Article Archives: Articles - Franklin County (MA) News Archive
Revised list of topics
Revised list of topics
Revised Jan. 10, 2009
Welcome to the list of topics. You can call them subject headings or tags - they offer you another method of searching the Franklin County Publication Archive site. Interested in accident victims in Athol? Click on the tag below for Accident Victims and find a list of articles dating from Jan. 1, 1870 to August , 1875. Once on the page of articles, then use your Find command to pull up all articles mentioning Athol.
The search engine is being revamped by the wonderful and highly overworked Mik Muller. Once it is completed, you will be able to search for multiple subjects or terms by simply dividing terms with a comma in the search box. Example: Jones, Deerfield, Births That should give you a nice listing of all Joneses born in Deerfield during the time period mentioned above. Another way to search it will be to choose the terms Deerfield and Births from the drop down box and add Jones to the search box. Voila!
ACCIDENT VICTIMS Here reside the fatalities, not the regular every day deaths. Industrial accidents, drownings, death by fire, train, loose circus animals, accidental shootings, and freak accidents.
ACCIDENTS Much more run of the mill stuff here, and not even fatal, at least in most cases. Many of these articles concern runaway horses, falls and narrow escapes. ADVERTISING One of my favorite sections. Classified ads are also included here. AFRICAN AMERICANS / BLACKS Everything is covered here. Articles deal with slavery, racism, lynchings, and the like, but it is noteworthy to see that many articles are not racist in content.
AMUSEMENTSis kind of a catch-all, but primarily concerns fun stuff done for amusement - picnics, parades, croquet games, tableaux, taffy pulling, sleigh rides, masquerade parties, sociables, shadow pantomimes - you get the idea.
ANIMALS / REPTILES From the barnyard to the circus, to the hunted, to cats and dogs. Horses have their own category. I regret now that I did not create a subject heading for cruelty to animals, but those articles are also included here.
ARABS Exotic stuff here. Turkey, Palestine, harems, whirling dervishes, reflecting the fascination for the Middle East and all its customs and traditions in the 1870s. ARCHAEOLOGY is a mixed bag of accidental findings - like the dinosaur footprints in the Connecticut River bed in Turners Falls, to old burial sites of Native Americans [which were treated with appalling lack of respect]. "Humbugs" like the Cardiff giant are also included here, as well as accidental finding of treasure.
ASTRONOMY Rare astronomical events, aurora borealis, miracles, meteors, solar eclipses - and the more mundane, references to the sun, moon, stars, planets, etc.
ATHOL, MA BARBER / HAIR includes not only the establishment itself, but also all references to hair, wigs, bald heads, medicine to grow hair, hair dyes, etc. BARS (DRINKING ESTABLISHMENTS) Pretty much portrayed as den of iniquities. The Gazette & Courier is very much pro temperance.
BIRDS All kinds of birds, many articles related to hunting. Hen stories abound as well, with some hens laying eggs that are 8 inches wide! [I pity the poor bird]. BIRTH CONTROL A really sad section, since birth control in this time period only relates to mothers killing their newborns, to botched illegal abortions, etc. BIRTHS Are prolific. Many names, usually only of the proud father, are repeated each year. Of course the matching obituaries contain many of these infants as well. All cases of multiple births worldwide are listed.
CHILDREN - They’re everywhere of course - families are huge, 15 children being a normal size. But the youth culture has not taken hold - one mostly hears about children having accidents or dying, or around Christmas time, or in school.
CONNECTICUT RIVER - The important one. All others are in one section entitled RIVERS.
CONSERVATION OF NATURAL RESOURCES - Hasn’t dawned on them too much, even though they are familiar with Thoreau’s work. CONTESTS Base ball games (we call ’em baseball) becoming popular. Bets and wagers always a part of our society. We’ve got walking contests, horse races, tobacco stripping contests, girls splitting hard wood slabs, which hen can lay the biggest egg, who can grow the tallest corn stalk, etc.
COURTS One of the largest sections. Look here for all criminal activity. COURTSHIP - The path of true love did not run smoothly, even in the old days. Poems and stories abound, even personal ads (very high-toned ones, of course). Murders and scandals are not uncommon, as well. CRIME - Ah crime! There’s some of everything here, some of it salacious, much of it fines for drunkenness. CRIMINALS - Not everyone who commits a crime is a criminal. I reserved this area for people like serial poisoners, bank robbers, desperados, outlaws [like Red-Handed Dick and Henry Berry Lowery].
