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Turners Falls bridge - Plans of the proposed bridge are now ready at the office of the Clerk of Courts, which have been drawn by E.A. Stratton, the Engineer employed by the County Commissioners. The specifications require that the bridge shall have a carriage way of 18 ft. in the clear, and a projecting sidewalk on either side of 5 ft. in the clear. The bridge shall be capable of sustaining 80 lbs. to the square foot, exclusive of its own weight.
From the Turners Falls side of the river to Great Island, the bridge is to be built of iron, of a suspension or truss form as may be decided upon. The span for a truss bridge over the present canal shall be 75, 100 or 150 ft. as may be determined...From Great Island to Gill shore, there will be a clear span of about 210 ft., making a total length of 960 ft. The masonry for the bridge is to be of that character called "first class rubble". The stones are to be of a hard and durable quality, and so quarried as to admit of being laid in regular courses without hammer dressing, and all to be laid in the best quality of hydraulic cement mortar.
Particular attention must be giver to the up-river ends of the piers in the main channel of the river, and cut-water points are required of similar style as in the piers of the Montague bridge, and all the stone in the up-river end of the piers are to be dowelled together up to high water line. In quantity there will be about 1630 cable yards of masonry. There will be embankments required of approaches to the abutments, and excavations for the roadway on Great Island, which will amount to about 2800 cubic yards.
Proposals will be received for the whole work or separately, as parties may prefer, and all work to be done to the acceptance of the county commissioners. The plans take from the east end of the Montague Paper Mill about 20 ft., and keeps clear of the Clark & Chapman machine shop. The estimate is as follows: 1630 yards of masonry at $7, $11,410; 2800 yards of earth work at 25 cents, $700; the price of the superstructure will determine the balance of the cost; assuming that the entire bridge may be made of wood, at a cost not exceeding $30 per lineal foot, the amount would be $28,800, making the total cost $40,910.
It is claimed that a truss bridge or a suspension bridge can be built at low figures as those given in the estimate. The matter of damages is the most serious difficulty to be disposed of. It will be remembered that the act of Legislature requiring the construction of the bridge limits the cost to $42,000. Now it is claimed that the land damage should not be included in this sum, and high legal opinion has been obtained which takes this view of the question. A no. of bridge builders have made inquiries either by letters or by personal visits, and bids are likely to be made at quite low figures. If the bridge is to be built, a time will never be found when it can be done cheaper than now.
Gazette & Courier - Monday, August 23, 1875
News of the week
The wife of Capt. Phill Bessenger of Reading, PA, accompanied by her 3 children, two boys and a girl, aged respectively 9, 6, and 3 years, left her home Tues. aft., and walking up the tow path of the Union canal to near Grings Mill, 3 miles north of the city, and deliberately walked in and drowned herself and children. The bodies were discovered.
Gazette & Courier - Monday, August 16, 1875
A.P. Richardson, who superintended the excavations in the new canal last fall, has just gone to Bangor, Maine, to build a dam 900 ft. long, larger than the one at Turners Falls, to cost over $100,000 and to take over a year in construction.
Gazette & Courier - Monday, July 5, 1875
Brief notes of a pleasant excursion
The Massachusetts Press Association left Boston on the morning of June 23, for their annual excursion. The party, including ladies, numbered almost 90...On this excursion two first class cars and a smoking car on the Boston & Albany road were devoted to the exclusive use of the excursionists...The sandwiches, cakes, etc. were neatly packed in pasteboard boxes for each individual, and were liberally accompanied with iced lemonade.
At Albany...there was a change to the fine cars of the New York Central Railroad, and we were soon steaming with almost lightning rapidity through the beautiful Mohawk Valley. The flat farm lands here are of an unsurpassing fertility. There does not appear to be an acre that is not under cultivation....The Mohawk runs parallel with the road for many miles, and on the opposite side of the river is the Erie Canal. The latter, which has been one of the great institutions of the Empire State for many years, appears to New Englanders to be a rather slow method of transportation. The canal boats, which we pass in quick succession, seem hardly to move, so snail like is the progress which they make, but what is lost in time is saved in expense. If it was not for the Erie our coal and grain would never approach the present low prices, and upon it has depended largely the wealth and development of the great Western States.
