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Jan 21, 2022
Franklin County (MA) News Archive
The Franklin County Publication Archive Index

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Article Archives: Articles: Rich People

Showing 25 of 451

Posted by stew - Sun, Feb 21, 2010

Gazette & Courier - Monday, September 20, 1875
Bummers in San Francisco

Bummers in San Francisco ... San Francisco has a ...full ... of bummers. Nowhere else can a worthless fellow too lazy to work, too cowardly to steal, get on so well. The climate befriends him, for he can sleep out of doors 4/5 of the year, and the free lunch opens to him boundless vistas of carnal delights. He can gorge himself daily, for a nominal sum get a dinner that a king would envy for 50 cents.

There are two classes of saloons where the midday repasts are furnished - two-bit places and one-bit places. In the first he gets a drink and a meal. In the second he gets a drink and a meal of inferior quality. He pays for the drink, 25 or 15 cents, according to the grade of the place, and gets his meal for nothing.

This consists of,in the better class of establishment, soup, boiled salmon, roast beef of the best quality, bread and butter, potatoes, tomatoes, crackers, and cheese.
Many of these places are fitted up in a style of Oriental grandeur. A stragner entering one of them casually might be under the delusion that he had found his way by mistake to the salon of a San Francisco millionaire.

He would find mirrors reaching from floor to ceiling, carpets of the finest texture and most appropriate patterns, massive tables covered with papers and periodicals, the walls embellished with expensive paintings. A large picture which had adorned a famous drink bar and free lunch house was sold the other day for $12,500. Some of the keepers are men of education and culture. One is an art critic of high local repute, who has written ...very readable...San Francisco. Scribner’s.

[After struggling to read this, I found it to be an excerpt of Scribner’s Monthly, July 1875, "The city of the Golden Gate", by Samuel Williams, p. 274].


Subjects: Art, Chinese, Dreams / Sleep, Economics, Education, Fishes and Fishing, Food, Furniture, Liquors, Literature / Web Pages, Meat, Rich People, Robbers and Outlaws, Royalty, Sales, Tramps, Vendors and Purchasers, Weather, Work

Posted by stew - Sun, Feb 21, 2010

Gazette & Courier - Monday, September 20, 1875

Married in Holyoke Sept. 8, Frederick H. Warner of Boston to Eleanor Skinner, eldest daughter of William Skinner.

[For more information, see Google Books "Encyclopedia of Massachusetts, biographical--genealogical, Volume 6"
by William Richard Cutter].

Subjects: Boston (MA), Family, Hampshire / Hampden Counties, Literature / Web Pages, Marriage and Elopement, Massachusetts, Rich People

Posted by stew - Fri, Feb 12, 2010

Gazette & Courier - Monday, September 20, 1875

Northfield - The Evangelists Moody and Sankey, with Prof. [?] and Col. Whittle, had a consultation with George P. Stuart

and L.P. Rowland of Philadelphia,William E. Dodge Jr. and R.R. McBurney of New York, and D.W. McWilliams, T.H. Mervin and W.W. Wicks of Brooklyn at Northfield Tues., over the proposed revival campaign in America.

No definite decision was arrived at as to the point for beginning this work, although the sentiment was for either New York or Philadelphia, with the probability that the last place will be selected. The work will be begun about November, and meantime Mr. Sankey has gone to his home at Newcastle, Pa. Mr. Moody will remain in Northfield, [?] and Bliss will work in the West and Southwest, and [?] will begin in St. Paul, Minn.

Subjects: Northfield (MA), Religion, Rich People, Work

Posted by stew - Wed, Feb 10, 2010

Gazette & Courier - Monday, September 20, 1875

Orange - Prescott Foskett, a respected citizen and well-to-do farmer, committed suicide by hanging himself at Orange, Sat. afternoon the 11th. He visited his son's wife, and deposited his spectacles, money, and a few mementos, stating that he was going to put himself out of the way. Upon being asked what was the trouble, he said he had seen trouble enough.

His son was immediately informed of his father's intentions, and a search was commenced for him, but after an hour proved unsuccessful; then an alarm was given, and business about the place was generally suspended. After another hour search, the body of Mr. Foskett was found suspended to a tree, about a half a mile from his son's house. The act occasions intense excitement in the vicinity. Domestic troubles are said to have led to the act. He was about 68 years old.

Subjects: Economics, Eye, Family, Farmers & Farming / Flowers, Households, Marriage and Elopement, Orange (MA), Rich People, Suicide, Trees

Posted by stew - Sun, Jan 24, 2010

Gazette & Courier - Monday, September 20, 1875

Conway - It is said that Arthur Tucker and R.M. Cook have been taking a short trip to the sea shore. There are some new goods in Mr. Tucker's store since his return.

Subjects: Businesspeople, Conway (MA), Rich People, Rivers / Lakes / Oceans, Stores, Retail, Vacations, Vendors and Purchasers

Posted by stew - Sun, Jan 24, 2010

Gazette & Courier - Monday, September 20, 1875
Hampshire County items

J.C. Newton of Holyoke has returned from his year's trip to California and the West.

Subjects: Hampshire / Hampden Counties, Rich People, Trains, Vacations

Posted by stew - Thu, Feb 19, 2009

Gazette & Courier - Monday, September 13, 1875

Hawley - J.U. Houston, our village blacksmith, has been making 3 pairs of his chain bits for Mrs. George William Curtis of Ashfield, who is quite a horsewoman. These bits are made in the highest style of art, and being plated with nickel, shine like silver, and do not tarnish. Strength and beauty are here combined, and any horse that wears them may thus far well be proud of his adornments. A woman of taste, on seeing them, remarked that they were almost good enough for a lady's adornments.

Subjects: Animals / Reptiles, Art, Ashfield (MA), Business Enterprises, Horses, Rich People, Women, Hawley (MA), Jewelry / Gold / Silver / Treasure

Posted by stew - Thu, Feb 12, 2009

Gazette & Courier - Monday, September 13, 1875
The Catamount Hill Coleraine Reunion

The Catamount HIll Coleraine Reunion - The reunion of the present and former members of Catamount Hill, Coleraine occurred on Wed. Sept. 1. There was quite a large gathering of people, and the exercises which were as follows, were interesting and endorsed by those present: Reading of Scriptures by Andrus Shippee [also seen as Andros Shippee], President of the day, from Benjamin Farley’s old family Bible; Prayer by Daniel Davenport, an old resident of the hill; Hymn, Coronation Chronological History, by Dr. A.F. Davenport; Hymn, arranged for the occasion:

"This mountain, ’tis of thee
Land of sweet memory
Of thee we sing
Land where our fathers died
Land of their early pride
Aye from this mountain side
Let music ring.

Our native Mountain, thee
Land of the parent tree
Thy name we love.
We love the rocks and rills
Thy woods and towering hills
Our heart within us thrills
Like that above.

Welcome from Western lands
Thrice welcome in our hands
Ye friends of yore.
From distant home released
To mingle in glad feast
With kindred from the east
As wont before.

Let music swell the breeze
And ring from all the trees
Sweet memory’s song
Let every tongue awake
Let all that breathe partake
Let rocks their silence break
the sound prolong.

Our fathers, God, to thee
The highest praises be
To thee we song
Long may our lives be bright
Protect us by Thy might
Great God our King.

Family History, by Miss Emma Farley; Song, by Miss Gertrude Baker; Old Oaken Bucket, by David Cary; Sixty Years Ago, by Miss Nellie Ives; Dinner; After dinner there were speeches from a number of those present. The following is Dr. Davenport’s http://archiver.root...Y/2001-06/0991943526 address:

Chapter 1

And it came to pass in the reign of George and Martha, that certain tribes of the people who dwelt in many parts of the land, bethought themselves that they would leave their birth right to their brethren, and depart from the land of their fathers and go into a far off country, and make by the sweat of the brow a more noble inheritance, both to themselves and to their children.

And there was in these days a mighty wilderness, and no man kneweth the end thereof. Neither did any man dwell therein, save a few of the wandering tribes of the Gentiles called the "red man". And these did neither plant nor gather into barns; only slay a few wild beasts with the bow and arrow, for they were archers.

And now in the midst of the wilderness arose up even into the heavens an exceedingly high mountain, which was fair to look upon from the plains below, for it was covered with mighty trees even into the brow thereof. And then did roam upon this mountain many wild beasts, but the one that did most abound was one which was very fleet of foot, and did prey upon the lesser beasts of the forest, and upon the flocks of those who journeyed hither, and was called the catamount, and the region did very much abound in rocks which were the fastnesses of these beasts, and there was a cave which did reach even to the bowels of the earth in which these beasts did make their dens, and so much had they increased and multiplied that they were a terror to the coming tribes of the mountains, wherefore that place is called Catamount HIll to this day.

Chapter 2

Now the names of some of the tribes who first journeyed hither were these: Aaron, whose surname was Cary, Israel and Peter, and Amasa of the tribe of Shippee. Alden, who was also named Willis. Elihu of the tribe of Holden, and Paul, who was also called Davenport. And these said among themselves, come, let us get up and make some war upon the forests, and drive out the wild beasts, and make unto ourselves habitations.

And all the elders of the tribes said they would do so, for the thing was right in the eyes of all the people. And Aaron said unto Jemima, his wife, come, let us gather ourselves together, even from the middle of the Borough, and let us with our children travel westward, and they came and took up their abode upon the east side of the mountain.

And behold Hezekiah, whose surname was Smith, dwelt also on the east side of the mountain, even unto the entering in of the wilderness from the river. And their flocks were multiplied, for they dwelt among plants and hedges. And Peter went up and Amasa and all lsrael unto this mountain, and the tribe of Farly.

And Anan, also called Bass, went with Joseph, whose surname was Farnsworth, and they dwelt near together in the hollow according to their generations. And in those days came Paul and Alice, his wife, and they made war upon the wild beasts of the forests, and they pitched their tent and dwelt at the border thereof, where they cleared the land and had green pastures, and their flocks and herds were multiplied and they also begat children, whose names were Zacheus, Thomas and Paul, Daniel and Levi; and they also had daughters given unto them: Lydia, Sally and Alice.

And now Alice lay sick of a fever, and great fear came upon the whole household for she was nigh unto death. And Paul saddled his beast and did go for one Nathaniel, who dwelt in the valley by the river, and whose appellation was "Dr. Nat". And he came with saddlebags and he gave unto her pills of buckthorn and aloes,and the drink of herbs, queen of the meadow, motherwort and sarsaparilla, and after many days she recovered, and great rejoicing came upon all the household.

And behold Nathaniel found that she was fair to look upon, and he said, come in unto me and let us dwell together. And Alice said, I will go; and they went to dwell at the head of the meadow, in a house builded by one Artemas and Ruth. And now it came to pass after this, Joel, one of the Chiefs, and Zenas, the son of Cary, sent messengers to Nathaniel, and timbers of cedar, with masons and carpenters to build him a barn. And they builded it 40 cubits long; the stable thereof was 10 cubits, and a threshing floor 10 cubits and 20 cubits for a bay.

Chapter 3

Now it came to pass in those days, as Aaron sat in his house, that Aaron said to Jemima, his wife: "Behold, our meal getteth low, and our children hunger for bread, give unto me! I pray thee a bag that I may fill it with corn and go to the grinders". And Jemima said, go do all that is in thy heart. And Aaron arose and went. And it came to pass as he was journeying homeward from the mill, the even was come and darkness fell upon the whole land, and a great fog encompassed him about, and his way was lost. And Aaron lifted up his voice and cried aloud "Jemima! Jemima!! JEMIMA!!!"

Now Jemimah heard the cry of Aaron and answered, In here am I. But he heard her not, for her voice was weak. So she straightway took a stick and beat vehemently upon the side of the house, and Aaron hearing the sound thereof hastened homeward. Now the sons of Aaron were Zenas and Levi, but Levi died before his father and had no children. And the children of Zenas and Sally, his wife, who were of the tribe of Maxam, were these: Charlotte and Mariettie, John and George, William, David and Levi, 7 in all.

But the days of Mariettie on the earth were as a shadow, and she was not, for God took her; and Charlotte had wisdom and knowledge granted unto her, and she came in and went out before the children and taught them. And the sons of Zenas were skillful to work in stone and in timber and in tilling the land.

And behold, William was wiser than the others about bees, and the queens of Italia, and did make unto himself a great name. And David, like one of old, was a mighty man and a slayer of beasts and of cattle, and behold, the flesh thereof he did keep in markets, and with it he did feed the tribes of Aaron.

And now after many days it came to pass that Aaron and Jemima, being full of years, died. And Zenas and Sally reigned in their stead.

Chapter 4

Now Amasa, Israel and Peter were the three divisions of our tribe, who came to dwell in the hill country and they went even unto the top of the mountain and sought pastures for their flocks. Even over against the habitations of the wild beasts. And behold the house of Amasa increased greatly, and Andrus, Nancy, Jesse, Alvira and Jerusha, Henry, Chauncey, Nathan, Thankful and Kate, all these mentioned by their names, were the children of Amasa and Rhoda.

And after these days Rhoda saith unto Amasa, behold how our house has been multiplied, let us enlarge our borders, I pray thee, that there may be room in our house to dwell there. And this saying pleased Amasa and he straightway brought his cattle and his oxen, and gathered stones and timber and did build him an house, such as one as had not been there before him. He also made shingles of cedar and spruce and covered his house therewith.

Now Amasa was a man of great stature, even 5 cubits high. And Rhoda wrought fine linen and kersey, and with it did make clothes for her family and for Andrus, her first born. For behold, Rhoda was an helpmeet unto Amasa.

Now the children of Israel were Ira, Zovia, Azuba, Anan, Amasa, Catherine, Abraham, Israel, Martha and one younger called Darling. Now the children of Ira, the first born, were these: Delana, Dordana and Diana, and a son, a shepherd, who died in his youth. And Ira spake unto Dilla, his wife, to appoint their daughters to be the singers. So the daughters were appointed, and with their neighbors did often make merry with corn huskings and apple pearings [probably meant parings] with playing and dancing, making great noise with viols and with harps.

And it came to pass in these days that George took wives from the daughters of Ira, and went to dwell with Zenas, his father. And Zenas saith "Unto thee will I give the land of our fathers, even the house of Aaron, for the lot of thine inheritance" and he abode there many days. And George had exceeding much riches and honor, and he made himself treasures of silver and gold. Also storehouses for the increase of corn and stalls for all manner of beasts, and cotes for flocks, for God had given him substance very much.

And George prospered in all his works, and now sleeps with his fathers; and they buried him in the chiefest of the sepulchres of the sons of Aaron. And all the inhabitants of the hill town did him honor at his death, and Clark, his son, reigned in his stead.

And behold, Ira dwelt many years upon the mountain heights, well content with his lot. And one door of his house opened southward, and he was wont to remove his waistcoat and tarry long, even in the heat of the sun. Before his door, even near the steps thereof, the sweet-heart which Dilla had planted and watered waxed strong. And the sunflower towered high, even 6 cubits, and their fowls, their geese and their turkeys did gather in the shade thereof.

After these things it came to pass that Ira was stricken with a malady too grievous to be borne, and he died and rested with his father. And Dilla went to dwell in the house of her daughter, near the banks of the river; and in fullness of time she died. And behold, now the house of Ira was left desolate.

Chapter 5

And it came to pass in those days that Peter saw that it was not good for man to dwell alone. Now Dorcas was of the tribe of the Pikes, and Peter saw that she was fair, and he said unto her: "Dorcas, if you love me less buss [?] and they went to dwell together; and they builded them an house near the brook by the side of a rock, and nigh unto the habitations of Paul and of Levi. And lo! a mighty storm arose and it beat vehemently upon the house, but it fell not for it was founded by the rock, and darkness was upon the whole land for it was night.

And lo! while Peter and Dorcas slept, a thunderbolt descended from the heavens and did rend the house, and even the bed whereon they slept! and behold, it did divide in twain the soap trough, and did scatter the contents broadcast over the house and the children. And the dog and the swine were killed, and grat fear came upon all the household. And Peter arose and spake unto Dorcas, his wife, "Come, let us arise and give thanks unto the Lord, for he has been merciful unto us; He has saved us from the mighty judgments of the Lord".

And the next day was the Sabbath, and many people gathered in the house of the Lord, and as they went, they tarried at the house of Peter and Dorcas, and with them did offer up thankofferings [sic] that they were saved from the terrors of the thunderbolt, and He had made their lives precious in his sight. And Peter gathered with all the people in the house of the Lord, and Myres, the Elder, arose and said "The Lord hath been good unto his people; yea, He hath showed a great mercy even unto the house of Peter".

So Peter arose and sang a hymn:

"God moves in a mysterious way,
His wonders to perform
He plants his footsteps in the sea
And rides upon the storm".

And all the people said amen. And the Lord blessed Peter and his seed was multiplied: Peter, Susie, Rolly and Fanny, Annie,, Josiah, Patience, Eliza, Paul, Silas and Mila. These were his children - 11 in all.

Chapter 6

And it came to pass in those days that Daniel the prophet was joined to one of the tribe of Barnes, and her name was Patty: and Daniel was famous in his time as an expounder of the Scriptures, mighty in speech, and all the people came to hear him declare the truth on his day. And behold, he was sorely distressed, inasmuch as his substance was oftimes destroyed by fire, and desolation came upon his whole household.

And Daniel humbled himself before the God of his fathers, and the Lord favored Daniel and greatly blessed his household. And these were the sons of Daniel: David, Thomas, Alonzo, Orrie, Tirtious and Hiram; but the names of his daughters were Lucinda, Emily and Caroline. And it came to pass that these all went by themselves in families, some even to the four quarters of the earth, but David and Lucinda did abide near the house of their father.

And after these days Patty the Prophetess died, and Daniel lamented sore. But in process of time, it came to pass that Mary entered into Daniel’s house, and lo! there was restored unto him sevenfold in Mary, who was greater by far than all his former household. For since the time of the fathers there was not found the like in all the tribes of the mountain.

Chapter 7

Now it came to pass that Abraham, the son of Farnsworth, dwelt in the house of Joseph; and after many days Joseph died and Abram [sic] reigned in his stead, with Dolly, who was of the house of Holden. Now Abram was a tiller of the land, and behold, he was barefooted on the top of his head, as was also his father before him. And it came to pass that Orin was pleased with Roxy, the daughter of Abram, and he took her to wife, and they went to dwell in the house left by Nathaniel; and after many days Orin died, and Roxy tarried and reigned there.

And Riley, her brother, did dwell in the house of their father Abram. Now Dolly’s two brothers, Elihu and John, dwelt also on the south side of the mountain near the house of Anan, whose surname was Bass, and behold Anan had an impediment in his speech, and when he was old and infirm he rested from his labors; and Adna and Rebecca reigned there many years after.

Chapter 8

And it came to pass that Abram, the son of Shippee, said unto himself, Behold, I myself am a man, and I will leave even the house of my father Israel. And he married a wife from the tribe of Farley, and her name was Lucy, and they builded them an habitation and dwelt on the north side of the mountain. Now there were daughters born unto them (but behold the son shone not his face in all their household).

Fanny, Jane and Nancy, Martha, Almira and Parthena were the names of the daughters of Abraham. And it came to pass that when men did multiply on the mountains, and daughters were born unto them, that the sons saw the daughters, that they were fair, and they took them wives of all which they chose. And one, a Levite, took the firstborn of Abram; and behold all the daughters were scattered abroad. And after the death of Lucy desolation came upon the whole house. And again, after many days, Abram was joined to another and went to dwell near the plains, in an Ashfield.

Chapter 9

And it came to pass that Peter, the brother of Paul and Silas, said unto Polly, let us pitch our tent and dwell near the house of our fathers, for so it seemeth good. And now behold near by their habitation was a dense swamp, and Peter was a man of great daring, and he fain would have walked upon the surface thereof, but his faith was weak, for there was much water there.

And behold a great calamity fell upon Peter, inasmuch as his nose was divided asunder and one of his eyes were blinded by the kick of old Gilpin, and Peter was sore discouraged, and all his household; and he said unto Polly, "Come, let us journey into a far country, where peradventure we shall find greener pastures for our flocks, and a richer inheritance for our children".

And they went on their journey and Nathaniel possessed the land. And behold Nathaniel was a man of great stature and of large understandings, and he was wont to remove the coverings thereof, and to tarry long among the eels and turtles that did much abound in the meadow ditches.

Now the length of this meadow, and the breadth thereof, was exceedingly great, and in it were many islands, both great and small, covered with trees and shrubs, and with herbs; and lo, Nathaniel and Alice were wont to go out and bring in of the abundance thereof in their season; for behold Nathaniel was a disciple of Hippocrates, and was possessed of the healing art in a great degree; and he had vessels of wood and of iron in which he did compound medicines for the cure of divers maladies.

And now it came to pass when the harvest was ended, and winter drew near, Nathaniel spent the long evenings thereof making baskets of willow, and hooping the sieves which Alice did weave from hair, and did bind with the leaves of the flag. And now Robert, their firstborn, was skillful to work in brass and in iron, and to grave all manner of graving, and to find out any device that was put to him.

And lo, it came to pass that he was pierced with a chisel, and so were his days numbered. And now Nathaniel’s 4th son was called Truair, after one, a high priest, who traveled the circuit of the hill country. Now Truair did in habits much resemble his father; he was a tiller of the ground, and he bethought himself that he would journey in a far country, where he might find more fertile fields; and he bought a parcel of land where he spread his tent.

And there his possessions increased much. And it came to pass in the sixth month - the month Sivan - that he was cultivating the land, when lo, there descended upon him a thunderbolt; and he was taken up dead, and they buried him in the field of burial, in the land of strangers.

And now it came to pass that there was born unto Nathaniel a daughter, and her name was called Lydia. Now Nathaniel and Alice did set their hearts upon her, because she was their only daughter, and well favored. So Lydia dwelt in her father’s household until his death. And she did many things that were praiseworthy, for behold she was a woman zealous of good works. And after many days it came to pass that Lydia was beloved by one Emerson, of the tribe of Cary, and they dwelt henceforth with the Adamonians.

Now Ammon, Joseph, and Jason were also of the household of Nathaniel, and behold they were diligent in sowing wild oats among the rooks and the hedges, and even over the ridgepole of the houses and barns. And after they were well brushed in, it came to pass that they did leave their father’s house, and did join themselves into the society of the Odentologues. And behold they were skillful in the making of gold and silver and of ivory, and did make appliances of cunning device and workmanship, which did even eat and speak for themselves; and all the Edentulous did greatly rejoice.

So they were very diligent in repairing the crumbling incisors, bicuspids and molars, and in all that, pertained to "restoring the contour of the human face divine". And behold one went to dwell with the Gothamites, by the border of the sea; but Joseph builded him an habitation in the Norwood of the Connecticut. and lo, it came to pass, that the house of Ammon was sawn asunder, and again, after many days, it was joified and perfected; and the household of Ammon did rejoice greatly in that they did dwell in broader fields, even in the "valley view" of the winding Hoosac River.

Chapter 10

And it came to pass that Levi was a shepherd born (not made) and behold to him fell the inheritance of Paul his father, and he took up his abode there, and did build him an house of hewn logs and timber. Now the house of Levi was more comely than that of Paul, inasmuch as it was broader and higher and was divided into diverse compartments for the convenience of his family. And behold Susan was exceeding glad and said, Come now, let us build storehouses for our flocks, houses for bees, and also for our cheese.

And now Levi was a man of great cunning and he was skillful int he hiving of bees, and their swarms did greatly increase and behold their household did flow with milk and honey. Now Levi possessed lands in great abundance, and his pastures did much abound in rocks and stones, and no beast could feed thereon, save that their noses were well sharpened. So their pastures did run over with sheep and with lambs, both great and small.

And in these days it came to pass that Levi and Susan did take in abundance of the first fruits of flocks, and of cheese and of honey, and of all the increase of the fields, and the tithe of all these things brought them in abundantly, and their coffers were filled with gold and silver. And behold Levi begat great honor unto himself, inasmuch as he tarried long to possess the lands of his fathers.

Chapter 11

And it came to pass that sundry members of Amasa’s household did journey westward; and one of the daughters tarried just over the mountain, and was joined to one David whose surname was Ives. And Kate, the younger, did worship the son of Simeon the Myres, and again she was made one of the tribe of Benjamin. And behold after many days she did return to the house of her father.

Now Nathan did much resemble his father in that he was tall and of a comely countenance, and he went to dwell in the Hub, where he did dispense to the tribes thereof of the milk of human kindness.

And now Chauncey the brother of Nathan was exceeding tall, even 5 cubits and over. And it came to pass in the reign of King Winter, when he did give his snow like wood, and did scatter his ice like morsels, and his hoar frost like ashes, that one Barton did gather together all the children of the hill tribes saying: harken ye unto me, and I will dispense unto you knowledge and wisdom, and learning in great abundance.

And now much learning did make Chauncey mad, and so he did sit down heavy upon his seat, and low the teacher was sore vexed, and commanded Chauncey that he rise and sit down again. And lo, Chauncey did all that was commanded him in that he did sit down threefold heavier than before, whereupon the teacher did rend his clothes and he drew forth a raw hide and with it Chauncey was beaten with many stripes until the ire of his wrath was kindled.

And behold he leaped over the counter and seized the teacher by the throat, and held him down until he begged for his life. And behold they armed themselves with shovels and with tongs, that they might be defended against the assaults of each other, and there arose a great tumult, and all the children quaked with fear and trembling. And it came to pass that when the noise of these things went abroad, Joel, Zenas and Levi consulted together, and Mary, the daughter of Smith reigned in his stead.

And now Andros the first born of Amasa was a captain and a man of great might, in that he did brave the storms and tempests of the mountain; he was also a man of great courage and daring in that he did dwell many years nearer the lions than any of the other tribes of the mountain; even after all his father’s household had forsaken him and gone. Now Andros did search diligently among all the daughters of the hill country, but found not one who would do him honor. So he chose to dwell alone in single blessedness, and verily he shall not lose his reward.

Chapter 12

Now it came to pass in those days that Alice said unto Emily, Behold, how sin doth abound, and the love of many doth wax cold. Come, let us assemble ourselves together, there am I in their midst. So they took their hymn books and journeyed to the old school house and lighted their candle and placed it under a bushel, but on a candlestick, that it might give light unto all the house. Then after Alice had arisen from her knees they did sing an hymn. And Emily arose and said "Behold, this is the house of the Lord, let us assemble often together"; so Alice lifted up her voice and said "Amen" and they departed to their own households.

And it came to pass that the noise of these things did spread abroad throughout all the region round about. And behold all the tribes of the hill country were greatly moved and they came together by scores and by hundreds. Now Haynes, one of the elders of the people arose, and behold he was like unto Saul the son of Kish, in that he was taller by head and shoulders than the rest of the people, and he cried with a loud voice "Brethren and sisters, hearken unto me". and a great silence fell upon all the multitudes and he said "behold we are all gathered together from near and from far, let us give thanks unto the Lord, sing psalms unto his name".

Now Daniel, whose surname was Dwight, broke forth into singing:

"My chains fell off: glory! I cried
Was it for sinners Jesus died etc. etc. [sic]"

And all the people said amen and amen. And Zenas, who was greatly beloved by all the people, arose and said "Blessed be the Lord God of Israel forever and ever". And behold he did free his mind of a great burden which lay heavily upon it in that he did tell to the brethren and sisters that "he dreamed a dream; and it amounted even unto a vision". And all the people gave ear unto him, and after he had sat down behold Alice broke forth into singing:

"Oh that my load of sin were gone".

And scarcely had the voice of singing died away, when Sarah the Prophetess, the daughter of Hanshaw arose, and as she spoke a great silence fell on all the multitude for she spake of one Joel who had been suddenly taken to his death.

Now all the brethren and sisters knew and loved Joel, and they did mourn sincerely for him. And when these words sounded in their ears, their hearts were filled with sorrow; and they expressed themselves in singing mournfully. And it came to pass that Rebecca arose. Now Rebecca was a woman greatly beloved, and all the people gave ear to her as she said "It rejoiceth my heart greatly to meet with the brethren and sisters, who have come from near and from far". And when she had sat down all the people said amen.

Presently Peter arose, and his head was white and glistening, and a halo glowed around it, and his face did shine even as the light; and he blessed God with all his heart and soul; and behold, all his kinsfolk and neighbors became as lambs for quietness. But Per was greatly beloved, and when he had made an end of his sayings, he sang with a loud voice:

"On Jordan’s stormy banks I stand
And cast a wishful eye
To Canaan’s fair and happy land
Where my possessions lie".

And after this Samuel whose surname was Brown, arose and opened his mouth and said unto them "Men and brethren, it is with me as with Naaman the Syrian, when Elisha bade him go wash in Jordan; yea, more, it was as if the Jordan had been frozen over, and he had been bidden to go wash 7 times in the river. But he essayed the task, and said "Behold I have been ashamed of my brethren in the days that are past, but now do I greatly rejoice to see them zealous of good works". And Nathan, the son of Burns arose, and all the people knew that he had somewhat to say.

And Nathan said "He felt somewhat cold and lukewarm" and sat down, and all the people broke frorh into singing:

"Come Holy spirit heavenly dove
With all thy quickening powers
Kindle a flame of sacred love
In these cold hearts of ours"

And now it came to pass that Daniel the prophet arose. Now behold he was a prophet born (not made) and when the spirit seizeth him, the voice of Daniel was like the balm of Gilead, even like precious ointment upon their heads, that ran down upon the beard; even Aaron’s beard that went down to the skirts of his garments.

Now after this it came to pass that the hour was late and Myres the elder arose, and behold he was halt, and like Samson of old his locks were long and flowing. And he said "My brethren and sisters, if any man does ought to his neighbor, he must go to him and make restitution, or he can never enter into the pearly gates of the New Jerusalem". and all the people said amen and amen.

Now what shall I say more, for the time would fail me, to speak of Sister Farley and others who through faith wrought righteousness and obtained the promise. So after they had sung an hymn, they all departed and slept. And as for the rest of the doings of the tribes, are they not all written in the chronicles of our memory?

Subjects: Accident Victims, Accidents, Amusements, Animals / Reptiles, Ashfield (MA), Barber / Hair, Beverages, Birds, Births, Boston (MA), Business Enterprises, Cemeteries, Children, Coleraine [now Colrain] (MA), Connecticut, Cosmetics, Dance, Diseases, Dreams / Sleep, Education, Emigration and Immigration, Eye, Family, Farmers & Farming / Flowers, Fires

Posted by stew - Sat, Feb 7, 2009

Gazette & Courier - Monday, September 6, 1875
The Belchertown tragedy

Of course the death of Nettie Barrett, aged 17, by her own hand at Belchertown, and the narrow escape of her companion, Frances S. Bridgman, 14 years old, from a like fate, have created the profoundest sensation in that quiet community’, and the funeral of the former at the Methodist Church Sun. was largely attended. Indeed the whole affair is such a strangely sad one that there is a wide interest to learn all possible particulars concerning it.

The girls were bright and attractive, belonging to the higher village circles. Miss Barrett was sent to Belchertown last April by her mother, who lives at south Amherst, to continue her education, and was to have been examined for the High School Sat., and baptized Sun. in the Church which witnessed her burial; and Miss Bridgman, who had been her almost constant companion of late, was the adopted daughter of Calvin Bridgman.

Miss Barrett had the reputation of being a rather wild person, and the girls were in the habit of being out late nights. Miss Barrett was the leader, and her conduct had become so notorious that her guardian, Franklin Dickinson, had a serious talk with her Thurs. on her behavior. When she returned that eve., she remarked to Mrs. Daniel Packard, with whom she was stopping, that they "wouldn’t be troubled with her being out any more nights".

At 8 o’clock, she and Miss Bridgman - who had been secreted in the room - were observed by neighbors to leave the house. They procured the fatal morphine at the drug store of Mr. Barnes, the elder, a few days before, they had unsuccessfully undertaken to get the poison of the son, who refused to give it without a prescription. Mr. Barnes claims that he supposed it was for Calvin Bridgman. At what time and how the girls got into Packard’s house again is not known.

About half past 7 o’clock Fri. morning, Mrs. Owen, with whom Frances Bridgman was boarding during her parent’s absence, came over in the greatest alarm about her, saying that the night before the girl had left, after bidding them a tearful farewell. Mrs. Packard went immediately to the room and there the victims lay, one in a deadly stupor and the other writhing in terrible agony.

The bed was covered with candy, and Miss Bridgman explained that they had overeaten of this. Efforts were made to revive Miss Barrett, who refused to take anything but cold water, and then determinedly said "Go away, I want to sleep". When Mrs. Packard had left the room for help, Miss Bridgman hailed a little girl and threw down this note, written in a confused, uncertain hand, and unsigned:

"Mr. Barnes - will you be so kind as to send me as much chloroform as here is money enough, five cents’ worth?"

She threw down also two letters directed to George T. Slauter, Belchertown, and Wilbur F. Nichols, at Wilbraham Academy, bidding them farewell and asking them to act as bearers. Then followed an exciting scene in the little bedroom Poor Nettie Barrett was dying. Miss Bridgman confessed that they had taken the morphine, that the candy was only a ruse, that there had been scandalous stories in the town about them, that she did not wish ever to see her parents again, and hoped and expected to die.

She quietly watched her dying companion and waited for the expected chloroform. With the death of Miss Barrett however, came the desire to live, and she requested salt and water to enable her to vomit more.

The wonderful nerve and mingled frankness and cunning of these little misses as displayed during the whole affair, are brought out by the scenes immediately preceding the tragedy. Only 5 hours before they entered the little bed room, they gayly played croquet with some young people, holding in their hands the candy which they were to sprinkle on the bed.

Miss Bridgman wrote what she thought was her last letter to her father, in simple, affectionate, yet determined words. She would meet her parents in a world where there were no scandalous tongues, and where they could live in peace.

[Now don’t ask me how I got there, but I believe that Frances S. Bridgman is actually Emma Francis Bridgman, daughter of Franklin A. Bridgman, born in 1860].

Subjects: Amusements, Beverages, Children, Dreams / Sleep, Drug Abuse, Drugstores / Drugs, Economics, Education, Family, Food, Furniture, Hampshire / Hampden Counties, Households, Literature / Web Pages, Mourning Customs, Obituaries, Orphans and Orphanages, Poisoning, Religion, Rich People, Scandals, Suicide, Women, Words, Water

Posted by stew - Fri, Feb 6, 2009

Gazette & Courier - Monday, August 30, 1875
Mrs. Betsy Straw

Mrs. Betsy Straw of Warner, N.H., a relative of ex Gov. Straw, who lacks only 2 months of being 101 years old, is knitting a pair of white worsted stockings for A.T. Stewart of New York, and another pair for Dr. Lambert of the same city.

Subjects: Family, Government, New Hampshire, Old Age, Rich People, Stewarts, Stores, Retail, Women, Work, Clothing

Posted by stew - Wed, Feb 4, 2009

Gazette & Courier - Monday, August 30, 1875

(Charlemont) The new County Road near the depot, leading toward West Hawley, is fast being completed, but not in a manner satisfactory to the voters and tax payers or the traveling public. This road has been twice crowded from its first and excellent location by the change of the railroad bed. The last change now going on by the State, locates the road over a spur of Mt. Peck, making a cut through a ledge, which should have been cut away so as to leave a tolerable grade for the new road; but instead the grade has been increased very much, and the fill each way is made of material very liable to wash, making the expense for necessary repairs hereafter by the town very great, far in excess of what it would have been on the old route.

It is important that the town see to it that no such burden of future expense be cast upon them by the State, which is amply able to bear the expense of making good all highways upon which it encroaches, and any board of officers whose duty it is to decide upon the merits of this road, will do great injustice to the town if they accept of it completed or the State now decides upon. The town ask nothing but justice and will see to it that no great injustice is done the overtaxed town of Charlemont by the rich Commonwealth.

Subjects: Charlemont (MA), Economics, Government, Massachusetts, Rich People, Roads, Trains, Transportation, Work, Hawley (MA), Architecture / Construction

Posted by stew - Sun, Jan 18, 2009

Gazette & Courier - Monday, August 30, 1875
News of the week

Col. Wheeler, a wealthy cattle dealer of Texas, was recently killed by a party of cattle thieves who had run off some 500 of his cattle.

Subjects: Animals / Reptiles, Crime, Criminals, Murder, Rich People, Robbers and Outlaws

Posted by stew - Mon, Jan 12, 2009

Gazette & Courier - Monday, August 23, 1875
News of the week

The details of a brutal and long continued case of assault have just come to light in Philadelphia. A well known and wealthy married man named John L. Kates, some years ago, seduced a 15 year old girl named Pemberton, and has held her in a life of semi-slavery ever since. Recently she attended a picnic without permission, and when she returned, he charged her with infidelity, knocked her down, beat her in a brutal manner, and then tearing all the clothes off her, poured burning fluid all over her, and set fire to her with the fiendish purpose to burn her alive.

The interference of some people in the house alone prevented the consummation of his design. On Fri. eve. last, he again whipped her in a brutal manner and swore he would disfigure her so she would never be able to go out. Tues. the neighbors complained of him, and he was arrested and held in $2200 bail for appearance at court.

Subjects: Amusements, Courts, Crime, Criminals, Economics, Fires, Households, Marriage and Elopement, Police, Prisons, Rich People, Seduction, Sex Crimes, Work, Clothing

Posted by stew - Fri, Jan 9, 2009

Gazette & Courier - Monday, August 23, 1875
Packed for the other world

A defunct Celestial was yesterday packed and ticketed through to China heaven by Mr. Wilson, the undertaker. The receptacle for the body was a costly casket, for that pendant pigtail had swung from a "way up" head during life. Around the body was packed an abundance of little pieces of paper, all spotted with gold, such as are seen scattered along the way when the defunct Mongolians are carried to the grave. These pretties are very glittering, and easily blown about by the wind, and are to attract the attention of the Chinese devils and give the deceased an opportunity to escape while his tormentors are in pursuit of them.

The remaining emptiness of the casket was filled with pork, rice, chicken, candies, etc., upon which the dear departed is expected to feed while journeying to the unknown. He was also abundantly supplied with Chinese coins with which to defray the expenses of the journey. In his mouth was placed a United States ten cent piece, to show that he came from a land of civilization, and as a passport to better seats and society over there. Lastly he had a fan placed in his hand to cool his heated brow, and as a badge of high rank in the land of his earthly nativity. With all this preparation he is expected to make a rapid and safe journey to the "Land of the Leal" and a triumphant entry into Kingdom Come (Virginia (Nev.) Enterprise.

Subjects: Barber / Hair, Cemeteries, Chinese, Economics, Food, Literature / Web Pages, Mourning Customs, Obituaries, Racism, Religion, Rich People, Transportation, Weather, Jewelry / Gold / Silver / Treasure

Posted by stew - Fri, Jan 9, 2009

Gazette & Courier - Monday, August 16, 1875
Hampshire / Hampden Counties

Ithamar F. Conkey of Amherst, Register of Insolvency in the 9th district, died suddenly on Sun. morning, 8th, and died at early morning. He was at Northampton on Sat., holding an insolvent court in the court room, and in the aft. was taken with a severe pain to the chest. After reclining awhile on a settee in one of the jury rooms, he walked down the stairs and was taken in a hack to the Fitch House. Dr. A.W. Thompson was in to see him, and he gave him an injection of morphine, which seemed to quiet the pain. He fell asleep and at about 6 o'clock was taken to Amherst in a buggy.

He seemed to rally from the first attack, but during the night another attack seized him. Dr. Fish was called, who administered morphine, but he did not revive again. He was a native of Amherst, being a son of Ithamar Conkey, formerly a prominent lawyer there, and studied law with the late Edward Dickinson, after taking a partial course at Amherst college. In 1852 he was elected to the Legislature, and being subsequently identified with the Know Nothing movement, was elected District Attorney.

He has since been more conspicuous as a lawyer than a politician, but has held numerous town offices. He leaves a wife, a son and two daughters. Mr. C. was aged 52. He leaves a property valued at $60,000 or $70,000. The funeral services Wed. aft. were notable in the large number of distinguished people gathered in the pouring rain to attend them, as in their rare impressiveness.

Preceding the church exercises was an affecting scene at the Amherst house, the baptism and christening of Mr. Conkey's only grandchild, the infant son of his eldest daughter and F.A. Lane of New Haven by Rector Allen as Francis Conkey Lane. The baptismal font was placed upon the coffin, the mother and family kneeling about it. Meantime, Grace Church had become filled to overflowing, many being unable to obtain entrance; long before the appointed hour the village people - business being suspended in honor to the town's most prominent citizen - including most of the faculty of both colleges, had gathered, while every train up to 3 o'clock brought friends of the deceased...

The church was exquisitely decorated. Mr. Conkey's pew was draped, and on the casket was a white cross and crown. The pall bearers for the Hampshire bar were D.W. Bond, Charles Delano, and Judge Spaulding of Northampton, and William A. Dickinson of Amherst; and for the school committee, E.A. Thomas and Dr. Edward Hitchcock.


Subjects: Animals / Reptiles, Business Enterprises, Cemeteries, Children, Connecticut, Courts, Economics, Education, Elections, Family, Furniture, Government, Hampshire / Hampden Counties, Horses, Hotels, Law and Lawyers, Massachusetts, Medical Personnel, Medicine / Hospitals, Mourning Customs, Names, Obituaries, Religion, Rich People, Transportation

Posted by stew - Sat, Jan 3, 2009

Gazette & Courier - Monday, August 16, 1875
Richest woman

The richest woman in America is the wife of Prof. Gammel [Elizabeth Avery Ives Gammell, daughter of Robert Hale Ives], formerly of Brown University, R.I. She has an income of at least a million a year, her father's estate, which she has just inherited, being estimated at fully $20,000,000.

Subjects: Economics, Education, Mourning Customs, Obituaries, Rich People, Women

Posted by stew - Sat, Jan 3, 2009

Gazette & Courier - Monday, August 9, 1875
Deep mourning

Mrs. B.F. Johnson of Vincennes, Ind. is in deep mourning for 2 uncles who have left her $3,000,000. [Pretty snide, I'd say].

Subjects: Economics, Family, Mourning Customs, Obituaries, Rich People, Women

Posted by stew - Fri, Jan 2, 2009

Gazette & Courier - Monday, August 9, 1875
Turners Falls

It is said that President Field of the Russell Company intends, hereafter, to reside in Lowell with his family, giving general superintendence of the cutlery company, but spending most of his time on other business in which he is interested.

Subjects: Business Enterprises, Businesspeople, Cutlery, Family, Massachusetts, Montague (MA), Rich People, Turners Falls (MA)

Posted by stew - Sun, Dec 21, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, August 2, 1875
Lady Jane Franklin


Subjects: Explorers, Obituaries, Rich People, Widows and Widowers, Women

Posted by stew - Sun, Dec 21, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, August 2, 1875
A New Jersey girl sells herself for $15,000

A somewhat eccentric though wealthy gentleman named Gates has recently been creating quite a sensation in and about Somerville. He is well advanced in years, being upward of 70, a widower and a cripple, with one married daughter, an only child. He moved into Hillsborough township over a year ago, and bought considerable real estate, giving one farm to his daughter.

He is said to have been quite lavish with his money - to such an extent that his family became alarmed, and an effort was made by his daughter to have him declared insane and placed under guardianship, but this effort proved a failure. Among other eccentricities was his evident fondness for the society of young ladies.

On the 5th of July he became acquainted with a young lady from the West, who, with her mother, was temporarily staying in Somerville, and who is not yet out of her teens, to whom he made proposals of marriage. The girl took one hour to consider the matter, and then signified her acceptance, although it is said against the wishes of her mother, and on Mon. of last week the parties were united in marriage, the ceremony taking place in Plainfield - the mother in the mean time having become reconciled. Fifteen thousand dollars was the marriage portion of the bride, which sum was at once placed at her disposal.

[Read the sequel of the life of Joshua B. Gates at the New York Times Online Index of May 29, 1877, entitled "Story of an old man’s marriage" and that of May 30, 1877, entitled "Joshua B. Gates’ marriage: his young widow’s claim for dower; her side of the story; Gates’ alleged cruelty; the divorce proceedings"].

Subjects: Businesspeople, Courtship, Divorce, Economics, Family, Farmers & Farming / Flowers, Handicapped, Insanity, Literature / Web Pages, Marriage and Elopement, Old Age, Rich People, Vendors and Purchasers, Widows and Widowers, Women

Posted by stew - Tue, Dec 16, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, August 2, 1875

Foreign gossip says, the young Marquis of Lorne has a forlorn time of it among his royal wife's relatives. The young princes snub him as a subject, and his German brother-in-law, the heir to the Kaiser's crown, does likewise. On a recent visit to this prince, while his wife was admitted to the imperial circle of Berlin, poor Lorne was "left to cool his heels among the nobility outside"; and at a recent garden party in London, he was peremptorily directed by an equerry of his brother-in-law, the heir apparent, to leave the royal tent, which he had entered without special invitation.

[See John Campbell, 9th Duke of Argyll, in Wikipedia]

Subjects: English (and England), Family, Farmers & Farming / Flowers, Gays, Germans, Parties, Rich People, Royalty, Women, Europe, Canada

Posted by stew - Tue, Dec 16, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, August 2, 1875
News of the week

A man named Baker, a Providence painter about 40 years old, was arrested at Oak Bluffs, Martha's Vineyard a few days ago, for attempting to outrage several little girls, daughters of summer residents, but as the parents did not wish to give publicity to the matter, he was allowed to go on condition of leaving the State.

Subjects: Art, Child Abuse, Children, Crime, Criminals, Emigration and Immigration, Family, Massachusetts, Police, Rape, Rich People, Sex Crimes, Vacations, Work

Posted by stew - Tue, Dec 16, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, August 2, 1875
Mrs. Paran Stevens

Mrs. Paran Stevens of Boston recently had $50,000 worth of jewels stolen from her in London, by a French maid.

[A very interesting article about her appears in the New York Times online index of April 4, 1895].

Subjects: Boston (MA), Crime, Criminals, Economics, English (and England), French, Literature / Web Pages, Rich People, Robbers and Outlaws, Widows and Widowers, Women, Work, Jewelry / Gold / Silver / Treasure

Posted by stew - Sun, Dec 14, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, July 26, 1875
Franklin County tax payers

Greenfield - no. of polls, 927; in 1874, 929; valuation of personal property, 1875, $853,973; in 1874, $828,853; valuation of real estate, 1875, $1,969,665; in 1874, $1,954,790; total valuation, 1875, $2,823,638; in 1874, $2,783,653; rate, 1875, $14.50 per thousand; 1874, $13.50 per thousand.

The following is a list of persons who pay a tax of $25 and upwards, not including fire district tax, which will be about $3 on $1000.

Abell, George A., $41.15
Austin, Thomas N., $33.90
Adams, George C., $87.70
Adams, Peleg, $360.50
Adams, John A., $85.52
Amidon, J.H., $26.65
Avery estate, $30.45
Allen, William H., $89
Allen, F.R., $89
Allen, S’s Sons, $304.50
Allen, George A., $44.05
Allen, Quintas, $83.20
Allen, John S. & Son, $44.82
Arms, George A., $413.80
Arms, Elihu G., $46.95
Aiken, David, $65.80
Ames, James M., $129.75
Ames, James M., trustee, $87
Ames, George, $33.90
Alexander, A.A., $38.83

Bryant, Chauncey, $29.53
Black, Nathaniel, $25.64
Breck, S.P. & son, $71.60
Browning, Anson, $46.95
Briggs, Samuel, $38.98
Breen, John, $36.80
Blake, E.B., $31
Bryant & Miner, $43.50
Brackett, H.W., $31.36
Brown, Harriet, estate, no amount listed
Bouker, Henry, $35.35
Beals, Joseph, $68.70
Bascom, Abner N., $46.59
Bascom, Chester A., $52.67
Billings, Henry F., $60.20
Bullard, A.C., $71
Bullard, Willard, $62.51
Bullard, Silas, $88.28
Barney, Edward, $109
Briggs, Henry D., $33.10
Barton, Lyman G., $183.44
Ballou, Perley & sons, $123.81
Bass, O.H., $39 (I’m rounding off the cents from hereon in)
Burnham, F.L., $28
Bird, Julia, $145
Benton, Edward, $93
Butler, Calvin L., $52
Bangs, J.C., $44

Colle, Mary, $58
Coombs, Mrs. Walter, $114
Carll, J.L., $38
Chapin, Caleb, $45
Chapin, John, $34
Chapin, Julius E., $58
Chapin, David G., $45
Cushman, Mrs. H.W., $50
Chapman, Matthew, $171
Chapman, Frank R., $74
Cohn, Charles, $31
Comstock, W.O., $67
Conant, C.C., $60
Clark, A.S., $40
Childs, M.M., $68
Carpenter, Ira, $61
Coller, D.F., $48
Cook, R.W., $82
Clapp, Mrs. Anna C., $37
Clapp, Frederick, $62
Clapp, H.W. estate, $307
Conn. RR Co., $261
Cong’l. Society, 2nd, $47
Cleveland, Edward, $31

Deane, Alice & sister, $87
Deane, Dr. A.C., $102
Deane, & Wright, $29
Deane, Daniel L., $35
Day, William J., $36
Dodge, Charles F., $45
Davis, W.T., $132
Davis, Henry J., $43
Draper, W.W., $35
Daniels, W.C., $31
Doolittle, George, $729
Dunkley, Edward, $28
DeWolf, Austin, $96
Dwyer, John, $25

Eddy, George S., $80
Embury, H.C., $28
Eagan, Jerry, $33
Elliot, William, $48
Eastman, S.S., $105
Eastman, S.S. & Co., $131
Episcopal Society, $65

Farrell, Lewis, $36
Fisk, Dr. Charles L., $53
Fitzgerald, P.M., $60
Fitzgerald, John, $70
Field, F.E., $31
Farnsworth & Persons, $30
Field, Albert A., $29
Field, Charles R., $183
Field, & Hall, $29
Forbes, William A., $119
Fuller, Mrs. H.M., $36
Frary, George W. $115
Forbes & Foster, $6
Fellows, M.S., $78
Felton, J.P., $99
Field, Mrs. A.R., $75
First National Bank, $174 (had Nirst)
Franklin County National Bank, $362

Grennell, George, $212 (also seen as Grinnell)
Graves, John J., $45
Graves, Luther L., $35
Graves, Mrs. J.M., $31
Graves, Alonzo, $89
Gascouigne, J.F., $49
Griswold, W., estate, $40
Griswold, Duloie, g’d’n, $108
Griswold J.F., $83
Gunn, Levi J., $66
Greenfield Tool Co., $420

Henry, Benjamin, $45
Henry, Nathan F., $130
Henry, Charles, $35
Henry, & Smead, $38
Hagar, F.S., $67
Haskell, C.C., $28
Hunter, David, $45
Harris, H.C., $31
Haywood, L.M., $31
Hosmer, F.J., guardian, $62
Haywood, Mrs. G.P., $78
Horr, John, $42
Holcomb, Alfred, $29
Hall, E.A., $32
Hall, S.W., $75
Howland, Rufus, $183
Hall, T.V., $30
Hollister, J.H., $375
Hovey, Dr. Daniel, estate, $224
Hovey, George H., $425
HItchcock, A.C., $31
Hawks, Frederick, $57
Handforth, Henry, $50
Hull, A.N., $41

Jackson, Andrew, $31
Jackson, Mrs. O.M., $56
Joslyn & Kimball, $101
Jones, O.M., $30
Jones, Ed J., $144
Jones, Dennis W., $64

Kennedy, John, $33
Kelliher, Dennis, $36
Kellogg, Bela, $56
Kellogg, Bela & Co., $48
Keith, Charles, $88
Keuran, H.E., $73
Keith, William, $141
Kelley, F.B. & F.S., $85

Lamb, J.H., $48
Lamb, Samuel O., $93
Lamb, Samuel O., agent, $29
Lamb, Samuel O., Ex’r., J. Miles estate, $92
Lamb, Samuel O., Ex’r., F.B. Russell, $203
Lamb, Samuel O., Treasurer, Greenfield Gas Co., $174
Lawrence, Royal, $31
Loomis, Rev. A.G., $64
Leonard, Mrs. Theo, $91
Lyons, J.L., $210
Lyons, David, $26
Lyons, Samuel J., $33
Lyons, Charles D., $26
Long, Lemuel H., $60
Leavitt, Miss Mary, $65
Lowell, Charles R., $60
Leighton, C.W., $54
Leonard, Horatio, $29
Lander, Ben D., $29
Lyman, E.E., $44
Larrabee, Eber X., $91

Moody, Mrs. Fannie, $36
Miller, J.W., $60
Miller, H.L., $64
McClure, Manly, $68
Murdock, Charles A., $26
Merriam, E.D., $74
McFarland, John, $67
Miner, A.G., $48
Moore, Mrs. Oramel, estate, $43
Moore & Withey, $73
Moore, J.W. & Son, $101
McClellan, C.H., $118
Maxwell, S.S., $76
Methodist Society, $58
Maynard, Gilbert, $35
Moors, John F., $73
Munn, Charles H., $52
Martin, Frank E., $53
Munson, J.M., $252
Martindale, P.D., $122
Megrath, A.W., $52

Nash, Lyman & Son, $114
Noyes, B.B., $29
Noyes, B.B. & Co., $100
Nichols, John, $32
Newhall, Albert, $29
Newhall, Mrs. Mary, $58
Newton, James, $285
Newton, Joseph D., $133
Newton, John S., $113
Newton, H.C. & son, $97
Newton, Seth, $64
Nims, Lucius & Son, $224
Nims, Charles T., $95
Nims, William M., $82
Nash, E.Q., $142

Owen, Euclid, $129
Osgood, J.W.D., $163
Osbon, E.H., $29
Osterhout, John, $55
Osgood, E. and son, $53

Parker, Alonzo, $118
Parker, B.S., $54
Phillips, Simeon, $33
Phelps, John C., $31
Phillips, Rufus, $64
Phillips, N.P. & Son, $52
Potter & Stearns, $27
Potter, George W., $130
Potter & Nash, $161
Potter, William, $133
Potter, Warren J., $100
Pierce, George, $32
Pierce, George Jr., $38
Pierce & Austin, $68
Pierce & Co., $54
Pierce, J.J. & Sons, $233
Pierce, J.J. & Others, $87
Pratt, F.J., $93
Pratt, Stephen L., $41
Payne, H.B. & S.W., $95
Prichard, R.S., $28
Porter, James, $57
Porter, Pliny, $27
Parmenter, E.A., $116
Prentiss, H.H., $29
Phelps, Ansel estate, $389
Packard, R.A., $89
Pine, William, $42
Pond, Mary, $410
Pond, Frank A., $63
Pierce, M.R. & N.G., $44
Pierce, M.R., $33
Pierce, N.G., $29
Pickett, Job G., $48
Potter, E. Turner, $77

Richardson, J.J., $129
Richardson, J.B., $45
Richmond, Charles, $39
Reed, Charles N., $39
Root, Spencer B., $229
Root, W.F., $91
Root, T.D. estate, $63
Russell, J., estate, $488
Russell, Nathaniel E., $413
Rice, Mrs. L.W., $29
Robinson, James, $31
Reed, Kate & H., $36
Rowley, Joseph Jr., $28
Ripley, Thomas H., $31
Riley, Samuel, $36
Riddell, J.W., $218
Root, Cephas estate, $34
Russell, John, $57

Simons, D.S., $438
Sheldon, Henry, $28
Sheldon, John, $38
Spear, Daniel W., $112
Sauter, Gotleib, $70
Sprague, Peter T., $31
Smead, William M., $74
Smead, William, $50
Smead, Charles L., $94
Smead, S.A., estate, $105
Sawtell, Lyman, $25
Shaw, D.G., $42
Spring, J.C., $45
Stratton, E.A., $35
Stratton, C.M., $60
Strecker, Edward, $168
Sparhawk, Mrs. L.B., $36
Stone, L.H., $45
Stearns, John H., $33
Stones, Mrs. H. & A., $37
Stevens, Mrs. H., $65
Stimpson, W.A., $28
Seward & Willard, $116
Sammis, D.L., $120
Severance, Dr. W.S., $69
Severance, P.P., $144
Sessler, Jacob, $34
Stickney, William, $78
Sanderson, J.S., $123
Snow, Barnabas, $54
Snow, Newell, $67
Snow & Felton, $58
Slate, S.B., $69
Sawyer, Benjamin, $28
Smith, L.T., $44
Smith, Elijah W., $69
Smith, F.G., $72
Smith, Preserved, $52
Shattuck, S.L., $121
Shattuck & Co., $108
Smead, C.W., $72
Salisbury, George E., $54

Thompson, J.W., $26
Thompson, F.M., $41
Tyler, C.H., $28
Tyler, Major H., $46
Tyler, H.H., $52
Traver, Phillip, $60
Thayer, A.T. estate, $34

Washburn, W.B., $509
Woods, Hopkins, $53
Wells, Frank, $35
Wells, Edward, $25
Woodard, Mrs. E.G., $47
Woodard, H.G., $133
Wilson, Joel, $212
Wilby, George, $26
Williams, G.D., $41
Williams, G.D., trustee, $104
Wade, T.S., $74
Wade & Corbett, $36
Wiley, Robert, $103
Wiley, Solon L., $103
Wiley, Oren, $95
Womersley, Dr. T., $41
Wait, Thomas, $104
Wait, Lyman J., $31
Wise, Willard A., $27
Walker, Dr. A.C., $78
Wells, N.S., $52
Wells, C.B., $42
Wise, William M., $102
Wright, A.H., $125
Wiliams, Misses, $36
Ward, Mrs. E.V., $87
Ward, Mrs. E.V., guardian, $58
Wheeler, S.S., $54
Wunsch, William, $96
Wood, Seth, $39
Warner, A.K., $52
Warner Mfg. Co., $73
Zeiner, John L., $28


Adams, Amos, Montague, $116
Botsford, Mrs. Lizzie A., Boston, $145
Bardwell, O.O., Shelburne, $26
Conant, Mrs. S.T., Newark, N.J., $40
Couillard, Henry, Shelburne, $43
Coleman, Matthew, Springfield, $40
Dickinson, Caleb, estate, Hatfield, $33
Fisk, D.O., Shelburne, $60
Goss, R.L., Montague, $79
Hopkins, W.S.B., Worcester, $58
Hale, Israel P., Bernardston, $31
Long, Alanson, Boston, $51
Merriam, Charles, Springfield, $72
Pierce, Samuel R., Turners Falls, $53
Schwartz, Louis B., Boston, $166
Sage, O.W., Cazenovia, N.Y., $28
Sanborn, W.H., New Haven, $268
Smith Charities, Northampton, $1700
Slate, Charles, Shelburne, $34
Sanderson, John, Bernardston, $72
Thompson, Charles, Conn., $31
Temple, Philo, Deerfield, $27
Todd, Cynthia, Leyden, $27
Turners Falls Company, $290
Wells, D. & H., Shelburne, $53
Williams, Bishop, Boston, $29.

