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Nov 29, 2023
Franklin County (MA) News Archive
The Franklin County Publication Archive Index

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Article Archives: Articles: Japanese

Showing 25

Posted by stew - Tue, Dec 16, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, August 2, 1875
The English are the first

The English is [i.e. are] the first of foreign nations to break ground at Fairmount Park, Philadelphia, for the erection of the buildings for the use of their commissioners during the centennial. Japan, Sweden and Morocco are preparing to follow suit, and the other commissions will soon be similarly engaged, the whole making a lively and very picturesque scene. Austria’s requisition for space, which has just been received, calls for 32,000 square feet of the main building and over 21,000 in the art gallery, an increase of 1/3 over the original reservation for that nation. [See Centennial Exhibition in Wikipedia].


Subjects: Amusements, English (and England), Fairs, Heritage Activities, History, Japanese, Literature / Web Pages, Parks, Arabs, Europe, Architecture / Construction

Posted by stew - Tue, Dec 16, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, August 2, 1875
Dwarf tree

William E. Baker of Ridge Hill farm, Wellesley, has just received from Japan a dwarf tree, which is 60 years old and only 2 ft. high, the only one ever brought to the Atlantic Coast, or probably to any other part of the country. [See Bonsai in Wikipedia].

Subjects: Contests, Farmers & Farming / Flowers, Japanese, Literature / Web Pages, Massachusetts, Transportation, Trees

Posted by stew - Mon, Dec 1, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, June 14, 1875
The Agricultural College

The annual commencement exercises at the Agricultural College in Amherst occur 3 weeks earlier than usual...Nearly 70 students have been connected with this class, but only 18 graduate, which is the largest number since 1872. The following have been appointed to deliver orations: The valedictorian is William P. Brooks of South Scituate [William Penn Brooks has a very interesting agricultural history; he introduced soybeans to the U.S. and introduced onions, corns and beans to Japan. See

astchancellors/brooks.html ; Joseph F. Barrett of Barre, Everett B. Bragg of Amherst, Madison Bunker of Nantucket, Jabez W. Clay [Jabez William Clay was a very interesting character ] of Westminster, Vt., Lauren K. Lee [Lauren Kellogg Lee ] of Shrewsbury, Frank H. Rice [Frank Henry Rice] of Barre, and Walter H. Knapp of Boston.

/ The following is the order of exercises...presentation of diplomas by his Excellency William Gaston.

Subjects: Boston (MA), Education, Farmers & Farming / Flowers, Food, Government, Hampshire / Hampden Counties, History, Japanese, Literature / Web Pages, Massachusetts, Vermont

Posted by stew - Mon, Dec 1, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, May 31, 1875
Christianity in Japan

Medium sized article.

Subjects: Japanese, Religion

Posted by stew - Mon, Dec 1, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, April 19, 1875
The Empress of Japan has decided on the erection of a college for young girls who wish to devote themselves to teaching

The Empress of Japan has decided on the erection of a college for young girls who wish to devote themselves to teaching, and has given a liberal sum from her private purse toward the expense of construction.

Subjects: Economics, Education, Japanese, Royalty, Women, Architecture / Construction

Posted by stew - Mon, Dec 1, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, March 29, 1875
The mammoth Japanese idol

(discusses the great Buddha of Kamakura) .

Subjects: Japanese, Religion, Statues

Posted by stew - Mon, Dec 1, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, March 22, 1875
What comes now?

Good molasses at 50 cts. a gallon; also nice New Orleans Molasses from the new crop just in market and all grades up to the best Sugar House Syrup; granulated sugar, 11 cts. a pound; light brown sugar, clean and nice, 9 1/2 cts. a pound; 23 bars of that good soap for $1; best kettle rendered lard in 5 lb. pails, also by the pound; best clear pork backs and some nice tripe; a nice lot of factory cheese ; another lot of those nice large raisins, 2 lbs. for 25 cts.; good coffee...also Gilles Crushed Coffee, and all grades up to the best Java and Old Mocha.

...Turks Island Salt; also coarse, fine salt and extra dairy and table salt in bags and boxes and by the lb.; and some of those best Spices, Saleratus and Cream Tartar, guaranteed to be strictly pure; a splendid assortment of teas, including 4 different grades of nice Japan tea...A new stock of paper hangings and borders; first quality of lime and potash; (keeps going). Allen & Lyman, Bernardston.

