble existence it has grown to be one of the largest, and in many respects, the best society in the whole State...Every man, woman and child in the County seems to claim a share in this annual festival, and to have combined to make it what it should be, the great celebration of the year.
It has not been a bad season for our agricultural friends, and seldom do they find themselves in better preparation to contribute in all the departments of the Fair. Ceres with her horn of plenty has bestowed her sweetest smiles on the patrons of husbandry, so that even the tillers of the despised "weed" have cause to rejoice. Jack Frost has been unusually tardy, and the season prolonged as it seldom is in our climate, and the beautiful flowers and tender fruits were well preserved to contribute their important share in the attractions of the exhibitions. Of vital importance to the days’ success is good weather; and we are quite as apt to run upon the fatal path of the equinoctial deluge as not, with the chances a little against us.
But Thurs. morning broke clear and bright, and when the mists rolled up the mountains not a cloud obscured the sky, a glorious autumnal day - infusing life and hilarity into the saddest heart, and not far advanced was the morning before Greenfield’s streets were a scene of the liveliest commotion. In came flocking herds of steady paced cattle, their sides as sleek as thorough carding and good keeping could make them; loads of white-wooled sheep, meek and patient in their confinement, coops of turkeys, geese and hens, and all the other specimens of the animal kingdom. But what was of more interest than the rest was the influx of smiling faces. The old shire town may well be proud of the sturdy, honest yeomanry that dwells upon the fertile hills that surround our beautiful valley, for it is their thrift, industry and integrity that contributes so much to its prosperity, and its good name among the towns of the Commonwealth, and the city stranger who may visit our Annual fair, will be impressed above everything else, with the intelligence and high social standing of our farming community.
But we will follow the throng that is passing down through the gates of the Society’s grounds. Here the busiest preparations are going on for the day’s exhibitions...Perhaps the most noticeable among the herds upon the ground was that of Charles Parsons Jr. of Conway. He had 20 head of the celebrated thoroughbred short horns from his "Grass Hill" farm...B.N. Farren of Montague City, who may be classed among the gentlemen farmers, had a herd of 5 Jerseys - the two cows being purchased of F.L. Stebbins and originally came from Stoughton’s herd. One of them has made her 15 pounds of butter a week...H.C. Haskell of Deerfield is among our leading Jersey herdsmen, and entered 11 head...D. Wells and H. Wells of Shelburne entered 20 head of their high grade Durhams - 19 cows with one bull - and a fine looking string of animals they were too, giving evidence of the best of pasturage and careful rending. Their yearling bull is a promising fellow.
He is a descendant of old Northumberland, and the famous Roan Duke, and possesses all the leading traits of his ancestry and will make his mark. Zeri Smith of Deerfield too, had a herd of 20 Grade Durhams and one thoroughbred bull. His stock was all large and made a fine appearance. S.W. Hall of Greenfield is about the only man in the county who makes a specialty of Devons, and had on the ground 4 of his herd of 12. He claims that he can do better with them than anything else - good workers and milkers and can be well kept on very little feed. D.O. Fisk, who is always the most conspicuous exhibitor at our fairs, and carries off premiums in every class put down in the list, believes in a miscellaneous herd, and his stock includes everything. If a man wants a cow of any persuasion he is sure to go to Fisk’s farm and never is allowed to get away without a bargain.
One of a fine pair of steers thought to measure strength with a bull on the way to the fair, and of course came off second best, minus one horn. His herd numbered 10 head, among which were some fine Jerseys. One, "Pet", that calved in May, gives her 10 quarts a day now. He has sold her for $200. "Rose" is a graduate of the Agricultural college, and those who have heard Fisk’s loud talk against that institution, are informed that his prejudice or want of appreciation never came through that heifer. J.S. Anderson of Shelburne had this year 19 head of his splendid high grade Durham stock, that is conspicuous wherever exhibited, and they need no praise from us, for the fame of the Anderson herd is worldwide.
There were 6 cows that weighed from 1600 to 1800, a pair of 3 year old heifers, one weighing 1650 and the other 1550...G.P. Carpenter and W.W. Carpenter of Shelburne entered 27 head including 8 of thoroughbred short horns...Their "Mary Morris" took the first premium at the New England fair 4 years ago, and weighs 1800...Al Kellogg of Shelburne entered a fine herd too, and there were those who did not compete in this class, who were still possessors of notable single animals. P.P. Severance of Greenfield exhibited an excellent Jersey cow, 2 heifers and a 20 month old bull, "Rob Roy". Amos Allen of Shelburne was the owner of thoroughbred Durham, 1 year old that weighed 1156 pounds. William T. Peck of Shelburne has a likely 3 year old heifer that weighs 1420...John S. Taylor of Shelburne exhibited 2 thoroughbred short horn heifers, one weighing 1600 and the other 1380.