Subjects: Bernardston (MA), Boston (MA), Business Enterprises, Businesspeople, Charity, Connecticut, Connecticut River, Deerfield (MA), Economics, Family, Fires, Government, Greenfield (MA), Hampshire / Hampden Counties, Massachusetts, Medical Personnel, Montague (MA), Names, Natural Resources, Orphans and Orphanages, Religion, Rich People, Shelburne and Shelburne Falls (MA), Stores, Retail, Sunderland (MA)

Posted by stew - Sat, Dec 13, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, July 26, 1875
News about home: Greenfield items

Spencer B. Root and Frank J. Pratt leave town today for a 6 or 8 weeks' "roughing it" in the Rocky Mountains west of Colorado. They leave the Pacific Railroad at Denver, and with pack mules follow a trail into the Indian country. [Ah, this link shows that both Root and Pratt were buying up mining land, and their descendants are still profiting from it to this day! See ].

Subjects: Amusements, Animals / Reptiles, Family, Greenfield (MA), Masculinity (Machismo), Mines and Mineral Resources, Native Americans, Rich People, Trains, Vacations

Posted by stew - Sat, Dec 13, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, July 26, 1875
News of the week

A shocking parricide occurred in thirty Fourth Street, New York, Sun. James Bailey, a wealthy gentleman, was shot dead by his eldest son, who refused to allow his father to see a letter, which the latter demanded. At the inquest Wed., Bailey was excused from all blame by the Coroner’s Jury. It seems from the evidence elicited at the inquest that when the son shot the father, the latter was in the act of trying to throw his (the father’s) wife out of the window. The son remonstrated, when the father turned on him and would have injured him had not the latter fired the pistol in self defense. When the verdict of the jury was announced, the mother, who was present, fainted and was carried from the room. The scene was very affecting.


Subjects: Courts, Crime, Criminals, Family, Glass / Windows, Literature / Web Pages, Murder, Rich People, Roads, Urbanization / Cities, Wife Abuse, Women

Posted by stew - Fri, Dec 12, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, July 19, 1875

Gray, David, age 83, long a prominent public man and wealthy farmer, died almost instantly of heart disease in Ashfield on July 9.

Subjects: Ashfield (MA), Diseases, Farmers & Farming / Flowers, Obituaries, Rich People

Posted by stew - Thu, Dec 11, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, July 19, 1875
Amherst City

Perhaps there is not a village of Franklin County where the people are more enterprising, intelligent and united than the people of Amherst city, a village at the northern part of Amherst. Here are the great leather mills of the Cushmans, the paper mills of the Roberts, that give employment to most of the people of the place. "Uncle John" Cushman is the Nestor of the place. He has a beautiful and costly residence, one of the finest in the town of Amherst; and "Uncle John" is one of the best men the town can boast of.

He has a family of boys that are engaged with him in the leather mills, and they all work together in harmony, and with profit. Young John was a soldier in the war, and lost an arm in one of the first battles. Avery Cushman, the oldest son, is at the head of the concern, and the principal manager - an enterprising business man - Moses is a kind, noble-hearted, genial man that is a friend to everybody. Then there is Charley Dadmon, one of the employees, an intelligent, amiable man, who is always on hand for anything that will make people happy.

Well, last week the whole village met together for a "clam bake", and your correspondent had an invitation to be present. Up a little way east of Uncle John’s beautiful home, there is a shady, retired and pretty grove. Thither we all went for the bake. A fire was burning over a heap of stones, and we all heaped on brush to get them hot. By and by, they were all right.

We swept out the hot coals and ashes and piled on the oysters (not clams) and covered them over with green grass. A party came on from the village, with 2 or 3 pots of clam chowder. Soon our oysters were done, and the company seated around promiscuously in little squads, ate their clam chowder and baked oysters, with boiled eggs and small beer as a relish. Your correspondent was called on for a speech, and he made a short one, just as the sun went down, and bade the party "Good night".

[See Google Books "The Handbook of Amherst" by Frederick H. Hitchcock, 1891].

Subjects: Amusements, Astronomy, Beverages, Business Enterprises, Businesspeople, Coal, Family, Fires, Fishes and Fishing, Food, Hampshire / Hampden Counties, Households, Literature / Web Pages, Names, Rich People, Transportation, Trees, War / Weaponry, Words, Work

Posted by stew - Tue, Dec 9, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, July 19, 1875
News about home: Greenfield items

A Mr. Leadbetter of New York and family of 6 persons have taken up their residence at the Mansion House. They bring their carriage and propose to stop a couple of months. G.B. Grennell and family from New York have already engaged a suit of rooms, and Landlord Doolittle's establishment is well filled with permanent and transient guests.

Subjects: Amusements, Emigration and Immigration, Family, Greenfield (MA), Hotels, Rich People, Transportation

Posted by stew - Mon, Dec 8, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, July 19, 1875
News of the week

In New York Mon., two well dressed men rung the bell at no. 50 West Eleventh Street and were admitted by Mrs. Matthias M. Danser, an old lady, and at the time the only occupant of the building. They represented themselves to be plumbers, and said they came to repair the water pipes. The instant the door was closed they seized the old lady, nearly 60 years of age, and gagged and handcuffed her.

They reopened the door and admitted 5 or 6 other men, who had remained within call. The burglars then proceeded to ransack the house, breaking open everything that was locked, disarranging the wardrobes, bureau drawers and leaving traces of their presence in every room and corner of the dwelling. When they had gone, Mrs. Danser went to the front door and managed, by standing behind the glazed portion and articulating with her handcuffed hands, to attract the attention of a lad, who informed the police.

Mrs. Danser sustained no injury. The handcuffs had to be filed off. About the first of May Danser was robbed of some coupons by a servant girl, and it is thought the thieves were attracted in the hopes of finding the bonds; they were not, however, in the house. Mr. Danser returned home in the eve. and missed $10,000 in Virginia State bonds, worth 37 cents on the dollar. Some $40,000 in New York central bonds were overlooked by the desperadoes.

See the story in the July 13, 1875 issue of the New York Times online. It gives other important details, such as the fact that Mr. Danser was a "professional gambler". A very interesting account of this case and what occurred next can be found in Google Books "Recollections of a New York Chief of Police" by George W. Walling, 1887].

Subjects: Children, Crime, Criminals, Education, Fashion, Furniture, Gambling, Households, Literature / Web Pages, Police, Rich People, Roads, Robbers and Outlaws, Women, Work, Clothing

Posted by stew - Sun, Dec 7, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, July 12, 1875
News about home: Greenfield items

Mrs. Charles Keith and children and Mrs. Maria Keith will take up their residence this week at Nantucket, intending to spend a month at that pleasant resort.

Subjects: Amusements, Children, Family, Greenfield (MA), Rich People, Vacations, Women

Posted by stew - Fri, Dec 5, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, July 5, 1875
Palace cars

The palace cars "Comus" and "Adonis" are now running on Carroll's train on the Connecticut River, alternate days. [See YouTube's "Pullman Palace Cars"].

Subjects: Connecticut River, Names, Rich People, Trains, Transportation

Posted by stew - Thu, Dec 4, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, July 5, 1875

Mrs. Esther Dickinson's will is not likely to be contested, as it was at first reported. The instrument is an almost exact copy of a will that had been in existence 11 or 12 years. The bequests to relatives are precisely the same. Deerfield will therefore get the benefit of some $60,000 for school purposes, which with the annual appropriations provided for will make quite a considerable sum. The Legislature will probably be asked to grant permission to have the fund of the Deerfield Academy, some $600 a year, placed with the Dickinson endowment, so that school children in Deerfield will hereafter be handsomely provided for.

Subjects: Children, Deerfield (MA), Economics, Education, Family, Law and Lawyers, Massachusetts, Mourning Customs, Rich People, Women

Posted by stew - Thu, Dec 4, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, July 5, 1875
Brief notes of a pleasant excursion

The Massachusetts Press Association left Boston on the morning of June 23, for their annual excursion. The party, including ladies, numbered almost 90...On this excursion two first class cars and a smoking car on the Boston & Albany road were devoted to the exclusive use of the excursionists...The sandwiches, cakes, etc. were neatly packed in pasteboard boxes for each individual, and were liberally accompanied with iced lemonade.

At Albany...there was a change to the fine cars of the New York Central Railroad, and we were soon steaming with almost lightning rapidity through the beautiful Mohawk Valley. The flat farm lands here are of an unsurpassing fertility. There does not appear to be an acre that is not under cultivation....The Mohawk runs parallel with the road for many miles, and on the opposite side of the river is the Erie Canal. The latter, which has been one of the great institutions of the Empire State for many years, appears to New Englanders to be a rather slow method of transportation. The canal boats, which we pass in quick succession, seem hardly to move, so snail like is the progress which they make, but what is lost in time is saved in expense. If it was not for the Erie our coal and grain would never approach the present low prices, and upon it has depended largely the wealth and development of the great Western States.

But...the day was fearfully hot, and our excursion cars were in the rear of a very large train; and the dust and cinders that poured into the windows soon blackened our faces, filled our eyes and ears, so that when we reached Syracuse about 8 o’clock in the eve., after a ride of 350 miles, we were a sad looking set, more like a band of miners from the coal region, than people who patronized soap and water. We were, however, nicely quartered at the Globe and Vanderbilt hotels and through the transforming influences of the bath, clean linen, and a good supper, were soon ourselves again.

The party left Syracuse soon after 6 the next morning, by the Auburn branch of the New York Central. At Auburn we got the chance to see the extensive buildings of the State Penitentiary, but did not stop for a close inspection of the establishment. A short ride brought us to the wharf at Cayuga, where we embarked on a small steamer for a delightful trip of 38 miles through Cayuga Lake...

With song and mirth the happy excursionists were soon on the top wave of enjoyment. At Goodwin’s Point a landing was made and the party visited Taghkanic Falls To reach the Falls we climbed a steep descent of a mile, under a broiling sun, and were hardly, when we reached the summit, in the most favorable mood to fully appreciate this wild freak of nature. These falls are on a small stream, and 215 ft. in perpendicular height, while the rocky gorge is nearly 400 ft. down.

It is a wild and picturesque spot, but at this season there is not a large flow of water over the fall. A hotel has been built upon the summit, within a stone’s throw of the fall, and it is quite a resort for excursionists and picnic parties.... Afterwards we landed at the beautiful town of Ithaca, at the head of the lake. the principal business here is apparently the transferment of coal. The coal is brought by rail from the mines in Pennsylvania and transshipped to the canal boats, which convey it across the lake and thence through the canal to the Eastern markets. Our quarters were at the Ithaca Hotel, a first class house...After a sumptuous dinner, carriages were provided for a visit to Cornell University.

The college buildings occupy a beautiful site overlooking the lake, and can be seen miles away...The college was opened in 1868, and everything about the premises is neat and new...The founder of the college, Ezra Cornell, Esq. endowed the institution with more than three millions of dollars...Our party assembled in the Library of the college, and were addressed by President White...It was the purpose of Mr. Cornell to found a university where any person could find instruction in any study, and well has his purpose been carried out. It recognizes no distinct religious belief, though its aim is to promote Christian civilization...

Upon the grounds an opportunity is afforded, as at our Agricultural College, for the practical study of agriculture. There is a carpenter shop, furnished with power and machinery, where students who have tastes in that direction can cultivate their skill in wood work. A large machine shop is fitted with lathes and a variety of machinery and tools, and we found here a dozen or more young men hard at work with sleeves rolled up, dressed in colored shirts an overalls, hands and faces begrimmed, just like "greasy mechanics".

Several valuable inventions have been made in this shop, and much of this work is put to a practical use. In the same building is a printing shop with a large assortment of type and presses...Cornell University recognizes the co-education of the sexes. Young ladies are admitted on the same footing as young men, and are advanced through the same studies...the young men, who at other colleges have been accustomed to practices that were vulgar and demoralizing have voluntarily given them up since the admission of the young ladies, and so far from the mingling of the sexes leading to unpleasant talk and scandal, as some had predicted, not a breath of suspicion of anything out of character had ever existed...

Before leaving the college grounds we were driven to Fall Creek Gorge a wild, romantic locality, where the waters of a small stream leap and splash over the rocks of a wild ravine in its mad course to the lake below. We left Ithaca at 7 in the eve. over the Utica, Ithaca and Elmira Railroad, the President of which is Gen. W.I. Burt, the Postmaster of Boston. General Burt had accompanied our party, and we were indebted to his kind attention and influence for many courtesies. On this road we pass through Elmira, and about 10 o’clock at night, in the midst of a drenching rain, arrived at the town of Watkins at the head of Seneca Lake. After a little confusion we were provided with carriages and driven through the pitchlike darkness up the steep ascent to the Glen Mountain House [See the NYPL Digital Gallery for great photos], which has been erected above the famous Watkins Glen.

There is no natural wonder on the American continent, with the exception perhaps, of Niagara Falls, that surpasses the Glen...Says Bayard Taylor: "In all my travels I have never met with scenery more beautiful and romantic than that embraced in this wonderful Glen, and the most remarkable thing of all is that so much magnificence and grandeur should be found in a region where there are no ranges of mountains...It is only since 1869 that the Glen has been accessible to the public...[A very large section follows about the Glen and its hotels. To be continued next week].

Subjects: Amusements, Animals / Reptiles, Beverages, Boston (MA), Canals, Clubs, Coal, Cosmetics, Curiosities and Wonders, Economics, Education, Eye, Farmers & Farming / Flowers, Food, Greenfield (MA), Horses, Hotels, Ice, Inventions, Libraries and Librarians, Lightning, Mail, Massachusetts, Mines and Mineral Resources, Natural Resources

Posted by stew - Mon, Dec 1, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, June 21, 1875

Listar, one of the wealthiest manufacturers of England, spent many years and over a million of money in search of a way to utilize silk rags, but finally succeeded and is now making lots of money, employing 4000 workmen in a factory that cost nearly $3,000,000. [Here's one that I was unable to verify].

Subjects: Business Enterprises, Economics, English (and England), Recycled Products, Rich People, Work

Posted by stew - Mon, Dec 1, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, June 21, 1875

A.T. Stewart once paid $40,000 for a painting 40 feet long, and ever since then he makes it a practice every night and morning of saying to himself: "Stewart, you are the biggest jackass in America". ;-) . [See Alexander Turney Stewart in Wikipedia].

Subjects: Animals / Reptiles, Art, Business Enterprises, Economics, Literature / Web Pages, Names, Rich People, Stewarts, Vendors and Purchasers, Words

Posted by stew - Mon, Dec 1, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, June 7, 1875
News about home: Greenfield items

There was a very brilliant gathering on Tues. eve. at the residence of Alonzo Parker, Esq. on Congress Street, to witness the marriage of his daughter, Miss Carrie Parker, to H.J. Davis, the well known photographer. The guests, numbering some 200, represented the best of Greenfield society, and many of the toilets of the ladies were very fine [I guess I'll never get over the use of that word in this context!]. A little before 9, the interesting ceremony was performed by Rev. F. A. Warfield, who used a brief and appropriate service.

/ The bride was beautifully attired in white, with a long court train and veil. After the twain had been made one, they led the way to the dining room, where blessing was invoked by Rev. Warfield, and the choicest cake, cream and other refreshments were served under the direction of J.J. Richardson, our popular caterer. The evening was very agreeably spent, and congratulations were showered upon the united pair in lavish profusion. The bride's presents were abundant, including articles of silver ware from her relatives and friends, pictures and the usual souvenirs of utility and adornment, a magnificent ice pitcher, salver and goblets were the united gift of some invited guests. The bride, who has for two or three years held the position of organist at the Second Congregational Church, will still continue her engagement. Mr. Davis some time ago purchased the Bailey cottage on Main Street, which has been fitted up and furnished, and the pair enter at once upon the pleasures and cares of housekeeping.

Subjects: Beverages, Business Enterprises, Businesspeople, Cutlery, Family, Fashion, Food, Furniture, Greenfield (MA), Households, Ice, Marriage and Elopement, Music, Parties, Photographs, Religion, Rich People, Roads, Vendors and Purchasers, Women, Words, Work, Jewelry / Gold / Silver / Treasure, Clothing

Posted by stew - Mon, Dec 1, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, May 24, 1875
News about home: Greenfield items

Newell Snow, who has spent the winter here with his family, will this week take a trip to his gold mines in Nova Scotia.

Subjects: Business Enterprises, Businesspeople, Emigration and Immigration, Family, Greenfield (MA), Mines and Mineral Resources, Rich People, Weather, Canada, Jewelry / Gold / Silver / Treasure

Posted by stew - Mon, Dec 1, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, May 17, 1875
News about home: Greenfield items

Among the names suggested for the position of manager of the Hoosac tunnel and Troy and Greenfield Railroad under the new bill, is that of Ex-Governor Washburn. We do not know of a gentleman in the State who would watch its interests more closely than Gov. Washburn, who would bring to the office such good practical common sense, or who would possess greater ability to discharge its duties. Other names mentioned are Jeremiah Prescott, formerly Superintendent of the Eastern Railroad; Sylvander Johnson of North Adams, formerly a member of the Executive Council; George a. Parker of Lancaster, a railway engineer, who was a member of the House and of the Committee on Railways in 1872; General George Stark, formerly manager of the Lowell Railroad, and Abraham Firth, manager of the Union Freight Railway and formerly Assistant Superintendent of the Boston and Albany Railroad.

Subjects: Boston (MA), Economics, Government, Greenfield (MA), Hoosac Tunnel (MA), Law and Lawyers, Massachusetts, Names, Rich People, Trains, Work, Berkshire County (MA)

Posted by stew - Mon, Dec 1, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, May 17, 1875
East India letter

Letter from Bombay by C. Hardin about a corrupt Indian prince, the Gaekwad of Baroda [see Wikipedia. He is talking about Malhar Rao Gaikwad, who was deposed in 1875 on charges of "gross misrule"].

Subjects: Crime, Criminals, Government, Literature / Web Pages, Rich People, Royalty, Geography

Posted by stew - Mon, Dec 1, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, May 17, 1875
The Czar of Russia arrived in Berlin Mon

The Czar of Russia arrived in Berlin Mon. and was received, on alighting at the railway station, by the Emperor William and all the princes of the Emperor's family...

Subjects: English (and England), Germans, Rich People, Royalty, Trains, Russia

Posted by stew - Mon, Dec 1, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, May 10, 1875
News of the week

T.C. Thomson, a wealthy farmer of Keene, N.H., hung himself Sun. while his family were at church.

Subjects: Family, Farmers & Farming / Flowers, New Hampshire, Religion, Rich People, Suicide

Posted by stew - Mon, Dec 1, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, May 10, 1875
Letter from New Mexico

We give below the main portions of a letter from Fred W. Eals, residing in Laguna, New Mexico, to James C. Pratt of Deerfield, Mass. Mr. Eals has lived in New Mexico for several years, and has been in the employ of government as surveyor. He is son of the late Dr. George E. Eals of Ohio, and his mother, Mrs. Lucretia Eals, now resides in Deerfield. "This territory is at present undergoing a change for the better. Hitherto the Mexicans have had their own way in such matters as might be in dispute between themselves and the "American" or English speaking people; and it is needless to say they were always cleared, no matter how unjustly or illegally they acted. Hence the territory has not been developed to the extent that neighboring territories have. It has always been said by men who have investigated the subject, that New Mexico, by reason of the geographical location, is adapted to the production of such grains as belong to the North as well as to the South, and such is the fact.

/ Nearly the whole of New Mexico is available for grazing, whether of cattle or sheep, and immense tracts, well watered, are awaiting the herds, which will prove an exceedingly profitable investment for those who come early. Last year a large number of Californians came here for the purpose of looking up sheep ranges, and I have given several of them information relative to the sections I have been over while surveying. You can decipher from the above that I think very favorably of the chances for a man desirous to succeed.

/ The Mexicans are not a difficult people to get along with, provided that you do not meddle with their religion and other prejudices. They must not be flattered or petted. The Alcaldes and prominent Dons require a show of deference. The lower classes must be ruled. It is also necessary to only wink at some of their habits, which are exceedingly repulsive. They are susceptible of becoming strongly attached to an "American" and in such cases, invariably stick like grim death. Their language is readily acquired.

/ The Indians are not, in the main, troublesome. The tribes under government contribution are confined ordinarily to the West. Pueblo Indians are quiet and orderly, and are decidedly more successful in farming than their neighbors, the Mexicans. In fact, I consider them a better class of people.

/ The mineral resources of the territory are not inferior to those of any part of the Union. The gold and silver regions in the eastern portion are generally in the hands of wealthy companies. Those in the west await the hardy and experienced prospectors, and will not be very valuable until the population is sufficient to keep the Indians quiet.

/ Stock raising and trading are sure sources of great profit. Labor is cheap, being from 25 cents per day to from 15 to 20 dollars per month and board. The price of cattle is about $8 dollars per head, although in some cases they have been bought as low as $4. Sheep, $1.50 per head, cheaper farther south. Herders (boys) can be had for $10 per month. The increase is very rapid.

/ A good ranch can be taken, or desirable location purchased of the natives for from $25 to $200. Government posts are numerous, and a ranch man or trader can always dispose of his stock or grain to good advantage. If possible, I will procure a speech by Hon. S.B. Elkins (delegate) and forward to you. Now, my dear Sir, if any of your friends think of coming West, New Mexico is the place to settle in. Please favor me with a reply. Address Laguna, via Albuquerque. Yours respectfully, Fred W. Eals".

Subjects: Animals / Reptiles, Business Enterprises, Children, Deerfield (MA), Economics, Emigration and Immigration, Family, Farmers & Farming / Flowers, Government, Latin America, Law and Lawyers, Literature / Web Pages, Mines and Mineral Resources, Native Americans, Racism, Religion, Rich People, Vendors and Purchasers, Women, Words, Work, Jewelry / Gold / Silver / Treasure, Geography

Posted by stew - Mon, Dec 1, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, May 3, 1875
Springfield's amusements the past week have been the trial of the Republican for libel of Willis Phelps

Springfield's amusements the past week have been the trial of the Republican for libel of Willis Phelps [See the article in the New York Times of Dec. 3, 1873, in which Mr. Phelps claims that the Springfield Republican called him the "Boss Tweed of Springfield"] before Judge Endicott, and a dog show, during which a poor frightened fox was let loose on Hampden Park, and the elite of Springfield witnessed its capture and mangling by the hounds.

Subjects: Amusements, Animals / Reptiles, Courts, Crime, Criminals, Hampshire / Hampden Counties, Literature / Web Pages, Names, Parks, Rich People, Robbers and Outlaws, Words

Posted by stew - Mon, Dec 1, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, May 3, 1875
Ida Greeley was married to Col

Ida Greeley was married to Col. Nicholas Smith, a smart young lawyer of Leavenworth, Kansas, at New York on Sat., and the pair sailed for Europe the same day, with her younger sister Gabriella and her aunt and cousins, Mrs. and the Misses Cleveland. [See the New York Times article of May 2, 1875].

Subjects: Family, Law and Lawyers, Literature / Web Pages, Marriage and Elopement, Rich People, Transportation, Women, Work, Europe

Posted by stew - Mon, Dec 1, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, May 3, 1875

Mrs. Elizabeth Dewey has been for years untiring in her labors of love to minister to the sick of our community, whether rich or poor, and on Sat. eve. the 24th, about 20 of her friends called upon her without notice, and as soon as they had been received and had gathered in the sitting room, Hon. John Sanderson addressed her in a few appropriate words, and in behalf of her friends Mrs. Sanderson presented her a beautiful silver cake basket. Mrs. Dewey kindly thanked them for their beautiful present, after which they spent a half hour in friendly intercourse and in drinking lemonade, which the guests had in readiness; and then they returned to their homes, feeling that they had not only made each other happier, but had also gladdened the heart of a "mother in Israel". We never before heard a speech of so few words express so much so fittingly, and just what those present desired to have expressed, as by the one on this occasion.

Subjects: Amusements, Bernardston (MA), Beverages, Charity, Diseases, Food, Furniture, Medical Personnel, Poor, Religion, Rich People, Women, Words, Work

Posted by stew - Mon, Dec 1, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, May 3, 1875
New Salem

William H. Earle, President of the National Council Sovereigns of Industry, delivered an address in the Town Hall Wed. eve. Mr. Earle promised to tell the truth, and we think his promise was fulfilled. He portrayed in eloquent language the injustice of the present system of trade in our country, placing the power and wealth in the hands of a few and rendering impossible an equitable division between labor and capital. "Competition" said he "while it lowers the price of goods, also gives us impure groceries, shoddy cloth, short weight". The great remedy, said the speaker, for this state of affairs is "organization". Isolated and alone the laboring man has no chance. The laboring class combined have the power to resist successfully the encroachments of trade". The lecture was very interesting throughout, and was listened to with marked attention.

Subjects: Amusements, Clubs, Economics, Food, Labor Unions, Organizing, New Salem (MA), Poor, Rich People, Vendors and Purchasers, Words, Work, Clothing

Posted by stew - Mon, Dec 1, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, April 19, 1875
North Hadley

North Hadley, and indeed the whole County, is in a state of excitement over the failure of Thaddeus Smith, an extensive farmer, tobacco raiser and dealer, and a large broom manufacturer at North Hadley, and a man of reputed large wealth, with liabilities variously reported at from $100,000 to $150,000. His failure also carries down several other large farmers and business men in that village, among whom are Edward P. Hibbard and his brother, Samuel S. Hibbard, large farmers, tobacco dealers and dairymen; H.C. Russell and A.P. Russell, farmers, tobacco raisers and growers of early garden vegetables; and Francis Smith, store keeper and tobacco dealer.

/ What the liabilities of any of these parties are is not yet known but they are believed to be large. It appears that all these parties have been in the habit of indorsing for each other, and their credit has been the very best. Their creditors are numerous and include nearly everybody in North Hadley, and many outside. The First National Bank Northampton and the Hampshire County Bank at Northampton, are said to lose a large amount by the paper of these men. James Stetson of Shutesbury is a creditor for $10,000 or $12,000 but is partially secured by a mortgage of real estate.

/ Clapp & Pomeroy of Northampton and L.L. Draper are said to be heavy losers. There are a large no. of creditors in Northampton for various amounts, among whom are B.E. Cook, Smith & Searle, and C.H. Jones for $100 each. Mr. Draper's claim is said to be from $3000 to $5000. One of the small farmers who is heavily crippled by these failures is Chester Cook of North Hadley, and he will probably be obliged to appeal to the insolvent court. Prof. W.B. Russell of Hatfield is also reported as carried down in the gale. What course these insolvent parties will pursue is not yet determined upon, but Mr. Thaddeus Smith proposes to call a meeting of his creditors at an early day, and lay the whole matter of his indebtedness before them. Of course there is a very despondent feeling in North Hadley. These men, with L.N. Granger, George C. Smith and one or two others, who are not seriously involved in these failures, have been the life of the business of the village, and the disaster cripples every enterprise here (Northampton Gazette). Thaddeus Smith has applied to be declared a bankrupt.

Subjects: Animals / Reptiles, Beverages, Business Enterprises, Businesspeople, Courts, Disasters, Economics, Education, Family, Farmers & Farming / Flowers, Food, Hampshire / Hampden Counties, Literature / Web Pages, Rich People, Shutesbury (MA), Smoking and Tobacco, Stores, Retail, Vendors and Purchasers, Weather

Posted by stew - Mon, Dec 1, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, April 12, 1875
News about home: Greenfield items

The Packard National Bank of Greenfield http://www.franklinc...field/everts/11.html has been organized by choice of the following directors: N.F. Henry, Greenfield; A.C. Deane, do.; George A. Kimball, do.; Almon Newcomb, Bernardston; Jacob Stever, Palmer; William N. Packard, do.; R.A. Packard, Greenfield.

Subjects: Bernardston (MA), Business Enterprises, Businesspeople, Economics, Greenfield (MA), Massachusetts, Rich People

Posted by stew - Mon, Dec 1, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, April 12, 1875
Shelburne Falls

Miss Isadore Pratt, who for the past year has been studying music and painting with the old masters in Germany, arrived safely home April 8, to the great joy of her numerous friends.

Subjects: Art, Education, Germans, Music, Old Age, Rich People, Shelburne and Shelburne Falls (MA), Transportation, Women

Posted by stew - Mon, Dec 1, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, April 12, 1875
The Holy Land at present

During this season of sacred festivals the latest information from the Holy Land, conveying, as it does, much relating to the region as a field for residence and immigration, reads very curiously. It was elicited by Sir Moses Montefiore, the wealthy London Jew [an excellent article about him at Wikipedia], who desired to benefit the people of his nation who have settled, or might wish to, round about Jerusalem.

/ Our writer states that there is some extensive, fertile and well watered land on the roadway between Jerusalem and Hebron, and he says that this could be adapted for the reception of poor families, and the water could be made available for working mills and factories. Another affirms that there is a similar fruitful territory at Rama, the birthplace of Samuel, and he adds that at Hebron there is land which is already producing corn, wine, oil, silk and cotton, mineral waters, salt and actually coal. We also learn that there are many fertile and irrigated regions in Galilee.

/ The trouble however, in the agricultural development of the Holy Land, lies in the fact that among the natives, there is not one man in a hundred knows how to plow or plant, for they are for the most part artisans. There is great need of capital, which, if it could be supplied at a rate of 5 per cent, would give very satisfactory returns. A proper system of apprenticeship for the boys of Jerusalem - who are said to be quite precocious - is also recommended, and an effort to this end is now actually being made on the Joppa farm [Joppa is now Jaffa]. The Bedouins are troublesome in some sections, but the requisite assistance can be obtained from the Turkish government. Thus we see that the Holy Land begins to be talked about and prospected very much like the newly opened regions of our own Great West.

Subjects: Art, Beverages, Births, Business Enterprises, Children, Coal, Economics, Education, Emigration and Immigration, English (and England), Fairs, Family, Farmers & Farming / Flowers, Food, Jews, Liquors, Poor, Racism, Religion, Rich People, Rivers / Lakes / Oceans, Roads, Urbanization / Cities, Arabs, Europe, Geography

Posted by stew - Mon, Dec 1, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, April 5, 1875
Suddenly acquired wealth of a California man

Suddenly acquired wealth of a California man (long blurry article).

Subjects: Economics, Rich People

Posted by stew - Mon, Dec 1, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, April 5, 1875
News of the week

Two colored men were ejected Sun. from the most aristocratic Catholic Church in Washington, because they insisted on occupying seats in the body of the church and refused to go to the gallery set apart for colored people. The affair created much excitement.

Subjects: African-Americans / Blacks, Furniture, Racism, Religion, Rich People

Posted by stew - Mon, Dec 1, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, April 5, 1875

Mr. Sophia Dickinson of Hatfield, lately deceased, left among other legacies, $2000 to her niece, Mrs. George Billings, and $2000 to her nephew, Edward C. Cowles, both of Deerfield.

Subjects: Deerfield (MA), Economics, Family, Hampshire / Hampden Counties, Obituaries, Rich People, Women

Posted by stew - Mon, Dec 1, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, March 29, 1875
News about home: Greenfield items

Hon. Henry Chapman died at the Insane Hospital in Northampton on Tues. Thirty years ago he was a leading citizen and lawyer in this town, for a time a partner with Judge Aiken. He was one of the original petitioners for the incorporation of the Troy and Greenfield Railroad, and President of the road when the first State loan of $2,000,000 was obtained. He always remembered and retained his interest in the road. In 1840 he was appointed Clerk of Courts for this County, which office he held until 1852, when as a result of a severe sickness, he was attacked with softening of the brain, and has been unfitted for business ever since.

/ He formerly owned and occupied a fine residence on Main Street, at the head of Chapman Street, which was his home and which was named after him. Soon after his sickness, his family was broken up, and as Mr. Chapman was considered harmless, he was boarded for many years in town, and his physical health being good, could be daily seen on our streets. His memory was excellent of all events that transpired previous to his illness, but a blank in relation to everything after. For 4 or 5 years past, he has been an inmate of the Hospital at Northampton. He leaves a wife and three children, a daughter being the wife of Mr. Leonard, a prominent lawyer in Springfield; another daughter the wife of a leading railroad man, and a son is in business in Montreal.

Subjects: Business Enterprises, Businesspeople, Courts, Diseases, Economics, Family, Greenfield (MA), Hampshire / Hampden Counties, History, Households, Insanity, Law and Lawyers, Massachusetts, Medical Personnel, Obituaries, Rich People, Roads, Trains, Widows and Widowers, Canada

Posted by stew - Mon, Dec 1, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, March 29, 1875
A mysterious murder at Boston

The citizens of East Boston were startled Mon. eve. by the report that Mrs. Margaret Bingham, a young widow of the highest respectability, had been found dead in the cellar of the house 97 Webster Street, where she resided with her mother, Mrs. Sarah Lovejoy. Mrs. Bingham was last seen alive about 2 o'clock in the afternoon, and not being seen after that time she was supposed by her mother to have gone out upon an errand or to make a call on some of her friends.

/ At 4 o'clock Mrs. Lovejoy descended to the first floor of the house, as the sitting room was on the second floor, and found the outside door and the doors leading to the cellar open. Nothing was thought of this occurrence, however, and the doors were closed and Mrs. Lovejoy returned to the sitting room. Later in the afternoon she noticed her daughter's outer clothing in the house and then became quite anxious as to where she could have gone or what could have so long detained her.

/ About 8 o'clock Mrs. Lovejoy went to the cellar for some coal, and was rendered almost frantic by finding the dead body of her daughter. A physician was at once called, and the police were notified. The body of the victim was lying on the back with the feet toward the cellar stairs. The mouth was found to be filled to the utmost capacity with gravel and earth. Some of the stones were as large as English walnuts, and one had been forced down the throat as far as the epiglottis, which alone was sufficient to cause death. Between 20 and 30 bruises or contusions were discovered on different parts of the body. On the head were several wounds, evidently made with some sharp instrument.

/ On the throat were the marks of fingers, tightly compressed, showing also the imprints of the nails, indicating that great force had been employed. Portions of Mrs. Brigham's hair had also been torn away and lay about the cellar, and the comb which she wore in her hair at the time was found broken into numerous pieces. Blood covered the face and besprinkled the floor of the cellar, which being in many places decayed was torn up, showing that a fearful struggle ensued between the victim and her murderer.

/ In one place, where the floor had been broken and torn away, the ground had evidently been scooped up by the hands and used as above stated. It was also found strewn about the cellar floor. The condition of the remains at the time they were found indicated that death must have taken place as much as 3 hours before.

/ Mrs. Bingham was a prepossessing lady of about 30 years, possessing a fine education and other qualities of mind and heart which placed her in the best circles of the island ward, and grouped about her a large number of warm friends. Her husband, Mr. Samuel Bingham, who died about 4 years ago, was a son of the late well known Rev. Joel S. Bingham. It is not known that Mrs. Bingham had an enemy in the world, her disposition being that of a kind Christian woman, unostentatious and modest.

/ It is a singular fact that within the past two or three years, four of her immediate relatives have met sudden deaths. Her husband died away from home of diphtheria and was buried from his home on Webster Street. A brother committed suicide in the same house, within a short time, while her father-in-law died very suddenly while on a trip to the West.

/ The investigation into the mysterious death of Mrs. Bingham establishes beyond doubt the fact that she was murdered. The last seen of her alive she went to answer the door bell, and it is supposed she then admitted her murderer. A lamp was found in the cellar, and as a villainous looking man had called two doors above and gained access to the cellar on the plea of examining the water pipes, it is supposed the same man was guilty of her murder, and that Mrs. Bingham innocently accompanied him to the cellar to light his way. She is known to have had money upon her person, and this was taken as well as 4 rings from her fingers. The murderer evidently intended robbing as well as a later crime in which he seems to have been foiled.

/ A clew to the murderer was gained Wed. in the discovery of 2 of her rings in a saloon at Salem, where they had been sold early in the morning. The rings have been positively identified, and a minute description of the murderer obtained. He was tracked to the depot in Salem, where he purchased a ticket Tues. night for Gloucester. The entire police force of Boston was at once notified, every available man in the secret service put to work, being dispatched to all the cities and towns within a radius of 50 miles of Boston.

/ George Johnson, alias Pemberton, the East Boston murderer, was captured on Salem Street about 2 o'clock Thurs. aft. by Officers Spear and Haley - who also captured Wagner, the Isle of Shoals murderer - and was positively identified. The officers who effected the capture struck the trail about 11 o'clock, and followed closely upon it until they found him. Witnesses will not be wanting to identify the criminal as, besides Robert Laughlin, to whom he sold the rings of the murdered woman at Salem, there is a man who saw him enter the house on the afternoon of the murder, and a boy who met him as he came out, and who says that he can positively identify him. [For more information, see the New York Times article entitled "George Pemberton, the East Boston murderer, committed for trial" from March 27, 1875].

Subjects: Barber / Hair, Bars (Drinking establishments), Boston (MA), Coal, Crime, Criminals, Diseases, Economics, Education, English (and England), Family, Food, Households, Light, Lost and Found, Medical Personnel, Mourning Customs, Murder, Police, Religion, Rich People, Roads, Robbers and Outlaws, Sales, Suicide, Trains, Vacations, Vendors and Purchasers, Widows and Widowers, Women, Jewelry / Gold / Silver / Treasure, Clothing

Posted by stew - Mon, Dec 1, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, March 29, 1875
The Beecher trial

(A few interesting tidbits from the long article) - Direct testimony and cross-examination of Bessie Turner, who re-affirmed her testimony about Tilton's attempt to seduce her. She said: The second visit of Tilton to my room was in 1869, and the first in 1858...My impression is that Mrs. Tilton was absent from home; I was sleeping alone in the second story front bedroom...Tilton came in to bid me good night, and he stroked my hair and remarked how soft it was; he put his hand on my neck. I removed it and he said "Why Bessie darling, how modest you are". He said that people in the best classes of society generally gave such caresses; that even ministers gave them; I told him I did not care what people in the best society did; he talked to me about marriage and affinities, and asked to allow him to love and caress me; I thought this conversation on his part was very strange; I was then about 17 years of age. I was not shocked; I studied over his language, as I did not know what he meant.

/ I was angry when he put his hand on my neck; I had, up to this time, been very much attached to Mrs. Tilton, but do not think I told her then of that occurrence"...She describes a making up between Tilton and his wife after a separation...Mr. Tilton claimed Paul was not his child. He claimed none of them except Florence. He said he had seen Mrs. Tilton and Mr. Beecher time and again having sexual intercourse on the red sofa. He also named two other gentlemen with whom she had improper relations...(Sometimes Mr. Tilton locked Mrs. Tilton in her bedroom)..."I told Mr. Tilton he should treat his wife kindly as she was always crying, and he said she was weeping for her sins with Mr. Beecher".

/ Bessie Turner was on the witness stand several days...On Thursday some of Mrs. Woodhull's colored servants were put upon the stand to prove Tilton's connection with that woman and the conspiracy to blackmail Beecher. James B. Woodley testified: "I have often seen Mr. Tilton and Mrs. Woodhull sitting talking together with their arms around each other; this was very natural I thought. It occurred almost as often as Mr. Tilton was at the house or the office...A colored woman named Lucy Ann Giles was called and testified: "I have lived in Brooklyn 9 years and worked as cook for the family of Victoria Woodhull. I was employed there in 1870 for about a year and a month. I saw Mr. Tilton there on the 3rd of July 1871 for the first time. He was writing and stayed there all night. He did not sleep on the sofa lounge that night...I saw him in Mrs. Woodhull's bedroom 3 or 4 times...When I went in on the 4th of July night, Mrs. Woodhull was in her bed gown and Mr. Tilton had off his coat and vest and was in his stocking feet". (There was also testimony about a plot to embarrass Beecher and Plymouth church to obtain money - $100,000 - to hush up the scandal. This was a conversation between Woodhull, Tilton, a Col. Blood and Miss Claflin).

Subjects: African-Americans / Blacks, Barber / Hair, Children, Courts, Crime, Criminals, Dreams / Sleep, Economics, Family, Furniture, Holidays, Literature / Web Pages, Marriage and Elopement, Religion, Rich People, Scandals, Seduction, Sex Crimes, Wife Abuse, Women, Work, Clothing

Posted by stew - Mon, Dec 1, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, March 29, 1875

James P. Bates, the well known and justly popular agent of Palmer & Bates, was married in Boston Thurs. eve. the 18th, to Alice A. Bailey, daughter of Albert Bailey, Esq., residing at 372 Dorchester Street. The ceremony was attended by a large and select company of the bride's and groom's most intimate friends, including half a dozen of the latter from Athol. At the conclusion of the ceremony, a brilliant reception was given the happy pair by the bride's parents. The next day Mr. and Mrs. Bates departed on a short wedding trip. The numerous friends of Mr. Bates in Athol will wish him all manner of happiness in the new relations which he has assumed (Athol Transcript).

Subjects: Athol (MA), Boston (MA), Business Enterprises, Businesspeople, Family, Households, Literature / Web Pages, Montague (MA), Parties, Rich People, Roads, Vacations

Posted by stew - Mon, Dec 1, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, March 22, 1875
News about home (Greenfield)

Washington Hall was not too capacious for the throng of people who attended the mock trial of the Greenfield Lyceum Fri. eve., for every desirable seat in the body of the house was occupied. The witnesses for the prosecution having been examined at the previous session of the court, the defense was opened by Attorney Cooley, and a number of witnesses were put upon the stand, including the prisoners who testified on their own behalf.

/ The plea for the defendants was made by W. Johnson and the summing up for the prosecution was by B.S. Parker. The pathetic eloquence of the counsel, who set forth the points of the case in the brightest color, caused visible emotion among the jurors and the audience.

/ Chief Justice Lee's charge to the jury gave a plain outline of their duty. He cautioned them not to let any tender sympathy or pity for the prisoners, bias or warp their convictions of justice. The jury retired under the charge of Sheriff Owen; they returned once for instruction on a doubtful point, but soon found a verdict of guilty. The prisoners stood up and received their sentence. The penalty for their misconduct was to pay for a supper to be partaken of by the officers of the court at Richardson's, and failure to comply they were to be burned at a stake before the monument on the Common. Thus ended the trial which had furnished some decidedly rich developments, and was attended with only less interest than the case of Tilton vs. Beecher. The programme of the next meeting to be held at Grand Army Hall next Fri. eve. will include a criticism of the trial by Newell snow, and the discussion of the question, "Resolved: that poverty develops character better than wealth", with P. Field to open the affirmative, and W.D. Chandler the negative.

Subjects: Amusements, Clubs, Courts, Divorce, Executions and Executioners, Fires, Food, Jokes, Law and Lawyers, Literature / Web Pages, Parks, Police, Poor, Prisons, Rich People, Statues

Posted by stew - Mon, Dec 1, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, March 22, 1875
Montpelier has a first class sensation in a suit for damages for breach of promise and seduction

Montpelier has a first class sensation in a suit for damages for breach of promise and seduction, brought by Miss Hattie J. Bradshaw of Manchester, N.H., against John W. Page, a graduate of Dartmouth and son of the wealthy banker and State Treasurer, John A. Page http:/

age.html Another suit is entered by the same plaintiff in the same court against Dr. J.N. Brigham [probably Dr. Gershom Nelson Brigham ], a well known physician of Montpelier, for procuring an abortion upon her.

Subjects: Birth Control, Courts, Economics, Education, Family, Government, Law and Lawyers, Medical Personnel, New Hampshire, Rich People, Seduction, Vermont, Women

Posted by stew - Mon, Dec 1, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, March 15, 1875
The streets of Benares, India [also known as Banaras or Varanasi). From the New York Observer - We took a gharry to see the town. We rode through the new part of the city, where the streets are broad and well macadamized, and smooth as a floor. Beautiful shade trees are planted all along the broad streets. There are many modern houses and shops, and some of them have large yards, beautifully ornamented with trees, shrubs, and flowers. We did not, however, drive through all the streets, for in the old part of the city

hoto/2643448-lg.jpg they are not over 5 or 6 ft. wide. Many of these narrow streets are lined on either side with substantial stone houses, 6 or 7 stories high.

/ These streets are so crooked and winding that one needs a guide to go most anywhere, and certainly to get out of them. The shops of the same kind of business are congregated in one street. We went through quite a long street, and every shop was devoted to workers in brass. The same holds good as to iron workers, the silver and gold workers.

/ It is a great manufacturing city, and many curious things are made here. There are shops of every kind, and every trade is represented. Every shop is open to the street. We visited them, and were particularly interested in the workers in brass. They manufacture and carve, in the most beautiful manner, the vases and all the utensils used in housekeeping. These shops are filled with all types of brass goods, and every article is as bright as gold. Every dealer will be after you to buy his wares at some price, and you will very likely get loaded with goods. We visited the tin and ironsmiths, and thought we never saw such a variety of goods before.

/ The jewelry shops and stores are filled with very rich and costly goods. We were left to wonder where such beautiful and expensive wares of silver and ornaments of gold jewels could find a market. There is quite a street where slippers are made, apparently enough to supply all India. We saw shops where saddlery hardware was made. It is all very interesting and curious, and all those shops were filled with Hindoos, and not an idle person in the number.

/ One of the most interesting places in the city is where the accoutrements and uniforms of the soldiers and others are made. We visited the shop where all kinds of Oriental fabrics are made. The looms were in motion, and human muscle furnished the power. Apparently there is nothing so cheap as man power. These nearly naked men seem to work with the regularity of a machine. These shops are in the lower story of the houses. The first story is used not only for shops, but frequently for stabling cattle.

/ Of all the curious and costly products of the looms of this city, the celebrated Brocade of Benares is the most wonderful. We visited one of these establishments, but made no purchases. We have often read of this fabric - the gold cloth of the famous city. Our guide led the way up several flights of stone steps. The passageways, as well as the stairs, were all narrow as well as winding. We reached the store room, but nothing but the stone floor and naked walls were in sight, but soon a salesman appeared and unlocked some massive doors and spread out a sheet upon the floor, and upon that, piece after piece of the beautiful brocade. We saw no piece that cost less than 60 dollars a yard, and several pieces that cost twice that sum.

/ Some of these brocades seemed half gold, but the cloth was as soft and pliable as though all silk...We wondered at the skill of the weaver and admired his work, but the polite merchant was compelled to replace his beautiful fabrics in their place of safety, and we, with many thanks and bows took our leave. There is an indescribable charm about the streets and street sights of this ancient city.

/ The aristocracy, consisting of the princes and priests and wealthy merchants, are all elegantly dressed, many of them in costly silks; but the laboring classes have the merest apology for clothing, many of them wearing only the dhotee, or a piece of cotton cloth about their loins, while most of the children

hoto/3340407-lg.jpg are entirely naked.But we soon get used to this costume of the laboring classes, for we see it everywhere in warm climates. Half of the people of the town seem to live in the streets and transact all their business there. All kinds of goods are offered you as you walk along the streets, but the Hindoo is always polite and respectful.

/ We saw a great variety of small paintings on isinglass, illustrative of the customs and habits of the people. Those of the military represent the officers and the common soldiers, the priests and the people. The most curious of all these illustrations are those of the religious beggars. They assume costumes according to caste, and are very numerous, and many of them very degraded.

/ There are some horses and cows in the street, but I did not see a single bull at large. There are but few horses in Benares, and they are seldom used to draw heavy loads or bear burdens. They are harnessed before the most curious little cart in the world. The harness is composed of a kind of saddle, unto which the thills of the cart are fastened clear up on the back of the horse. The cart itself is a rude affair. The thills are bent so that they have to go by the horse’s side, and then crook up on to his back. It has a little top about as large as an umbrella, and often has bells hanging to it. It is only the rich that can afford one of these outfits.

/ The common people use the little bullock, but he is nimble and trots off like a horse. We visited the parks and gardens of the city, were greatly interested in the beautiful and luxuriant tress of this favored land. Most of these trees are new to us, and as we look upon them for the first time, we are amazed at the richness of the foliage. There is a boundless variety of shrubs and trailing vines and flowers in these wonderful gardens. There is no frost to stiffen the ground or to chill the air, and all these trees and shrubs are forever green.

/ The old leaf ripens and is pushed from its place by the new ones, but the stalk is never bare. There is no winter here, but there are long seasons of dry weather, but these beautiful gardens are kept fresh and verdant by irrigation. The water is raised for that purpose by immense wells by rude machines, here worked by oxen. The water is conducted all over the gardens in cement conduits. It is all very laborious, but human muscle is very cheap in India.

Subjects: Animals / Reptiles, Art, Business Enterprises, Businesspeople, Children, Curiosities and Wonders, Cutlery, Economics, Farmers & Farming / Flowers, Fashion, History, Horses, Households, Literature / Web Pages, Miscellanea, Parks, Poor, Religion, Rich People, Rivers / Lakes / Oceans, Roads, Royalty, Sales, Stores, Retail, Tramps, Transportation, Urbanization / Cities, Vendors and Purchasers, War / Weaponry, Weather, Work, Architecture / Construction, Jewelry / Gold / Silver / Treasure, Geography, Clothing

Posted by stew - Mon, Dec 1, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, March 15, 1875
The Girard Estate

In 1847 the Girard College was opened, with 150 orphans. Now it has 550, the limit of the capacity of the present buildings. The income of the estate in 1874 was $600,000, expenses of the college $400,000, leaving a surplus of $200,000. The income is largely on the increase, and it is not easy to say where it will stop.

/ Twelve coal mines [?] productive at Mr. Girard's death, have been opened and yield a large revenue. The estate has 550 acres of land in the southern part of Philadelphia, which will soon produce an immense income. There is sufficient land on Passyunk Road to put up from 10,000 to 12,000 houses, (481 rental properties were eventually built, and they were used for the street shots in the Rocky Balboa movies ) and they would yield to the estate at least $1,500,000 per year. Every year the trust could expend $200,000 in building, which would yield 10% on the outlay...

Subjects: Charity, Coal, Economics, Education, Obituaries, Orphans and Orphanages, Rich People, Roads, Architecture / Construction

Posted by stew - Mon, Dec 1, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, March 15, 1875
A noted miser named Lynch died recently in Dublin

A noted miser named Lynch died recently in Dublin, Ireland, leaving a fortune of $150,000 to a brother who is, at the least, not a miser. That money is likely to circulate now.

Subjects: Economics, Family, Irish, Obituaries, Rich People

Posted by stew - Mon, Dec 1, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, March 8, 1875
Gerrit Smith and family prayer

Gerrit Smith and family prayer (long article).

Subjects: Charity, Family, Religion, Rich People

Posted by stew - Mon, Dec 1, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, March 8, 1875
The late Senator Sumner's house at Washington was sold at auction Thurs

The late Senator Sumner's house at Washington was sold at auction Thurs., to W.W. Corcoran [William Wilson Corcoran] the wealthy banker, for $40,000.

Subjects: Businesspeople, Economics, Government, Households, Obituaries, Rich People, Sales, Vendors and Purchasers

Posted by stew - Wed, Oct 4, 2006

Gazette & Courier - Monday, March 1, 1875
Letter from Judge Grennell

The following letter from the venerable Judge Grennell of Greenfield, first president of the Troy & Greenfield railroad, tendering his resignation as director of that corporation, will be read with interest:

To the Directors of the Troy & Greenfield Railroad Company, at their meeting on the 16th, at the American House, Boston.

Gentlemen: I have been notified of your intended meeting as aforesaid, and have been officially requested to attend the same. The meeting will be fitting and important, by reason of the lamented death of the Hon. Alvah Crocker, an early and eminent advocate of the road, and tunnel in the line of it, and President of the company at the time of his decease. As a director I feel a strong desire to be present. But I do not forget that I am in the 89th year of my life. And it would seem to show a lack of common prudence if not a disregard to personal safety, to attempt at this season to meet with the Board at Boston.

This call of a director’s meeting will remind some of us of the action of the directors in times long past, and of the travels, tolls, and anxious cares encountered in the cause of the great public enterprise. Northern Massachusetts had been destitute, in a great measure, of railroad facilities. The great need of the time was to create and perfect those facilities. This the Legislature designed to do by chartering the Troy & Greenfield... Presenting our position, we were at once confronted by a formidable opposition - an opposition rich, respectable and powerful. The tunnel feature was scouted; it was impracticable unless at a frightful cost, which the people would not endure; absolutely visionary.

The Legislature then, and the people after them thought differently. The charter was granted. It was in great part, based on the opinions and testimony of such engineers as Loammi, Baldwin, Hayward, Edwards, and others of distinction, among whom President Hitchcock should be named. In pursuance of the act of charter, on the 5th of April 1849, the corporation organized. On the 11th of that month I was chosen President. Then followed the labors, travel, efforts and expenses incident to getting subscriptions for stock, a slow and weary process.

Many of our co-laborers in these efforts have passed away. I need only name Chief Justice Wells and Major S.H. Reed. Some still remain among us, and may patiently and confidently say "I have done the State some service". Among them are Colonel R.H. Leavitt of Charlemont and Dr. E.S. Hawkes of North Adams; Henry Chapman is well and gratefully remembered for his zeal and ability given to a good cause. So is Engineer Edwards.

Of the present position of the great works, I have nothing to say. The past is in our view and in grateful memory. We cannot forecast the future fortune, but we may hold to a good hope. I trust we shall stand on our rights and claim nothing more. I will say, however, that as far as I know, no officer of our corporation ever received one dollar of compensation for his labors and sacrifices to this cause. The road is near completion. An opening is made through the Hoosac Mountain and the tunnel will henceforth stand as the crowning glory of the railroad system of Massachusetts.

Gentlemen, I have long acted as a favored servant of the corporation. My services are at an end. And for reasons herein before indicated, I hereby resign the office of director. Most Respectfully, George Grennell

Appropriate resolutions were passed upon the decease of Messrs. Crocker and Cheever, and also a vote of thanks was passed to Mr. Grennell of Greenfield, the first president of the corporation, whose letter of resignation published above was read by the clerk.

Subjects: Boston (MA), Business Enterprises, Businesspeople, Charlemont (MA), Economics, Government, Greenfield (MA), History, Hoosac Tunnel (MA), Hotels, Law and Lawyers, Literature / Web Pages, Massachusetts, Mourning Customs, Obituaries, Old Age, Prophecies, Rich People, Trains, Transportation, Work, Berkshire County (MA)

Posted by stew - Wed, Oct 4, 2006

Gazette & Courier - Monday, February 22, 1875
Bad incidents in New Mexico

Bad incidents in New Mexico - A Western paper relates the following: A ball in Santa Fe was attended by the members of the best society in the place, but an incident shows that border usages are not confined to border ruffians. George Stone, son of the leading lawyer, and John Collier, son of the leading physician, were among the dancers, and Miss Townley, regarded as the handsomest young lady in Santa Fe, was there too. She is a coquette, and that night she accomplished the common feminine exploit of making each of two admirers believe that he was most agreeable. At last their attentions clashed, and without a word of controversy, Collier drew his revolver and fired at Stone, the bullet making a terrible wound in the shoulder. The wounded man at once shot his assailant dead. As both lay on the floor unconscious, Miss Townley dropped the coquetry that had made the deadly trouble and revealed her preference for Collier by falling wildly upon his dead body. Stone will recover.

