You are not logged in.   

Forgot password / Verify | Sign up now! | Printer Friendly

The Franklin County Publication Archive Index is constantly updated. By creating an account you can elect to receive notices when new articles are added and when people comment on the articles.

Join today!


Sep 22, 2023
Franklin County (MA) News Archive
The Franklin County Publication Archive Index

To search for a particular subject term, click on the highlighted link containing that term at the bottom of the article. For example, if you are seeking more articles about animals, click on the highlighted link which says Animals/Reptiles/Amphibians.

Article Archives: Articles: Italians

Showing 25

Posted by stew - Mon, Feb 23, 2009

Gazette & Courier - Monday, September 20, 1875
From Turin to Florence

From Turin to Florence, by P. Thorne (Mrs. Fayette Smith) [long article].

Subjects: Amusements, Italians, Vacations, Women

Posted by stew - Thu, Feb 12, 2009

Gazette & Courier - Monday, September 13, 1875
The Catamount Hill Coleraine Reunion

The Catamount HIll Coleraine Reunion - The reunion of the present and former members of Catamount Hill, Coleraine occurred on Wed. Sept. 1. There was quite a large gathering of people, and the exercises which were as follows, were interesting and endorsed by those present: Reading of Scriptures by Andrus Shippee [also seen as Andros Shippee], President of the day, from Benjamin Farley’s old family Bible; Prayer by Daniel Davenport, an old resident of the hill; Hymn, Coronation Chronological History, by Dr. A.F. Davenport; Hymn, arranged for the occasion:

"This mountain, ’tis of thee
Land of sweet memory
Of thee we sing
Land where our fathers died
Land of their early pride
Aye from this mountain side
Let music ring.

Our native Mountain, thee
Land of the parent tree
Thy name we love.
We love the rocks and rills
Thy woods and towering hills
Our heart within us thrills
Like that above.

Welcome from Western lands
Thrice welcome in our hands
Ye friends of yore.
From distant home released
To mingle in glad feast
With kindred from the east
As wont before.

Let music swell the breeze
And ring from all the trees
Sweet memory’s song
Let every tongue awake
Let all that breathe partake
Let rocks their silence break
the sound prolong.

Our fathers, God, to thee
The highest praises be
To thee we song
Long may our lives be bright
Protect us by Thy might
Great God our King.

Family History, by Miss Emma Farley; Song, by Miss Gertrude Baker; Old Oaken Bucket, by David Cary; Sixty Years Ago, by Miss Nellie Ives; Dinner; After dinner there were speeches from a number of those present. The following is Dr. Davenport’s http://archiver.root...Y/2001-06/0991943526 address:

Chapter 1

And it came to pass in the reign of George and Martha, that certain tribes of the people who dwelt in many parts of the land, bethought themselves that they would leave their birth right to their brethren, and depart from the land of their fathers and go into a far off country, and make by the sweat of the brow a more noble inheritance, both to themselves and to their children.

And there was in these days a mighty wilderness, and no man kneweth the end thereof. Neither did any man dwell therein, save a few of the wandering tribes of the Gentiles called the "red man". And these did neither plant nor gather into barns; only slay a few wild beasts with the bow and arrow, for they were archers.

And now in the midst of the wilderness arose up even into the heavens an exceedingly high mountain, which was fair to look upon from the plains below, for it was covered with mighty trees even into the brow thereof. And then did roam upon this mountain many wild beasts, but the one that did most abound was one which was very fleet of foot, and did prey upon the lesser beasts of the forest, and upon the flocks of those who journeyed hither, and was called the catamount, and the region did very much abound in rocks which were the fastnesses of these beasts, and there was a cave which did reach even to the bowels of the earth in which these beasts did make their dens, and so much had they increased and multiplied that they were a terror to the coming tribes of the mountains, wherefore that place is called Catamount HIll to this day.

Chapter 2

Now the names of some of the tribes who first journeyed hither were these: Aaron, whose surname was Cary, Israel and Peter, and Amasa of the tribe of Shippee. Alden, who was also named Willis. Elihu of the tribe of Holden, and Paul, who was also called Davenport. And these said among themselves, come, let us get up and make some war upon the forests, and drive out the wild beasts, and make unto ourselves habitations.

And all the elders of the tribes said they would do so, for the thing was right in the eyes of all the people. And Aaron said unto Jemima, his wife, come, let us gather ourselves together, even from the middle of the Borough, and let us with our children travel westward, and they came and took up their abode upon the east side of the mountain.

And behold Hezekiah, whose surname was Smith, dwelt also on the east side of the mountain, even unto the entering in of the wilderness from the river. And their flocks were multiplied, for they dwelt among plants and hedges. And Peter went up and Amasa and all lsrael unto this mountain, and the tribe of Farly.

And Anan, also called Bass, went with Joseph, whose surname was Farnsworth, and they dwelt near together in the hollow according to their generations. And in those days came Paul and Alice, his wife, and they made war upon the wild beasts of the forests, and they pitched their tent and dwelt at the border thereof, where they cleared the land and had green pastures, and their flocks and herds were multiplied and they also begat children, whose names were Zacheus, Thomas and Paul, Daniel and Levi; and they also had daughters given unto them: Lydia, Sally and Alice.

And now Alice lay sick of a fever, and great fear came upon the whole household for she was nigh unto death. And Paul saddled his beast and did go for one Nathaniel, who dwelt in the valley by the river, and whose appellation was "Dr. Nat". And he came with saddlebags and he gave unto her pills of buckthorn and aloes,and the drink of herbs, queen of the meadow, motherwort and sarsaparilla, and after many days she recovered, and great rejoicing came upon all the household.

And behold Nathaniel found that she was fair to look upon, and he said, come in unto me and let us dwell together. And Alice said, I will go; and they went to dwell at the head of the meadow, in a house builded by one Artemas and Ruth. And now it came to pass after this, Joel, one of the Chiefs, and Zenas, the son of Cary, sent messengers to Nathaniel, and timbers of cedar, with masons and carpenters to build him a barn. And they builded it 40 cubits long; the stable thereof was 10 cubits, and a threshing floor 10 cubits and 20 cubits for a bay.

Chapter 3

Now it came to pass in those days, as Aaron sat in his house, that Aaron said to Jemima, his wife: "Behold, our meal getteth low, and our children hunger for bread, give unto me! I pray thee a bag that I may fill it with corn and go to the grinders". And Jemima said, go do all that is in thy heart. And Aaron arose and went. And it came to pass as he was journeying homeward from the mill, the even was come and darkness fell upon the whole land, and a great fog encompassed him about, and his way was lost. And Aaron lifted up his voice and cried aloud "Jemima! Jemima!! JEMIMA!!!"

Now Jemimah heard the cry of Aaron and answered, In here am I. But he heard her not, for her voice was weak. So she straightway took a stick and beat vehemently upon the side of the house, and Aaron hearing the sound thereof hastened homeward. Now the sons of Aaron were Zenas and Levi, but Levi died before his father and had no children. And the children of Zenas and Sally, his wife, who were of the tribe of Maxam, were these: Charlotte and Mariettie, John and George, William, David and Levi, 7 in all.

But the days of Mariettie on the earth were as a shadow, and she was not, for God took her; and Charlotte had wisdom and knowledge granted unto her, and she came in and went out before the children and taught them. And the sons of Zenas were skillful to work in stone and in timber and in tilling the land.