But...the day was fearfully hot, and our excursion cars were in the rear of a very large train; and the dust and cinders that poured into the windows soon blackened our faces, filled our eyes and ears, so that when we reached Syracuse about 8 o’clock in the eve., after a ride of 350 miles, we were a sad looking set, more like a band of miners from the coal region, than people who patronized soap and water. We were, however, nicely quartered at the Globe and Vanderbilt hotels and through the transforming influences of the bath, clean linen, and a good supper, were soon ourselves again.
The party left Syracuse soon after 6 the next morning, by the Auburn branch of the New York Central. At Auburn we got the chance to see the extensive buildings of the State Penitentiary, but did not stop for a close inspection of the establishment. A short ride brought us to the wharf at Cayuga, where we embarked on a small steamer for a delightful trip of 38 miles through Cayuga Lake...
With song and mirth the happy excursionists were soon on the top wave of enjoyment. At Goodwin’s Point a landing was made and the party visited Taghkanic Falls To reach the Falls we climbed a steep descent of a mile, under a broiling sun, and were hardly, when we reached the summit, in the most favorable mood to fully appreciate this wild freak of nature. These falls are on a small stream, and 215 ft. in perpendicular height, while the rocky gorge is nearly 400 ft. down.
It is a wild and picturesque spot, but at this season there is not a large flow of water over the fall. A hotel has been built upon the summit, within a stone’s throw of the fall, and it is quite a resort for excursionists and picnic parties.... Afterwards we landed at the beautiful town of Ithaca, at the head of the lake. the principal business here is apparently the transferment of coal. The coal is brought by rail from the mines in Pennsylvania and transshipped to the canal boats, which convey it across the lake and thence through the canal to the Eastern markets. Our quarters were at the Ithaca Hotel, a first class house...After a sumptuous dinner, carriages were provided for a visit to Cornell University.
The college buildings occupy a beautiful site overlooking the lake, and can be seen miles away...The college was opened in 1868, and everything about the premises is neat and new...The founder of the college, Ezra Cornell, Esq. endowed the institution with more than three millions of dollars...Our party assembled in the Library of the college, and were addressed by President White...It was the purpose of Mr. Cornell to found a university where any person could find instruction in any study, and well has his purpose been carried out. It recognizes no distinct religious belief, though its aim is to promote Christian civilization...
Upon the grounds an opportunity is afforded, as at our Agricultural College, for the practical study of agriculture. There is a carpenter shop, furnished with power and machinery, where students who have tastes in that direction can cultivate their skill in wood work. A large machine shop is fitted with lathes and a variety of machinery and tools, and we found here a dozen or more young men hard at work with sleeves rolled up, dressed in colored shirts an overalls, hands and faces begrimmed, just like "greasy mechanics".
Several valuable inventions have been made in this shop, and much of this work is put to a practical use. In the same building is a printing shop with a large assortment of type and presses...Cornell University recognizes the co-education of the sexes. Young ladies are admitted on the same footing as young men, and are advanced through the same studies...the young men, who at other colleges have been accustomed to practices that were vulgar and demoralizing have voluntarily given them up since the admission of the young ladies, and so far from the mingling of the sexes leading to unpleasant talk and scandal, as some had predicted, not a breath of suspicion of anything out of character had ever existed...
Before leaving the college grounds we were driven to Fall Creek Gorge a wild, romantic locality, where the waters of a small stream leap and splash over the rocks of a wild ravine in its mad course to the lake below. We left Ithaca at 7 in the eve. over the Utica, Ithaca and Elmira Railroad, the President of which is Gen. W.I. Burt, the Postmaster of Boston. General Burt had accompanied our party, and we were indebted to his kind attention and influence for many courtesies. On this road we pass through Elmira, and about 10 o’clock at night, in the midst of a drenching rain, arrived at the town of Watkins at the head of Seneca Lake. After a little confusion we were provided with carriages and driven through the pitchlike darkness up the steep ascent to the Glen Mountain House [See the NYPL Digital Gallery for great photos], which has been erected above the famous Watkins Glen.