Subjects: Advertising, Bernardston (MA), Beverages, Business Enterprises, Cosmetics, Economics, Food, Japanese, Meat, Sales, Stores, Retail, Vendors and Purchasers, Arabs

Posted by stew - Sat, Aug 26, 2006

Gazette & Courier - Monday, February 22, 1875
Further trouble is feared between China and Japan, owing to certain humiliating restrictions imposed on the Japanese by the Chinese custom house regulations.

Further trouble is feared between China and Japan, owing to certain humiliating restrictions imposed on the Japanese by the Chinese custom house regulations.

Subjects: Chinese, Economics, Japanese, War / Weaponry

Posted by stew - Sat, Aug 5, 2006

Gazette & Courier - Monday, February 22, 1875
Reverend Joseph Nee Sima [also seen as Joseph Hardy Neesima] of the class of 1870, who sailed for his home in Japan last Nov.,

Reverend Joseph Nee Sima [also seen as http://asteria.fivec...ds/amherst/ma60.html Joseph Hardy Neesima ] of the class of 1870, who sailed for his home in Japan last Nov., recently sent word to his friends in Amherst, informing them of his success as a missionary to his countrymen. He writes of preaching in Buddhist temples to eagerly listening crowds, among them being Buddhist priests. The public literally throng to hear him, so that he was obliged to go to the house of a neighbor to write his letter. His family have become converted and thrown their idols into the fire, the charred remains of which he has sent to Alpheus Hardy of Boston.

Subjects: Boston (MA), Charlemont (MA), Education, Family, Fires, Hampshire / Hampden Counties, Households, Japanese, Literature / Web Pages, Religion, Transportation, Words, Work

Posted by stew - Wed, Aug 2, 2006

Gazette & Courier - Monday, February 22, 1875
A Mr. Brown, his wife and a girl by the name of Twining of East Otis, have been poisoned by using Japanese tea. Mrs. Brown is in a dangerous condition, but the others are slowly improving. The tea is

A Mr. Brown, his wife and a girl by the name of Twining of East Otis, have been poisoned by using Japanese tea. Mrs. Brown is in a dangerous condition, but the others are slowly improving. The tea is to be analyzed.

Subjects: Beverages, Diseases, Japanese, Massachusetts, Poisoning, Science, Women