And behold, William was wiser than the others about bees, and the queens of Italia, and did make unto himself a great name. And David, like one of old, was a mighty man and a slayer of beasts and of cattle, and behold, the flesh thereof he did keep in markets, and with it he did feed the tribes of Aaron.

And now after many days it came to pass that Aaron and Jemima, being full of years, died. And Zenas and Sally reigned in their stead.

Chapter 4

Now Amasa, Israel and Peter were the three divisions of our tribe, who came to dwell in the hill country and they went even unto the top of the mountain and sought pastures for their flocks. Even over against the habitations of the wild beasts. And behold the house of Amasa increased greatly, and Andrus, Nancy, Jesse, Alvira and Jerusha, Henry, Chauncey, Nathan, Thankful and Kate, all these mentioned by their names, were the children of Amasa and Rhoda.

And after these days Rhoda saith unto Amasa, behold how our house has been multiplied, let us enlarge our borders, I pray thee, that there may be room in our house to dwell there. And this saying pleased Amasa and he straightway brought his cattle and his oxen, and gathered stones and timber and did build him an house, such as one as had not been there before him. He also made shingles of cedar and spruce and covered his house therewith.

Now Amasa was a man of great stature, even 5 cubits high. And Rhoda wrought fine linen and kersey, and with it did make clothes for her family and for Andrus, her first born. For behold, Rhoda was an helpmeet unto Amasa.

Now the children of Israel were Ira, Zovia, Azuba, Anan, Amasa, Catherine, Abraham, Israel, Martha and one younger called Darling. Now the children of Ira, the first born, were these: Delana, Dordana and Diana, and a son, a shepherd, who died in his youth. And Ira spake unto Dilla, his wife, to appoint their daughters to be the singers. So the daughters were appointed, and with their neighbors did often make merry with corn huskings and apple pearings [probably meant parings] with playing and dancing, making great noise with viols and with harps.

And it came to pass in these days that George took wives from the daughters of Ira, and went to dwell with Zenas, his father. And Zenas saith "Unto thee will I give the land of our fathers, even the house of Aaron, for the lot of thine inheritance" and he abode there many days. And George had exceeding much riches and honor, and he made himself treasures of silver and gold. Also storehouses for the increase of corn and stalls for all manner of beasts, and cotes for flocks, for God had given him substance very much.

And George prospered in all his works, and now sleeps with his fathers; and they buried him in the chiefest of the sepulchres of the sons of Aaron. And all the inhabitants of the hill town did him honor at his death, and Clark, his son, reigned in his stead.

And behold, Ira dwelt many years upon the mountain heights, well content with his lot. And one door of his house opened southward, and he was wont to remove his waistcoat and tarry long, even in the heat of the sun. Before his door, even near the steps thereof, the sweet-heart which Dilla had planted and watered waxed strong. And the sunflower towered high, even 6 cubits, and their fowls, their geese and their turkeys did gather in the shade thereof.

After these things it came to pass that Ira was stricken with a malady too grievous to be borne, and he died and rested with his father. And Dilla went to dwell in the house of her daughter, near the banks of the river; and in fullness of time she died. And behold, now the house of Ira was left desolate.

Chapter 5

And it came to pass in those days that Peter saw that it was not good for man to dwell alone. Now Dorcas was of the tribe of the Pikes, and Peter saw that she was fair, and he said unto her: "Dorcas, if you love me less buss [?] and they went to dwell together; and they builded them an house near the brook by the side of a rock, and nigh unto the habitations of Paul and of Levi. And lo! a mighty storm arose and it beat vehemently upon the house, but it fell not for it was founded by the rock, and darkness was upon the whole land for it was night.

And lo! while Peter and Dorcas slept, a thunderbolt descended from the heavens and did rend the house, and even the bed whereon they slept! and behold, it did divide in twain the soap trough, and did scatter the contents broadcast over the house and the children. And the dog and the swine were killed, and grat fear came upon all the household. And Peter arose and spake unto Dorcas, his wife, "Come, let us arise and give thanks unto the Lord, for he has been merciful unto us; He has saved us from the mighty judgments of the Lord".

And the next day was the Sabbath, and many people gathered in the house of the Lord, and as they went, they tarried at the house of Peter and Dorcas, and with them did offer up thankofferings [sic] that they were saved from the terrors of the thunderbolt, and He had made their lives precious in his sight. And Peter gathered with all the people in the house of the Lord, and Myres, the Elder, arose and said "The Lord hath been good unto his people; yea, He hath showed a great mercy even unto the house of Peter".

So Peter arose and sang a hymn:

"God moves in a mysterious way,
His wonders to perform
He plants his footsteps in the sea
And rides upon the storm".

And all the people said amen. And the Lord blessed Peter and his seed was multiplied: Peter, Susie, Rolly and Fanny, Annie,, Josiah, Patience, Eliza, Paul, Silas and Mila. These were his children - 11 in all.

Chapter 6

And it came to pass in those days that Daniel the prophet was joined to one of the tribe of Barnes, and her name was Patty: and Daniel was famous in his time as an expounder of the Scriptures, mighty in speech, and all the people came to hear him declare the truth on his day. And behold, he was sorely distressed, inasmuch as his substance was oftimes destroyed by fire, and desolation came upon his whole household.

And Daniel humbled himself before the God of his fathers, and the Lord favored Daniel and greatly blessed his household. And these were the sons of Daniel: David, Thomas, Alonzo, Orrie, Tirtious and Hiram; but the names of his daughters were Lucinda, Emily and Caroline. And it came to pass that these all went by themselves in families, some even to the four quarters of the earth, but David and Lucinda did abide near the house of their father.

And after these days Patty the Prophetess died, and Daniel lamented sore. But in process of time, it came to pass that Mary entered into Daniel’s house, and lo! there was restored unto him sevenfold in Mary, who was greater by far than all his former household. For since the time of the fathers there was not found the like in all the tribes of the mountain.

Chapter 7

Now it came to pass that Abraham, the son of Farnsworth, dwelt in the house of Joseph; and after many days Joseph died and Abram [sic] reigned in his stead, with Dolly, who was of the house of Holden. Now Abram was a tiller of the land, and behold, he was barefooted on the top of his head, as was also his father before him. And it came to pass that Orin was pleased with Roxy, the daughter of Abram, and he took her to wife, and they went to dwell in the house left by Nathaniel; and after many days Orin died, and Roxy tarried and reigned there.

And Riley, her brother, did dwell in the house of their father Abram. Now Dolly’s two brothers, Elihu and John, dwelt also on the south side of the mountain near the house of Anan, whose surname was Bass, and behold Anan had an impediment in his speech, and when he was old and infirm he rested from his labors; and Adna and Rebecca reigned there many years after.

Chapter 8

And it came to pass that Abram, the son of Shippee, said unto himself, Behold, I myself am a man, and I will leave even the house of my father Israel. And he married a wife from the tribe of Farley, and her name was Lucy, and they builded them an habitation and dwelt on the north side of the mountain. Now there were daughters born unto them (but behold the son shone not his face in all their household).

Fanny, Jane and Nancy, Martha, Almira and Parthena were the names of the daughters of Abraham. And it came to pass that when men did multiply on the mountains, and daughters were born unto them, that the sons saw the daughters, that they were fair, and they took them wives of all which they chose. And one, a Levite, took the firstborn of Abram; and behold all the daughters were scattered abroad. And after the death of Lucy desolation came upon the whole house. And again, after many days, Abram was joined to another and went to dwell near the plains, in an Ashfield.