Oscar Bardwell of Shelburne had perhaps the most productive dairy cow upon the ground. She is 9 years old, weighs 1375 pounds, and in one week in May made 17 1/2 pounds of butter and the next 17 1/2, which shows that she would be quite a little fortune in any man’s hand. The town teams were about as important a feature of the exhibition as anything. The competitors were Bernardston with 20 yoke, Shelburne with 20, Conway, 15, and Deerfield 12. Bernardston deservedly carried off the palm. Her cattle were attached to a triumphal car, that was gotten up for the occasion at the cost of no little labor and gumption. A lumber reach had been extended about 30 ft. and upon it were arranged shocks of corn and wheat and specimens of every conceivable grain and vegetable, flowers and shrubs, and in the midst were a pen of sheep, coops of ducks, and barnyard fowls, and the whole a grand combination of agricultural products that was exceedingly appropriate, and produced a fine effect.
Among the heavy cattle in the Bernardston string were two yokes belonging to John Sanderson, who it will be remembered, raised General Grant, the largest ox ever produced in this county.[very blurry text]...Sheep, swine and poultry...The swine, too, were a very creditable exhibition. Our farmers are finding that pork can be improved as well as everything else, and notwithstanding the low price of late, it can be raised at a profit. We were particularly attracted by H.C. Haskell’s black Essex sow with her family of 9 pigs. There were several other litters of very promising young grunters, which lack of space only prevents our giving a "first class notice".
The poultry show was another good thing. Including the youth’s department, which was largely represented in this branch, there were 34 entries, a greater number of coops and a more extensive variety of fowls than were ever exhibited on our grounds before. They included the more prominent Asiatic breeds, down through the steady laying Leghorns and black Spanish, to the diminutive Game Bantams. There were several coops of ducks, but few geese and turkey. Prof. Stockbridge’s address - After dwelling as long as we are permitted with the Cattle show, we must now turn to the literary feature of the day. The grand cavalcade and procession which always figures on the printed programme came off (as usual) and the approach of the Greenfield Cornet Band to the grand stand, was the signal for the multitude to concentrate there to listen to Prof. Stockbridge’s oration.
When the assembly came to order, prayer was offered by Rev. A.C. Manson of Greenfield, and President Brown introduced the Agricultural college Professor to the audience. The subject of his address was the "Obstacles to Successful Agriculture in New England". It is undoubtedly true, he said, that different sections of the country have varying advantages for the farmer. The seat of commerce must ever be where the merchant will have easy access to the markets. Manufacturing will be pursued where cheap labor and power can be obtained, and where there is a ready market for the articles manufactured. So too, agriculture will prosper most successfully where there is a combination of favorable soil and climate, and an easy market. Paradise in the imagination of the farmer was the West. Where the location was it was hard to tell, but it was "toward the setting sun, where land was cheap and crops could be raised without toil".
It was the universal opinion that New England was not the place for successful agriculture. But one fact must be borne in mind, and that is, that it is upon the man himself that success depends...The farmer here has no right to say that his soil is sterile and old. That of old England was under cultivation 1000 years before the foot of white men touched our shores, yet it will produce more now than could be raised then. The soil of China was tilled 2000 years before the British Isles were settled, but its fertility and productiveness are far ahead of the latter country...One great evil was the owning of too much land. He believed in large farms for the larger, the greater the per cent the profit, the less implements and labor proportionately to carry it on. But a farmer should not hold an acre he cannot cultivate...The cost of supplying all the fences is an important item. If he had his way he would banish one half the fences. It costs the country annually $250,000,000 to supply and keep up the fences, or $1.25 an acre.
The rest of the farm under cultivation is taxed to keep up the other which pays no income...If a farmer gets $200 he salts it down, just as though God Almighty would not take care of it better in the soil than the officers of a bank. Improve your farms, get better stock, have confidence in your business and yourselves, just as the manufacturer does, when he adds another mill and more power as his business is prospered...The opinion prevails that everybody can carry on a farm. If a merchant fails in business, or a minister or lawyer break down, he goes onto a farm. You would not think of getting a green boy from a farm to run a spinning jinney, but the speaker believed that a majority of farmers were just as capable of running the spinning jenny as they were to carry on a farm.
