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Mrs. Betsy Straw of Warner, N.H., a relative of ex Gov. Straw, who lacks only 2 months of being 101 years old, is knitting a pair of white worsted stockings for A.T. Stewart of New York, and another pair for Dr. Lambert of the same city.
A.T. Stewart once paid $40,000 for a painting 40 feet long, and ever since then he makes it a practice every night and morning of saying to himself: "Stewart, you are the biggest jackass in America". ;-) . [See Alexander Turney Stewart in Wikipedia].
Gazette & Courier - Monday, June 7, 1875
A colonel whipped by a handsome young widow
A case of some novelty was tried at New Vineyard, Me. last week, on complaint of Col. Columbus Harvey vs. Widow Miriam S. Stewart. It appears for some years that there has been a feud between the Colonel and the respondent, who owned and occupied adjoining lots in New Vineyard village, and on the 3rd, the pent up and simmering fires of hatred burst forth. The Colonel put some poisoned dough where the widow's trespassing hens would find it, but the widow found it first and threw the pan with its contents into the mill pond. The colonel soon after missed it, and went to the house of the respondent, who was at work in her wood shed, and demanded to know the whereabouts of said pan.
/ A few words followed, not of the most pleasing character, when the widow brought to her aid a pole of some 12 feet long, with which she had been brushing down cobwebs in her woodshed, and which then contained a large swab of cobwebs on one end, which she said she used in brushing the Colonel's face fore and aft. But he testified that she belabored him over the head with it until he got hold of that end, and "then commenced the tug of war". Each strove for the possession of the pole, but the colonel said that she pulled him uphill in the dooryard in spite of his exertions, and when she had drawn him up within reaching distance she dropped the pole and sailed into the gallant Colonel for a bear hug. It did not appear which got the "under hold", but the Colonel in an instant found himself the victim of a greatly superior strength, and all his former military glory eclipsed by lying flat on his back on a woodpile with a handsome, young and determined woman bending over him with knees upon his abdomen, hands clenched in the hair on each side of his head, and his head bearing the same relation to the wood pile that an old fashioned churn dasher does to the churn when in use.
/ Notwithstanding the good looks and frank demeanor of the respondent, the trial justice came to the conclusion that though "naughty" words were spoken, that was not a justification for using the pole, and therefore decided that she pay a fine of $5 and costs of prosecution, which sum was readily paid. And now the Colonel offers to bet $100 that his antagonist can place either of the counsel engaged in the case upon the woodpile in the same manner he was placed.
Gazette & Courier - Monday, January 18, 1875
Dog damages - The following accounts against the county for damages by dogs, and travel and expense of killing them, has been allowed by the County Commissioners: Francis Boyden and Israel Boyden of Conway, $27; Edwin Cooley, $28; John L. Bradford, $14; Charles Parsons Jr., $10; Henry Couillard, $5; S.W. Hall of Greenfield, $11; Otis J. Davenport of Coleraine; Othniel White, $9; George W. Thompson of Heath, $2.50; John L.S. Moore of Gill, $14; William Deane, $3; Samuel P. Stratton, $3.20; William Bassett of Heath, $5; Dennis Cannedy, $10; William S. Gleason, $1.40; William H. Miner of Greenfield, $3.20; Charles Nims, $4.50; John N. Levi of Shelburne, $5; Oscar Bardwell, $6; Squire Benson of Heath, $1.15; William E. Ryther of Bernardston, $25; Henry O. Root, $3,80; Charles Pomroy of Northfield, $8; Asa Holton, $2.23; James Coy, $2; L.G. Barton of Greenfield, $8; Jonathon Sears of Ashfield, $20; C. Allen Hall, $10; Henry S. Smith, $40; F.G. Howes, $7; Franklin Pease, $4; George L. Colley of Sunderland, $10; Edmund Barry, $2.30; J.W. Robard of Amherst, $13; P.D. Hubbard of Sunderland, $15; W.L. Warner, $6; A.W. Grant of Montague, $10; Alonzo Payne, $5; Hezekiah Smith of Coleraine, $15; Charles O. Donaldson, $16; Job R. Smith, $4; Amos Stewart, $7; Erastus Green, $32; Elijah Smith of Greenfield, $16; Baxter Bardwell of Coleraine, $10; Earl Shearer, $1.20; G.D. Crittenden of Buckland, $30; Joseph B. Clarke of Coleraine, $13; Baxter A. Orcutt of Buckland, $14; E.D. Bement, $2.80; Michael Deemer of Rowe, $8; R.J. Rowe of Montague, $8; R.N. Oakman, $1.80...Charles Jones, $8; Edwin Cooley of Conway, $10; William Sheldon of Greenfield; Arthur W. Ball, $13; Julius Robbins and George W. Robbins of Deerfield, $158; I.F. Eldridge, $10...W.W. Ball of Winchester N.H., $16...William Stewart of Coleraine, $6.20.
Gazette & Courier - Monday, November 30, 1874
Pleasure under difficulties
Pleasure under difficulties - It is a mistake to suppose that all Yankeeism is fenced in by geographical boundaries. New Jersey claims to have produced a fair specimen in the person of George Letts. At the time we write George was a cabin boy, age 14, aboard his father's schooner, plying between the Jersey Shore and Gotham. Now George had imbibed a huge taste for the drama as presented on the boards of the http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/A863327 Old Bowery Theater ; a taste that his father, http://www.distantco...whitlockalfredd.html Capt. Zeke Letts did not see fit to encourage. Consequently George found it extremely difficult to realize the necessary quarter for admission. One eve. after the boat had been made fast to the dock near Washington market, George respectfully approached his illustrious progenitor and proffered his modest request for 35 cents (allowing a margin of ten cents for pea nuts) [i.e. peanuts], Capt. Zeke met this proposal with as decided a veto as Andrew Jackson or his humble imitator, Andy Johnson, ever promulgated. George was cast down but by no means discouraged, for he knew that a certain sum of money was given him every night to buy supper for the table, but he also knew that for this money he must render a strict account. As bad luck would have it there was only one article to buy this evening, and the Captain, handing George a half dollar, told him to go up to the market and invest that amount in beef steak. George walked off the boat in the brownest of studies, but suddenly a bright idea struck him. The born Yankee within asserted itself. Walking rapidly up the market he bought a bloody sheep's head for 3 cents, partly enveloped it in wrapping paper, and returned to the boat. Watching his chance, when the Captain was looking towards him, George made a jump for the deck, and immediately sunk...[blurred words follow]...George had been helped aboard...in answer to the anxious inquiry of his father, replied that he wasn't hurt but that he had lost the steak. "Never mind, George" said Capt. Zeke; here is another half dollar; go and buy some meat". Of course in due time the steak came aboard, and George lost no time, and found his way to the Old Bowery, and there with the assurance of pea nuts, the moral drama and a three cent cigar, immediately ascended to the http://christianity....eekly/blT0001700.htm third Heaven . Query: is George a Yank?