Chapter 9

And it came to pass that Peter, the brother of Paul and Silas, said unto Polly, let us pitch our tent and dwell near the house of our fathers, for so it seemeth good. And now behold near by their habitation was a dense swamp, and Peter was a man of great daring, and he fain would have walked upon the surface thereof, but his faith was weak, for there was much water there.

And behold a great calamity fell upon Peter, inasmuch as his nose was divided asunder and one of his eyes were blinded by the kick of old Gilpin, and Peter was sore discouraged, and all his household; and he said unto Polly, "Come, let us journey into a far country, where peradventure we shall find greener pastures for our flocks, and a richer inheritance for our children".

And they went on their journey and Nathaniel possessed the land. And behold Nathaniel was a man of great stature and of large understandings, and he was wont to remove the coverings thereof, and to tarry long among the eels and turtles that did much abound in the meadow ditches.

Now the length of this meadow, and the breadth thereof, was exceedingly great, and in it were many islands, both great and small, covered with trees and shrubs, and with herbs; and lo, Nathaniel and Alice were wont to go out and bring in of the abundance thereof in their season; for behold Nathaniel was a disciple of Hippocrates, and was possessed of the healing art in a great degree; and he had vessels of wood and of iron in which he did compound medicines for the cure of divers maladies.

And now it came to pass when the harvest was ended, and winter drew near, Nathaniel spent the long evenings thereof making baskets of willow, and hooping the sieves which Alice did weave from hair, and did bind with the leaves of the flag. And now Robert, their firstborn, was skillful to work in brass and in iron, and to grave all manner of graving, and to find out any device that was put to him.

And lo, it came to pass that he was pierced with a chisel, and so were his days numbered. And now Nathaniel’s 4th son was called Truair, after one, a high priest, who traveled the circuit of the hill country. Now Truair did in habits much resemble his father; he was a tiller of the ground, and he bethought himself that he would journey in a far country, where he might find more fertile fields; and he bought a parcel of land where he spread his tent.

And there his possessions increased much. And it came to pass in the sixth month - the month Sivan - that he was cultivating the land, when lo, there descended upon him a thunderbolt; and he was taken up dead, and they buried him in the field of burial, in the land of strangers.

And now it came to pass that there was born unto Nathaniel a daughter, and her name was called Lydia. Now Nathaniel and Alice did set their hearts upon her, because she was their only daughter, and well favored. So Lydia dwelt in her father’s household until his death. And she did many things that were praiseworthy, for behold she was a woman zealous of good works. And after many days it came to pass that Lydia was beloved by one Emerson, of the tribe of Cary, and they dwelt henceforth with the Adamonians.

Now Ammon, Joseph, and Jason were also of the household of Nathaniel, and behold they were diligent in sowing wild oats among the rooks and the hedges, and even over the ridgepole of the houses and barns. And after they were well brushed in, it came to pass that they did leave their father’s house, and did join themselves into the society of the Odentologues. And behold they were skillful in the making of gold and silver and of ivory, and did make appliances of cunning device and workmanship, which did even eat and speak for themselves; and all the Edentulous did greatly rejoice.

So they were very diligent in repairing the crumbling incisors, bicuspids and molars, and in all that, pertained to "restoring the contour of the human face divine". And behold one went to dwell with the Gothamites, by the border of the sea; but Joseph builded him an habitation in the Norwood of the Connecticut. and lo, it came to pass, that the house of Ammon was sawn asunder, and again, after many days, it was joified and perfected; and the household of Ammon did rejoice greatly in that they did dwell in broader fields, even in the "valley view" of the winding Hoosac River.

Chapter 10

And it came to pass that Levi was a shepherd born (not made) and behold to him fell the inheritance of Paul his father, and he took up his abode there, and did build him an house of hewn logs and timber. Now the house of Levi was more comely than that of Paul, inasmuch as it was broader and higher and was divided into diverse compartments for the convenience of his family. And behold Susan was exceeding glad and said, Come now, let us build storehouses for our flocks, houses for bees, and also for our cheese.

And now Levi was a man of great cunning and he was skillful int he hiving of bees, and their swarms did greatly increase and behold their household did flow with milk and honey. Now Levi possessed lands in great abundance, and his pastures did much abound in rocks and stones, and no beast could feed thereon, save that their noses were well sharpened. So their pastures did run over with sheep and with lambs, both great and small.

And in these days it came to pass that Levi and Susan did take in abundance of the first fruits of flocks, and of cheese and of honey, and of all the increase of the fields, and the tithe of all these things brought them in abundantly, and their coffers were filled with gold and silver. And behold Levi begat great honor unto himself, inasmuch as he tarried long to possess the lands of his fathers.

Chapter 11

And it came to pass that sundry members of Amasa’s household did journey westward; and one of the daughters tarried just over the mountain, and was joined to one David whose surname was Ives. And Kate, the younger, did worship the son of Simeon the Myres, and again she was made one of the tribe of Benjamin. And behold after many days she did return to the house of her father.

Now Nathan did much resemble his father in that he was tall and of a comely countenance, and he went to dwell in the Hub, where he did dispense to the tribes thereof of the milk of human kindness.

And now Chauncey the brother of Nathan was exceeding tall, even 5 cubits and over. And it came to pass in the reign of King Winter, when he did give his snow like wood, and did scatter his ice like morsels, and his hoar frost like ashes, that one Barton did gather together all the children of the hill tribes saying: harken ye unto me, and I will dispense unto you knowledge and wisdom, and learning in great abundance.

And now much learning did make Chauncey mad, and so he did sit down heavy upon his seat, and low the teacher was sore vexed, and commanded Chauncey that he rise and sit down again. And lo, Chauncey did all that was commanded him in that he did sit down threefold heavier than before, whereupon the teacher did rend his clothes and he drew forth a raw hide and with it Chauncey was beaten with many stripes until the ire of his wrath was kindled.

And behold he leaped over the counter and seized the teacher by the throat, and held him down until he begged for his life. And behold they armed themselves with shovels and with tongs, that they might be defended against the assaults of each other, and there arose a great tumult, and all the children quaked with fear and trembling. And it came to pass that when the noise of these things went abroad, Joel, Zenas and Levi consulted together, and Mary, the daughter of Smith reigned in his stead.

And now Andros the first born of Amasa was a captain and a man of great might, in that he did brave the storms and tempests of the mountain; he was also a man of great courage and daring in that he did dwell many years nearer the lions than any of the other tribes of the mountain; even after all his father’s household had forsaken him and gone. Now Andros did search diligently among all the daughters of the hill country, but found not one who would do him honor. So he chose to dwell alone in single blessedness, and verily he shall not lose his reward.

Chapter 12

Now it came to pass in those days that Alice said unto Emily, Behold, how sin doth abound, and the love of many doth wax cold. Come, let us assemble ourselves together, there am I in their midst. So they took their hymn books and journeyed to the old school house and lighted their candle and placed it under a bushel, but on a candlestick, that it might give light unto all the house. Then after Alice had arisen from her knees they did sing an hymn. And Emily arose and said "Behold, this is the house of the Lord, let us assemble often together"; so Alice lifted up her voice and said "Amen" and they departed to their own households.