Subjects: Courtship, Crime, Criminals, Dance, Family, Law and Lawyers, Literature / Web Pages, Medical Personnel, Rich People, Women, Words

Posted by stew - Sun, Aug 27, 2006

Gazette & Courier - Monday, February 22, 1875
(Greenfield) The directors of the Troy & Greenfield Railroad Corporation held a special meeting at the American House, Boston, Mon., and chose (Greenfield) The directors of the Troy & Greenfield Railroad Corporation held a special meeting at the American House, Boston, Mon., and chose Edward Appleton , Asa P. Morse and Francis L. Chapman of Cambridge Directors in place of Hon. Alvah Crocker and Hon. James Cheever, deceased, and Hon. George Grennel, resigned. Hon. Lewis Rice was elected President. The board as now constituted is as follows: Lewis Rice of Boston (President); George P. Sanger, Boston; Otis Clapp, Boston; F.H. Forbes, Boston; Edward Appleton, Boston; Harvey Arnold, North Adams; Otis T. Ruggles, Fitchburg; Francis L. Chapman, Cambridge.

Subjects: Boston (MA), Elections, Greenfield (MA), Hotels, Obituaries, Rich People, Trains, Berkshire County (MA)

Posted by stew - Fri, Aug 25, 2006

Gazette & Courier - Monday, February 22, 1875
Insults to Sheridan

Insults to Sheridan - The people of New Orleans are polite and gallant. The St. Charles has for years been the hotel at which the elite of the people have been wont to assemble. As such its reputation had become almost national. A scene in the dining room which occurred not long since will give a better idea of society and politeness than anything which can be written. Gen. Sheridan lived at this hotel. In his party there were two ladies. The time is dinner. The place the dining room of the hotel. The parties, Gen. Sheridan and the 2 ladies accompanying him sitting at one table, and at another not very far distant several Southern gentlemen. Immediately upon the General and his friends being seated and beginning to eat their dinner, the gentlemen referred to produced opera glasses. And none of the little sort, genuine big ones and the largest calibre, and pointing them at the ladies look through them and watch them eat, passing the opera glasses from one to another, that each in turn in this novel manner might gratify curiosity and insult ladies at one and the same time. Though much annoyed at this impertinence, the General and the ladies were not deterred from finishing their meal and thus probably frustrating a part of the design of the chivalrous gentlemen. There is but one instance in thousands that have come to my knowledge and many through personal experience during the long years passed at the South. There is nothing like getting used to it, for it enables one to know accurately how much dependence is to be placed upon protestations of love and kindly feeling for you, and to appreciate the extent of such free will offerings. By their fruits shall they be known (New Orleans correspondent of the Hartford Courant).

Subjects: Connecticut, Etiquette, Food, Furniture, Glass / Windows, Hotels, Literature / Web Pages, Music, Rich People, War / Weaponry, Women

Posted by stew - Thu, Aug 24, 2006

Gazette & Courier - Monday, February 22, 1875
The famous Mary Ann Boxer, the rich man's daughter who years ago married her coachman, John Dean, is one of the examiners at the New York Custom House.

The famous Mary Ann Boxer, the rich man’s daughter who years ago married her coachman, John Dean, is one of the examiners at the New York Custom House.

Subjects: Government, Marriage and Elopement, Poor, Rich People, Scandals, Transportation, Women, Work

Posted by stew - Thu, Aug 24, 2006

Gazette & Courier - Monday, February 22, 1875
http://www.calarchiv...lassen/lass-defo.htm Charles A. Merrill , a native of Waldo County, Maine, went to California 10 years ago when he was but [?] years old, leaving a young lady in Belfast [Clara A. Shibles] to whom he was betrothed. He accumulated a fortune, and returning to his native place last week, married her, having kept up a correspondence during his long absence.

Subjects: Business Enterprises, Businesspeople, Courtship, Emigration and Immigration, Literature / Web Pages, Marriage and Elopement, Rich People, Women, Work

Posted by stew - Thu, Aug 24, 2006

Gazette & Courier - Monday, February 22, 1875
A remarkable case of cruelty to an animal has just been brought to the notice of the society for the prevention, etc. in Illinois. Nelson Coleman of Canton got enraged with a colt 10 years ago, and s

A remarkable case of cruelty to an animal has just been brought to the notice of the society for the prevention, etc. in Illinois. Nelson Coleman of Canton got enraged with a colt 10 years ago, and swore he would get even with the animal. Accordingly he shut him up in a pen 10 x 12 ft. in size and fed and watered him regularly, but never allowed him outside the enclosure. The animal began to waste away, but lived for 10 years, doubtless suffering intensely all the time until there was hardly anything left of him but skin and bones and he had grown out of shape. His fore hoofs reached a length of 18 inches and turned upward and inward till they came in contact with the shanks, while the hind hoofs were worn away neatly to the first joint. The man’s malignant cruelty to the animal was well known to the neighbors, but he was quite wealthy and a dangerous fellow, so they didn’t dare interfere. The agent of a circus company offered Coleman $1500 for the horse last summer but he wouldn’t take it. A court has taken the matter to hand.

Subjects: Animals / Reptiles, Charlemont (MA), Circus, Clubs, Courts, Crime, Criminals, Curiosities and Wonders, Economics, Food, Horses, Rich People, Work

Posted by stew - Wed, Aug 23, 2006

Gazette & Courier - Monday, February 22, 1875
Turners Falls Bridge

Turners Falls Bridge - The Turners Falls bridge question will soon come up in the Legislature, on petition of A.W. Stevens and 152 others of Turners Falls. Other petitions have been circulated in the towns especially interested, and largely signed. We signed the petition because we believe there is a public necessity for a bridge. The single fact that a bridge at this point will connect a rich agricultural district with what will soon be a large manufacturing town, and that the supplies for this town must come from this district, for the growing village of Millers Falls will absorb the product of the country in the opposite direction. This single fact alone is enough to indicate a necessity. But this act is supported by a large amount of statistical proof which makes the question a very clear one. All of that territory lying between Northfield Mountain and the height of land in Coleraine will naturally find its way to Turners Falls by this bridge. All of this territory is now, or soon will be looking for better roads to this place. It is important then that these roads should have some definite objective point, that they may be built in the right place, once for always. The town of Gill is one of the richest agricultural towns in the State in proportion to its population, and if this bridge was built its valuation would double in a few years. Turners Falls will be a wealthy thriving town, and would be greatly stimulated in its growth by having better roads to connect it with the surrounding country. Building material is at the lowest point, laborers are idle, and thousands of dollars could be saved by building before labor and material rise. If the bridge was once built there would be no man in the county so insane as to wish it unbuilt.

Subjects: Bridges, Coleraine [now Colrain] (MA), Connecticut River, Economics, Farmers & Farming / Flowers, Gill (MA), Insanity, Law and Lawyers, Massachusetts, Millers Falls (MA), Montague (MA), Northfield (MA), Rich People, Rivers / Lakes / Oceans, Roads, Turners Falls (MA), Urbanization / Cities, Vital Statistics, Work, Architecture / Construction

Posted by stew - Wed, Aug 2, 2006

Gazette & Courier - Monday, February 22, 1875

Work - "I am a burden to no one. I pay for whatever I have. I am dependent only on myself". We hear such assertions every day from those who never did a stroke of work, either at business or manual labor, but they have some hundreds of thousands left them by some one who did work, and they have sat down to "enjoy" life, as they term it. Let me tell you, my friends, the workers of this world support you no less than they do the veriest papers in the alms house. I ask you, what do you in your idleness but to consume? And by what divine right are you entitled to idle about and use without endeavor to keep good that which industry has bestowed on you. Are you a better man than was your father, that you can spend his hard earned gains, regardless of the example he set you? Or a better woman that you need not remember that your mother was a worker? Rouse yourself, thoughtless ones! Find a business, go to work as men and women in your homes, among the busy throng, anywhere or anything respectable - only find something to do now, and trust the testimony of many that you will be far happier than in this life of idleness which, when you stop to consider, disgusts you as much as it does anyone.

Subjects: Business Enterprises, Economics, Family, Households, Poor, Religion, Rich People, Women, Work

Posted by stew - Sat, Jul 22, 2006

Gazette & Courier - Monday, February 15, 1875
(Erving) Our last Lycem was a good one. Subject for next meeting: Resolved

(Erving) Our last Lycem was a good one. Subject for next meeting: Resolved - that poverty develops character more than riches. We think then, that some of our characters should be pretty fully developed.

Subjects: Clubs, Education, Erving (MA), Poor, Rich People

Posted by stew - Tue, Jul 11, 2006

Gazette & Courier - Monday, February 15, 1875
(Warwick) Mrs. Mary Blake Clapp of Dorchester died on Sunday. She was born in Warwick and was a daughter of the late [?] Johnathan Blake, and sister of the late Hon. Jonathan Blake. She was also sist

(Warwick) Mrs. Mary Blake Clapp of Dorchester died on Sunday. She was born in Warwick and was a daughter of the late [?] Johnathan Blake, and sister of the late Hon. Jonathan Blake. She was also sister of Mrs. Sarah Leonard, the only surviving member of the family, who is 97 years old the 16th day of the present month. Mrs. Clapp has distinguished herself by her acts of benvolence towards the people of her native town. The day she was 80 years old, she gave to the Unitarian Society $1000. Since she has given them $1000 more. She has given $1000 to the town for the care and repairs of the cemetery. Also a large number of volumes of books to the town library.

Subjects: Births, Cemeteries, Charity, Economics, Family, Government, Libraries and Librarians, Literature / Web Pages, Obituaries, Old Age, Religion, Rich People, Warwick (MA), Women

Posted by stew - Sun, Jun 25, 2006

Gazette & Courier - Monday, February 15, 1875
A model farm

A model farm - We copy from the Hartford Courant of the 16th inst., extracts from an interesting account by a correspondent of the farming operations of our late townsman, F. Ratchford Starr, Esq. [ http://www.famousame...erickratchfordstarr/ Frederick Ratchford Starr . Also seen as http://international.../r?ammem/ncps:@field(DOCID+@lit(ABK4014-0057-91)):: F.R. Starr ], so well known here, especially in connection with the Mutual Life Insurance Company. The extracts will interest Mr. http://memory.loc.go.../r?ammem/ncps:@field(DOCID+@lit(AFJ3026-0021-101)):: Starr 's many friends, and serve to show that the common satire upon gentleman farmers is not always applicable. "In Litchfield is a gentleman, Mr. Ratchford Starr, who is demonstrating practically the question of applied business ability to agricultural work, and from his experience thus far, I am sure he will be able to show conclusively by and by, what he is also showing comparatively, that perseverance, enterprise and wealth are factors which may be successfully utilized in farming as in anything else. Mr. Starr was compelled by ill health to retire from the business in which he was engaged in Philadelphia, and 5 years ago came to this place because of its healthful climate to recuperate. His original purchase was only 66 acres, but he soon added 7 adjoining properties, and has now a farm of nearly 400, all of which he has very greatly improved, and most of which he has brought to a high degree of perfection in all that constitutes modern farming. The location is one mile east of the charming village of Litchfield, and at an elevation of about 60 ft. above it, and commands a broad and extensive view of the unsurpassed landscape of this delightful section of the State. "Echo Farm" is the name of Mr. Starr's possession, not esthetically derived, but literally born out of the echoes with which every point of the domain resounds...Notably the stone walls give to the landscape an attraction of no insignificant merit, and these walls have come from the clearing of stony pastures, where the stones were truants and were keeping the soil in idleness, and are now serving an excellent purpose...One of the finest barns in the State was added last year. It is 100 ft. long and 40 ft. wide, and its massive stone foundation would do credit to any city building in point of workmanship. This building forms the north boundary of the barnyard. On the west is a large and finely built farm erected in 1873, and other buildings are to form the eastern boundary next spring. Occupying this barn is a herd of splendid Alderney cows which Mr. Starr has selected with great care. Among them is the cow 'Edith' which took the first prize at the state fair last year. There are 3 bulls on the premises - Litchfield, Scotia and Prince Edward - which are choice specimens; the sire bull 'Litchfield' is a magnificent animal; he is of a solid fawn color, gracefully shaped, and has a particularly fine head and clear eye. The stock as a whole will bear the closest scrutiny. The Dairy, which is and will remain a speciality on this farm, is a great attraction, and nothing is more noteworthy about it than its thorough order and cleanliness....Water is furnished in unfailing qunatities from the reservoirs which contribute to every needed place on the farm, and the most perfect arrangement for cooling in the summer are provided. The cooling pans used are the deep ones, the old theory that the larger the surface of milk the greater the quantity of cream to be had, now abandoned by the most accomplished dairymen. These pans are 19 1/2 inches deep, and 8 inches in diameter, being in shape like an ice cream freezer. I saw the tiny woman who superintended the dairy skim several of these pans, and took the measurement of cream got from one of them, which is a fair average. There was a depth of 18 1/4 inches of milk to begin with; the solid cream was of a clear thickness of 4 3/4 inches, or a little over 25% of rich cream. The butter made is eagerly demanded in New York, and brings readily $1 a lb., this being the result of 'fancy farming'. I have not had time to go fully into all the details of this farming enterprise...Besides giving him satisfactory results in the compensation for improvements and outlays for them, he has secured what is of more consequence, perfect health, and in his delightful home is one of the happiest men to be found anywhere".

Subjects: Animals / Reptiles, Beverages, Business Enterprises, Businesspeople, Charlemont (MA), Connecticut, Contests, Diseases, Economics, Eye, Fairs, Farmers & Farming / Flowers, Food, Households, Jokes, Literature / Web Pages, Names, Noise, Rich People, Royalty, Urbanization / Cities, Vendors and Purchasers, Women, Work, Architecture / Construction

Posted by stew - Sun, Jun 25, 2006

Gazette & Courier - Monday, February 15, 1875
Mrs. Lydia Bradley [also seen as Lydia Moss Bradley] of Peoria, Ill. has just been elected Director of t

Mrs. Lydia Bradley [also seen as http://history.allia.../br/htm1/bradley.cfm Lydia Moss Bradley ] of Peoria, Ill. has just been elected Director of the First National Bank of that city. She is a wealthy widow and a large stockholder of the bank.

Subjects: Economics, Elections, Rich People, Widows and Widowers, Women, Work

Posted by stew - Fri, Jun 23, 2006

Gazette & Courier - Monday, February 8, 1875
Death of the Hyde Park hermit

Death of the http://en.wikipedia....ark%2C_Massachusetts Hyde Park hermit - Two gentlemen from Dedham who were driving around Hyde Park Tues., visited the hut occupied by James Gately, the well known 'Hyde Park Hermit' . The snow leading to the hut was undisturbed, and arriving at the door they found it locked. Peering through the window, they saw the hermit curled up behind the small stove he used. Attracting his attention they asked him if he was sick, to which he responded by an affirmative nod. They asked him if they should break open the door and send for a doctor. He responded negatively, but they thought it best to send for a physician, and Dr. Edwards was called, and the door broken open, when a sickening spectacle presented itself to the visitors. The snow had leaked through the roof; every article was completely frozen, there was no fire in the stove, nor had there been apparently for some time, and the hermit himself was in an emaciated and filthy condition. The room was about 5 feet square, and neglect was everywhere apparent. The doctor, after an examination of Mr. Gately, saw that he was past all human aid, but did all he could to alleviate his suffering by administering restoratives. The hermit rallied a little, and as he was an Episcopalian, http://memory.loc.go...r?ammem/calbk:@field(DOCID+@lit(calbk062div75)) Rev. Dr. Van Kleek , [also seen as Van Kleeck] Dector of Christ church was sent for, and spoke consoling words to the dying man, but he apparently did not realize his situation. He said that he had been physically prostrated for 5 days from a severe cold, and during that time he had been unable to assist himself, nor had anyone come to his aid; he had not even had a drink of water, and it was suggested to the hermit that the hut be cleaned up, as some ladies would call and take care of him, but he strongly objected, and he gradually sank away and died in a few hours, and his inanimated body was left surrounded by the remains of birds, reptiles and animals, by stuffing which he had earned a living. The body ws taken in charge by the town authorities. The rags that covered his body being searched, sewed up in different parts were found, in greenbacks and coppers, the sum of $103.92. This money was deposited in the Hyde Park savings bank until called for by his heirs, if he has any. His funeral services will be held at Christ church on Friday. The body will be clad in the same coat which he wore when at college in England. A rumor was prevalent that he had left a will, but a strict search has thus far failed to bring it to light. Mr. Grew [ http://geneasearch.c...unkerhillmembers.htm Henry S. Grew ], the owner of the woods , excepting the strip the hermit occupied and owned, says he does not know of any will being made. He has left a large collection of stuffed animals, quite a museum in itself, which will probably go to the town of Hyde Park. The cause of his death was simply self neglect, which brought on congestion of the lungs. Gately was 64 years of age, a native of Cheshire, England, and was the eldest of a family of 6. His father was the owner of a vast tract of land in Cheshire, and his wealth was fabulous. He is still living, so far as is known. At an early age James showed a strong taste for ornithology, and became a careful and proficient student, receiving a liberal education. But his mind appeared to have been dimmed by some cause. At one time he was at the head of a prosperous school. Resolving to come to America, he landed in Boston, and subsequently boarded with a family in Roxbury. The turning point of his life was when one day, while visitng Charlestown and stepping into a saloon to get a glass of ale, he lost his pocket book and contents, all the money he possessed. Being treated with contempt on making known his loss, he returned to his boarding house, and taking his gun and ammunition, started for the woods with no definite idea. He enamped and lived in a place called Salley's Rock, West Roxbury. But the march of civilization drove him after a while to Hyde Park, which was then a wilderness, where he remained until his death. He received letters and papers from England regularly. A gentleman named Nadin from Philadelphia, visited Gately last summer, and recognized him as a companion in England. The meeting was very affecting. The hut he lived in was a small rude structure divided into two rooms. He divested himself of all the comforts and even necessaries of life, and gained a living by stuffing birds and reptiles. He was formerly a hard drinker, but latterly reformed.

Subjects: Animals / Reptiles, Bars (Drinking establishments), Beverages, Birds, Boston (MA), Charlemont (MA), Curiosities and Wonders, Diseases, Economics, Education, Emigration and Immigration, English (and England), Family, Fires, Government, Households, Ice, Insanity, Light, Liquors, Literature / Web Pages, Lost and Found, Mail, Massachusetts, Medical Personnel, Medicine / Hospitals, Mourning Customs, Museums, Obituaries, Parks, Poor, Religion, Rich People, Temperance, Transportation, Trees, Weather, Women, Words, Work, Clothing

Posted by stew - Mon, Jun 19, 2006

Gazette & Courier - Monday, February 8, 1875
(Turners Falls) The Turners Falls capitalists are now strongly urging the carrying of the direct Tunnel route to the east by the way of the Falls, and B.N. Farren is preparing a statement of the bene

(Turners Falls) The Turners Falls capitalists are now strongly urging the carrying of the direct Tunnel route to the east by the way of the Falls, and B.N. Farren is preparing a statement of the benefits to be derived from this route, which he will personally say before the Legislative committee in a few days. One of the arguments which will be brought out in favor of this route will be the comparatively large amount of business which is now being done with the present branch road between Greenfield and Turners Falls. The passenger tickets on this branch average fully $1000 a month, while the monthly freight receipts are now averaging as high as $4000...

Subjects: Business Enterprises, Businesspeople, Economics, Greenfield (MA), Hoosac Tunnel (MA), Law and Lawyers, Montague (MA), Rich People, Trains, Turners Falls (MA)

Posted by stew - Mon, Jun 12, 2006

Gazette & Courier - Monday, February 8, 1875
(Conway) Marshall Field, of the firm of Field, Leiter & Co. at Chica

(Conway) Marshall Field , of the firm of Field, Leiter & Co. at Chicago, has just returned from Europe and is visiting his native town, Conway.


Subjects: Business Enterprises, Businesspeople, Conway (MA), Emigration and Immigration, Rich People, Stores, Retail, Europe

Posted by stew - Sun, May 21, 2006

Gazette & Courier - Monday, February 8, 1875
At the annual meeting of the Massachusetts Total Abstinence Society Wed., Hon. William B. Spooner said he supposed that one half of the clergymen in

At the annual meeting of the Massachusetts Total Abstinence Society Wed., Hon. William B. Spooner said he supposed that one half of the clergymen in Boston would drink wine on a social occasion.

Subjects: Boston (MA), Clubs, Liquors, Massachusetts, Religion, Rich People, Temperance

Posted by stew - Sat, May 6, 2006

Gazette & Courier - Monday, February 8, 1875
The Khedive’s present of diamonds to Minnie Sherman

The Khedive’s present of http://www.kiroastro...ent/the_general.html diamonds to Minnie Sherman - A magnificent necklace and eardrops of diamonds were received the 27th, at the New York Custom House for delivery to Mrs. Lieut. Thomas W. Fitch, nee Miss Minnie Sherman. They were sent by the Khedive of Egypt as a wedding present to the daughter of Gen. Sherman, in token of his appreciation of the advice concerning the reorganization and discipline of officers for his army given by the General during his visit to Cairo in 1873. The necklace is a perfect mass of large diamonds, artistically strong, and with still larger diamonds hanging down at intervals in the form of pendants. The earrings are composed of a number of the larger sized diamonds arranged to match the necklace. Both are contained in a superb jewel case of velvet, and are accompanied by a congratulatory letter from the Khedive. Congress, recently, by a joint resolution authorized the Lieutenant to receive the present. Its value is estimated at $250,000.

Subjects: Art, Economics, Family, Government, Literature / Web Pages, Marriage and Elopement, Rich People, Royalty, War / Weaponry, Women, Arabs, Jewelry / Gold / Silver / Treasure

Posted by stew - Sat, May 6, 2006

Gazette & Courier - Monday, February 8, 1875
Misery and murder

Misery and murder - Not long since several papers gave a short paragraph concerning a young girl in Lynn who threw her infant, 2 weeks old, into the dock, was arrested for the crime, confessed her guilt, and was sent to jail to be tried for murder. The same papers informed us that the seducer walked into court, and after paying a fine of $25 and cost, walked out free. One or two papers alluded to the inequality of the law which permitted a young man of 21 to escape and a mere child of 16 to suffer. A few kind hearted fathers wished "the man sent to jail and the girl set free", mothers looked at their school girls of the same age and shuddered, while the gallant and chivalrous brothers vowed vengeance on the culprit of their own sex. Here and there one heard, "Oh, it is pitiful!" and there all public interest seemed to end. But even with this surface knowledge of facts, the great heart of humanity throbbed with pity for the unfortunate girl. There is, without doubt, too much mawkish sentimentality in the communities, too much tenderness toward criminals who are criminals indeed. The defaulter walks abroad at noon day, while Patrick O'Rafferty is in jail for stealing a loaf of bread for his hungry children. But the inequality in punishment depends quite as much on the morbid sense of our people as on existing laws. If every man who feels the wrong and injustice would devote a day or half of a day toward creating new and better laws, a healthier moral sentiment would soon prevail, and just laws would be faithfully and judiciously executed. With such thoughts in mind, the writer of this article made an effort to learn some of the facts in the case of Lizzie Corcoran. We were permitted to see her for a few moments in jail and found her a small young girl, with a tired, pale face - a child's face, but pleading and pitiful. A very brief interview convinced us that the girl was neither coarse nor hardened. Obeying the well known law of prisoners, no allusion was made to her case, but offers of kindness and sympathy were received with thanks and tears of gratitude. Through her relatives in Lynn, we learned her sad story. At the age of 7 years she was left motherless. At 13 she went out to service, meeting with the usual fortune of a young and ignorant servant in strange families. After a time, she was employed by a family in West Lynn who were connected in a distant way to the girl's step-mother. Here she met http://resources.roo...i?gb=321&action=view Joseph Nicholson , who made her his victim. No one knew or suspected her of wrong doing; her stepmother and friends all testify to the good conduct and quiet manners of the child. When her babe was born she was living in an American family in Lynn, who turned her out of doors at once. "Not content with this", says the informant, "although the babe was born at 3 o'clock in the morning, she was sent out as soon as it was light to order wood and coal, and then told to go home". Sick and miserable, she went to her stepmother and told the story of her disgrace. Although cramped by poverty, she was sheltered and cared for as well as circumstances would permit until the child was 2 weeks old. During that time she appealed to its father to help her; he refused to marry her or give her any pecuniary assistance. A second time she went to him and implored him to give her $2 or $3 that she might have the child christened, and then place it in the home for Little Wanderers. Again he refused, and the heartbroken girl was nearly crazed with guilt. The sad sequel came all too soon. With the child she could not work, and her father's house was more than full. She left home, resolved to place it in the Home, telling her stepmother she would spend the night with her aunt in Boston and come home the next day. Think of it! On a winter afternoon, with her babe of 2 weeks in her arms, the nursing and care she needed were not for her. Alone, sorrowful, disgraced, wretched, sick and miserable, the child started on her pitiable errand. What madness came upon her, whether she again appealed to the man she had loved and trusted, none may tell. No human hand was stretched out to her, no kind voice fell on her ear, no place in all God's world seemed open to her or the little one in her arms. A life of desolation she dared not end by death. The body of the babe was found in the dock, talkative people informed against her, and the desperate, wretched child confessed her guilt. Joseph Nicholson confessed himself to be the child's father, and walked away after paying a fine so small the vilest might pay and sin on; but Lizzie still suffering, must suffer yet more, and be confined in jail to await her trial for murder. A hardened woman might have done the same terrible thing and escaped detection; but her perfect simplicity and ignorance of the law in every respect is also apparent, when she imagined herself powerless and unable to insist on proper support from the father of her child. She only knew the terrible fact of her disgrace, and felt the bitterness of being spurned and scorned by the man she had trusted and loved. One of the most touching features of the case was her persistent efforts to make "Joe" do something for her child. There was no lack of mother love, no attempt to screen herself at his expense, only a child's pitiful pleading for help where help had been promised. All night she wandered about after committing the deed, and all the following day, and the afternoon. In a moment of frenzy the poor girl was guilty of infanticide, while her blood was still fevered by sickness and lack of proper attention. At home, she knew how hard it was for a poor, hard working father to fill the little mouths; abroad was the world, which she, like poor Hetty in 'Adam Bede' "dreaded like scorching fire". Turn where she would, it was all misery and wretchedness, all despair and disgrace. "Dispair", says George Eliot, "no more leans on others than perfect contentment", and Lizzie Corcoran knew the full meaning of despair when she left the home of poverty to find a home for her unwelcome child. In a few weeks she will be tried for murder. Two legal gentlemen have already kindly consented to act as her counsel, and the tone of the public press is highly favorable to the unfortunate girl. Horrible as the crime of infanticide is, cases sometimes occur where the palliating circumstances are strong enough to enlist the sympathy of all thinking people. Had Lizzie Corcoran been the daughter of a rich man she would have been shielded and sheltered from disgrace and crime, but the daughter of a poor laborer, without suitable means of support, without moral training or restraining tenderness, who will venture to call her "fallen", when a life has been such a bitter, hard thing to her who has never had a chance to rise?" (Boston Globe).

Subjects: Births, Boston (MA), Charity, Charlemont (MA), Children, Coal, Courts, Crime, Criminals, Diseases, Economics, Education, Family, Fires, Food, Households, Insanity, Irish, Law and Lawyers, Literature / Web Pages, Masculinity (Machismo), Massachusetts, Murder, Names, Obituaries

Posted by stew - Fri, May 5, 2006

Gazette & Courier - Monday, February 8, 1875
The right kind of a boy

The right kind of a boy - About 50 years ago a youth working on a farm, asked his father to give him money enough to buy a gun . The old man could not spare it. But the boy, nothing daunted, found an old piece of iron about the place, and in the course of time contrived to make a gun barrel out of it, with the very meager facilities afforded by a country blacksmith shop. He had not the materials to make a lock and stock, so he walked to the nearest town and traded for the necessary attachments; and was encouraged by the smith for having so good a http://www.remington...ery/album02/Cowboy01 shooter : this gave him the ambition to make another. So he went to cutting out grindstones from the native rock to raise the money for gun materials, and in a short time there was a considerable demand for guns of his make. During the French war with Prussia, he was called upon to furnish guns for the army, and in less than 8 months he made and delivered to the government of France http://www.remington...ery/album02/ERemAd01 rifles of a particular pattern costing $5,000,000, which amount was duly paid. The same man now furnishes rifles for the United States, South America, Rome, Spain, Egypt and Japan. The farmer’s boy who wanted a gun is Eliphalet Remington of Illion, N.Y. [i.e. http://www.remington...nformation/ilion.asp Ilion, N.Y. ] His http://www.remington...ry/album02/Factory01 manufactory covers 4 acres of ground, and he http://www.remington...um02/ERemFactory1854 employs 1200 men. Not satisfied with this achievement, he has recently completed a http://www.remington...ery/album02/ERemAd02 sewing machine which is reported to be quite a success. This is the type of a boy who, when there is not a way, makes one for himself.

Subjects: Business Enterprises, Businesspeople, Economics, Farmers & Farming / Flowers, French, Germans, Government, Households, Inventions, Italians, Japanese, Latin America, Lost and Found, Rich People, Vendors and Purchasers, War / Weaponry, Work, Arabs, Europe

Posted by stew - Tue, May 2, 2006

Gazette & Courier - Monday, February 1, 1875
Measurement of ancient cities

Measurement of ancient cities - Ninevah was 14 miles long, 8 miles wide and 46 miles around, with a wall 100 ft. high, and thick enough for 3 http://www.mcdonald....c/issue1/nineveh.htm chariots abreast. Babylon was 50 miles within the walls, which were 75 feet thick and 100 ft. high, with 100 brazen http://www.cs.cornel...n/pages/page_23.html gates . The Temple Diana at Ephesus was 420 ft. to the support of the roof; it was 100 years in building. The largest of the pyramids was 481 ft. in height, and 853 ft. on the sides. The base covered 11 acres. the stones are about 60 ft. in length, and the layers are 208. It employed 350,000 men in building. The labyrinth of Egypt contains 300 chambers and 12 halls. Thebes , in Egypt, presents ruins 27 miles around, and contained 250,000 citizens and 100,000 slaves. The Temple of Delphos [also seen as the http://history.boise...civ/persian/13.shtml Temple of Delphi ] was so rich in donations that it was plundered of $50,000,000 and the Emperor Nero carried away from it 200 statues. The walls of Rome were 13 miles around.

Subjects: Archaeology, Crime, Criminals, Curiosities and Wonders, History, Italians, Rich People, Robbers and Outlaws, Royalty, Statues, Transportation, Urbanization / Cities, Work, Arabs, Europe, Architecture / Construction

Posted by stew - Tue, May 2, 2006

Gazette & Courier - Monday, February 1, 1875
Extraordinary case of religious fanaticism

Extraordinary case of religious fanaticism - Crissy Hacker, an intelligent and beautiful young lady living at Whites Valley, 16 miles west of http://query.nytimes...vel&pagewanted=print Honesdale, Penn. , deliberately burned herself to death on the 14th, while under the influence of extraordinary religious fanaticism. She was the daughter of William Hacker, a wealthy and prominent farmer of the county. For some 5 or 6 years past she has at times been subject to temporary insanity, during which she imagined that she committed sins against http://www.informedc.../200_300/dev_208.htm "her Immanuel" which could only be absolved by making of burning offerings. While laboring under this mental hallucination, she would erect altars in the fields of her father's farm, and http://www.anthropoe...ap0902/sacrifice.htm sacrifice lambs to appease the wrath of her offended deity, and also burned clothing and household articles of different kinds. Her father, a widower, fearing that she might, during one of these intervals, do herself bodily harm, kept a strict watch on her movements. Yesterday Mr. Hacker had occasion to go to a neighboring village, and, as his daughter manifested signs of the recurrence of one of her insane intervals, he charged his hired man to watch her during his absence. At noon the man went to his dinner, leaving the young lady in the kitchen reading the Bible. For some reason he did not return to the house until Mr. Hacker came back, which was about 2 o'clock. When the later entered his kitchen he was paralyzed with horror at the sight that confronted him. On the coals and ashes of what had evidently been one of Miss Hacker's altars, lay the body of his daughter, literally burned to a crisp. The face was the only part not burned. Notwithstanding the intense agony she must have endured, her features were not distorted in the least, but wore an expression calm and peaceful, her lips being parted in a smile, as if she died believing that through that fiery ordeal she was to pass into a joyful eternity. It appears that while the hired man was absent, Miss Hacker had formed out of a set of quilting frames a pyre or altar. On this she had spread some carpet, and made herself a pillow. When found she lay on her right side, with her cheek resting on her hand. Everything seemed to indicate that this was the position she had taken at first, and from which she had not moved. At one side of the altar she had piled up a quantity of combustible wood, and when all was in readiness had fired it, from which the flames soon spread and enveloped the altar. In the family Bible, which was found open at the Book of Job, the following note was found in the handwriting of the deceased: Dear Father: My Immanuel appeared to me today. He reveals to me the fact that I have committed the unpardonable sin, which I can only obtain forgiveness for by passing through the cleansing of fire. I will intercede for you, my dear father. You will find my purified body in the northeast corner of the house. I wish to have my ashes buried in my Immanuel's ground, at the northeast corner of the house. Crissy. Mr. Hacker went to the corner of the house indicated in the note as the spot where the remains were to be buried, and found that his daughter had staked out that place for her grave. Martin Prentiss, Esq. summoned a jury and held an inquest on the remains. A verdict in accordance with the above facts was rendered.

Subjects: Animals / Reptiles, Cemeteries, Courts, Crime, Curiosities and Wonders, Family, Farmers & Farming / Flowers, Fires, Food, Households, Insanity, Law and Lawyers, Literature / Web Pages, Obituaries, Religion, Rich People, Suicide, Trees, Widows and Widowers, Women, Work, Clothing

Posted by stew - Sun, Apr 30, 2006

Gazette & Courier - Monday, February 1, 1875
The late Congressman Crocker's estate has been admitted to probate...real, $395,925; personal, $403,125. Charles B. Crocker is the administrator.

The late Congressman Crocker’s estate has been admitted to probate...real, $395,925; personal, $403,125. Charles B. Crocker is the administrator.

Subjects: Government, Montague (MA), Obituaries, Rich People, Turners Falls (MA)

Posted by stew - Sat, Apr 29, 2006

Gazette & Courier - Monday, February 1, 1875
The Farmer's Institute at Worcester

The Farmer’s Institute at Worcester - The 2 day session of the New England Farmer’s Institute opened at Worcester Tues. and was very largely attended. Col. Daniel Needham of Groton presided, and made a telling speech comparing New England with the West, and claiming that the advantages lie largely with the Eastern farmer. He paid his especial respects to the religious press of the country that advertised worthless railroad bonds of the West, and caused a loss of over $100,000,000 to the farmers of the East. A Minnesota farmer present warmly combatted Col. Needham, and said that when you find one piano in an Eastern farmhouse, you will find two at the West...speech on the description of the caterpiller and its habits...

Subjects: Crime, Economics, Education, Farmers & Farming / Flowers, Households, Insects, Literature / Web Pages, Music, New England, Religion, Rich People, Trains

Posted by stew - Sat, Apr 29, 2006

Gazette & Courier - Monday, February 1, 1875
http://www.holyokema.../cems/sf/sf-073.html Lucy Lyman [also seen as Lucy Parsons Lyman], widow of the late http://members.frys....g0000025.html#I21953 Asahel Lyman , Esq., of Smith's Ferry, Northampton, died at the residence of her daughter, Mrs. J.P. Williston, on King Street, Northampton, Sun. night, 24th, after an illness of about one week, of pneumonia. She was the oldest person in town, her age being 92 years. She was the daughter of http://www.memoriall...0/Conway%20Twp/b.htm Joel Parsons of Conway and was married to Mr. Lyman in October 1804. They commenced housekeeping at Smith's Ferry, in the house then kept as a tavern, and which had been kept as such for more than 150 years. They continued to keep a public house until the construction of the Connecticut River Railroad, which destroyed much of the travel by teams between Hartford, Springfield and other places below, and Northampton and other upriver towns. Asahel Lyman was the son of Elias Lyman, whose father Elias was the son of John Lyman, who was born at Smith's Ferry , and died in 1740, aged 80. http://www.holyokema.../cems/sf/sf-076.html Elias died in 1816, aged 74. Asahel died March 5, 1864, age [?]. All these 4 generations kept the tavern at Smith's Ferry. Mrs. Lyman, the late deceased, lived there until the death of her husband, when she came to live with her only daughter [ http://members.frys....g0000024.html#I21952 Cecilia Lyman Williston ], the wife of Dea. J. Payson Williston [ http://members.frys....g0000003.html#I21851 John Payson Williston ], where she has since resided. She was competent to manage her business affairs up to her last sickness. She gave liberally to benevolent purposes, and was possessed of a handsome estate left to her by her husband.

Subjects: Bars (Drinking establishments), Business Enterprises, Charity, Charlemont (MA), Conway (MA), Connecticut, Diseases, Economics, Family, Hampshire / Hampden Counties, History, Horses, Hotels, Households, Marriage and Elopement, Obituaries, Old Age, Rich People, Roads, Trains, Transportation, Widows and Widowers, Women, Work

Posted by stew - Fri, Apr 28, 2006

Gazette & Courier - Monday, February 1, 1875
Clyde, Milton A., age 59, of the firm of Dillon, Clyde & Co., died in Springfield on Jan. 24. [From a website: His greatest work wa

Clyde, Milton A., age 59, of the firm of http://www.nycsubway.../subwaysouvenir.html Dillon, Clyde & Co. , died in Springfield on Jan. 24. [From a website: His greatest work was the tunneling and building of the famous underground railroad in New York City for the New York & New Haven Railroad, from the Grand Central Depot to the northern end of Manhattan Island].

Subjects: Business Enterprises, Businesspeople, Hampshire / Hampden Counties, Obituaries, Rich People, Trains, Transportation, Work, Architecture / Construction

Posted by stew - Sat, Apr 22, 2006

Gazette & Courier - Monday, February 1, 1875
Married in St. Louis, Mo. Jan. 21, Joseph G. [?]ll, to Lillie Thompson, second daughter of Hugh M. Thompson, formerly of Greenfield, all of St. Louis. A large company, composed of the friends of both

Married in St. Louis, Mo. Jan. 21, Joseph G. [?]ll, to Lillie Thompson, second daughter of Hugh M. Thompson, formerly of Greenfield, all of St. Louis. A large company, composed of the friends of both the contracting parties, was present, and a most pleasant evening was passed, the happy couple receiving the hearty congratulations of all present. Among the presents to the bride were a beautiful silver water [?] from the Missouri River Packet Company .

Subjects: Business Enterprises, Charlemont (MA), Emigration and Immigration, Family, Greenfield (MA), Marriage and Elopement, Rich People, Rivers / Lakes / Oceans

Posted by stew - Sat, Apr 22, 2006

Gazette & Courier - Monday, February 1, 1875
(New Salem) The question discused at the Lyceum on Mon. eve. was: Resolved, that poverty develops character more than wealth, decided in the affirmative. The 'Student's OFfering' was read by C.W.

(New Salem) The question discused at the Lyceum on Mon. eve. was: Resolved, that poverty develops character more than wealth, decided in the affirmative. The ’Student’s OFfering’ was read by C.W. Whittaker. Other entertainments consisted of reading, speaking and singing. It was decided to have a moot court in 2 weeks. A.M. Haskins, W.H. Ballard and W.E. Sibley were appointed a committee to arrange for the same. The officers chosen were E.F. Stowell, President; Maria Chamberlain, Vice President; Fannie Root, Secretary. Question for discussion at the next meeting: Resolved, that women show a better disposition for revenge than men.

Subjects: Amusements, Clubs, Courts, Education, Literature / Web Pages, Music, New Salem (MA), Poor, Rich People, Women

Posted by stew - Fri, Apr 21, 2006

Gazette & Courier - Monday, February 1, 1875
(Shelburne Falls) Thomas E. Warren, a well known citizen of this village, died Wed. aft. He was about 67 years old. He had a g

(Shelburne Falls) http://www.brendlers...s/patents/106099.htm Thomas E. Warren , a well known citizen of this village, died Wed. aft. He was about 67 years old. He had a great inventive genius and secured some valuable patents. He has at different times in his life been largely engaged in business and worth considerable property. His funeral occurred on Sat.

Subjects: Businesspeople, Inventions, Mourning Customs, Obituaries, Rich People, Shelburne and Shelburne Falls (MA)

Posted by stew - Mon, Mar 6, 2006

Gazette & Courier - Monday, February 1, 1875
(Greenfield) Mrs. John C. Newton, accompanied by her 3 young children and her friend, Miss Whitaker, have left Holyoke for California, for

(Greenfield) Mrs. John C. Newton , accompanied by her 3 young children and her friend, Miss Whitaker, have left Holyoke for California, for a 3 months' stay. Mr. Newton, who is now in San Francisco, with much improved health, will meet his family at Sacramento.

Subjects: Businesspeople, Children, Diseases, Family, Greenfield (MA), Hampshire / Hampden Counties, Rich People, Vacations, Women

Posted by stew - Sun, Mar 5, 2006

Gazette & Courier - Monday, February 1, 1875
Death of the $25,000 cow

Death of the $25,000 cow - The Paris Kentuckian of Jan. 20 says: "On Sat. last the 4th, Duchess of Oneida died at o Hon. T.J. Megibben's [also seen as Thomas J. Megibben]. She was purchased by Megibbens & Bedford Oct. 1873 at Campbell's New York Mills side for $25,000. She leaves a bull calf 3 months old, by Fourteenth Duke of Thorndale, said to be one of the finest Dukes in the country. There as of course no insurance on her. Thurs. the $25,000 heifer has met the same fate as the $45,450 cow. Mr. E.G. Bedford has been particularly unfortunate having heretofore lost 2 costly bulls.

Subjects: Animals / Reptiles, Business Enterprises, Businesspeople, Economics, Luck, Obituaries, Rich People, Royalty, Vendors and Purchasers

Posted by stew - Sat, Mar 4, 2006

Gazette & Courier - Monday, February 1, 1875
Mrs. Kate E. Clark, recently a seamstress in the family of Senator Stewart [Senator Mrs. Kate E. Clark, recently a seamstress in the family of http://www.theunion....AYSFEATURE/108210086 Senator Stewart [Senator William Morris Stewart of Nevada] at Washington, was arrested at Baltimore on Mon. last, charged with the robbery of Mrs. Stewart on Sat. of bonds, diamonds, laces, etc., valued at $6500. The stolen property was recovered and with the accused sent to Washington in custody. Two trunks were also secured, containing between $10,000 and $12,000 worth of plate, laces, velvet and other valuables.

Subjects: Crime, Criminals, Economics, Family, Government, Households, Police, Rich People, Robbers and Outlaws, Stewarts, Women, Work, Jewelry / Gold / Silver / Treasure

Posted by stew - Sat, Mar 4, 2006

Gazette & Courier - Monday, February 1, 1875 Jim Fisk 's estate bankrupt - The account of Mrs. Lucy D. Fisk [also seen as Lucy Moore Fisk ] as executrix of the estate of the late James Fisk Jr. , has been presented to Willard Bartlett, the auditor appointed by the surrogate, to examine all vouchers and accounts showing the disposition of the property. The statement submitted by Mr. Fisk shows an apparent deficiency of $478,500.85. That is to say if certain suits result adversely, as the Mansfield suit did a few days ago, the estate will be $178,500.85 worse than nothing. The inventory of the property was made by appraisers, and its value determined at round numbers $1,000,000. The lawyers' fees, losses on stocks and claims presented and allowed have amounted to $500,000 - just one half of the appraised value of the estate. Besides these claims have been presented and are in suit, which if allowed, would bankrupt the estate. An examination of the bills paid by Mrs. Fisk, reveals the fact that nearly all ordinary legitimate claims against Col. Fisk have been settled, and those remaining are for unsettled stock transactions, which there is no doubt must ultimately be compromised. The watch and jewelry of Fisk are valued at $5000. Among other items paid by Mrs. Fisk as executrix of the estate, are $35,000 for legal expenses. Among the claims presented for services previous to Fisk's death, and paid by the executrix, appear these items: http://www.cooperati...ebrown_shearman.html Field & Shearman , $20,000, William A. Beach , $2500; William A. Beach, $4750. The legacies paid under the will are stated as follows: James Fisk, Sr., for himself and wife, $4500 and $3000 a year; Rosie C. Morse and Minnie F. Morse, $4000 and $2000 a year until marriage; Mary G. Hooker, $4116; Mary G. Hooker, $9000, and she receives the proceeds of the http://www.bookrags....ames-fisk/index.html Narragansett Steamship company stock, the par value of which is $100,000.

Subjects: Business Enterprises, Businesspeople, Charlemont (MA), Children, Courts, Economics, Family, Law and Lawyers, Literature / Web Pages, Marriage and Elopement, Mourning Customs, Murder, Obituaries, Rich People, Scandals, Transportation, Women, Jewelry / Gold / Silver / Treasure

Posted by stew - Sat, Feb 25, 2006

Gazette & Courier - Monday, January 25, 1875
Dedication of Erving's new town hall

Dedication of http://www.northquab.../index_page0005.html Erving 's new town hall - Friday was an important day in the quiet little town of Erving . The morning was a stormy one, rain and snow alternating, and the afternoon came off clear, in time for the parade to assemble for the dedication of the new http://www.franklinc...rving/everts/08.html Town Hall . Whatever may have been the opinion of the citizens of the town to the necessity or practicability of building the Hall, they are now all united in their admiration of the beautiful structure, which in the past few months has been erected in the heart of the village. Several town meetings were held in the spring before an appropriation was carried for the new building; and it was then decided by a very close vote. The first appropriation was $12,000, but at a subsequent meeting $2500 was added, to permit certain changes from the original plan and for furnishing the hall. The following gentlemen were selected as a building committee: E.H. Spring, http://www.franklinc...rving/everts/03.html Charles A. Eddy , http://www.franklinc...rving/everts/12.html M.F.B. Howe , L.L. Perry, W.F. Hanson. The land for the new building was purchased of Danforth Putnam of Orange for $1000. L.L. Perry of Erving was the architect, furnishing all the plans and specifications, and the beautifully proportioned building and its convenient arrangement attest to his good taste and skill. The foundations were put in by Morse and Ward of Orange. The contract for the building was let to George O. Peabody of Turners Falls, who has constructed several of the manfacturing establishments and large buildings of that place. The superintendence of this work was left to his foreman, Chester N. Tyler, and so faithfully has the contract been carried out, that at no time during the construction have the building committee had occasion to complain of any slight in the work. The best material has been used, and the building is a model of thoroughness in every part. Mr. Peabody's original contract was for putting up the building and finishing off the hall for $8400. He was afterwards given $4300 more to finish off two stores in the first story. The building is 50 x 70 ft. outside, two stories high with a French roof. The basement is finished with two rooms that are suitable for a market in the grocery business, and here too has been built a fireproof lockup for the accommodations of rogues or tramps. The first floor above is divided by two stores, 24 x 50, and connected with each is a back room, 29 ft. deep. The Hall is on the second floor, taking in with the gallery the full length and breadth of the building, and measuring 20 ft. in height. The floor is of southern Pine, the woodwork is painted a neat drab, while the walls and ceilings are beautifully frescoed. The stage or platform is made so that it may be extended or contracted. The hall will seat when filled, 500 to 600 persons. It is furnished with Morse's patent [?] manufactured at Athol, and a great improvement to those formerly in use. There are inside blinds to the windows, and a chandelier of 12 lights is suspended in the center of the room. There is nothing about the Hall but what has been dictated with the best of taste. The painting deserves special notice. It was done by the Bartlett Bros. of Turners Falls who employed Germans from Springfield to do the frescoing. There are two anterooms under the gallery. The upper part of the building, well lighted by the French roof, is unfinished. It is proposed someday to fit it up for a Masonic Hall. The brick work of the building was done by Campbell and Hazleton of Turners Falls, and the plastering by R.B.P. Wheeler of Orange. The building is painted a plain white outside, and was slated by a Mr. Johnson of Fitchburg. Mr. Peabody commenced his contract the 11th of July and finished it by the 1st of January, within the prescribed time, and what is more remarkable, within the appropriation, so that the committee find now in their hands an unexpended balance. It shows an honest stewardship on their part and corresponding uprightness in the builder. The building is certainly one in which Erving may take pride; for a better one for the purpose to which it is to be devoted cannot be found in the county, and it will meet a want that has been long felt. The ceremonies of the presentation were presided over by http://www.franklinc...rving/everts/03.html Noah Rankin , and were opened by prayer by Rev. A. Stowell of Erving. Next came a song by a quartette of gentlemen from Orange: A.J. Fisher, William P. Barker, A. Kendall and H.A. Leisure, while Walter Stone of Erving accompanied them on an organ. The singing was exceedingly good, and a very pleasant feature of the programme. The orator of the occasion, George W. Horr, Esq. of Athol, was now introduced to the audience. He announced the theme of his address to be "Towns of Massachusetts: their history in colonial times and under the Constitution of the State and the nation; their influence in shaping, moulding [sic], and perfecting a democratic form of government". He compared the towns organized by the early settlers with those of other countries where they are merely collections of houses with no power for self government. Here each [?] the primary organization was an independent municipality. Counties were here formed long after the towns were organized. He looked upon the instrument signed in the cabin of the Mayflower as the foundation from which was derived the system of State and National governance. The town of Erving cast a vote of 49 to [?] when it elected in 1832 Hon. Whiting Griswold a delegate to the constitutional convention. Erving was originally [?] or plantation, and was purchased in 1751 [?] by http://www.northquab.../index_page0005.html John Erving Esq. of Boston. [?} http://www.franklinc...rving/everts/03.html Asaph White , a prominent and wealthy man of his day [first settler in 1801]. From the record of 18[?], it appears that the total tax for town expenses was $34, and that Col. White, the heaviest tax payer, paid $4.54. The town now has a surplus fund of $900, {?] which is used for school purposes. The speaker [?] unqualified term...commendation...Greene's orchestra from Fitchburg...A letter was read from [?], the only survivor of the first of our town. She lives in the family of Deacon S.W. Dutton of Northfield, who married her...she recalled that when she came to Erving Grant 74 years ago there was no neighbor within two miles. Austin DeWolf Esq. of Greenfield was the next speaker. He had been trying out a road on Bear Mountain, and didn't know why they should call upon him, unless they were carrying out...Mr. DeWolf is the owner of extensive... Erving . He had had occasion look over the early records and maps of the township. He found that the Grant contained [?] lots of land...R.N. Oakman Esq. of Montague...H.C. Tenney of Orange...congratulations...Dr. Roswell Field of Gill... http://www.franklinc...rving/everts/08.html blessing ...

Subjects: Animals / Reptiles, Athol (MA), Boston (MA), Business Enterprises, Clubs, Criminals, Economics, Education, Elections, Emigration and Immigration, Family, Fires, Food, Freemasonry, French, Furniture, Germans, Gill (MA), Glass / Windows, Government, Greenfield (MA), Hampshire / Hampden Counties, History, Households, Inventions, Law and Lawyers, Light, Literature / Web Pages, Marriage and Elopement, Massachusetts, Montague (MA), Music, Names, Northfield (MA), Orange (MA), Politics, Prisons, Religion, Rich People, Roads, Stores, Retail, Suffrage, Tramps, Transportation, Trees, Turners Falls (MA), Urbanization / Cities, Vendors and Purchasers, Work, Architecture / Construction

Posted by stew - Wed, Feb 22, 2006

Gazette & Courier - Monday, January 25, 1875
Connecticut River Railroad

http://spg.nashuacit...ilroad/connriver.htm Connecticut River Railroad - The annual meeting of the stockholders of the Railroad was held in Springfield on Wed. In the absence of Mr. Hunt [ http://www.historic-...213/543/7/923425847/ Seth Hunt ] of Northampton, who was attending the funeral of a friend, the duties of clerk were performed by L.M. Spellman of Boston. A letter from http://www.answers.c...rles-sprague-sargent Ignatius Sargent of Boston, resigning his position on the board of directors, was received and placed on file. From his letter it appears that Mr. Sargent has served 25 years on the board, and every effort connected with the road when he was elected to the position in 1850, is now dead. The stock in the road which he purchased over a quarter of a century ago for $32 per share, has recently been sold for $140. In closing his letter Mr. Sargent expressed the hope that other members of the board, after a due time of service, would follow his example in resigning to make way for younger men. The stockholders elected the old board of directors as follows, with the exception of Charles S. Sargent, who succeeds to his father's position: Daniel L. Harris of Springfield, http://www.ironhorse...SpringfieldsFour.htm Chester W. Chapin of Springfield, Charles S. Sargent [ Charles Sprague Sargent ] of Boston, L.M. Spelman [also seen as Spellman] of Boston, Edward A. Dana [also seen as Edward Dana ] of Boston, Roland Mather of Hartford, Ct., Oscar Edwards of Northampton, William B. Washburn of Greenfield, and S.M. Wait of Brattleboro, Vt.

Subjects: Boston (MA), Business Enterprises, Businesspeople, Connecticut, Connecticut River, Economics, Elections, Family, Greenfield (MA), Hampshire / Hampden Counties, Literature / Web Pages, Mourning Customs, Rich People, Rivers / Lakes / Oceans, Sales, Trains, Vendors and Purchasers, Vermont

Posted by stew - Wed, Feb 8, 2006

Gazette & Courier - Monday, January 18, 1875
One of our ignorant rich men, many years ago refused to contribute in aid of the observatory in Cambridge, because the astronomers there would be discovering more stars, when there was no use for hal

One of our ignorant rich men, many years ago refused to contribute in aid of the observatory in Cambridge, because the astronomers there would be discovering more stars, when there was no use for half the stars already known (Boston Evening Transcript).

Subjects: Astronomy, Boston (MA), Literature / Web Pages, Rich People, Science

Posted by stew - Sun, Feb 5, 2006

Gazette & Courier - Monday, January 18, 1875
Bank officers elected

Bank officers elected - [long article].

Subjects: Business Enterprises, Economics, Elections, Rich People

Posted by stew - Sun, Feb 5, 2006

Gazette & Courier - Monday, January 18, 1875
(Shutesbury) The death of Mrs. Alice Southwick, relict of the late Amasa Southwick of Uxbridge, Mass., who died in Shut

(Shutesbury) The death of Mrs. Alice Southwick, relict of the late http://freepages.gen...htonfamily/p1285.htm Amasa Southwick of Uxbridge, Mass., who died in Shutebury in November last at the age of nearly 94, and the oldest inhabitant then in Shutesbury, deserves more than an obituary notice. She was the daughter of http://home.earthlin...oggeshall_family.htm Peter Chase of Portsmouth, on Newport Island (now Newport), who died 90 years ago when she was but 4 years old. Her mother was Hepzibah Mitchel [also seen as Hepsibah Mitchell. Thomas Chase , William Chase, and Aquilla Chase [also seen as Aquila Chase], or the generation before Peter, came from the same town in England [Hundrick], and are said to be heirs of a real estate property in London, of about $100,000, besides a large amount of other property under trustees. The Chase heirs in this country, mainly in Maine, are conducting an investigation of the case, assisted by Mrs. Alice Reid of Sh[?]esville, grand niece of Mrs. Southwick and wife of one of the overseers at the Auburn, N.Y. Prison. Mrs. S. had 6 children, 3 of whom are living. She lived with her son http://freepages.gen.../pelham_ma_marr2.htm Gilbert Southwick during her last years. She was born and raised a devoted Quakeress, both ancestral and her adopted names were prominent in the Society of Friends. She retained to the last, a trust in, and reverence for that faith and connection, though latterly she had read with interest writings of spiritists. She was emphatic in her approval of whoever was good and worthy...she sought for truth, honored virtue and piety, and conversed with a cleverness and intelligence remarkable for one of her age. Her circumstances in early life were good, and her connections and associations high. Her culture and education were not inferior. She remembered and sighed for the peculiar pleasure of Quaker society as in her youthful days, and endured [?] the transfer from her native place, and the loss of her early churchly associates. She longed to depart, and was always ready to converse on matters of experience and morality. We could but think well of her, and the order of religionists that have nearly disappeared from New England. The old http://www.connectic...oquet_settlement.htm Quaker Meeting House in Pomfret, Ct., has long been dilapidated. The once large and wealthy congregation at Woolfborough N.H. [i.e. Wolfborough N.H.] has but one or two families to represent it. The honored dead are there, but this generation knows not the Faith.