There is nothing so delicate as the forces of nature in the soil, and the want is a better education and a better knowledge of the needs that must be supplied. New England agriculture was once the production of food and the making of clothing. Now it has changed, for we can’t afford to make the one or the other; we are better off to buy them. Out business is to make a crop for the market, something that will reach the demand. The manufacturing interests need the farmers, and the farmers need the market. We have an advantage in this respect over other options. There is nothing we can produce but will not find a ready sale. If the speaker was allowed to choose a farm, he would locate it somewhere on the sea board or the incline of the Alleghanies [i.e. Alleghenies].
There is here more enjoyment for a man, he receives more of the avails of his labor than in any other section. The address of Prof. Stockbridge, which we have endeavored to give the leading points, was eminently practical, and filled with good sensible advice, and was brief enough to hold the attention of hearers to the close. It was delivered without notes, and in a clear and distinct voice, notwithstanding the uproar around him of bleating sheep and bellowing cattle...with a few fine pieces of music by the band, the exercises upon the ground of the first day were brought to a pleasant termination.
Major S.B. Plinney, the visiting member of the State Board, did not arrive until evening, and therefore did not have an opportunity to see the stock, always the stronghold of our exhibitions. The hall exhibition was the crowning glory of the fair, better in many respects than any we have previously had. Superintendent Warner, who has always done so well in his admirable arrangement of articles for a good display, makes improvements with every year, and is constantly proving that he is the right man in the right place. In entering the hall, the visitor is fairly enchanted by the brilliant attractions that surround him on every side. But one to make a careful inspection is forced to concentrate his wandering gaze somewhere, and we commence by the door with the garden vegetables.
There were 10 entries in the department. W.L. Warner of Sunderland taking the lead with 102 varieties, and everything under his hands have apparently grown with the special purpose of taking the first premium. His biggest squash was a "buster" of 149 pounds, and no. 2 was good for 91 pounds. His beets beat everything out, and potatoes and "garden sass" generally were of the same healthy family. Samuel Stoughton of Gill was an important competitor in this department with 25 varieties. A.D. Smith of Sunderland, with 32 varieties and W.M. Wise of Greenfield, with excellent squashes, etc., and he is, by the way, the champion gardener of all this region, and makes his little patch of ground of an acre or so, bring him a better income than many a farmer’s 100 or more. Of the miscellaneous fruit, F.A. Fisk of Shelburne exhibited 95 varieties, and W.L. Warner of Sunderland, 92, and good fruit it all was, too.
But almost as tempting as anything were the peaches that reminded one of the days when this delicious fruit was among the luxuries of home culture, and not the bruised, ill looking and ill tasting import of Jersey or Maryland that we know it now. There were 9 entries, Amos Stewart of Coleraine, showing 10 varieties, and Joshua Hall of Ashfield exhibiting a platter of some of the finest we ever saw. The exhibition of grapes was not so poor as everyone had predicted after all. There were ten entries. The man who distanced all competitors in this branch is Jacob Steigleder of Shelburne Falls. How he manages to produce such fruit in the open air is a mystery many a grower would like to find out.
He had 28 varieties, and J.P. Howard of Greenfield, another well known grape grower, put in an appearance with 17 varieties, and another exhibitor of prominence was http://www.heywoods.info/c/Csurnames.html Israel Childs of Sunderland. Pears, too, made a tip-top show. the leading exhibitor among the 24 entries, was E.H. Judd of http://www.rootsweb....h/towns/southhadley/ South Hadley , the professional horticulturist, with 28 varieties. Hon. Alvah Crocker of Fitchburg sent up 40 varieties that were very good indeed, and Dr. N.S. Wells of Greenfield, who takes great pride in the fine products of his excellent garden, had 17 varieties that attracted no little attention. There were 13 collections of named varieties of apples.
W. Stewart and G.H. Stewart of Coleraine, taking the lead in point of excellence with 40 varieties, Joseph Anderson of Shelburne had 50, D.Wells and H. Wells of Shelburne, 31. and Samuel Stoughton of Gill, 26. Before we leave these tables we must not overlook the tastefully arranged baskets, a mixture of fruit and flowers the result of the good taste of Misses C.M. Wells, E.A. Fisk, and Mrs. C.E. Bardwell, and J.D. Fisk, all of Shelburne. We now come to the flowers, which were the most complete exhibition of the kind we have ever had. The entire space in front of the hall was a perfect blend of many colored blossoms. Cut flowers were arranged in every conceivable design, while pots of plants, shrubs and foliage gave the necessary background. Conspicuous were the contributions of Mrs. S.W. Boutwell of Leverett, consisting of arches of wild flowers, parlor bouquets, hand bouquets and collections of verbenas, asters, etc.