And it came to pass that the noise of these things did spread abroad throughout all the region round about. And behold all the tribes of the hill country were greatly moved and they came together by scores and by hundreds. Now Haynes, one of the elders of the people arose, and behold he was like unto Saul the son of Kish, in that he was taller by head and shoulders than the rest of the people, and he cried with a loud voice "Brethren and sisters, hearken unto me". and a great silence fell upon all the multitudes and he said "behold we are all gathered together from near and from far, let us give thanks unto the Lord, sing psalms unto his name".

Now Daniel, whose surname was Dwight, broke forth into singing:

"My chains fell off: glory! I cried
Was it for sinners Jesus died etc. etc. [sic]"

And all the people said amen and amen. And Zenas, who was greatly beloved by all the people, arose and said "Blessed be the Lord God of Israel forever and ever". And behold he did free his mind of a great burden which lay heavily upon it in that he did tell to the brethren and sisters that "he dreamed a dream; and it amounted even unto a vision". And all the people gave ear unto him, and after he had sat down behold Alice broke forth into singing:

"Oh that my load of sin were gone".

And scarcely had the voice of singing died away, when Sarah the Prophetess, the daughter of Hanshaw arose, and as she spoke a great silence fell on all the multitude for she spake of one Joel who had been suddenly taken to his death.

Now all the brethren and sisters knew and loved Joel, and they did mourn sincerely for him. And when these words sounded in their ears, their hearts were filled with sorrow; and they expressed themselves in singing mournfully. And it came to pass that Rebecca arose. Now Rebecca was a woman greatly beloved, and all the people gave ear to her as she said "It rejoiceth my heart greatly to meet with the brethren and sisters, who have come from near and from far". And when she had sat down all the people said amen.

Presently Peter arose, and his head was white and glistening, and a halo glowed around it, and his face did shine even as the light; and he blessed God with all his heart and soul; and behold, all his kinsfolk and neighbors became as lambs for quietness. But Per was greatly beloved, and when he had made an end of his sayings, he sang with a loud voice:

"On Jordan’s stormy banks I stand
And cast a wishful eye
To Canaan’s fair and happy land
Where my possessions lie".

And after this Samuel whose surname was Brown, arose and opened his mouth and said unto them "Men and brethren, it is with me as with Naaman the Syrian, when Elisha bade him go wash in Jordan; yea, more, it was as if the Jordan had been frozen over, and he had been bidden to go wash 7 times in the river. But he essayed the task, and said "Behold I have been ashamed of my brethren in the days that are past, but now do I greatly rejoice to see them zealous of good works". And Nathan, the son of Burns arose, and all the people knew that he had somewhat to say.

And Nathan said "He felt somewhat cold and lukewarm" and sat down, and all the people broke frorh into singing:

"Come Holy spirit heavenly dove
With all thy quickening powers
Kindle a flame of sacred love
In these cold hearts of ours"

And now it came to pass that Daniel the prophet arose. Now behold he was a prophet born (not made) and when the spirit seizeth him, the voice of Daniel was like the balm of Gilead, even like precious ointment upon their heads, that ran down upon the beard; even Aaron’s beard that went down to the skirts of his garments.

Now after this it came to pass that the hour was late and Myres the elder arose, and behold he was halt, and like Samson of old his locks were long and flowing. And he said "My brethren and sisters, if any man does ought to his neighbor, he must go to him and make restitution, or he can never enter into the pearly gates of the New Jerusalem". and all the people said amen and amen.

Now what shall I say more, for the time would fail me, to speak of Sister Farley and others who through faith wrought righteousness and obtained the promise. So after they had sung an hymn, they all departed and slept. And as for the rest of the doings of the tribes, are they not all written in the chronicles of our memory?

Subjects: Accident Victims, Accidents, Amusements, Animals / Reptiles, Ashfield (MA), Barber / Hair, Beverages, Birds, Births, Boston (MA), Business Enterprises, Cemeteries, Children, Coleraine [now Colrain] (MA), Connecticut, Cosmetics, Dance, Diseases, Dreams / Sleep, Education, Emigration and Immigration, Eye, Family, Farmers & Farming / Flowers, Fires

Posted by stew - Sun, Jan 18, 2009

Gazette & Courier - Monday, August 30, 1875
News of the week

Tom Thumb has a rival in Admiral Tom Trump, a Dutchman of 26, who is 6 inches shorter than the American dwarf and weighs but 26 pounds. He is very intelligent, and speaks 5 languages fluently, English, French, Dutch, German and Italian.

[See more in the Aug. 23, 1875 article entitled "A rival of Tom Thumb" in the New York Times Online Archives].

Subjects: Circus, Curiosities and Wonders, English (and England), French, Germans, Italians, Literature / Web Pages, Show Business

Posted by stew - Mon, Jan 12, 2009

Gazette & Courier - Monday, August 23, 1875
Statue of Prince Arminius

The ceremony unveiling the statue of Herrmann, Prince Arminius, took place at Detmoldt, Germany on Mon. The Journal about a week since gave a brief history of this personage, who was the chief deliverer of Germany from the Roman power over 1800 years ago. The festival commenced on Sun. by the reception of Emperor William and his Princes and other leading men of the nation. There was a fine military display and long processions from all over the country. At least 50,000 people were without beds on Sun. night. The monument and statue were commenced 37 years ago. The great deeds of the chieftain were achieved when the Savior of all men was in his 9th year.


Subjects: Children, Furniture, Germans, Heritage Activities, History, Hotels, Italians, Religion, Royalty, Statues, War / Weaponry

Posted by stew - Sat, Jan 3, 2009

Gazette & Courier - Monday, August 16, 1875
A voice from Sweden

American Chemists and their production appreciated by the professors at the celebrated universities in Sweden. Mr. Sachs, Sir - At your request, I have tested Hall's Vegetable Sicilian Hair Renewer, in my practice at the "Serafimer Hotel", and can say, it will restore gray hair to its original color. It is entirely harmless, and is a valuable remedy to use in such cases. P.H. Malmsten, professor of chemistry and medicine, Stockholm. [Ad says Hotel, but it is really a Hospital].

Subjects: Advertising, Barber / Hair, Cosmetics, Education, Food, Hotels, Italians, Literature / Web Pages, Medical Personnel, Medicine / Hospitals, Quacks and Quackery, Science, Europe

Posted by stew - Fri, Dec 12, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, July 19, 1875
Two Italian tramps

Two Italian tramps knocked down and killed an unknown man in the road near Hackensack N.Y. Tues.

Subjects: Crime, Criminals, Italians, Murder, Roads, Tramps

Posted by stew - Thu, Dec 4, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, July 5, 1875

The ancient city of Caetebriga, in Portugal, submerged by the sea with all its inhabitants in the 5th century of our era, is to be disentombed. The sea has within some years receded, and left the buildings covered with sand, but free from its irruptions. The city was first Phoenician, then Carthaginian, then Roman, and excavation is expected to reveal remains contemporary with Dido. [Tried to trace this one, without success].

Subjects: Archaeology, Italians, Rivers / Lakes / Oceans, Europe

Posted by stew - Thu, Dec 4, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, July 5, 1875
Modes of dying

Augustus Caesar chose to die in a standing position, and was careful in arranging his person and dress for the occasion. Julius Caesar, when slain by the conspirators in the Capitol, concealed his face beneath the folds of his toga, so that his enemies might not see the death pang upon his countenance...