Subjects: Connecticut, Economics, Education, Emigration and Immigration, English (and England), Family, Names, New Hampshire, Obituaries, Old Age, Police, Prisons, Religion, Rich People, Shutesbury (MA), Spiritualism, Widows and Widowers, Women

Posted by stew - Sat, Feb 4, 2006

Gazette & Courier - Monday, January 18, 1875
(Turners Falls) The Crocker National Bank, the Montague Paper Company, the Turners Falls Pulp company, and the Turners Falls Water Power company held elections Tues., to fill vacancies caused by the

(Turners Falls) The Crocker National Bank, the Montague Paper Company, the Turners Falls Pulp company, and the Turners Falls Water Power company held elections Tues., to fill vacancies caused by the death of Alvah W. Crocker, who was interested in nearly all of the Turners Falls business enterprises. The meetings were held in the elegant apartments in the Farren House, fitted up by the various companies for Mr. Crocker's private use, and each company was largely represented. In the three manufacturing companies as well as the bank, http://www.gutenberg.../14689-h/14689-h.htm Mr. Crocker held the position of President and Director, and his place in the Montague Paper company was filled by the election of B.N. Farren as President and http://www.fitchburg...itchburgairhist.html Charles T. Crocker of Fitchburg, son of Alvah Crocker, Director; the Turners Falls Pulp Company elected http://members.tripo...nplayers/history.htm Charles T. Crocker President and Director, while the Turners Falls Water Power company elected B.N. Farren President, and http://museumresearc...exhibit1/e13607a.htm C.T. Crocker , Director. The annual meetings of these companies will not occur until May.

Subjects: Business Enterprises, Businesspeople, Charlemont (MA), Economics, Elections, Family, Hotels, Montague (MA), Natural Resources, Obituaries, Rich People, Trees, Turners Falls (MA)

Posted by stew - Mon, Jan 30, 2006

Gazette & Courier - Monday, January 18, 1875
The report of the Hoosac tunnel corporators [long article].

The report of the Hoosac tunnel corporators [long article].

Subjects: Hoosac Tunnel (MA), Rich People, Trains

Posted by stew - Wed, Jan 25, 2006

Gazette & Courier - Monday, January 11, 1875
Merry Christmas

Merry Christmas - A good place to be at was the Christmas Party given by Mr. and Mrs. http://archiver.root...L/2003-02/1045025095 Franklin Pease of Conway, "Poland" district, on Christmas Eve. Over 60 invitations were given out, and every invitation responded to. Ashfield and Conway were well represented, and several other towns sent delegations. A large Christmas tree was erected, and loaded with presents till it resembled a drooping willow. It seemed that that alone would be enjoyment enough for the eve., but a very pleasant and agreeable surprise awaited us. At precisely half past 7, an unusual movement towards the parlor indicated that something that was not laid down in the programme was going on. Mounting a friendly staircase next by, and peering over the heads of a dense crowd, we beheld a young gentleman attending, with a fair young lady by his side. Just at that moment the Rev. James Dingwell, who for some unexplained reason happened to be present, arose and after a few concise and appropriate remarks, pronounced the above gentleman and lady "husband and wife". Much promiscuous kissing soon followed, and after that a bountiful supper, gotten up in Mrs. Pease's very best style. Then http://archiver.root...L/2003-02/1045025020 Chelsea Cook Esq. of Conway, and Silas Blake of Ashfield, were elected to relieve the overburdened Christmas tree of its fruit. Mr. Cook was in his happiest mood, and for an hour distributed presents with a liberal hand, while he entertained the company with his witty remarks and quaint speeches. The presents were very well selected and some of them costly. The newly made bride and groom were especially favored, their presents ranging all the way from a ready made mop, to costly silver ware. Mrs. Pease received a silver cup and plate, a nice folding chair, and other things too numerous to mention, as the auction bills say. The wedding part fo the evening's entertainment was a complete surprise to most of those present, nearest neighbors not even surmising it. For further particulars of this interesting and agreeable surprise, see married column. Besides a generous fee, Mr. Dingwell received a handsome Christmas present of greenbacks for which he wishes to say "thanks" to the company, and the company wish to say the same to Mr. and Mrs. Pease - who never do things at halves - for their generous entertainment on this joyful and enjoyable occasion.

Subjects: Amusements, Ashfield (MA), Conway (MA), Cutlery, Economics, Food, Furniture, Holidays, Households, Jokes, Literature / Web Pages, Marriage and Elopement, Parties, Polish, Pottery / Crockery, Religion, Rich People, Trees, Vendors and Purchasers, Women, Work

Posted by stew - Sun, Jan 15, 2006

Gazette & Courier - Monday, January 11, 1875
The Shah’s jewels

The http://www.worldisro.../73022/photo780.html Shah’s jewels - The shah’s strongbox consists of a small room 20 x 14 ft., reached by a steep stair, and entered through a very small door. Here, spread upon carpets, his http://www.worldisro...s/73022/photo27.html jewels , valued at 7,000,000 pounds. Chief among the lot is the Kalanian Crown, shaped like a flower pot, and topped by a uncut http://www.geocities...e/1406/jewel/19.html ruby as large as a http://www.geocities...e/1406/jewel/20.html hen’s egg , and supposed to have come from Siam.

Near the http://www.worldisro...73022/photo1299.html crown are two lamb skin caps, adorned with splendid http://www.geocities...e/1406/jewel/10.html aigrettes of http://www.worldisro...s/73022/photo29.html diamonds , and before them lie trays of http://www.worldisro...73022/photo1294.html pearl , ruby, and http://www.worldisro...s/73022/photo26.html emerald , http://www.geocities...e/1406/jewel/14.html necklaces , and hundreds of rings.

Mr. Eastwick, who examined the whole, states that in addition to these there are gauntlets and http://www.geocities...e/1406/jewel/11.html belts covered with pearls and diamonds , and conspicuous among them the Kalanian belt, almost a foot deep, weighing, perhaps, 18 lbs., and one complete mass of pearls, diamonds , emeralds and rubies. One or two http://www.worldisro...s/73022/photo72.html scabbards of swords are said to be worth a quarter of a million each.

There is also the finest http://www.geocities...e/1406/jewel/82.html turquoise in the world, 3 or 4 inches long, and without a flaw; and "I’ remarked a smaller one of unique beauty, 3/8 of an inch broad; the color was lovely, and almost as refreshing to the eyes as Persian poets pretend. There are also many http://www.geocities...e/1406/jewel/66.html sapphires as big as marbles, and http://www.geocities...e/1406/jewel/16.html rubies and pearls the size of nuts, and I am certain that I counted nearly 100 emeralds from half an inch square to 1 3/4 inches long, and an inch broad. In the sword scabbard, which is covered with diamonds , there is not, perhaps, a single stone smaller than the nail of a man’s little finger.

Lastly, there is an emerald as big as a walnut, covered with the names of the http://www.worldisro...73022/photo1634.html kings who have possessed it. The ancient Persians prized the emerald above all gems, and particularly those from Egypt. Their goblets decorated with these stones, were copied by the Romans. The Shah also possesses a pearl worth 50,000 pounds. But the most attractive of all the Persian stones is the turquoise, which is inlaid by the native lapidaries with designs and inscriptions with great effect and expertise. The best come from Nish[?]r in http://www.gardenvis...ultaniehtotehran.htm Khorassan , whose mines ornamented the gold armor of the Persians, so much admired by the Greeks.

Chardin records that in the treasury at Ipsahan [probably http://www.jewishenc...p?artid=292&letter=I Ispahan ] he saw "in each chamber the stones in the rough piled high on the floor like heaps of grain, filling innumerable leather bags". As with the King of Burmah [i.e. King of Burma] and the rubies, the turquoises of Persia are always first inspected by the Shah. They are divided into two classes, according to the position in which they are found. The first, called sengui, or stony, are incrusted in the matrix, and have to be removed by means of a hammer; the second are taken from the alluvial deposits, and though larger are of less value than the former, which are of a deep blue color. Although the lord of Lords contented himself with taking the least valuable gems of his incomparable collection on his recent tour in the West, he carried no less than 200 talismans, which, while they may be poor in appearance, possess limitless value in the eyes of Persians.

Among others, there was a fine pointed star, supposed to be worn by Rooston, and believed to have the power of making conspirators at once confess their crimes. Around his neck the Shah wore a http://www.oldandsol...cious-stones-1.shtml cube of amber , reported to have fallen from heaven in the time of Mahomet, and to confer on its owners invulnerability. Most precious of all, however, was a little casket of gold studded with emeralds, and said to have the remarkable property of rendering the royal wearer invisible so long as he remains celibate.

Subjects: Archaeology, Astronomy, Birds, Criminals, Economics, Eye, Farmers & Farming / Flowers, Food, Italians, Literature / Web Pages, Luck, Magic and Magicians, Mines and Mineral Resources, Names, Poetry, Rich People, Royalty, Toys, War / Weaponry, Work, Superstition, Arabs, Europe, Jewelry / Gold / Silver / Treasure

Posted by stew - Sun, Jan 15, 2006

Gazette & Courier - Monday, January 11, 1875
Advice to middle aged women

Advice to middle aged women - Now that the fires are beginning to burn on library and parlor hearths in the evenings, and the curtains to be drawn close, and the most devout lover of nature gives up the stroll in shady lanes, or the row on the moon lit river, and comes indoors for the winter, it is worth while to consider what is to be done in doors. The work is ready for anybody who chooses to do it, but the relaxation, the rest, the stimulant, which is to fit us for the work - what is that to be? For fashionable classes, this matter of amusement is ruled in almost as inflexible grooves as drudgery for the poor; for men and young people too, it adjusts itself naturally. The father of a family has his clubs, his share in the political or church meetings, or at least his quiet newspaper, cigar and slippers at home - precisely the reaction he needs after the friction of the busy day. The boys and girls have their concerts, their lectures, the thousand devices of "sociables", "accidentals", etc., by which they contrive to flock together, to chirp like young birds in May, and perhaps to mate like them. But the wives and mothers, the great aggregate of women, no longer young - what is to be their tonic? They certainly need a tonic. The American mother of a family is the real maid of all work in it, and the more faithful and intelligent she is, the more she usually tries to deserve the name. She may work with her hands or not (in the large majority of cases she does work with her hands), but it is she who, in any case, oversees and gives life to a dozen different interests. Her husband's business, the boys' education, the girls' standing in society, the baby's teething, the sewing and housework for them all, are all processes which she urges on and which rasp and fret daily and hourly on her brain - a very dull, unskilled brain, too often, but always quite willing to wear itself out for those she loves. Whether it would be nobler or more politic for her to shirk this work - husband, babies, and house - and develop her latent talents as physician, artist, or saleswoman, is not the question with us just now. A few women have done this. In the cities, too, money can remove much of the responsibiliy from a mistress of the household; but the great aggregate of wives and mothers in this country are domestic women who ask nothing better of fate than that whatever strength they have of body and soul, shall be drained for their husbands and children. Now this spirit of martyrdom is a very good thing - when it is necessary. For our part we can see no necessity for it here. We are told that women's wards in the insane asylums in New England, are filled with middle aged wives, mothers driven there by overwork and anxiety; through the rest of the country the popular type fo the woman of 40 is neither fair nor fat, but a sallow, anxious eyed crature, with teeth and hair furnished by the shops, and a liver and nerves which long ago took her work, temper, and, we had almost said, religion out of her control. This rapid decline of many women may be owing partly to climatic influence, but it is much more due to the wear and tear of their motherhood, and anxiety to push their children forward, added to the incessant petty rasping of inefficient domestic service. A man's work may be heavier, but is single; it wears on him on one side only; he has his hours sacred to business, to give to his brief, his sermon, his shop; there is no drain on the rest of his faculties or time. His wife has no hour sacred to this or to that; he brings his trouble to her, and it is her duty to comprehend and aid him, while her brain is devising how to keep her boy Tom away from the companions who brought him home drunk last night; how to give Jennie another year of music lessons; how to contrive a cloak for the baby cut out of her old merino; the burning meat in the kitchen all the while "setting her nerves in a quiver" . She has not a power of mind, a skill of body which her daily life does not draw upon. Her husband comes and goes to his office; the outdoor air, the stir, the change of ideas, the passing word for this man or that, unconsciously refresh and lift him from the cankering cares of the work. She has the parlor, the dining room, the kitchen to shut her into it, day after day, year after year. Women, without a single actual grief in the world, grow morbid and ill-tempered, simply from living in doors, and resort to prayer to conquer their crossness, when they only need a walk of a couple of miles or some wholesome amusement. It is a natural craving for this necessity - amusement - which drives them to tea parties and sewing circles which men ridicule as absurd and tedious. There is no reason why our women, who are notably rational and shrewd in the conduct of the working part of life, should cut themselves off thus irrationally from the necessary relaxation, or make it either costly or tedious. Let every mother of a family who reads Scribner resolve not to put off her holidays until old age, but to take them all along the way, and to bring a good share of them into this winter. Let her give no ball, no musical evenings, no hot, perspiring tea parties, but let her manage to have her table always prettily served and comfortably provided, and her welcome ready for any friend who may come to it; let her set apart an evening, if possible, when her rooms shall be open to any pleasant friend who will visit her; the refreshment to be of the simplest kind, and above all, if the table chance not to be well served, or the friends are not agreeable, let her take the mishap as a jest and meet all difficulties with an easy good humor. It is not necessary to take every bull of trouble by the horns; if we welcome and nod to them as to cheerful acquaintances they will usually trot by on the other side of the road. Let her take our prescription for the winter, and our word for it, the Spring will find fresher roses on her cheeks and fewer wrinkles on her husband's forehead (Scribner's).

Subjects: Amusements, Animals / Reptiles, Art, Astronomy, Barber / Hair, Beverages, Birds, Business Enterprises, Charlemont (MA), Children, Clubs, Courtship, Dance, Drunkenness, Economics, Education, Eye, Family, Farmers & Farming / Flowers, Fashion, Fires, Food, Furniture, Holidays, Households, Insanity, Jokes, Libraries and Librarians, Light, Literature / Web Pages, Marriage and Elopement, Meat, Medical Personnel, Medicine / Hospitals, Music, Names, New England, Old Age, Parties, Politics, Poor, Religion, Rich People, Rivers / Lakes / Oceans, Roads, Sales, Smoking and Tobacco, Sports, Transportation, Urbanization / Cities, Weather, Women, Work, Clothing

Posted by stew - Sat, Jan 14, 2006

Gazette & Courier - Monday, January 11, 1875
Cities of our colonial era

Cities of our colonial era - The chief cities of our ancestors were all scattered along the seacoast. There were no large towns in the interior. Albany was still a small village, Schenectady a cluster of houses. To those vast inland capitals which have sprung up on the lakes and great rivers of the West our country offered no parallel. Chicago and St. Louis, the centers of enormous wealth and unlimited commerce, had yet no predecessors. Pleasant villages had sprung up in New England, New Jersey, and on the banks of the Hudson, but they could pretend to no rivalry with those flourishing cities which lined the sea coast or its estuaries, and seemed to our ancestors the abodes of luxury and splendor. Yet even New York, Philadelphia and Boston, estensive as they appeared to the colonists, were insignificant towns compared to the European capitals, and gave no promise of ever approaching that grandeur which seemed to be reserved especially for London and Paris. In 1674 the population of New York was perhaps 20,000; that of London, 600,000. The latter was 30 times larger than the former, and in wealth and political importance was so infinitely its superior that a comparison between them would have been absurd. Boston, which has crowned Beacon Hill, pressed over the neck, and even covered with a magnificent quarter a large surface that was once the bed of the Charles River, was in 1774 a town of 17,000 or 18,000 inhabitants, closely confined to the neighborhood of the bay. The Long Wharf may still be seen on the ancient maps; the common as used as a public resort; the Hancock House was illuminated at the repeal of the Stamp Act, and the Sons of Liberty raised on the Common a pyramid of lamps, from the top of which fire works lighted up the neighboring fields. But Beacon Hill was still used by its owner as a gravel pit, and it was feared by the citizens that he might level it altogether. The Boston of 1774 which proclaimed freedom and defied the power of England, would scarcely rank today among the more important country towns. New York was more populous, but it was still confined to the narrow point of land below the Park. The thickly built part of the town lay in the neighborhood of Whitehall. Some fine houses lined Broadway and Broad Street, but to the west of Broadway green lawns streetched down from Trinity and St. Paul’s to the water. Trees were planted thickly before the houses; onthe roofs railings or balconies were placed, and in the summer evenings the people gathered on the house top to catch the cool air. Lamps had already been placed on the streets. Fair villas covered the environs, and even the Baroness Riedesel, who had visited in the royal palaces of Europe, was charmed with the scenery and homes of the citizens. Extravagance had already corrupted the plainer habits of the earlier period. The examples of London and Paris had already affected the American cities. The people of New York drank fiery Madeira, and were noted for their luxury. Broadway was thought the most splendid of avenues, although it ended at Chambers Street. And 20 years later the City Hall was built; it was called by Dwight (a good scholar) the finest bulding in America. The streets of New York and Boston were usually crooked and narrow, but the foresight of Penn had made Philadephia a model of regularity. Market and Broad streets were ample and stately. The city was as populous as New York, and perhaps the possessor of more wealth. It was the first city on the continent, and the fame of Franklin had already gven it a European renown. Yet Philadelphia, when it rebelled against George III, was only an insignificant town clinging to the banks of the river, and New York invited the attack of the chief naval power of the world with its harbor undefended and its whole population exposed to the guns of the enemy’s ships. The southern cities were yet of little importance. Baltimore was a small village. Virginia had no large town. Charleston had a few thosand inhabitants. Along that immense line of sea coast now covered with populous cities, the smallest of which would have made the New York and Boston of our ancestors seem insignificant, only these few and isolated centers of commerce had sprung up. The wilderness still covered the shores of Long Island, New Jersey, Delaware and the Carolinas almost as much as in the days of Raleigh (Harper’s Magazine for November).

Subjects: Amusements, Astronomy, Boston (MA), Business Enterprises, Charlemont (MA), Economics, English (and England), Fires, French, Government, History, Households, Law and Lawyers, Light, Liquors, Literature / Web Pages, Parks, Religion, Rich People, Rivers / Lakes / Oceans, Roads, Royalty, Trees, Urbanization / Cities, Vendors and Purchasers, Vital Statistics, War / Weaponry, Women, Europe, Architecture / Construction

Posted by stew - Sat, Jan 14, 2006

Gazette & Courier - Monday, January 11, 1875
Lady clerks in Washington

Lady clerks in Washington - I am acquainted with a lady who writes Spencerian plays in the Patent Office at Washington, for $900 a year. Her father was a naval officer of long and meritorious service, and died Rear Admiral. Her husband put $70,000 on the wrong side of the stock sale in New York, lost, and sneaked to the hereafter through the back door of the suicide. Patient and lovable, she works steadily as if some mighty reward were near at hand. I suppose it is hope on, hope ever with her, though nobody can see what she has to expect more than a life of routine and an humble grave. In Paris she would have flown first to the streets and then to the charcoal brazier. In London it would have been the Argyl Rooms [i.e. http://www.victorian...ications/seven16.htm Argyll Rooms ], gin, and the waters of Blackfriars' bridge . As you pass the tables of the ladies in the Treasury building, you are moving among better materials for romances than exist in the teeming brains of Hugo or Targen[?] "You see that second woman to your left", whispered Spinner. "Her father was once at the head of the railroad. The panic of '65 laid him out. She married a Baden baron; he left her in a year or two for some Dutch flame. She has a noble little boy 5 years old now. Says she is going to fit him for Harvard by and by, and then make a Senator of him. Watch her count that money. You cannot move your fingers up and down in the air as fast as she brushes off the single notes. Never did a day's work of any kind till she came here". All honor to the lady clerks of Washington for adding the strongest proof yet given of women's power to lose friends and fortune and still retain virtue and independence. God bless the multitude of faithful workers, who are showing each day how possible it is for them to earn their own living, and yet remain esteemed and respected ladies.

Subjects: Astronomy, Bridges, Cemeteries, Charlemont (MA), Children, Coal, Courtship, Economics, Education, English (and England), Family, Fires, French, Furniture, Gambling, Germans, Government, Inventions, Liquors, Literature / Web Pages, Marriage and Elopement, Obituaries, Poor, Prostitution, Religion, Rich People, Roads, Royalty, Sales, Suicide, Trains, War / Weaponry, Women, Work, Europe

Posted by stew - Sat, Jan 7, 2006

Gazette & Courier - Monday, January 4, 1875
Chauncey Rose of Terre Haute, unquestionably a Chauncey Rose of Terre Haute, unquestionably a http://www.rose-hulm...5th/chaunceyrose.htm generous man and wise, believes in distributing at least a portion of his goods to worthy causes himself rather than trust it to the executors of his estate. He has just distributed among institutions in Terre Haute $356,000. He had previously given away large sums.

Subjects: Charity, Economics, Education, Obituaries, Rich People

Posted by stew - Tue, Jan 3, 2006

Gazette & Courier - Monday, January 4, 1875
(Greenfield) We take pleasure in noticing the prosperity of Greenfield boys who have gone away to make their fortunes. We think of none who make a more creditable success than Scott Keith and Henry K

(Greenfield) We take pleasure in noticing the prosperity of Greenfield boys who have gone away to make their fortunes. We think of none who make a more creditable success than Scott Keith and Henry Keith, sons of Major William Keith. They both served in the war with honorable record, and 7 or 8 years ago went to that enterprising metropolis of the West, Chicago. Scott is now a third owner of Hatch, Holbrook & of the oldest firms...lumber trade in the west. They hold a large...which is shipped mostly to Western and Southern markets for railroads and manufacturers. They have a stock of 5 million ft. of seasoned lumber on hand of every variety, and have in addition to their premises of Chicaco, a Milwaukee. Their office, 25 West 12th Street, is said to be a model one, a sure sign of the best system, neatness and order, which should be the characteristic of every mercantile house. Henry Keith is the confidential clerk of J.T. Ryerson , who...handsome office...and respected by everybody with whom...Both are fair examples of what New England boys can become when they unite the western pluck and enterprise with New England integrity and character. [Excuse all the lapses...copy is too hard to read].

Subjects: Business Enterprises, Businesspeople, Emigration and Immigration, Greenfield (MA), New England, Rich People, Trains, Trees, Urbanization / Cities, Vendors and Purchasers, War / Weaponry, Work

Posted by stew - Sun, Jan 1, 2006

Gazette & Courier - Monday, January 4, 1875
Gerrit Smith left a will, in which he bequeaths one half of his property to his wife [Ann C. Fitzhugh Smith], and one quarter each to his ch

Gerrit Smith left a will, in which he bequeaths one half of his property to his wife [ Ann C. Fitzhugh Smith ], and one quarter each to his children, Mrs. Miller and Greene Smith . Prior to his death, he had made liberal provisions for his relatives and for charitable institutions. His two last large gifts were made within two months, one of $12,000 in various sums to the sufferers in Kansas and adjoining states from the grasshopper plague, and the other of $25,000 to Hamilton College in Clinton, N.Y.

Subjects: Charity, Education, Family, Insects, Obituaries, Rich People, Women

Posted by stew - Sun, Jan 1, 2006

Gazette & Courier - Monday, January 4, 1875
The Tunnel route to the West

The Tunnel route to the West - The Board of Governors of the Bay State transportation league (wild cat scheme) [i.e. wildcat scheme] have completed their report of their labors in planning the most feasible route to the West from Boston via the Hoosac tunnel. The report opens with a proposition that the State should convey all its interests in the Southern Vermont Railroad, the Hoosac tunnel, and the Troy and Greenfield roads, to a public corporation, to be created by itself for $6,000,000; next, that a consolidated line, composed, in addition of the Massachusetts Central, Boston & Lowell, Vermont & Massachusetts, and Fitchburg roads, should be formed, to cost, including the $6,000,000, as above, $26,871,503. The cost of double tracks on the Massachusetts Central and Vermont and Massachusetts roads, and of strengthening the latter, is estimated to be $8,000,000, or $34,811,503 in all, to complete the consolidated roads to the New York State line. The route is thus described from Boston to http://www.parrysoun...ash_Photographer_S_M Georgian Bay . By way of the Hoosac tunnel to Lake Ontario, across the lake to Toronto and from thence to Georgian Bay. A bill is submitted for the incorporation of the company, under the name of the Boston and Chicago railroad transit company, and places the capital stock at $35,000,000. The bill is signed by the directors, Messrs. Otis Clapp , John B. Taft , http://www.ironhorse.../new_england_car.htm Edward Crane , A.P. Blake and R.A. Ballon. An analysis of the route completes the lengthy document, and gives the estimated cost and the cost of connections, which is fixed at a grand total, including branches to Schenectady, Clayton, Lake Ontario, and Buffalo, $100,074,504.

Subjects: Animals / Reptiles, Business Enterprises, Businesspeople, Charlemont (MA), Economics, Greenfield (MA), Hoosac Tunnel (MA), Massachusetts, Rich People, Trains, Transportation, Vermont, Canada

Posted by stew - Sun, Jan 1, 2006

Gazette & Courier - Monday, January 4, 1875
Colonel Alvah Crocker

http://www.museumres...exhibit1/e17572a.htm Colonel Alvah Crocker - The particulars of http://www.gencircle...-r-bowie/1/data/2599 Col. Crocker 's death, which we announced last week, are as follows: He left Washington on Mon. eve. 21st, to spend the holidays at his home, where he arrived on Wed. morning, having spent Tues. in New York at the residence of his daughter. He was suffering from a severe cold, which he first felt the effects of the previous Sat., but which was not so serious as to incapacitate him from attending to his business, and a greater portion of Wed. was spent at his office. Thurs. morning he visited and remained half an hour at his new block on Main Street, which has been in process of erection for several months past, and is to be occupied by the http://www.occ.treas...aeval/nov97/2153.pdf Safety Fund National Bank . The remainder of the forenoon he passed at the house of a sick friend and in the transition of business. Thurs. eve., the cold which until this time had not affected him seriously, began to take a more severe form, and a sleepless night was passed. He had arranged to spend Christmas at the house of a friend, but his illness had assumed so serious a form that he deemed it unadvisable to do so, but it was not until Sat. morning that he yielded to the wishes of his friends and allowed the family physician, http://www.rootsweb....pi1893/jpi1893-s.htm Dr. George Jewett , to be called, who pronounced his illness a serious attack of congestion of the lungs. But though his condition was critical, great hopes were entertained of his ultimate recovery. He, however, grew worse so rapidly that a consultation of physicians was decided upon, and Dr. Thompson was called in Sat. eve., but though every effort was maade to rally him he continued to sink rapidly until 11 o'clock Sat. eve., when he passed quietly away. Mr. Crocker's age was 73 years, 2 months, and 12 days. Mr. Crocker ws a native of Leominster, and became a factory operative at 8 years of age, but by dint of energy and perseverance he secured an academic education. In 1823, when 22 years of age, Mr. Crocker embarked in the paper manufacturing business at Fitchburg. It was only by the most determined efforts that he succeeded in keeping "his head above water" for a considerable length of time, owing to various circumstances over which he had no control. Mr. Crocker was an earnest advocate of the necessity of an extended and omplete railway system for Northern Massachusetts. It was mainly through his efforts that the Boston & Fitchburg railway was built, and he rode from Ftichburg on the first locomotive which entered the town on the 5th of March, 1845. He was also largely isntrumental in the construction of the Vermont and Massachusetts road, and was at different periods President of both these corporations. He was at the time of his death financially interested in 7 or 8 large paper mills in and near Fitchburg, and one at Turners Falls, where the National Bank and Savings Bank bore his name. He served in the State Legislature in 36, 42, and 43, and was also a member of the Senate for 2 terms. Mr. Crocker was a commissioner of the Hoosac tunnel, and was greatly interested in its successful opening for business. He was elected to the 42nd Congress Jan. 2, 1872, to fill the vacancy occasioned by the resignation of William H. Washburn, and was elected to the 43rd Congress as a Republican, receiving 14,019 votes against 4,588 for D.W. Bond, Democrat. The funeral services were held in Christ Church at Fitchburg Wed. aft. Rev. J.W. Kimball had charge of the arrangements, and the Episcopal burial service was read by Rev. Henry L. Jones of Wilkesbarre, Pa., and a former pastor of the church, assisted by Rev. Dr. Theodore Edson of Lowell. Business was suspended throughout the city, and a great throng viewed the remains of him who had done so much for the place he loved. Among those present from abroad were Lieut. Gov. Talbot, Gen. Whitney of the Council, a delegation from Turners Falls, and Col. I.F. Conkey of Amherst. Mr. Crocker left no will; he destroyed one will two or three years ago, and intended to make another before returning to Washington. No exact estimates can be given of the amount of his property, though, as recently stated, it will probably foot up to $4,000,000.

Subjects: Boston (MA), Business Enterprises, Businesspeople, Charlemont (MA), Child Abuse, Children, Diseases, Dreams / Sleep, Economics, Education, Elections, Emigration and Immigration, Family, Government, Hampshire / Hampden Counties, Holidays, Hoosac Tunnel (MA), Households, Massachusetts, Medical Personnel, Montague (MA), Mourning Customs, Obituaries, Politics, Religion, Rich People, Trains, Turners Falls (MA), Urbanization / Cities, Vermont, Work, Architecture / Construction

Posted by stew - Sun, Jan 1, 2006

Gazette & Courier - Monday, January 4, 1875
Two men, accompanied by the son of Professor Peck, went into the residence of the father at New York, Sunday, while the family were at church, and the men took away a chest full of silver ware togeth

Two men, accompanied by the son of Professor Peck, went into the residence of the father at New York, Sunday, while the family were at church, and the men took away a chest full of silver ware together with bonds, mortgages, money and jewelry, amounting to $10,000. The servant girl, who witnessed the men carrying away the chest, went to church and alarmed the professor and family, who ascertained the above facts. The boy was subsequently taken before the police court, but would confess nothing, and his father has not preferred any complaint against him. The youth is 19 years old, and has of late been the companion of gamblers. His accomplices have not yet been caught.

Subjects: Courts, Crime, Criminals, Cutlery, Economics, Education, Family, Gambling, Households, Police, Religion, Rich People, Robbers and Outlaws, Women, Work, Jewelry / Gold / Silver / Treasure

Posted by stew - Sun, Jan 1, 2006

Gazette & Courier - Monday, January 4, 1875
Gerrit Smith died at New York Mon. He has been one of the noble company of philanthropists now dropping so fast into the ground, whose mission it was Gerrit Smith died at New York Mon. He has been one of the noble company of philanthropists now dropping so fast into the ground, whose mission it was to arouse nations to the point of destroying slavery. He was born at Utica, N.Y., March 6, 1797. It may be doubted if the annals of modern philanthropy contain more striking examples of devotion and principal than are afforded by Mr. inheritance from his father and [?] from his fellow heirs, he was one of the largest landholders of the country. But becoming convinced of the evil of [?] monopoly he distributed $200,000 acres among poor whites and blacks in parcels averaging 50 acres.

Subjects: African-Americans / Blacks, Charity, Family, Obituaries, Poor, Rich People

Posted by stew - Sat, Dec 31, 2005

Gazette & Courier - Monday, January 4, 1875
Russian homes Russian homes - Theophile Gautier , in his book describing http://www.gutenberg.../12404-h/12404-h.htm "A Winter in Russia" , has the following paragraph showing how the wealthier residents of St. Petersburg protect themselves in their houses against the rigors of the winter: "The windows are invariably double, and the space between the sashes is covered with a layer of fine sand, dsigned to absorb moisture and prevent the frost from silvering the panes. Twisted horns of paper containing salt are set in it, and sometimes the sand is concealed by a bed of moss. There are no outside shutters or blinds, for they would be useless, since the windows remain closed all winter, being carefully filled in around the edges with a kind of cement. One narrow, movable pane serves to admit fresh air, but its use is disagreeable and even dangerous, so great is the contrast (in winter) between the temperature without and that within. Heavy curtains of rich material still further deaden the effect of the cold upon the glass. The temperature within these hermetically sealed houses is kept at 66 or 68 degrees, so that the ladies, if they desire, can dress in the lightest fabrics. The people seem to be intensely fond of flowers , and the well to do cultivate them profusely. Flowers receive you at the door and go with you up the stairway; Irish ivies festoon the balusters; jardineres adorn the landing on every floor. In the embrasure of the windows bananas spread out their broad, silken leaves; tallpot palms, magnolias, camelias growing like trees, mingle their blossoms with the gilded volutes of the cornices; orchids hover like butterflies around lamp shades of crystal, porcelain and curiously wrought terra cotta. From horn shaped vases of Japanese porcelain or of Bohemian glass, placed in the center of a table or at the corner of a sideboard, spring sheaves of superb exotics; and all this floral splendor thrives as in a hothouse. In truth, every Russian apartment is a hothouse; in the street, you are at the Pole; within doors, you might believe yourself in the Tropics. Even the wealthier classes retain in a measure certain habits of tent life, which betray the origin of the people. Instead of setting apart chambers for exclusive use as sleeping rooms, a camp bed or low divan is concealed behind a folding screen in one corner, often in the most sumptuous parlors, and upon such resting places the Russian drops down whenever his eyelids happen to be heavy. In the houses of the wealthy the preparation of the food is entirely under the control of French cooks, although a few national dishes still retain their place on the table".

Subjects: Astronomy, Curiosities and Wonders, Dreams / Sleep, Eye, Farmers & Farming / Flowers, Food, French, Furniture, Glass / Windows, Households, Ice, Insects, Irish, Japanese, Light, Pottery / Crockery, Rich People, Roads, Trees, Urbanization / Cities, Weather, Women, Architecture / Construction, Russia, Clothing

Posted by stew - Fri, Dec 30, 2005

Gazette & Courier - Monday, January 4, 1875
Smuggling Smuggling http://www.sahistory...k-future-builton.htm diamonds - The Boston Commercial Bulletin, in an article on smuggling at this port relates the following story: "There is a very important traffic carried on in diamonds over the various European lines to this country, and as the duty upon them is 10% ad valorum, the sharpest watch is kept upon those suspected to be engaged in it. By means of agents abroad, the Collector's office has often information by cable of the departure from the various ports of suspected diamond smugglers, and is prepared to intercept them. In 9 cases out of 10 the stones are concealed upon the persons of the passengers. When this becomes a certainty, the passenger is arrested and taken to the Searcher's bureau in the Custom House. Here if found necessary, the party is stripped to the skin, and his clothes examined inch by inch and seam by seam; the heels are taken from his boots, his hair and beard is combed, and every means taken to discover the hiding place of the secreted treasures. Once this mode of search used to be tolerably successful, but now it rarely serves any purpose except in the case of raw recruits to the smuggling ranks. An old bird is caught with chaff but once. A New York Jew, who was reputed to be in the business of smuggling diamonds, used to cross the water on the Canard Line from 3 to 4 times a season. Two years ago, in the early part of the season, he was seized upon his arrival and taken to the searcher's room. Nearly a thousand dollars worth of precious stones were found secreted in the linings of his boots. He returned to Liverpool by the same steamer, and four weeks afterwards again landed upon the company's wharf on North river. He was again seized and subjected to the same rigorous search, but with no success. The Jew took it smilingly and philosophically. When he took his leave he said "Better luck next time, gentlemen. I shall go back by the same steamer on business, and when I return you can try it again. The officers mentally determined if he did they would try it again. Upon inquiry it was found that he really had engage a return passage, having held his stateroom for that purpose. Two hours before the sailing of the steamer he was driven down to the pier in his carriage, his wife and daughter with him to see him off. When they returned they carried with them over 10 thousand dollars worth of diamonds, which had been secreted in his stateroom during the while the steamer had remained in port. Before his return to New York the collector was notified by one of the revenue agents abroad that ' Max Fischer would return by the ---, which would leave Liverpool Oct. 25th, with several thousand dollars worth of diamonds'. In due time the Jew arrived, and for the third time was escorted before the searchers. He was evidently not prepared for such persistent attention. He seemed nervous and agitated, and finally attempted to compromise. He was politely informed that that was out of the question. He was again put through the searching process. The pocketbook which was first investigated, revealed a memorandum showing the purchase of 18 diamonds of various sizes and prices, amounting in all to about $12,000. When this came to light the Jew begged with tears to be allowed to compromise. A deaf ear was turned to his entreaties. His coat was removed and the lining examined. Nothing there. Then the waistcoat. As the searcher passed his practical [might mean practiced] fingers along the lining his heart gave a tremendous thump as he recognized the feel of something pebbly, like little rows of buttons. The garment was hastily ripped, a strip of chamois skin withdrawn and unrolled, and there lay 1,2,3,- 18! all there. 'You can put on your coat and waistcoat again, Mr. Fischer', said the searcher blandly. 'Good day'. Without a word the Jew departed, took a horse car home, kissed his family, ate a rousing supper, repaired to the bath room, and after soaking a rather capacious plaster across the small of his back for a few minutes in warm water, peeled it off, and with it 18 diamonds of various costs and prices. What the search and collector may have said or thought, when they found their seizure to be nothing but clever glass imitations, worth from 10 to 30 cents each, nobody knows, for although the seizure was loudly heralded the finale was never made known publicly. A lady in this city, moving in fashionable circles, wears a valuable diamond which was imported in the cavity of a double tooth, said tooth being in the mouth of an Israelitish gentleman of New York. It was placed in its rather unromantic hiding place in London, and safely covered with bone filling, which was displaced after the arrival in New York".

Subjects: African-Americans / Blacks, Barber / Hair, Birds, Boston (MA), Business Enterprises, Businesspeople, Charlemont (MA), Crime, Criminals, Economics, Family, Food, Government, Horses, Jews, Light, Literature / Web Pages, Lost and Found, Luck, Police, Racism, Rich People, Rivers / Lakes / Oceans, Telegraphs / Telephones, Transportation, Vendors and Purchasers, Women, Words, Work, Europe, Jewelry / Gold / Silver / Treasure, Clothing

Posted by stew - Fri, Dec 30, 2005

Gazette & Courier - Monday, January 4, 1875
A trotting team

A trotting team - Trotting horses are to New York what race horses are to London. If a horse has speed he will bring any price. The arrival of a fast team produces an immense excitement on the street. The men who keep the market in a turmoil are the men who buy the fast trotters. It is not difficult to buy a single team that is fast. The story that Vanderbilt keeps a standing offer of $10,000 for a first class horse is a canard. He could get speed at any time if he would pay for it. The old commodore wants something besides speed. He wants a fast horse - a horse kind and quiet - that will drive on slack rein - one perfectly safe - and at a low figure. But to get a fast double team is a difficult matter. It is so difficult to match horses in the spirit, and motion and bottom. There is one team in the city that always produces a sensation on the road; one of these is the horse Connors, owned by J.F. Merrill of Boston. This horse is black as jet. The other horse is http://www.ustrottin...rcuit/gc_history.cfm St. James , belonging to Rochester. He is mahogany in color. The two horses are of the same height, aout 15 hands. The recorded time of the team is 2:22. Connors' time is 2:19. St. James' record is 2:18. It is said he has shown the speed of 2:17. This team was sold last week and Bud Doble [usually seen as Budd Doble ] was the purchaser. Everybody knew that he did not buy it for himself. It turns out that the real buyer was a California miner; he made an immense fortune in about ten days by the rise of the Opher mining stock. It is said on the street that for an hour or more he made a million a minute. The price paid for the team was $40,000. the team has left for the Pacific Coast - "Burleigh" in Boston Journal.

Subjects: Boston (MA), Business Enterprises, Contests, Economics, English (and England), Horses, Literature / Web Pages, Mines and Mineral Resources, Rich People, Roads, Sales, Sports, Transportation, Urbanization / Cities, Vendors and Purchasers

Posted by stew - Fri, Dec 30, 2005

Gazette & Courier - Monday, January 4, 1875
A Hindoo funeral

A Hindoo funeral - a strange picture of Indian customs. The London Times of Nov. 14 prints the following extract from the letter of Lieut. C.E. Yate , Assistant Political Agent, Bombay Staff Corps, relative to the death of the http://www.artoflege.../library/dictionary/ Maharana of Oodeypoor [this is really Udaipur]: the Residency , http://www.blonnet.c...2002021800130300.htm Oodeypoor Rajpootana, Oct. 12, 1874. "I would have written before if I could have found time, but I have been in such a continual state of excitement lately that it was impossible.

I wrote to you last, just after my arrival from Erinpoora [i.e. http://perso.wanadoo...20043%20erinpura.htm Erinpura , a military station] on the 3rd, and forgot whether I mentioned to you that the Maharana [ Maharana SHAMBHU SINGH ] was dangerously ill. He had been so for some time, but I am sorry to say that just when everyone began to think there was a chance of his recovery, he had another attack, and died most suddenly two days ago.

On the 4th. Dr. Macdowall arrived here from Neemuch (80 miles off) to consult with Dr. Burr here about the Maharana, for they had hope of his ultimate recovery, though very slight one. On the 7th he was much better, but at 10 o’clock at night the doctors were sent for, as the Maharana was in great pain. They returned to us very shortly to say that it was all over, and that they had left him dying; another abscess had burst in the liver, and the shock had been too much. Col. Wright, the political agent here, and I at once buckled on our revolvers, and jumping into the carriage, drove off to the http://www.dreamzico...-palace-udaipur.html palace as hard as we could go. The Maharana had died just a minute or two before our arrival, without naming any successor.

He had no children of his own, and he had always refused to adopt, as is customary acording to Hindoo law. [He actually had adopted http://www.mewarindi...20Singh%20Award.html Sajjan Singh , who became the next Maharana]. He left two uncles, both of whom were at deadly enmity with each other, and we were afraid that there would be a row between them for the succession: however, luckily, everything went off quietly. Each of these uncles, I must tell you, had been accused of having bewitched the Maharana, and the row was just coming to a crisis when the latter died.

One uncle at the time, was living in a garden next to the Residency, where he had come for refuge and the protection of the political agent. Three days before his death, the Maharana was weighed against gold , he in one scale and gold mohurs in the other. This enormous sum, about a lac and a half (150,000 rupees) was to be distributed among the Brahmins; consequently the city was crammed full of these people, who had come from miles round to participate in the spoil.

I saw, myself, no less than 30,000 of them fed in the palace a few days ago, and after the feast was over a piece of gold to the value of between 3 and 4 rupees was given to each as they went out of the palace gates; that is how the numbers were ascertained. Well, to return to the subject, Col. Wright and I, after hearing of the Maharana’s death, went down again to the waiting hall below. We fould that all Col. Wright’s orders had been carried out. The http://openscroll.or...atch_tower-21-0.html Zenana doors were locked, and everything was comparatively quiet.

The entire government, of course, lapsed into Col. Wright’s hands, and he is at present the de facto of the country. The excitement, which was greatest first, gradually got less, and about 2 o’clock in the morning it was all pretty quiet. We lay down in our clothes and took a short nap, but neither of us had any sleep. I do not think the women of the Zenana got news of the Maharana’s death for some time, and did not show their grief until early morning. Just at dawn we were startled by a fearful wail from the Zenana , which contains, I am told, 500 women, so you can fancy what a row all these wailing together could make.

[Interesting to think that with 500 women in his http://www.alovelywo...e/htmgb/udaipug1.htm harem , the Maharana still died without an heir]. Their cry was taken up by all the people in the palace, and went on, I may say, almost without intermission for some three hours, till the body was carried off to the place of cremation . Troops of women came in from the city, all wailing and crying in chorus. These all passed into the Zenana to add their lamentations to those of the inmates, and as day broke the preparations for the funeral went on and the crowd began to get thicker and thicker.

At this time the women in the Zenana began to get most violent. The two wives and the favorite concubine of the Maharana made most determined efforts to break through the doors, and doubtless they would have succeeded in getting out had not Col. Wright taken the precaution of having them locked in in time. I had possession of the key all the time. They wanted to be allowed to commit suttee [also seen as sati ] and to be burnt along with the Maharana, and sent message after message to Col. Wright to be let out. Their efforts to get out were so determined that Col. Wright at last posted the two chief nobles of the State at the doors, and told them that he would hold them personally responsible that no one got out.

It is a rule here that if a woman gets out of the Zenana and shows her face, she is either obliged to become a suttee and be burned, or else to commit suicide. At last the Maharana’s mother sent a message to Col. Wright begging that as none of the others were allowed to become suttee, she might have permission to do so, as no Maharana of Oodeypoor had ever died alone, and it would be a disgrace if her son was to do so. All the time great preparations were going on for the funeral procession.

The noise was tremendous. In addition to the wailing of some 1000 women in the Zenana, all the men were howling and beating their breasts. They brought a lot of jewels on a tray to the Colonel, which were to be put upon the corpse: a pair of ear rings, a beautiful necklace, and an anklet were to be burnt with the body. The rest were to be brought back. The Colonel’s permission was also asked to take 5000 rupees out of the treasury for distribution along the road. About 9 o’clock in the morning a lot of Brahmins arrived and went up into the palace, and shortly after the body was brought back, dressed up in full court costume and bedecked with jewels. It was placed in a sort of sedan chair in a sitting position, covered with a canopy of crimson and gold, and thus borne on the shoulders of a lot of Brahmins.

The procession was formed and went off: first a guard of Rajpoots, then men carrying the 5000 rupees, then another guard, then some 20 or 30 torch bearers with lighted torches, then some men with lighted candles, then a whole crowd of Brahmins in the midst of which was the body borne aloft on their shoulders. Some of them sprinkled the body with rose leaves and flowers, others carried palm branches, two others, one on each side, waved long yac tails [i,e, yak?] about to keep off the flies, just as would have been done had the Maharana been alive; then came the emblem of Royalty, the Hindoo Sooruj or sun, the red umbrella, and other paraphernalia.

The wailing, as soon as the body was brought out in sight of the crowd was tremendous. The place of cremation where all the royal tombs are is a place some two miles outside of the city walls. The whole populace followed the body there, and as soon as the ceremony was over, every man was clean-shaved - beard, whiskers, mustache, and even the hair of the hand. All Rajpoots wear very long long, flowing whiskers, which they are in the habit of winding round their ears, and it must have been a great grief to many a man to cut them off. There is not a man in the country with any hair on his face, and it gives them the funniest appearance possible.

I did not know many of the officials when I first found them. It was all certainly a most extraordinary sight, and one that I may never see again. The Maharana of Oodeypoor is the head of all the Hindoos in India, the direct descendant of their great Rama, and traces his descent for more than 1500 years back. I forget the exact date at the present moment. After the procession had started the Zenana women became more quiet; one or two threatened to throw themselves from a high window, to the terror of some of the chief nobles, who begged the Colonel to pitch tents and awnings under the window to break their fall - a request the Colonel refused, of course, as it would only have tempted them to do it at once, whereas the hard stones did not look inviting".

On Oct. 14, Lieut. Yates writes: "Yesterday 8 of the principal sirdars, or nobles of the state, came to Col. Wright with a request from the Queen Mother that Sohung Sing, the uncle of the late Maharana, and others might be arrested and imprisoned in the palace dungeons, as he had killed the Maharana by witchcraft, incantations, etc. It seems hardly creditable that in the present day charges of that sort should be seriously brought forward, but it shows what queer people these Rajpoots are to deal with. The intention of the Queen Mother, if she could get Sohung Sing [also seen as Sohun Singh] and his confreres in the palace was to starve them to death before the expiry of the 12 days of mourning.

Had Col. Wright not been here on the spot, it is allowed by all that there would have been no end of bloodshed. All these men accused of witchcraft would have been killed, and several suttees would have taken place to a certainty; and in all probability there would have been a regular disturbance and free fight. As it was Pusma Sale, one of the men accused of witchcraft was atacked on the way to the funeral, and only just escaped with his life. Col. Wright had that morning let him out of prison, and I fancy the old mother, enraged at his escape from her claws, instigated the assassination.

The old lady starved herself for 4 days after her son’s death, but then came round, as she found it harder to die than she expected - a most unfortunate thing for the community at large. All the sirdars want now to be allowed to spend 7 lacs of rupees (70,000 pounds) in alms giving, etc., and proposed to give the rupees to every Brahmin, man, woman or child who will come to take them. They say that was the sum spent when the late Maharana’s predecessor died, and even more ought to be spent now to make up for the slur cast on the Maharana’s name by Col. Wright having prevented the performance of the sacred rite of suttee".

Subjects: Animals / Reptiles, Assassination, Astronomy, Barber / Hair, Cemeteries, Charity, Children, Crime, Criminals, Cults, Curiosities and Wonders, Diseases, Dreams / Sleep, Economics, English (and England), Family, Farmers & Farming / Flowers, Fashion, Fires, Food, Furniture, Government, History, Households, Insects

Posted by stew - Mon, Dec 19, 2005

Gazette & Courier - Monday, December 28, 1874
The ex

The ex-Empress Eugenie dined with Queen Victoria at Windsor Castle on the 7th, and remained all next morning, a handsome suite of apartments having been prepared for http://www.kaiservil...a2/Sisi/travels.html her and for her attendants.

Subjects: English (and England), Food, French, Households, Rich People, Royalty

Posted by stew - Mon, Dec 19, 2005

Gazette & Courier - Monday, December 28, 1874
The Hoosac tunnel

The http://www.catskilla...rextra/htstory1.Html Hoosac tunnel - To the Shanleys, who have completed their contract on the Hoosac tunnel, are we indebted for the greatest triumph of engineering skill accomplished in this country. It is said that they are heavy losers and have finished up the work they agreed to do, at a great pecuniary sacrifice. Be this as it may, they have made an exhibition of pluck, perseverance and grit that should rebound to their lasting credit. From the commencement we had nothing but fizzles and failures until they took the job. Under their management the work has sometimes been slow, and State officials and the people got impatient, but these sturdy contractors kept right along, minding their own business, doing what they did do surely, and time and stubborn endurance finally solved the problem. So we say all honor to the Shanleys, and if their bill for "extras", to be presented at the next Legislature, is an honest one, we trust the State will cash it without grumbling. But the finishing of the tunnel Contract does not leave us the "great bore" in available condition for the use of the people. A great deal is to be done yet. The gentlemen composing the "Hoosac Tunnel Corporation", which was created last winter, have been doing all that was possible to do in the way of finishing this up. The work under their direction and contracted to different parties, has been pushed very rapidly, the pleasant fall weather being so prolonged that much more has been accomplished than could have been hoped. The work has been well done too. They have required the construction of the best road bed possible, the rails laid have been steel, and nothing cheap or sham has been countenanced in any way, shape or form. The most important duty entrusted to them, however, is to make a report for the future action of the State. The question of how this new thoroughfare shall be perfected, and made to serve the best interests of the people who have spent so many thousands in the enterprise, is still unsettled. It is said that their report is now in the hands of the printer, and will be made public at or before the assembling of the legislature. They believe, it is reported, that the tunnel, and the railroad, belonging to the State, should be consolidated with the private corporations which complete the northern line of railroad from Boston to the Hudson. This consolidation road should be managed by a joint board of State and private directors, and the road should be run exactly the same as any private enterprise...A great deal of money is yet to be spent either by the State or private corporations, but we hope wisely and judiciously...

Subjects: Boston (MA), Business Enterprises, Businesspeople, Economics, Family, Hoosac Tunnel (MA), Law and Lawyers, Literature / Web Pages, Massachusetts, Rich People, Rivers / Lakes / Oceans, Science, Trains, Weather, Work

Posted by stew - Wed, Nov 30, 2005

Gazette & Courier - Monday, December 28, 1874
An Indian monarch’s retreat

An Indian monarch’s retreat -Calcutta correspondence of the London Times - I sought out the political residence of the ex king of Oude , whose kingdom now lies on the banks of the http://www.tiscali.c...hinson/m0014239.html Hooghly , at Garden Reach, about 3 miles from Calcutta, down the river. The permission to visit the grounds was at once granted, and I was accompanied by the political resident, Lieutenant Colonel Mowbray Thompson , who is engaging in administering political duties and magisterial justice within the four walls of the ex king of Oude ’s Mimic kingdom, in which however, save where the law of India is in question, there can be no interference on the part of the Indian government. Within the walls the king is supreme. His http://www.gutenberg.../16997-h/16997-h.htm kingdom , though small, is compact. His subjects are in all about 6000, and devoted to him. His court is perfect in form. His officers of state, several of the chief of whom accompanied us over the grounds, have their titles and gradations as they or those who went before them in http://www.sandcastl...erprise/voych06a.htm Oude . The king has 3 principle houses in his little kingdom, and has named them respectively "Sultan Khanah", "Azud Munzil" and "Zurd Kootee". Round the second of these is the royal menagerie, unquestionably one of the finest in the world. It contains about 20,000 birds, beasts, and snakes, ranged in the pretty order of zigzag disorder on the four sides of a magnificent tank, about 3000 ft. by 240 ft. wide, almost alive with every conceivable variety of fresh water fish that can live in a hot climate, and covered with broods or specimens of every known water bird which love or money have been potent enough to secure. The pigeons seem to be the king’s favorites. They number 18,000 arranged in thousands here and there in different parts of the enclosure, and are of every variety and color - I should say the finest existing collection of pigeons. Along the banks of the lake roam at will the ostrich and the pelican, mingling with swans, geese, and a host of birds known to ordinary individuals, with a host more known only to the naturalist or bird fancier. Around, or amid all these (for freedom of all but the wild animals is unbounded) are goats and sheep, representing many climates and species, camels, dromedaries, and I know not what. The snakes have for their house a mountain in shape like the dome of St. Paul’s, only not more than about 30 ft. high, and with perhaps an equal diameter at the base. This dome is covered with holes of different sizes, the homes for snakes of all ages and dimensions. Here the reptiles rule supreme; they are fed, housed, and allowed their own will and pleasure as freely as the king has his - within treaty obligations. Elsewhere in the grounds we find many of the beautiful grass snakes, and others of a like kind, in no case poisonous, but difficult to distinguish from snakes that are poisonous. Finally we had a fine collection of cobras brought out, and then all the native attendants, I am sure we must have had 500 crowded around to see the work of a short, thick set, muscular and rather grim looking man who has the snakes in charge. The little man, described also as a wrestler, was "under a cloud" in consequence of some offense, and he spoke perhaps more defiantly than he was wont to his superiors, but I should say he would at no time be very bland. When his assistants hesitated, he dashed his hand into the jar and pulled out huge cobras, whose touch is death. There was no charming or jugglery, but merely a dangerous exhibition of the king’s pets. One could scarcely, as one looked on the coolness of the operation, remove from one’s mind the impression that the reptiles had been robbed of their deadly poison, but they had not. The king would have no such shams about him. The charm is in the power to kill. All that the little man affected was downright hardihood, induced by long practice, and of course by a knowledge of the habits of cobras. Around the menagerie are those solid, picturesque little buildings with marble floors and stuccoed walls so much in request in the East. They are so constructed that the ex-king or his friends are able to rest, almost at any point, while walking among the pets of the menagerie. At night every part of those buildings and indeed the grounds, is lit up with innumerable lamps of different colors, whose light in the case of the buildings is also reflected from the ceilings by similar colored balls - very dear from their gorgeousness to the heart of an eastern potentate, as they are pleasing to the imagination of his people. The only other noticeable fact is that as in all eastern houses I have seen, especially where European habits are imitated, the gilt and display cover dirty walls, and are further set off by articles of furniture entirely misplaced. The ex king, on some ground of etiquette, never attends a government house, but he is visited by every viceroy on selected occasions, and the regular amount of honor is always meted out to him, with properly adjusted eastern scales of etiquette. He has an income from the government of 10,000 pounds a month, and a small additional sum from the rent of a native bazaar outside his territory. Inside these 4 walls he spends his entire income, and more. At all events, he saves nothing, and seldom seems free from a royal craving for money. This will not be wondered at when I say that in addition to two married wives, 39 Mahuls (that is, persons who bear children) and 100 Begums - who, I presume, do not. Fancy the amount required in London for 141 ladies royal in position at least. He has also living a family of 31 sons and 25 daughters, and he lost a son some days ago. He spends his days in his menagerie, and in drawing, painting, and writing poetry. His songs are said to be excellent, according in native taste, and some which are called after his name - "Huzrut Ki Thoongree", are sung by dancing girls all over Calcutta, Benares, and many other of the principal towns in India. His ex majesty’s evenings are spent among musicians and dancing girls. One of his 4 principle houses, all of which are furnished "in great style", is selected for the day, and there he passes the night - Calcutta meanwhile is as ignorant of his pleasure and he of its, as if he were still in Oude. Every avenue to the palaces is guarded grimly, and woe to the person who attempts to break the guard. All this cannot be maintained without lavish expenditure; in fact, the king maintains a little town, providing the elite of it with choice amusement, and the whole town with amusement of some sort, in adition to providing them with the means of living. The little camp is in its way royal - as eastern people understand royalty. The menagerie costs in feeding, $500 a month. The grounds are beautifully kept, and employ 300 gardeners, who of course must be paid. The people employed are more than feudal retainers; they belong to the ex king body and soul; and if an order had been given for the snake chief, with his grim, surly face and his well knit limbs, to spring upon Colonel Thompson and throttle him on the spot, the man would at least have tried to obey. Such is the life of one of our ex kings.