Posted by stew - Mon, Jun 26, 2006

Gazette & Courier - Monday, February 15, 1875
The mound builders

The mound builders - After the last mammoth was slain, it is very probable that many centuries passed before the http://www.harvestfi...Links/02/Chap10.html mound builders came to occupy the soil where these animals had been. The mound builders were a race of men who never saw the mammoth at play [or they would have] carved or painted his likeness, as they did those of the birds and beasts they knew...Unfortunately we do not know what they looked like, and as they wrote no books we do not know what language they spoke. All that we know of them is from the wonderful works of industry and skill that they left behind, and especially from certain great mounds of earth they built. It is from the great works that they derive their name. One of the most remarkable of these mounds is to be seen in Adams County, Ohio. It represents an immense snake a thousand feet long and 5 ft. thick, laying along a bluff that rises above a stream. There you can trace all the curves and outlines of the [?] and a tail with a triple coil...Sometimes they are shaped like animals, sometimes like men...In other places there are many small mounds, arranged in a straight line, at distances nearly equal, and extending for many miles. These are supposed to have been used for sending signals from station to station across the country. Then in other places there are signal mounds, sometimes 60 ft. high, sometimes 90, with steps leading up to the top, which is flat, and sometimes includes from 1 to 5 acres of ground. These mounds are scattered all down the valley of the Mississippi, and along many of the tributary streams. There are thousands of them, large or small, within the single state of Ohio. They are not made of earth alone, for some of them show brick work and stone work here and there, though earth is always the chief material. Some of them have chambers within, and the remains of wooden walls, and sometimes charred wood is found on top, as if fires had been kindled there...In Central America there are similar mounds, except that those have on their tops the remians of stone temples and palaces. So it is supposed that the higher mounds of the Mississippi Valley may have been built for purposes of worship, and that although their summits are now bare, yet the charred wood may be the remains of sacrificial fires, or of wooden temples that were burned long ago. It is certain that these mound builders were in some ways well advanced in civilization. All their earth works show more or less of engineering skill. They vary greatly in shape; they show the square, the circle, the octagon, the ellipse, and sometimes all these figures are combined in one series of works. But the circle is always a true circle and the square a true square; and moreover there are many squares that measure exactly 1080 ft. on a side, and this shows that the mound builders had some definite standard of measurement. There have been found in these temples many tools and ornaments, made of copper, silver and valuable stones. There are axes, chisels, knives, bracelets and beads; there are pieces of thread and of cloth, and gracefully ornamented vases of pottery. The mound builders know how to model in clay a variety of objects, such as birds, quadrapeds and human faces. They practiced farming, though they had no domestic animals to help them. They had neither horses nor oxen nor carts, so that all the vast amount of earth required for these mounds must have been carried in baskets or skins; and this shows that their population must have been very numerous or they never could have attempted so much. They mined for copper near Lake Superior, where their deserted mines may still be seen. In one of these mines there is a mass of copper weighing nearly 6 tons, partly raised form the bottom, and supported on wooden legs, now nearly decayed. It was evidently being removed to the top of the mine, nearly 30 ft. above, and the stone and copper tools of the miners were found lying about, as if the men had just gone away. Now when did this race of ancient mound builders live? There is not a line of their writing left, so far as it is known; nor is any distinct tradition about them. But there is one sure proof that they lived very long ago. At the mouth of this very mine just described there are trees nearly 400 years old, growing on earth that was thrown out in digging the mines. Of course the mine is older than the trees. On a mound at Marietta, Ohio, there are trees 800 years old. The mounds must, of course, be as old as that, and nobody knows how much older. It is very probable that this mysterious race may have built these great works more than a thousand years ago. It is very natural to ask whether the mound builders were the ancestors of the present American Indians. It does not seem at all likely that they were, because the habits of the two races were so very different. Most Indian tribes show nothing of the skill and industry required for these great works. The only native tribes that seem to have a civilization of their own are a certain race called Pueblo Indians (meaning village Indians) in New Mexico. These tribes live in vast stone buildings, holding sometimes as many as 5000 people. These buildings are usually placed on the summit of hills, and have walls so high as only to be reached by ladders. The Pueblo Indians dress nicely, live in families, practice various arts, and are utterly different from the roving tribes farther north. But after all, the style of building of even the Pueblo Indians are wholly unlike anything we know of the mound builders; for the mound builders do not seem to have erected stone buildings, nor do the Pueblo Indians build lofty mounds. Perhaps this singular people will always remain a mystery. They may have come from Asia, or have been the descendents of Asiatics accidentally cast on the American shore. Within the last 100 years, no less than 15 Japanese vessels have been driven across the Pacific Ocean by storms and wrecked on the Pacific coast of North America, and this may have happened as easily a thousand years ago as a hundred. It is certain that some men among the mound builders had reached the sea in their travels, for on some of their carved pipes there are representations of the seal and of the manati, or sea cow - animals to which they could only have seen by traveling very far to the east or west, or else by descending the Mississippi River to its mouth. But we know neither whence they came nor whither they went. Very few human bones have been found among the mounds; and those found had almoost crumbled into dust. We only know that the mound builders came and built wonderful works, and then made way for another race, of whose origin we know almost as little (Young Folks' History of the United States).

Subjects: Animals / Reptiles, Archaeology, Art, Birds, Cemeteries, Charlemont (MA), Children, Chinese, Curiosities and Wonders, Family, Farmers & Farming / Flowers, Fires, History, Horses, Households, Japanese, Latin America, Literature / Web Pages, Lost and Found, Mines and Mineral Resources, Names, Native Americans, Old Age, Pottery / Crockery, Racism

Posted by stew - Fri, May 5, 2006

Gazette & Courier - Monday, February 8, 1875
The right kind of a boy

The right kind of a boy - About 50 years ago a youth working on a farm, asked his father to give him money enough to buy a gun . The old man could not spare it. But the boy, nothing daunted, found an old piece of iron about the place, and in the course of time contrived to make a gun barrel out of it, with the very meager facilities afforded by a country blacksmith shop. He had not the materials to make a lock and stock, so he walked to the nearest town and traded for the necessary attachments; and was encouraged by the smith for having so good a http://www.remington...ery/album02/Cowboy01 shooter : this gave him the ambition to make another. So he went to cutting out grindstones from the native rock to raise the money for gun materials, and in a short time there was a considerable demand for guns of his make. During the French war with Prussia, he was called upon to furnish guns for the army, and in less than 8 months he made and delivered to the government of France http://www.remington...ery/album02/ERemAd01 rifles of a particular pattern costing $5,000,000, which amount was duly paid. The same man now furnishes rifles for the United States, South America, Rome, Spain, Egypt and Japan. The farmer’s boy who wanted a gun is Eliphalet Remington of Illion, N.Y. [i.e. http://www.remington...nformation/ilion.asp Ilion, N.Y. ] His http://www.remington...ry/album02/Factory01 manufactory covers 4 acres of ground, and he http://www.remington...um02/ERemFactory1854 employs 1200 men. Not satisfied with this achievement, he has recently completed a http://www.remington...ery/album02/ERemAd02 sewing machine which is reported to be quite a success. This is the type of a boy who, when there is not a way, makes one for himself.