Short article with more examples.

Subjects: Government, History, Italians, Obituaries, Royalty

Posted by stew - Mon, Dec 1, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, April 5, 1875
News about home: Greenfield items

Everybody, accompanied by his wife and children, attended the reception of Mother Goose and her friends at Washington Hall last Tues. eve. It was the first public masquerade party ever given in Greenfield, and a triumphant success in every particular. At an early hour the stage, the gallery and seats on the sides of the hall were packed by the spectators.

/ Soon after 8 the doors were thrown open and in marched Mother Goose with a long column of the most ridiculous looking creatures it is possible to imagine. In they poured and so numerous that the floor of the hall was completely taken up by the grotesque masquerade. A greater variety of costumes it would be difficult to collect together, or a more complete mingling of the grave and the gay, the sublime and the ridiculous.

/ Over 200 characters were represented, so we can not attempt to review them all in detail. A dark-robed courtier mounted the stage and introduced Mother Goose and her associates as they passed before him. Among them was the man who went to London to buy him a wife and who was returning with his precious load in a wheelbarrow. Jack and Mrs. Sprat put in an appearance. Robinson Crusoe, with his coat from the old nanny goat, accompanied by his man Friday; Beauty and the Beast, King Cole and the Three Fiddlers, the Babes in the Woods who were, by the way, as fine specimens of 'diminutive' babyhood as one would care to see. Then "Rub a dub dub / Three men in a tub" came the Butcher, the Baker, the Candlestick Maker, with the implements of their calling, and the Four and Twenty Tailors that went to kill a snail / When the best man among them durst not touch his tail",

/ The Old Woman who lived in a Shoe was wheeled along in the procession, while her many children poked their heads out of the shoe at every available crack and crevice. Old Mother Hubbard with her dog, the Four Kings and their Queens, with the Knave of Hearts were there, and Cross Patch, Little Boy Blue, Peter, Peter, Pumpkin Eater, Jack Horner, Tommy Tucker, Bo-Peep, Wee Willie Winkle, Red Riding Hood and Grandmother, the Three Black Crows, and a host of other characters from the famous nursery rhymes, while a Flower Girl, Sinbad the Sailor, St. Nicholas, Rip Van Winkle, Modock Jack, Maud Muller , the Heathen Chinee, an Italian Organ Grinder and Tambourine Girl, a Phantom Band, Monks and Nuns, Lords and Ladies of low and high degree were scattered among the motley throng, and an orang-outang in native garb roamed at will through the crowd.

/ Noticeable among the costumes was that of a Chinese lady of rank, not a cheaply improvised affair, but one direct from the Celestial country, now in the possession of a lady of this town. Another dress that attracted especial attention was made of copies of the Springfield Republican, a real natty dress affair, with elaborate trimmings and furbelows. The Pet of the Grangers, whose presence was anticipated as one of the sensations of the evening, was unavoidably absent, but King Kalakua came back to the United States that he might grace the occasion by his royal presence.

/ A few figures were danced by the masqueraders and the floor was then open to all. When masks were removed, there was a season of mutual recognition. Some of the disguises were complete, many not being able to make out their best friends. The music was furnished by Osbon's Orchestra. Cream and cake were served by the ladies, and the evening was made as pleasant as possible. As a financial success the party is almost without precedent. Between 800 and 900 admission tickets were sold and the net receipts $275.

Subjects: Amusements, Animals / Reptiles, Birds, Caricatures and Cartoons, Children, Chinese, Dance, Economics, English (and England), Family, Fashion, Food, Furniture, Greenfield (MA), Italians, Literature / Web Pages, Marriage and Elopement, Music, Names, Native Americans, Old Age, Parties, Poetry, Religion, Royalty

Posted by stew - Mon, Dec 1, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, March 22, 1875

By way of reaction from the prolonged strain of the most severe winter many of us have ever known, our whole neighborhood has lately taken itself to masquerading or costuming in every possible form, until this dreaded month of March fairly ’blossoms like the rose’ with innocent merry making. One of the most successful and brilliant of these various festivities was a masquerade party at the Grange Hall, Deerfield, on Wed. eve. last., under the auspices of the "Ladies’ Social Circle" of the Unitarian Society; the object being to raise money in behalf of certain needs of the society.

About 60 people assembled in costume, closely masked during the first part of the evening; the disguises, in most instances, being quite impenetrable, even to familiar friends of the wearers...Several of the most charming costumes were worn by little children. The hall was uncomfortably crowded with delighted spectators, who vainly tried to solve the puzzling mysteries of mask and dress while watching the cotillions and contra dances of the masqueraders. Here was to be seen a Towering Turk arm in arm with a Highland Lassie, while opposite to them, the "Woman in White" bobbed frantically about before the "King of Trumps". A coquettish "Fille de Regiment" with jaunty steps and canteen slung over her shoulder, went down the middle with a gigantic and warlike "Indian Chief".

"America" had for partner a festive young "Darkey" [or Darky], emblematic of the recent passage of the Civil Rights bill, while the grotesque figure of "The Old Woman with Rings on her Fingers and Bells on her toes" promenaded on the arm of a bold "Sailor Boy". A saucy "Negro Bootblack" with apparatus complete, offered to shine the shoes of a "Water Nymph" bedecked with shells and seaweed. A stately "Spanish Donna" [i.e. Do~na] in lace mantilla, devoted herself for the space of one cotillion to the "Master of Mirth", who needed no disguise.

Young gentlemen in the ruffles and knee buckles of the last century amused themselves with the prettiest impersonations of the "Four Seasons" or "Peasant Girls" or "Fairies" as the case might be. A gay "Roman Peasant Girl" in national costume, chatted with stalwart "Highlanders" or glittering "Night", while "Morning" with her starry raiment made friends with all nationalities alike. Throughout the evening, at one end of the hall, the twin "Aunt Betseys" held their admiring court behind a table covered with dainties dear to the heart and palate of childhood.

The star performance of the evening was that of the "Hand Organ Woman" who created much amusement with her comic songs, and who fairly earned the heavy hat full of pennies which she received from the appreciative crowd of listeners. A bountiful supper was served in the cosey [i.e. cozy] refreshment room adjoining the hall; the dancers having previously unmasked, in the midst of much laughter and astonishment on behalf of the bystanders, whose shrewdest guesses were often proved to have been wide of the mark. Dancing was kept up until 12 o’clock, all entering into the spirit of the occasion with evident enthusiasm...And considering only 5 days’ notice was given of the party, the masqueraders themselves deserve many compliments for the beauty and picturesqueness of their costumes; showing both fertile brains and skilful fingers, while even in those most grotesque and fanciful, there was nothing to offend good taste.

We all know that "A little nonsense now and then / Is relished by the best of men". And this "Masquerade Party" clearly proved the benefit of hearty laughter to human nature in general, and to Deerfield human nature in particular.

Subjects: African-Americans / Blacks, Amusements, Astronomy, Children, Clubs, Contests, Dance, Deerfield (MA), Economics, Family, Fashion, Food, French, Furniture, Italians, Jokes, Latin America, Law and Lawyers, Literature / Web Pages, Music, Native Americans, Old Age, Parties, Poetry, Poor

Posted by stew - Mon, Dec 1, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, March 22, 1875
Bees in the mail bag

To show how the law allowing seeds and other goods to be carried in the mail bags is prostituted to baser uses, some of the papers have stated a case in which an Italian queen bee was enclosed in a little cage which was properly wrapped and directed, and then entrusted to the tender mercies of the mail bags. Sad to state, some inquisitive or thievish postmaster or clerk got badly stung. It would be a good idea for our customers to get good vigorous bees and inclose [sic] with their remittances. It might result in checking their fearful amount of stealing by those connected with the mails, or at least show that sin sometimes secures its own punishment.