Gazette & Courier - Monday, November 16, 1874
(Greenfield) Go and see him! Dr. H. Addison Stewart [also seen as
(Greenfield) Go and see him! http://boards.ancest...icenterprisenews/140 Dr. H. Addison Stewart [also seen as http://www.geocities...s/4791/sept1880.html Dr. H.A. Stewart ], who is famous for curing throat and lung diseases, Catarrh, liver complaint, dyspepsia, palpitation of the heart, pain in the side, diseases of the kidneys, seminal weakness, sick headache, humors of the blood, rheumatism, etc, etc., is now practicing at the American House, Greenfield, Mass., where he will remain until the 21st of Nov. Dr. Stewart is a graduate of medicine with over 23 years of experience in the treatment of chronic or long-standing diseases, and possesses this rare combination of being not only a successful prescriber, but a great medical examiner, often detecting the seat of the patient's disease by a look, or touch of the pulse; without questioning them at all. His treatment is always prepared by himself, especially adapted to each case. Medicine, purely vegetables. Charges for treatment, moderate. Examinations free. Office hours: from 9 a.m. till 12, and from 1 to 8 p.m. Consultation and examination strictly private.
Gazette & Courier - Monday, September 28, 1874
Twenty fifth exhibition of the Franklin County Agricultural Society
Twenty fifth exhibition of the Franklin County Agricultural Society - Thursday’s cattle show - With the present year, the Franklin County Agricultural Society completes a quarter century of most successful existence. From a feeble existence it has grown to be one of the largest, and in many respects, the best society in the whole State...Every man, woman and child in the County seems to claim a share in this annual festival, and to have combined to make it what it should be, the great celebration of the year.
It has not been a bad season for our agricultural friends, and seldom do they find themselves in better preparation to contribute in all the departments of the Fair. Ceres with her horn of plenty has bestowed her sweetest smiles on the patrons of husbandry, so that even the tillers of the despised "weed" have cause to rejoice. Jack Frost has been unusually tardy, and the season prolonged as it seldom is in our climate, and the beautiful flowers and tender fruits were well preserved to contribute their important share in the attractions of the exhibitions. Of vital importance to the days’ success is good weather; and we are quite as apt to run upon the fatal path of the equinoctial deluge as not, with the chances a little against us.
But Thurs. morning broke clear and bright, and when the mists rolled up the mountains not a cloud obscured the sky, a glorious autumnal day - infusing life and hilarity into the saddest heart, and not far advanced was the morning before Greenfield’s streets were a scene of the liveliest commotion. In came flocking herds of steady paced cattle, their sides as sleek as thorough carding and good keeping could make them; loads of white-wooled sheep, meek and patient in their confinement, coops of turkeys, geese and hens, and all the other specimens of the animal kingdom. But what was of more interest than the rest was the influx of smiling faces. The old shire town may well be proud of the sturdy, honest yeomanry that dwells upon the fertile hills that surround our beautiful valley, for it is their thrift, industry and integrity that contributes so much to its prosperity, and its good name among the towns of the Commonwealth, and the city stranger who may visit our Annual fair, will be impressed above everything else, with the intelligence and high social standing of our farming community.
But we will follow the throng that is passing down through the gates of the Society’s grounds. Here the busiest preparations are going on for the day’s exhibitions...Perhaps the most noticeable among the herds upon the ground was that of Charles Parsons Jr. of Conway. He had 20 head of the celebrated thoroughbred short horns from his "Grass Hill" farm...B.N. Farren of Montague City, who may be classed among the gentlemen farmers, had a herd of 5 Jerseys - the two cows being purchased of F.L. Stebbins and originally came from Stoughton’s herd. One of them has made her 15 pounds of butter a week...H.C. Haskell of Deerfield is among our leading Jersey herdsmen, and entered 11 head...D. Wells and H. Wells of Shelburne entered 20 head of their high grade Durhams - 19 cows with one bull - and a fine looking string of animals they were too, giving evidence of the best of pasturage and careful rending. Their yearling bull is a promising fellow.
He is a descendant of old Northumberland, and the famous Roan Duke, and possesses all the leading traits of his ancestry and will make his mark. Zeri Smith of Deerfield too, had a herd of 20 Grade Durhams and one thoroughbred bull. His stock was all large and made a fine appearance. S.W. Hall of Greenfield is about the only man in the county who makes a specialty of Devons, and had on the ground 4 of his herd of 12. He claims that he can do better with them than anything else - good workers and milkers and can be well kept on very little feed. D.O. Fisk, who is always the most conspicuous exhibitor at our fairs, and carries off premiums in every class put down in the list, believes in a miscellaneous herd, and his stock includes everything. If a man wants a cow of any persuasion he is sure to go to Fisk’s farm and never is allowed to get away without a bargain.
One of a fine pair of steers thought to measure strength with a bull on the way to the fair, and of course came off second best, minus one horn. His herd numbered 10 head, among which were some fine Jerseys. One, "Pet", that calved in May, gives her 10 quarts a day now. He has sold her for $200. "Rose" is a graduate of the Agricultural college, and those who have heard Fisk’s loud talk against that institution, are informed that his prejudice or want of appreciation never came through that heifer. J.S. Anderson of Shelburne had this year 19 head of his splendid high grade Durham stock, that is conspicuous wherever exhibited, and they need no praise from us, for the fame of the Anderson herd is worldwide.
There were 6 cows that weighed from 1600 to 1800, a pair of 3 year old heifers, one weighing 1650 and the other 1550...G.P. Carpenter and W.W. Carpenter of Shelburne entered 27 head including 8 of thoroughbred short horns...Their "Mary Morris" took the first premium at the New England fair 4 years ago, and weighs 1800...Al Kellogg of Shelburne entered a fine herd too, and there were those who did not compete in this class, who were still possessors of notable single animals. P.P. Severance of Greenfield exhibited an excellent Jersey cow, 2 heifers and a 20 month old bull, "Rob Roy". Amos Allen of Shelburne was the owner of thoroughbred Durham, 1 year old that weighed 1156 pounds. William T. Peck of Shelburne has a likely 3 year old heifer that weighs 1420...John S. Taylor of Shelburne exhibited 2 thoroughbred short horn heifers, one weighing 1600 and the other 1380.
Oscar Bardwell of Shelburne had perhaps the most productive dairy cow upon the ground. She is 9 years old, weighs 1375 pounds, and in one week in May made 17 1/2 pounds of butter and the next 17 1/2, which shows that she would be quite a little fortune in any man’s hand. The town teams were about as important a feature of the exhibition as anything. The competitors were Bernardston with 20 yoke, Shelburne with 20, Conway, 15, and Deerfield 12. Bernardston deservedly carried off the palm. Her cattle were attached to a triumphal car, that was gotten up for the occasion at the cost of no little labor and gumption. A lumber reach had been extended about 30 ft. and upon it were arranged shocks of corn and wheat and specimens of every conceivable grain and vegetable, flowers and shrubs, and in the midst were a pen of sheep, coops of ducks, and barnyard fowls, and the whole a grand combination of agricultural products that was exceedingly appropriate, and produced a fine effect.
Among the heavy cattle in the Bernardston string were two yokes belonging to John Sanderson, who it will be remembered, raised General Grant, the largest ox ever produced in this county.[very blurry text]...Sheep, swine and poultry...The swine, too, were a very creditable exhibition. Our farmers are finding that pork can be improved as well as everything else, and notwithstanding the low price of late, it can be raised at a profit. We were particularly attracted by H.C. Haskell’s black Essex sow with her family of 9 pigs. There were several other litters of very promising young grunters, which lack of space only prevents our giving a "first class notice".