CULTS - Oh yes, they existed back then, and were just as troublesome. Read about Adventists, proponents of Free Loveism, Millerism, the Shakers, the Christian Israelites, the Nazarites, and the Howling Dervishes [Hmm, great name for a rock band]. CURIOSITIES AND WONDERS is a great catchall section, and one of my favorites [of course]. Here you will read about human and animal abnormalities - a youth with three legs and four feet, a lizard living in a man’s stomach, a three horned and three eyed ox, a living skeleton, a four legged chicken - well, you get the idea ;-). CUTLERY AND CUTLERY TRADE - Very important to Greenfield and Turners Falls history.
DANCE - Many kinds of dancing available for the young and the old. From Balls to Belly Dancers.
DEERFIELD, MA DISASTERS- We always have them. However, they don’t have the immediacy that they do nowadays in today’s news. Read about the great Chicago fire of 1871, the great Boston fire of 1872, shipwrecks, earthquakes, floods and explosions.
DISEASES - We’ve got a million of ’em. DIVORCE - the Court makes you jump through hoops, wait years, etc., but divorces do happen.
DREAMS AND SLEEP - Sleep and sleep disorders also included here. DRUG ABUSE - From sulphuric ether, to tobacco, chloral, opium and laudanum.
EXPLORERS - A great time period for exploration. We have Dr. Livingston, Arctic explorers, and more.
EYE - Blindness, accidents, eyeglasses, sore eyes, etc.
FAIRS - held bout once a week - the favorite moneymaker of the women’s church groups. Then there’s the County Fairs, which are covered as thoroughly as possible.
FAMILY - Family reunions, loving families, insane families, incest, and more. Very useful for genealogists.
FARMERS AND FARMING - A hot topic in the 19th century. Also covers tobacco and fertilizers. FASHION - A fun section. Sunbonnets, French kid gloves, waterproof dress goods, garters, corsets, wigs, demi-trains, false insteps, shawls, plaid poplins, striped stockings, chignons, Chinese grass cloth, kilting, etc.
FIRES - There are so many, and so few ways to put them out, that it’s a wonder that any buildings survived the 19th century at all. I had to be very exclusive, and only cover those fires of local and international interest.
FISHES AND FISHING - You can get a barrel of oysters delivered right to your door, andthey are "the" Sunday breakfast.
FOOD - For the gourmet and the every day eater. This section is large and all inclusive. Includes some recipes and all restaurant ads.
FREEMASONRY - A group deserving of their own section. FRENCH - Many influences here, from the Mansard or "French" roofs, stationary, corsets, pottery, jewelry, the Franco-Prussian War, etc. FURNITURE - Wooden items, [and what wood! Black walnut, solid ash, walnut, chestnut] beds and sofas [occasionally covered with haircloth], and some interesting articles about Gardner, Mass., the "chair capital of the world".
GAMBLING - One of the oldest vices. Chinese gambling houses, dog-pits, bets, every day chance taking.
GANGS - Not the Bloods and the Crips, but the homegrown Tough End boys, roughs and rowdies, brigands and juvenile delinquents.
GARBAGE - Remember that this is pre-plastic (in most respects) and that the necessity for community trash dumps is not an issue yet. Most, or all farmers, keep an iron and glass scrap heap somewhere in the back forty - a practice which still occurs today. Some articles do concern garbage - rubbish littering the streets, a city without sewers, ash barrels, etc.
GAYS - ah, this is a tough but rewarding section, where I’ve had to "read between the lines" quite a bit. Included here are men who dressed as women, and women who dressed as men [with the understanding that, especially in women’s cases, this could have been done for economic and other reasons]. Famous figures like Oscar Wilde, Susan B. Anthony and Anna Dickinson are the meat and potatoes of this section. GEOGRAPHY - one of the more recent additions, includes topographical surveys, maps, tourist type articles, etc.
GERMANS - Nice to see this ethnic group portrayed in such a positive light. Local Germans are hard working, athletic, happy, beer drinkers who do not get drunk, like to compete in gymnastic contests, love to dance, etc.