Subjects: Accidents, Crime, Criminals, Economics, Farmers & Farming / Flowers, Insects, Italians, Law and Lawyers, Literature / Web Pages, Mail, Prostitution, Robbers and Outlaws, Royalty

Posted by stew - Mon, Dec 1, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, March 8, 1875
News about home

(Greenfield) The Greenfield friends of Mr. and Mrs. George S. Cheney will be grieved to learn of the bereavement in the sudden death of Mrs. Cheney's brother, Jule E. Perkins the American basso, in London. Mr. Perkins was a young man nearly 29 years of age. He was the youngest of a remarkably musical family of six, 4 of the sons making music a profession, Mrs. Cheney being the only daughter. The parents, who are still living, are quite musical. The old gentleman, who is now 73 years of age, taught singing school in Vermont for 45 consecutive years. His wife was a pre-eminent soloist in her younger days. Jule, though so young, had achieved brilliant success as an opera singer. After studying with his eldest brother, W.O. Perkins of Boston, till the age of 21, he then went to Italy and placed himself under the best masters...[unclear]. At the time of his death he was in the second year of a six year contract...He leaves a young wife to whom he was married less than a year ago, a French lady well known as a [?].

Subjects: Boston (MA), Education, English (and England), Family, French, Greenfield (MA), Hampshire / Hampden Counties, Italians, Marriage and Elopement, Music, Obituaries, Old Age, Vermont, Widows and Widowers, Women, Work

Posted by stew - Tue, Oct 3, 2006

Gazette & Courier - Monday, February 22, 1875

Oranges - http://amistad.mysti...8/86.quentin.aa.html Sweet Havana and http://digital.lib.m...usekeeping/good.html Messina Oranges just received. J.J. Richardson.

Subjects: Advertising, Food, Italians, Latin America

Posted by stew - Sun, Aug 27, 2006

Gazette & Courier - Monday, February 22, 1875
(Greenfield) The concert of the Greenfield Musical Association, so long anticipated, came off Fri. We congratulate Mr. Cheney, the conductor, who has worked so long and faithfully, upon the success o

(Greenfield) The concert of the Greenfield Musical Association, so long anticipated, came off Fri. We congratulate Mr. Cheney, the conductor, who has worked so long and faithfully, upon the success of the choruses. Mr. Cheney had perfect control of the chorus; we noticed this particularly in the http://www.georgetow.../AMSCC/1998Fall.html Phantom Chorus . We were pleased with Bishop's Chorus, "Now Tramp", Mrs. Cheney singing the solo very prettily. The piano duet, by Mr. Harrington and Mrs. Field, was nicely executed. The "Miserere" from Il Trovatore, was one of the gems of the program, Miss Billings and Mrs. Cheney taking the solo of "Leonora" and Mr. Cheney the tenor solo. The popular Scotch duet "When ya gane'awa Jaimie" was given charmingly. The chorus "Crowned with the Tempest" was good. The solo by Mr. Snow was sung with a great deal of vim. We noticed some of the soloists, while their voices were as good as we could desire, lacked spirit. We have saved the best last. Mr. W.L. Cheney's performance with the harmonica. That instrument which musicians have not deigned to notice, came out victorious under Mr. Cheney's skill. "No. 7" was beautiful and wonderful. The manner in which the "Wedding March" was given was splendid. We should judge from the eagerness with which the audience listened, Mr. W.L. Cheney's two solos might be considered the best of the evening's entertainment. Long may he live and come again to Greenfield. There was a good audience.

Subjects: Clubs, Greenfield (MA), Italians, Marriage and Elopement, Music, Show Business, Spiritualism, Women, Work, Scots and Scotland

Posted by stew - Sun, Jul 30, 2006

Gazette & Courier - Monday, February 15, 1875
All persons who aspire to beauty of personal appearance should not neglect that natural accessory, the hair. By many it has been neglected until the hair has become thin, grey, or entirely fallen off

All persons who aspire to beauty of personal appearance should not neglect that natural accessory, the hair. By many it has been neglected until the hair has become thin, grey, or entirely fallen off. Messrs. Hall & Co., Nashua, N.H. have produced an effectual remedy called Sicilian Hair Renewer, which cures all diseases of the scalp. This wonderful preparation acts upon the glands, which support and nourish the hair, restores grey hair to its original color, makes the scalp white and clean, and prevents the formation of dandruff and all cutaneous eruptions, and by its tonic and nutritive properties, restores the scalp to a healthy state and creates a new growth. As a dressing it is unsurpassed, giving the hair that brilliancy so much admired by all (Boston Commercial).

Subjects: Advertising, Barber / Hair, Boston (MA), Business Enterprises, Diseases, Italians, Literature / Web Pages, New Hampshire, Quacks and Quackery

Posted by stew - Tue, Jul 11, 2006

Gazette & Courier - Monday, February 15, 1875
(Monroe) C. Shippee of South Readsboro, Vt. has returned from Rome, N.Y., where he has had two cancers safely removed.

(Monroe) C. Shippee of South Readsboro, Vt. has returned from Rome, N.Y., where he has had two cancers safely removed.

Subjects: Diseases, Italians, Medicine / Hospitals, Vermont, Monroe (MA)

Posted by stew - Sun, Jul 2, 2006

Gazette & Courier - Monday, February 15, 1875
There are upon the continent of Europe fully 6 millions of soldiers. Germany wields 1,684,000, the Russians 1,376,000, the Austrians 865,000, the Italians 741,000, the French 1,000,000; besides some

There are upon the continent of Europe fully 6 millions of soldiers. Germany wields 1,684,000, the Russians 1,376,000, the Austrians 865,000, the Italians 741,000, the French 1,000,000; besides some 280,000 Englishmen. About 3 millions of these troops are all the time under arms, being permanently subtracted from the industrial resources of the nations; the rest as members of reserved corps are only wholly withdrawn from industrial pursuits in times of war. And all this costly preparation is, be it remembered, only preliminary to a far more costly consummation as soon as the http://community-2.w...50thAP-K9/K9History/ dogs of war are let loose.

Subjects: Animals / Reptiles, Economics, English (and England), French, Germans, Italians, Vital Statistics, War / Weaponry, Europe, Russia

Posted by stew - Fri, Jun 23, 2006

Gazette & Courier - Monday, February 8, 1875
(Greenfield) The Greenfield Musical Association, under the direction of Mr. George S. Cheney, will give a concert at Washington Hall Friday eve. Feb. 19. The association will be assisted by the follo

(Greenfield) The Greenfield Musical Association, under the direction of Mr. George S. Cheney, will give a concert at Washington Hall Friday eve. Feb. 19. The association will be assisted by the following talent: Mr. C.L. Harrington of Winchester, Mass., pianist; Mr. George S. Cheney, vocalist; Mr. W.F. Cheney of Hartford, a soloist. The programme will consist of opera choruses, songs, part songs, etc., including the sextet from ’Lucia’, and closing with the famous ’Anvil Chorus’ from ’Il Trovatore...