Subjects: Amusements, Animals / Reptiles, Art, Astronomy, Birds, Charlemont (MA), Children, Courts, Dance, Economics, English (and England), Etiquette, Family, Farmers & Farming / Flowers, Fishes and Fishing, Food, Furniture, Government, Households, Law and Lawyers, Light, Literature / Web Pages, Marriage and Elopement, Music, Names, Obituaries, Poetry, Poisoning, Politics, Religion, Rich People, Rivers / Lakes / Oceans, Roads, Robbers and Outlaws, Royalty, War / Weaponry, Weather, Women, Work, Arabs, Europe, Architecture / Construction, Geography

Posted by stew - Tue, Nov 29, 2005

Gazette & Courier - Monday, December 28, 1874
History of the Dusinberry Family, which if established by evidence will secure to them the fortune of 20 millions [If at all true, the name is most probably Dusenberry]

History of the Dusinberry Family, which if established by evidence will secure to them the fortune of 20 millions [If at all true, the name is most probably Dusenberry] - After the time of the Revolution in England during the reign of Queen Anne, three brothers Dusinberry emigrated from Holland to America; two were farmers, and the other had received a medical education. Soon after their arrival in New York, one brother settled on Long Island. Another went up the Hudson and settled at Peekskill. The Doctor, however, not liking the country, went back to Holland, where soon after his return his father died, leaving considerable property. The Doctor, whose name was Moses, along with a sister in Holland, took possession of the property. Moses continued to practice medicine as a profession in Amsterdam, then the greatest commercial city in the world, and died at middle age unmarried, leaving a fortune of $185,000 to his sister Christine, under certain conditions. Before his death Christine had married one Brant by whom she had two sons; the marriage being distasteful to the Doctor, as Brant was a Jew. Accordingly Dr. Dusinberry had a clause inserted in his will that Brant should not receive any portion of his inheritance, nor his two sons who were also Jews, but at the death of the two sons the money should go to their children, if any were born to them when they became of age, provided they embraced the faith of the Lutheran Church. Failing issue, the money was to go back to his sister Christine if she were alive, but if dead, or at her death, was to go to the Dusinberrys in America. One of the Brants soon died without issue; the older brother left one child, a daughter who died at the age of 9 years. Consequently Christine obtained the property according to the terms of the will at the time of her death, which occurred in 1787, the heirs in America were advertised for. The Dusinberrys in America however, ahd become quite comfortable in circumstances and took no further notice of the matter. So things remained until about the year 1840, except that the fortune was often talked about in the family. About this time David Oliver of Cayuga Co., N.Y. married a daughter of William Dusinberry who was grandson of the brother Dusinberry, who setled at Peekskill on his arrival from Holland, commenced proceedings to obtain the money. His father-in-law was still living, who furnished him with valuable information. Mr. Oliver however, died 3 years after, and the matter was allowed to drop. The papers are in the possession of Elias Dusinberry of New York. In 1853 a suit was commenced by the descendents of the Brant family in Holland, to obtain possession of the property, but the courts decided that the Brants had no right to the money, and that the Dusinberrys were the rightful heirs. Later a connection of the family, Mr. Clinton Vantyle, a retired, wealthy New York merchant, began to interest himself in the matter, and proceeded himself to Holland to make inquiries. He returned in 1869 and engaged Mr. Humphreys, a claim searcher living at 202 Broadway, New York, to proceed to Holland to search up and investigate all the papers. Mr. Humphreys was engaged in this search 5 years, returning to New York last spring. A meeting of the heirs held June 18th, 1874, at which time Mr. Humphreys stated that the result of his 5 years labor would secure to them the money. At that time Mr. Humphreys, with Elias Dusinberry, one of the heirs, were appointed to go back to Holland in the month of August 1874 and take possession of the claim. Intelligence has been received, and heirs notified, that they will return in Dec. 1874, after which a meeting will be held, and heirs take possession of their claims. The grandfather of the heir who is a resident of this town was a grandson of the two brothers Dusinberry who settled in this country, the son of one of the emigrants having married a daughter of the other.

Subjects: Advertising, Births, Business Enterprises, Courts, Economics, Education, Emigration and Immigration, English (and England), Family, Farmers & Farming / Flowers, History, Jews, Law and Lawyers, Literature / Web Pages, Marriage and Elopement, Medical Personnel, Mourning Customs, Names, Obituaries, Racism, Religion, Rich People, Rivers / Lakes / Oceans, Roads, Royalty, Transportation, Urbanization / Cities, Vendors and Purchasers, Women, Work, Europe

Posted by stew - Tue, Nov 29, 2005

Gazette & Courier - Monday, December 21, 1874
To avoid mortifying her lover's family who are very poor, a Montreal heiress was married the other day in a plain Swiss muslin costing $20. But she had a splendid trousseau for use after marriage.

To avoid mortifying her lover’s family who are very poor, a Montreal heiress was married the other day in a plain Swiss muslin costing $20. But she had a splendid trousseau for use after marriage.

Subjects: Economics, Family, Fashion, Marriage and Elopement, Poor, Rich People, Women, Europe, Canada, Clothing

Posted by stew - Mon, Nov 7, 2005

Gazette & Courier - Monday, December 21, 1874
Hon. Timothy M. Allyn of Hartford, Conn., offers to give $100,000 toward the establishment of an Industrial School, for the free instruction o

Hon. Timothy M. Allyn of Hartford, Conn., offers to give $100,000 toward the establishment of an Industrial School, for the free instruction of boys and girls in the business avocations of life.

Subjects: Business Enterprises, Children, Connecticut, Economics, Education, Government, Rich People, Work

Posted by stew - Mon, Nov 7, 2005

Gazette & Courier - Monday, December 21, 1874
The Evils of Intemperance and Its Remedy, by Addie Jennings. How many once happy homes and hearts have been rendered desolate by the demon of intemperance. Intemperancy is one of the greatest evils t

The Evils of Intemperance and Its Remedy, by Addie Jennings. How many once happy homes and hearts have been rendered desolate by the demon of intemperance. Intemperancy is one of the greatest evils that ever cursed mankind; for it not only shatters the nerves and bodily strength, but it also dims the intellect and destroys the soul. No wonder that the Indian calls strong liquor "fire water", for it seems to be a mass of liquid fire as it surges through the veins of its victims. In how many wretched homes the little children, instead of running to meet their father, shrink from his approach, knowing too well that blows and fearful oaths will be their portion should they be so unfortunate as to come in his way? And yet many of our wealthiest men encourage this vice, which is rapidly spreading more and more extensively. Perhaps they may be shocked at this accusation, but it is none the less true, for do they not have the choicest wines at their dinners and social gatherings? Many a drunkard could tell you that the foundation of his ruin was laid by seeing men, whom he had been taught to love and respect, indulge freely in the wine cup. These latter gentlemen pride themselves on their moderate drinking, and call temperance people fanatics, in their efforts to subdue this deadly poison. Go, ask the drunkard, wife and children if we are fanatics, because we wish to keep this dreadful stimulant from the husband and father! Ah, none but those who have walked "woe’s depths" can tell you one half of their anguish and sorrow, as they have seen their loved ones go down to the drunkard’s grave. They are almost powerless to save them, for they cannot persuade the rumseller to refuse them drink. O, ye rumsellers, your gold is bought at a fearful price; you have bartered souls for money, and have often taken the drunkard’s last sixpence that you may live in luxury, and have sent him home without money to furnish his starving wife and children with food. Is it any wonder that farmers dread to have their sons encounter the various liquor saloons and temptations which crowd the streets of our vast cities? In the State of New York alone, the statistics show that in 1863 and 1866, there were 21,242 liquor shops, open night and day, while there were only 18,302 school houses and churches, many of them closed the greater part of the day, to counter balance the dens of vice. If we should take the trouble to walk through some of the streets of our large cities, what a heart rending spectacle would meet our eyes. Here we should see wretched tenements reeking with filth, and wan faces at the doors and windows for a breath of air; but sadder scenes than these would sometimes greet us, for we should behold the drunken father staggering homeward - if such a place can be called a home - and we should hear fierce wrangling and bitter curses mingled with blows and cries...[Talks about the rich rumseller]. It was selling rum that hardened his heart to the scenes that often took place in his bar room, and rum was the ruin of his customers. It is estimated that nearly 3/4 of our crimes are committed under the influence of liquor. Run enters the home of the rich man as well as the poor, and causes a blight to rest upon his family. Ir is the ruin alike of poet and statesman, merchant and mechanic, and those who dwell in the humblest walks of life. And yet in spite of these evils, the number of distilleries and the amount of liquor sold fearfully increases year by year...About 240 millions of gallons of intoxicating liquors were produced in 1867, and probably the amount has frightfully incrased since that time...These facts surely justified the words of Senator Wilson, who said "In this country in the age of light, we have an army of 500,000 drunkards. 50,000 of this army annually sink into a drunkard’s grave...Our country often prides herself upon her liberty, but she is still a slave to intemperance, and we can never have our laws rightly administered until our public men cease to use intoxicating liquors. And now what is the remedy for this great evil? Total abstinence is the only safeguard, as many a reformed drunkard can testify."...The runseller, of course, advocates a license law, for, by paying a certain sum into the government, he can sell liquors for any purpose, and in this way he gains his wealth. But on the other hand, if liquor can only be obtained for chemical, mechanical and medicinal purposes, the number of drunkards and the amount of crime will be greatly diminished. And here a great responsibility rests upon the physicians. They often undoubtedly use alcoholic stimulants in preparing medicines when there is no special need of it, and thus they often awaken a love in the patient for strong drink. Let them use it with as much caution as they would a deadly poison. The temperance crusades, which are now agitating the country, are doing a noble work, for they are calling the attention of the people to the great question concerning the remedy for intemperance, which is now being so widely discussed...The following story which I once read, clearly illustrates my last statements. A few years ago, on any summer morning in a neighboring city, you might see a person stretched upon the bales of a paper warehouse in a helpless state of intoxication. There was a time when he was a generous, manly young fellow, and a favorite in the office in which he was employed. There were also rumors of a widowed mother, far away int he country, dependent upon him for support, and a sweetheart, both of whom he had deserted long ago. But his death now seemed approaching through the horrors of delirium tremens. One day, when Rodgers was creeping to the bar for supply of morning drink, a man came to his side, and said "They tell me you are Richard Rodgers’ son; Dick Richards was the only friend I had for years, and for his sake, I’d like to save his boy. Are you willing for me to try?" "O you can try" said the lad with a laugh. And this nameless friend did try nobly. He took him home, and there he and his sons guarded him for months, keeping liquor from him, and trying to supply his cravings by medical tratment, and at last they met with success in their noble efforts for his welfare. Rodgers, while conversing with a friend concerning his escape, exclaimed, "Do you remember that lank, muscular young fellow who had a desk beside me in the office? He was the son of the man who saved me, and gave up a lucrative situation that he might become my jailor. God bless him. How I used to curse him!" Although Rodger’s friend was simply the owner of a small book store, yet he was willing to give his time and scanty money towards reforming this fellow being. If we only had others who would do likewise, how many drunkards might be saved from their infatuation. Rodgers is now an industrious, honorable man, married to his old love, and his gray haired mother is passing her last days by his fireside.

Subjects: Astronomy, Bars (Drinking establishments), Business Enterprises, Cemeteries, Children, Courtship, Crime, Diseases, Drunkenness, Economics, Education, Eye, Family, Farmers & Farming / Flowers, Fires, Food, Government, Households, Law and Lawyers, Liquors, Literature / Web Pages, Marriage and Elopement, Medical Personnel, Medicine / Hospitals, Names, Native Americans, Parties, Poetry, Poisoning, Poor, Prisons, Religion, Rich People, Roads, Sales, Temperance, Urbanization / Cities, Vendors and Purchasers, War / Weaponry, Widows and Widowers, Women, Words, Work

Posted by stew - Tue, Oct 25, 2005

Gazette & Courier - Monday, December 14, 1874
A little bit of romance

A little bit of romance - Last summer, a well-known and wealthy manufacturer of New England visited the White Mountains. He became infatuated with one of the waiter girls. He was 70 and the maiden 17. He agreed to give her an education and adopt her, though he had several daughters of his own. She joyfully accepted the proposition, flung her white apron behind the door and started on her new life. Of course the connection could not be very satisfactory to the family. The girl had a vein of shrewdness about her, and insisted that a formal paper of adoption should be drawn up. This was done, and the girl was sent to a well known educational institution to receive a little polish. A correspondence was kept up between the parties. But to outsiders the matter was not satisfactory, and the Principal refused to receive the young lady into the school after the vacation was over. Soon after, the gentleman became crazy and was removed to a lunatic asylum; removed, as the girl said, to get him beyond her reach. The remittances failed: and of course there was trouble in the new school into which the girl had entered. On the passing away of insanity, the infatuation of the old man seemed to go with it. He tried to break up the correspondence without success, and the family exerted all their influence to recover the fatal bond of adoption, but the girl held onto it. She had, besides, a bushel of letters breathing the most ardent affection. A pecuniary negotiation was set on foot which at first the maiden repudiated. She professed to be devotedly attached to the old man, and did not want money. But it was discovered that the document, as a legal claim, was not worth the paper it was written on. Then the young lady came to terms, and the sum of $3500 healed her broken heart and wrung from her an obligation that she would trouble the old man no more. She does not propose to go in search of her apron.

Subjects: Businesspeople, Courtship, Economics, Education, Family, Insanity, Law and Lawyers, Literature / Web Pages, Medicine / Hospitals, New England, New Hampshire, Old Age, Orphans and Orphanages, Poor, Rich People, Vacations, Women, Work

Posted by stew - Fri, Oct 14, 2005

Gazette & Courier - Monday, December 14, 1874
The death of The death of http://rmc.library.c...xhibit/entrance.html Ezra Cornell which occurred at his home in Ithaca, N.Y. yesterday, removes one of the richest men and most generous patrons of education in this country. Mr. Cornell was born in Westchester, N.Y. in 1807, and was the efficient coadjutor of Prof. Morse in the latter's early efforts in the construction of telegraph lines, thereby making a good deal of money, which profitable investments have since increased many fold. He had been somewhat in political life, having served in both branches of the New York Legislature, but is best known and will be the longest remembered as the generous patron of the university that bears his name, to which he has given in all about $1,000,000.

Subjects: Births, Economics, Education, Households, Law and Lawyers, Obituaries, Politics, Rich People, Science, Telegraphs / Telephones

Posted by stew - Mon, Oct 10, 2005

Gazette & Courier - Monday, December 14, 1874 Elisha Robinson [one of the earliest oil barons], who died last month at Parker's, Pa. [ Parker City ], bequeathed $1,000,000 to be divided between the different members of his household in a certain manner, and accompanied the legacies with a proviso that, if any one of the children should "grumble" at this disposition of the property, the portion of that one should be distributed in equal shares among the others. Not a "grumble" has been heard.

Subjects: Family, Households, Natural Resources, Obituaries, Rich People

Posted by stew - Mon, Oct 10, 2005

Gazette & Courier - Monday, December 7, 1874

Ruined - By a mother...[Story about a mother, whose husband announces that he is going to keep a liquor store. He does, becomes very successful and rich, and demands that his 13 year old son help him in the store. He becomes a drunkard within a year].

Subjects: Bars (Drinking establishments), Children, Drunkenness, Family, Liquors, Rich People, Stores, Retail, Women, Work

Posted by stew - Mon, Oct 10, 2005

Gazette & Courier - Monday, December 7, 1874
A ten thousand dollar girl

A ten thousand dollar girl - On a certain day on a Pennsylvania railroad, a belle of a thriving Pennsylvania town, the daughter of a wealthy lumber merchant, was traveling in the same car with a shrewd old citizen of her native town, and an agreeable young gentleman from the West, who tells the story. The latter had been talking to the belle, but as night drew on and the young lady became drowsy, he gave up his seat to her and placed himself beside the somewhat cynical Pennsylvanian. The latter began conversation by pointing to a high mountain past which they were whirling, and said: "You see that mountain? Six or eight years ago it was covered with as fine a forest as ever grew, and worth $10,000 and upward. Now, without a tree, covered with stumps, the land is scarcely worth a continental. The net produce of that mountain lies over there in that seat", and he pointed to the recumbent belle: "That is my calculation. It has just absorbed all of that lumber, which her father owned, to raise and educate the girl, pay for her clothes and jewelry, bring her out in society and maintain her there. Some of you young men, if you were given your choice between the mountain yonder as it now stands, and the net produce on that seat would take the net produce, but as for me, give me the stumps".

Subjects: Business Enterprises, Businesspeople, Dreams / Sleep, Economics, Education, Family, Fashion, Furniture, Natural Resources, Recycled Products, Rich People, Trains, Transportation, Trees, Women, Jewelry / Gold / Silver / Treasure, Clothing

Posted by stew - Sun, Oct 9, 2005

Gazette & Courier - Monday, December 7, 1874
(Charlemont) The Deusenbury heirs in this country have been notified that there is a property of 20 millions awaiting their claim in Amsterdam, Holland. What gives interest to this item is the fact t

(Charlemont) The Deusenbury heirs in this country have been notified that there is a property of 20 millions awaiting their claim in Amsterdam, Holland. What gives interest to this item is the fact that one of the direct heirs is a resident of this town.

Subjects: Charlemont (MA), Economics, Family, Names, Rich People, Europe

Posted by stew - Sun, Oct 9, 2005

Gazette & Courier - Monday, December 7, 1874
The will of the late Moses Day of Boston, disposes of $500,000 worth of property, and bequeaths $30,000 to various educational and charitable institutions. It gives $5000 each to Amherst, Williams, H

The will of the late Moses Day of Boston, disposes of $500,000 worth of property, and bequeaths $30,000 to various educational and charitable institutions. It gives $5000 each to Amherst, Williams, Harvard and Tufts Colleges, and provides for $50,000 to be expended for charitable purposes, and the "extension of Christ's kingdom on earth". [His house was later said to be a hotbed of paranormal activity]

Subjects: Boston (MA), Charity, Economics, Education, Hampshire / Hampden Counties, Households, Obituaries, Religion, Rich People, Spiritualism, Berkshire County (MA)

Posted by stew - Sat, Oct 8, 2005

Gazette & Courier - Monday, December 7, 1874
(Shelburne Falls) A middle aged man of our acquaintance who is well off, says that he has been looking around all over the country, trying to find a good place to settle down, and that now he is too

(Shelburne Falls) A middle aged man of our acquaintance who is well off, says that he has been looking around all over the country, trying to find a good place to settle down, and that now he is too old to do anything, even if he should find a good situation, and that soon he has got to leave everything behind and go to some place where he don’t expect to be any better suited than he is now.

Subjects: Religion, Rich People, Shelburne and Shelburne Falls (MA), Transportation

Posted by stew - Mon, Sep 26, 2005

Gazette & Courier - Monday, December 7, 1874
Several hundred of the most respectable men in New York have petitioned the Police Commissioners to protect the Sabbath from increasing inroads upon its sanctity by theaters, concerts, saloons and so

Several hundred of the most respectable men in New York have petitioned the Police Commissioners to protect the Sabbath from increasing inroads upon its sanctity by theaters, concerts, saloons and so-called "sacred operas" .

Subjects: Bars (Drinking establishments), Music, Police, Religion, Rich People, Show Business

Posted by stew - Sun, Jun 5, 2005

Gazette & Courier - Monday, November 30, 1874
The Prince of Wales, the Duke of Egypt and Prince Metternich [Richard Klemens Furst Metternich] are reported to have broken a The Prince of Wales, the Duke of Egypt and Prince Metternich [ Richard Klemens Furst Metternich ] are reported to have broken a faro bank at Baden Baden. The Prince is reported to have won about $15,000 and the Duke $20,000.

Subjects: Economics, English (and England), Gambling, Germans, Rich People, Royalty, Leyden (MA)

Posted by stew - Sun, Jun 5, 2005

Gazette & Courier - Monday, November 30, 1874
Lady Franklin [Jane Franklin] has renewed the offer of $100,000 to any one who will find the official records of her lost husband's exped

Lady Franklin [ Jane Franklin ] has renewed the offer of $100,000 to any one who will find the official records of her lost husband's expedition [ http://www.factmonst...people/A0819489.html Sir John Franklin , lost in the Arctic in 1847.

Subjects: Economics, Explorers, Literature / Web Pages, Lost and Found, Rich People, Widows and Widowers, Women

Posted by stew - Wed, Jun 1, 2005

Gazette & Courier - Monday, November 30, 1874
(Deerfield) The following lines, without signature, accompanied a gift of a beautiful silver spoon, marked "R.C." on the occasion of a 70th birthday

(Deerfield) The following lines, without signature, accompanied a gift of a beautiful silver spoon , marked "R.C." on the occasion of a 70th birthday anniversary: "A favored few, e'en when they're born / Are gifted with a silver spoon / While other mortals, more forlorn / Do not receive so rich a boon / And some through youth to manhood pass / Reaching their three score years and ten / Nor find it all the way, alas! / (Though looking for it still, ye ken) / But patient waiting is no joke / And happy he to whom at last / It comes, much brighter with the gloss / Of years of service on it cast / And with the glow of earnest love / And prayer, that many years to come / May be their peace and beauty prove / A foretaste of a heavenly home". Deerfield, Nov. 24, 1874.

Subjects: Births, Cutlery, Deerfield (MA), Poor, Religion, Rich People

Posted by stew - Sun, Apr 17, 2005

Gazette & Courier - Monday, November 30, 1874
Gerritt Smith [a famous abolitionist] has given $10,000 to Hamilton

http://libwww.syr.ed...tions/g/GerritSmith/ Gerritt Smith [a famous abolitionist ] has given $10,000 to Hamilton College at Clinton, N.Y. He gave the institution $10,000 last February.

Subjects: African-Americans / Blacks, Economics, Education, Rich People

Posted by stew - Sat, Mar 5, 2005

Gazette & Courier - Monday, November 23, 1874
In consequence of long drought, Mr. Sullivant [Michael Lucas Sullivant], a wretched Illinois farmer, will have only 450,000 bush

In consequence of long drought, Mr. Sullivant [ http://www.famousame...amstarlingsullivant/ Michael Lucas Sullivant ], a wretched Illinois farmer, will have only 450,000 bushels of corn this year. [In fact, he was known as the Corn King , because he grew more corn than anyone else in the world].

Subjects: Charlemont (MA), Farmers & Farming / Flowers, Food, Jokes, Poor, Rich People, Weather

Posted by stew - Thu, Mar 3, 2005

Gazette & Courier - Monday, November 23, 1874
Home after business hours

Home after business hours - The road along which the man of business travels in pursuit of competence or wealth is not a macadamized one, nor does it ordinarily lead through pleasant scenes and by well springs of delight. On the contrary, it is a rough and rugged path, beset with "a wait-a-bit" thorns and full of pit falls, which can only be avoided by the watchful care of circumspection. After every day’s journey over this worse than rough turnpike road, the wayfarer needs something more than rest; he requires solace, and he deserves it. He is weary of the dull prose of life, and athirst for the poetry. Happy is the business men who can find the solace and the poetry at home. Warm greetings from loving hearts, fond glances from bright eyes, the welcome shouts of children, the many thousand little arrangements for our comfort and enjoyment that silently tell of thoughtful and expectant love; the gentle ministrations that disencumber us into an old and easy seat before we are aware of it; these and like tokens of affection and sympathy constitute the poetry which reconciles us to the prose of life. Think of this, ye wives and daughters of business men! Think of the toils, the anxieties, the mortification and wear that fathers undergo to secure for you comfortable homes, and compensate them for their trials by making them happy by their own firesides (Ex).

Subjects: Beverages, Businesspeople, Charlemont (MA), Children, Eye, Family, Fires, Furniture, Households, Literature / Web Pages, Poetry, Rich People, Roads, Women, Work

Posted by stew - Mon, Feb 21, 2005

Gazette & Courier - Monday, November 16, 1874
Honor to the heroes

Honor to the heroes - The residents of Mill River Valley, Tues. eve., honored the heroes of the reservoir disaster by the presentation to George Cheney, Collins Graves, Jerome Hillman and Myron Day, gold medals fitly commemorating their gallant services. The project of giving substantial memorials to the men whose names were suddenly made almost household words by the flood of last May, originated with http://www.metmuseum...ermFlag//FromSearch/ William Skinner [also seen as http://www.mtholyoke...ources/skinner.shtml William C. Skinner ], and the $325 necessary to carry it out was contributed by Mr. Skinner , Joel Hayden, H.L. James, and other prominent residents of the valley. The shape that it was decided to give these memorials is that of a gold medal, made by Tiffany & Co. of New York, having inscribed upon its face, "Mill River Reservoir Disaster", and upon the reverse a wreath, upon which is engraved the name of the recipient. There are two styles - one bearing in the face a horseback rider at full speed, and the other a man driving a horse and wagon at break neck speed, with the torrent in the background; Cheney and Hillman have one of the former style, and Graves and Day of the latter. Cosmian Hall, Florence, was the place appointed for the ceremonies of presentation, and the room was crowded. A.T. Lilly was master of ceremonies, and the four heroes occupied positions on the stage, as did also the Florence Musical Association and the Sewing Machine Band. Rev. E.G. Cobb reviewed the incidents of the flood. the devastation of business interests, and referred feelingly to the seven score dead, and the fortitude of the citizens in bearing their losses. He then referred to the heroes, who stood up amid deafening cheers; he addressed complimentary remarks to them, and finally, in behalf of the contributors of the medals, he made the presentation, dwelling on each one's particular bravery. Rev. Mr. Cooke spoke of the lessons of the flood to the builders of reservoirs and others, and spoke a few words to the heroes. C.C. Burleigh followed with some general remarks, and the affair closed with music. The heroes of the occasion made no speeches but showed much feeling.

Subjects: Accident Victims, Art, Business Enterprises, Businesspeople, Charlemont (MA), Disasters, Economics, Floods, Hampshire / Hampden Counties, Horses, Households, Music, Names, Noise, Obituaries, Religion, Rich People, Rivers / Lakes / Oceans, Transportation, Words, Architecture / Construction, Jewelry / Gold / Silver / Treasure

Posted by stew - Wed, Feb 2, 2005

Gazette & Courier - Monday, November 16, 1874
The women of Europe by Mrs. E.B. Duffey

The women of Europe by http://www.geocities...ace20/etiquette.html Mrs. E.B. Duffey - In those nations of Europe which have attained the highest degree of civilization, women are found enjoying the greatest number of privileges, mingling freely with the other sex, most respected and honored, and most worthy of respect and honor. This is especially true of Germany, England, France, Sweden and Norway. Russia is just passing from a semi-barbarous state into a civilized one. With the reign of the present czar, the nation awoke to a new life. The serfs are already set free, and next follows the emancipation of women. In the higher ranks, women are already permitted to enjoy peculiar privileges, and the emperor has given his voice in favor of the higher education of women. In truth, many Russian women were allowed to depart from their country and become students in German universities, until for political reasons, it was deemed best (whether wisely or unwisely it is not for me to say) to recall them. Sweden and Norway have, until a few years past, presented a strange contrast in the condition of their women. Mayhew tells us that " women in Norway occupy a position of superior honor. They have, perhaps, more to do with the real business of life, and more share in those occupations which require the exertion of intellect and study than in England. They enjoy less compliment, but more respect, which all the sensible members of their sex would infinitely prefer. She indeed who provides for a household, under the peculiar domestic arrangements of the country, and presides over its economy, is held in higher estimation. Women, in fact, hold a very just position in http://www.likestill.../english/norway.html Norway , having that influence and participation in its affairs which develop their mental and cultivate their moral qualities. Yet it is far from true that they occupy themselves entirely with the sober business, paying no attention to the elegant arts of life. Many of them adorn themselves also in those lighter accomplishments which gracefully amuse a leisure hour; but they certainly do not exhaust on song or dance, or the embroidery frame, the most valuable powers they possess. The able and observant traveler, Laing, supplies a true picture of their character and position, observing that among the wealthier merchants the state of the female sex is less natural and less to be admired than among the humble classes, which compose the general mass of society. Generally speaking, therefore, women nowhere play a more important part in the affairs of social life, than in that remote and romantic part of Europe. Among the poor the division of labor between the sexes is excellent; all the indoor work is assigned to the women, all the outdoor labor to the men. With respect to the actual morals of Norway, we may assign them the highest rank. The same author from whom I have just quoted, gives the following as the great difference between the institutions of Norway and those of Sweden: "In the former, manners influence the law. In the latter, law attempts to regulate every detail of public manners". The position of women in Sweden has hitherto been an exceedingly inferior one. http://www-rohan.sds...n1/History_Page.html Fredrika Bremer uttered her heartfelt protest against the wrongs done her sex, and others have spoken and are still speaking, so that already these abject conditions are becoming somewhat modified. The present king and queen hold exceedingly liberal ideas and as a consequence, under their rule progress is more rapid. What the condition of women has been in Sweden, and what it no doubt still is, in some degrees may be discovered from the following quotation, also from Mayhew: "Men, says the public law of Sweden, attain their majority at the age of 21 years, but women remain in tutelage during the entire period of their lives, unless the king grants a privilege of exemption; widows, however, are excepted. Men cannot legally marry before the age of 21. Even to this rule there is an exception, for among the peasants of the north it is lawful for a youth of 18 to take a wife. Women may marry immediately after their confirmation, which never takes place before 14. A man may marry without the consent of any one, but a woman must obtain the sanction of her parent or guardian. The condition of women in Sweden is low in comparison with the other countries of Europe, and offers a strong contrast with that which we discover in Norway. Talks are assigned among the humble orders to the female sex, against which true civilization would revolt. They carry sacks, row boats, sift lime, and bear other heavy labors. Among the middle classes they hold an inferior situation; but among the higher, though little respected, they are comparatively free". I have had some conversation with a Swedish lady of intelligence concerning the present status of women in that country, and am gratified to learn that there has been a marked improvement in the condition of women during late years. Those women who show talents of either literature or art, receive great encouragement and the genuine respect of the community. This lady related to me a significant incident concerning higher education for women in Sweden which is really worth repeating. Upsala University [i.e. Uppsala University ] was opened to admit women, and recently a woman bore off the highest prize which had been accorded to any student for years, if not a generation, whereupon it was immediately decided by those having control over the university that it was not expedient to admit women to its privileges in future. The lady said she thought the public voice would be so strong in protest, that they would be obliged to revoke this decision, especially as royalty was in favor of giving women the best educational advantage. There is a marked contrast in the condition of the women of Germany in the different classes of social life. In the higher classes they are intelligent, refined and exceedingly domestic in character. They show an aptitude for study, and since some of the universities have been thrown open to them, they avail themselves eagerly of the opportunity for thorough education. The present crown princess of Prussia, the eldest daughter of Queen Victoria, is, in that country, exerting a strong and most beneficial influence upon society in favor of the higher elevation of women. In the middle classes the women are notable housekeepers, and perhaps, more or less the servants of the men with whom they are connected by marriage or ties of blood. The peasant women are mere slaves and beasts of burden. In this lowest rank in life they perform all the drudgery, while their husbands sit idly by, smoking and watching them. Women in Germany may be seen carrying the hod, wheeling handcarts, plowing, hoeing, chopping wood and engaging in all the menial offices of life, from which they are exempted elsewhere. They are even harnessed to the plow and made to do the labor of horses and mules. A traveler in Austria tells us all this, but goes on to say that these women are strong-minded as well as strong handed, and that their nominal masters suffer in every respect in comparison with them; and that if ever the time comes when political equality shall be extended to the lower class, the women will demand their rights at the same time with the physically and mentally weaker men, and will know how to make a good use of them.In all social revolutions this lowest class is always the hardest and the last to reach, but we may hope for a speedy improvement. In the condition of the women of the upper and middle classes, so that Germany will not long stand behind other nations in this certain evidence of advanced civilization. It is difficult to give any definite idea of the condition of the women of France. It is in many respects most favorable and in others most unfavorable. The Salic Law , which rules in France, and which totally excludes women from the throne, or from any political power whatsoever, has worked disastrously throughout society. Women are unconsciously degraded in the minds of men by the knowledge of this seclusion, and the laws are in many cases unjust to them. As a further consequence, those women who have aspired to political power have been forced to seek it in unrecognized channels and by unfair means. Forbidden to be stateswomen they have sought to influence statesmen, and to acquire by craft that power which they were forbidden to seek directly. Thus, less than a century ago, we had the spectacle of France ruled by an unscrupulous woman through a weak and dissolute monarch. In business relations women in France stand on an exact equality with men. The husband and wife are partners in business, the wife usually the head of the firm, and evincing her capabilities by the superiority and discretion of her management. Nearly all avenues of industry for which they are physically fitted, are open to women. In home life, if we go out of that great, boiling, seething cauldron of immorality - Paris - we find great happiness and fidelity. Husbands live for the love of their wives, just as in certain other countries wives are enjoined to live for the love of their husbands without any hint of mutual obligation. The family tie is very strong in France, and domestic happiness is perhaps the rule. The education of women in not yet all that it should be. The girl is a prisoner by her mother's side until she is sent to the convent, from which she issues to go to the conjugal roof . Even the book education is narrow and superficial - a mere smattering of accomplishments; but of human life and the grand interests of science and the world, the girl knows absolutely nothing. She has been kept jealously from this knowledge as though it would contaminate her. Until this false system of education shall be superseded - until convents shall no longer be the training schools of young girls, and they shall find instead a broad life within coeducational institutions, we shall never know the full capabilities of the French woman. Until that shall be done, and young men shall be taught to look upon all women with respect and consideration, it will probably be found, as it is now, unsafe for any woman to walk alone in the public streets, in broad daylight even. Men and women alike need this education in fellowship. Among the peasant class, French women, like German women, perform much of the drudgery. Indeed this may be said, the world over, of that class which is the farthest removed from complete civilization. I have even seen, in this enlightened America, the wife of a farmer get up at daybreak on a summer morning, chop wood, build fire, draw water, milk one or two cows, and then get breakfast for three or four men who sat idly waiting, and never offered to help her in any way. When I have seen such instances, I have been forced to reflect that we would all be savages still if circumstances had not made us, and that these circumstances seem yet to bring no force to bear on some individuals. The position of women in Spain is one especially humiliating and false. They are kept in ignorance and under restraint, and regarded with suspicion. A recent English writer who has had ample opportunities for witnessing social life in Spain, gives the following account: "In the lower walks of life the Spanish maiden is absolutely a prisoner - the prisoner of her madre or 'tea' [i.e. tia] or aunt - until a kind Providence gives her a husband. No Spanish maiden, however poor, can ever walk alone in the street, even for a few paces; if she do so, her character is gone. She cannot go out to service unless her madre or tea be in the same service; and hence all the 'criadas' or maid servants, are widows, who are allowed to have their children in the master's house under their own eye; or unmarried over 40. The Spanish maiden has her choice of only two walks of life, until married life and a husband's protection become her own. Up to the time of her marriage she may, if her mother and father be alive, go to a tailor's shop each day, returning at night, thus earning a few pence a day, and learning a trade. She is escorted thither and homeward by her mother, whose tottering steps and gray hair often contrast strangely with the upright carriage and stately walk of the daughter by her side. If the Spanish maiden, however, have a mother who is a widow, or who has no settled home with her husband, and is for this cause obliged to go out to service to earn her bread, the maiden will probably be with her mother, and, receiving little or no wages, take an idle share in the household duties, and receive each evening - of course in her madre's presence - the visits of her lover. As to saying a single word, or at least, having a walk or a good English chat alone, the young couple never even dream of such a thing. The mother during this period treats her daughter quite like a child. If she does wrong - no matter though she be on the very eve of marriage - the mother administers a sound beating with her fists, and sometimes even a sound kicking. The Spanish mother has no idea of trusting her daughters, nor does she ever attempt the least religious or moral culture. Her system is to prevent any impropriety simply by external precautions. Mother and daughter, though constantly quarreling, and even coming to blows, are very fond of each other, and the old woman, when they go out shopping together, will carry the heavy basket, or cesta, under the burning sun, that she may not spoil her daughter's queenly walk. Her dull eye, too, will grow moist with a tear, and her worn face will kindle with absolute softness and sweetness, if an English senor express his admiration of her child's magnificent hair or flashing black eyes. The moment, however, that the daughter is married, all this is at an end. The mother, to use a vulgar but expressive phrase, "washes her hands of" her care. From the moment of the completion of the marriage ceremony, the mother declines all responsibility, seldom goes to her daughter's house, and treats her almost as a stranger. "Among the higher classes, although different in kind, the treatment of the young, unmarried maiden is almost as strict. She, too, like her humbler sister, can never have the privilege of seeing her lover in private, and very rarely indeed, if ever, is he admitted into the sala when she is sitting. He may contrive to get a few minutes' chat with her through the barred windows of her sala, but when a Spaniard leads his wife from the altar, he knows no more of her character, attainments and disposition, than does the priest who marries them, and perhaps not so much." With the above graphic description of the life led by Spanish women, and their total want of moral and intellectual culture and discipline, can we wonder that Spain, as a nation, is so degraded, so superstitious and so unstable? The mothers mould the men, and give character to the State. How shall I describe the condition of women in England? In many respects it is as similar to that of women in our own country, that it needs no absolute description, only an indication of points of difference. Among the abject poor, both women and men sink far below the level of degradation and suffering, common to the lowest class in this country. If women in that class have no respect paid to their womenhood, and become mere human machines, the same is true of the men also, with this difference, that between individuals of the two sexes, man is always the master and woman the slave. That is to say, there is always one step below the man which the woman occupies. I need not speak of the injustice which the English common law is guilty of toward women, in nearly all instances in which it recognizes her specially. Every intelligent reader is already familiar with its various details. Besides, public sentiment is fast outgrowing this relic of a barbarous age, and already acts of special legislation are doing the sex tardy justice. But woman's position before the law in England is far inferior to that in the United States. Among the higher classes, women have many social privileges accorded them, and many of them display rare literary and scientific attainments. Some of the choicest scholars, artists and literateurs of the age are English women, whose abilities and performances compare favorably with those of the other sex. The English woman, however, of average attainments, and in the middle walk of life, must lead, as viewed from an American point of view, a monotonous existence. Shut out, as she is, by popular sentiment, from all participation in active life, forbidden in the name of her womanhood to seek a career of her own, her mental growth is stunted, her moral nature developed in abnormal directions, and her energies paralyzed. If she is married, and living in the country, her life must be strictly a domestic one, which can only be varied by indulging in the frivolous pursuits of society, or in the highly enspiriting pastime of district visiting and almoner to the poor. I do not wish to speak lightly of the latter task, only, when viewed as the sole mental and moral relaxation in an otherwise humdrum and narrow life, it seems a little dull, to say the least. But the married woman is, after all, exceedingly fortunate tempered with her single sisters. The unmarried gentlewoman, if left unprotected and without means, has no choice whatever in regard to her future occupation. She must go out as a governess or starve. She would certainly rather do the latter than venture into the many occupations which her more independent and (shall I say it?) sensible American sisters adopt without loss of self-respect or esteem of friends. If she have a little means - even if she be an earl's daughter, or the daughter of a millionaire, she is not likely to have much, unless she is an only child, as the law of primogeniture secures all the real estate to the eldest son; the personal property is needed to start the younger sons in life, and the daughters are not supposed to need more than just enough to secure them from want - she settles down in a narrow home with her maid, and her cat, and her vegetables; becomes intensely respectable, and more narrowed in mind and contracted in ideas as the years roll around. There are tens of thousands of English gentlewomen leading this selfish aimless life, forced thereto by the false ideas of an artificial society, to whom a profession or even a trade, to take their minds and thoughts out of the mean center of their own little worlds and give them an objective interest in life, would awaken them to undreamed of energies, and add a vital force to the physical, intellectual and moral power of the nation. Yet England, with all her conservatism, has taken one step toward radical reform in advance of this country. I refer to household suffrage, in which all possessing a certain qualification, irrespective of sex, are entitled to vote in municipal elections. In these elections women have voted quite as generally as men, and no disastrous results seems to have followed. On the contrary, the positive advantages have been so marked that the fact has proved a strong argument in the mouth of the advocates of female suffrage. However, in a country over which a woman rules, it does not seem incongruous that women should take active part in politics. The strangest thing is that there should be any doubt about the propriety of it. Well, the world moves. What we look forward to today as a goal to be reached, may to a future generation be only a landmark of the past. One thing is certain, as the world goes round, and as nations move in ever ascending circles of progress toward perfect civilization, we behold women becoming freer and freer, and more and more completely recognized as her own mistress, the arbiter of her own fate, and as holding the destiny of the world in her hands. Free men must be mated by free women; and wise men descend from wise mothers.

Subjects: Amusements, Animals / Reptiles, Art, Astronomy, Barber / Hair, Beverages, Business Enterprises, Businesspeople, Charity, Charlemont (MA), Child Abuse, Conservation of Natural Resources, Courtship, Crime, Dance, Dreams / Sleep, Economics, Education, Elections, Emigration and Immigration, English (and England), Etiquette, Eye, Family, Farmers & Farming / Flowers, Fires, Food, French, Germans, History, Horses, Households, Law and Lawyers, Literature / Web Pages, Marriage and Elopement, Masculinity (Machismo), Music, Names, Politics, Poor, Prisons, Prostitution, Religion, Rich People, Roads, Royalty, Science, Smoking and Tobacco, Suffrage, Transportation, Trees, Urbanization / Cities, Vendors and Purchasers, Weather, Widows and Widowers, Women, Words, Work, Superstition, Europe, Russia

Posted by stew - Wed, Jan 26, 2005

Gazette & Courier - Tuesday, November 10, 1874
http://archiver.root...n/2002-02/1013302152 Destitution in Nebraska - That is a sad story of destitution which comes to us from http://www.usgennet..../nature/gallinae.htm Nebraska , caused by the grasshopper raid [ http://www.denver-rm...nnium/0622mile.shtml Rocky Mountain locusts ], except for which the country would have been in enjoyment of abundance. Within 18 hours travel of Chicago, 7000 men, women and children are in actual danger of dying from starvation. In Boone, Greeley, Sherman, Howard, Buffalo and all the other counties 50 miles west of the Mississippi River, 2/3 of the people are destitute of all the necessities of life. They have neither clothing nor shoes, and food is impossible to get. The Chicago Board of Trade has nobly taken hold of the work of aiding the sufferers, and a committee has been appointed, with http://www.hhpl.on.c.../default.asp?ID=s004 George Armour at its head, to take charge of contributions. They will receive and forward contributions of flour, meal, pork or bacon, for food. They want shoes, shawls, blankets, coats, pantaloons and stockings. The facts are such as appeal to human generosity everywhere, and the response should be quick and liberal.

Subjects: Businesspeople, Charity, Children, Disasters, Farmers & Farming / Flowers, Fashion, Food, Insects, Meat, Poor, Rich People, Rivers / Lakes / Oceans, Transportation, Urbanization / Cities, Vendors and Purchasers, Women

Posted by stew - Tue, Jan 18, 2005

Gazette & Courier - Tuesday, November 10, 1874
The Royal Palace in St. Petersburg, which is being refurni

The http://www.cityvisio...istory/grandcity.htm Royal Palace in http://www.hermitage...2/2004/hm12_3_4.html St. Petersburg , which is being refurnished, is to be supplied with 10 fifty light http://www.hermitage.../05/hm5_4_2_1_2.html chandeliers , manufactured in this country.

Subjects: Business Enterprises, Light, Rich People, Roads, Royalty, Russia

Posted by stew - Tue, Jan 18, 2005

Gazette & Courier - Tuesday, November 10, 1874
Cape Colony, Africa, is crazy over reported fresh discoveries of gold fields, and hundreds are flocking to the new diggings Cape Colony , Africa, is crazy over reported fresh discoveries of gold fields, and hundreds are flocking to the new diggings. The new victims are said to be very rich and extensive, and are yielding well.

Subjects: Mines and Mineral Resources, Rich People, Jewelry / Gold / Silver / Treasure

Posted by stew - Sun, Jan 16, 2005

Gazette & Courier - Tuesday, November 10, 1874
Another El Dorado

Another El Dorado - Advices from Cayenne, French Guiana , confirm the discovery of new gold mines, and an expedition is already being formed in that city for the purpose of working the gold bearing territory. The Courrier [sic] des Etats Unis states that some of these mines, recently granted to private individuals by Col. Loubere, Governor of the colony, have yielded 4,000 grammes of gold per month, thus giving an income of more than 100,000 francs a month, or more than 1,200,000 francs a year. On hearing of the existence of such rich mines, the gold fever became general among the colonists, and it is said that many officers resigned their positions and went to the mines in search of the precious metal. The discovery is proving a great source of prosperity for the colony, although good miners are scarce. The governor of Guiana is soon going to France to inform the Government of the condition of the mining district, and it is thought that practical assistance will be rendered the colony in opening this southern El Dorado. The only difficulty experienced thus far is in getting material to the mines, but this is being overcome by a corporation which is building light draft steamers for the rivers. Surface mining is said to be good. The natives work for a small amount per day, and those who purchase rights oversee their men and reap the profits. The expedition will probably start late in November.

Subjects: Business Enterprises, Diseases, Economics, French, Government, Literature / Web Pages, Mines and Mineral Resources, Rich People, Rivers / Lakes / Oceans, Transportation, Vendors and Purchasers, Work

Posted by stew - Sun, Jan 16, 2005

Gazette & Courier - Tuesday, November 10, 1874
Address before the Conway Grange members and others, Oct. 29th, by T.L. Allis. Patrons and friends: It having fallen to

Address before the Conway http://www.geocities...nationalhistory.html Grange members and others, Oct. 29th, by T.L. Allis. Patrons and friends: It having fallen to my lot to request of this association, to open our winter campaign of intellectual exercises this evening, it will be my purpose to call your attention to the fact that it has long been evident to earnest thinkers, that the agricultural interest of the United States, in past years, has been severely oppressed; and in battling for our rights, the Grange is fighting the cause of the whole producing element of the land. When railroad officials meet in convention, those who have had active experience in that line of business, have charge of such meetings and do the talking...But when the producing element of society in general are to be addressed, the custom has been to invite a Lawyer, Politician, Editor, or Doctor to enlighten us in production, farming, or anything else. The idea of a farmer saying anything on such an occasion that would be interesting or instructive, has rarely germinated, and perhaps this occasion will increase your doubts of its practicability...Editorial dissertations to us are, to live more economical, frugal and industrious, must not spend so much time and money to enjoy life, should spend our evenings and rainy days in repairing and remodeling old tools into new ones; that we mustn't harbor such hopes, desires, ambitions and feelings as other classes of humanity exercise; in short, the industrial classes have become too extravagant, so said a manufacturer to me a short time since. How is this?...It is with the farmer in general, that we work too much and think too little...Looking into the halls of Congress, we find that various aspects of the tariff under its present arrangement, constitute one of the serious evils from which the farmers and other consumers are suffering at the present time. For instance, English http://www.holyokema...c/hcv_1879/hadl.html spool cotton , which can be sold in the American market for 4 cents a spool, is burdened with a revenue tax of 85%, which enables the American manufacturer to undersell and competitor and still pocket 50% in his own interest, thus taxing the whole nation for the benefit of a few spool cotton manufacturers. The article of quinine has a 50% duty, thus a 50% tax is exacted from the entire nation as an unreasonable tribute to two or three manufacturers. The price of castor oil about doubled by this system. The heaviest duties are levied upon articles of necessity; 90% on blankets, but 60% on silks; coarse flannels very high, finer grades very light; salt, nearly 100%; diamonds, 10%; woolen goods, 70%; cotton, from 35 to 52. Thus the burden falls heavily upon the middle and poorer classes, struggling people such as cannot afford to use luxuries that make up this enormous tribute to the manufacturers...We want a new Declaration of Independence, one that will require a decided and persistent stand to acquire, a change which money would be freely spent...Next our railroads are made subservient to monopolizing the trade of the locality through which they pass, and their first necessity is to prevent competition...The interests of the road demand that there shall be no interference with it, demonstrating that the interests of the people, and those of railroad companies, to a large extent are antagonistic. Not attempting to go through the details of the nefarious railroad monopolies, there are several self-evident truths which we shall do well to ponder. 1st that the railroad system of these States, which was intended to give the people cheap transportation, has grown into a powerful combination of monopolies; second, that their veritable object seems to be to compel the producer and consumer to pay such rates as they may see fit, and keep them to the highest point. Having gained a decided advantage over the public, they seem determined to resist any efforts of the people to obtain cheap transportation. 3rd that they are systematic in their scheme of plunder, in robbing the nation and individuals, to pay fancy dividends on fictitious stock, regardless of the rights of individuals, practically declaring themselves irresponsible for their doings, by effectually resisting the efforts to render them amenable to the laws. 4th that they are fast making themselves masters of our national and State governments, bribing legislator and purchasing our courts of justice. The boldness of their designs upon the people, of their reckless stock gambling, of their demoralizing of our system of finance, are no imaginary considerations, they are stubborn facts, and as such, the producing and consuming classes must meet intelligently and determinedly, if we expect to secure even a pittance to ourselves. If we would eat the kernel, we must crack the nut. Is this not so? Says a merchant of Philadelphia, a car load of corn was recently shipped to me from central Iowa. The freight and commission charges, with the other expenses, summed up $233.70, and the corn sold for $233.7, leaving a deficit of 7 cents. Another lot sent netted the shippers 5 cents a bushel. A man purchased a bit of corn in Iowa for 13 cents per bushel, sold it in Springfield, Mass. for 69 cents a bushel, making one cent per bushel. The manufacturer can send his goods to the west for 5 to 10%, while the farmer must pay 300% to get his goods to the eastern market. Is there any reason why the Grange organization should be instituted, or why it should be a secret organization?...Perhaps you might step into a room in the great metropolis, about the time of the closing up of navigation in autumn, to behold 3 men representing lines of railways from west to east, sitting around a table with the sparkling wine aboard, considering the pressure of business, do agree to raise freights at the rate of a few cents per bushel; a mere trifle, they say, but to the farmers of the northwest every cent thus added, means taking 6 millions from the value of their product, and scores of millions from the value of their farms. The producers in the hands of such monopolies fares worse than the man of old, who went from http://www.biblereso...7C6A4&method=display Jerusalem to Jericho . Is it any wonder that so large a share of our agriculturists are growing poorer, while those who handle the products of our labor are growing richer? Consider http://www.historyal.../ha20cah/topic18.asp Vanderbilt , for example, was worth scarce his millions 20 years ago, today counts his 50 or 75 millions, who makes no claim of producing scarce a dollar's worth in his life. Is there any evidence here that there is something wrong in this policy; has he rendered a fair and reasonable equivalent for his charges of transportation, and this accumulation? This is the question which he and no other men can dodge. He is considered by no means as a bad man personally, but he represents one of the most despotic monopolies in existence, nor is he the only dangerous character in this line; other corporations have their representatives doing the same thing, only on a smaller scale. Towards what is this class of power drifting? It was said James Fisk, when he had control of 450 miles of the Erie road, through a sparse settled country, could bring 25,000 votes into the field. How much should we be obliged to credit the master of 2150 miles of railway, and 70,000 miles of telegraph? The Central and Hudson River property, which now pays dividends on $115,000,000, is said to have really cost but $35,000,000, so that if there had been no water mixed with the wine, they could have carried passengers for 1 cent a mile and pay the same dividends they do now. The coal trade, from the miner to the producer is monopolized in very much the same strain. How has this state of things been brought about, and who have been the prominent actors to this drama? Brains have been the standpoint from which the present result has emanated, reared up, educated, and cultivated from their youth, in the way of thought and purpose, which has reared high for its motto, acquisition, and is bound to obtain it at all hazards. And what could not be accomplished single handed, combinations and organizations were requisite, and secrecy was found indispensable to the refutation of justice and right in the interchange of trade. Each class of powers, vigilant in their peculiar sphere: Congress framing and enacting such laws as enable the capitalist of whatever occupation, to secure unjust demands through tariffs, fares, freights, agents, taxes and exchange, The greatest of treachery is enacted, confidence secured and then received, the corporations being so defiant, that scarce a man has the boldness or the means to attempt to call them to account, or bring them amenable to the law; now and then a Coleman [possibly William T. Coleman ], who after 5 years of persistent effort for justice, and passing through as many different trials with verdicts in his favor, finally succeeded in getting his damage; of Bartlett & Co. of Boston, whose case is now pending. The corporations are evidently determined to make it so difficult that scarce anyone will dare hazard the attempt to secure justice. Who is to blame for all this? Is there any good reason why the great majority should be oppressed by a small minority? Results are from causes. Consumers, producers, yea, farmers, haven't you had a hand in this? Look at your national government. Who are the men you entrust with this great responsibility? Look at any of the great channels of science, art or industry, and you will find the moving spirit at the head to be a doctor, lawyer, politician; in fact almost any occupation represented but a farmer. These personages rule the nation; they shape the laws to the trade; brains are used by which the world is governed. Of the three kinds of power, wealth, strength and talent, the latter is much the greater. Just think of competing with such men by hoeing corn 14 hours a day and selling it for the small pittance that is realized by our Western farmers. The industrial clauses have had scarce any position or influence in the councils of our nation, being debarred by the want of monied power. We have also debarred ourselves by the want of an exercised and cultivated intellect, And now, brothers and sisters, friends and neighbors of whatever honest pursuit, be assured that the world will use brains, and intelligence will take the places of honor and trust, hoping that honesty will not be wholly ignored in the future; and if we wish to exert an influence on the institutions of the land and have a voice in the price of our commodities, to be in demand for places of honor and trust, we must be more liberal in the expansion of our minds and the cultivation of refined sound, practical thought, and a wise adaption to the exigencies of the age. Such a possessor, be he a farmer or otherwise, will be sought for by the position. The stupidity of being left out in the same old rut by office seekers and designing men, antagonistic to the principle of equal rights and honesty, the settling down with our thoughts and effort enclosed within our own fences will not improve our relation with our fellow men. We must launch forth upon the wave of society, battling with the various schemes of the age, sustaining our agricultural and other institutions designed for the diffusion of science and practical knowledge, enabling us to become acquainted with the various relations of the soil and its productions, and the financial interest which one branch of business is made to exert upon another; the various communities in which we have an interest, both wholesale and retail, the cost of transportation and other items that effect our financial relation with our fellow men; in short, to post ourselves so thoroughly as will enable us to detect any attempt to exorbitancy in demand as has been carried on in the years of the past. Ladies as well as gentlemen, you are all interested in this matter, and the more thoroughly you become acquainted with relative business the less fears you will have, and the more confidence you will possess. Do you ask what course I shall take to gain such ends? I answer you, http://www.nationalg...artments/success.htm join the Grange . Oh! you do not like secret organizations. Have you ever been a member of any? If not, upon what ground do you object to them, mere hearsay or bigoted prejudice? You know nothing about them, and may as well think that your silent neighbor is thinking evil and devising wrong, at that, because men and women of a certain order do not go out and make known to the world their plans and purposes. Any business man who should adopt such a course would be obliged to go begging for appreciative listeners. The secret feature of the order of Patrons is the minding of your own business arrangement; it injures none of the departments of phrenology but the bump of curiosity. How is it that those who join, men who in all other things are honest business men, men who do not have time or taste for trifling, are the most firm friends and advocates of the order, while lovers of improvement and enjoyment have no objection whatever? The inference naturally drawn from the conversation and actions of dealers is that farmers have no right to step outside of the retail channels to make purchases. Nobody denies the right to live, unless criminally forfeited. To merchants, manufacturers, mechanics or laborers, they should be granted this right at any lawful, legitimate calling they may see fit to select. The right to earn a living implies the right to acquire a business upon such inducements as one may hold out to the public in his particular line with the unqualified right on the part of people to buy of whom, and at what price they choose. As long as a dealer can hold out bargains that will draw the crowd he may expect to succeed. The inherent and business right to go from one store to another in town, seeking satisfactory goods and bargains, confines the right to go where we please and in such combinations as we please. The fact that there has been a savings of millions of dollars to the producers in this land by the establishment of the Grange is wonderfully confirmed. It is exerting a powerful influence through the land, and the more thorough its declaration of principles are carried out the greater the benefit to the masses. When the mercantile class are convinced that their customers thoroughly understand the market value of their purchases, policy will bind them within the limits of fair profits in order to secure the trade. Having merely alluded to the principles of secrecy in the carrying out of the many schemes which we have considered, I now propose to pause and consider this item in connection with our order. Charity, though ne'er so secret, finds a just reward against which the deaf ear of prejudice has been voluminous in its ejaculations of the past. Twas not the secrecy of the monopolies' council that produced this unjust state of affairs which we have considered tonight; but the carrying out of the nefarious purposes of the actors. In all charitable institutions, organized for the mutual enjoyment and benefit of each other, there should be an influence cultivated from which savory inhalations may be personified to others. whatever may have been the cause of the reiterations of the past, our basis of principle is not to adopt any code or agreement conflicting with justice or equity towards our fellow beings. Let us strive in all our endeavors to make wrong right, bad good, and good better. Mankind were [sic] never made to think alike in all matters, but let us live the principles we profess in deeds more than years, in thought more than breaths, and I shall have no fears of secrecy in the Grange. Not one moment do I hesitate to consider it justifiable in aiding and abetting all movements and schemes that are for the establishment of justice and equity between man and man; yea, more, I believe it a duty to subvert the schemes of designing men to monopolize trade in its various forms to such a degree as to extract unreasonable and ruinous exactions from the various industries of the land. Still more, that the principles of justice and equity might prevail in our legislative halls, in our court; and that honesty might be unfurled as the motto in high places. These are the principles underlying the Grange secrecy of which some are afraid, but which haven't caused me one wakeful hour. 50 years ago there was but little incentive to secret organizations, no railroads to monopolize, but a slight call for lobbying; corruption was in its infancy of germination. Since then we have built 67,000 miles of railroad, we have grown up a generation of the 18th century vipers who have been installed into railroad kings, salaried officials, monopolies, political intriguers, Credit Mobiliers, salary grabbers, Tammany rings, defalcators, speculators, agencies, and smaller trash, and the whole combined in their various secret causes. Do you believe these organizations would have coupled secrecy with their designs if it were not for the promotion of their purposes? By no means. The producing classes of this country, call them Grangers, Sovereigns or what you please, feel that the exigency of the age has forced the ideal of secrecy upon them, and we don't hesitate to adopt it, men and women; and if necessary to meet secrecy; and to push it into the future, not by party politics, but by the principles of the position, seeking the man, until a more general equity of justice and right shall be exercised among all classes and occupations, and man may be viewed by his fellow man in accordance with the Creator's standard.