L.M. Hayward of Greenfield had pots of plants, cut flowers and verbenas, that truly entitled him to the first premium, which was awarded by the Committee. J.H. Osterhout of Greenfield exhibited a large box, containing nothing but pansies. Mrs. Charles Richmond of Greenfield, bouquets and pot plants, E.D. Merriam of Greenfield a century plant, Mrs. J.W. Buddington of Greenfield, cut flowers, James D. Ball of Montague, beautiful verbenas, Mrs. H.C. Haskell of Greenfield, a fine pyramid, while lack of space only prevents us to mention. Take it altogether; there was nothing wanting but sufficient money to be bestowed in deserving premiums on the part of the Committee.
What arrested the attention of the visitors to the hall more perhaps than anything else, was W.A. Forbes’ display of carpets. Taking the space back of the stage, he filled it almost to the ceiling, using hundreds of yards of carpeting of varied patterns, arranged so as to produce the most desirable effect. There was a heap of work in making the display, but the superintendent of the hall declares that he would rather have given $25 than have it omitted from the exhibition, and we trust that Mr. F. will be more than repaid for the labor by the opportunity it gave to convince the ladies of the county that they need not go abroad to get their carpeting. We are sorry to say that Mr. Forbes was the only dry goods merchant who made any entries at all.
Don’t let us make a similar record next year. One corner of the stage was occupied by J.L. Lyons, who showed a beautiful chamber set and other articles of furniture from his first class establishment. The different sewing machines were in a lively competition as usual. E.H. Marsh of Montague showed window gardens, brackets, etc. and G.F. Newell of Greenfield, window gardens and ferneries. Conspicuous in the center of the stage, C.M. Moody exhibited a specimen of his wonderful ingenuity in the way of arranging autumn leaves. In a frame 6 or 8 ft. long, and on a white back ground he had spelled out "Nothing But Leaves", forming beautiful rustic letters and getting a happy blending of the many hues of the leaves, set off with different varieties of ferns.
Mr. M., too, entered different styles of ferneries of his manufacture, with pictures and other articles from his store. J.D. Bouker had a case of picture frames and moldings, and another of fancy articles. Childs & Payne a case of the nicest toilet and fancy articles from their drug store, M.S. Fellows a case of boots and shoes, and Forbes & Foster a show case of silver ware of the most beautiful manufacture beside fine jewelry, etc. J.H. Hollister also made a good display of jewelry, and showed his wonderful mechanical clock. Popkins, the photographer, deserves especial notice for his collection of pictures. He put up a screen on which to display them at great expense, At the top of the collection was the life size portrait of Deacon Field of East Charlemont, and among the faces were many familiar ones to the people of the county, and all attested to the thorough skill of the artist.
Among some old ambrotypes that he exhibited was a likeness of General Newport, the venerable colored man who is honored as the originator of the Agricultural Society 25 years ago. William Wunsch put in a case of his fashionable millinery, Mrs. E.L. Hammond, who recently opened rooms here a case of beautiful hair work. Merriam had books, fancy articles, etc., and Richardson the caterer, a case of beautifully frosted and ornamented cake, confectionery, etc. The http://www.thetreasu...l?noframes;read=6650 Rumford Chemical Works of Providence R.I. had for inspection, http://www.mc.vander...ostrums/rumford.html Rumford Yeast Powder , said to be the best thing of the kind, a quantity of soap, blacking, and other desirable articles of their manufacture. We come now to the butter and cheese, of which there were 15 entries of the former and 10 of the latter, fully as large a quantity as at any previous exhibition. But the competitors for premiums on bread were more numerous than ever before. There were 21 of wheat bread, 6 of brown, 6 of rye, 3 of graham, while in the youth’s department there were 10 of wheat, 4 of rye, 5 of brown and 3 of graham. Imagine if you can the duty of the committee, who had to go through and taste of all these.
They were at it for hours, and we don’t believe will want to eat any more bread for 6 months. We will let them tell who of the ladies and misses are the leaders in this department of housekeeping, for we don’t know anything about it. Of honey there were 2 entries, maple syrup 6, maple sugar 6, cider and grape wine 8, and pickles, preserves, jellies and canned fruit 11. Among the principal exhibitors of the latter were Mrs. Charles Richmond and Mrs. J.F. Hosmer of this town. Of cutlery, mechanical arts, etc. there were 31 entries. The Millers Falls Co. made a fine exhibition of braces, vices and the numerous useful little articles that they manufacture.
The Tool Shop too made a good display of planes, ox shoes, etc. Of agricultural implements there were 7 entries, prominent among which was the Clark & Chapman Machine Co. with Woods’ Mower, a turbine water wheel and saw mill machinery. The fine arts were not in the least neglected, and first we must mention the designs and object drawing of the pupils of the High and the 1st and 2nd rooms of the Grammar Schools. These scholars have been, until recently, under the instruction of Miss Mary P. Wells, who has now been succeeded by Miss H. Elizabeth Carleton. Every visitor at the fair who saw these designs must have been thoroughly convinced of the wisdom of teaching drawing in our public schools.