GLASS - a particular favorite of mine, since I dig for, and collect old glass embossed bottles. Bottles, window glass, demi-johns, looking glasses, etc. As time allows, I will scan in some of my "dug" antique bottles for your viewing pleasure. GOVERNMENT - usually Presidents, Congress, and taxes, new states and territories. Many other government related articles will be found under POLITICS.
GYPSIES - always a few passing through, telling fortunes, trading horses, stealing chickens, and kidnapping local children.
HAMPSHIRE & HAMPDEN COUNTIES (MA) A catch all section for all those towns not privileged to be in Franklin County, and yet covered fairly thoroughly here. So look for articles on Amherst, Northampton, and the Massachusetts Agricultural College (the earlier name of the University of Massachusetts).
HANDICAPPED - the blind, the deaf, the lame, the insane - all find a home here. Cork legs, poor houses and alms-houses, deformed infants, hunchbacks, etc. HAWLEY (MA)
HERITAGE ACTIVITIES - will come into their own a little later. For now, centennial celebrations are included here.
HISPANICS - another catchall heading. Latin American activities, as well as Spanish Peninsular items. This subject heading will probably be combined with LATIN AMERICA eventually.
HISTORY - well, it’s all history to us, right? But included here are items which were of historic interest to the inhabitants of the 1870’s - the early days of Greenfield, Deerfield, and Montague; the founding of historical organizations, like the Pocumtuck Valley Memorial Association, and genealogical family histories.
HOLIDAYS - not much different from today’s celebrations. Of course the 4th of July was a maelstrom of fireworks and severed limbs, and Christmas advertising did not occur untilthe two issues before Dec. 25th. Sabbath Schools all had their holiday celebrations, complete with Christmas trees and a song fest, and Valentine’s Day had already started its decline into ignorant and joke cards. Washington’s birthday, All Fool’s Day, May Day, Thanksgiving, New Year’s Day, and Memorial Day are all represented. No sign of Halloween yet. HOOSAC TUNNEL (MA) is rapidly nearing completion. Read about the 19th century version of the "Big Dig". HORSES - I find this section absolutely fascinating. The vital importance of horses for all transportation needs is clearly shown, especially during the "Horse Disease"(Epizootic) of 1872. You either rassled up an oxen or goat, or you walked - in those places not accessible by train, of course.
HOTELS - There’s not that many of them, but they know how to do it up in style, and are a vital part of the town’s culture. This is the era when enormous resort hotels are springing up, and the concept of vacations are taking hold in the middle and upper classes. HOUSEHOLDS is a broad subject; I mainly went by the rule of thumb of what occurred inside a dwelling. Houses were the domain of women, and so items made specifically for women, like sewing machines, find a home here. Hints on cookery and thrift, as well as kitchen appliances also find a home here ;-). Ah yes, the world of washing, ironing, canning, and child rearing.
HUNGARIANS - Why the Hungarians, you say? Well, this is one of those personal interest type headings, since I am half Hungarian.
ICE - a big business, back in the days of pre-refrigeration. Ice was "harvested" from local lakes, and kept cool in warehouses, to be sold in blocks throughout the warm months. Also included here are frozen over rivers and ponds, ice skating, and ice used for drinks and preserving food.
To search for a particular subject term, click on the highlighted link containing that term at the bottom of the article. For example, if you are seeking more articles about animals, click on the highlighted link which says Animals/Reptiles/Amphibians.
Gazette & Courier - Monday, September 20, 1875
Silver wedding - Whoever originated the modern idea of celebrating wedding annniversaries deserves much credit, as all will testify who were present at the residence of Mr. and Mrs. F.G. Davis of Sadawga,Vt. Aug. 25, it being the 25th anniversary of their wedding day. The worthy couple were surprised at dinner by the arrival of friends from Brattleboro, and soon after appeared in a body, 15 other teams, bringing neighbors, relatives and friends to the number of 40 or more, who unceremoniously took possession of the old house, and after greeting and hand shaking, proceeded to enjoy themselves in the most approved style, and as man (and woman as well) is a social being, they succeeded admirably.