Subjects: Art, Boston (MA), Business Enterprises, Businesspeople, Charity, Charlemont (MA), Clubs, Coal, Conway (MA), Connecticut, Crime, Criminals, Economics, Education, Elections, English (and England), Farmers & Farming / Flowers, Food, Furniture, Gambling, Government, Hampshire / Hampden Counties, Handicapped, History, Law and Lawyers, Liquors, Literature / Web Pages, Medical Personnel, Mines and Mineral Resources, Politics, Poor, Quacks and Quackery, Recycled Products, Rich People, Rivers / Lakes / Oceans, Robbers and Outlaws, Royalty, Sales, Science, Show Business, Stores, Retail, Telegraphs / Telephones, Trains, Transportation, Urbanization / Cities, Vendors and Purchasers, Weather, Women, Work, Jewelry / Gold / Silver / Treasure, Grange, National

Posted by stew - Sun, Jan 16, 2005

Gazette & Courier - Monday, November 2, 1874
Robbery of a New York miser

Robbery of a New York miser - Luther Bryant, the victim of that singular robbery committed in New York recently, has had quite an eventful history. He was born up in Cummington, in Hampshire County, in 1801, where his father [ http://www.2020site..../william_bryant.html Peter Bryant ; and his brother was William Cullen Bryant] was practicing medicine.

At the age of 14 he graduated from Williams college, and spent the following two or three years traveling in Europe. On his return he adopted his father’s profession, practiced many years in Burlington Vt., and in 1848 removed to Charleston S.C., where he remained until the breaking out of the war, when he went to New York, and began business in a small way as a buyer and seller of old coins. In addition to this he realized a handsome profit by buying mutilated currency at a large discount; which he had redeemed at the full value.

His stand was placed against the iron railing of the old North Dutch Church, where for 13 years he plied his vocation from 8 o’clock in the morning until 2 o’clock in the afternoon, summer or winter, after which he retired to a restaurant, and then to his home on Forsyth Street, where he occupied two small rooms on the third floor of a tenement house. It was seldom that any person was admitted to this retreat, and Bryant had secured it as he thought against thieves, by means of locks, chains and bolts, which probably would have defied their skill, had not a conspiracy been formed, in which the principle actor was a man who represented himself to be a private detective, by which the old coin dealer was arrested on a trumped up charge of receiving stolen postage stamps to a large amount, and committed to the Tombs in default of $500 bail.

The warden, who saw at a glance that this prisoner was no ordinary man, gave him a good cell, which happened to be the one once occupied by Stokes, the murderer of Jim Fisk. Here he remained 5 days, during which the treasure in his rooms was left unguarded, his friends on the floor below not knowing of his arrest...He quietly exclaimed in great agony, "I shall be robbed, I shall be robbed" and subsequently his worst fears were realized.

Late on Sun. night, October 11, a resident of the tenement house saw a carriage driving rapidly away from it, and early the next morning a little Irish girl, on going to the outer door of Mr. Bryant’s rooms to leave some clothing, found it open and the room in great disorder. All the drawers of a large bureau, including a secret one in which the eccentric old man kept his coin, of which there was $70,000 worth at the time in $20 pieces, were piled upon the floor.

A strong trunk, which had also contained about $12,000 in coin and $30,000 worth of property, legal tender notes, currency and jewelry, was found empty. When the sad intelligence was communicated to Mr. Bryant, he was entirely unnerved and conducted himself like the insane. After a few hours, however, he became calmer and was released on his own recognizance to appear for trial on the charge preferred against him by the "private detective".

He has since offered a reward of $500 for the recovery of the property and the arrest of the thief or thieves, though the superintendent of police expresses little hope of recovering the property, on account of its being so easily disposed of.

Subjects: Births, Business Enterprises, Children, Connecticut, Crime, Criminals, Economics, Education, Emigration and Immigration, Family, Fashion, Furniture, Hampshire / Hampden Counties, Households, Insanity, Irish, Law and Lawyers, Mail, Medical Personnel, Murder, Police, Prisons, Religion, Rich People, Roads, Robbers and Outlaws, Sales, Transportation, Vacations, Vendors and Purchasers, Vermont, Work, Europe, Jewelry / Gold / Silver / Treasure

Posted by stew - Wed, Jan 12, 2005

Gazette & Courier - Monday, November 2, 1874
(Buckland) Samuel Ward has raised two Jersey peach blow potatoes that weighed 2 lbs. and 3 ounces each, and a number that weighed

(Buckland) Samuel Ward has raised two Jersey http://www.rootsweb....ta/souvenir/farm.htm peach blow potatoes that weighed 2 lbs. and 3 ounces each, and a number that weighed a pound and over, raised on Republican ground.

Subjects: Buckland (MA), Farmers & Farming / Flowers, Food, Rich People

Posted by stew - Sun, Jan 9, 2005

Gazette & Courier - Monday, November 2, 1874
Some time ago a German came from fatherland [sic] to Cincinnati with $10,000 to invest. On the advice of his bankers he purchased some government bonds. He has drawn his interest on them regularly an

Some time ago a German came from fatherland [sic] to Cincinnati with $10,000 to invest. On the advice of his bankers he purchased some government bonds. He has drawn his interest on them regularly and was pleased with his investment. Last Wed. he called on his bankers to direct his bonds to be sold. "What is the trouble?" was asked. "Why do you sell them?" The reply came quickly: "I don’t like these Democratic victories. I am afraid of them. They talk too much of repudiation". The bonds were sold. With the proceeds a draft was bought on Hamburg, and the money is on its way back to the old country. This is one of the fruits of the Democratic victory over which the world is cackling with the sense of an old hen.

Subjects: Birds, Economics, Emigration and Immigration, Family, Germans, Government, Politics, Rich People, Sales, Vendors and Purchasers

Posted by stew - Fri, Dec 31, 2004

Gazette & Courier - Monday, October 26, 1874
A Texas millionaire

A Texas millionaire - In southwestern Texas there is a cattle raiser who has lived there 20 years. On going there he picked up a dozen cows and branded them. He had no land, but was the possessor of a wife, two or three guns, a few dogs, and 2 or 3 horses. He kept watch of his cows, and lived in a hand-to-mouth way for several years, subsisting his family by the capture of game and the sale of skins. In May 1873 he owned 30,000 head of cattle, duly branded, ranging over the plains. He has a family of 9 children, 5 of whom are boys. His eldest child is a girl 19 years of age. She can rope a steer, kill a wolf with a rifle, or strangle a dog at arm's length. In the man's house is a nail keg nearly filled with gold coin, while in the pantry is a flour barrel almost filled with silver pieces. When he sells cattle it is for coin, which is dumped on the premises. He will not take paper money at any rate, but is always ready to sell steers for gold or silver. His boys are all familiar with guns, horses, dogs and cattle. In a few years they will have literally cart loads of money, provided robbers do not make a raid upon them, in which case from man, wife, boys, girls, dogs, and shot guns, the robbers would be apt to get more bullet holes than bullion. The house occupied by this prosperous family is low, built of logs, containing 3 rooms. The father and mother sleep in the dining room; the girls sleep in the spare room, while the boys sleep in the addition. The girls do not know much about http://www.honitonla...istory/lace/lace.htm Honiton lace or the opera, but they understand how to work.

Subjects: Animals / Reptiles, Business Enterprises, Children, Crime, Criminals, Dreams / Sleep, Economics, Fashion, Food, Horses, Households, Masculinity (Machismo), Meat, Music, Poor, Rich People, Robbers and Outlaws, Sales, Trees, Women, Work, Architecture / Construction

Posted by stew - Fri, Dec 31, 2004

Gazette & Courier - Monday, October 26, 1874
Social ostracism at the South

Social ostracism at the South - Quoting a statement that many ex-Confederates are seeking their fortunes successfully in this city and elsewhere in the North, the Indianapolis Journal says: "The reception and treatment of such men in New York and in other Northern cities furnishes a striking contrast to the treatment of Northerners who have been rash enough to seek their fortunes in the South. In a Northern city no one thinks of inquiring where a man comes from, or as to his political antecedents. If he has capital, brains or enterprise he receives a warm welcome from business men and if he has moral worth, culture, and intelligence, he soon finds his way into the best social circles". Thus, there is no part of the North where any man cannot settle with the perfect assurance of receiving a business and social recognition in exact accordance with his ability and merits. Nothing of this is true in the South. A Northern man with Northern principles cannot settle in any town or city of the South without being subjected to a system of business persecution and social ostracism, such as no spirited man can submit to. Everybody knows that after the close of the war there was a strong disposition on the part of many enterprising men from the North to move to the South...As a consequence, the better class of Northern immigrants were soon driven out, and none remained but such as were willing to adopt Southern views, conceal their sentiments, or submit to the ostracism for the sake of getting office. Another consequence was that the negroes and the so-called carpetbaggers were absolutely forced into an alliance, offensive and defensive. Thus, from whatever standpoint the matter is viewed, we are forced always to the same conclusion, that the slow progress to reconstruction in the South, and the present prostration of the Southern States, are owing mainly to the folly, the malignity, and the bad faith of the southern people.

Subjects: African-Americans / Blacks, Business Enterprises, Businesspeople, Economics, Emigration and Immigration, Politics, Racism, Rich People, Urbanization / Cities, War / Weaponry, Work

Posted by stew - Sun, Dec 26, 2004

Gazette & Courier - Monday, October 5, 1874
Queer old fellow

Queer old fellow - Don Bartoleme Bianco, who died a short time ago at New York, and left 3 millions to be disposed of by will, made his will in 1815. Nearly all of his relatives are in Spain, and to obtain the benefit of his will they must all come to America and reside here. Bianco was a great Catholic, and loyal to the church. He left $500 cash to every church in the city. But strange enough, he left $1000 in his will to the American Bible Society. He was a very eccentric old man, and one of his customs was queer enough. He never gave to street beggars or tramps. But every Fri. he drew from the bank $50. He drew it in 5 cent pieces. These he put into a basket and laid it on his desk at 13 William Street. Everybody who called on that day between certain hours got 5 cents. His office resembled a hogshead of sugar with flies around it. All the vagrants in the city knew the habits of the old man, and availed themselves of his bounty. He was a sort of transcendental Catholic. He wanted everybody to be in the true church...If they would not be they might go to heaven their own way.

Subjects: Animals / Reptiles, Charity, Curiosities and Wonders, Economics, Emigration and Immigration, Family, Food, History, Insects, Literature / Web Pages, Obituaries, Old Age, Religion, Rich People, Tramps, Urbanization / Cities, Europe

Posted by stew - Sun, Dec 26, 2004

Gazette & Courier - Monday, October 5, 1874
(Bernardston) In a green and fertile village, surrounded by neat and well kept farm

(Bernardston) In a green and fertile village, surrounded by neat and well kept farm-houses stands Powers Institute . Located in the central part of the quiet and lovely village of Bernardston, and standing as it does upon elevated ground with trees and shrubs in the foreground, it presents a scene of rural beauty during the spring and summer months. Noted far and near for its educational advantages and peaceful surroundings, there is always a goodly number of pupils in attendance. The present term is a full one, there being 114, which speaks well for the school and the principal, A.J. Sanborn, who is a perfect gentleman in every sense of the word; kind and affable, a smile and a pleasant word for all, both big and low, rich and poor; loved and respected by all and envied by none. The poor scholar receives the same kind care and attention as the rich, pride and arrogance receive no aid or support from him. Herein lays [i.e. lies] his great success as a teacher. May prosperity and a long life be thy reward, friend Sanborn. Mrs. Jennes, his assistant, is a worthy lady much loved by her pupils, and one whom it can truly be said: "None knew her but to love her ' None name her but to praise". Powers Institute has always ranked high in public favor, but never so high as now; its star of prosperity is in the ascendancy, and so it will ever be, upward and onward. And the good people of B. are worthy of all honor and praise for sustaining this school with heart and hand for the purpose of educating their sons and daughters, that they may go forth into the world with that which is better than silver or gold, a good education, which will enable them to fill places of honor and trust among the great and good of this happy land.

Subjects: Astronomy, Bernardston (MA), Children, Education, Family, Households, Names, Poetry, Poor, Rich People, Trees, Women, Words, Work

Posted by stew - Sun, Dec 26, 2004

Gazette & Courier - Monday, October 5, 1874
A Chinaman on Confucius

A Chinaman on Confucius - http://www.chiasmus....smus/confucius.shtml Confucius and his http://www.wamware.c...nfucianism/wayne.htm Religion " was the topic of an interesting lecture in the http://www.kellscraf...onillustrated05.html Parker Memorial Hall at Boston Sun. morning, by http://www.asiansina...eum/0304_museum.html Wong Chin Foo [one of the first Asian American activists], A Chinese political refugee. By many Chinese and people of other nations, said the speaker, the subject of the discourse was held to be a supreme being, but by one educated, he was only regarded as a holy teacher. He then passed to notice briefly the events in the life of Confucius. Born 2300 years ago among circumstances which, as detailed by tradition were similar to those attendant on the birth of Christ, he was named, as were most Chinese, with three names, one given by his mother, the second at school, and the third conferred upon him in after life. Just here he desired to explain the name. The Chinese always spoke their name backward, the surname coming first, Confucius being then called Fucius Con, or in a free translation, Professor Coon. To recur to the great man's history: at 4 years of age, Confucius was considered a most learned lad, and for his very high intellectual attainments he received many distinctions. He early attained to an honorable public position, but this he soon gave up to devote himself to the good of his fellow man, and to the raising up of his people. He searched diligently the laws of humanity, and traced them eagerly to their source. He worked not in the ordinary way, upon the lower classes, but upon the higher, so that at one time he had as many as 500 mandarins under his teaching.He ended his life at 70, the latter days of which were bittered by imprisonment and persecution. His name was not born to die, and today saw his name covered with glory. In all Chinese cities a temple of honor was built to his memory, every family had a tablet in his remembrance, set up in the house itself, and a holiday was observed once every year in his honor. The speaker then explained at considerable length in the close of his address, the tenet of Confucius' teachings, which in brief might be summed up as included in 5 great principles, gravity, propriety, sincerity, virtue, and filial piety.

Subjects: Births, Boston (MA), Children, Chinese, Education, Emigration and Immigration, Family, History, Holidays, Households, Law and Lawyers, Names, Obituaries, Politics, Prisons, Racism, Religion, Rich People, Urbanization / Cities, Women, Work

Posted by stew - Sun, Dec 26, 2004

Gazette & Courier - Monday, October 5, 1874
A Singular Romance (story from the Elmira Gazette) [Purports to be the true story of a secret marriage performed 20 years earlier of a rich Englishman and a girl from Dundee, Yates County, N.Y. named

A Singular Romance (story from the Elmira Gazette) [Purports to be the true story of a secret marriage performed 20 years earlier of a rich Englishman and a girl from Dundee, Yates County, N.Y. named Candace Talmadge. Supposedly the gentleman returned to England to tell the family of his marriage, and there were accidents, people died, and then the gentleman went insane, only rallying long enough to tell his siblings about the secret bride. Supposedly they found her and returned with her to England to give her a large fortune bequeathed to her by her now dead husband. Take with a large grain of salt].

Subjects: Accident Victims, Accidents, Courtship, English (and England), Italians, Literature / Web Pages, Marriage and Elopement, Rich People

Posted by stew - Sun, Dec 26, 2004

Gazette & Courier - Monday, September 28, 1874
Mr. David Lee Child died at Wayland on Fri. last, at the age of 80. He graduated at Harvard College in 1817, and was a classmate of Mr. David Lee Child died at Wayland on Fri. last, at the age of 80. He graduated at Harvard College in 1817, and was a classmate of http://www.earlyrepu...20George%201800-1891: George Bancroft , Caleb Cushing , Stephen Salisbury , the late Samuel J. May and other eminent men. He was the some time sub master of the Boston Latin School, the associate of the late http://www.argiropol...biografias/gould.htm Benjamin A. Gould . He went to Spain as a volunteer, and was connected with one of the revolutions in that country on the liberal side. In 1828 he married Miss Lydia Maria Francis [Child], the well and widely known author and philanthropist. In conjunction with his wife he became the editor at one time of the Anti-Slavery Standard, and was an uncompromising abolitionist, when it was most unpopular to do such. Mr. Childs was for several years a resident of Northampton.

Subjects: African-Americans / Blacks, Buckland (MA), Businesspeople, Charity, Education, Emigration and Immigration, Hampshire / Hampden Counties, Marriage and Elopement, Obituaries, Politics, Rich People, Women, Work, Europe

Posted by stew - Sun, Dec 26, 2004

Gazette & Courier - Monday, September 28, 1874
The threefold issue

The threefold issue - Three of the great questions of former years will unite in dividing the care, interest and votes in the ensuing fall election, namely temperance and the tunnel; to these, for Franklin County, at least, must be added a third, the election of a United States Senator. Temperance - As has been evident since the action of the Legislature at its last session, upon the policy of a license law, the suppression of the State constabulary force and the various vetoes of Gov. Talbot, the question of temperance bids fair to be the leading battle throughout the state. It will doubtless come in the form of prohibition vs. license. Now just here I wish to say that I do not think a person may not be a true temperance man, and still think a license better than a prohibitory law, but because one or many such thus think, it is no reason why a believer in prohibition should waver or fail to stand up to his highest instincts of truth and right. There is a view in which such sumptuary laws as the prohibitory liquor law, seems an invasion of "private right". The fact that mankind have such a fierce desire, such a passion for strong drink, almost inclines to the belief of its necessity in the economy of life. It is often said, that no man "in health" needs alcoholic stimulants, but granting this and the question at once arises, who of all the countless sons of men are in perfect health? Who have escaped the physical and moral taint which previous generations have intermixed and commingled with the very texture of life?...In the eye of the law, society is everything, the individual nothing...[The majority of the people want temperance] for the public peace, for the suppression of crime, the decrease of pauperism, and to prevent the robbery of their estates through the forms of taxation for the maintenance of the victims of drink...Franklin County, with no large towns to subserve the liquor interest, should look well to the animus of its representatives the coming election...[Frequently one hears said] ’that there is more drunkenness now than ever before"...for myself the argument never had a particle of force, as I never could understand the logic, that the fewer and more restricted the places of sale, the greater the aggregate quantity sold...There is no trouble in getting all the liquor wished now, provided it is to be used properly for its legitimate uses, but when the issue is for open bars, for the setting forth of liquor as a good thing for a beverage, I do not believe this county will go back upon its well known principles...No man can allow the liquor interest to succeed, that a few may be rich at the expense of the many, or rather at the expense of maintaining an increased criminal class, with all it portends. I apprehend the time will come when it will be found a temperance measure to discriminate between the strong fiery liquor and the undistilled ales and beers, but if it must be all or nothing, then the present shut off is infinitely preferable. The Hoosac Tunnel will be the second great item of concern - the tunnel line, its location and development...If possible the towns along the northwestern part of the State should pull together. Northern Berkshire, Franklin and northern Worcester should know their minds and knowing be prepared to accept a judicious and wise policy for the good of the locality as a whole...The question of United States Senator will enter into the legislative makeup, largely, and that Franklin County should be especially interested is but natural...I will say that the time has not yet come when the State can dispense with the services of Mr. Washburn...(P.).

Subjects: Bars (Drinking establishments), Beverages, Crime, Criminals, Drunkenness, Elections, Fires, Government, Hoosac Tunnel (MA), Law and Lawyers, Liquors, Massachusetts, Police, Poor, Rich People, Robbers and Outlaws, Sales, Temperance, Trains, Berkshire County (MA)

Posted by stew - Sun, Dec 26, 2004

Gazette & Courier - Monday, October 19, 1874
President Grant among the Indians

President Grant among the Indians - The President has extended his Western visit to the Indian Territory. The Governor of the Choctaw Nation, the Legislature, Judges of Courts, and other officers of the Choctaw Government, together with a large number of citizens, met the President’s party on the 12th. Mr. McGee King, on the part of the Government made the welcoming speech to the President, thanking him and the great white race for the civilization and progress which the Indians had made and especially for the friendship the President had always shown to the Indian people, the venerable Governor of the Choctaw Nation, Pytchlin, acting as interpreter. The President in reply spoke as follows: "I have been very much gratified in passing through your country to note the many evidences of progress among your people. I am glad to see you engaged in the raising of stock, and I think in a country so well adapted as this to that branch of industry, you can not fail to become wealthy and prosperous. I have always endeavored to protect the Indians from wrong and injustice, and to give them every just right. In future years, should I again have the pleasure of passing through your country, I hope to see great fields of cotton and other products that your soil and climate are well adapted to produce. I have no doubt but that in time you will become among the most wealthy citizens of the United States. You have a soil and climate that justifies me in saying this to you. I am much pleased to meet so many sons of the Choctaw nation". The presidential party comprise the President and Mrs. Grant, Mrs. Sharp, Mr. and Mrs. Borie an Gen. Babcock. At St. Louis the party was joined by Gen. Harney, Mrs. John Dent, and Miss Shields. General Sherman met the party at Sedalia and accompanied them to Denison. On his return to Caddo he took his departure for Fort Still. The party goes by special trains over the various lines of railways to Fort Leavenworth and thence to Springfield and Chicago. At Muscogee, in the Creek nation, about 50 members of the Creek council, the president of the senate and speaker of the house came from Ocmulgee, the capital of the nation, to greet the President. There was a very large concourse of citizens at the depot. A joint committee of the Senate and House was instructed to present an address of welcome to the President. Mr. Porter delivered the following address:..."The Indians look upon you as a friend to their people. They feel confident that you, while occupying the elevated station you now fill with so much honor to the whole country, will guard sacredly the rights of all, however weak and defenseless they may be...He will long be remembered by the people of the Indian territory as the first president that ever visited their country.

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Posted by stew - Sun, Dec 26, 2004

Gazette & Courier - Monday, October 19, 1874
Advice to young ladies

Advice to young ladies - Sensible tale by Dr. Dio Lewis. Now ladies! I will preach to you just a little sermon, about an inch long. I don’t often preach, but in this case nothing but a sermon will do. First, you are perfect idiots to go on in this way. Your bodies are the most beautiful of God’s creations. In the Continental galleries I always saw groups of people about the pictures of women. It was not passion; the gazers were just as likely to be women as men; it was because of the wondrous beauty of a woman’s body. Now stand with me at my office window and see a lady pass. There goes one! Now isn’t that a pretty looking object? A big hump, 3 big lumps, a wilderness of crimps and frills, a hauling up of the dress here and there, an enormous, hideous mass of false hair piled on the top of her head, surmounted by a little hat, ornamented with bits of lace, birds’ tails, etc. The shop windows tell us, all day long, of the paddings, whalebones, and steel springs which occupy most of the space within that outside ring. In the name of the simple, sweet sentiments which cluster about a home, I would ask, how is a man to fall in love with such a piece of compound, doubled and twisted; touch me not artificially, as you see in that wiggling curiosity? Secondly. With that wasp waist squeezing your lungs, stomach, liver, and vital organs into one half their natural size, and with that long tail dragging on the ground, how can any man of sense, who knows life is made up of use, of service, of work, how can he take such a partner? He must be desperate indeed to unite himself for life with such a fettered, half-breathing ornament. Thirdly. Your bad dress and lack of exercise lead to bad health, and men wisely fear that instead of a helpmate, they would get an invalid to take care of. This bad health in you, just as in men, makes the mind as well as the body faddled and effeminate. You have no power, no magnetism! I know you giggle freely and use big adjectives, such as "splendid", "awful", but then this don’t deceive us, we see through it all. You are superficial, affected, silly, you have none of that womanly strength and warmth which are so assuring and attractive to men. Why, you have become so childish and weak minded that you refuse to wear decent names even, and insist upon baby names even. Instead of Helen, Margaret, and Elizabeth, you affect Nellie, Maggie, and Lizzie. When your brothers were babies, you called them Dobby, Dicky, and Johnny; but when they grew up to manhood, no more of that silly trash, if you please. But I know a woman of 25 years, and she is as big as both of my grandmothers put together, and her real name is Catherine, and though her brain is big enough to conduct affairs of State, she does nothing but giggle, cover up her face with her fan, and exclaim once in four minutes, "Don’t now; you are real mean". How can a man propose a life partnership to such a silly goose? My dear girls, you must, if you would get husbands, and decent ones, dress in plain, neat, becoming garments, and talk like sensible, earnest sisters. You say that the most sensible men are crazy after these butterflies of fashion. I beg your pardon; it is not so. Occasionally a man of brilliant success may marry a weak, silly woman; but to say, as I have heard women say a hundred times, that the most sensible men choose women without sense is simply absurd. Nineteen times in 20, sensible men choose sensible women. I grant you that in company they are very likely to chat and toy with these overdressed and forward creatures; but they don’t ask them to go to the altar with them. Fourthly. Among the young man in the matrimonial market, only a very small number are independently rich, and in America such very rarely make good husbands. But the number of those who are just beginning in life, who are filled with noble ambition, who have a future, is very large. These are worth having. But such will not - and dare not - ask you to join them, while they see you so idle, silly, and gorgeously attired. Let them see that you are industrious, economical, with habits that secure health and strength, that your life is honest and real, that you would be willing to begin at the beginning in life with the man you would consent to marry, then marriage would become the rule, and not, as now, the exception (Boston Congregationalist).

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Posted by stew - Sun, Dec 26, 2004

Gazette & Courier - Monday, October 19, 1874
Chinese Death City (from Temple Ba[r]?) Chinese Death City (from Temple Ba[r]?) - One of the most striking and interesting sights in China is the death cities, inhabited by the dead only. They are usually situated a few miles from the living ones, and have no parallel that I know of anywhere. I shall essay to convey an idea of the one outside of Canton , which I visited in company with a friend thoroughly versed in Chinese matters. It presents at first sight the appearance of any other Chinese city, with the exception of the dead silence, dearth of movement, and a sort of atmosphere which felt vapid and stagnant. There were the same narrow streets paved with cobble stones, and the same quaint little square houses with the elaborate screen in the doorway instead of a door, the little latticed Venetian window frames whence the Chinese woman satisfies her curiosity as to what is going on in the outside world, But here no eyes peeped through, no figures glided in and out from behind the scene, no pattering feet of bearer coolies smoothed the cobble stones, no cry of vendor of fruit and fish broke the dull monotony. The streets intersected each other and ran in crooked zigzags, as most Chinese streets do. Here and there were patches of green ground planted with cadaverous, sapless flowers, looking as though they had been struck with paralysis. A few dwarfed shrubs looked languidly up, seeming as though they could not put forth more than one leaf in a century. There was no hum of insects or flies, not even the ubiquitous mosquito. Not so much as a rat ran across the silent streets, which we traversed for some time, experiencing with terrible acuteness the irksome jar of our own footfall. My companion suggested that we should enter one of the houses ; we therefore stepped behind the screne [i.e. screen] and found our selves in an ordinary Chinese parlor or receiving room, furnished with the usual black ebony chairs and teaposey, with the quaint, gaudy pictures looking perspective, which we might fancy are hung in sheer perversity perpendicular instead of horizontally, commencing at the ceiling and extending to the floor in a narrow strip, the figures appearing on various stages as upon a ladder. At one end of the room was the altar, which adorns the principal apartment of every Chinese house, sustaining some ferocious looking joss, which represent either saint or demi-god. On either side were brass urns containing smouldering incense, and in the front cups of tea and samshoo. I do not know if the tea was hot; I did not taste it for it is ill to step in a dead man's shoes, it must be worse to drink a dead man's tea. In the center of the room was a bulky article which looked like ottoman or divan, covered with a quilted http://www.findartic...159/ai_n6149387/pg_2 silk counterpane or mastordy, such as are used on Chinese beds, and it might have passed for one of those most uncomfortable articles of furniture. But it was hollow, and within it lay the inhabitant of the dwelling, sleeping in his last long sleep, never more to rise, never more to sip the hot tea or http://www.webster-d...t/definition/Samshoo samshoo , though it waited there prepared for him; never to light any more joss stick to his ancestors, but to have them lit for him by his posterity. There were other chambers in the house similarly furnished, except that the mastordy was thrown back and displayed an empty coffin, which lay ready lined with sandalwood, its owner not being yet dead. The veranda was furnished with the usual green porcelain seats and vases in which seemed to stagnate the bloodless flowers. We stole softly out into the street, chilled and painfully, yet not mournfully impressed. We went into the next door; this house was "to let, unfurnished". A third was rich in gilding and vermilion, and mirrors reflected and glittered through the rooms. The ebony and ivory furniture was most beautifully carved. The tea and samshoo cups were of exquisite egg shelf [possibly shell?] china, objets de vertu lay about on the altar emblazoned with rare jewels. The bed was covered with a magnificent crimson velvet quilt, richly embroidered with gold and seed pearls, with a deep bullion fringe worth its weight in gold. Under the quilt lay a high mandarin, who had amassed an enormous fortune by the very simple process of chopping off the heads of all such as he discovered to be possessed of money. I was informed that he had immense money with him in his coffin, and was adorned with all his jewels and costly mandarin dress. The coffin or state bed on which he lay cost 1000 pounds. The outer one was of ebony, beautifully inlaid with gold, silver, ivory and mother of pearl. The minor case was of the famous iron wood from Borneo or Burmah, considered more invulnerable than metal, as it neither rusts nor decays, and defies the white ants. Within that there was a sandalwood shell lined with velvet, the body highly spiced to preserve it. The furniture of the house might well exceed a thousand pounds. The altar cloth and hangings were of rich embroidered silk, with a profusion of gold fringe, and the lattice filagree [i.e. filigree], which the Chinese are so fond of introducing everywhere, as of gilt and vermilion. The floor was of inlaid marble. Wandering about in this oddly dreary place, which was neither mirth or woe, the painful stillness and the heavy atmosphere being the only elements which inspired awe, my nerves, nevertheless received a sudden shock, which, just as I was examining the decorations of an apparently new visitor, speaking in whispers and raising the mastordy, a shrill shriek made me start, drop the mastody and clutch my companion by the arm, and for a minute I could scarcely conceal my fright. He laughed, for it was only the crowing of a cock, but I declare St. Peter was never more startled. But this was a proof that the corpse was a fresh one; as the white cock, with a colored feather, which accompanies the coffin, is usually left there, when the body merely goes into lodgings. If really interred, I believe it is killed and eaten. In another portion of the city we saw several of them, though I think they were past crowing. Some of the interior walls of the house were decorated with portraits supposed to represent the defunct; on the toilet tables were the brass basins used for ablutions, and in one where there was a portrait of a lady who must have been a Chinese beauty, there was a large pot of red paint and another of white, which the Chinese use unsparingly; by the side of that lay her jade comb and silver pins, and the gum which was used to stiffen her hair. We quitted the city nothing loth. We seemed to breathe more freely when fairly outside the pent air of the death city.

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Posted by stew - Sun, Dec 26, 2004

Gazette & Courier - Monday, October 19, 1874

Japan - The enclosed letter is from http://ilc2.doshisha...ha/letter/9-4-79.htm Rev. J.D. Davis [also seen as Jerome D. Davis], one of our foreign missionaries in Japan. He was a graduate of Chicago Theological Seminary in 1869. The letter was a class letter, went about to the different members of his class - Kobe, Japan, March 18, 1874. There is so much printed about Japan now a days, and so much that may be said, that one hardly knows where to begin or what to write. I shall say the little that I can say with my pen, under the hands of the state of the country, the general work, and our work as a mission. We have in Japan, according to the report of census taken in 1872, 33,110,825 souls. Of these, about 2,000,000 belong to the http://www.users.big...aggro/JapModern.html Samurai class , anciently wearing two swords, and forming the retainers and standing army of nearly 70 feudal lords, who were the real rulers of the empire, for until 3 years ago, the country was a Feudal Confederation with a nominal head called Shogun (Tycoon), to whom each of the feudal lords gave a nominal submission, and for whose support each year gave a present. Such was the state of the country 8 years ago, when the question of expelling the foreigners from Japan was finally decided, and with the decision of this question came the overthrow of the Tycoon, and the taking of the Mikado (descended from the gods, and the spiritual ruler of the Empire) from his prison palace, and the placing of him on a real throne, as the head of the nation. These changes were not affected without bloodshed. For about two years the warriors of the Empire were about equally divided, half fighting for the Tycoon and the expulsion of the foreigners, and half for the Mikado and the opening of the country. The Mikado's forces triumphed, but triumphed knowing that a very large party throughout the Empire were dissatisfied. This was 8 years ago, and then 2 years ago another change came, greater than the first, and yet a bloodless one. The old feudal lords, most of them voluntarily, and the rest by moral compulsion, gave up their power, provinces, castles, and 9/10 of their revenue, left their people, took up their abode in Yedo, and became the subjects of the Mikado. This change, greater, more rapid, and more peaceful than the annals of past history can furnish, probably did little to allay the disaffected class in the Empire. Mutterings, riots, and small insurrections have been frequent, and the new government felt its weakness, and wondered that it could not fully know either its strength or its weakness. It has for two years tremblingly held the reins of the newly harnessed and untamed steed, has at least kept it from dashing everything to pieces. This large Samurai class, numbering about 2,000,000, are the hardest to manage. They are the educated class in Japan, the only one trained to the use of arms, and they are fitted to be the leaders of the lower and ignorant classes. But they suddenly awake to find their old employment and position forever gone. They have nothing to do, and nothing to look forward to, only as they enter the channels of business. This some of them are doing. This large class have for hundreds of years received a revenue from the lower classes, a revenue which in their present condition is hardly enough for their support, and yet large enough to be a great burden on the taxpayers. Both sides are dissatisfied, the tax payers and the tax receivers, and then, the government needs this revenue or a part of it gradually turned into its own coffers. From all this came the demand on the part of the representatives of these dissatisfied Samurai, in October last (1873) that war be declared against Corea [i.e. Korea], "to furnish something for idle hands to do", a demand which was refused, and followed by the resignation of 1/3 of the Cabinet. Then came an overture on the part of the government to the Samure, offering to pay to those who desired it, 6 years allowance at once, thus furnishing them some capital to go into trade, with the understanding that to those who chose this 6 years advance pay, no further allowance should ever be paid. This overture was received in some provinces with great dissatisfaction, and especially in the western provinces, on the islands of Kinshu. Many of the Samurai thought that they saw in this order the doom of their revenues, and for this and the Corea affair, they made insurrection at once. All Japan was moved more or less. An attempt was made just before this, to assassinate Quakma in Yedo. The capital was in trepidation. It was reported that the whole of the western provinces were preparing to revolt, and a large body of Samurai collected in one of the provinces near Nagasaki, captured the governor's castle, destroyed the telegraph, stopped the mail messengers, etc. When these reports first reached Yedo, Shimadzu Sabura, the old prince of Satsuma, the most important of the western provinces, the man who a few years ago was at the head of the party in favor of expelling the foreigners, and who, some years ago, near Yedo, ordered his retainers to cut down two Englishmen whom he met on the road, but who has just accepted a position as priory council to the Mikado. This old prince asked permission to be sent to his old province to pacify the people, and he was sent, although many mistrusted his honesty so much that they expected to hear of his joining the rebels. But he was honest, and the government quickly and decidedly crushed the rebellion, nipped it in the bud, executing the leaders, and almost astounded itself with this illustration of its power. I have given this long stretch of history that you may realize why the revision of the treaties hangs fire, why the country is not all opened, why religious toleration is not more fully and freely proclaimed, and why the edicts against Christianity were taken down in the way they were. I quote below a letter written in Nov. last, by Mr. Delong, last U.S. Minister to Japan. "Relative to the repeal of the edicts against Christianity, or their supposed repeal, the truth is this - the edicts were taken down and removed from public observation by order of the government, but were not repealed. On the contrary when they were removed, officers of the government, detailed for this express purpose, called on the Japanese residents, and warned them that although the edicts had been taken down, they still remained in force, and must be obeyed as laws. When this action came to my knowledge, I taxed one of the Assistants of Foreign Affairs with bad taste. He in reply, entreated me not to consider it, at the time saying, "The liberal party in Japan is yet in its infancy, but I assure you it is increasing rapidly. We have been able to secure two triumphs, one the return of the exiled Christian converts, the other, the removal of these edicts". These matters he assured me, had been obtained mainly upon the strength of advices received from one of the foreign embassadors, Governor Ito, who in a communication addressed to his government written from Europe, had advised them that wherever he went he was met by the strongest appeals in behalf of those exiles, and for religious toleration; and he felt assured that unless his government acceded to the first request and evinced a disposition to be somewhat liberal in regard to the other matter, that it might look in vain for friendly concessions on the part of foreign powers in treaty with Japan. He further assured me of the disposition of his party and of himself to go much further at once, but that it was deemed unsafe to do so as yet, as undue haste might ruin all". Mr. DeLong continues: "Less than 4 years ago, the Japanese government met the foreign representatives in council on the question of sparing the Catholic convents at Ura Kimi from the persecutions there being inflicted upon them. The chief of that council was Saryo, the present prime minister. The second officer in rank was Owakura. That council met all our protestations, with bold assurances of determination to pursue the policy announced by the government, and Owakura went so far as to say that the government was based upon the ideas taught by the Shintoo, Buddhist priesthood, that the Mikado was of divine origin. This theory he said the Christian teachings dispelled, hence its propagation was calculated to undermine the throne, and therefore it was resolved to resist the propagation of that faith, as they would resist the advance of an invading army". I have quoted from Mr. DeLong thus fully, to show the mighty opposition there was to overcome, and there should be added to this the fact that this people have been taught for 250 years that Christianity was the vilest, most wretched thing on earth, and that the thought of it was a crime. Now this Saryo as Prime Minister, signs the decree restoring all the Catholic exiles in Japan to their liberties, and Owakura, as elder of the embassy, permits a communication to be sent from his corps recommending this action. More than this, to quote again, Mr. DeLong says: "The foreign representatives have been assured by this ministry that Japanese subjects shall no longer be persecuted for professing Christianity".,,In regard to the work in general, I can say that the past year has been one of progress. The year has doubled our own mission force, and that of the whole mission force in Japan. There are now 39 clergymen, and 3 missionary physicians in Japan. A little more than one to a million of people. We ought to have enough to put a station of 3 families in the center of each million of people. The work of translating the Bible is going forward, although we have as yet only the gospels of Matthew, Mark, and John printed in Japanese. The native church of Yokohama numbers 70 members, and one has been organized in the capital, http://justus.anglic.../asia/japan1891.html Yedo , which now has over 20 members. The cause of union here has received a blow, from the refusal of the Reformed (Dutch) and Presbyterian churches to sanction such action, but the two churches already formed are on this basis, and all the members refuse to be swerved from it...To have all the denominational names untranslated, call the churches only churches of Christ, to have the creeds and governments simples and similar and have all feel that they are one family uniting together in council and communion. Of our own work I may say that the last 7 months has brought us great and looked for changes. For 6 months the large rooms on Main Street in the native town have been crowded nearly every Sabbath, to hear Mr. Greene preach in Japanese. We are hoping that as many as 10 are Christians, and we have a weekly prayer meeting for Japanese. For the beginning of the work in Sanda, see the Missionary Herald for 1874. This interest goes on there. I went over there every Sat. until the first of January, and now go once in 2 weeks, and I never enjoyed preaching at home, as I do telling these eager souls of Christ for the first time. We have a little simple story of the Cross printed, which calls attention to our work, and the place where the truth is preached, and the Bible sold, as well as giving enough of truth in itself to lead to Christ. We are sending these into the interior, and some came from a distance inquiring us out, to know more of the truth. In Osaka also, a new interest has recently sprung up, and some of the leading physicians of the city are rejoicing in Christ, and both there and in Kobe we are now making arrangements to organize churches, in which to gather the first fruits of our work in Japan. We have 3 young lady teachers, two in Kobe, and one in Osaka. We have a flourishing girl's school of 25 members in Kobe, some of whom are much interested in the truth. Also a boy's school, and we have a class started, to be trained to preach the gospel. We wish that we had been here 5 years, and that we had 3 times the number preparing for this work. We need your prayers. We are a little vidette post, thrown out here from 6000 to 9000 miles beyond the main army. We look to be supported with prayers and reinforcements from the main army. Sincerely your brother in Christ, J.D. Davis.

Subjects: Assassination, Business Enterprises, Children, Crime, Criminals, Economics, Education, Emigration and Immigration, English (and England), Executions and Executioners, Family, Fires, Food, Government, History, Horses, Ice, Law and Lawyers, Literature / Web Pages, Mail, Medical Personnel, Murder, Names, Politics, Prisons, Religion, Rich People, Riots, Roads, Royalty, Sales, Telegraphs / Telephones, Vendors and Purchasers, Vital Statistics, War / Weaponry, Women, Work, Europe

Posted by stew - Tue, Dec 14, 2004

Gazette & Courier - Monday, January 1, 1872
http://worldconnect....nedriscoll&id=I15401 Mr. Chester W. Chapin [Springfield's railroad magnate] made some princely Christmas gifts, including a check for $50,000 to each of his 4 children.

Subjects: Children, Economics, Hampshire / Hampden Counties, Holidays, Rich People, Royalty, Trains

Posted by stew - Fri, Nov 26, 2004

Gazette & Courier - Monday, January 12, 1874
The domain of death: Shreveport during the pestilence [known as the Yellow Fever Epidemic of 1873]

The domain of death: Shreveport during the pestilence [known as the http://ftp.rootsweb....history/yelfever.txt Yellow Fever Epidemic of 1873 ] - The description below is from the pen of a telegraphic operator who kept his post at Shreveport during the whole period of the late epidemic: Shreveport lies north and south along the http://www.hq.usace....ettes/vignette_3.htm Red River , and before the days of the pestilence, numbered 11,000 inhabitants. The fever broke out on Aug. 28, and became an epidemic on Sept. 4, and 8,000 of the population at once left the city. The lowest mortality on any day of 24 hours was 3, and the highest 36. The causes of the fearful epidemic, after the appearance of the disease, are to be found in the filthy condition of the city, and in the drying up of the swamps and morasses in the suburbs, producing the malaria. The virulence of the http://www.hq.usace....ettes/vignette_3.htm contagion is directly attributable to the skinning of 200 carcasses of dead cattle and their subsequent putrefaction on the river banks, about 2 miles below the city. A steamer loaded with cattle sunk at that place and the negroes towed the dead animals ashore, where, after being skinned, their carcasses were left to decompose. A southwest wind, which prevails during that season of the year, carried the stench which the burning sun created into the city. This prepared the air for taking the infection. The first case of the fever, however, was brought from New Orleans; but under the influences mentioned, it resolved itself into the most virulent type of http://www.hq.usace....ettes/vignette_3.htm Mexican black vomit . The percentage of deaths at the most violent period of the pestilence was 93 out of every 100. 60% was about the average, but there were never less than 10 deaths to every 100 persons attacked. The symptoms began with a violent pain in the head and shoulders. Heavy aches and numbness then attacked the bodies in the limbs. The fever then set in, and the pulse rose to 120 to 140 per minute. The crisis of the disease arrived in about 3 days, when the fever left the patient; then, if the kidneys could be kept right the case was a hopeful one. All of the deaths occurred either from black vomit, which is the complete putrefaction of the stomach, of from the entire sequestration (?) [question mark theirs] of the urinary organs. There was hardly a case of the disease where a catheter did not have to be resorted to...The strongest did not survive a week. The treatment was simply a http://www.ibiblio.o...c/kings/sinapis.html hot mustard bath , with castor oil as a cathartic. Calomel, the only specific in this disease, was entirely discarded. Fear killed a great many. Recovery in the best cases was a matter of coolness, constitution and good luck. The deaths among the nurses did not exceed 5. The greatest mortality among any one sect was in the ranks of the Catholic clergy . They were very faithful in their ministrations on the sick and dying. The Protestant ministers were equally fearless of death and just as indefatigable in the discharge of their sacred duty. The telegraph operators were the next heaviest sufferers in proportion to numbers - 4 out of 6 falling victims to the terrible disease. There was no such thing as funeral services at the churches or at the graves. Every place of business was closed except the drug stores and liquor saloons. The churches were closed. The formalities of burial were very few. The deaths were reported to the Howard Association , which at once detailed workmen to dig the graves. The coffin was taken to the sidewalk in front of the house. The corpse was brought from the house, put into the box, and after being closed up, the casket was placed in a wagon and driven at a gallop to the cemetery. There it was deposited beside the undug or partially completed grave. The grave digger was left alone with the corpse and his own thoughts. He got the box into the grave as fast as he could. The cemetery, and especially the Potter's field, looked like a battle with its newly made graves. There were no hearses to convey the bodies with some show of decorum to their last resting places. No mourners followed the corpse to the grave. Those who would have wished to go to the funeral were required at the bed of a dying wife or child. The sick monopolized the attention of the living; the dead were regarded as beyond all the help of love or affection. High and low, rich and poor, were buried alike. Whole families were swept out of existence - not a member left. There are 120 orphans who have lost both father and mother. They will be raised by the State of Louisiana. The fever virtually terminated on the 26th of Oct., when a heavy frost chilled the atmosphere, and by stiffening up the ground, stopped the formation of the malaria. [What actually happened is that it became too cold for mosquitoes, who were the true bearers of the disease. It can be treated effectively with http://etext.lib.vir...r-browse?id=01013001 quinine , which stops the disease 's progression].

Subjects: African-Americans / Blacks, Animals / Reptiles, Bars (Drinking establishments), Business Enterprises, Cemeteries, Charlemont (MA), Children, Diseases, Drugstores / Drugs, Emigration and Immigration, Family, Government, Households, Latin America, Literature / Web Pages, Luck, Medical Personnel, Medicine / Hospitals, Mourning Customs, Obituaries, Orphans and Orphanages, Poor, Quacks and Quackery, Religion, Rich People, Rivers / Lakes / Oceans, Roads, Telegraphs / Telephones, Transportation, War / Weaponry, Weather, Women, Work

Posted by stew - Wed, Nov 17, 2004

Gazette & Courier - Monday, September 4, 1871
Turners Falls

Turners Falls - its growth - its future - The season has been a busy one at the Falls, and the "howling wilderness" that the doubting ones used to talk about is fast taking the appearance of an active, thriving, manufacturing town. The dwelling houses now put up assume a more substantial look than those first erected in that new city. The following gentlemen have purchased half-acre house lots on the Upper Plain - the elevated ground back from the village - and will at once build neat, substantial dwellings for their own use: Mr. Chapman (of the firm of Clark & Chapman ), Frank Harrington, George O. Peabody, Nathaniel Gilmore, David http://www.geocities...dellBirthsPage2.html Kidder , Joseph F. Bassett. This location commands a magnificent view of the river and falls and no better site for dwellings can be found. Land here before many years will be a valuable possession. John Campbell, who was had charge of laying a large share of the brick work of the factories and buildings of the Falls, intends soon to put up a substantial brick house on the corner of L & 7th St. A company has been formed for the erection of a large brick hotel on the corner of Avenue A and Second St., and the foundation is to be commenced at once. It is to have a front of 100 ft. and a depth of 75 ft., four stories high with French roof. The basement will be used for stores. It will be thoroughly built for a first class hotel. John Farren, the eldest brother of B.N. Farren , is one of the leading capitalists in this enterprise, and, we understand, takes $25,000 in the stock. He was a great contractor for many years and is now a retired millionaire, living near Philadelphia. The new Methodist Chapel is well advanced toward completion, and will be ready for occupation before many weeks. It is hoped before long the Baptist and Congregationalists will have their houses of worship, and the good influence resulting will improve the moral atmosphere of the place. As a consequence of huddling together so many nationalities, without the restraints of a well regulated town or city government, there is much intemperance and lawlessness, which is now almost impossible to prevent. "Saloons" are by far too numerous and too well patronized. But there are some first class stores well established at the Falls. The new grocery of S.P. Wise of Greenfield is a model of neatness. It is in Sautel's Block, on Second St., and is stocked with everything usually found in a well regulated store and arranged as tastefully as the "home establishment" in Greenfield. Groceries are sold as cheaply here as at G. The Russell block, now nearly completed, is one of the landmarks of the village, and has a decided metropolitan look. It is 401 ft. long, two stories high with French roof, built of well made and well laid bricks and covered with slate. The long building is divided into 20 houses by brick partitions, which run from the cellar to the roof, making each section fire proof. There are two tenements in a house, or 40 in the block, & these are exactly alike above and below, consisting of a front room, kitchen, bedroom and pantry, with two chambers in the attic. Water is brought into the tenements from a reservoir belonging to the Water Power Company , upon the hill back of the village, and supplied in abundance through pipes. These tenements, which are leased only to the operatives of the cutlery, are as convenient and well arranged as it is possible to make them, and are rented for $100 a year. The doors of the block are numbered, or otherwise a tenant would hardly be able to find his own house. The Pulp Compnay tenement building is constructed in the same manner; is in two sections, one 200 ft. by 34, the other 32 by 101, making the entire length about 300 ft. The brick work upon this block is completed and soon it will be filled with its 30 families. Wooden tenement houses are going up continually on every side, and one must needs make weekly visits to the city to keep up with its rapid growth. But the activity down along the canal, where the mill sites are located, is more apparent than up in the town. Clark & Chapman, whose machine shop and Foundery are located near the bulkhead, are full of work. Their specialty is the manufacture of water wheels, though they do all kinds of jobbing. They have some valuable patents. One is Ball's Lever Lock Set, an ingenious contrivance for holding and adjusting a log while being cut. With it the work of managing a sawmill is made very simple and the cutting accurate. They have just got out a log set 50 ft. long for the Ballard Bro's. [sorry, sometimes I just can't resist!], new steam mill in Wendell. Clark & Chapman employ 25 men, and more convenient shops or better facilities for doing this work could not be devised. They contemplate putting up a new building out on the mason work over the bulk-head. Below the machine shop are the new buildings of the Montague Paper Company, which is expected to be finished this fall. The main building is 138 1/2 ft. by 55, and the other is 92 ft. by 55. It is built upon stone mason work from the river side in the most substantial manner. B.N. Farren had the contract for laying the brick, which has been under the direction of John Campbell. Mr. C. has been with Mr. Farren for may years, did the famous arching at the west end of the Tunnel, and the many fine buildings around Turners Falls attest to his skill and thorough workmanship. The brick are manufactured at Montague City by R.L. Goss, who makes those of the very best quality and finds a ready market for all he can produce. Mr. Campbell has 110 men under his charge and has found constant employment for them through the season. Work has just commenced for the erection of the buildings of the Keith Paper Company, recently formed, with a capital stock of $200,000. The mill is to be located 50 ft. below the Cutlery Works, the main building to be 270 ft. by 41, with two wings 90 and 40 by 50 respectively. They have leased 500 horse power and will have one of the largest paper mills in the country. B.N. Farren also has the contract for the erection of these buildings, and his brother William with 75 men are drilling away the rock for the foundation, diging the wheel pits, etc. This great establishment will be finished by spring and will require hundreds of operatives to carry on its business. The Pulp Company have been doing a brisk business and have been obliged to stop and put in another water wheel to increase their facilities. Very heavy and strong machinery is required for grinding the white poplar wood into pulp. The wood is brought in abundant quantities over the railroad. The Cutlery Company never did a larger business than now. Upwards of 575 hands are employed and the monthly pay-roll amounts to some $25,000. A better arranged and better managed establishment of this kind cannot be found. It is larger than any two of the famous Sheffield Cutleries in England and acknowledged the largest one in the world. They have room and capacity for the employment of 1000 to 1200 operatives and facilities for doing the work in all its branches, not attained by any rival establishment. The Superintendent and Manager of this great work is Matthew Chapman, Esq. of Greenfield, who has a thorough, practical knowledge of the business in every branch and the perfection of the arrangement of buildings and machinery is largely due to him. The Russell Cutlery Company have demonstrated the fact that a better article of cutlery can be manufactured in this country than can be imported from abroad. English manufacturers have acknowledged this, and the only way they can compete with the Yankees is through cheap material and cheap labore. We are far ahead of them in new designs and patterns...Mr. Chapman's latest invention is a kind of rest attached to the boulster of a knife, so that the blade is kept clear from the cloth when laid upon the table. Housekeepers will see at once the advantages of this new knife, and it no doubt will soon be in popular demand. Mr. C. is getting out some new patterns of carvers that are extremely neat and pretty. There is nothing awkward or out of proportion; they balance easily in the hand, and the blade is shapely and meant for business. Many sets of cutlery are finished in the most exquisite manner, the handles carved in pearl and the blades heavily plated with silver and burnished to a remarkable brilliancy...A great deal of cutlery is made to special order, with the name of the purchaser or a beautiful monogram engraved upon the blade. A gentleman of this vicinity has just had two cases of the best cutlery manufactured for the Governor of Louisiana...The cases are of the finest rosewood...The cost of the cutlery and cases was about $300. The prices of sets of knives manufactured range from $1 to $68, including anything a purchaser may desire...A large lumber company from Bangor, Me., who have purchased large tracts of wood land up the river, have been looking along the stream for a desirable location to establish a sawmill to work their timber into lumber. Although they have not decided to locate at Turners Falls, they have expressed a decided preference for the magnificent power they can there secure, and talk of the feasability of building a mill on the island that divides the fall. Holmes, Wood & Co., on the Gill side, have done a large lumber business the past season, and find an easy market in the new city for all they can manufacture. Quite a little village has been springing up around them, and the houses built are first class, making a very neat appearance. William Crocker, who is permanently located at the Falls, and who laid out the city and its streets, furnished the plans for all the large buildings erected there. The convenience and perfection of arrangement is due to his remarkable skill and good judgment. Turners Falls, with its established Post Office, its churches and stores and markets, already has the appurtenances of an organized village or city, and of its growth and rapid advancement no wise man will doubt. By another year, between one and two thousand operatives will be employed in its factories, requiring a great number of dwellings and stores for supply of food and clothing. Work has already commenced on the new suspension bridge that before another spring is to place the new city in easy and direct communication with Greenfield. It will be an extremely pleasant drive of 20 or 30 minutes, the road near the river commanding a magnificent view of the opposite shore, the new settlement, with its factories, and the falls.