The children do not measure from patterns, but use their eyes only...and copy generally from objects. They are encouraged to bring in original designs, and their ingenuity and skill is quite wonderful. The specimens exhibited at the fair embraced a great variety, and included contributions from the little chicks of 10 years old. Miss Carleton showed some fine specimens of oil paintings from her own brush. H.F. Root of Montague had on exhibition his fine large crayon portrait of Sumner, accompanied by that of a New York lady in state costume. There was a fine game piece in oil by Miss Nellie Ward of Greenfield, and a fine picture by Mrs. B.S. Parker, and a crayon by Miss H.B. Wiley of Greenfield.
Mrs. E.J. Wing of Conway had a beautiful wreath, Mrs. F.E. Jones of Greenfield a wax cross, Mrs. B.S. Parker of Greenfield, white roses, Miss Lula Richmond of Greenfield, woodbine, Mrs. W.F. Root of Greenfield a cross; a beautiful agricultural wreath was the cunning handwork of Mrs. C.P. Miner, Charlemont, and Mrs. F.W. Chapin of Gill had a delicate feather wreath, and there was another by Miss Emina L. Weatherhead of Bernardston; Miss Lucy Washburn of Greenfield had on exhibition an exceedingly pretty worsted wreath, and there were others by Mrs. G.O. Peabody of Turners Falls and Miss Ella Chapin of Greenfield. A very pretty http://www.liveaucti...ons/ebay/279410.html bead towel rack was exhibited by Mrs. A.F. Hawks of Greenfield. The entries of domestic manufacture were 42, an unusually large amount of carpeting, rugs, frocking, flannel, yarn, stockings, and mittens, all of which, we dare say, were very well made.
We can speak only of a few articles here and there, as it would be an endless task to praise them all separately. Mrs. A.F. Hawks had on exhibition a silk bed quilt of 3280 pieces, of the "Job’s puzzle [i.e. Job’s Puzzle] pattern, which, if the patient hero of Bible history had tried his hand at, would have blasted his enviable reputation before it was half completed. Mrs. Elisha Alexander of Northfield had a beautiful white spread of 741 pieces. Mrs. Julia Cowing of Deerfield, who always contributes largely to our fairs, had among other things a splendid carriage blanket; Mrs. F.H. Hawks of Charlemont a fine white quilt, Miss E.D. Williams a crochet scarf that was as pretty as anything of the kind we have ever seen. T
he fancy articles embraced 112 entries, besides the 64 that were in the youth’s department. But we are not going to be so foolish as to pretend to make selections, and pour out our exhausted supply of adjectives in trying to do them justice. The fair fingers that have wrought these marvels in needle work might be in our hair if we omitted to say the handsome thing by all; and we will leave the committee to take the responsibility and distribute the $50 - and it ought to be $500 - where their judgment may think best. Thurs. eve. the hall was open, and thronged by hundreds of beautiful ladies and gallant gentlemen, who enjoyed a promenade between the richly loaded tables, while the Greenfield Band, in the gallery, delighted the audience with some of their choicest selections. Friday’s horse show - Fri. too was a beautiful day and the attendance larger than on Thurs., and we might as well say here that the extra train for the accommodation of the eastern towns of the county should have run on Thursday.
For if there is anything we are proud of, or have to exhibit above others, it is our Cattle Show, and we boast a good deal about the good influence...the exhibition of horses was up to the average of former years, and perhaps in some respects better. The colts bore evidence of good blood...[Many men are mentioned, and many horses]...Society’s dinner, served at Franklin Hall by Landlord Doolittle of the Mansion House, was at half past 12. This was an institution of our early fairs, but for some reason of late has been omitted from the programme. The Band, followed by distinguished guests of the society - half a dozen poor gentlemen who thought that it was necessary to put on martial airs, and stepping through the dusty street, followed by a rabble of bare-footed boys and noisy dogs, because it was so ordered in the exercises. This marching in procession on great occasions was an institution of the past, and it hasn’t been attempted at our fairs for half a dozen years without proving a perfect burlesque. Some 163 ladies and gentlemen were in attendance at the dinner, which consisted of cold meats, tea and coffee, not an elaborate fare, but plain and substantial, and as good as could have been afforded for the price.