Late in the day Mrs. Davis was again surprised by the arrival of sisters and friends from Bennington and White Creek, New York, who had crossed the mountain that day to assist in the celebration.Meanwhile sundry boxes and baskets appeared from their hiding places and their contents loaded the dining tables with the many good things which our mountain ladies know so well how to produce.
The tables were also beautifully decorted with flowers and two elegant vases, the gift of one of the guests, added much to their tasteful appearance. After refreshments Rev. N.E. Jenkins, in a few timely remarks, addressed the bride and groom, and in behalf of the donors presented a few articles of silver - a caster, cake basket, napkin rings, spoons and forks and some pieces of statuary.
Mr. Davis responded briefly, but to the point, referring to the same day 25 years ago. Though a shade of sadness marked the occasion, on account of the recent death of the aged father of the groom, the day was one long to be remembered by those present. Four generations of the family were present - the mother of the groom, his children, and one grandchild.
Gazette & Courier - Monday, September 13, 1875
The Bloody Brook celebration
The Bloody Brook celebration - Though crippled and discouraged by the disastrous fire, the people of South Deerfield do not propose to "back out" of the Bicentennial Celebration of the Massacre of Bloody Brook which had been arranged for next Fri. With the aid and the cooperation of the residents of Old Deerfield and neighboring towns, they propose to carry out the programme, giving the thousands who may come to participate in the honors and pleasures of the day a cordial and generous welcome.
The services of commemoration are held in connection with the sixth annual field meeting of the Pocumtuck Valley Memorial Association. The President of the day is Hon. George T. Davis of Portland, Me., with Hon. George Grennell, Hon. James S. Whitney, Col. David Wells, Rev. C.S. Brooks, James C. Arms, Henry Childs, George W. Jones, Hon. W.B. Washburn, Rev. F.A. Warfield, Rev. J.F. Moors, Col. Austin Rice for Vice Presidents.
A grand procession will be formed at the depot on the arrival of the train from the north at 10 1/2 a.m., Col. J.B. Parsons of Northampton acting as Chief Marshal. Participating in the parade will be 7 companies of Col. Parson's command, the 2nd Regiment, the South Deerfield Band, members of the Grand Army and Veterans of the late war, the officers, speakers and poets of the day, Patrons of Husbandry, aged citizens, invited guests and other civic bodies and citizens generally.
The order of exercises will be as follows: Dirge by the South Deerfield Band; opening address by George Sheldon, Chairman of the Committee; an original ode by E.W.B. Canning, sung by the Quartette Club; prayer by the Chaplain, Rev. C.S. Brooks; music by the Band; oration by Hon. George B. Loring of Salem; collation; music; poem by William Everett of Cambridge; ode by Miss Eliza A. Starr, sung by the Quartette Club; and then will follow short addresses, music, etc.
The collation will be served in the same way as at the Whatelly Centennial - paper napkins being distributed and the provisions then passed around. The Deerfield Guards had invited several companies of their regiment, intending to provide for their entertainment, but as the fire destroyed some $500 or $600 worth of property belonging to the Guards, they are almost in a bankrupt condition, and the citizens of the town have now come forward and guarantee to furnish the military with a collation.
The people who attend are supposed to carry their lunch baskets and are requested to furnish what they can for our guests of the town who come unprovided. As the hotels of the place have been destroyed, all strangers will be dependent upon the citizens for entertainment. Passengers over the Connecticut River Railroad will be transported for half fare. and the same courtesy will be extended from North Adams and stations west of Greenfield on the Vt. & Mass. road.
All Grangers who attend the Bi-centennial are requested to report at the house of Norman B. Clark, a little south of the monument near the grave of Lathrop, where a committee of the order will be in readiness to receive and wait upon them. The people of Deerfield will be called upon to contribute provisions for the occasion by solicitors in each neighborhood, and they should be prepared to contribute biscuit, cold meats and plain cake.
The Pocumtuck Lodge of Odd Fellows of Greenfield have voted to attend the gathering and parcipate in the parade. The committee of arrangements though not issuing special invitations, desire the attendance of all organizations, including the Grand Army and other secret societies.