Subjects: Advertising, Clubs, Connecticut, Greenfield (MA), Italians, Music, Show Business

Posted by stew - Sat, Jun 3, 2006

Gazette & Courier - Monday, February 8, 1875
(Greenfield) Greenfield was honored by a visit Wed. from the Prison Committee, the party numbering 22 and composed as follows: Senator and Mrs. Edson, Senator Winslow and party, Miss Julia B. Ayers,

(Greenfield) Greenfield was honored by a visit Wed. from the Prison Committee, the party numbering 22 and composed as follows: Senator and Mrs. Edson, Senator Winslow and party, Miss Julia B. Ayers, Mr. and Mrs. H.J. Adams, Mr. and Mrs. Hill and daughter, Mr. and Mrs. Day, Mr. and Mrs. Litchfield, Miss Litchfield, Miss Davis, Mr. and Mrs. Towne, Mr. and Mrs. Locke, Mr. Bosworth and Mr. Bradley. They arrived from Springfield on the 4 o’clock train, quartered themselves at the Mansion House, and paid a hasty visit to the jail, where Sheriff Wells as usual was prepared for inspection. This official duty disposed of, the party devoted themselves to the more agreeable pleasures of their trip. A band of strolling Italian musicians was employed in the evening, and the grave Legislators and their ladies "tripped the light fantastic" in the parlors and corridors of the Mansion House, and had a gay and festive time of it. They took their departure for Fitchburg Thurs. morning, expressing the highest satisfaction with Landlord Doolittle’s entertainment, and left their bills to be settled by the Commonwealth. Now when so much is said about public [?] and reform, wouldn’t it be well to correct this extravagant practice, sending out Legislative committees that are made to include not only the members, but all of their wives’ relations. We don’t believe our prisons or our public institutions are benefited in any form...(too blurry).

Subjects: Amusements, Dance, Economics, Family, Government, Greenfield (MA), Hampshire / Hampden Counties, Hotels, Italians, Law and Lawyers, Light, Massachusetts, Music, Police, Prisons, Trains, Women, Work

Posted by stew - Fri, May 5, 2006

Gazette & Courier - Monday, February 8, 1875
The right kind of a boy

The right kind of a boy - About 50 years ago a youth working on a farm, asked his father to give him money enough to buy a gun . The old man could not spare it. But the boy, nothing daunted, found an old piece of iron about the place, and in the course of time contrived to make a gun barrel out of it, with the very meager facilities afforded by a country blacksmith shop. He had not the materials to make a lock and stock, so he walked to the nearest town and traded for the necessary attachments; and was encouraged by the smith for having so good a http://www.remington...ery/album02/Cowboy01 shooter : this gave him the ambition to make another. So he went to cutting out grindstones from the native rock to raise the money for gun materials, and in a short time there was a considerable demand for guns of his make. During the French war with Prussia, he was called upon to furnish guns for the army, and in less than 8 months he made and delivered to the government of France http://www.remington...ery/album02/ERemAd01 rifles of a particular pattern costing $5,000,000, which amount was duly paid. The same man now furnishes rifles for the United States, South America, Rome, Spain, Egypt and Japan. The farmer’s boy who wanted a gun is Eliphalet Remington of Illion, N.Y. [i.e. http://www.remington...nformation/ilion.asp Ilion, N.Y. ] His http://www.remington...ry/album02/Factory01 manufactory covers 4 acres of ground, and he http://www.remington...um02/ERemFactory1854 employs 1200 men. Not satisfied with this achievement, he has recently completed a http://www.remington...ery/album02/ERemAd02 sewing machine which is reported to be quite a success. This is the type of a boy who, when there is not a way, makes one for himself.

Subjects: Business Enterprises, Businesspeople, Economics, Farmers & Farming / Flowers, French, Germans, Government, Households, Inventions, Italians, Japanese, Latin America, Lost and Found, Rich People, Vendors and Purchasers, War / Weaponry, Work, Arabs, Europe

Posted by stew - Tue, May 2, 2006

Gazette & Courier - Monday, February 1, 1875
Measurement of ancient cities

Measurement of ancient cities - Ninevah was 14 miles long, 8 miles wide and 46 miles around, with a wall 100 ft. high, and thick enough for 3 http://www.mcdonald....c/issue1/nineveh.htm chariots abreast. Babylon was 50 miles within the walls, which were 75 feet thick and 100 ft. high, with 100 brazen http://www.cs.cornel...n/pages/page_23.html gates . The Temple Diana at Ephesus was 420 ft. to the support of the roof; it was 100 years in building. The largest of the pyramids was 481 ft. in height, and 853 ft. on the sides. The base covered 11 acres. the stones are about 60 ft. in length, and the layers are 208. It employed 350,000 men in building. The labyrinth of Egypt contains 300 chambers and 12 halls. Thebes , in Egypt, presents ruins 27 miles around, and contained 250,000 citizens and 100,000 slaves. The Temple of Delphos [also seen as the http://history.boise...civ/persian/13.shtml Temple of Delphi ] was so rich in donations that it was plundered of $50,000,000 and the Emperor Nero carried away from it 200 statues. The walls of Rome were 13 miles around.

Subjects: Archaeology, Crime, Criminals, Curiosities and Wonders, History, Italians, Rich People, Robbers and Outlaws, Royalty, Statues, Transportation, Urbanization / Cities, Work, Arabs, Europe, Architecture / Construction

Posted by stew - Tue, May 2, 2006

Gazette & Courier - Monday, February 1, 1875
A Sicilian girl’s revenge

A Sicilian girl’s revenge - A singular story of jealousy and revenge comes from Sicily. A beautiful young girl named Florina [also seen as Florina Queen of the Lions ], who was the belle of a traveling circus, in which she figured as the lion tamer, had been for some time receiving the attention of an athlete belonging to the same troupe. By some means she ascertained that he was not faithful to her, but had another lady love. No signs, however, of her painful discovery were allowed to escape. She still smiled sweetly upon him. In her own bosom she planned the terrible revenge.

One eve. when the performance had been unusually brilliant - after Florina had whipped the lions and forced them to lie at her feet, she called her recreant lover aside and said to him, "Do you still love me?" "Always" he answered. "Do you know that I should die if you should devote yourself to another woman?" "What an idea" responded the young man. "But I should first kill you" said Florina. "And how would you do that?"

"Thus" cried the girl, at the same instant pushing him violently into the cage of the lions. They attacked the unfortunate young man at once and tore him to pieces, while Florina urged them on with blows of her whip.

Subjects: Animals / Reptiles, Circus, Courtship, Crime, Criminals, Curiosities and Wonders, Italians, Royalty, Show Business, Women, Work, Stunt performers

Posted by stew - Mon, Mar 6, 2006

Gazette & Courier - Monday, February 1, 1875
The Italian Parliament reassembled Monday. General Garibaldi, who is a member of the Chamber of Deputies, landed at Civita Vecchia Sun. eve. and was received with enthusiastic demonstrations by the p

The Italian Parliament reassembled Monday. General Garibaldi, who is a member of the Chamber of Deputies, landed at Civita Vecchia Sun. eve. and was received with enthusiastic demonstrations by the people, and conducted through the town by torchlight procession. At Rome, he was met at the railway station by the Mayor and members of the municipality, and cordially welcomed to the city. Several workmen’s societies formed a procession with bands and escorted the old hero to the hotel. Immense crowds lined the streets and cheered with the wildest enthusiasm as the General passed. No disorder of any kind marred the demonstration.