Blessing was invoked by Rev. J.F. Moors, and when it came for the toast of season, etc., President Brown opened the ball by thanking the ladies and gentlemen of the society for their many efforts in getting up such a creditable exhibition. He then called upon Maj. S.B. Phinney of Barnstable, the visiting member of the State board. That gentleman modestly excused himself by saying that he came from a manufacturing community, and did not feel quite at home among such eminent agriculturists. He made some pleasant allusions to his former acquaintance with Senator Washburn and others present, and then spoke in the highest praise of the exhibition, or so much of it as he had seen, for he was not present at the cattle show on Thurs...Senator Washburn was called upon to respond to a toast to the State of Massachusetts. He hadn’t been in town for our fairs for several years, and was pleasantly surprised to find the exhibition so good.
We should have to look far and long before we should find such stock as was produced here in little Franklin County. It was much ahead of that shown at the New England fair, where much of the best came from this county. So too in regard to fruit...A toast to the old officers of the society brought up Austin De Wolf, Esq. [Austin DeWolf], a former Secretary, who gave some pleasant reminiscences of the fairs of other days, and of those who had been active in the society... http://www-unix.oit.umass.edu/~amae000/anrpt84.htm Leander Wetherell , editor of the Boston Cultivator came next. This gentleman has an extensive acquaintance with the agricultural interests throughout New England, but says there is no place he likes to go so well as here, because it is a genuine Cattle Show, and the only one he knows of.
The herdsmen here have thoroughly bred cattle, they know their business, and he pointed out the superiority of many features. He had a good word to say for horse shows and horse trotting - and closed with the sentiment - Franklin County, the banner county of Massachusetts, for she not only furnished the best cattle but has the best Governors and Senators. S.O. Lamb Esq. was now called out and spoke at considerable length, alluding more particularly to taxation, and the laws that should govern it as he looked at it. He was followed by James S. Grennell, who for many years was Secretary of the Society, and has always been identified with its interests...He had never been absent from a single fair, and said there was never a more satisfactory show than that of the present year...In the evening the exhibition hall was open, and another large assembly in attendance, music being furnished by the Bernardston Band.
Some of the gentlemen who did not have a chance to air their eloquence at the dinner table were permitted here to relieve themselves. D.O. Fisk of Shelburne was the master of ceremonies. W.L. Warner, Superintendent of the hall, said among other things that the number of plates of fruit exhibited 8 years ago was 350, while this year there were over 1160, which showed how we were progressing...The sports of Saturday - "Old Prob deserves the thanks of this community for 3 bright beautiful days in succession...[very blurry]. Next came the foot race [more blurred text]...After an hour’s intermission there was a trial of traveling horses over 4 years old.
The entries were E.S. Smith of Ashfield and H. Couillard of Shelburne Falls, best 3 heats in 5. The first was won by Smith, the second by Couillard, but as the latter did not conform to the rules of the Society in making his entry, the premium was awarded to Smith. Both made good time but no record was made. The balloon ascension - The time now approached for the great event of the fair, the balloon ascension, and the crowd gathered around the Monster, or "Belle of France", we should call her, for that was her name. She is the same balloon that made the famous voyage from Plymouth N.H. 3 or 4 years ago, the longest trip ever made in this country, and she has made many other successful voyages since. She now towers to a height of 75 ft., anchored fast by her ballast of sand, waiting very patiently for the word "Go". Prof. http://www.centennia...light_in_US/LTA2.htm Samuel A. King , the veteran aeronaut, was not however to have her in charge, but he had sent his son, http://archiver.root...L/2004-02/1078113819 Frank K. King , a young man of Boston, who was now to make his 7th ascension.
Mr. Holden, the Boston Journal reporter, who had proposed to accompany Mr. King, had found it necessary to give it up, and the latter finally decided to take along with him at the last moment his younger brother, Randolph Z. King, who had been present to assist in the preparations. Everything was in readiness. Mr. King put in provision enough to last two 24 hours, extra clothing and the few necessaries that might be required. He had tested the direction of the wind by previously sending up two small balloons which floated off to the north-east. The young aeronaut was perfectly cool, his nerves apparently not in the least disturbed at the thought of making his perilous ascent. He chatted cheerfully with the gentlemen allowed inside the rope, which had been stretched around a circle to keep off the crowd.
The two fellows couldn’t have been happier if they had been about to start on a little pleasure drive. It is estimated that least 8000 to 10,000 people were watching and waiting for the final going up. Not only was the park crowded, but the adjacent house tops and every hill or point that could command a view was covered with human beings, straining all their eyes in the same direction. Finally the bags of ballast were thrown out, and the dozen or more gentlemen in attendance held the balloon down by a rope. Precisely on the stroke of 3 o’clock, the hour advertised, the rope was cut, and up the "Belle of France" rose, with a graceful, steady motion, amid a thousand huzzas from the multitude, the waving of handkerchiefs and hats, and wishes of a safe and pleasant journey, while the two bands, as had been previously arranged, played http://www.bardon-en...cian_Looks_Back.html "Up in a Balloon Boys" .