Gazette & Courier - Monday, August 23, 1875
Statue of Prince Arminius
The ceremony unveiling the statue of Herrmann, Prince Arminius, took place at Detmoldt, Germany on Mon. The Journal about a week since gave a brief history of this personage, who was the chief deliverer of Germany from the Roman power over 1800 years ago. The festival commenced on Sun. by the reception of Emperor William and his Princes and other leading men of the nation. There was a fine military display and long processions from all over the country. At least 50,000 people were without beds on Sun. night. The monument and statue were commenced 37 years ago. The great deeds of the chieftain were achieved when the Savior of all men was in his 9th year.
Visiting our cemetery the other eve., we were greatly impressed from the many new graves within a year. The past season has been sad, very sad to us. Who has not wept o’er some loved one fallen? Pure white tablets, monumental shafts, marble slabs, how thickly we are marking here and there o’er our new made graves. Beautiful flowers, wreaths, yet watered with bitter tears speaks to the soul of grief not simulated but sincere. One of the most tastefully decorated here is the work of Mrs. Chandler Field; her husband and child’s grave with other members of the household lying in the neatly laid out, and well cared for elegant home lot.
At one end is the grave of their bound boy taken from the Monson Almshouse http://www.hampdenco...nson/everts/033.html who died also with the diphtheria. Tender, kindly hand-robed the childish form laying him gently down with their own kindred dead, and we saw last night sweet fresh flowers on his grave. Heaven’s blessing will rest on those who care for the poor orphaned waifs of humanity.
Gazette & Courier - Monday, August 2, 1875
A substantial gravel walk is being made across Cushman Park, and when it is completed, as it was intended it should be by its generous and public spirited Testator, and the Cushman monument is removed there, or a soldier's monument is erected therein, it will be an ornament to the town, for which every citizen may feel justly proud. [The soldiers' monument was indeed erected, and will post a pic when I can find one].
Gazette & Courier - Monday, August 2, 1875
Enough money has been subscribed to complete, this summer, the pilgrim monument at Plymouth, except the surmounting statue of Faith, the working model of which has been placed into the hands of Batterson & Co. of Hartford, Ct. [Now called National Monument to the Forefathers. Check it out at Wikipedia].
Gazette & Courier - Monday, July 26, 1875
News about home: Greenfield items
The relatives of the late Col. George D. Wells http://www.civilwarhome.com/wellsnewmarket.htm have contributed towards the fund for the Soldiers’ Tablet. Besides the check they also sent to E.E. Day Post a large photograph of Col. Wells’ horse ’Charlie’. He was assigned a place in the recent grand procession at the Bunker Hill Centennial, and his war record, which is printed beneath the photograph, is as follows:
In June 1861, Charlie, then 10 or 12 years old, was in an army wagon in Washington City. From this he was purchased by Lieut. Col. George D. Wells of the 1st Mass. Volunteers. He was first under fire at Blackburn’s Ford, July 18, 1861, and received a flesh wound from a spent cannon ball. With the First Regiment he passed through the seige of Yorktown, the battle of Williamsburg, the camp life in White Oak Swamp, and the great retreat.
In Aug. 1862 he changed his regiment, his master having been appointed Colonel of the 34th Mass. The next winter was passed at Fort Lynn, where Charlie learned the cavalry drill. The following year was spent in skirmishing with the rebels in and near Harper’s Ferry. then came a year of hard marching and fighting up and down the Shenandoah Valley, during which the regiment marched over a thousand miles, fought 9 battles besides numerous skirmishes, and lost 661 men and 88 officers.
On the 13th of Oct. 1864, in a reconnaisance near Cedar Creek, Col. Wells was killed. hCarlie was not carrying him at the time, but he was saddled and in reserve. He was himself wounded in two places in this same skirmish, and came back to Boston with a bullet in his hip, in charge of the officers who brought home his master’s body. Under good care he recovered and is now perfectly well, except that his age sometimes shows itself in the wounded leg.
Gazette & Courier - Monday, June 7, 1875
News about home: Greenfield items
The plan of procuring a tablet that shall bear the names of Greenfield's dead soldiers has been changed somewhat. It is now deemed best to have the tablet or tablets in a more permanent form than was at first proposed. Mr. Batterson, who furnished the design for our soldier's monument, says that bronze tablets could be affixed near the base giving the names of the soldiers, and not mar in the least the beauty and symmetry of the structure. In this form the names of our heroic dead could be preserved for hundreds of years. The expense attending the preparation of the tablets will be some $200 to $300 dollars, which it is proposed to raise by subscription. Several generous contributions have already been made.