Subjects: Business Enterprises, Businesspeople, Economics, Farmers & Farming / Flowers, French, Germans, Government, Households, Inventions, Italians, Japanese, Latin America, Lost and Found, Rich People, Vendors and Purchasers, War / Weaponry, Work, Arabs, Europe

Posted by stew - Sat, Dec 31, 2005

Gazette & Courier - Monday, January 4, 1875
Russian homes Russian homes - Theophile Gautier , in his book describing http://www.gutenberg.../12404-h/12404-h.htm "A Winter in Russia" , has the following paragraph showing how the wealthier residents of St. Petersburg protect themselves in their houses against the rigors of the winter: "The windows are invariably double, and the space between the sashes is covered with a layer of fine sand, dsigned to absorb moisture and prevent the frost from silvering the panes. Twisted horns of paper containing salt are set in it, and sometimes the sand is concealed by a bed of moss. There are no outside shutters or blinds, for they would be useless, since the windows remain closed all winter, being carefully filled in around the edges with a kind of cement. One narrow, movable pane serves to admit fresh air, but its use is disagreeable and even dangerous, so great is the contrast (in winter) between the temperature without and that within. Heavy curtains of rich material still further deaden the effect of the cold upon the glass. The temperature within these hermetically sealed houses is kept at 66 or 68 degrees, so that the ladies, if they desire, can dress in the lightest fabrics. The people seem to be intensely fond of flowers , and the well to do cultivate them profusely. Flowers receive you at the door and go with you up the stairway; Irish ivies festoon the balusters; jardineres adorn the landing on every floor. In the embrasure of the windows bananas spread out their broad, silken leaves; tallpot palms, magnolias, camelias growing like trees, mingle their blossoms with the gilded volutes of the cornices; orchids hover like butterflies around lamp shades of crystal, porcelain and curiously wrought terra cotta. From horn shaped vases of Japanese porcelain or of Bohemian glass, placed in the center of a table or at the corner of a sideboard, spring sheaves of superb exotics; and all this floral splendor thrives as in a hothouse. In truth, every Russian apartment is a hothouse; in the street, you are at the Pole; within doors, you might believe yourself in the Tropics. Even the wealthier classes retain in a measure certain habits of tent life, which betray the origin of the people. Instead of setting apart chambers for exclusive use as sleeping rooms, a camp bed or low divan is concealed behind a folding screen in one corner, often in the most sumptuous parlors, and upon such resting places the Russian drops down whenever his eyelids happen to be heavy. In the houses of the wealthy the preparation of the food is entirely under the control of French cooks, although a few national dishes still retain their place on the table".

Subjects: Astronomy, Curiosities and Wonders, Dreams / Sleep, Eye, Farmers & Farming / Flowers, Food, French, Furniture, Glass / Windows, Households, Ice, Insects, Irish, Japanese, Light, Pottery / Crockery, Rich People, Roads, Trees, Urbanization / Cities, Weather, Women, Architecture / Construction, Russia, Clothing