The poultry show was another good thing. Including the youth’s department, which was largely represented in this branch, there were 34 entries, a greater number of coops and a more extensive variety of fowls than were ever exhibited on our grounds before. They included the more prominent Asiatic breeds, down through the steady laying Leghorns and black Spanish, to the diminutive Game Bantams. There were several coops of ducks, but few geese and turkey. Prof. Stockbridge’s address - After dwelling as long as we are permitted with the Cattle show, we must now turn to the literary feature of the day. The grand cavalcade and procession which always figures on the printed programme came off (as usual) and the approach of the Greenfield Cornet Band to the grand stand, was the signal for the multitude to concentrate there to listen to Prof. Stockbridge’s oration.
When the assembly came to order, prayer was offered by Rev. A.C. Manson of Greenfield, and President Brown introduced the Agricultural college Professor to the audience. The subject of his address was the "Obstacles to Successful Agriculture in New England". It is undoubtedly true, he said, that different sections of the country have varying advantages for the farmer. The seat of commerce must ever be where the merchant will have easy access to the markets. Manufacturing will be pursued where cheap labor and power can be obtained, and where there is a ready market for the articles manufactured. So too, agriculture will prosper most successfully where there is a combination of favorable soil and climate, and an easy market. Paradise in the imagination of the farmer was the West. Where the location was it was hard to tell, but it was "toward the setting sun, where land was cheap and crops could be raised without toil".
It was the universal opinion that New England was not the place for successful agriculture. But one fact must be borne in mind, and that is, that it is upon the man himself that success depends...The farmer here has no right to say that his soil is sterile and old. That of old England was under cultivation 1000 years before the foot of white men touched our shores, yet it will produce more now than could be raised then. The soil of China was tilled 2000 years before the British Isles were settled, but its fertility and productiveness are far ahead of the latter country...One great evil was the owning of too much land. He believed in large farms for the larger, the greater the per cent the profit, the less implements and labor proportionately to carry it on. But a farmer should not hold an acre he cannot cultivate...The cost of supplying all the fences is an important item. If he had his way he would banish one half the fences. It costs the country annually $250,000,000 to supply and keep up the fences, or $1.25 an acre.
The rest of the farm under cultivation is taxed to keep up the other which pays no income...If a farmer gets $200 he salts it down, just as though God Almighty would not take care of it better in the soil than the officers of a bank. Improve your farms, get better stock, have confidence in your business and yourselves, just as the manufacturer does, when he adds another mill and more power as his business is prospered...The opinion prevails that everybody can carry on a farm. If a merchant fails in business, or a minister or lawyer break down, he goes onto a farm. You would not think of getting a green boy from a farm to run a spinning jinney, but the speaker believed that a majority of farmers were just as capable of running the spinning jenny as they were to carry on a farm.
There is nothing so delicate as the forces of nature in the soil, and the want is a better education and a better knowledge of the needs that must be supplied. New England agriculture was once the production of food and the making of clothing. Now it has changed, for we can’t afford to make the one or the other; we are better off to buy them. Out business is to make a crop for the market, something that will reach the demand. The manufacturing interests need the farmers, and the farmers need the market. We have an advantage in this respect over other options. There is nothing we can produce but will not find a ready sale. If the speaker was allowed to choose a farm, he would locate it somewhere on the sea board or the incline of the Alleghanies [i.e. Alleghenies].
There is here more enjoyment for a man, he receives more of the avails of his labor than in any other section. The address of Prof. Stockbridge, which we have endeavored to give the leading points, was eminently practical, and filled with good sensible advice, and was brief enough to hold the attention of hearers to the close. It was delivered without notes, and in a clear and distinct voice, notwithstanding the uproar around him of bleating sheep and bellowing cattle...with a few fine pieces of music by the band, the exercises upon the ground of the first day were brought to a pleasant termination.
Major S.B. Plinney, the visiting member of the State Board, did not arrive until evening, and therefore did not have an opportunity to see the stock, always the stronghold of our exhibitions. The hall exhibition was the crowning glory of the fair, better in many respects than any we have previously had. Superintendent Warner, who has always done so well in his admirable arrangement of articles for a good display, makes improvements with every year, and is constantly proving that he is the right man in the right place. In entering the hall, the visitor is fairly enchanted by the brilliant attractions that surround him on every side. But one to make a careful inspection is forced to concentrate his wandering gaze somewhere, and we commence by the door with the garden vegetables.
There were 10 entries in the department. W.L. Warner of Sunderland taking the lead with 102 varieties, and everything under his hands have apparently grown with the special purpose of taking the first premium. His biggest squash was a "buster" of 149 pounds, and no. 2 was good for 91 pounds. His beets beat everything out, and potatoes and "garden sass" generally were of the same healthy family. Samuel Stoughton of Gill was an important competitor in this department with 25 varieties. A.D. Smith of Sunderland, with 32 varieties and W.M. Wise of Greenfield, with excellent squashes, etc., and he is, by the way, the champion gardener of all this region, and makes his little patch of ground of an acre or so, bring him a better income than many a farmer’s 100 or more. Of the miscellaneous fruit, F.A. Fisk of Shelburne exhibited 95 varieties, and W.L. Warner of Sunderland, 92, and good fruit it all was, too.
But almost as tempting as anything were the peaches that reminded one of the days when this delicious fruit was among the luxuries of home culture, and not the bruised, ill looking and ill tasting import of Jersey or Maryland that we know it now. There were 9 entries, Amos Stewart of Coleraine, showing 10 varieties, and Joshua Hall of Ashfield exhibiting a platter of some of the finest we ever saw. The exhibition of grapes was not so poor as everyone had predicted after all. There were ten entries. The man who distanced all competitors in this branch is Jacob Steigleder of Shelburne Falls. How he manages to produce such fruit in the open air is a mystery many a grower would like to find out.
He had 28 varieties, and J.P. Howard of Greenfield, another well known grape grower, put in an appearance with 17 varieties, and another exhibitor of prominence was http://www.heywoods.info/c/Csurnames.html Israel Childs of Sunderland. Pears, too, made a tip-top show. the leading exhibitor among the 24 entries, was E.H. Judd of http://www.rootsweb....h/towns/southhadley/ South Hadley , the professional horticulturist, with 28 varieties. Hon. Alvah Crocker of Fitchburg sent up 40 varieties that were very good indeed, and Dr. N.S. Wells of Greenfield, who takes great pride in the fine products of his excellent garden, had 17 varieties that attracted no little attention. There were 13 collections of named varieties of apples.
W. Stewart and G.H. Stewart of Coleraine, taking the lead in point of excellence with 40 varieties, Joseph Anderson of Shelburne had 50, D.Wells and H. Wells of Shelburne, 31. and Samuel Stoughton of Gill, 26. Before we leave these tables we must not overlook the tastefully arranged baskets, a mixture of fruit and flowers the result of the good taste of Misses C.M. Wells, E.A. Fisk, and Mrs. C.E. Bardwell, and J.D. Fisk, all of Shelburne. We now come to the flowers, which were the most complete exhibition of the kind we have ever had. The entire space in front of the hall was a perfect blend of many colored blossoms. Cut flowers were arranged in every conceivable design, while pots of plants, shrubs and foliage gave the necessary background. Conspicuous were the contributions of Mrs. S.W. Boutwell of Leverett, consisting of arches of wild flowers, parlor bouquets, hand bouquets and collections of verbenas, asters, etc.