Gazette & Courier - Monday, May 17, 1875
The statue of Daniel Webster has been accepted by the New York Park Commissioners
The statue of Daniel Webster has been accepted by the New York Park Commissioners, and it has been decided to place it in Central Park. The unveiling of the statue, it is expected, will take place in June next.
Gazette & Courier - Monday, May 10, 1875
News about home: Greenfield items
At the last meeting of Edwin E. Day Post, a committee was appointed to procure a simple tablet which should bear the names of all Greenfield soldiers who died in the war. It is quite important the names of these men should be preserved in some permanent way, and as the construction of the tablet, which it is proposed for the present to place in Grand Army Hall will be attended with more or less expense, we trust that our citizens will render the surviving soldiers such assistance in the matter as may be required.
Gazette & Courier - Monday, May 3, 1875
There was a very full response to the call for a meeting Mon. eve. to consider the expediency of appropriately celebrating the 200th anniversary of the massacre of Capt. Lathrop and his men. Charles Arms presided and William Warner acted as Secretary. Remarks made by gentlemen present showed the deepest interest in the enterprise. George Sheldon, Charles Arms, Nathaniel Hitchcock, B.R. Hamilton, and Dexter Childs were appointed a General Committee to arrange for the celebration, and were instructed to appoint subcommittees...The literary exercises are to take place and refreshments served in tents to be erected near the monument. The Pocumtuck Valley Memorial Association are to be invited to participate in the celebration.
Gazette & Courier - Monday, March 29, 1875
The full length statue of plaster of Daniel Webster http://www
The full length statue of plaster of Daniel Webster , presented by the eminent sculptor Thomas Ball, and which for a long time stood in the Merchant's exchange at Boston, has been set up in the college library at Dartmouth college.
Gazette & Courier - Monday, March 22, 1875
News about home (Greenfield)
Washington Hall was not too capacious for the throng of people who attended the mock trial of the Greenfield Lyceum Fri. eve., for every desirable seat in the body of the house was occupied. The witnesses for the prosecution having been examined at the previous session of the court, the defense was opened by Attorney Cooley, and a number of witnesses were put upon the stand, including the prisoners who testified on their own behalf.
/ The plea for the defendants was made by W. Johnson and the summing up for the prosecution was by B.S. Parker. The pathetic eloquence of the counsel, who set forth the points of the case in the brightest color, caused visible emotion among the jurors and the audience.
/ Chief Justice Lee's charge to the jury gave a plain outline of their duty. He cautioned them not to let any tender sympathy or pity for the prisoners, bias or warp their convictions of justice. The jury retired under the charge of Sheriff Owen; they returned once for instruction on a doubtful point, but soon found a verdict of guilty. The prisoners stood up and received their sentence. The penalty for their misconduct was to pay for a supper to be partaken of by the officers of the court at Richardson's, and failure to comply they were to be burned at a stake before the monument on the Common. Thus ended the trial which had furnished some decidedly rich developments, and was attended with only less interest than the case of Tilton vs. Beecher. The programme of the next meeting to be held at Grand Army Hall next Fri. eve. will include a criticism of the trial by Newell snow, and the discussion of the question, "Resolved: that poverty develops character better than wealth", with P. Field to open the affirmative, and W.D. Chandler the negative.