Posted by stew - Sat, Dec 31, 2005

Gazette & Courier - Monday, January 4, 1875
A Japanese home

A http://home.worldcom...410JapHouseTxE1.html Japanese home - A recent traveler thus describes the interior of a Japanese house: "A shopkeeper, who has curious things for sale, invites us to enter his http://home.worldcom...12JapHouseFigE1.html house . The room on the street is his shop. The whole front part is open, door and window all one, without sash or panes of glass, wide open by day, closed with wooden shutters at night. We step in and look at his work boxes of fancy wood, his tea trays and lacquered ware, glove boxes, fans and great variety of kick-nacks [i.e. knick-knacks] and then pass from the shop into the house. The parlor is a platform raised about two feet from the ground, covered with matting . There are a few low stools, pictures by Japanese artists on the walls; pots and pans in one corner; tea cups, saucers, bowls and plates of nice porcelain ware on a shelf; a roll of mats in another corner, which will be spread upon the floor at night for bedding. We are in the presence of the shopkeeper's wife and daughter - the daughter a young lady perhaps 20 years old. Both the ladies are dressed in the extreme lowness of fashion - no waist, no underclothing - nothing but a skirt. The shopkeeper's wife bustles about, sets the stools aside, disappears behind a scene, and reappears with a mahogany stuffed chair, and with many a smile and nod and wink, motions us to the seat, then herself crouches upon the floor at our feet, shows us photographs of Nagasaki and other works of art. We have an opportunity to study her features. She is small of stature, has long black hair nicely combed, smooth, braided, done up neatly, and tastefully adorned with artificial flowers. She has a pug nose, high and prominent cheek bones, a broad forehead, and small black eyes, a tawny complexion with a tinge of peach bloom upon her cheeks, a homely mouth and a red lip. Not many artists would give such features to their idea of perfect beauty, but for all that there is pleasing expression of the countenance when animated; or when the smile becomes a laugh, and the lips part, we see http://herkules.oulu...66331/html/t123.html two rows of showy teeth , black as jet. We think of a coal hod, or of looking into a knothole opened into a dark room. More than this, the lady has pulled out every hair of her eyebrows. Thereby hangs a story. The legend is that years ago a beautiful princess of Japan, in order to show her devotion to her husband, blackened her teeth and pulled out her eyebrows - making herself hideous in the sight of all gallants, and so all loving wives follow her example. There is but little to be seen in a Japanese house. The partitions between rooms are movable screens , and in most houses of the lower and middling classes there is but one room, and the entire furniture might be packed on a hand cart.

Subjects: Art, Barber / Hair, Beverages, Coal, Courtship, Curiosities and Wonders, Dreams / Sleep, Eye, Family, Farmers & Farming / Flowers, Fashion, Furniture, Glass / Windows, Households, Japanese, Marriage and Elopement, Masculinity (Machismo), Photographs, Pottery / Crockery, Roads, Royalty, Sales, Stores, Retail, Trees, Urbanization / Cities

Posted by stew - Mon, Dec 19, 2005

Gazette & Courier - Monday, December 28, 1874
A disastrous fire occurred at Tokio [i.e. Tokyo] Japan on Nov. 17th. About 1000 houses were burned.

A disastrous fire occurred at Tokio [i.e. Tokyo] Japan on Nov. 17th. About 1000 houses were burned.