Subjects: Bars (Drinking establishments), Beverages, Bridges, Business Enterprises, Canals, Charlemont (MA), Connecticut River, Crime, Cutlery, Drunkenness, Economics, English (and England), Food, French, Gill (MA), Greenfield (MA), Hoosac Tunnel (MA), Hotels, Inventions, Mail, Montague (MA), Racism, Religion, Rich People, Rivers / Lakes / Oceans, Roads, Stores, Retail, Trains, Trees, Turners Falls (MA), Urbanization / Cities, Wendell (MA), Work, Architecture / Construction

Posted by stew - Sun, Oct 31, 2004

Gazette & Courier - Monday, April 11, 1870
A young, handsome, and rich American lady has given a French Count a "then you'll remember me" by breaking her parasol over his h

A young, handsome, and rich American lady has given a French Count a "then you'll remember me" by breaking her http://www.geocities...lace18/parasols.html parasol over his head as a punishment for his impertinence. All American ladies who go abroad are not infatuated with titled monkeys

Subjects: Animals / Reptiles, French, Rich People, Royalty, Women

Posted by stew - Wed, Oct 20, 2004

Gazette & Courier - Tuesday, August 4, 1874
Something about Martha's Vineyard

Something about Martha's Vineyard - To truly appreciate what is fine and enjoyable, one must preceed it with its opposite; hence the locomotives on the line of the railroad from Taunton to New Bedford, are run with coke or soft coal during summer, and the forward cars on one of these trains is like braving the district of Mt. Vesuvius in full eruption. The cars are filled with dirt, dust and smoke, and a short hour's ride seems equal to a good half day on ordinary roads. Let the traveler, thus dirty, besmoked and begrimmed, with eyes red and swollen by irritating sparks, step on a clean and well furnished boat of the New Bedford line for the Vineyard and Nantucket - the steamer Monohansett or the "Martha's Vineyard", for example - and as the boat leaves the dock, the refreshing breeze seems to re-animate even to the finger-ends, and if he does nt murmur "it is enchantment", he must be stolid indeed.It may be possible that some "Mark Twain" can face the pyramids of Egypt unmoved, or view with complacency a lock of hair or an eye tooth of a patriarch, but no one ever felt the change above alluded to without a thrill of intense satisfaction. Sailing from the grand harbor of New Bedford, a person is imrressed with the desire of enquiring the names of the island, forts and headlands that constantly peer in to view. He learns that the four islands forming a breakwater between Vineyard Sound and Buzzard's Bay, are http://www.publicboo..._1/historyne_dd.html Cattyhunk , Nashawena , Pasque and Naushon, with a fifth, little Penikese, immortalized by Agassiz, just inside. This might be learned by studying up the geography of Massachusetts, but all these things look so differently in the real, that one needs to see them, with the natural eye, in order to take in the dots on the map to comprehension. Leaving the fort on Clark's point, and little Phoenix; one on either hand, to guard the wealth so well earned by the hundreds of sail, which have made New Bedford known the world over as the great whaling port of New England - we pass through Woods Hole, with Falmouth village on the left, and enter Vineyard Sound - which in reality, is but an arm of Long Island Sound - and at once Martha's Vineyard comes boldly in view. The little dots on the map called Martha's Vineyard and Nantucket carry to the mind but a very inadequate idea of the extent of the islands themselves. The former, being an island some 30 miles long and several wide, on which are several thriving villages, and of which the great camp meeting grounds of the state form an insignificant part, while the latter island, though smaller, is quite extensive. The first landing at which the boat stops is the camp meeting land, called http://www.usgennet....olde/set3/chap23.htm Vineyard Highlands , from whence the horse cars run direct to the grounds. On the heights, in a commanding position, is situated the "Highlan House" [possibly "Highland House"]. The second and principal landing, however, is Oak Bluffs , a half mile to the southward. The first object which challenges attention here is the Sea View Hotel , which is of elegant design, 5 stories high, and 200 feet long, and suggests comfort and sea air in abundance. Its foundations, bathed by the waters of the bay, is at once the most complete and superb watering place hotel in the country. It is first class in all respects, has nearly 200 rooms, all lighted with gas, and having its steam elevator, steam laundry, and patent pneumatic enunciator . A broad veranda extends all around the building, and piazzas on every story. With all these general attractions and comforts, the hotel seems to be run in first class style, and to enjoy it all, it is needless to say, money is absolutely essential and plenty of it! Passing this temptation palace - as the majority of the visitors to the island do, I might say are compelled to do - we enter immediately the far famed but not too highly extolled http://www.bestreadg...neyard/wtoakblf.html "Cottage City of America" . A minute description of this Lilliputian city, with its upward of 3000 http://www.mvgazette...story_oak_bluffs.php cottages , its beautiful walks and drives. would be a simple impossibility - to see only is to know! The visitor finds accommodations plenty and as costly or as cheap as desired. The hotels, aside from the Sea View, are mostly on the European Plan; but the majority of visitors avoid the hotels, and seek rooms in private cottages, obtaining meals at some of the numerous restaurants, with which this part of the island - called Vineyard Grove - is generously provided. The cottages are all similar in one respect, namely, the parlor is arranged to show the whole of the interior, and day and evening is fully open to a general inspection for all passers. The inmates live in the invigorating air, and as they gather of an evening, in the parlors of the long rows of cottages, all in full view, the most perfect picture of happiness and sensible enjoyment is presented. The city of the vineyard has two sides, the religious and the pleasure seeking. The Camp Meeting Association owns its circle of cottages and grounds, in the centre of which is the grand stand and long rows of seats, stretching in a half circle, and which during camp meeting is covered with the immense canvas tent, and seating, it is said, over 5000 persons. Around this grand stand are the circle of town tents, while back of the latter are circle on circle of cottages. Just outside this limit, known as the "circle", stretching away in every direction, are the tents and cottages of all the world at large. The cottages are every degree of beauty and elegance. the finest, perhaps, is Dr. Tucker's of New York, though Ex-Gov. Claflin, Mrs. Wright, and others own very costly structures and command the most eligible sites. Nearly all, however, have double the room that anyone would deem possible by an exterior view, and a majority are fully equipped with arrangements for cooking and housekeeping generally. The place has a busy hum of comers and goers, and life enough for the gay, while a visitor can be as quiet and undisturbed as if at home. It is too far for rowdies to come. No liquor is sold, and not a drunken or noisy man to be found. The whole place seems filled with a deep religious sentiment. Everybody is trustful, open hearted, and withall, seemingly enjoying themselves to the full. Wealth and style abound, but still, it is the most democratic place I ever was in. People from the far West - even Colorado has a representative - unite with true western abandon with the representatives of the East. The number of refined and pleasant people one meets here in the course of a few weeks almost repays a trip in itself. The bathing is another attraction, which we of the island towns can fully appreciate. The water is warmer here than at any other point of the coast. It is said, and from experience I can say, it is much superior to Gloucester or Newport in this respect. The beach is clean with no undertow to affright the timid; the bathing huses are within a few feet of the water, and while numbered by hundreds are all large, clean and secluded, and their use can be obtained for a trifle. The fishing is splendid; fast and strong sail boats are readily obtained at reasonable rates. The principal fish caught is the blue fish, and are got off the south coast of the island, out in the open area. The young men of our cottage tried a hand at it only yesterday, and of all the fun and excitement I ever had, that was the best. From 8 o'clock in the morning till four in the afternoon, we were sailing under a full press of canvass, never lowering the sail. This sail of upwards of 100 miles, on a full sea, is something to recall with a glow, but when you add the fish - 5 to 8 pounds every one - it's high fun indeed! I had the good fortune to take over 40 pounds, and altogether we had nearly two hundred weight of these fine fellows, and none of us had fished half the time we were out. Oh! it was exhilarating! it was glorious! Scarcely a day passes but you meet some familiar face unseen here before; yet it is rare you go to the landing to meet a friend and find more than a score of the town's people pouring out of the steamer and overwhelming you on every side. But just this did occur as last eve. 26 well-known representatives of Greenfield overrun this peaceful resort. Our village is well represented, but more are coming. O! it's like a grand double-headed picnic! Everybody is delighted, and each pater familias is already examining eligibly situated cottages with a critical eye for another year's visit; everyone vowing they will allow their families the full three months' season, and themselves, a business man's long recess. I would that it were possible to express the peculiar sensations produced by the mingling of all these various scenes. It is now a vast muster field, with the varieties of camp life; then a city of elegant, miniature palaces, and anon, it is the deep religious atmosphere, as if it was holy ground. These thoughts, with hundreds of others, pass through the mind; and as passing from day to night, the ever changing kaleidescope [i.e. kaleidoscope] shifts the scene. We even weary of ever seeing the end of all the beauty, the novelty, the charm of this city on the sea. For a week now I have visited this enchanted spot every day. I have walked from 4 to 6 miles, and still it seems as if I had but explored the edge of the city. One never tires of walking on the fine concrete walks running on the edge of the bluff; indeed I have not visited half the avenues, or seen a third of the cottages. With the charm of walking or sitting on the bluffs, listening to the ceaseless breaking of the waves as the tide ebbs and flows, is the unrivalled sea view, which, sweeping the broad bay to the south, and the expanse to the northward, touching far off Falmouth Heights, while eastward, stretching from Cape Poge height on the right, to Bishop and Clerk's height on the left, is the rolling waters of the Atlantic, which nothing breaks, till we in fancy, see the green shores of the Emerald Isle rise in the line of mixed sky and water to throw back the rolling breakers. In gazing on the scores of sail, some near, some remote and others yet so far away as only to have a little line of top sail visible, how feeble seems man, how insignificant his aims. It is a dream, but the elements give grandeur, and the awefull sublimity of the blending of earth, sky and sea, forces us to adore, in the silent adoration of our hearts, the Infinite One whose mind above can interpret its meaning. Thus far, I have not spoken of the countless promontories, points of interest, all, which are so easily reached by drives along the beach and inland, as well as by steam and sail. The villages of Katayma and Edgartown just south inside the harbor, formed by the peninsular, ending with Cape Poge, and accessible by carriage road along the beach, or by rail - recently constructed - or still again by a steamer plying back and forth several times per day, or yet again by sail or rowboat. To the north and west, the safe port of Vineyard Haven, is easily reached, while still westward by the extreme of the island, is tiny Head Cliff, with its lighthouse, which, from the descriptions of it and from views exhibited, I judge must be one of the grandest and most rugged headlands in the Atlantic Coast. I feel that I must stop; yet in view of all I wish to tell, I have as yet said nothing. I have dwelt much in description, but it all seems so new and interesting, so different from any other seaside resort I ever visited, that not to mention some of the salient points of interest, would be to neglect a duty. To any who think the pleasure overdrawn, I will only say, come and see for yourselves. It is a favorable season to visit the island, as the thousands who have come during camp meeting have not arrived, and the visitor finds plenty of room, and all needed comforts at a reasonable rate. Thus leaving the inner life of the island to be learned from the lips of those who have enjoyed it, I shall say sea side adieu. "Vine Cottage, "Oak Bluffs, Martha's Vineyard, July 30, 1874".

Subjects: Amusements, Archaeology, Astronomy, Barber / Hair, Businesspeople, Charlemont (MA), Coal, Criminals, Dreams / Sleep, Drunkenness, Economics, Eye, Family, Fashion, Fires, Fishes and Fishing, Food, Furniture, Government, Greenfield (MA), Horses, Hotels, Households, Irish, Italians, Light, Liquors, Literature / Web Pages, Massachusetts, Medical Personnel, Names, Native Americans, Natural Resources, New England, Noise, Religion, Rich People, Roads, Trains, Transportation, Vacations, Weather, Women, Leyden (MA), Europe, Geography

Posted by stew - Wed, Oct 20, 2004

Gazette & Courier - Monday, July 27, 1874
Hon. Samuel Williston

Hon. http://www.williston...view.asp?item_id=647 Samuel Williston - one of the largest manufacturers and most public spirited citizens of Massachusetts, died in the village of Easthampton, which he founded, on Sat. 18th, in the 80th year of his age. His ancestors were noted for longevity on both sides, his father having lived to the age of 93, his paternal grandfather to the age of 87, his mother to the age of 82, and her father to the age of 103. He was the son of a clergyman, as was his father, and his mother was the daughter of a clergyman. His father's salary never exceeded $300 per year, and accordingly he was compelled early in life to look out for himself. From the age of 10 to 16, he labored upon a farm in summer, earning at the last $7 a month, and looking upon this as a large sum. A portion of the winters he worked in a clothier's shop, and acquired the trade. His schooling was confined to the regular summer and winter terms of the district school till he was 10 years of age, and then to the winter term until he was 16. Subsequently, although dependent on his own exertions for support, he made much of his limited opportunities, and found means to spend one term at the academy at Westfield, and having a desire to go to college, with a view of entering the ministry, he afterward entered Phillips Academy, Andover, Mass. But he had hardly begun his course of study there when he was forced to give it up by the failure of his eyesight, and he returned to labor on the farm; then became a clerk in West Springfield and New York, till at length, discouraged by the state of his eyes and his general health, he returned to his father's farm, and settled down, as he supposed, for life, running in debt for the tools with which he worked. For four years he carried on the farm, teaching school in the winter, thus earning a comfortable living, but having no particular prospects for the future. In the spring of 1822, he then being 27 years old, he met, what the Springfield Union terms the turning point of his life, for then he was married to Miss http://freepages.gen...armstrong/steg88.htm Emily Graves , daughter of http://members.frys..../d0001/g0000075.html Elnathan Graves , of Williamsburg - She, indirectly, was destined to introduce him to fortune. In illustration of his limited means at that time, it is said by Professor Tyler in his history of Amherst college, that Mr. Williston was married in a coat that he had already worn 2 years for Sundays and holidays, and the pair took no bridal tour or any journey whatever after their marriage. In 1826, Mrs. Williston, in order that she might escape some of the drudgery of household labor, and also have means for more geenrous charitable contributions, began to cover lasting buttons, a business which grew upon her hands, and extended to her neighbors through all that season, and at length, a dozen years later, assumed such proportions that the aid of machinery and water power had to be invoked, and the foudnation was at last permanently had for the present industries of Easthampton, and for Mr. Williston's prosperity. The http://www.dailystar...tar/accent/26351.php button factory , greatly enlarged from the first, is still in existence and doing a thriving business. To this was added, many years ago, a factory for making suspenders and other elastic goods, which has also been very successful, and of late years Mr. Williston, with others, has been largely engaged in various branches of cotton manufacturing, running several large mills. Though he has been for many months in feeble health, he continued to pay attention to the details of the different concerns to the day of his death. But it was not as a money maker chiefly, that Mr. Williston was remarkable. Early in life he consecrated no inconsiderable part of his gains for investment in benevolent purposes. He established Williston Seminary in 1841, and he has given it its entire endowment, amounting in all to nearly $350,000. To Amherst college he has given in all $150,000, and his chief benefactions to that institution came at a very critical time in its history. His first gift to the college was in 1845, when he founded the Williston Professorship of Rhetoric and Oratory. Later he founded the Graves, now the Williston, Professorship of Greek, and one half of the Hitchcock Professorship of Natural Theology and Geology, while the college owes to his generosity Williston Hall...As early as 1837 he bore a prominent part in the erection of the edifice now occupied by the First church in Easthampton, and he erected at his own expense the present Payson Church in that town, which replaces a previous edifice he had built which was destroyed by fire...He was elected a trustee of Amherst college by the Legislature in 1841; was also one of the early trustees of Mount Holyoke Seminary; one of the first Trustees of the State Reform School; and had been many years a member of the Amreican Board, to all of which trusts he was scrupulously faithful...In 1841 he was a member of the Lower House of the Massachusetts Legislature, and in 1842 and 1843 a member of the State Senate, but these we believe are the only political offices of any importance that he ever held. Of 5 children [Ellen Williston A (died at age 4); Delia Lord Williston A (died at age 2); Ellen Williston B (died at age 6); Delia Lord Williston B (died at age 4)] born to him all were removed early by death, two being taken away at once, and all in the space of 6 years. No doubt he was led by this to enlarge his sympathies, to take in, as it were, all mankind, and to give so largely to educational and charitable causes. But he longed for the sound of children's voices in his house, and took to his home other children, to the number of those he had lost. These children by adoption grew up in his family, and were educated and treated in all respects as his own. One of them, an adopted son, is now a distinguished teacher and scholar at Cambridge; one the wife of President Clark of the Amherst Agricultural College; another is the wife of M.F. Dickinson Jr. of Boston, and still another is the wife of Rev. Joseph Lauman of Westhampton. Mrs. Williston, to whose love, tender care and kind consideration Mr. Wiliston doubtless owed quite as much of his success in life as to her fortunate enterprise in button-covering, survives him at the age of 77...Mr. Williston leaves a great property, estimated at more than a million of dollars, and that his capital was fully employed may be judged by the statement that he was the entire owner at the time of his death of the Williston Cotton Mills , one third owner in Nashawanntick [i.e. Nashawannuck ] Suspender company, of $300,000 capital, one third owner of the National Button company, one fourth owner in the Rubber Thread company, one eighth owner in the Glendale Elastic Fabric Company, one fourth owner of the Easthampton National Bank, a large stockholder in the first National Bank at Northampton, and a considerable holder of different Western railroad stocks and other securities. It is believed that his will still further endows the special projects of his regard, particularly Amherst college and Williston Seminary.

Subjects: Boston (MA), Business Enterprises, Businesspeople, Charity, Charlemont (MA), Children, Diseases, Economics, Education, Eye, Family, Farmers & Farming / Flowers, Fires, Hampshire / Hampden Counties, Handicapped, History, Holidays, Households, Juvenile Delinquents, Law and Lawyers, Literature / Web Pages, Marriage and Elopement, Massachusetts, Obituaries, Old Age, Orphans and Orphanages, Politics, Poor, Religion, Rich People, Science, Stores, Retail, Trains, Vacations, Widows and Widowers, Women, Work, Architecture / Construction

Posted by stew - Wed, Oct 20, 2004

Gazette & Courier - Monday, January 22, 1872
Stokes in prison

Stokes in prison - Stokes, the assassin of Fisk, has been visited in jail by a reporter, who found him standing in front of his cell, laughing and chatting gayly with his brother, Coroner Shine and David Dwyer, one of the Keepers of the http://www.correctio.../jayshow3.html#Tombs Tombs . He was dressed as if he had just stepped from a boudoir. On a handsomely frilled and embroidered shirt bosom, glistened 3 magnificent diamond studs, and on the little finger of his left hand he wore a large and costly solitaire diamond ring. He wore a pair of lavender colored trousers and a vest of dark material, across which was suspended a gold chain of unique pattern. He wore a silk velvet dressing jacket, whose sleeves, pockets, collar and lapels were trimmed with pink silk, heavily quilted. His feet were encased in silk stockings and he wore a pair of slippers richly embroidered with gold lace. The reporter was introduced to Stokes by William Olliffe, a personal friend of the prisoner, and who, since the assassination, has been his constant companion. Stokes said that he slept well and that his appetite never was better...On a shelf in his cell were arranged 8 bottles of Murray & Lanman's Florida Water , with which he bathes. Standing by the side of the Florida water were several suspicious black bottles. The assassin's cell is on the second tier, only a few doors away from the cells of William Foster and William McNevins. It presents a strong contrast to these two. McNevins cell is filled with religious emblems and books, and a large crucifix stands on his table. Foster's is plainly but neatly furnished. While the reporter was conversing with Stokes, a friend handed him the evening papers, a card with mourning edge, on which was the name of Robert F. Stobo, and a small vial. "What have you got in the vial, Ed?" asked keeper Dwyer. "Only a little bergamont [i.e. bergamot] sent me by a friend" replied Stokes. "Oh! ah! I thought it was something else" politely said the keeper. Stokes laughed heartily and said "It might be nitro glycerine; but I am not ready for that just yet, Oh no, indeed, not yet!" Dr. Nealis then took Stokes to the end of the corridor and there the two remained about 10 minutes in conversation...

Subjects: Charlemont (MA), Cosmetics, Crime, Criminals, Family, Fashion, Glass / Windows, Literature / Web Pages, Medical Personnel, Mourning Customs, Murder, Prisons, Religion, Rich People, Jewelry / Gold / Silver / Treasure, Clothing

Posted by stew - Tue, Sep 28, 2004

Gazette & Courier - Monday, August 31, 1874
John Morrissey has made a clean profit of $40,000 this year, with three Congressmen yet to hear from. [Morrissey was an early boxing champ, who became

John Morrissey has made a clean profit of $40,000 this year, with three Congressmen yet to hear from. [ Morrissey was an early boxing champ, who became a prominent New York politician and a Congressman, as well as the creator of the Saratoga Racetrack. He was known for gambling innovations, including the use of the telegraph as a method to make betting available to everyone].

Subjects: Economics, Gambling, Government, Horses, Rich People, Sports, Telegraphs / Telephones

Posted by stew - Sat, Sep 4, 2004

Gazette & Courier - Monday, September 14, 1874
A lady was examining an applicant for the office of maid of all work, when she interrogated her as follows: "Well Mary, can you scour tinware with alacrity?" "No Ma'am, I always scour it with sand".

A lady was examining an applicant for the office of maid of all work, when she interrogated her as follows: "Well Mary, can you scour tinware with alacrity?" "No Ma’am, I always scour it with sand".

Subjects: Households, Poor, Rich People, Women, Words, Work

Posted by stew - Sat, Sep 4, 2004

Gazette & Courier - Monday, September 14, 1874
Born in Springfield on Sept. 7, a son to Henry M. Burt, editor of the New England Homestead, and grandson to Seth Hunt, treasu

Born in Springfield on Sept. 7, a son to http://www.usgennet....hampden/spfld/hist1/ Henry M. Burt , editor of the New England Homestead, and grandson to Seth Hunt, treasurer of the Connecticut River Railraod.

Subjects: Births, Economics, Family, Hampshire / Hampden Counties, Households, Literature / Web Pages, New England, Rich People, Trains, Work

Posted by stew - Sun, Aug 22, 2004

Gazette & Courier - Monday, June 6, 1870
(Greenfield) Capt. Edwin A. Ryther, James S. Grennell [usually seen as James

(Greenfield) Capt. Edwin A. Ryther, http://www.rootsweb....tml/hadley__mass.htm James S. Grennell [usually seen as James S. Grinnell ], Wendell T. Davis, George W. Potter along with several leading business men in Washington, have obtained a charter from Congress to incorporate the Washington & Boston Steamship Co., with a capital of $500,000, & will run a line of steamships between the two cities

Subjects: Boston (MA), Business Enterprises, Businesspeople, Charlemont (MA), Economics, Government, Greenfield (MA), Rich People, Transportation, Urbanization / Cities

Posted by stew - Mon, Jun 21, 2004

Gazette & Courier - Monday, September 7, 1874
There is a girl in Arizona who has a fortune of 10,000 heads of cattle. They give her less trouble than the suitors for her hand.

There is a girl in Arizona who has a fortune of 10,000 heads of cattle. They give her less trouble than the suitors for her hand.

Subjects: Animals / Reptiles, Courtship, Rich People, Women

Posted by stew - Mon, Jun 21, 2004

Gazette & Courier - Monday, September 7, 1874
Chicago has a rich young lady who has strange mania for buying dogs. She has invested $7000 in them so far.

Chicago has a rich young lady who has strange mania for buying dogs. She has invested $7000 in them so far.

Subjects: Animals / Reptiles, Economics, Rich People, Vendors and Purchasers, Women

Posted by stew - Sat, Jun 19, 2004

Gazette & Courier - Monday, September 7, 1874
And now Stoke's health is said to be seriously impaired by his inprisonments. The next announcement, probably, will be that he is pardoned, lest that he should die. He would be such a loss to New Yo

And now Stoke’s health is said to be seriously impaired by his inprisonments. The next announcement, probably, will be that he is pardoned, lest that he should die. He would be such a loss to New York society.

Subjects: Crime, Criminals, Diseases, Murder, Prisons, Rich People

Posted by stew - Tue, May 25, 2004

Gazette & Courier - Monday, September 7, 1874
A romance of Holland House

A romance of http://www.victorian...l/queenslondon31.htm Holland House - Some 30 years ago, or thereabouts, a bright, clever girl was among the inmates of Holland House. She was there known as Miss Fox, the adopted daughter of the fourth Lord Holland. As to her parentage there were abundant guesses, but nobody knew the truth. That she was received at the court of Queen Victoria had to be accepted as sufficient proof that there was no stain upon her descent. She grew up to be a belle fo the season, and 3 or 4 years ago it as gossiped that she was about to make one of the most brilliant matches in England. But the fates willed otherwise. The announced groom took to himself another wife, and in 1873 Miss Fox married the German http://www.passports...arby%20Liechtenstein Prince John of Liechtenstein . Leichtenstein is a sovereign principality, but the very smallest in Europe. Its population is about 8000; its revenues about 60,000 Austrian florins, say, $30,000; expenditures aout $3000 less, and there is no public debt; so that, according to Mr. Micawber's famous axiom, the little principality is about the only rich state in Europe. The Prince of Liechtenstein is, however, the head of the house of http://www.passports...arby%20Liechtenstein Este , perhaps the very oldest sovereign family in Europe, far antedating the Romanoffs and Guelphs, the Bourbons, Hapsburgs and Hohenzollerns. We suppose that any scion of any royal house, king or kaiser, might, without mesalliance, intermarry with a scion of the house of Liechtenstein. But Price John has also a string of titles to his name. Besides being Sovereign Prince of Leichtenstein, he is duke of Troppan and Jagerndorf, Count of Rietburg, Hereditary Councillor of the Empire, Chevalier of the Order of the Golden Fleece, and Honorary Baillie of the Order of St. John of Jerusalem; and independent of his sovereign rank, he is one of the richest noblemen of Germany. He has estates in Prussia, Austria, and Saxony, upon which reside 600,000 tenants, and from which he receives an annual income of 1,400,000 florins, not far from $750,000. His new wife, lately Miss Fox, is the "Princess Marie of Liechtenstein", author of the book "Holland House" before referred to, from which, and from other sources, have been drawn the materials for this paper (Alfred H. Guernsey, in The http://cdl.library.c...7-0018&byte=19732664 Galaxy for September).

Subjects: Economics, English (and England), Family, Germans, History, Literature / Web Pages, Marriage and Elopement, Orphans and Orphanages, Rich People, Royalty, Women, Europe

Posted by stew - Sun, May 23, 2004

Gazette & Courier - Monday, September 7, 1874
Josie Mansfield has again come to light, this time in a suit against Nathan Appleton [the improvident son of a wealthy Boston m

Josie Mansfield has again come to light, this time in a suit against Nathan Appleton [the improvident son of a wealthy Boston merchant and manufacturer]for $15,000 damages, sustained by his making false representations to her, as she says, of the condition of the firm of Bowles Brothers & Co.

Subjects: Boston (MA), Business Enterprises, Economics, Family, Law and Lawyers, Light, Prostitution, Rich People, Scandals, Vendors and Purchasers, Women

Posted by stew - Sun, May 23, 2004

Gazette & Courier - Monday, August 31, 1874
William B. Astor is over 80, and old age is telling on him pretty rapidly. He will leave a little matter of seventy millions or so when he dies.

William B. Astor is over 80, and old age is telling on him pretty rapidly. He will leave a little matter of seventy millions or so when he dies.

Subjects: Obituaries, Old Age, Rich People

Posted by stew - Sun, May 23, 2004

Gazette & Courier - Monday, January 19, 1874
Commodor Vanderbilt's next birthday will be his 80th. William B. Astor's very nearly the same age, and A.T. Stewart very little less.

Commodor Vanderbilt’s next birthday will be his 80th. William B. Astor’s very nearly the same age, and A.T. Stewart very little less.

Subjects: Old Age, Rich People, Stewarts

Posted by stew - Sat, May 22, 2004

Gazette & Courier - Monday, August 31, 1874
A Cuban lady at Saratoga wears a necklace of American $20 gold pieces, valued at $500.

A Cuban lady at Saratoga wears a necklace of American $20 gold pieces , valued at $500.

Subjects: Economics, Latin America, Rich People, Women, Jewelry / Gold / Silver / Treasure

Posted by stew - Wed, May 12, 2004

Gazette & Courier - Monday, August 31, 1874
(Greenfield) Quintus Allen has deeded his farm on which he lives in the Upper Meadows, to his wife's sons, Fred Kelley and

(Greenfield) Quintus Allen has deeded his farm on which he lives in the Upper Meadows, to his wife's sons, http://www.shypuppy..../GREENRIVER/o06.html Fred Kelley and Frank Kelley . Mr. Allen feels the infirmities of age creeping over him, and desires to take life easier, which his ample means enables him to do. He and his wife will continue to reside on the farm.

Subjects: Diseases, Family, Farmers & Farming / Flowers, Greenfield (MA), Old Age, Rich People, Women

Posted by stew - Wed, May 12, 2004

Gazette & Courier - Monday, August 31, 1874
President Grant and party reached Newport by the new steamer City of Peking, at half past 2 thurs. morning, and proceeded to Martha'

http://www.marthasdi...fness/community.html President Grant and party reached Newport by the new steamer City of Peking, at half past 2 thurs. morning, and proceeded to Martha's Vineyard the same day. The party was composed of President Grant and wife, vice-President Wilson, Surgeon General Barnes, wife, and daughter, Gen. Babcock and wife, Gen. Horace Porter, Secretary Belknap, Postmaster General Marshall Jewell, J.W. Kellogg and Charles Benedict of Connecticut, George W. Child of Philadelphia, Rev. S.H. Tyng, Jr. of New York, George M. Pullman and wife, and others including quite a large delegation of prominent Massachusetts men. They were formally welcomed to Massachusetts at Fall River by Lieut. Governor Talbot, with his staff and council. This visit was a great event for Martha's Vineyard, as no president has ever before honored the island with his presence. The crowd that it drew thither was the largest ever seen at the vineyard.

Subjects: Charlemont (MA), Chinese, Connecticut, Government, Mail, Massachusetts, Medical Personnel, Religion, Rich People, Rivers / Lakes / Oceans, Trains, Transportation, Vacations, War / Weaponry, Women

Posted by stew - Tue, May 11, 2004

Gazette & Courier - Monday, August 31, 1874
Secret nuptials made known after 15 years

Secret nuptials made known after 15 years - About the 17th of June a notice appeared in the New York Tribune stating the death of a Mr. Armitage of England. It went on to say that Mr. Armitage, on his death bed, stated that in 1859 he was in this country and in the village of http://www.epodunk.c...nfo.php?locIndex=543 Dundee ; that he secretly married a young lady named Candace Bilven, 2nd or third daughter of John Bilven of that place, and after the marriage left Dundee and his wife and has never been back to claim her. It appears that when he left he went to Italy, but how long he was there, or what happened to him, is not definitely known. The stoy is that his mother died soon after leaving Dundee, and that he was so overcome by the loss that he lost his reason, which prevented his returning as expected. The pargraph in the Tribune was the first intimation of the affair that anyone in Dundee had ever had of it, not excepting even the parents of the girl, and was at first looked upon as a mistake or singular mystery. But she that was known as Candace Bilven is still living, and at once corroborated the story of the marriage, and told the name of the minister who performed the ceremony. And several in the village, on reflection, remembered that there was there such a person as Armitage in the fall of 1859. But why the marriage was thus performed, or why it has never been told of is still a mystery. It is believed, however, that Armitage was a younger son of some of the nobility of England, at any rate connected in some way with a very wealthy family, and that the marriage had to be kept still in order not to jeopardize interest in the property. It is furthermore said that he has lately come into possession of his estate, was able to acknowledge his marriage, and was coming after his wife when overtaken by the hand of death. She has been known always as a respectable lady, though acting rather singularly sometimes. The strange manner in which the marriage was made public - stating the name of the bride and that of her father and several circumstances all correctly - proves the truth apparently of that side of the story, while her acknowledgement of it of course leaves no doubt that such an affair actually did take place (Scuyler county N.Y. Democrat).

Subjects: English (and England), Family, Furniture, Italians, Literature / Web Pages, Marriage and Elopement, Names, Obituaries, Religion, Rich People, Royalty, Suicide, Women

Posted by stew - Mon, May 10, 2004

Gazette & Courier - Monday, August 31, 1874
Newport villas

Newport villas - The time when one could live economically there, unless in a boarding house, is not likely to return. As a summer residence Newport has grown to be a luxury forbidden to the many. The cost of erecting and furnishing a villa that could be thought in any sense elegant, including the grounds and laying out, is from $50,000 to $200,000. Some of the houses are really beautiful - all that taste and money can make them. They are in different styles, French villas, Swiss chalets, and English cottages most abounding, a few of so composite and harmonious an order as to defy determination. Bellevue Avenue , until recently, has been the favorite and fashionable quarter; but it is so nearly filled that it is necessary to seek other localities. The most handsome and of course most expensive residences are in that avenue, though the Bath Road , Cliff Walk , http://www.nationalt...ust_sites/touro.html Touro Street , and Narragansett Avenue are very little behind it in the quality of the dwellings. Nowhere else are there so many dainty roofs to cover the darlings of fortune from July and August floods of sunshine. Rose wood, French walnut, damask, lace, marbles, bronzes, engravings, paintings, cabinets, carvings, frescoes, aquaria, ferneries, porcelain, make interiors brilliantly attractive; and statues, grottoes, terraces, conservatories, fish ponds, arbors, summer houses, hedges, parterres, yield symmetry and charmfulness to grounds and gardens which cannot fail to captivate the eye and stimulate the fancy. Many of the villas are so shut in by shrubbery as to be hidden from the street, but pleasant laughter and sweet voices and high bred accents heard through the foliage paint pictures to the imagination fairer than the closest inspection may reveal. It is pleasant to drive through the fashionable quarters, and observe how comfortable, if not contented, large incomes can render most people in this world. There is an air of unmistakable gentility about Newport that few watering places have. Neither there nor anywhere under the canopy are the majority of the men and women cultured and chivalrous, beautiful and elegant, but the society is generally good, and its manners are unobtrusive. There are no horse-jockeys, blacklegs, billiard makers, nor cozeners masquerading in ill fitting garments of gentlemen; no ballet dancers, clairvoyants, demi reps, nor adventuresses flashing jewels and gaiety, with a mistaken notion of fine lady ista [sic]. Those who are under-bred do not strive to cover their deficiency by pronounced and blatant proletarianism. On the contrary they restrain themselves, and thus take their first lesson in self discipline, which is the foundation of agreeable behavior. Nobody need be offended by uttered courseness or flaunting vulgarity on the borders of the Narragansett. Life there has a certain quiet neutral tint, notwithstanding its under-hue of richness, that seldom flares and never flocks. The tropical fault of the greater part of the villas is that they are too far away from the sea, not within sight or sound of it even. In Bellevue Avenue, for example, you might, for all the glimpses of suggestion of the ocean, be a hundred miles inland in the midst of a wide spreading prairie or on a mountain plateau ( Junius Henri Browne , in Harper's Magazine for August).

Subjects: Amusements, Art, Charlemont (MA), Criminals, Dance, Economics, English (and England), Etiquette, Eye, Farmers & Farming / Flowers, Fashion, Fishes and Fishing, Floods, French, Furniture, Horses, Hotels, Households, Literature / Web Pages, Prostitution, Rich People, Roads, Spiritualism, Statues, Transportation, Trees, Vacations, Weather, Women, Words, Work, Architecture / Construction, Jewelry / Gold / Silver / Treasure

Posted by stew - Sun, May 9, 2004

Gazette & Courier - Monday, August 24, 1874
Frank D. Moulton

http://www.picturehi...nd/p/19691/mcms.html Frank D. Moulton - He is a young man about 38 years old, with a ruddy face, sandy complexion, straight red hair, erect carriage, smart and energetic in step, and a man of splendid business capacity. He has worked himself right up through from a store boy to a partnership in one of the most successful houses in New York. His father is a respectable http://facweb.stvinc...40/Images/irving.htm Knickerbocker , a man of fair wealth, which he made partly by a heavy coal trade, and partly by the rise of property in the upper part of the city. The elder Mr. Moulton was a neighbor and enthusiastic friend of Horace Greeley. He was an earnest reformer and member of the Committee of Seventy . He owed his start to his connection with the Beekman Family . Frank attended the Free School, or Free Academy as it is called. He was not only the associate of Theodore Tilton. There a friendship formed which has continued to this day, He has the reputation of being a bold, manly, powerful fellow with views of justness and fairness which sometimes almost warp him. The intimate relation existing between Mr. Moulton and Mr. Tilton, brought Mr. Beecher to an acquaintance with the former. When Mr. Beecher gives his confidence he gives it without stint. As he had to confide in someone, believing Mr. Moulton to be the soul of honor, he just laid bare to him his entire heart. He has written to Moulton stacks of letters, some of them breathing as ardent an attachment and affection as a school girl would write to a lover. Whether all these things are to be laid bare in the public is a question of some moment. Mr. Moulton has acquired a princely fortune in his business, and lived in fine style on the Heights. Out of friendship for Mr. Tilton, Moulton furnished the funds which started and for a time ran "The Golden Age". During the whole of the council matters Moulton was the most intimate friend and adviser of Mr. Beecher. If anybody wanted the pastor of Plymouth church and he was not at home, he was sought for at Frank Moulton's ("Burleigh" in Boston Journal).

Subjects: Barber / Hair, Boston (MA), Businesspeople, Children, Coal, Education, Family, Households, Literature / Web Pages, Politics, Religion, Rich People, Royalty, Scandals, Sex Crimes, Stores, Retail, Urbanization / Cities, Vendors and Purchasers, Women, Work

Posted by stew - Sun, May 9, 2004

Gazette & Courier - Monday, August 24, 1874
30 years ago a young Jew named Seligman was engaged in painting at Eaton Pa. at 62 cents per day, and his brother was employed by Asa Packe

30 years ago a young Jew named Seligman was engaged in painting at Eaton Pa. at 62 cents per day, and his brother was employed by Asa Packer, one of the railroad kings of Pennsylvania, at $100 per year. Tiring of low wages and salaries, the two young men went to California, where there was then a wide and profitable field for energy and enterprise, just such as they possessed, and used it to great advantage, which secured to them a large amount of wealth. In due time they returned to New York, which gave them a more suitable field for employing their large capital for a time in mercantile pursuits, and there they became prominent bankers in large financial operations on their own account, and agents for the Rothschilds. Just now the name of the firm, the Seligmans, is prominently connected with the negotiation of the $179,000,000 of 5% bond.

Subjects: Business Enterprises, Businesspeople, Economics, Family, Jews, Rich People, Royalty, Stores, Retail, Trains, Vendors and Purchasers, Work

Posted by stew - Sat, May 8, 2004

Gazette & Courier - Monday, August 24, 1874
The Tynan mystery at Boston

The Tynan mystery at Boston - The detectives at Boston think they have at last secured the man who made the murderous assault on Mary Tynan, at 34 Oxford Street, Boston July 1, which has been so much of a mystery ever since. Dana S. Colby [ http://freepages.gen...y/colbyfam/d105.html Dana Samson Colby ], who has been mentioned several times as her lover and perhaps her seducer, was taken before the municipal court Mon., and held in $10,000 bonds for examination on the 16th of Sept. Colby has been under suspicion for some time, and several items of evidence that have been made public look badly for him. It is known that he is a wood turner, and that his kit of tools comprises all of those used in the trade except a one inch beveled gauge, but he had such a gauge previous to the murder; and that the wounds upon the person of Mary Tyson were inflicted by a weapon similar to a gauge of this description. The assault was undoubtedly made between the hours of 6 and 8:30 o'clock in the morning, and Colby is unable to account for the time between those hours. He has told many contradictory stories about the matter, though always denying that he knows anything about the assault. He however, admits that he has looked in at the window of her room, suspecting that somebody was with her there. If he committed the assault, the motive was doubtless jealousy. He has been closeted with the officers for several days. He has visited Miss Tynan frequently since she has been in the hospital, and it is supposed that he has promised that he will marry her if she will not witness against him. She manifests the greatest regard for him, and evidently knows more than she is willing to tell. She says however, that she got up at 6 o'clock on the morning of the assault, and raised her window, but as to what happened subsequently she is silent. She has been gradually improving, so that she has nearly recovered her powers, and her recovery is most wonderful, it being thought all the time when she was found in her bed that she would live but a few hours, her mind seeming to be entirely gone. Colby will probably get out of confinement, as he has wealthy friends who may be willing to furnish bail.

Subjects: Boston (MA), Courts, Courtship, Crime, Criminals, Economics, Furniture, Glass / Windows, Marriage and Elopement, Medicine / Hospitals, Murder, Police, Prisons, Rich People, Seduction, Sex Crimes, Trees, Women, Work

Posted by stew - Sat, May 8, 2004

Gazette & Courier - Monday, August 24, 1874
Baron Anselm de Rothschild, who died recently at his country seat near Vienna, possessed wealth estimated at more than $200,000,000 Baron Anselm de Rothschild , who died recently at his country seat near Vienna, possessed wealth estimated at more than $200,000,000. By his express desire, his funeral was celebrated without any pomp. The hearse was drawn by two horse and followed only by a few servants.

Subjects: Economics, Germans, Horses, Mourning Customs, Obituaries, Rich People, Royalty, Transportation

Posted by stew - Sat, May 8, 2004

Gazette & Courier - Monday, August 24, 1874
A brief career of love and crime

A brief career of love and crime - Robert Castleberg, who was arrested at Albany N.Y. Mon. on a charge of grand larceny, is of a very wealthy family of Baltimore. Two months ago, he fell in love with a beautiful actress connected with the Jefferson company, and persuaded her to leave the stage, and fly with him to some spot where they might enjoy each other’s society without interference from his friends. At New York, he obtained $15,000 of diamonds and jewely on trust, which he wasted in gambling and high living. He then fled to Boston with the girl and afterward to Providence followed by detectives. From the latter city he sent his companion back to New York and escaped to Albany. It is thought that his friends will prevent his trial by settling the affair.

Subjects: Boston (MA), Courts, Courtship, Crime, Criminals, Family, Gambling, Police, Rich People, Robbers and Outlaws, Shelburne and Shelburne Falls (MA), Women, Work, Jewelry / Gold / Silver / Treasure

Posted by stew - Sun, Apr 25, 2004

Gazette & Courier - Monday, August 24, 1874
Lieut. Fred Grant [Frederick Dent Grant] and Miss Honore [Ida Honore<

Lieut. Fred Grant [ http://www.picturehi...nd/p/15779/mcms.html Frederick Dent Grant ] and Miss Honore [ http://www.picturehi...nd/p/15779/mcms.html Ida Honore ] of Chicago - sister of Mrs. Potter Palmer - are engaged, and will marry in Oct.

Subjects: Family, Marriage and Elopement, Politics, Rich People, Women

Posted by stew - Sun, Apr 25, 2004

Gazette & Courier - Monday, August 24, 1874
The Astors own 1500 houses in New York City.

The Astors own 1500 houses in New York City.

Subjects: Family, Households, Rich People

Posted by stew - Thu, Apr 8, 2004

Gazette & Courier - Monday, August 17, 1874
It don't pay

It don’t pay - It don’t pay to have 50 working men poor and ragged, in order to have one saloon keeper dressed in broadcloth and flush of money. It don’t pay to have these 50 working men live on bone soup and half rations, in order that one saloon keeper may flourish on roast turkey and champagne. It don’t pay to have the mothers and children of 20 families dress in rags, starved into the semblance of emaciated scarecrows and live in hovels, in order that the saloon-keeper’s wife may dress in satin and her children grow fat and hearty and live in a bay window parlor. It don’t pay to have one citizen in the county jail because another citizen sells him liquor. It don’t pay to have 10 smart, active and intelligent boys transformed into hoodlums amd thieves, to enable one man to lead an easy life by selling them liquor. It don’t pay to hang one citizen because another citizen sold him liquor. It don’t pay to give one man, for $15 a quarter, a license to sell liquor, and then spend $20,000 on the trial of Tip McLaughlin for buying that liquor, and then committing murder under its influence. It don’t pay to have 1000 homes blasted, ruined, defiled and turned into hells of disorder and misery, in order that one wholesale liquor dealer may amass a large fortune. It don’t pay to keep 1000 men in the penitentiaries and hospitals, and 1000 in the lunatic asylum, at the expense of the industrious, honest tax payers, in order that a few rich capitalists may grow richer by the manufacture of whiskey. It don’t pay to permit the existence of a traffic which only results in crime, poverty, misery, and death, and which never did, never does, never can, and never will do any good. It never pays to do wrong; your sin will find you out; whether others find it out or not, the sin knows where you are and will always keep you posted of the fact; It don’t pay (California Rescue).

Subjects: Bars (Drinking establishments), Birds, Business Enterprises, Businesspeople, Children, Courts, Crime, Criminals, Economics, Executions and Executioners, Family, Fashion, Food, Glass / Windows, Government, Households, Insanity, Irish, Juvenile Delinquents, Law and Lawyers, Liquors, Meat, Medicine / Hospitals, Murder, Obituaries, Poor, Prisons, Religion, Rich People, Robbers and Outlaws, Sales, Temperance, Women

Posted by stew - Sun, Apr 4, 2004

Gazette & Courier - Monday, August 10, 1874
A family unpleasantness in Connecticut

A family unpleasantness in Connecticut - The domestic troubles of Mr. Stephen A. Alden, a wealthy New York broker, who has a handsome residence at Westport Ct., are something quite remarkable. Mr. Alden’s age is nearly 70, while that of his last wife is probably 40 years less. He had been divorced from a former wife, and the common report that their life was anything but harmonious is confirmed by the fact that March 23, 1873, he was divorced by the superior court, sitting in Bridgeport, from his second wife. No opposition was made to the suit for divorce by the respondent, and the court awarded to Mrs. Alden $60,000 alimony. After the separation, the feeling of unpleasantness between the lately married pair grew into a decided animosity. Mrs. Alden built and occupied a small house in Westport, and whenver she and Mr. Alden happened to meet, their mutual enmity found expression in bitter words and such ridiculous acts as making contemptuous gestures with their several hands placed in connection with their respective noses. As the breach between Mr. Alden and his late wife grew wider, his daughter, Mrs. Ada Trubee, herself a party in a prolonged divorce suit with her husband, seemed to grow in his regard. In Feb. 1873, Mr. Alden conveyed to her his personal property in Westport, and in the following Oct., he transferred to her his residence and other real estate in the town. The property was valued at from $75,000 to $100,000, and the transfer was made with all the legal formalities. In the panic excitement of last fall, Mr. Alden lost about $400,000 in stock speculations. He claimed that fraudulent measures had been used in depriving him of this sum and brought suit against certain parties to recover. The divorced wife was, however, a very important witness, and the value of her testimony, it is believed, led to a reconciliation, and the lately severed pair resumed matrimonial relations. In fact, there was so complete a return of Mr. Alden’s regard for his wife, that April 2, 1874, he conveyed to her the identical property that he had previously conveyed to his daughter, this conveyance, like the other, being made with all the forms of law. Of course Mrs. Trubee did not propose to quietly see the property spirited from her pssession in this manner, and a few days ago, sheriff Sanford of Newton and city sheriff Whiting of Bridgeport went to Westport to attach all the property in dispute, on a suit to establish her title to it. She also brought suit against the former Mrs. Alden, to recover $6000 damage for slander. The officers, who went prepared to execute their mission with all necessary force, carried out their instructions with no serious opposition, although considerable excitement was aroused by their visit. The divorced wife telegraphed to Stratford and New York for her counsel, and promptly gave bonds to $5000 to answer for the suit for slander. The other property was attached and receipted according to form. The controversy will now be carried into the courts, where an interesting contest may be expected. Mr. Alden, before the panic, was reported to be a millionaire. On the same day, Mrs. Trubee was arrested on a charge of adultery with Daniel C. Birdsall, and Birdsall was arrested at Bridgeport on a like charge. Both of the acused were brought before Judge Perry, who released them on their giving bonds in the sum of $2000 each, to appear for trial before the superior court.

Subjects: Connecticut, Contests, Courts, Crime, Criminals, Divorce, Economics, Family, Households, Law and Lawyers, Marriage and Elopement, Police, Rich People, Sex Crimes, Telegraphs / Telephones, Women, Words, Work, Architecture / Construction

Posted by stew - Sun, Apr 4, 2004

Gazette & Courier - Monday, August 10, 1874
The Victorian Colony in Kansas

The Victorian Colony in Kansas - George Grant , the proprietor of the famous http://www.haysusa.n...dy_agri-tourism.html Victoria Colony in Kansas, is the largest land holder in America. He is a Scotch gentleman, who acquired a large fortune as a silk merchant in London, and who, with an enterprise and energy as unflagging as that of an ambitious youth who still has a fortune to make, comes over here with his 50 years' experience and ample fortune, which he invests in the soil of Kansas, and in the improvement of stock. Mr. Grant has just returned to St. Louis from Chicago, where he went to meet stock coming from Canada. His land continues to be taken up by Scotch, English and American parties. About 20 square miles have been taken up by New Yorkers, among whom are Mr. Gunther, nephew of the Mayor, Mr. Shields, and Messrs. Clarke, Fisk, Flagg and others. Mr. Moller, owner of the largest sugar refinery in New York, has lately come out with his wife and daughter, and taken up 3 square miles along Big Creek River. An English gentleman, Mr. Ratcliff of London, has purchased 3 separate miles for himself, and 4 square miles for 2 of his friends. They all intend to come out with their families next Spring. This colony differs in every respect from others founded in the United States, most of its settlers being persons of fair fortunes, who are seeking a healthy climate and country life (Letter from Kansas).

Subjects: Animals / Reptiles, Business Enterprises, Businesspeople, Emigration and Immigration, English (and England), Family, Food, Government, Mail, Rich People, Rivers / Lakes / Oceans, Vendors and Purchasers, Weather, Women, Scots and Scotland, Canada

Posted by stew - Fri, Apr 2, 2004

Gazette & Courier - Monday, August 10, 1874
Fitchburg has a sensation in the arrest of Jacob H. Fairbanks, one of her wealthy citizens, for violating a city ordinance and assaulting a

Fitchburg has a sensation in the arrest of Jacob H. Fairbanks , one of her wealthy citizens, for violating a city ordinance and assaulting an officer. An officer was sent to arrest him for causing to be driven through the streets the day before, a wagon containing night soil , when Fairbanks tore up the warrant and pitched into the policeman. On the one complaint he has been fined $5 and costs, while in the other he has given $500 bonds for his appearance on the 18th.

Subjects: Crime, Criminals, Law and Lawyers, Outhouses, Police, Rich People, Roads, Transportation

Posted by stew - Thu, Apr 1, 2004

Gazette & Courier - Monday, August 10, 1874
"Real Folks"

"Real Folks" - The above is the title of one of the books of Mrs. A.D.T. Whitney [ http://www.whitneyge...ography/adeline.html Adeline Dutton Train Whitney ], who has written other books, each small in compass, but large in purpose, and alive with noble thought. One of the real folks in this large little book is Kenneth Kinkaid, a young man just beginning the struggle of life with no resources save his capacity, energy and manly aspirations. His uncle was a wealthy money broker, who seemed to be endowed with the fabled Touch of Midas, which changed everything it felt to gold. The uncle offered Kenneth a partnership in his business, which would have assured him of a life of ease and wealth, as Johnson said of Thrale's brewers' vats , beyond the dreams of avarice. Kenneth declined the offer, and to the uncle's astounded start at what he deemed such supreme folly and hopeless idiocy, replied: "Gold stands for work, and if I ever have any, I will buy it with work. I want to do some real thing". So her perfected himself in the profession of an architect and built houses, churches, edifices and private, social and public utilities, real things, positive values, that will remain after fancy stocks and all fraudulent pretense of value have been whirled away into the inanity they came from. A few such characters as Felix Holt, Kenneth Kinkaid and the "Silent Partner" might neutralize whole libraries of sensational novels and elevate fiction to its true function of a teacher of the higher moralities. Kenneth's words contain the pure essence of true political economy.

Subjects: Bicycles & Bicycling, Business Enterprises, Dreams / Sleep, Economics, Education, Family, Households, Libraries and Librarians, Literature / Web Pages, Masculinity (Machismo), Religion, Rich People, Women, Work, Architecture / Construction

Posted by stew - Wed, Mar 31, 2004

Gazette & Courier - Monday, August 10, 1874
The Tilton

The Tilton-Beecher affair...Joseph Howard Jr., editor and proprietor of the New York Daily Star, an intimate friend of Henry Ward Beecher, had an altercation Mon. night with L.B. Howell, a wealthy merchant of Brooklyn. Howell addressed Howard relative to the Beecher-Tilton scandal, and insisted that Beecher was guilty of all the charges preferred against him. Howard defended Beecher, and slapped Howell in the face. He was arrested and taken to the Police station. Mrs. Tilton’s cross examination before the committee is made public, and it places Theodore before the public in even a worse light than her previous statement. She accuses him of the meanest possible conduct toward her, charging him with cruelty, unjust suspicion and a violation of the rules of common courtesy. As before she positively denies the charge of criminality...

Subjects: Courts, Criminals, Etiquette, Light, Literature / Web Pages, Police, Religion, Rich People, Scandals, Sex Crimes, Vendors and Purchasers, Wife Abuse, Women, Work

Posted by stew - Mon, Mar 29, 2004

Gazette & Courier - Monday, September 29, 1873
The end of the The end of the http://www.history.o...l_on_money_1879.html panic - The storm which burst upon a quiet and prosperous country on Thurs., and which raged in fury till the end of the week, was found on Mon. morning to have substantially passed over, leaving Wall Street, New York, strewn with its wrecks.If it had not been for the press, however, the rest of the country would have known nothing about the matter, for it did not share the cause nor really feel the disturbance. In a general sense, therefore, the visitation was not much of a shower. It was rather a terrific cyclone , cutting a narrow, ruthless swath through the stock market, where it went like a pestilence, according to the impurity which bred it. Within this narrow sphere there was a shrinkage of value of over $100,000,000, sweeping away, of course, many fortunes as if by the collapse of a bubble. And yet there was as much money in the country on Sat. night as there had been on Thurs. morning; nothing had been destroyed as in the great fires of Chicago and Boston, and the general world of industry and business was jogging along just the same all the while [Obviously this article was written by someone who knew little or nothing about economics].

Subjects: Boston (MA), Business Enterprises, Charlemont (MA), Economics, Fires, Literature / Web Pages, Rich People, Roads, Weather

Posted by stew - Sun, Mar 28, 2004

Gazette & Courier - Monday, August 10, 1874
Among the guests at one of our well known summer resorts is a wealthy bachelor, whose bank account is much better than his orthography. A party of guests were playing a game where a ball made of a ha

Among the guests at one of our well known summer resorts is a wealthy bachelor, whose bank account is much better than his orthography. A party of guests were playing a game where a ball made of a handkerchief is thrown from one to the other with the salutation of http://www.rbhayes.o...l/noyes_journal.html "Here comes a ship laden with__" , each succesive receiver being obliged to name a commodity for cargo beginning with the letters of the alphabet in turn. When the kerchief alighted at the letter K in the bachelor's lap, he shouted "Krockery", which excited a smile, and the game hastily proceeded when it was found that the word was really given in good faith and not as a joke. The roguishness of a young lady, however, caused the flying messenger to alight on his lap a second time at the letter S, whereas the receiver shouted "Sinnamon" so triumphantly that somehow or other there was so much laughing that it was thought best to try another game.

Subjects: Amusements, Hotels, Pottery / Crockery, Rich People, Spelling, Transportation, Vacations, Women

Posted by stew - Sun, Mar 28, 2004

Gazette & Courier - Monday, August 10, 1874
A WAshington widow, who is the happy possessor of $10,000 is reported to have received, and discharged, 8 offers of marriage from discharged clerks in one day and two nights.

A WAshington widow, who is the happy possessor of $10,000 is reported to have received, and discharged, 8 offers of marriage from discharged clerks in one day and two nights.

Subjects: Economics, Rich People, Widows and Widowers, Women, Work

Posted by stew - Sun, Mar 28, 2004

Gazette & Courier - Monday, August 3, 1874
Naming children

Naming children - One of the most common, foolish, and mischievous habits is that of naming babies after historic characters, of persons who have achieved contemporaneous distinction. The smaller the chance the children have of ever achieving any resemblance to those with whose title they are crushed from the first, the greater the likelihood of the bestowal of such titles. A narrow and ignorant man, living in some rural and semi-civilized region, is more inclined to call his boy, born under every disadvantage of circumstances, after some celebrated poet or scholar, than a wealthy and cultivated citizen would be on whom fatherhood had fallen. A woman to whom fate has always been unkind, whom poverty and toil have narrowed and vulgarized, blindly reaches out to the ideal by stamping her graceless and commonplace daughter with a name acquired from a popular romance. It may be said that fair names may exercise a favorable influence, and serve as models and patterns for the namesake. So they may, if there be any similarity or concord between the two; but when there is not, when the two natures are opposite, perchance antagonistic, the heavy capital outweighs and weakens the slender column. Names, to be beneficial, must either find or beget corresponding tendencies. The injury William Shakespeare, John Milton, George Washington, Daniel Webster and a hundred others have done at the baptismal font, can never be reckoned. Hundreds of promising and naturally clever boys have been spoiled by indiscretions of nomenclature...(Galaxy).