There is no natural wonder on the American continent, with the exception perhaps, of Niagara Falls, that surpasses the Glen...Says Bayard Taylor: "In all my travels I have never met with scenery more beautiful and romantic than that embraced in this wonderful Glen, and the most remarkable thing of all is that so much magnificence and grandeur should be found in a region where there are no ranges of mountains...It is only since 1869 that the Glen has been accessible to the public...[A very large section follows about the Glen and its hotels. To be continued next week].
Gazette & Courier - Monday, June 21, 1875
The location of the new bridge
The County Commissioners spent the Centennial, when other people were enjoying a day of recreation at home or of enthusiastic patriotism at the Hub, in settling the new Turners Falls bridge, making surveys and measuring distances. There were difficulties in their work that were not easily surmounted. It will be remembered that a few weeks ago the Board attempted to cross over to the island below the dam for this purpose, when an oar of the skiff they embarked in was broken, and they were forced to abandon the undertaking until the waters should get into a more placid state. On Thurs. Col. Holmes of Riverside acted as boatsman, and landed a portion of the party on the island by rowing out into the stream above the dam and then dropping down with the current to the desired point. Another party was entrusted to the care of Commodore Smith, the old ferryman, who piloted his skiff across below the dam, by which a wire for measuring was stretched from the shore to the island. The turbulent channel between the little and big islands was spanned by throwing across the line. the island was then surveyed and the distance across the channel on the Gill side.
/ This work, which required a good deal of paddling about from one point to another, consumed the entire day. The measurements taken are as follows: From the river wall on the Turners Falls side to the little island, 267 ft.; across the little island, 187 ft.; across the channel between the two islands, 451 ft.; across the large island 230 ft.; and from the island to the Gill shore, 216 ft. This would make the distance to be spanned by the bridge or rather bridges, for in reality there will have to be two, 821 ft. But this measurement is only from the river wall on the Turners Falls shore. The Water Power Company say that a bridge must span 150 ft. more to permit the widening, when necessary, of their canal. The only serious difficulty to be encountered at the terminus on the Turners Falls side. The space between the shops of the Clark & Chapman Machine Company and the building of the Montague Paper company is only 27 ft., and through this space the bridge must come. To be in a direct line with Avenue A, a small portion of the buildings on one side or the other, and perhaps both, will have to be removed; while directly in the center of this space just below the bulkhead, a water wheel is located, which would probably have to be taken out.
/ The place originally designed for this wheel was beneath the shop on the bulkhead, and it could probably be moved there with no serious opposition. We do not think that the Clark & Chapman Company will claim heavy damages unless there is serious interference with their buildings and the expensive machinery with which they are filled. On the other hand the Montague Paper company have built this portion of their mill since there was talk of locating a bridge here and since surveys were made expressly, the friends of the bridge claimed, to defeat their plans. Whether this would have any weight in awarding damages remains to be seen. A gentleman connected with the Water Power company informed the Commissioners that damages would be claimed if this location were adopted, that would amount to half the sum stipulated by the Legislature for the construction of the bridge, but the Commissioners propose to call a meeting at an early day, for the purpose of ascertaining the land damages, and settle this point, perhaps, before they accept proposals of the construction of the bridge.
/ It has been suggested, and we believe the plan is favored by the Turners Falls Company, that the eastern terminus of the bridge can be carried across the dam to a point just above the line of the bulkhead. But the danger from the logs that sometimes go over the dam with one end many feet in the air, or the liability of having the structure carried away by some bridge that may be swept down from above as they were in the great freshet, renders this location an impractical one. there are also those who claim that a bridge could be built for many thousand dollars less at the ferry above than at the dam. But the act of the Legislature requiring the commissioners to construct the bridge, designates the latter locality. The commissioners, who were hospitably entertained at the Farren House, completed their surveys, getting the heights, grades, etc. on Friday.