Gazette & Courier - Monday, February 15, 1875
Washington City during the Rebellion
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Washington,_D.C. Washington City during the Rebellion - Not one street was paved for any great consecutive distance; there was not a street car in the city, the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_Capitol Capitol was without a dome, and the new wings were filled with workmen. No Fire Department worthy of the name was to be seen, and a mere constabulary comprised the police, which had to call on the http://www.dcmilitar...hall/hh_history.html United States Marines , as in 1857,when the latter fired upon a mob, and killed and wounded a large no. of people. The water supply was wholly afforded by pumps and springs. Gas had been in partial use for several years, but little else was lighted except Pennsylvania Avenue and the public buildings. Not one of the departments was half finished. The President's house was beleaguered with stables, wooden fences, and patches of bare earth. Nearly one half of the city was cut off from the rest by a ditch, and called the Island, while an intervening strip of mall and park was patrolled by outlaws and outcasts, with only a bridge here and there for outlet. The river side was a mass of earthen bluffs pierced by two streets, and scarcely obtainable for mire and obstructions. Georgetown communicated with the capital by an omnibus line, and there was no ferry to Alexandria to be remembered as such, except in the sensitive traditions of the oldest residents. There was a show of hotel accommodation, on which we need not linger in memory of a http://history.furma...ocs/papgsu56611a.htm Congressman shooting a white waiter dead in the dining room at Willard's, of a President welcomed to his inauguration with the http://en.wikipedia....tional_Hotel_disease National Hotel disease . Slavery seemed to take delight in pressing its exposures upon the notice of Northern men and foreigners. There was a http://query.nytimes...3BA2575BC0A9629C8B63 slave pen under the eaves of the Smithsonian Institution. Manacled men were marched down the avenue handcuffed together. To take a Northern paper was a stigma; and for an abolitionist to lecture would have been to revive the riots around the http://www.washingto...izon/aug98/pearl.htm National Era office. There were good and bad elements in the place, but society had its depths and heights. To bear arms was common and they were used on quick occasion. In short, the city was relatively in embryo as much as when Moore, Weld, Janson and http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Basil_Hall Basil Hall described it early in the century. A comparative description of the cities of Washington and Richmond during the Civil War would epitomize the relative vigor, constructiveness and confidence of the embattled sections. Nothing was built in Richmond which commemorates the Confederate government at this day except earth works and the State Capitol, designed by Jefferson, which was finished the year the National Capitol was commenced, fell in only a few years after the close of the war, burying court, legislature and spectators in a charnel of smoke and wailing. But the civic portion of the national capital never grew with the rapidity which it showed when menaced by the public enemy. At an expense of $1,5000,000, 68 ports in a circuit of 37 miles were thrown up, connected by 32 miles of good roadway, all of which is still available to the tourist and the teamster. The long bridge, which had been opened in 1835, was rebuilt, the railroad bridge beside it constructed; the railroad from New York doubled in truck, the aqueduct, which has cost about $3,000,000 was steadily carried on within fire of the enemy; the dome was raised on the capital, and saluted by the guns of all the forts as the statue of Freedom took its place on the summit; the Treasury was all completed except one wing, and has cost almost $6,000,000; the Post Office was almost all built during the war, and the Patent Office, which cost $2,200,000 was completed in 1867. The first street railroad was opened in 1862. The fortune of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad was made by the war, and its $13,000,000 of debt had become a vast surplus by the time it distributed the Federal armies to their homes. Common schools followed emancipation. Every facility of modern comfort had been either supplied or suggested, and the private property which had been deserted in hundreds of cases by the owners, and offered for sale at little more than the expense of [?] in 1861, more than recovered its value a year before the surrender of Lee (Collier's Magazine).
Gazette & Courier - Monday, January 25, 1875
She loved him so tenderly
She loved him so tenderly - it was in Missouri - that she hoped the gift of a new shirt, which he needed very much, would move him to requital. With her own fair fingers she stitched it and she hemmed it, and then he put it on; and (such is the ingratitude of man!) he went sparking another young woman! Did the insulted maiden cast herself for the part of http://www.wga.hu/fr...o/orley/virtue1.html Patience on a monument? Not much! Taking in her hand a deadly revolver she sought the domicile of the deceiver, and presenting the weapon, she cried to him in determined accents, "Take off that shirt!" Sadly, but not at all slowly, he disrobed, and when he had placed the garment in her avenging hands, she flung it to the flames (in the fireplace) and then bitterly watched its combustion. This accomplished - she left him to his reflections - left him minus his sweet heart and his shirt - left him to agony of soul and frigidity of body, and his original shabbiness of personal appearance.