It was a grand sight, and called forth unbounded admiration. A red, white, and blue streamer was thrown out from the basket, which hung down for 60 or 70 ft., and when up a little higher, Mr. King let drop a bunch of http://palimpsest.st...s/cdl/1999/0015.html gilt paper , which separated and glistened in the sun like a myriad of stars. Higher and higher the balloon arose, its motion hardly perceptible, and smaller it grew in the distance, and still the people stood and watched its flight over the village. It took a north easterly direction, which if continued would have carried it through the south-eastern corner of Vermont, and over the boundary into New Hampshire.
Mr. King proposed at starting to take a long trip if everything was favorable, and promised that when he landed he would telegraph his whereabouts. At 4 o’clock, one hour after the ascension, the balloon could still be seen about as large as a man’s head, and dimly fading from sight. The "Belle of France" did not, however, make as long a trip as the navigator had hoped. After being up two hours and a half, a final landing was made at Allen’s Quarry, Northfield Farms, near the Erving line, and some two miles from Grout’s (Millers Falls), whither the balloon was taken and brought back to Greenfield on the 9 o’clock train. Mr. King says that the air was almost calm the higher he got, and he went to an altitude of 7000 ft. (higher than Mount Washington) the stiller it seemed, and therefore he was forced to make his journey a short one. The aeronauts previously alighted in Montague, threw out some ballast and went up again.
They passed over Bernardston, and turning, came down the course of the Connecticut, went north again and then east to the point of landing, which was reached without trouble. They describe the view of the country over which they passed the finest they had ever seen, and regret that their journey could not have been prolonged. The stallion race - The grand round up of the fair was the special trial of stallions for prizes amounting to $100. Entries were made by J. Stockwell of Buckland, http://www.pinnacle-.../ppages/ppage46.html "Buckland Boy" [of course the photo linked to is a much newer "Buckland Boy"], H.N. Wilde of Guilford Vt., "Morgan Empire"; Luther Wells of Greenfield, "John G. Saxe"; F.S. Hagar of Greenfield, "Tommy Dott"; Samuel Leonard of Greenfield, "Erie Abdelah". The trot came off in the old course in Petty’s Plain immediately after the balloon ascension. "Morgan Empire" and "Erie Abdallah" [sic] were withdrawn before the race was closed.
The first heat was won by "John G. Saxe" in 2:52, the second and third by "Buckland Boy", best time 2:39. The latter was given the first purse of $50, the former the second of $35, and "Tommy Dot" took the third of $15. There was then a private purse, the first money of which was taken by Ed. Everett’s "Seed Leaf" in 2:50, and the second by E.S. Smith’s "Nettie Rude". Miscellaneous - All premiums awarded will be paid according to the regulations of the Society after Wed next, at the office of the secretary, F.M. Thompson, in the Court House.
The receipts of the 3 days was about $1650. Including life member tickets, and there is due from the railroad a percent on tickets sold, say $100, and from advertisers in the aeronaut some $345, making a total of $2100, enough to pay all expenses and leave a handsome balance. The average receipts of the last 8 years have been about $900. There were arrests for drunkenness, the State Constables and other officers being on the alert, but considering the great number of people there was little rowdyism. One lady from Halifax Vt. lost her wallet, probably picked from her pocket. Among the amusing things that was noticed at the Secretary’s office, was the effort of one life member to get a new ticket.
The reason given for the loss of the old one was that he had just married a new wife, and things had got so much mixed, he couldn’t find it anywhere. Of course, under the circumstances, a new one was issued at once...On Sat. a horse, belonging to George Taylor of Shelburne, became frightened by the music of the bands in front of the Mansion House, and rearing, fell upon his head sustaining fatal injury. It was one of a fine pair and valued at $250. List of premiums awarded - [an extremely long list of prizes - several columns]...