Gazette & Courier - Monday, June 21, 1875
The new bridge over the canal at the end of the suspension bridge is completed, and the public now travel over it. The road up the hill has also been graded, making a good road and greatly reducing the hill. The road is ultimately to be built from the end of the bridge through to Avenue A, at the end of Fifth Street. Avenue A has been greatly improved by being widened.
W.B. Brinsmade, formerly superintendent of the Conn. river railroad, was last week taken to the insane retreat at Litchfield, Conn. by his friends. [See Google books "History of the railroads and canals of the United States"].
Gazette & Courier - Monday, June 7, 1875
News of the week
3 Northampton young men, L.A. Chase, telegraph operator at the Canal depot, David Willard and Robert Houston, were out rowing on the Connecticut River Sun. forenoon, in a shell, when they were upset by some flaw of wind. All started for shore, but Chase and Willard turned back to save the boat, and were drowned. Houston reached the Hadley shore, and was drawn to the bank, exhausted. The accident was seen by J.W. French from the top of Mount Holyoke, who called to his half-way house, and sent a man down to the rescue. The persons drowned were about 21 years old.
Gazette & Courier - Monday, May 17, 1875
There seems to be no end to the enterprise of the Montague Paper Co., who are about to increase their already extensive facilities by erecting another large building to connect with the pulp mills, which recently came into their possession. The building will be of brick, 40 ft. wide by 100 ft. long, and two stories high, and will face the canal, filling nearly the entire space between the eastern portion of the pulp mills and the railroad.
/ 12 of the 24 pulp machines are to be removed from the pulp mill, and the room thus furnished is to be converted into an engine room for manufacturing paper, a paper machine, of 62 inch capacity, to be set up in the second story of the machine building, connected with the old mill.
/ The new building will be used for assorting purposes, boiler room, etc., and with the addition of the new machine, the capacity of the entire works will be increased to 3 machines of 72, 62 and 96 inches respectively, and capable of producing 7 or 8 tons of paper daily. George O. Peabody has the contract for the erection of the new building. George P. Adams furnishes the brick, and the work will be completed in about 3 months, at a cost, including the machinery of from $40,000 to $50,000. The Montague Co. are also erecting, on the hill opposite the mills, a large storehouse for storing pulp machinery, etc.
Gazette & Courier - Monday, May 10, 1875
News about home: Greenfield items
Jim White, who has been a local character in Greenfield for we don't know how many years, closed his earthly career at the Town Farm on Sun. "Jim", who was a descendant of Ham, notwithstanding his "other" name, first saw the light in Coleraine about the commencement of the 19th century. He early took the advice of the late Horace Greeley and "went West" where several years he led a rough life on the canals. Coming back to Greenfield, he was for a long time head cook at the American House, when that hotel was under the proprietorship of Major Keith.
/ Jim's skill as a cook was known far and near. He accumulated a sufficient amount from his earnings to purchase a small hut north of the village, and a little plot of land. Here he retired from active business, and his wife and daughters leaving him, set up housekeeping alone. Jim of late years has been a hard drinker, but when sober has been employed in farm and other work by Messrs. William Keith and Charles Keith. He worked for the latter a few days before his death and contracted a cold. In a feeble condition he came down to the village Sat. the 1st, and was taken to the poor farm by the Selectmen and died there the next day. Rev. Mr. Moors officiated at his funeral Thurs.
Gazette & Courier - Monday, April 19, 1875
At the town meeting Mon., Hon. R.N. Oakman was elected moderator, and it was voted not to accept Seventh and Canal Streets as located on petition of Richard Clapp and others. It was voted to accept a lease from the State for the purpose of cultivating and taking useful fishes to Lake Pleasant and authorize the Selectmen to execute the same in behalf of the town. Voted that Dr. Anson Cubb, George O. Peabody and D.P. Abercrombie be a committee with full power to make and establish rules and regulations, and sublet or dispose of all rights to take fish for the current year. Voted to appropriate the sum of 8 dollars for the expense of obtaining the lease. Voted to choose a Board of Health, and choose George O. Peabody, J.F. Bartlett and Dr. E.C. Coy to that office (Reporter).