Subjects: Clubs, Fires, Government, Hotels, Italians, Light, Music, Roads, Trains, Urbanization / Cities, War / Weaponry, Work

Posted by stew - Sun, Mar 5, 2006

Gazette & Courier - Monday, February 1, 1875
Cannibalism at sea

Cannibalism at sea - The http://research.yale...iewdetail.jsp?id=768 Friend of India has received intelligence from Batavia [now Jakarta] regarding the sufferings of some of the survivors from the British ship http://www.clydesite...iewship.asp?id=15137 Euxine [which is the Greek name for the Black Sea], bound from http://portal.pohub....cument.pdf?p_id=1201 Shields to Aden , which caught fire and was abandoned in the South Atlantic. Two boats, containing the captain [ T. Cockburn ] and a member of the crew, reached St. Helena, but a third boat, containing the second mate and several men, remained for 3 weeks in the open sea, being ultimately sighted by a Dutch ship, but not before one of the sailors had been sacrificed to provide his suffering companions with food. "On the 12th of June last, the iron ship Euxine sailed from Shields with a cargo of coal and a crew of 32 men and excellent provisions. Everything went well till the 3rd of August, on which date a storm tossed the vessel about so violently that her cargo was shifted to the starboard side; one man was washed overboard, and considerable damage done to the sails and rigging. All endeavors to right her were fruitless, and after large quantities of the coal had been thrown overboard traces of fire were discovered. Although every hatch and opening was closed as tightly as possible, the flames made such headway that on the 8th the same month the Captain decided on abandoning his ship, whose living freight left in 3 boats; the Captain and 13 men in the long boat, the first mate and 8 others in the second, and the second mate and 7 seamen in the third. It was known that St. Helena was 850 miles distant, and it was determined to make for the island. During the first night the boat commanded by the Second Mate lost sight of the others, and at dawn was alone upon the wide ocean. The little vessel was upon the life boat principle, about 30 ft. long, her sides being protected with a bulwark of sailcloth. She had 10 airtight cases, two masts, besides a foreboom, and carried a set of sails and necesary cordage. The provisions comprised 2 cases of biscuits, a ham, a cheese, 12 tins of meat and two small casks of drinking water. By the 9th day the Mate came to the conclusion that he had beens steering too far to the westward, but as the wind and sea did not admit of any change being made, it was decided to go on as heretofore, in the hope of meeting with a vessel, or reaching the coast of South America. The rations were diminished to half a biscuit and a glass of water once a day, and thus the 24th of August approached with no sign of rescue or land. On this date a stiff breeze sprang up as darkness drew on, and at midnight, while a man named De Jager was at the helm and the rest were asleep, the boat capsized, and its occupants suddenly found themselves struggling for their lives. How the accident occurred is not known, but it is surmised that De Jager placed his charge against the wind, as it is certain that he already threatened to "knock a hole in the raft to put an end to the misery of all". Anyway, he "put an end" to himself and another named Reynolds, both sinking, notwithstanding help rendered them by their more fortunate comrades, who had found safety on the upturned keel. In the morning the boat was righted, but all the food was gone. In order to prevent capsizing in future the masts were cut down and only a small sail set, so that the boat might be steered right before the wind. Hunger and thirst characterized the day - a Sunday - and 24 hours later it was agreed that lots should be cast to see which of the number should be sacrificed for the benefit of the remainder. Early on the same day one Muller, after drinking large quantities of salt water, declared that he offered his body as food for the others, and entreated them to kill him. After a time - we quote from the affidavit of James Archer, Second Mate - Manus Schutt proposed that they should cast lots who should fall as a sacrifice for keeping the others alive. To this all consented. Having no other means to make a lottery we hit upon using small sticks of different sizes, deciding that the one who drew the smallest should be the victim. After having made the sticks ready, I held them in my hand while the others drew. On comparing them together, I found that the Italian, Francis Shufus, held the smallest stick. Having also agreed that the lottery should be thrice repeated and that when it should prove that either two or three of us had drawn the shortest stick, these should cast lots among themselves so that the victim should be singled out, we found that the same man had for a second time picked out the same object. Francis Shufus, when his turn came for the third drawing, hesitated to join, and would not draw, upon which the man Sandstrom proposed he would do it for him. This he did, and the shortest stick was found in Sandstrom's hand. Shufus bore it with great calmness, and showed the utmost resignation. He was left alone for some two hours, while we now and then eagerly looked round the horizon to see whether a sail could be perceived, or any help would come; we stood upon the thwarts. Shufus prepared himself to meet his fate by praying and speaking in Italian. He gave us no parting message to be sent to his friends, most probably as he hardly knew English than to say yes or no. His bearing was that of a man whose mind was made up. Since we were past help and feeling that our hunger and thirst had grown beyond further endurance, we saw ourselves driven to sacrifice Shufus. He laid himself down, but before that August Muller had told him that he would take his place and die for him. This Shufus refused, and laying himself down in the bottom of the boat gave hinself up to be tied; then one man held an empty tin, so as to catch in it the blood. Muller on saying that now someone must die for the others, passed the knife round the man's throat. He did not struggle or scream. The blood was drunk by us all. Muller then cut out his liver and heart. These were cut into small pieces, and we ate them mixed with the blood and salt water. At the last moments of Shufus I was at the helm. The head and feet were thrown away; the trunk and limbs were put into one of the airtight tins of our boat which we had opened. We continued on our way. It might have been 2 o'clock in the afternoon when the man Shufus died. Some 3 hours after a ship was seen which, perceiving the boat, made for us. This vessel turned out to be the Java Packet, bound for Amsterdam, and her commander, Captain Trappen, did all in his power to relieve the misery of the 5 unfortunate waifs - James Archer, August Muller, Victor Sandstrom, Manus Schutt, and Alexander Vermenden, who had been 23 days at sea in an open boat and sailed fully 2000 miles.

Subjects: Accident Victims, Accidents, Beverages, Charlemont (MA), Coal, Disasters, English (and England), Executions and Executioners, Fires, Food, Gambling, Italians, Latin America, Luck, Meat, Murder, Names, Obituaries, Religion, Suicide, Transportation, Trees, Weather, Work, Europe

Posted by stew - Wed, Jan 18, 2006

Gazette & Courier - Monday, January 11, 1875
(Greenfield) There was still an increased attendance at the meeting of the Greenfield Lyceum Fri. eve., which was held in the fine little hall fitted up by the Grand Army Post in Hollister's Block.

(Greenfield) There was still an increased attendance at the meeting of the Greenfield Lyceum Fri. eve., which was held in the fine little hall fitted up by the Grand Army Post in Hollister’s Block. Discussion of the eve. "Resolved, that Roman Catholicism threatens danger to the free institutions of the country", was taken up by J.D. Bouker, Mrs. W.S. Severance, and Miss M.L. Pierce, who were awarded a Board of Decision on the merits of argument, and E.A. Hall critic of the evening. The discussion was opened by B.S. Parker in the affirmative and C.H. McClellan in the negative...[sorry, unreadable].

Subjects: Amusements, Clubs, Greenfield (MA), Italians, Religion, War / Weaponry, Women

Powered by