L.M. Hayward of Greenfield had pots of plants, cut flowers and verbenas, that truly entitled him to the first premium, which was awarded by the Committee. J.H. Osterhout of Greenfield exhibited a large box, containing nothing but pansies. Mrs. Charles Richmond of Greenfield, bouquets and pot plants, E.D. Merriam of Greenfield a century plant, Mrs. J.W. Buddington of Greenfield, cut flowers, James D. Ball of Montague, beautiful verbenas, Mrs. H.C. Haskell of Greenfield, a fine pyramid, while lack of space only prevents us to mention. Take it altogether; there was nothing wanting but sufficient money to be bestowed in deserving premiums on the part of the Committee.
What arrested the attention of the visitors to the hall more perhaps than anything else, was W.A. Forbes’ display of carpets. Taking the space back of the stage, he filled it almost to the ceiling, using hundreds of yards of carpeting of varied patterns, arranged so as to produce the most desirable effect. There was a heap of work in making the display, but the superintendent of the hall declares that he would rather have given $25 than have it omitted from the exhibition, and we trust that Mr. F. will be more than repaid for the labor by the opportunity it gave to convince the ladies of the county that they need not go abroad to get their carpeting. We are sorry to say that Mr. Forbes was the only dry goods merchant who made any entries at all.
Don’t let us make a similar record next year. One corner of the stage was occupied by J.L. Lyons, who showed a beautiful chamber set and other articles of furniture from his first class establishment. The different sewing machines were in a lively competition as usual. E.H. Marsh of Montague showed window gardens, brackets, etc. and G.F. Newell of Greenfield, window gardens and ferneries. Conspicuous in the center of the stage, C.M. Moody exhibited a specimen of his wonderful ingenuity in the way of arranging autumn leaves. In a frame 6 or 8 ft. long, and on a white back ground he had spelled out "Nothing But Leaves", forming beautiful rustic letters and getting a happy blending of the many hues of the leaves, set off with different varieties of ferns.
Mr. M., too, entered different styles of ferneries of his manufacture, with pictures and other articles from his store. J.D. Bouker had a case of picture frames and moldings, and another of fancy articles. Childs & Payne a case of the nicest toilet and fancy articles from their drug store, M.S. Fellows a case of boots and shoes, and Forbes & Foster a show case of silver ware of the most beautiful manufacture beside fine jewelry, etc. J.H. Hollister also made a good display of jewelry, and showed his wonderful mechanical clock. Popkins, the photographer, deserves especial notice for his collection of pictures. He put up a screen on which to display them at great expense, At the top of the collection was the life size portrait of Deacon Field of East Charlemont, and among the faces were many familiar ones to the people of the county, and all attested to the thorough skill of the artist.
Among some old ambrotypes that he exhibited was a likeness of General Newport, the venerable colored man who is honored as the originator of the Agricultural Society 25 years ago. William Wunsch put in a case of his fashionable millinery, Mrs. E.L. Hammond, who recently opened rooms here a case of beautiful hair work. Merriam had books, fancy articles, etc., and Richardson the caterer, a case of beautifully frosted and ornamented cake, confectionery, etc. The http://www.thetreasu...l?noframes;read=6650 Rumford Chemical Works of Providence R.I. had for inspection, http://www.mc.vander...ostrums/rumford.html Rumford Yeast Powder , said to be the best thing of the kind, a quantity of soap, blacking, and other desirable articles of their manufacture. We come now to the butter and cheese, of which there were 15 entries of the former and 10 of the latter, fully as large a quantity as at any previous exhibition. But the competitors for premiums on bread were more numerous than ever before. There were 21 of wheat bread, 6 of brown, 6 of rye, 3 of graham, while in the youth’s department there were 10 of wheat, 4 of rye, 5 of brown and 3 of graham. Imagine if you can the duty of the committee, who had to go through and taste of all these.
They were at it for hours, and we don’t believe will want to eat any more bread for 6 months. We will let them tell who of the ladies and misses are the leaders in this department of housekeeping, for we don’t know anything about it. Of honey there were 2 entries, maple syrup 6, maple sugar 6, cider and grape wine 8, and pickles, preserves, jellies and canned fruit 11. Among the principal exhibitors of the latter were Mrs. Charles Richmond and Mrs. J.F. Hosmer of this town. Of cutlery, mechanical arts, etc. there were 31 entries. The Millers Falls Co. made a fine exhibition of braces, vices and the numerous useful little articles that they manufacture.
The Tool Shop too made a good display of planes, ox shoes, etc. Of agricultural implements there were 7 entries, prominent among which was the Clark & Chapman Machine Co. with Woods’ Mower, a turbine water wheel and saw mill machinery. The fine arts were not in the least neglected, and first we must mention the designs and object drawing of the pupils of the High and the 1st and 2nd rooms of the Grammar Schools. These scholars have been, until recently, under the instruction of Miss Mary P. Wells, who has now been succeeded by Miss H. Elizabeth Carleton. Every visitor at the fair who saw these designs must have been thoroughly convinced of the wisdom of teaching drawing in our public schools.
The children do not measure from patterns, but use their eyes only...and copy generally from objects. They are encouraged to bring in original designs, and their ingenuity and skill is quite wonderful. The specimens exhibited at the fair embraced a great variety, and included contributions from the little chicks of 10 years old. Miss Carleton showed some fine specimens of oil paintings from her own brush. H.F. Root of Montague had on exhibition his fine large crayon portrait of Sumner, accompanied by that of a New York lady in state costume. There was a fine game piece in oil by Miss Nellie Ward of Greenfield, and a fine picture by Mrs. B.S. Parker, and a crayon by Miss H.B. Wiley of Greenfield.
Mrs. E.J. Wing of Conway had a beautiful wreath, Mrs. F.E. Jones of Greenfield a wax cross, Mrs. B.S. Parker of Greenfield, white roses, Miss Lula Richmond of Greenfield, woodbine, Mrs. W.F. Root of Greenfield a cross; a beautiful agricultural wreath was the cunning handwork of Mrs. C.P. Miner, Charlemont, and Mrs. F.W. Chapin of Gill had a delicate feather wreath, and there was another by Miss Emina L. Weatherhead of Bernardston; Miss Lucy Washburn of Greenfield had on exhibition an exceedingly pretty worsted wreath, and there were others by Mrs. G.O. Peabody of Turners Falls and Miss Ella Chapin of Greenfield. A very pretty http://www.liveaucti...ons/ebay/279410.html bead towel rack was exhibited by Mrs. A.F. Hawks of Greenfield. The entries of domestic manufacture were 42, an unusually large amount of carpeting, rugs, frocking, flannel, yarn, stockings, and mittens, all of which, we dare say, were very well made.