Gazette & Courier - Monday, February 22, 1875
(Turners Falls) George T.C. Holden experienced a narrow escape on Thurs. morning while out driving. He was crossing the wire suspension bridge, and when near "the Falls" side was notified by the Turn
(Turners Falls) George T.C. Holden experienced a narrow escape on Thurs. morning while out driving. He was crossing the wire suspension bridge, and when near "the Falls" side was notified by the Turners Falls Company’s workmen on the extension of the canal that they were about to blast. There was no time to retreat, and Mr. Holden urged his horse into a run, and just went by the ledge as the blast exploded, filling the air with a shower of rocks, one of which struck the horse on the hip, putting him into a still faster gait till he reached the Farren House.
Troy & Greenfield Railroad - A history of the Hoosac Tunnel was given to the Springfield Union of last week, wherein were several errors of dates and other facts which I wish you to correct. The date of the charter is put down 1840, and I think you made the same mistake in an article in your paper printed some 6 weeks since. The charter was given in 1848, and received the signature of the governor, May 10, 1848. The project of tunnelling the Hoosac for a canal in 1819 is a fact (if it is a fact) which has not been alluded to by any writer of tunnel history; while the commission of 1825, in which http://www.geocities...y/6034/baldappl.html Loammi Baldwin figured, is often quoted, his estimate of the cost of tunnel for a canal was less than one million dollars. The formal ceremony of breaking ground by Rev. Dr. Crawford was for a short tunnel of about 500 ft., west of North Adams and not under the Hoosac Mountain. The Hoosac tunnel was not commenced at the west end till after some work at the east end had been done by Gilmore & Carpenter (Dearborn).
Gazette & Courier - Monday, February 8, 1875
The labor interests of Germany
The labor interests of http://en.wikipedia....c_history_of_Germany Germany - Reports recently circulated concerning the high rates of wages prevailing in Germany, and the effect they have had in drawing back German immigrants, have given the impression that the condition of the http://en.wikipedia....ndustrial_Revolution German industrial classes at the present time is one of unusual prosperity. Quite a contrary state of affairs in indicated by the following extract from the Cologne Gazette. "In 1874, although the great http://econ.barnard....g_German_Cartels.pdf bubble schemes burst in the summer of 1873 , and although last year a plentiful harvest of corn and wheat came to our relief, the consequences of the crisis are still felt. Numerous undertakings are depreciated, and even more lamentable than the losses of the promoters are the mischievous result of the sudden excessive rise in wages which could not possibly last, the luxurious habits, the strikes and all that these involve on the laboring classes and the whole indusrial life of the German nation. Habits of indolence and gluttony have been established, which it will be hard to eradicate. In many establishments in Berlin, work is still suspended at noon on Saturday, and not resumed till late on Tues. morning. The natural result is that the products of German industry have become dearer, that our exports diminish, and that we import many things from abroad that we could very well manufacture ourselves. A characteristic example of this is that the city of Berlin is producing 200,000 centuers [?] of iron [?] for the canalization scheme from England, instead of employing native industry. If, as is alleged, the English supply is at half a thaler per centre cheaper than our own works, no objection can be offered to the saving of 150,000 thalers. The truth is that as regards the production of iron, which we thought was a nucleus of German prosperity likely to surpass foreign countries, our hopes have speedily been dispelled. One good effect of the scarcity of employment, in itself very deplorable, which has occasioned numerous dismisals at Berlin at the end of the year, is that, as the promises of the Socialists and other http://www.marxists....works/1867-c1/p3.htm demagogues have not been realized, the workingmen now find themselves obliged to resort to their old habits of industry and frugality.