Subjects: Fires, Households, Japanese

Posted by stew - Mon, Dec 19, 2005

Gazette & Courier - Monday, December 28, 1874
Burning of the Steamer Japan

Burning of the Steamer Japan - The particulars of the burning of the http://www.theshipsl...ines/pacificmail.htm Pacific mail steamer Japan, off the coast of China, are not yet received, but enough is known to confirm the reports of a frightful loss of life. The steamer was on its way from San Francisco to Hong Kong, and had touched at Yokohama, where she left all but 3 of her cabin passengers. The vessel must have taken fire soon after leaving the sea of Japan, as the fire is supposed to have burned some time. http://www.hazegray....unboats/ashuelot.txt She finally went down in sight of land only 12 miles from the coast of China. There were 424 Chinese steerage passengers ; most of them are lost. The three cabin passengers on board were T.W. Crocker, R.M. Tindell, and Mary Stoll. Miss Stoll has arrived in Hong Kong in safety, in a boat which also contained the chief engineer and 7 Chinese seamen. The officers of the Japan were http://www.mysticsea...ageNum=4&BibID=34982 Captain E.R. Warsaw ; first officer, F.W. Hart; second officer, H.H. Andrews; third officer, J.P. Gallagher; chief engineer, John Cosgrove; purser, John Rooney; surgeon, V.B. Gales; freight clerk, C.L. Gorham; storekeeper, W.B. Horn; steward, O.N. Clark; second steward, William Ray; first assistant engineer, W. Bennett; second assistant engineer, David Fulton; third assistant engineer, James Henry. Captain Warsaw has been in the employ of the company ten years and was considered one of their best officers. The Japan was a wooden sidewheel steamer, of 4532 tons burden. She was one of the last wooden vessels built for the company, and was launched 12 years ago from the shipyard of http://www.mysticsea...ll051/spcoll051.html William H. Webb , at the foot of Sixth Street, East River. Her cost, including engines, was about $1,000,000. She was built at a time when timber was comparatively cheap, and it is estimated that with the advantage in the price of materials, and making the allowance for wear and tear, the Japan was worth at the time of the disaster at least 3 quarters of a million. She was heavily insured in the Marine and other insurance companies. The Japan was somewhat peculiar in construction. She had a larger walking beam than customary, and 2 smoke stacks, one placed well forward and the other well aft. It was the opinion of one of the directors, that she must have caught fire from the heating of the coal in her bunkers. Her bunkers were built low in her hold so that some of the coal was liable to be soaked in bilge water. It is said that coal thus wet generates heat and gases which are liable to ignite. In the absence of other information, it is believed that the fire on the Japan was caused by the ignition of these gases. The cargo of the vessel was of the usual assortment, and consisted of butter, cheese, flour, ginseng, liquors, etc. When she sailed from San Francisco she had 973 tons of freight and $375,000 in treasure. Late dispatches from Hong Kong say that Capt. Warsaw and several of the crew and passengers of the burned steamer Japan, have arrived on the Chinese coast. This leaves 400 Chinese, the surgeon, part of the crew, and 2 passengers to be heard from. These may be at sea with the missing boats and raft, or they may have landed at more distant points on the coast. It seems hardly possible, however, that all of the living freight of the ship could have escaped. The Chinese, who are ignorant and timid, cannot save themselves under any very serious difficulties; and as in the wreck of coolie ships, they are likely to perish where white men would be saved.

Subjects: Business Enterprises, Charlemont (MA), Chinese, Coal, Disasters, Economics, Fires, Food, Japanese, Liquors, Mail, Medical Personnel, Natural Resources, Obituaries, Poor, Racism, Rivers / Lakes / Oceans, Roads, Transportation, Trees, Urbanization / Cities, Women, Work

Posted by stew - Sun, Dec 18, 2005

Gazette & Courier - Monday, December 28, 1874
General Myers' trip to Japan

General Myers' trip to Japan - A Washington special says: " http://www.rootsweb....ns/vol17/v17p247.htm Brevet Brigadier General William Myers , United States Army, detailed to convey to the Emperor of Japan [ http://www.answers.c...text=Meiji%20Emperor Mutsuhito, the Meiji Emperor ] a present of a full set of small arms and a Gatling gun used in the American army, has returned to this city, and today made a verbal report of his mission to the President. General Myers [possible portrait ] was accompanied as far as Yaddo by Colonel Syford appointed on the same duty. The Emperor received the two officers at his palace, and expressed himself much gratified at the presents and paid a high compliment to the superior merits of American firearms. A large no. of different patterns had been brought to his attention by agents of companies, hence he was quite familiar with the points of value they possessed. The advance made in overcoming the ancient peculiarities and prejudices of the people is reported to be very satisfactory. After performing his duty General Myers visited all parts of the empire and was everywhere kindly received. He observed signs of Western civilization on all sides, and many articles of American manufacture were recognized and had evidently become familiar to the people.

Subjects: Business Enterprises, Government, History, Japanese, Racism, Royalty, Sales, Urbanization / Cities, Vacations, War / Weaponry

Posted by stew - Tue, Nov 29, 2005

Gazette & Courier - Monday, December 21, 1874
Paper undergarments for women have struck the Pacific coast from Japan and are likely to soon make their a

Paper undergarments for women have struck the Pacific coast from Japan and are likely to soon make their appearance this way.

Subjects: Curiosities and Wonders, Fashion, Japanese, Women, Clothing

Posted by stew - Fri, Nov 11, 2005

Gazette & Courier - Monday, December 21, 1874
Frightful disaster

Frightful disaster - The steamer Japan which sailed from Hong Kong on the 30th of Nov., was burned at sea on Thurs, about 60 miles from Yokohama. Only a few of the passengers and crew were saved.

Subjects: Accident Victims, Charlemont (MA), Disasters, Fires, Japanese, Transportation

Posted by stew - Sat, Oct 1, 2005

Gazette & Courier - Monday, December 7, 1874
A heavy typhoon occurred at Yeso Japan Oct. 12. Many seacoast villages were greatly injured and one was entirely destroyed. 33 junks were wrecke

A heavy typhoon occurred at Yeso Japan Oct. 12. Many seacoast villages were greatly injured and one was entirely destroyed. 33 junks were wrecked and 200 lives were lost.