We can speak only of a few articles here and there, as it would be an endless task to praise them all separately. Mrs. A.F. Hawks had on exhibition a silk bed quilt of 3280 pieces, of the "Job’s puzzle [i.e. Job’s Puzzle] pattern, which, if the patient hero of Bible history had tried his hand at, would have blasted his enviable reputation before it was half completed. Mrs. Elisha Alexander of Northfield had a beautiful white spread of 741 pieces. Mrs. Julia Cowing of Deerfield, who always contributes largely to our fairs, had among other things a splendid carriage blanket; Mrs. F.H. Hawks of Charlemont a fine white quilt, Miss E.D. Williams a crochet scarf that was as pretty as anything of the kind we have ever seen. T
he fancy articles embraced 112 entries, besides the 64 that were in the youth’s department. But we are not going to be so foolish as to pretend to make selections, and pour out our exhausted supply of adjectives in trying to do them justice. The fair fingers that have wrought these marvels in needle work might be in our hair if we omitted to say the handsome thing by all; and we will leave the committee to take the responsibility and distribute the $50 - and it ought to be $500 - where their judgment may think best. Thurs. eve. the hall was open, and thronged by hundreds of beautiful ladies and gallant gentlemen, who enjoyed a promenade between the richly loaded tables, while the Greenfield Band, in the gallery, delighted the audience with some of their choicest selections. Friday’s horse show - Fri. too was a beautiful day and the attendance larger than on Thurs., and we might as well say here that the extra train for the accommodation of the eastern towns of the county should have run on Thursday.
For if there is anything we are proud of, or have to exhibit above others, it is our Cattle Show, and we boast a good deal about the good influence...the exhibition of horses was up to the average of former years, and perhaps in some respects better. The colts bore evidence of good blood...[Many men are mentioned, and many horses]...Society’s dinner, served at Franklin Hall by Landlord Doolittle of the Mansion House, was at half past 12. This was an institution of our early fairs, but for some reason of late has been omitted from the programme. The Band, followed by distinguished guests of the society - half a dozen poor gentlemen who thought that it was necessary to put on martial airs, and stepping through the dusty street, followed by a rabble of bare-footed boys and noisy dogs, because it was so ordered in the exercises. This marching in procession on great occasions was an institution of the past, and it hasn’t been attempted at our fairs for half a dozen years without proving a perfect burlesque. Some 163 ladies and gentlemen were in attendance at the dinner, which consisted of cold meats, tea and coffee, not an elaborate fare, but plain and substantial, and as good as could have been afforded for the price.
Blessing was invoked by Rev. J.F. Moors, and when it came for the toast of season, etc., President Brown opened the ball by thanking the ladies and gentlemen of the society for their many efforts in getting up such a creditable exhibition. He then called upon Maj. S.B. Phinney of Barnstable, the visiting member of the State board. That gentleman modestly excused himself by saying that he came from a manufacturing community, and did not feel quite at home among such eminent agriculturists. He made some pleasant allusions to his former acquaintance with Senator Washburn and others present, and then spoke in the highest praise of the exhibition, or so much of it as he had seen, for he was not present at the cattle show on Thurs...Senator Washburn was called upon to respond to a toast to the State of Massachusetts. He hadn’t been in town for our fairs for several years, and was pleasantly surprised to find the exhibition so good.
We should have to look far and long before we should find such stock as was produced here in little Franklin County. It was much ahead of that shown at the New England fair, where much of the best came from this county. So too in regard to fruit...A toast to the old officers of the society brought up Austin De Wolf, Esq. [Austin DeWolf], a former Secretary, who gave some pleasant reminiscences of the fairs of other days, and of those who had been active in the society... http://www-unix.oit.umass.edu/~amae000/anrpt84.htm Leander Wetherell , editor of the Boston Cultivator came next. This gentleman has an extensive acquaintance with the agricultural interests throughout New England, but says there is no place he likes to go so well as here, because it is a genuine Cattle Show, and the only one he knows of.
The herdsmen here have thoroughly bred cattle, they know their business, and he pointed out the superiority of many features. He had a good word to say for horse shows and horse trotting - and closed with the sentiment - Franklin County, the banner county of Massachusetts, for she not only furnished the best cattle but has the best Governors and Senators. S.O. Lamb Esq. was now called out and spoke at considerable length, alluding more particularly to taxation, and the laws that should govern it as he looked at it. He was followed by James S. Grennell, who for many years was Secretary of the Society, and has always been identified with its interests...He had never been absent from a single fair, and said there was never a more satisfactory show than that of the present year...In the evening the exhibition hall was open, and another large assembly in attendance, music being furnished by the Bernardston Band.
Some of the gentlemen who did not have a chance to air their eloquence at the dinner table were permitted here to relieve themselves. D.O. Fisk of Shelburne was the master of ceremonies. W.L. Warner, Superintendent of the hall, said among other things that the number of plates of fruit exhibited 8 years ago was 350, while this year there were over 1160, which showed how we were progressing...The sports of Saturday - "Old Prob deserves the thanks of this community for 3 bright beautiful days in succession...[very blurry]. Next came the foot race [more blurred text]...After an hour’s intermission there was a trial of traveling horses over 4 years old.
The entries were E.S. Smith of Ashfield and H. Couillard of Shelburne Falls, best 3 heats in 5. The first was won by Smith, the second by Couillard, but as the latter did not conform to the rules of the Society in making his entry, the premium was awarded to Smith. Both made good time but no record was made. The balloon ascension - The time now approached for the great event of the fair, the balloon ascension, and the crowd gathered around the Monster, or "Belle of France", we should call her, for that was her name. She is the same balloon that made the famous voyage from Plymouth N.H. 3 or 4 years ago, the longest trip ever made in this country, and she has made many other successful voyages since. She now towers to a height of 75 ft., anchored fast by her ballast of sand, waiting very patiently for the word "Go". Prof. http://www.centennia...light_in_US/LTA2.htm Samuel A. King , the veteran aeronaut, was not however to have her in charge, but he had sent his son, http://archiver.root...L/2004-02/1078113819 Frank K. King , a young man of Boston, who was now to make his 7th ascension.
Mr. Holden, the Boston Journal reporter, who had proposed to accompany Mr. King, had found it necessary to give it up, and the latter finally decided to take along with him at the last moment his younger brother, Randolph Z. King, who had been present to assist in the preparations. Everything was in readiness. Mr. King put in provision enough to last two 24 hours, extra clothing and the few necessaries that might be required. He had tested the direction of the wind by previously sending up two small balloons which floated off to the north-east. The young aeronaut was perfectly cool, his nerves apparently not in the least disturbed at the thought of making his perilous ascent. He chatted cheerfully with the gentlemen allowed inside the rope, which had been stretched around a circle to keep off the crowd.
The two fellows couldn’t have been happier if they had been about to start on a little pleasure drive. It is estimated that least 8000 to 10,000 people were watching and waiting for the final going up. Not only was the park crowded, but the adjacent house tops and every hill or point that could command a view was covered with human beings, straining all their eyes in the same direction. Finally the bags of ballast were thrown out, and the dozen or more gentlemen in attendance held the balloon down by a rope. Precisely on the stroke of 3 o’clock, the hour advertised, the rope was cut, and up the "Belle of France" rose, with a graceful, steady motion, amid a thousand huzzas from the multitude, the waving of handkerchiefs and hats, and wishes of a safe and pleasant journey, while the two bands, as had been previously arranged, played http://www.bardon-en...cian_Looks_Back.html "Up in a Balloon Boys" .