Gazette & Courier - Monday, February 8, 1875
(Shelburne Falls) We see by a copy of the Greenfield Gazette dated Nov. 22, 1802, which Mr. E. DeWolf has handed to us, that it was published by John Denio and had at that time a large circulation. A
(Shelburne Falls) We see by a copy of the Greenfield Gazette dated Nov. 22, 1802, which Mr. E. DeWolf has handed to us, that it was published by John Denio and had at that time a large circulation. A great deal is said in it about religion and liberty. Henry Ewers is advertised as a runaway. J. & L. Russell of Charlemont had just received a fresh supply of brandy, gun, rum and brown sugar. A surtout had been found. Jerome Ripley had got a new stock of goods. The Connecticut River bridge was nearly completed, and the South Hadley Canal lottery was in full blast.
Gazette & Courier - Monday, January 25, 1875
(Turners Falls) The work of extending the canal for the benefit of the Griswold Manufacturing company, who have been for some time preparing to erect large factories, is to be abandoned for the prese
(Turners Falls) The work of extending the canal for the benefit of the Griswold Manufacturing company, who have been for some time preparing to erect large factories, is to be abandoned for the present, March 1. The contract provided that the Griswold company should be supplied with water on the 1st of July 1876, from which then they should pay a stipulated rental, but the Griswolds, wishing to delay their building enterprise, have hired the water company to delay the completion of the canal one year longer than the contract time.
Gazette & Courier - Monday, December 28, 1874
Three children drowned Sat. aft. at a place called Browerstown, 3 miles from Paterson N.J...children of Mrs. Eliza Vreeland, a widow
Three children drowned Sat. aft. at a place called http://www.jerseyhis...dingaid.php?aid=1361 Browerstown , 3 miles from Paterson N.J...children of Mrs. Eliza Vreeland, a widow...The mother had gone to Paterson market, and left the children in charge of an old man named Thomas...who was uanble to rescue them....slide...canal [much illegible].
Gazette & Courier - Monday, December 14, 1874
(Turners Falls) The Turners Falls Company are preparing for a monster explosion with dualin in the Canal this Mon
(Turners Falls) The Turners Falls Company are preparing for a monster explosion with http://memory.loc.go...lists/manu_V4I2.html dualin in the Canal this Mon aft. or Tues. forenoon. From 20 to 25 holes are being drilled, some of them 15 ft. deep, and great results are expected from the blast, which will be fired with electricity, simultaneously. The blasting is done by T.B. Hadley of Stoneham, and is intended as a test of dualin, which, if successful, will be used in the proposed http://www.fws.gov/r5crc/mig_fish_forum.html fishway at the Falls.
Gazette & Courier - Monday, December 14, 1874
The lower end of the Dwight Co's. canal broke away Sat. night...The water swept along Depot Street for about 30 ft. and carried away and demolished the ell portion of the house occupied by S.F. Hami
The lower end of the Dwight Co’s. canal broke away Sat. night...The water swept along Depot Street for about 30 ft. and carried away and demolished the ell portion of the house occupied by S.F. Hamilton. The bulkhead at the other end of the canal was shut off at 6 o’clock, or there would have been considerable more damage to report. A temporary coffer dam was erected and work at the mills was resumed Mon. morning. The whole loss is about $5000.
Gazette & Courier - Monday, November 30, 1874
The Chicago Times claims to have reliable information that a grand union passenger depot is to be built in that cit
The Chicago Times claims to have reliable information that a http://baseballblog....allblog_archive.html grand union passenger depot is to be built in that city by the following roads centering there: the Chicago and Alton, Chicago and Northwestern, Pittsburg [i.e. Pittsburgh], Fort Wayne & Chicago; Milwaukee and St. Paul; Michigan Central and the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy. The depot will be commenced in the spring, and will occupy the greater portion of the space between Van Buren and Madison Streets and between the canal and the river, and will cost $2,000,000.