Subjects: Accident Victims, Charlemont (MA), Disasters, Floods, Japanese, Transportation, Weather

Posted by stew - Sat, Oct 1, 2005

Gazette & Courier - Monday, December 7, 1874
The boiler on a steamer in Lake Biwi [Japan] exploded recently, and the passengers and crew, numbering 100, are reported to have either been killed by the explosion or drowned.

The boiler on a steamer in Lake Biwi [Japan] exploded recently, and the passengers and crew, numbering 100, are reported to have either been killed by the explosion or drowned.

Subjects: Accident Victims, Charlemont (MA), Disasters, Japanese, Transportation

Posted by stew - Fri, Feb 11, 2005

Gazette & Courier - Monday, November 16, 1874
China and Japan have finally concluded an amiable settlement of the China and http://www.users.big...nd/JapExpansion.html Japan have finally concluded an amiable settlement of the http://www.virtual-a...archives_formosa.htm Formosan Question . China is to pay Japan 500,000 taels (about $750,000) as an indemnity for the outrages on Japanese sailors, and Japan has agreed to withdraw her army of occupation.

Subjects: Chinese, Crime, Economics, Japanese, War / Weaponry

Posted by stew - Fri, Feb 11, 2005

Gazette & Courier - Monday, November 16, 1874
The Indians

The Indians - A desperate fight near http://www.stjohnks....dodgecampsupply.html Camp Supply - A sharp fight took place on the 6th last, 20 miles from http://www.ok-histor...-sites/fshistory.htm Camp Supply , Indian Territory, between 28 cavalry men of company 11, under http://www.texasbeyo...edriver/battles.html Capt. Farnsworth , and 100 Indians. The fight lasted from 1 o'clock till dark, during which 15 Indians were killed and 50 wounded. The troops lost 1 man killed, 4 wounded, 10 horses killed and 2 wounded. Capt. Farnsworth's ammunition giving out, he retreated during the night, cutting his way through the Indian camp and reaching Camp Supply the next morning. A detachment of cavalry was sent in pursuit of the Indians. Col. Neil [?], commanding at the Cheyenne Agency, reported that he has 228 prisoners, all Cheyenne warriors, and that 35 more are on their way in, under Stone Calf . 15 are reported to have been killed by the troops, leaving 220 Cheyenne warriors yet to be accounted for and still in the field away from the reservation, the most of whom under Gray Beard [also seen as http://www.rra.dst.t...ple/GREY%20BEARD.cfm Grey Beard , and http://www.rootsweb....beard_wotw111936.htm Greybeard ] are on the Upper Canadian River , deliberating whether to come into their agency or go north. Gen. Alexander has been directed to push forward in that direction.

Subjects: Animals / Reptiles, Barber / Hair, Hoosac Tunnel (MA), Japanese, Native Americans, Rivers / Lakes / Oceans, War / Weaponry, Canada

Posted by stew - Sat, Jan 29, 2005

Gazette & Courier - Tuesday, November 10, 1874
(Greenfield) If you want a good light, get the Round Wick Argand Burner and shade at Field's Crockery Store. Wooden and Japanes

(Greenfield) If you want a good light, get the http://www.lampguild...rchives/Q0001952.htm Round Wick Argand Burner and shade at Field's Crockery Store. Wooden and Japanese paper ware and all kinds of home furnishing goods.

Subjects: Advertising, Fires, Greenfield (MA), Households, Japanese, Light, Pottery / Crockery, Stores, Retail, Trees