Subjects: Children, Family, History, Literature / Web Pages, Luck, Names, Poetry, Poor, Religion, Rich People, Women, Work

Posted by stew - Sun, Mar 28, 2004

Gazette & Courier - Monday, August 3, 1874
An important suit ended

An important suit ended - The suit which has been pending for several years between the heirs of Stephen A. Douglas and the executor of his estate was decided Mon. aft. by Judge Williams at Chicago in favor of the heirs. This decision gives the heirs, Robert Douglas [ http://www.lib.uchic.../excat/douglas2.html Robert Martin Douglas ] and http://26.1911encycl...S_STEPHEN_ARNOLD.htm Stephen A. Douglas Jr. [Stephen Arnold Douglas Jr.] about $250,000. When Mr. Douglas died, he left Dr. P. Rhodes of Cleveland as his executor. His property, mostly real estate in Chicago, being offered for sale. Rhodes agreed with one Dobbins that, if the latter brought in all the property, he would take 1/3 off his hands. This was done, and the speculators made an immense sum from their investment. The suit was brought to recover on the ground that an executor cannot be interested directly or indirectly in the purchase of property at his own sale and the judge so decided. But one half of the value of the property was decreed to the children. The other portion would have gone to the widow [ http://www.picturehi...nd/p/21321/mcms.html Adele Cutts ], but she was barred, having allowed too long a time to elapse before asserting her rights.

Subjects: Courts, Economics, Family, Law and Lawyers, Medical Personnel, Obituaries, Politics, Rich People, Sales, Vendors and Purchasers, Widows and Widowers, Women

Posted by stew - Wed, Mar 24, 2004

Gazette & Courier - Monday, August 3, 1874
(Greenfield) From a private letter to a citizen of Ithaca, dated Greenfield, Mass., we are permitted to make the following extract: "Miss Laura G. and a few friends of hers had been "doing" the Hoosa

(Greenfield) From a private letter to a citizen of Ithaca, dated Greenfield, Mass., we are permitted to make the following extract: "Miss Laura G. and a few friends of hers had been "doing" the Hoosac Tunnel, and were going over the mountain to spend the night in North Adams, see the central shaft, etc. They were quick enough to get the outside of the coach, while a Greenfield gentleman, who was taking some Chicago friends (aristocracy) the same trip, had to take the inside, much to their chagrin. While going up the mountain the outside party were having a gay time, provided with spyglasses, etc. The inside party could see but little, and didn’t seem to enjoy it much. Time was evidently hanging heavily on their hands. At last, when near the top, the gentleman inside said, in a tone intended to be very severe upon the natives: "Can anyone tell us how far it is to civilization?" "Only to the top of the coach, sir", was the ready answer from Miss G. from the outside, and such a shout as went up was sufficient to silence the Greenfield gentleman. It was the best thing in the way of a rub I have heard in a long time. Laura said if she had taken a second thought she would not have said it".

Subjects: Amusements, Glass / Windows, Greenfield (MA), Hoosac Tunnel (MA), Literature / Web Pages, Rich People, Transportation, Women, Words, Berkshire County (MA)

Posted by stew - Tue, Mar 23, 2004

Gazette & Courier - Monday, February 16, 1874
(Deerfield) Old Deerfield Street, always originating some entertainment or organization to while away and make enjoyable the long winter evenings, boasts this season among other things a Shakespeare

(Deerfield) Old Deerfield Street, always originating some entertainment or organization to while away and make enjoyable the long winter evenings, boasts this season among other things a Shakespeare Club, composed of a score of ladies and gentlemen, who have met weekly through the winter and thoroughly enjoyed it, and we trust derived some benefit. Each week a play has been selected and a committee appointed to make up a cast, which has been read the week following, the company assembling at each other's home alternately. The Club has received several invitations to meet with friends and members, outside the village and town. One of these has been accepted, and so enjoyable was the result that the experiment will be repeated with other parties at no distant day. A lady in Conway, an old and favorite resident of our village, having invited the club there on Fri. eve., we piled into a big sleigh and after a delightful ride, sundry laughable adventures adding to its uniqueness, reached the residence of http://worldconnect....b=selvage1&id=I35822 Chandler Field [the older brother of the famous http://chicago.urban.../d_stores/fields.htm Marshall Field ] early in the evening, where a hearty welcome awaited us. The Club, as is always its wont, immediately began to make itself at home, and after a generous entertainment, impromptu charades, games, etc., to say nothing of puns in the give and take order, filled up the eve. in a manner the most jovial and delightful. The Club feel very grateful to Mrs. F. for her invitation and to both for their hospitable and entertaining treatment. Among the many interesting diversions of the eve., perhaps the most enjoyed as the most deserving, was an original poem composed for the occasion by Miss A.E. Snow, Assistant in the High School and a member of the Club. At the earnest solicitation of many, she has consented to its publication (The poem will be published in our next issue).

Subjects: Amusements, Clubs, Conway (MA), Deerfield (MA), Education, Family, Households, Jokes, Literature / Web Pages, Poetry, Rich People, Roads, Show Business, Stores, Retail, Transportation, Women, Work

Posted by stew - Tue, Mar 23, 2004

Gazette & Courier - Monday, January 8, 1872

Conway - progress - Conway, at present, is the subject of our theme. To say nothing here of R.T.'s factories [ http://archiver.root...L/2003-02/1044391739 Richard Tucker's cotton warps and yarn factory] and immense wealth, and literary institutions of course, that loom up magnificently in the vista of the future, Conway can sketch tangible facts that she may be rationally proud of. The beautiful - in prospect - when finished - Methodist Church, the corner stone of which was laid 3 months since, has so far progressed toward completion, that the Society worshipped in the basement on Sun. morning the 17th, and the Sunday School held their first concert in the same place in the aft., which was a laudable success...On Tues. the 13th, the ladies of the Society prepared a Festival, the object of which was to raise funds to carpet the floors and add other comforts and conveniences not included in the contract with the builders. The enterprise of the fair ones was a great success, in which the net proceeds were over $250. The marriage of Ira Guilford of Ashfield and Ella Brown of Conway, by the Rev. Mr. Cook, Pastor, was an interesting incident of the evening...The ladies of the Congregational Society have recently extensively enlarged, improved and beautified the ante-rooms of their church, and they held a fair and prepared a rich entertainment for a festival on Christmas Day and evening, the object of which was to raise money to defray expenses incurred. A large and bountifully loaded Christmas tree was a special object to attract the attention of the devotees of Santa Claus...Justice demands that this imperfect communication should not be continued without special mention of Mr. Richard Tucker. He came into town some 14 years since, and commenced operations as a manufacturer in a quiet, unobtrusive manner. Since then he has done much for the town, not only in giving employment to a great number of poor families, but by special gratuitous benefactions...It is owing to his enterprise that a capacious reservoir was constructed which affords continuous power through all seasons of the year, to turn the wheels on http://archiver.root...L/2003-02/1044391739 South River . At one time http://archiver.root...L/2003-02/1044391739 Conway Bank was about to be transplanted to another town, and that purpose would have been effected had not Mr. Tucker thrown blocks before the wheels of the insidious machine that was to transport it. The last, though not the least, demonstration of his public and philanthropic spirit, was his agency in the erection of the http://archiver.root...L/2003-02/1045025166 Methodist Church now in process of completion...Progress is our theme...(by Senex).

Subjects: Ashfield (MA), Business Enterprises, Charity, Conway (MA), Economics, Fairs, Hampshire / Hampden Counties, Holidays, Music, Poor, Religion, Rich People, Rivers / Lakes / Oceans, Women, Architecture / Construction

Posted by stew - Sun, Mar 21, 2004

Gazette & Courier - Monday, August 3, 1874
(New Salem) Giles Brothers [known as "The Tiffany of the West", the wealthy jewelers, recently burnt out in Chicago, were, we are infor

(New Salem) Giles Brothers [known as "The Tiffany of the West", the wealthy jewelers, recently burnt out in Chicago, were, we are informed, New Salem boys, who have built up a magnificent business in this western city. Their loss from the fire was $250,000.

Subjects: Business Enterprises, Economics, Emigration and Immigration, Family, New Salem (MA), Rich People, Urbanization / Cities, Jewelry / Gold / Silver / Treasure

Posted by stew - Wed, Mar 17, 2004

Gazette & Courier - Monday, August 3, 1874
The Jews as merchants and money lenders

The Jews as merchants and money lenders - In one instance only have the Jews consented to change their habits of life, and in that we discover anew the marks of their perpetual suffering. From active and successful husbandmen and tillers of the soil, they have been transformed into merchants and money lenders. They seem to have wholly lost that love for nature and that agricultural skill that made Palestine a land of plenty. In Babylonia and Persia, under a comparatively gentle rule, they were rather farmers than traders. Even late in the Roman period, and probably until near the sixth century, they were chiefly an agricultural people. The Talmud abounds in allusions to the cultivation of fields and gardens of oil, wine and wheat, fruit and flowers. Its nice and varied rules of conduct relate chiefly to the people of rural districts rather than of cities. When the grat schools of Babylon and Pumbeditha were flourishing, and the vivid intellect of the Israelites was expanding into a literature of commentators and professors, the race was marked by an intense love for the Oriental lands they cultivated. But when the universal persecution fell upon them, when they were hunted from Babylonia and Persia, and began that remarkable series of wanderings from city to city, and from realm to realm, that has lasted for more than a thousand years, the manners of the race changed. They became a nation of traders. Industry, thrift, learning and rare acuteness they never lost, but they were never again to become peaceful tillers of the soil. They were forced to snatch opportunities of gain from the midst of their wanderings. They became the most acute and untiring of traders. Their wages and their profits were such as could be most easily handled and secured. They supplied the barbarous princes of Germany with the most costly drugs and spices of the East. They dealt in jewels that they could easily swallow or conceal, and in Oriental cloths that were of priceless value. They were the most active slave traders of the Middle Ages, and the church vainly heaped its maledictions on the Jew who should dare to purchase Christian slaves. Their capital in money probably grew from age to age. They were the common moneylenders of the early period. The Jews seem to have concentrated the wealth of the Middle Ages among themselves; they lent their money at an enormous interest and upon ample security; they accumulated immense fortunes, which they were obliged to hide from their persecutors in an aspect of extreme poverty. But their home was never again to be amidst the soft landscapes of Babylonia and Persia; and crowded together into a miserable Ghetto, living apart, accursed and forsaken in the walled, fortified and secure cities of Western Europe, they counted their secret gains, and sometimes displayed in their obscure dwellings a suspicious and Oriental splendor. Their daughters were clad in the rich silks of Persia, and shone with the gold and gems of the East (Harper’s Magazine).

Subjects: Economics, Education, Family, Farmers & Farming / Flowers, Fashion, Food, Germans, History, Households, Italians, Jews, Liquors, Literature / Web Pages, Medicine / Hospitals, Poor, Racism, Religion, Rich People, Royalty, Vendors and Purchasers, Women, Words, Work, Arabs, Europe, Jewelry / Gold / Silver / Treasure

Posted by stew - Wed, Mar 17, 2004

Gazette & Courier - Monday, August 3, 1874
A four

A four-fold marriage in the East - The Thakore [usually seen as thakur] of Bhownugger, a State some 200 miles from Bombay, in India, is a young man 17 years of age. His dominion being under British protection, he is politically a minor and under guardianship, but in his private life is supposed to have attained to majority. So he has got married. He married 4 times within 24 hours, and four maidens of the East became almost simultaneously the proud sharers of the home and honors of Tukhutsingh Juswatsing Thakore. The ceremonies occurred April 19 and 20, and were very elaborate. The brides were princesses of 4 noble families and of great wealth, one 14, the second 15, the third 22 and the 4th 11 years old. Some day before the weddings the brides were escorted to the chief city by a great and noisy procession. Each lady was seated in a closely contained car drawn by huge oxen, with horns encased in thick plates of gold. Each one arrived separately, not entering the city, but folowing native etiquette, encamping at various residences of wealthy relatives outside the walls until the 19th of April shall arrive. About noon of that day a larger and noisier procession headed by the young bridegroom went out to bring in the first bride. The meeting between the pair, and the marriage are thus described: "Her rath, or car, came in sight. The young Thakore alighted from his splended Kattywar mare , and having duly congratulated the guardians of the precious treasure within the rath (and, by the way, promised them handsome presents for bringing his wife to him safe and sound) he entered and sat himself down by the side of the Princess. This is a great innovation in those Rajpoor [i.e. Rajpur] rites and customs which the Thakores of Bhownuggur have hitherto adopted and followed. Formerly it was the custom for the bride to sit at the feet of the bridegroom on his entering the car, to show her subserviency to him. The Thakore's wise act on this occasion was noted with great approval by all but a few bigoted sticklers for caste. On the meeting of the pair the royal cortege proceeded to the house of a near relative of the Thakore. There in the central halls, jealously excluded from all but about a hundred of the noblest Rajpoors of Kattywar, the marriage took place. No Europeans were present; but it was rumored that a little Parsee - who plays, I believe, the role of a Boswell to the Thakore's Johnson - was allowed to peep at one or two of the less important ceremonies. The Rajpoor rite is a simple one; men from that caste from time immemorial have been better fighters than ritualists. A few flowers are sprinkled, altar and pan distributed, the deity invoked, then the lares and penates duly honored, the bride duly authenticated and handed over to the bridegroom, and then comes the moment when the bridegroom first removes the sacred caftan, and catches a glimpse of the face of the girl he has married - and it is all over. This ceremony completed, the Thakore carried his new made wife to his palace, and seeing her safely ensconced, rushed off to marry the other waiting brides. The great event was duly honored at night by immense bonfires and displays of fire works. The brides had immense dowries, and their trousseaux were extravagantly rich and varied. One of the ladies, a princess of Gondul, had about 5000 silk dresses. The trousseau of this lady is described as follows by a European who had the privilege of inspecting it. "There were huge shawls, clothes, scarfs, mantles, counterpanes and handkerchiefs of silk, embroidered with gold and silver thread work. Here was a shawl from Benares, with gods in gold and silver worked on a lilac ground of softest silk; another lay outspread beside it, representing a flock of small yellow birds nestling in innumerable flowery bowers. One Kattywar shawl cost, according to my information, 600 rupees. The most gorgeous of the other cloths were literally stiff with gold. The patterns were exquisite in many instances. I especially noticed a silver veil, sprinkled with pale blue and primrose colored flowers. One dress, all blue satin and silver embroidery, resembled an Italian sky seen through a gentle shower of snow or lilies. Nearly every cloth lying before me cost more than 500 rupees each. Around and near these dresses lay a most extraordinary litter of various valuables, gold, silver, and brass dishes, precious stones, fans, armlets, bracelets, nose and ear and finger rings, massive ornaments for the forehead, breast and ankle, necklaces sparkling with ruby and diamond, emerald, amethyst, topaz, opal and pearl, rosewater, bottles of pure gold, basins of silver, and huge brass cooking utensils, tubes and tiaras and chains, sapphire pendants and enameled jugs and ewers, silver lamps and trinkets rough with precious jewels, and a hundred other articles of value for use or ornament. And mind, this was but a small part of the trousseau of one of the four brides whom the Thakore of Bhownuggur had married! I was simply mute with astonishment when one of the Ministers informed me whilst I was looking at the things, that I only beheld as nearly as could be estimated, exactly 1/8 of the trousseau of the bride of Gondul!"

Subjects: Animals / Reptiles, Astronomy, Birds, Children, Courtship, English (and England), Etiquette, Family, Farmers & Farming / Flowers, Fashion, Fires, Food, Government, Horses, Households, Italians, Light, Marriage and Elopement, Religion, Rich People, Royalty, Transportation, Women, Europe, Jewelry / Gold / Silver / Treasure

Posted by stew - Wed, Mar 17, 2004

Gazette & Courier - Monday, August 3, 1874
There is one dwelling house in Boston valued at $330,000; 11 valued respectively at $175,000...$115,000, one at $101,000 and 4 at $100,000 [Remember that these probably look like palaces].

There is one dwelling house in Boston valued at $330,000; 11 valued respectively at $175,000...$115,000, one at $101,000 and 4 at $100,000 [Remember that these probably look like palaces].

Subjects: Boston (MA), Economics, Households, Rich People

Posted by stew - Tue, Mar 16, 2004

Gazette & Courier - Monday, May 12, 1873
(Greenfield) Frederick G. Tuckerman died on Fri. eve. of disease of the heart, at his boarding place, the American House, aged 52 years.

(Greenfield) Frederick G. Tuckerman died on Fri. eve. of disease of the heart, at his boarding place, the American House, aged 52 years. He was a graduate of Harvard and of the law school, and though admitted to the bar, never practiced his profession. Possessed of ample fortune from the estate of his father, Edward Tuckerman, a highly successful Boston merchant, he lived a retired and secluded life among us. He was an excellent scholar, and has published several fine poems. His wife was the daughter of Davis S. Jones, late of Greenfield. She died many years ago, leaving three children, two of whom, minors, are now living.

Subjects: Boston (MA), Children, Diseases, Education, Family, Greenfield (MA), Hotels, Law and Lawyers, Poetry, Rich People, Sales, Work

Posted by stew - Sat, Mar 13, 2004

Gazette & Courier - Monday, July 27, 1874
The will of the late Samuel Williston

The will of the late http://freepages.mis...colony/rich/143.html Samuel Williston - gives to his wife the homestead in Easthampton and its appurtenances, valued at about $50,000, $30,000 in cash, and in addition the use of $150,000 during her life, with remainder to the Williston Seminary. A considerable sum is divided among the children. The following specific bequests are also made: To his nephew, Rev. M.L. Williston of Galesburg Ill., $1000; to the children of his niece, Mrs. Elizabeth Putnam of San Francisco, $3000; to the children of his niece, Mrs. Sarah Larned of Plymouth Ct., $3000; to his nephew, Prof. William D. Whitney of Yale College, $3000; to his niece, Maria Whitney of Northampton, $1000; to Elizabeth Wheeler of Stafford Ct., $1000; to Phila A. Hallet, $6000; to O.G. Webster and A.E. Abbott, $300 each; to Marshall Henshaw, Principal of Williston Seminary, $2000; to Rev. S.T. Seelye, D.D., of Easthampton, $1000; to Rev. A.M. Colton of Easthampton, $500; to Theron Pomeroy, his farmer, $3500; to Sarah W. Storrs, $1000, and several bequests of $500 each are made to present and former servants. To the town of Easthampton he gives $10,000, for the care of the cemetery and a new fence in the front of same; to the A.B.C.F.M., $5000; to the American Tract Society of New York, $2500; to the American Bible Society of New York, Seaman's Friend Society of Boston, Seaman's Friend Society of New York, Sunday School Union of Philadelphia, and the American Education Society of Boston, $500 each; to the American Missionary Association, $2000; to the Congregational Union, Boston, $1000, and to Iowa college, $20,000, to endow the Presidency, making in all to that institution $30,000. The will gives to the Williston Seminary $400,000, of which amount, as already stated, Mrs. Williston is to have the use of $150,000 during her life, and this latter sum, after her death, is to be held in trust by the executors until it reaches the sum of $300,000. Of the remaining $250,000 of the bequest of the Seminary, $20,000 is to be applied to the building of a chapel and library, $15,000 is to be set apart for the care of library and cabinets; $30,000, which is to be increased by reserving a portion of the income, to $50,000 for aid to indigent students; and $50,000 is to be held in trust by the executors until it reaches the sum of $100,000. As soon as the Seminary shall have received from these bequests $250,000, it is to be charged with the payment of a limited amount of annuities to relatives and friends. All the residue of his estate, both real and personal, is bestowed upon Amherst College. The executors are his wife, his son-in-law, M.F. Dickinson Jr., of Boston, E.H. Sawyer of Easthampton, and his nephew, http://www.mtholyoke...ap/willistonhall.htm A. Lyman Williston of Northampton. The estate is likely to net somewhat less than $1,000,000, and during his lifetime Mr. Williston gave away at least a million more. His total benefactions to Williston Seminary add up to about $700,000. It is probable that Amherst College will receive under the will about $150,000, in addition to the $150,000 heretofore given.

Subjects: Boston (MA), Cemeteries, Charity, Charlemont (MA), Children, Connecticut, Economics, Education, Farmers & Farming / Flowers, Furniture, Government, Hampshire / Hampden Counties, Households, Libraries and Librarians, Literature / Web Pages, Obituaries, Religion, Rich People, Women, Work

Posted by stew - Tue, Mar 9, 2004

Gazette & Courier - Monday, July 27, 1874
Remarkable case of kidnapping

Remarkable case of kidnapping - On the aft. of the first day of July, two little boys were playing in one of the streets of Germantown , a suburb of Philadelphia. They were children [Walter Ross and Charlie Ross] of a Mr. Ross [Mr. Christian K. Ross], a well-to-do wholesale grocer. Finally one of them came home alone, and said that some men had carried away his little brother [ Charlie Brewster Ross ] in a carriage [Ah! This is the famous http://www.library.u...fer/scenes-ross.html Charlie Ross [also seen as Charley Ross] case. The boy was never found].

Being questioned, it came out that for several days previous two strange men had cultivated the acquaintance of the children at their play, and had given them candy and tried to gain their confidence. Finally on the day mentioned they had come along with a carriage and asked them if they didn’t want a ride. Boy like they [sic] at once jumped in and were driven off. Afterwards stopping, the older lad was told to jump out and get some fire crackers, and as soon as he was out of the carriage, the horses were whipped up and it disappeared.

The http://www.fbinstitu...y_WayToGOD_Text.html parents of the missing child were of course almost distracted. They had not an enemy in the world, and could not imagine the motive of the kidnappers. The detectives were called in, but made nothing of it. On the 4th Mr. Ross advertised for the child, offering $300 for its return. In reply to a second advertisemnt there appeared in the "personal" column of the Ledger the reply: "Ross - We be ready to negotiate". On the same day an anonymous letter informed Mr. Ross that the child would be returned for $20,000.

Ross replied by advertisement that he would pay the money if he could; that he had not got it, but would try to raise it. To this it was replied that the kidnappers knew very well he was not rich, but that he had rich friends and must borrow from them if he cared to save his child’s life; and that if, pending the negotiation, any attempts were made to recapture the child, it should be killed. Mr. Ross being unable to raise the money, the citizens of Germantown, whose sympathies have been profoundly moved by the case, have united in contributions to raise the ransom demanded.

Subjects: Business Enterprises, Children, Crime, Criminals, Economics, Family, Fires, Food, Germans, Horses, Kidnapping, Police, Rich People, Roads, Transportation

Posted by stew - Mon, Mar 8, 2004

Gazette & Courier - Monday, July 20, 1874
The Boy With the The Boy With the Hickory Shirt - A fig for your upper ten boys / With their canes and cigars and eye-glasses / Their dandified airs and soft eyes / Winking down on each girl that passes / They may guzzle clambake and champagne / And pride in their very high birth / But give me the lad that goes plain / The lad with the hickory shirt . / He is round as a barrel, and brown / As the peach in the mid-autumn sun / From the sole of his foot to his crown / He is brimful of frolic and fun / Not afraid of hard work or of cold / He is fearless and rough, without hurt! / His honor's as good as pure gold / the boy with the http://archiver.root...A/1999-10/0938844408 hickory shirt . / To say his big heart cannot beat / With kindness for parents and brothers / Would picture his traits incomplete / If his sisters shared not with the others / In fact he's a broth of a blade / I can't fathom how much he is worth / But the poor girl's fortune is made / That gets Jim with the hickory shirt.

Subjects: Amusements, Children, Economics, Eye, Family, Fashion, Fishes and Fishing, Food, Glass / Windows, Liquors, Poetry, Poor, Rich People, Smoking and Tobacco, Weather, Women, Work, Clothing

Posted by stew - Mon, Mar 8, 2004

Gazette & Courier - Monday, July 20, 1874
The career of a modern highwayman

The career of a modern highwayman - California papers contain full accounts of the long criminal career of Tiburcio Vasquez , the famous bandit, who was recently captured. He was a native of California, and was born in 1835. From 1857 to 1871 he spent most of his time in prison, being sentenced for a variety of offenses. In the last named year he organized a band of kindred spirits, and commenced a career which made his name a terror in California. On the eve of Aug. 26, 1873, http://www.santacruz...crime/charole1.shtml Vasquez , with 7 native Californians, rode up to the store of A.J. Snyder, 12 miles from Hollister, at the cross road from Tre Pinos to San Benito River. Here they compelled 3 men to lie down on the floor, tied their hands behind their backs and pinioned their legs. The assassins then went outside and saw 3 men who refused to obey the commands to lie down, and were shot in cold blood. The first shot was a Portuguese sheep herder. L. Davidson, proprietor of the hotel adjoining, started out on hearing the report. He had been told to go back, and was in the act of closing the door when he was shot through the heart. A teamster named Redferd [possibly Redford] was the third one killed. They then went into Snyder's house, demanded of Mrs. Snyder all of her money and jewelry, which was delivered up. Snyder was next told that he would be released if he gave up all his money, which he promptly did, which amounted to over $500. The house was completely ransacked, after which they left, taking with them all the horses and saddles in the vicinity. After this horrible triple murder the gang fled from one point to another, committing various depredations on their travels to the southern part of the State. The principal robbery perpetrated by them was the virtual capture of the village of Kingston, in Fresno county, in the latter part of Dec. last. http://www.scvhistor...tory/vasquez-cox.htm Vasquez , with 8 " greasers ", two Americans and a negro, tied their horses on the bank of the river, opposite Kingston, crossed a bridge on foot and took possession of a hotel and two stores on the main street. 35 men were bound by the gang and relieved of their money and valuables. The safe and drawers were also robbed of their contents. In this raid they obtained $2000 in coin, besides watches and jewelry. The citizens of the village, on hearing of the robbery, armed themselves and opened fire on the bandits from the opposite side of the street, and the fire was returned. http://www.scvhistor...y/vasquez-thrall.htm Vasquez himself was armed on that occasion with four navy revolvers, and though hotly followed up the gang managed to make good their escape and fled in different directions. The citizens followed in close pursuit, and 2 days afterward, one of the bandits was captured. On Wed. eve., Feb. 26, Vasquez and one man of his gang committed a most wonderfully daring robbery at Coyote Holes , 80 miles south of Independence, in Invo County. After capturing the station with 6 inmates, and shooting "Old Tex", one of them, through the thigh, he watched patiently for 2 hours for the appearance of the stage from the south, which, as it drove up to the door of the station, was received by Vasquez and his companinion with two Henry rifles and 4 six shooters in reserve. The travelers and driver, numbering 4 persons, were ordered to get off the stage and sit in a row, which order was obeyed. A large amount of money and different articles of value were taken from the party, amounting in the aggregate to $300, besides watches, etc., and two heavy teams driving up to the station, the drivers were taken in hand and relieved of their valuables. Thus 12 perons were successfully captured, robbed and kept in complete subjection, by Vazquez and his one assistant. Toward eve. the two daring robbers, after taking 6 fine horses out of the stable, rode off with their booty. The last daring raid by Vasquez was on the night of the 15h of April. With 4 of his gang he called at the residence of Alexander Reppeto [possibly Alessandro Reppetto ], a rich Italian ship owner at the old Mission San Gabriel, about 6 miles from Los Angeles. They pretended to be looking for employment, and after a brief conversation with the old man and his son, they demanded his money, pinioned his hands beside him and pointed pistols at him. The old man only had $80 in the house, which was given them, and then he drew a check on his bankers for $500. This was given to his son, who at once went to the bank to draw the money, Vasquez remaining in the house. At the bank the boy's action created suspicion, and after some conversation with their banker, Sheriff Rowland was sent for. The story was revealed to him, and he at once organized a party of 16 which started for the ranch. As they approached, Vasquez, with his men, took to their horses and flew across the mesa toward the San Pascual ranch. Near Arroyo Seco they stopped C.E. Mills, Jno. Osborne, and two others, from whom they took $300 in coin and a gold watch. From Arroyo Seco the bandits made their way to Tejunga [i.e. Tujunga ] and thence to Soledad. Sheriff Roland and party continued on their hunt, while Sheriff Morse and party, who were met at that time looking for them, were coming from another direction. The trails and passes of the Tejunta Mountains ]Tujunga Mountains] are but little known or traveled, and many supposed that his escape was impossible. He however succeeded, and found his way over to San Fernando Valley. During the winter he is supposed to have camped in Tejunga Canon [Tujunga Canyon], which lies east on west, 20 miles distant from Los Angeles and parallel with Soledad.

Subjects: African-Americans / Blacks, Animals / Reptiles, Bridges, Courts, Crime, Criminals, Economics, Family, Gangs, Horses, Hotels, Households, Italians, Latin America, Literature / Web Pages, Murder, Names, Police, Prisons, Racism, Rich People, Rivers / Lakes / Oceans, Roads, Robbers and Outlaws, Stores, Retail, Trains, Transportation, War / Weaponry, Women, Work, Jewelry / Gold / Silver / Treasure, Vigilance Committees

Posted by stew - Wed, Feb 25, 2004

Gazette & Courier - Monday, July 20, 1874
http://www.amherst.e.../chapter07/menu.html Hon. Samuel Williston of Easthampton died on Sat. He was the founder of Williston Seminary, to which he had given about $350,000, and has been the chief benefactor of Amherst College, giving that institution $150,000. For years he has been one of the most prominent men in Western Massachusetts in business, and in all benevolent matters. He was in his 80th year.

Subjects: Businesspeople, Charity, Economics, Education, Hampshire / Hampden Counties, Massachusetts, Obituaries, Rich People

Posted by stew - Tue, Feb 24, 2004

Gazette & Courier - Monday, July 20, 1874
The The http://www.ibiblio.o...MiMiKhaing-Shan.html King of Burmah [ http://nationalzoo.s...2/elephantdivine.cfm King Thibaw , the last "god-king of Burma] has been making preparations for his coronation, indulging largely in diamonds for the attire of his own and his familys' dresses. One dress alone is estimated to be worth $100,000.

Subjects: Economics, Family, Fashion, Rich People, Royalty, Jewelry / Gold / Silver / Treasure

Posted by stew - Mon, Feb 23, 2004

Gazette & Courier - Monday, July 20, 1874
An attachment for $40,000 has been placed on the property of Martin Wesson of Springfield as the forerunner of a suit for breach of promise of marriage by a lady of that city. [This probably has to d

An attachment for $40,000 has been placed on the property of Martin Wesson of Springfield as the forerunner of a suit for breach of promise of marriage by a lady of that city. [This probably has to do with Smith & Wesson, although the name I keep coming upon is Daniel Wesson].

Subjects: Business Enterprises, Courtship, Economics, Hampshire / Hampden Counties, Law and Lawyers, Marriage and Elopement, Rich People, Women

Posted by stew - Mon, Feb 23, 2004

Gazette & Courier - Monday, May 9, 1870
William B. Astor is declared to represent $50,000,000; http://www.virtualol...s/WILLIAMBASTOR.COM/ William B. Astor is declared to represent $50,000,000; http://www.geocities...lace26/FifthAve.html A.T. Stewart , $40,000,000; Cornelius Vanderbilt, $30,000,000; Daniel Drew, $6,000,000; George Law, $6,000,000; August Belmont , $5,000,000; http://homepages.roo..._co/b00135.html#pike Samuel N. Pike , $7,000,000; James Fisk, Jr., $6,000,000; James Lenox , $5,000,000 and 200-300 others are estimated to have from 2 to 5 millions. There are a thousand persons in New York who are worth at least $500,000.

Subjects: Economics, Rich People, Stewarts

Posted by stew - Sun, Feb 22, 2004

Gazette & Courier - Monday, July 13, 1874
The wife of Prof. M.M. Braun of Atlanta, Ga. has just fallen heir, jointly with 15 other folks, to an estae of $16,000,000, inherited from her maternal grandfather, who was once, says the story, gove

The wife of Prof. M.M. Braun of Atlanta, Ga. has just fallen heir, jointly with 15 other folks, to an estae of $16,000,000, inherited from her maternal grandfather, who was once, says the story, governor general of Canada, and she is going to Montreal, where the division is to be made, to receive her little share. We only wish she may get it.

Subjects: Economics, Education, Family, Government, Obituaries, Rich People, Women, Canada

Posted by stew - Fri, Feb 20, 2004

Gazette & Courier - Monday, March 23, 1874
A royal wedding gift

A royal wedding gift - A testimonial which was to be presented to the bride of Prince Alfred by the officers of the royal navy and royal marines on the arrival of the pair in London is described as follows: "It takes the form of a dessert service of gold plate, the principle feature of which is a large hexagonal plateau, bearing the arms of Russia and England in relief, the monogram of the duke and duchess, and this inscription: "Presented to her Imperial Highness the Grand Duchess Marie Alexandrovna of Russia on her marriage with Captain his Royal Highness the Duke of Edinburg, R.N.G., by officers of the royal navy and royal marines". Each angle of the plate is relieved by finely modeled water nymphs and friezes. The center piece is of tripod form, enriched with many beautiful figures. There are also 2 seven light and two smaller candelabra, a pair of claret pitchers, six fruit stands, 12 salt cellars of an ingenious shape, and other articles. The entire service is designed and modeled from works of the http://www.artehisto...enios/escuelas/5.htm Cinque-Cento Period ". The cost of this beautiful present was about $10,000.

Subjects: Art, Charlemont (MA), English (and England), Food, Light, Marriage and Elopement, Rich People, Royalty, Russia

Posted by stew - Wed, Feb 18, 2004

Gazette & Courier - Monday, July 13, 1874
Medieval persecution of the Jews

Medieval persecution of the Jews - From the friendly shelter of the Moslem caliphates and their native East the Jews, apparently possessed by a strong taste for wandering, or an insatiable love of gain, planted their unsteady colonies in all the Western nations, and sought humbly a hospitality that was never shown. Everywhere they were received with aversion and disgust. The dark-skinned and alien race, speaking an Oriental language that no European could master, and governed by customs of neatness and propriety that seemed to Goth and Hun an excess of fastidiousness, unwarlike, and highly educated, were met everywhere by an unvarying cruelty and scorn.

In Germany they were reduced to a peculiar form of slavery. A Jew was not a person but a thing, a chattel, and a waif. The emperor took possession of the Oriental strangers as his own peculiar heritage. They were his bondsmen. He protected them when he was able, and plundered them when he wanted money. Yet they soon grew numerous and wealthy in the cities along the Rhine, and aroused the envy of their Christian neighbors by an opulence which they sometimes incautiously displayed. They were forced, or probably preferred, to live apart in a quarter of the city by themselves.

They founded their synagogues and built their schoolhouses amidst ceaseless dangers. The ignorant priests followed them with maledictions, and the still more ignorant populace pelted them with stones, and beat and pummeled them with will. Accomplished and gifted rabbins were often looked upon as magicians. The Jews’ quarters seemed to the barbarous Germans a centre of mysterious and fearful deeds. It was believed that the Jews were in the habit of stealing the Host from the altar in order to mock once more at the crucifixion with secret rites, or that they enticed away Christian children to stab them with sharp knives and sacrifice them in a frightful ceremony.

When a child strayed away in the German or Italian cities, the Christian mother at once fancied that it had been lured into the Jewish quarter to be put to death. The Jews were all supposed to be acquainted with magic, and capable of weaving dark spells that brought disease and decay, misfortune and shame, to Christian households. Yet they were wonderfully prosperous and might have outlived their early unpopularity had not a suden wave of fanaticism swept away what little humanity and intelligence had yet sprung up among the European nations.

The preaching of the Crusades turned back the course of human progress for 300 years. The passion for bloodshed and for barbarous cruelty revived under the fanatical eloquence of popes and prelates. The Roman Church taught that it was no more crime to kill a heretic or an infidel, and it had never paused to exclude the Jew from its inhuman inculcations. "Thou shalt not kill", "Thou shalt not steal", were erased from the Decalogue, and the wild and cruel throngs, dissolute and infamous, that gathered under the banners of the cross made their first essays in robbery and bloodshed among the wealthy and cultivted Jewish colonies on the banks of the Moelle and Rhine.

They burst into the Jewish quarters; they sacked the rich households, and drove their wretched inmates to suicide and death. Fair women stabbed themselves in Mentz and Treves. Husbands first killed their wives and then themselves. The Rhine floated thick with the corpses of murdered Jews. Rich with spoil and drunken with license, the Crusaders swept on, carrying devastation to all the Jewish settlements through which they passed in Hungary and Austria, and at last perished themselves in countless numbers, in unutterable numbers of thirst and hunger, disease, labor, by the darts of the Saracens, and the hatred of mankind.

Nor as the second army, under Baldwin, the chivalry of age, more merciful. When Jerusalem fell they massacred all the Jews - men, women, and children - whom they found in the city, and with tears of joy knelt before the Holy Sepulchre. Yet they might have heard, in the lull of their fanaticism, the thunders of Sinai, and their own condemnation uttered from the flaming mount (Harper’s Magazine).

Subjects: Beverages, Children, Crime, Criminals, Cults, Diseases, Drunkenness, Economics, Education, Etiquette, Family, Fires, Food, Germans, History, Households, Italians, Jews, Kidnapping, Missing Persons, Murder, Racism, Religion, Rich People, Rivers / Lakes / Oceans

Posted by stew - Wed, Feb 18, 2004

Gazette & Courier - Monday, February 26, 1872
A.T. Stewart's palace A.T. Stewart's palace - Stewart's marble building on Fifth Avenue , which he has erected for a home, is approaching completion. It is nearly furnished, and will be ready for occupancy early in the spring. It is, without doubt, the most superb private residence in the country. It has cost 3 million without the furniture. The most celebrated artists have been over 3 years in frescoing the ceilings. The frescos are unequaled except by those in the Prince Albert ball room at http://lcweb2.loc.go...d=pan:m856sf=6a22756:@@@ Buckingham Palace . The style of the building has been adopted, because http://44.1911encycl...ALEXANDER_TURNEY.htm Stewart intends to donate it to the city for a gallery when he gets through with it. It is a sepulchral place, with its stone floors and stone stairs, nay, requiring a fire in summer and winter to keep it habitable. http://gardencityhis...ll2003Newsletter.pdf Mrs. Stewart 's room [Cornelia Clinch Stewart] is an exception. The wood work on her suite alone cost $16,000. Every room has a carpet imported and made to fit it, and the color of each room is different. The doors are solid rosewood with silver trimmings. It cost $600 to hang each door in the parlor. The picture gallery is complete. Several of the pictures cost over $30,000. The two most celebrated are The Prodigal Son and the New England Thanksgiving Dinner. The water works are marvels of elegance and of ingenious contrivance. After the parlors, the two most celebrated rooms in the house are Gen. Grant's Room, which is fitted up with great elegance, for http://faculty.virgi...ages/stewartpics.htm Mr. Stewart and the President are great friends; then comes the Servants' Parlor. That is fitted up more generously than any gentleman's parlor that I have seen in this city. Curtains, mirrors, imported carpets, elegant chairs covered with red leather, and pictures adorn the room. Huge ranges and every conceivable modern convenience can be found in the kitchen. The doors are barred against visitors generally, and the house when done is not to be put on exhibition (from the New York Letter).

Subjects: Art, Charlemont (MA), English (and England), Fires, Furniture, Government, Hampshire / Hampden Counties, Households, New England, Rich People, Royalty, Stewarts, Architecture / Construction

Posted by stew - Wed, Feb 18, 2004

Gazette & Courier - Monday, March 27, 1871
http://digitalgaller...&imgs=12&pNum=&pos=1# A.T. Stewart as he is, Part I - I notice that a defense of A.T. Stewart has been going the rounds of the press, in which he is eulogized for his ability, culture, & especially for the girls' lodging house now being erected at his expense in 33rd st. and Fourth Ave. It seems quite right to defend a man from malicious & scandalous assaults, which are in too many cases excited by the circumstances of his being wealthy & holding a prominent position before the public, but I fear much that has been said against the great dry goods http://www.gardencit...nks/GC%20History.htm millionaire is well founded. Of his ability there is not the least question. He has a wonderful memory, & is said to know the quantity & price of goods in every dept. of his two huge stores, so that he can tell exactly when he is carrying too large a stock of any kind. His executive talent is also remarkable, as well as his grasp of minute matters, though as a rule he gives his leading assistants carte blanche in executing his orders in detail. Yet at the same time, while all of these men respect his intellect, they do not feel any regard for him personally, & his subordinates generally bear no love for him. This is because Stewart has no bowels of compassion, but treats men like machines, getting the most possible work out of them without regard to consequences. He pays good salaries to his chief men, but mere pittances to others, who are kept under an iron discipline all the time. But the only test of a man's actions are his motive, & according to indisputable authority, Stewart is a man with an insatiable ambition for self-advancement.

Subjects: Business Enterprises, Businesspeople, Charity, Hotels, Politics, Rich People, Scandals, Stewarts, Stores, Retail, Women, Work

Posted by stew - Tue, Feb 17, 2004

Gazette & Courier - Monday, July 13, 1874
Cremation in Siam Cremation in Siam - Among the Siamese, Burmese, Cambojians [i.e. Cambodians], Peguans , people of Laos and all the surrounding nations, the dead are not buried , unless the survivors are too poor or too parsimonious to pay the priests' fee for burning, and such cases very rarely occur. Hence arises the strange anomaly so often noted by foreign tourists, that in lands teeming with a population more dense than any other portion of our globe, so very few cemeteries are to be seen. But for the few burial places of the Chinese, the small, unpretending enclosure that marks the last resting place of a European traveler or missionary, and the occasional priestly pagoda or gorgeous mausoleum of some Musulman rajah, one might suppose that the Tyrant Death had been exorcised from these sunny lands, instead of lurking unseen amid the perennial verdure, and among the petals of every fragrant flower. During a residence of several years in Siam, I neither saw nor heard of a single burial in that country, nor did I meet with more than 3 Siamese tombs. they were the "Tombs of Three Kings", said to be centuries old, and all that I could learn of their history was that beneath those gorgeous monuments of black granite, exquisitely chiseled and adorned with mosaics in gold, silver, copper, ebony and ivory, reposed the ashes of the 3 great warrior kings , who had ordered that their bodies be buried instead of burned, in order that the singularity of the circumstance might keep the memory of their virtues and bravery ever fresh in the hearts of their subjects. Burning is now, and has been for centuries, the universal custom in Siam - preferred, it is supposed, because of the facility it affords for removing the precious dust of the loved and lost. In old, aristocratic houses I have seen arranged in the family receptacle massive golden urns, containing the ashes of 8,10,or 12 generations of ancestors; and these are cherished as precious heirlooms to descend through the eldest male branch. The time, expense, and character of a burning depend mainly on the rank and wealth of the parties, though the ceremony is always performed by the priests, and always within the precincts of a temple. The only exception is in seasons of epidemics or where the land is laid waste by famine. Among the better classes the dead body is laid unmutilated, save by the removal of the intestines, in a coffin, and is more or less carefully embalmed, according to the time it is to be kept. If the deceased belonged to a private family of moderate means, the burning takes place from 4 to 6 days after death; if he was wealthy, but not high born, the body may be kept a month, but never longer; while the remains of a noble lie in state from 2 to 6 months, according to his rank, and for members of the royal family a still longer period intervenes between the death and the burning. But whatever the interval the body must lie in state, and the relatives make daily prostrations, prayers and offerings during the whole time, beseeching the departed spirit to return to its disconsolate friends. When the time for the funeral has arrived, the body is laid in a receptacle on the summit of a stately pyramid; the form and material of which indicate the wealth and position of the deceased. It is thickly gilded, and the receptacle lined with plates of solid gold, when the body has belonged to one of royal lineage and well filled coffers. The last is quite as essential as the first to a gorgeous Oriental funeral, since for rank without money an East Indian has ever the most profound contempt. Both requisites were fortunately united in the person of the queen mother of King Pra Nang Klau [i.e. Pra Nang Klao ], the old usurper who occupied the Siamese throne previous to the accession of the royal brothers, who died in 1868. At the funeral of this aged queen, there was such a display of Oriental magnificence as rarely falls to the lot of Western eyes to witness. The embalmed body lay in state under a canopy for 8 months; the myrrh, frankincense and aromatic oils used in its preparation cost upward of four thousand dollars, and the golden pyre about $80,000. The hangings were of the richest silks and velvets, trimmed with bullion fringe and costly lace, and the wrappings of the body of pure white silk, embroidered with pearls and precious stones. Incredible quantities of massive jewelry decked the shrunken corpse, and a diadem of glittering gems cast its prismatic radiance over the withered features. Tiny golden lamps, fed with perfumed oil, burned day and night around the pyre, while every portion of the vast saloon was decorated with rare and beautiful flowers, arranged in all the various forms of crowns, sceptres, angels, birds, lanterns, wreaths and arches, till Flora herself might have wondered at the boundless resources of her domain. Day and night musical instruments were played, dirges wailed forth, and prostrations perpetually performed; while twice every day, the king attended by his whole court, made offerings to the departed spirit, beat his breast, tore his hair, and declared life "utterly unendurable withut the loved one". All this kept up for 8 months, and then the scene changed to one of festivity. For 30 days, during most of which time I was present, there was a succession of levees, concerts, and theatricals, with feats of jugglery, operas and fireworks, and then the embalmed body, surrounded by perfumes and tiny fagots of sandal wood, was consumed by fire, and the ashes collected by the high priest or his deputy in his golden urn, and deposited, with other relics of royalty, in the king's palace. The funeral cost the nation about half a million of dollars. At all funerals choice flowers, especially tube roses [or tuberroses], the golden blossoms of the clustering henna , and the sweet scented daukmali, are profusely used, and there is constantly a crowd of well dressed people, for Orientals are always at leisure, and always in a mood to enjoy sight-seeing. When the http://www.isle-of-m.../iomnhas/lm1p107.htm pile is to be ignited, lighted papers are plentifully distributed by the priests, and applied by all who are near enough to reach the pyramid. Rejoicing and music are kept up during the burning, to celebrate the happy liberation of the spirit of the deceased. There is one other ceremony connected with the incineration of the body at all Buddhistic funerals that I must not neglect to mention. While the flames are gleaming most fiercely, sending forth their forked tongues of glowing fire, the nearest reletives toss bundles of clothing across the flaming bier, uttering meanwhile in low, plaintive tones solemn, earnest invocations, which can be heard only occasionally in the pauses of wailing dirge and the fierce clang of instruments. I had witnessed these strange proceedings, so like child's play to us at several different funerals, before I was able to comprehend their significance. To the imaginative Oriental they are no unmeaning ceremony, but a species of necromancy, by means of which he would peer into the unknown future to catch a glimpse of the loved and lost. All Buddhists believe in transmigration, and their sacred books tell them that 6 times at least the souls of even the best and purest must cross the fiery gulf that separates this state of being from the http://www.wholesome.../judson/judson4.html Nigban for which they pine - the Elysian fields, where in shady groves and amid fadeless flowers, the faithful ever securely slumber in dreamless unconsciousness, insensible alike to pain and pleasure, and utterly incapable of volition, thought and action, yet not dead. When guilt has been incurred by any breach of Buddhistic law, the number of probationary lives is increased in proportion to the magnitude of the offense - often, are generally, reaching to hundreds and even thousands of states of being - till, "by oft repeated trials and sufferings, the soul is purged from sin, and rendered meet for the companionship of the blessed". But 6 times, at the very least, the soul must have inhabiited an earthly body; and if, in tossing the bundles of clothing across the pyre, they fall not a single time, the survivors believe that the deceased has passed his last ordeal, and is thence forward safely housed in Nigpan. But if the bundles fall, read in this casualty an omen of additional states of trial and discipline, just as many in number are the failures in catching the bundles. After 8 or 10 falls they give up in despair, thinking it useless to peer further into the dismal future of one who has still so many lives of discipline before him. There is no childish trifling in this matter, as some travelers have supposed; it is an affair of the gravest moment and of heart thrilling interest, while its results are watched with intense anxiety. In this ceremony is doubtless to be found the reason why a devout Buddhist never plays in any game that requires a ball or other object to be caught in the hands. To him such pastime is a sacrilege, a profane trifling with things sacred - sure to be visited in some future state with a severe penalty. I have spoken of the lack of cemeteries, yet I have read many Oriental epigraphs, engraved, not on pillars or tablets of marble, but on those precious gold and silver urns; which, to the imaginative Oriental, form the tangible links in the chain that binds him to the dear ones that have faded from his view; and, watering them daily with his tears, the very spots where they rest beome to him hallowed ground. The epitaphs are characterized by touching simplicity: "The flower that once lay in my bosom", "The heart where I loved to nestle", "My withered bud", "Joy of the harem", "Earth's fairest flower", "Pure as a dewdrop", "Sunlight of my home", and "Sleep sweetly", without the name and age of the deceased, are some of the inscriptions I have read, not without emotion (Lippincott's Magazine).

Subjects: Astronomy, Barber / Hair, Birds, Cemeteries, Charlemont (MA), Children, Chinese, Curiosities and Wonders, Diseases, Dreams / Sleep, Economics, Eye, Family, Farmers & Farming / Flowers, Fires, Food, Furniture, History, Households, Law and Lawyers, Light, Literature / Web Pages, Magic and Magicians, Marriage and Elopement, Mourning Customs, Music, Names, Obituaries, Old Age, Parties, Poetry, Poor, Prophecies, Racism, Religion, Rich People, Royalty, Sex Crimes, Show Business, Spiritualism, Statues, Trees, Vital Statistics, War / Weaponry, Women, Leyden (MA), Superstition, Europe, Jewelry / Gold / Silver / Treasure, Geography

Posted by stew - Mon, Feb 16, 2004

Gazette & Courier - Monday, July 13, 1874
Several years ago, while the Tom Thumb Troupe were traveling through New York, the cash box, containing several hundred dollars of the funds

Several years ago, while the Tom Thumb Troupe were traveling through New York, the cash box, containing several hundred dollars of the funds was stolen. Mr. William P. Miller, who was the treasurer of the troupe, suspected a girl who was employed at the hotel in the place where they then were, and his suspicions were further confirmed by her sudden disappearance. He managed, however, to get track of her after some time had elapsed, and worked on the case so well, that she confessed to him that she had taken the money to purchase a wedding outfit, and that the marriage was soon to take place. She refunded half of the stolen money, and Mr. Miller decided not to prosecute her for the balance. Shortly after she married a wealthy English gentleman, who was engaged in the lumber business in Chicago. Not many years had elapsed when her husband died, leaving her all his property. A few months ago she also died, and in her will she left to Mr. Miller the sum of $300,000, as an expression of her gratitude for not having prosecuted her when "in his power". Mr. Miller, who is of the firm of Miller, Morrisson & Co., recently received a letter from her administrator stating that he could draw on him for $100,000 at any time.

Subjects: Business Enterprises, Circus, Crime, Criminals, Curiosities and Wonders, Economics, English (and England), Fashion, Hotels, Literature / Web Pages, Luck, Marriage and Elopement, Missing Persons, Obituaries, Police, Rich People, Robbers and Outlaws, Trees, Widows and Widowers, Women, Work

Posted by stew - Mon, Feb 16, 2004

Gazette & Courier - Monday, July 6, 1874
The story of Carl Schurz retold

The story of Carl Schurz retold - The story of Mr. Schurz's career in 1849 and 1850, after the failure of the German revolution of 1848 - of his hair-breadth escapes while fleeing from Prussia, and of his return, disguised, into the very heart of the kingdom, to rescue one of his companions imprisoned there - matches the romantic tales of the middle ages; and at the time the rumor of the chivalric deeds of the young hero rang through half of Europe. Born near Cologne in 1829, he was 19 years old when the revolution broke out. He was then a student at Bonn, young, enthusiastic and courageous. He became editor of a liberal paper, and then joined with his sword in defense of Rastadt [actually Rastatt]. When the town fell he was thrown into prison and sentenced to death. During the night preceding the day on which he was to be put to death he and his servant, who had been imprisoned with him, excavated a passage through the floor of their prison into the sewer of the town. There they remained all night, up to their waists in water. In the morning they found their way to a man trap in one of the streets, but there stood a sentinel around and watchful, for it was then known that 2 prisoners had escaped. Their only way of exit from their living tomb seemed to be cut off. There they stood for hours, weak and trembling, hoping that the sentinel would be withdrawn. They could not sit down, for the water was too deep, and once one of them became so weary that he let fall a weapon he had with him, which, splashing in the water, attracted the guard's attention, who thrust his bayonet several times into the sewer, passing it within a few inches of their bodies. At last there occurred a fortunate disturbance a short distance from the trap, and the watchman for a moment forsook his post. This was their only opportunity, and they profited by it without delay. They had hardly time to leap from the sewer and to throw themselves into a ditch near by, when the guard returned. They lay in the ditch, motionless, the rest of the day, and at nightfall they crawled away and fled across the fields. Faint and hungry, they ventured to approach the house of a farmer, and trust to his compassion to afford them food and shelter. He permitted them to hide in the loft of his barn, but even there, they were forbidden the boon of sleep; for no sooner were they concealed, than a party of soldiers took possession of the lower portion of the barn, preparatory to spending the night in revelry. They did not dare to sleep lest they should move about or snore, and thus attract the attention of those below. Each kept the other awake until it was nearly morning, when, the revellers having fallen into heavy slumber, they stole forth and renewed their flight. During the next day, and for many succeeding days they oncealed themselves, traveling only by night, and when they became hungry beyond endurance, trusting to the sympathy of the more humble of the peasants to give them food. In this way they proceeded until they passed the boundary of Prussia and entered Switzerland. Worn out by this fearful journey, Mr. Schurz fell ill; for several months he lay prostrated with fever. Upon his recovery he learned that one of his associates in the Revolution, http://www.kinkelstu...geber/Lebenslauf.htm Gottfried Kinkel , like himself condemned to death, had had his sentence commuted to 20 years' imprisonment. The young hero had saved his own life, after the narrowest escapes, and he had the world before him. But he was possessed of so generous a heart and too chivalrous a nature to selfishly enjoy his own freedom, without making an effort to rescue his friend from prison, and to this end he bent all his energies. He spent several months at Zurich and Cologne, arranging his plans, and at length he set out on his knightly errand. Spandau was a fortified town a few miles from Berlin, surrounded by a high wall, having 8 guarded gates, and was the stronghold in which State prisoners were confined. Upon his arrival there, he obtained through his friend's relatives, the entree of the fort, and made the acquaintance of the officers in charge, passing himself off, of course, as being friendly to the throne. http://39.1911encycl...JOHANN_GOTTFRIED.htm Kinkel 's friends were wealthy, and supplied Schurz plentifully with funds. His plan was to bribe a guard within the fort, and a sentinel at one of the outer gates. He spent weeks in sounding them, before venturing to make his proposal, knowing that if they declined his offer and betrayed him all would be lost. The bargain was finally concluded, and he communicated his plans to Kinkel. Still he could not be certain that the guards, whom he entrusted with his secret, would not betray him at the last, for they had made it a positive condition of the bargain, that they should receive the money in advance. At length a propitious night arrived. There was to be a great ball within the fort, and Schurz was invited to attend. He therefore fixed upon that night for the escape, and did not omit to improve ther chances by drugging the liquors which the officers would use. When the revelry was at its height, by the connivance of the jailor, whom he had bribed, he liberated Kinkel from his cell, when they made their way to the roof of the fort and descended to the ground by means of a rope ladder which had been provided. The sentinel at the gate, true to his agreement, passed them without the wall, where their friends were in waiting. Fleet horses were in readiness, and they set off immediately for Hamburg, which was the nearest port. Relays had been provided along the way, and they reached their destination without accident, or adventure. They lay concealed several days, when, securing a fishing schooner, they embarked for Scotland. It was then the month of November, and their voyage was most perilous and painful. They reached Edinburgh in course of time, and went ashore, weary, forlorn and hungry, having hardly tasted food since the night of ther departure from the prison. They then proceeded to London, and for the 2 years following, Schurz was engaged in London and in Paris as a teacher, and as a correspondent of the German press.

Subjects: Charlemont (MA), Dance, Diseases, Dreams / Sleep, Drug Abuse, Economics, Education, English (and England), Executions and Executioners, Family, Farmers & Farming / Flowers, Fishes and Fishing, Food, French, Germans, History, Horses, Liquors, Literature / Web Pages, Outhouses, Prisons, Rich People, Roads, Royalty, Transportation, War / Weaponry, Work, Scots and Scotland, Europe

Posted by stew - Mon, Feb 16, 2004

Gazette & Courier - Monday, July 6, 1874
A New York man, who believes in advertising, paid a bill for $78,000 the other day for a year's work, but it was money well spent, for the earnings resulting from that advertisement, which were divi

A New York man, who believes in advertising, paid a bill for $78,000 the other day for a year’s work, but it was money well spent, for the earnings resulting from that advertisement, which were divided among 4 persons, footed up $650,000.