Gazette & Courier - Monday, November 30, 1874
Dealing in tigers
Dealing in tigers - Two dealers, http://www.mernick.co.uk/thhol/eastwest2.html Mr. Jamrach [ http://www.casebook....don/eastandwest.html Charles Jamrach ] and Herr http://www.goodzoos.com/Germany/Hamburg.htm Hagenbeck [ http://www.mexicofile.com/hermanosmayarcircus.htm Carl Hagenbeck ] in Hamburg, have almost a monopoly on the trade of wild animals. The http://www.thegallop...amrachcharles01.html former recently gave some of his experience with tigers. He says: "When the young tigers are accustomed to intercourse with men they are always tame, but you must not go near them at feeding time. My assistant took a large tiger, two years old, to London in a sailing vessel from Calcutta; he played with everyone on board, and was only shut in his cage at night. His great friend was a http://www.isd77.k12...mnriver/muttjeff.htm dog , a rat catcher, and they were taken together in the same cage to America. I have often tried to bring up tigers with other animals, and have succeeded best with the common Indian http://www.public-do...ica/saft/sft13.shtml jackal . I believe the scent of the http://www.yptenc.or...al_facts/jackal.html animal prevents the tiger from attacking it. The tiger's greatest enemies, next to man, are monkeys. It is interesting to see the courage and dexterity of a monkey when he cannot escape an encounter. I once put a great http://www.physics.sjsu.edu/tomley/afphoto21.html baboon with a nearly full grown tiger. The baboon leaped upon the tiger's back and took firm hold with his teeth. The tiger could not shake him off, and it was with great difficulty that we took the baboon out of the cage. He seized the tiger by the neck through the bars, and vented his rage by biting him. I never made the experiment again. I had great difficulty in getting tigers between 1865 and 1867, as the Indian jewelers would give 5 or 6 rupees apiece for http://wildasia.net/...?photoID=298&all=yes claws , which were used for ornaments. The http://www.classicre.../bookid.2222/sec.21/ shikarees , therefore, found it better to shoot tigers than to capture them. A good http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/sci/tech/1823044.stm skin is worth two or three times as much in India as it is in Europe. You may get from 120 to 150 for a handsomely marked skin. There is now but little demand for living tigers, so that the shikarees devote themselves chiefly to killing them. And although hundreds are killed every year, there is still an immense number of them. It is almost incredible how many human beings are devoured by them. A tiger generally only becomes a http://www.pbs.org/kratts/world/eurasia/tiger/ man eater when other food fails; but when he has once taken to killing men he keeps at it. I believe that all the tigers in http://members.aol.c...pore/singapore2.html Singapore are man eaters, for there is no other food for them. It has been proved that one Chinese wood cutter disappears on an average every day. I have seen many tigers from Singapore, old and young, but there were none of them tame.At Madras, on board a steamer, my assistant was frightened out of his berth one night by a tiger having gnawed through the roof of his cabin. This was one from Singapore. Before the opening of Suez Canal there was a great difficulty about the transport of tigers. I once had 7 tigers on board a ship, and 21 oxen for food, of which 17 died in one week of a pestilence. The tigers had to content themselves with two pounds of meat per day until more could be procured at Cape Town. There have been many http://home.att.net/.../pictures/tiglon.htm cross breeds between lions and tigers in English menageries, but the cubs are never reared. [These are for real, and are called either http://www.ontariosd...oms12studentjn01.htm ligers or tiglons ].
Gazette & Courier - Monday, November 16, 1874
(Northampton) A little 3 1/2 year old son of C.L. Clapp of
(Northampton) A little 3 1/2 year old son of C.L. Clapp of http://www.sprague-database.org/02-04/f1610.htm Bay State Village , Northampton, strayed from home Mon. aft., but was not missed till supper time. The alarm was then given, and the whole of Bay State and paper mill villages turned out in the search, the canals being drawn down, and the anxious search continued until after 10 o'clock, when the little fellow was found in the Bay State canal, but a few hundred yards from his home, his body showing signs of being in the water some hours.