It was a grand sight, and called forth unbounded admiration. A red, white, and blue streamer was thrown out from the basket, which hung down for 60 or 70 ft., and when up a little higher, Mr. King let drop a bunch of http://palimpsest.st...s/cdl/1999/0015.html gilt paper , which separated and glistened in the sun like a myriad of stars. Higher and higher the balloon arose, its motion hardly perceptible, and smaller it grew in the distance, and still the people stood and watched its flight over the village. It took a north easterly direction, which if continued would have carried it through the south-eastern corner of Vermont, and over the boundary into New Hampshire.
Mr. King proposed at starting to take a long trip if everything was favorable, and promised that when he landed he would telegraph his whereabouts. At 4 o’clock, one hour after the ascension, the balloon could still be seen about as large as a man’s head, and dimly fading from sight. The "Belle of France" did not, however, make as long a trip as the navigator had hoped. After being up two hours and a half, a final landing was made at Allen’s Quarry, Northfield Farms, near the Erving line, and some two miles from Grout’s (Millers Falls), whither the balloon was taken and brought back to Greenfield on the 9 o’clock train. Mr. King says that the air was almost calm the higher he got, and he went to an altitude of 7000 ft. (higher than Mount Washington) the stiller it seemed, and therefore he was forced to make his journey a short one. The aeronauts previously alighted in Montague, threw out some ballast and went up again.
They passed over Bernardston, and turning, came down the course of the Connecticut, went north again and then east to the point of landing, which was reached without trouble. They describe the view of the country over which they passed the finest they had ever seen, and regret that their journey could not have been prolonged. The stallion race - The grand round up of the fair was the special trial of stallions for prizes amounting to $100. Entries were made by J. Stockwell of Buckland, http://www.pinnacle-.../ppages/ppage46.html "Buckland Boy" [of course the photo linked to is a much newer "Buckland Boy"], H.N. Wilde of Guilford Vt., "Morgan Empire"; Luther Wells of Greenfield, "John G. Saxe"; F.S. Hagar of Greenfield, "Tommy Dott"; Samuel Leonard of Greenfield, "Erie Abdelah". The trot came off in the old course in Petty’s Plain immediately after the balloon ascension. "Morgan Empire" and "Erie Abdallah" [sic] were withdrawn before the race was closed.
The first heat was won by "John G. Saxe" in 2:52, the second and third by "Buckland Boy", best time 2:39. The latter was given the first purse of $50, the former the second of $35, and "Tommy Dot" took the third of $15. There was then a private purse, the first money of which was taken by Ed. Everett’s "Seed Leaf" in 2:50, and the second by E.S. Smith’s "Nettie Rude". Miscellaneous - All premiums awarded will be paid according to the regulations of the Society after Wed next, at the office of the secretary, F.M. Thompson, in the Court House.
The receipts of the 3 days was about $1650. Including life member tickets, and there is due from the railroad a percent on tickets sold, say $100, and from advertisers in the aeronaut some $345, making a total of $2100, enough to pay all expenses and leave a handsome balance. The average receipts of the last 8 years have been about $900. There were arrests for drunkenness, the State Constables and other officers being on the alert, but considering the great number of people there was little rowdyism. One lady from Halifax Vt. lost her wallet, probably picked from her pocket. Among the amusing things that was noticed at the Secretary’s office, was the effort of one life member to get a new ticket.
The reason given for the loss of the old one was that he had just married a new wife, and things had got so much mixed, he couldn’t find it anywhere. Of course, under the circumstances, a new one was issued at once...On Sat. a horse, belonging to George Taylor of Shelburne, became frightened by the music of the bands in front of the Mansion House, and rearing, fell upon his head sustaining fatal injury. It was one of a fine pair and valued at $250. List of premiums awarded - [an extremely long list of prizes - several columns]...
Gazette & Courier - Monday, November 11, 1872
Register of Deeds, County Commissioner and Special Commissioner
Register of Deeds, County Commissioner and Special Commissioner - Edward Benton of Greenfield was elected Register of Deeds. Special Commissioner is John M. Smith of Sunderland, nominated by both parties...Representatives, district 1: http://merrill.olm.net/shs/allred/wells/wells.RTF A.S. Atherton [possibly Adelbert Samuel Atherton] of Warwick, Republican, elected. District no. 2, Harrison O. Field, from Leverett [Democrat?] elected. District no. 3, Candidates - William Stewart of Coleraine and Elijah E. Belding of Northfield, Republican; William Keith of Greenfield and http://memorialhall....age.jsp?itemid=15673 David Mowry [a farmer, stock raiser, fruit grower, and dairyman] of Leyden, Democratic. Elected William Stewart, Elijah E. Belden ...District no. 4. George W. Bardwell of South Deerfield, Democrat, and Charles Crittenden [probably http://archiver.root...L/2003-02/1044366524 Charles Eastman Crittenden ] of Hawley, Republican, elected. District no. 5. http://freepages.gen...storyofashfield.html Ezekiel D. Bement of Buckland, Republican, is elected.
Gazette & Courier - Monday, March 25, 1872
(Greenfield) http://iconocla.st/p...e-massachusetts.html Massasoit , Conquest, and a great variety of second-hand stoves [an illustration of a stove very similar to the Stewart stove mentioned above]. Also 3 good harnesses, 2 good express wagons, 1 stage, 4 good horses, 1 nice cow with calf, lot brooms, 25 cents each. Shop on Davis St. Turn in at American House, go due north on thumb hand side [explanation, anyone?]. Shop open henceforth. A licensed Auctioneer, or anything else. Call on your Uncle. C.H. Tyler, Greenfield, Mass.