Gazette & Courier - Monday, September 28, 1874
(Charlemont) A tribute to the memory of Deacon Horace Hawks of Charlemont who departed this life Feb. 24, 1873 in the 82nd year of his age
(Charlemont) A tribute to the memory of Deacon Horace Hawks of Charlemont who departed this life Feb. 24, 1873 in the 82nd year of his age - ...His long life was not an eventful one, only as the larger portion was spent in a humble, consistent, Godly walk, serving his generation and serving the church...He had but one earthly home. On the same farm purchased by his father in the early history of the town, he was born, grew up, lived and labored, brought up his own family, and having filled up the measure of his years, died loved and lamented. Deacon Hawks was unpretentious, but manly, loving and genial, sober minded, discrete [i.e. discreet] and judicious, faithful ever to his convictions of duty, and as some might think, carried his conscientiousness to an extreme. He was a man of prayer...Unambitious of public life, he was a man of home and family, finding his pleasure there, and religion had always a pleasing prominence in the household. She who was his loving companion for more than 58 years, and who still lives to mourn his loss, was one with him in prayer and endeavor to train their children, not only in the knowledge of the schools, but also in that which ever had with them the preference, viz., the knowledge and love of God...Nearly 40 years ago, for some weeks, the writer of this was an inmate of the family, and he can now say that the memory of those morning and evening family devotions, never unnecessarily omitted, with such humble fervent prayer, specially for the family, for all its members, that they might be brought to the Saviour, abides still with him, and will abide as a perfume of unfading sweetness...Five of them [the children] now remain, heads of their respective households, and 7 have gone on before...Dea. Hawks was a member of the First Congregational Church of Charlemont, between 57 and 58 years, and Deacon nearly 50 years...He was a worthy and beloved associate in succession of the Deacons Aaron Lyman and Josiah Lyman, father and son, and of others of like spirit, men of faith and fidelity, who have gone to their blessed reward on high...
Gazette & Courier - Monday, September 21, 1874
(Bernardston) Keep on the right side of the road! and go to the Brick Store, where they have just received a lot of new goods, making a full stock in all departments, of which in groceries, they have
(Bernardston) Keep on the right side of the road! and go to the Brick Store, where they have just received a lot of new goods, making a full stock in all departments, of which in groceries, they have good molasses at 50 cents a gallon; also all grades up to nice http://www.webguru.com/molasses_food.htm Sugar House Syrup ; nice pork backs, kettle rendered lard and the best tripe. Also just received a large line of new teas, from 50 cents a pound up to the very finest teas, and a full stock of first quality strictly pure ground spices, cream of tartar and English Saleratus and bicarbonate of soda, all in bulk. Also in dry goods, 500 yards more of those good prints at 9 cents a yard, and a splendid lot of new prints with borders for trimming; good styles of gingham, very cheap, and new styles of http://www.gullahtours.com/gullah_dictionary.html Balmoral and felt skirts, a nice lot of white and blue mixed and Balmoral woolen yarns, bleached and brown cottons...Also a large lot of flannels, consisting of fancy shirting flannels...A large assortment of under drawers and shirts...Also ladies' http://www.bklyn-gen...878.FashionPage.html fleece-lined and wool hose and Misses' and Children's white and colored hose...elegant belting and belt buckles...In boots and shoes we have a full stock, among them the celebrated Kansas Shoes, so easy and comfortable for ladies to wear. And please to notice that our men's, boys and youth's Thick boots are all closed by hand and made from selected stock and custom made. Also coal oil - we never keep any western oil, but only Boston standard oil, inspected by the State Inspector, and guaranteed to be 110 degrees fire test. Do not risk your life by buying cheap oil. But call and see us and secure a bargain, and be sure and take home 25 bars of good soap for $1 - at the Brick Store. Allen & Lyman.
Gazette & Courier - Monday, October 26, 1874
(Greenfield) The Committee of the Catholic Fair further acknowledges the following donations: W.F. Root, paisley shawl; S.P. Breck, do.; J.J. Richardson, a frosted cake; Dr. Hovey, box of cologne; J.
(Greenfield) The Committee of the Catholic Fair further acknowledges the following donations: W.F. Root, paisley shawl; S.P. Breck, do.; J.J. Richardson, a frosted cake; Dr. Hovey, box of cologne; J.L. Lyons, a large mirror and a miniature chamber set; Wendell T. Davis, $10; Governor Washburn, $10; Major Keith, $5; William Wunsch, $5; E.D. Merriam, $5; S.O. Lamb, $4; R.A. Packard, $3; ...Miss Kitty Russell, $1. The Fair, which opened on Mon. last, will be continued until tomorrow. It has been a matter of no little interest to the Catholic portion of our citizens, and has been attended by many of other denominations. The Greenfield Cornet Band has furnished music each eve., playing a few pieces in front of the hall, and continuing their concerts inside. A large number of useful and fancy articles are being disposed of by tickets, the only way in which sales are made. Many of these articles have been contributed by our citizens, as has been seen by the lists published. Young ladies are assigned the duty of disposing of the lottery tickets, and if the Fair doesn’t prove a success it won’t be for lack of persuasive zeal on their part.