Gazette & Courier - Monday, January 11, 1875
The worth of a man
The worth of a man - In the very heart of the Adirondack wilderness, the lonely trail comes suddenly tip on an open, and a solitary grave. It is miles and miles away from any habitation of the living, this monument to the dead, standing out from the level meadowland of Calamity Pond [named as such because this is where David Henderson accidentally shot and killed himself], a white speck against the green of the encircling forest, and the purple of the overshadowing hills. Tramping on through what was once a wood road, cut to drag this very stone to mark http://www.adirondac...y/mcintyre.mine.html David Henderson's grave , a road now overgrown into a difficult trail; the traveler reaches at nightfall the ghostly and deserted village of the Upper Works [of http://www.adirondac...yre.mine.photos.html McIntyre Mine or the http://www.apa.state.ny.us/Press/OSI_Tahawus.htm Adirondack Iron Works ]. It is one of the few places in America that has seen the ebb as well as the flood of the human wave. A score of houses stand desolate in the dark, the great furnace shops are idle, the doors of the church long since ceased to creak on their rusty hinges, the long street is green with grass and more still than the forest depths. This sad place is the real monument of the man whose grave is at the lonely spot to which his death gave name; he was its soul, and when the life went out from him, it went out also from this once busy village. There was never stronger testimony to the worth of a man, to the frequent importance of one life in the commonplace run of affairs. The Upper Works was a post of the Adirondack Mining Company, and Henderson seems to have been the ruling spirit which gave motive to the work. There were difficulties to contend against, the costs of transportation were high, there was this and that in the way, and a live man was needed to overcome them. This man died, everything went under, the scores or hundreds of dependent people got away as best they could, and there remains only the two people hushed into a shadowy life by the spirit of the place, who are paid to stay there and protect the interests of the company. There was in Dublin some years ago, the great iron and ship-building house of http://www.cil.ie/sh675x4532.html Walpole, Webb & Bewley , on whom nearly a thousand persons were dependent. It was the largest concern of the kind in Ireland, and rested on one man, a young man of about 30, and the junior partner. He had come into the firm and saved the house in a period of embarrassment, and it was wholly his brains and energy that kept it afloat through the hard times. One day he went out in the harbor in his Rob Roy canoe - it was in the days of that fever - his boat turned over, he was entangled in the tackle, and drowned in sight of his friends on shore. Immediately the work in the yards stopped, the firm failed, and the whole thousand were reduced to distress because this one man had died. It is not necessary therefore to seek the life of a Napoleon to illustrate of what vital importance one man may be to his fellowmen. We hear much of how the waters close over the quenched life, leaving but the momentary ripple to mark a grave, but we do not hear so much as we might of this other side of the story. Yet these are tales which it is well to have often told. They should inspirit men to an appreciation of the possible opportunities of life, whether they walk in narrow paths or on the high trails of the world in the world's sight. A great deal should come of the application to human life of the scientist's doctrine, that nothing can be lost. It is the same with human influence as with the forces with which he deals. It is convertible, through other men, into power to move the world, for we are taught also that the earth itself leaps up in its proportion to meet every footfall toward itself, and in like fashion each man in his degree moves the mass of men. A man must live his every day life the better when he feels thus fully its possibility of outcome. For the worth of a man is a value that can be measured by no finite laws (New York Mail).
Gazette & Courier - Monday, December 28, 1874
(Greenfield) John Osterhout, in addition to the cozy little houses he has placed upon the trees about the monument statue, for the accommodation of our little friends the sparrows, has had construct
(Greenfield) John Osterhout, in addition to the cozy little houses he has placed upon the trees about the monument statue, for the accommodation of our little friends the sparrows, has had constructed a sort of hotel or feeding establishment for the birds, and which he calls a Christmas present. It is quite an extensive and fine looking affair. It was made by the Chapin Brothers.
Gazette & Courier - Monday, December 21, 1874
A white marble monument has been placed over the grave of William H. Seward, at Auburn, N.Y. It is in the form of a table, with a cinerary urn at one end. Besides the name it bears the following mott
A white marble monument has been placed over the grave of William H. Seward, at Auburn, N.Y. It is in the form of a table, with a cinerary urn at one end. Besides the name it bears the following motto: "He was faithful".
Gazette & Courier - Monday, December 7, 1874
A small monument to Agassiz [Jean Louis Rodolphe Agassiz] has been set up at Montier in Switzerland where he was born, bearing the fo
A small monument to http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/history/agassiz.html Agassiz [Jean Louis Rodolphe Agassiz] has been set up at Montier in Switzerland where he was born, bearing the following inscription: "J. Louis Agassiz, a celebrated naturalist, was born in this house, the 28th of May, 1807".