Gazette & Courier - Monday, November 27, 1871
The Court took up the criminal business on Mon. and disposed of the following cases: Com. vs. Lorenzo Spurr
The Court took up the criminal business on Mon. and disposed of the following cases: Com. vs. Lorenzo Spurr - for assault and battery. Upon verdict of jury, not guilty. Com. vs. Simeon Canada - For keeping an unlicensed dog. The case went to the Supreme Court from last term. The defendant's exceptions were overruled, and a new trial ordered, but the defendant having satisfied justice and the law, the case was nol. pros'd by District Attorney. Com. vs. Henry Wright - This was the famous kuklux tar and feather case from Charlemont. The case went to Supreme court on exceptions, which have now been overruled, and the case continued for sentence. Com. vs. http://www.temple-genealogy.com/d2076.htm Andrew Murius Marcy of Charlemont - For assault with an ax, upon Chandler A. Vincent. The defendant tried to show that he was threatened with harm, and that he punched the complainant with a pick ax, in self defense, but it appeared that the complainant had no weapon, was peaceably walking in the highway, and that he got an ax away from the defendant, and that one rib was broken by the blow. The jury found defendant guilty of simple assault and battery. The judge...felt that the injury was a severe one, and that it ought not to be settled with a fine. He therefore sentenced him to hard labor in the House of Correction at Northampton for 4 months. Com. vs. George B. and Aaron P. Hale of Gill - For maliciously killing a cow of Charles P. Heywood of Gill. The case was sharply contested, but jury disagreed, and the District Attorney afterward nol. pros'd. Com. vs. James Ryan - An indictment for adultery with a married woman of Northfield. The case was long and the evidence disgustingly filthy and resulted in a disagreement of the jury. It is rumored that the jury stood 10 for acquittal and 2 for conviction. The District Attorney nol. pros'd the case. Com. vs. Harrison T. Babcock - Complaint for illegally conveying liquor. Jury found defendant guilty. Exceptions were taken and case goes to Supreme Court. Com. vs. Rawson C. Briggs - Keeping unlicensed dog. The defendant did not appear according to his recognizance. His sureties were defaulted. A bench warrant was issued and he was arrested and brought into court and fined $15 and costs. $56.54 more. Moral - it is an expensive luxury to have contempt for the court. Thomas Connor retracted his plea and now pleaded guilty of drunkenness. Patrick Foley's case for selling liquor was nol. pros'd. John H. Sears pleaded guilty of assault and battery on Elizabeth Sears, and was fined $11. The liquors seized of Dennis Burke, of Lyman Thayer, of John Sullivan, of Henry D. Stevens, of Hiram W. Thayer, of D.S. Simons, and Harrison T. Babcock were ordered to be destroyed. Com. vs. Patrick Foley - For assault on officer. Nol. pros'd. Com. vs. Edward E. Elliott of Ashfield - Indictment for breaking and entering Crafts' store in the night. It appeared that the defendant, with other boys, was out on a drunken spree nearly all night, and that the store was broken into and a few trifling articles taken, but they were returned in a few days. The jury found defendant guilty. Exceptions were taken, and the case goes to the Supreme Court. Judgment was rendered in the following named actions without a trial: Waymes N. Potter vs. Elihu Belden - $347.85 for plaintiff, according to the decision of the Supreme Court. Oscar Bardwell vs. Samuel Purrington - $347.35 for plaintiff, according to decision of the Supreme Court. Utley Burnham vs. http://archiver.root...L/2002-12/1039291272 Silas Scott - This case was an action of contract on a bill of items. It was referred to E.E. Lyman as Auditor, who found the defendant owed plaintiff $15.57. Judgment was rendered on his report. In the suits of Susie F. Burrows [ http://archiver.root...L/2002-04/1018839687 Susan F. Beach Burrows ] against Ezra O. Purple, Cyrus Stewart, D.S. Pratt and others, Susan M. Wright and others. These suits arose out of the divorce suit, when this plaintiff divorced her husband, http://archiver.root...L/2002-04/1018839687 George F. Burrows . The Court in that case decreed $3000 alimony. His property was attached on the libel for divorce, but was set off on execution for his debts before the divorce suit was determined. These defendants are the tenants of the lands thus set off, but all were subsequent to the plaintiff's attachment on her libel. The case went to the Supreme Court, who decided that the attachment on the divorce suit cut under the succeeding attachments for his debts, and judgment was rendered at that time for the plaintiff and for possession of the demanded premises. D.W. Goss vs. Cornelius Kelliher - This case was referred to Lucius Nims, L.G. Barton and Phillip Traver, who found for plaintiff for $136.35. Rodolphus Smith vs. Alfred Roscoe - Judgment for plaintiff. Hugh E. Keuran vs. Patrick Butler - Judgment for plaintiff. William A. Ingham & al. vs. Lucius Derry and R.L. Goss, Trustee - Judgment for plaintiff. Same vs. Joseph Derry and R.L. Goss, Trustee - Judgment for plaintiff. Dennis Kelliher vs. Conn. R.R. Co. - This was an action to recover for a cow killed on the railroad near the site of Gunn & Amidon's shop, in the north part of Greenfield. The cow got out of the lot by going through the culvert; from thence she wandered some distance and got on the track through a defective fence on another man's land than plaintiff. The case went to the Supreme Court on agreed state of facts, and it is now decreed that the Railroad shall pay $30 damages. Millers Falls Manufacturing Co. vs. Charles H. Amidon - This was an action to recover about $1000 on an account for goods received. The defense was payment by salary as an overseer or superintendent. The parties agreed on a judgment for plaintiff for $70 and no costs. http://archiver.root...L/2001-11/1004889060 Dexter Drake vs. Andrew March - Judgment for plaintiff. Thomas B. Clark vs. Cornelius Kelliher - This case went to the Supreme Court on an agreed state of facts. The plaintiff let his hens run on defendant's land. Defendant warned him that if they continued to run on his land, he would kill them. The hens were not taken care of, and defendant killed the hens while trespassing on his land, and carried their carcasses and put them on plaintiff's doorstep. The plaintiff sued for damages in killing the hens. There were other causes of actions alleged. The Supreme Court decided that hens have rights that Irishmen are bound to respect; that the life of a hen is as sacred in the eyes of the law as the life of an ox or horse, and gave judgment for plaintiff, damages, $5 and costs, $57.38 more. Deliverance Wheeler vs. David W. Goss - Judgment for plaintiff. David Dole vs. Martin Dickerson - Judgment for plaintiff for $10 and half the costs. Edwin A. Hills vs. D.W. Goss - Judgment for plaintiff $186.10. Pratt & Whitney Co. vs. D.W. Goss - Judgment for plaintiff, $186.10; Amos Stetson vs. http://www.rays-place.com/jones/chart.htm Solomon Mosher - Judgment for plff. George W. Warren vs. Amos Stetson - Judgment for plff. on note for $402.71. William L. Bradley vs. Sylvester W. Hall - Judgment for plff. for $100 and no costs, on a note for $131.70. The defense was that the super-phosphate for which the note was given was poor and worthless. Lyman J. Wait vs. John T. Gascoigne - This action is for a livery stable bill for horse and horses furnished the minor son of deft. The case goes to G.D. Williams as Auditor. Phinehas P. Hosmer vs. C.F. Forbes - an action of account. Referred to E.E. Lyman Esq. as auditor. H.C. Gratlan vs. D.W. Goss - Judgment for plff. for $144.45. John Wells vs. Warren E. Wells - Judgment for plff. for $160 and no costs. The suit was on a note for $270.50. Solomon McKinister vs. Martin I. Crossett - Action of tort for converting two horses and their harnesses. Judgment for plff., damages $12 and no costs. Same vs. Augustus A. Tyrrell & al. - Judgment for plff., $125 damages, $31.05 costs. Sabrina C. Hale vs. Benjamin Hale - In this case there was a trial. The action was on a note for $80, on which $12.85 was indorsed as payments. The defense was that the note was a forgery; that the indorsements were never paid, etc. The deft. not being ready for trial when the case was called; he went to trial without any of his witnesses being present. The jury gave the plff. the verdict for $100. The deft. moved for a new trial, which was granted on payment of costs by deft. to this term. This case was connected with Ryan's adultery case, and considerable feeling was manifested. Loring Wood vs. Sarah Simonds - This was an action for mechanic's lien. The facts being agreed, the case goes to the Supreme Court on the question whether a filing of notice with the town clerk at his house at 9:15 p.m. of the 22nd day of the month, and recording the same by him the next day is a filing in the office of the Town Clerk on the 23rd day. A.B. Barnard vs. Loren Hayden - This was an action for repairs on a mowing machine. The defense was that the deft. never employed the plff. to make the repairs, but employed H.L. Thayer; that the repairs were charged to Thayer, and not to deft. The jury rendered a verdict of $21.43 for plff. George L. Barton, formerly principal of the Greenfield High School, petitioned for admission in the bar. The Court assigned S.O. Lamb and C.C. Conant to examine the applicant, he not having studied 3 years in an office. The applicant passed a brilliant examination and was admitted to the Bar. We understand that Esq. Barton is intending to locate at Turners Falls. We wish him abundant success. The Court adjourned on Thurs.