Posted by stew - Sun, Jan 2, 2005

Gazette & Courier - Monday, November 2, 1874
A A typhoon in Japan - A letter to the Providence Journal from Nagasaki , Sept. 4 says: "On the morning of the 27th of August we noticed that the barometer was filling slightly, but notwithstanding, the United States steamer http://www.history.n.../l1/lackawanna-i.htm Lackawanna sailed for Kobe, so little was there thought of the weather indications. About one o'clock there was a very sudden fall of the barometer, and it kept falling until it reached 28:20, when the storm was at its height. The wind came first from the northeast, blowing in the rear of the town and directly across the harbor. I had just retired for the night in my quarters on the shore, in the building occupied by the agent of the http://www.sfhistory...s/p/pacificMail.html Pacific Mail Steamers . When the gentleman of the house came to my room in his pangamahs (night dress) and told me to get up at once, that the building was in great danger, and that we must leave it. I seized my shoes and coat, and took my watch from under my pillow, and sought refuge in the lower hall, near a large safe, where we all remained until about 3 o'clock in the morning, when the gale moderated. On going up stair to the different rooms I don't think I ever saw so complete a wreck. The windows were nearly all smashed in, and even the side of the house had, in several places, actually blown in. The paper was falling from the walls, and everything was wet and covered with mud. But our injuries were trifling in comparison to what had befallen others. Hundreds of fine buildings had been leveled to the ground, and even the solid http://www.globalsec...ry/ops/sea_angel.htm godowns were in ruins. The governor 's new house, built on the European plan, which had only been occupied about 4 months, was leveled, its occupants barely escaping with their lives. The old Dutch settlement of Decima [i.e. Dejima ], many houses, of which were nearly 200 years old, is in ruins. Every flag staff is down. All the foreign and the greater portion of the houses in the native settlement have their houses covered with large tiles, which tiles, loosened by the wind, were flying in all directions, making it unsafe to move about the streets. The heavy stone wall on the bund was thrown down by the wind and sea, and the capstones , which are 4 or 5 ft. in length by a foot square, were actually blown across the street. Trees were uprooted and blown to pieces. Such is a brief account of the appearance on land. Destructive as the gale had been ashore, a sadder tale is told of its effects in the harbor and at sea. I was almost afraid to look out of my window in the morning. The old http://www.americasl...il_ftmorgan_2_e.html flagship Hartford lay in nearly the same position as she was in at the commencement of the storm, and had apparently suffered but little; but early all the other ships seemed mixed up in a general confusion. The Hartford had all her anchors out and kept her steam up. We got a boat and pulled around the harbor. Such a picture of devastation I never before witnessed. We came to the fine http://www.historyli...put.cfm?file_id=1967 steamer Madras , lately purchased by the Japanese government for a transport. She was ashore on a rocky point, with her stern nearly out of water. Behind and around her lay half a dozen or more junks, or rather their remains, for they were all smashed up. Next we came to the Japanese naval depot. Here nearly every building was unroofed, and large chimneys lay prostrate. Junks of all descriptions and sizes were scattered, more or less wrecked, along the shore. Here lay the celebrated iron-clad ram Stonewall , purchased long ago by the Japanese government from the United States. She had parted both chains, gone on the rocks and started the plates on her bottom. To keep her from going down they had run her ashore. They had all their pumps going, which apparently had been of little service. Near the Stonewall, high and dry on a ledge of rocks, which at very low tide are out of water, was a fine large ship called the Hamburg. She had dragged both anchors, and to all appearance would prove a total loss. Next we came to the Sooho, a dismantled bark, laying just ahead of the Ashuelot, and near by the Kearsage and Saco, United States steamers. All had suffered more or less, losing boats and ladders. A little further lay the bark Bertha dismasted, and the Ariel ashore, but not seriously damaged. Blowing around the bay we found the shore strewn with wrecks of junks and stampans [i.e. http://www.maxwaugh....yangtze/sampans.html sampans ]. Every yacht and cargo boat had been sunk. We found three ship's boats belonging to the Hartford, one of them worthless, the others but slightly damaged. It is now a week since the terrible typhoon took place, and reports have come in of the disasters at other places. The vessels on shore have mostly been got off. The Stonewall was raised yesterday, after laying a week on the rocks, and now lies at anchor near the Hartford, apparently as good as ever. The Chinese at Shanghai, when they heard of her mishap, burnt joss sticks and had a grand jollification. They will feel different when they hear she is all right again. We have reports from the custom house here that there were 415 junks registered on the Sat. preceding the gale, and up to the present time less than 20 have been accounted for. Each of these junks must have had from 6 to 20 people on board, so you can form an idea of the fearful loss of life that occurred. In Nagasaki harbor alone, the loss is estimated at 2000, and I think the estimate too low. Nearly a thousand bodies have been recovered, and doubtless numbers remain in the junks now lying at the bottom of the sea. There are a number of small fishing villages within some 50 miles circuit of Nagasaki, and the loss of junks and buildings was in the same fearful ratio. I heard of one village not far off where there where a thousand lives were reported lost. The typhoon was the most severe that was ever known in Japan, certainly there was never anything like it in Nagasaki.

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