Gazette & Courier - Monday, December 8, 1873
(Greenfield) The meeting of the Patrons of Husbandry in this town on Wed. was attended by some 100 members from the different granges of the State. A meeting was held in the eve. at Washington Hall o
(Greenfield) The meeting of the Patrons of Husbandry in this town on Wed. was attended by some 100 members from the different granges of the State. A meeting was held in the eve. at Washington Hall of a purely social character, at which refreshments were provided by the Greenfield and Deerfield Granges. Thurs. forenoon a State Grange was organized with choice f the following officers: Worthy Master, T.L. Mills of Conway; Overseer, A.J. Sawyer of Harvard; Lecturer, Charles W. Felt of Danvers; Steward, George Willis [possibly http://www.rootsweb....pitt_deaths/w-3.html George B. Willis ] of Pittsfield; Assistant Steward, Henry E. Rice of Barre; Chaplain, Luther Conant of Acton; Treasurer, Charles Jones of Deerfield; Secretary, Benjamin Davis of Ware; Gate Keeper, Franklin Bartlett of south Deerfield; Ceres, Mrs. Franklin Bartlett of South Deerfield; Pomona, Mrs. A.J. Sawyer of Harvard; Flora, Mrs. Charles Jones of Deerfield; Lady Assistant Steward, Mrs. Henry E. Rice of Barre. The meetings of the State Grange are to be held at the time and the place to which adjournment is made. Dinner was provided on Thurs. by the Granges of Deerfield and Greenfield, J.J. Richardson acting as caterer. the aft . meeting was to have ben an open one with addresses from Lecturer Thompson of the National Grange, and other eminent members of the order. But the unpleasant weather and the opportunity it gave the farmers hereabout to pack their favorite weed prevented a large attendance, and it was decided at the hour of meeting to hold a secret session and dispense with the anticipated speeches. A vote of thanks of the Patrons of Husbandry was extended to the brothers and sisters of the Greenfield and Deerfield Granges for their hospitable attention. It was announced that sufficient provision had been made for another collation later in the he day. singing was one of the interesting features of the exercises, a choir being formed from the brothers and sisters of the Deerfield and Greenfield Granges under the direction of Joseph Fuller of the former place. Quite a number of ladies were present. Thurs. eve. was devoted to installing the officers of several of the subordinate granges. of the 18 granges in the State, 17 were established through the direct efforts of Deputy Abbott. There are at preset in the country 85,100 granges, with a membership of 634,000, and an average daily increase of 100 members.
http://www.preserve2.org/ladiesmile/history.htm A.T. Stewart's palace - Stewart's http://www.encyclopedia.com/html/S/StewrtA1.asp marble building on Fifth Avenue , which he has erected for a home, is approaching completion. It is nearly furnished, and will be ready for occupancy early in the spring. It is, without doubt, the most superb private residence in the country. It has cost 3 million without the furniture. The most celebrated artists have been over 3 years in frescoing the ceilings. The frescos are unequaled except by those in the Prince Albert ball room at http://lcweb2.loc.go...d=pan:m856sf=6a22756:@@@ Buckingham Palace . The style of the building has been adopted, because http://44.1911encycl...ALEXANDER_TURNEY.htm Stewart intends to donate it to the city for a gallery when he gets through with it. It is a sepulchral place, with its stone floors and stone stairs, nay, requiring a fire in summer and winter to keep it habitable. http://gardencityhis...ll2003Newsletter.pdf Mrs. Stewart 's room [Cornelia Clinch Stewart] is an exception. The wood work on her suite alone cost $16,000. Every room has a carpet imported and made to fit it, and the color of each room is different. The doors are solid rosewood with silver trimmings. It cost $600 to hang each door in the parlor. The picture gallery is complete. Several of the pictures cost over $30,000. The two most celebrated are http://www.kfki.hu/~...an/painting/biblic3/ The Prodigal Son and the New England Thanksgiving Dinner. The water works are marvels of elegance and of ingenious contrivance. After the parlors, the two most celebrated rooms in the house are Gen. Grant's Room, which is fitted up with great elegance, for http://faculty.virgi...ages/stewartpics.htm Mr. Stewart and the President are great friends; then comes the Servants' Parlor. That is fitted up more generously than any gentleman's parlor that I have seen in this city. Curtains, mirrors, imported carpets, elegant chairs covered with red leather, and pictures adorn the room. Huge ranges and every conceivable modern convenience can be found in the kitchen. The doors are barred against visitors generally, and the house when done is not to be put on exhibition (from the New York Letter).
Gazette & Courier - Monday, March 27, 1871
http://digitalgaller...&imgs=12&pNum=&pos=1# A.T. Stewart as he is, Part I - I notice that a defense of http://www.raken.com...rofile.asp?code=2285 A.T. Stewart has been going the rounds of the press, in which he is eulogized for his ability, culture, & especially for the girls' lodging house now being erected at his expense in 33rd st. and Fourth Ave. It seems quite right to defend a man from malicious & scandalous assaults, which are in too many cases excited by the circumstances of his being wealthy & holding a prominent position before the public, but I fear much that has been said against the great dry goods http://www.gardencit...nks/GC%20History.htm millionaire is well founded. Of his ability there is not the least question. He has a wonderful memory, & is said to know the quantity & price of goods in every dept. of his two huge stores, so that he can tell exactly when he is carrying too large a stock of any kind. His executive talent is also remarkable, as well as his grasp of minute matters, though as a rule he gives his leading assistants carte blanche in executing his orders in detail. Yet at the same time, while all of these men respect his intellect, they do not feel any regard for him personally, & his subordinates generally bear no love for him. This is because Stewart has no bowels of compassion, but treats men like machines, getting the most possible work out of them without regard to consequences. He pays good salaries to his chief men, but mere pittances to others, who are kept under an iron discipline all the time. But the only test of a man's actions are his motive, & according to indisputable authority, http://arrts-arrchives.com/hc.html Stewart is a man with an insatiable ambition for self-advancement.
Gazette & Courier - Monday, October 6, 1873
Deerfield Valley Agricultural Society Fair at Charlemont...The road leading up the hill to the gate of the grounds was fairly blocked with herds of cattle and vehicles of every description, crowding
Deerfield Valley Agricultural Society Fair at Charlemont...The road leading up the hill to the gate of the grounds was fairly blocked with herds of cattle and vehicles of every description, crowding upon each other, impatient to reach the elevated plain above...The infant society has grown to be a stalwart youth. Its members, which now include the best farmers of Charlemont, Coleraine, Hawley, Buckland, Heath and many other neighboring towns, leave nothing undone that can contribute to a successful exhibition...The stock shows the most marked improvement over all previous years...Small, scrubby animals are no longer to be seen...But the dept. that excelled all others of the exhibition was the sheep. ..There were 15 or more large pens filled with them...Hogs and pigs were well represented...Shelburne Falls seems to be the leading locality for the hen culture, as a large proportion of the fowls exhibited hail from that village...Luther Keyes of Rowe exhibited 18 turkeys all belonging to one brood, and he had one more in the family that was killed by the foxes. But there wasn't a goose (?) [question mark theirs] at the show, and we notice of late that this is becoming a rare fowl, and why is it? An interesting feature of the forenoon's exercises was the exhibition of trained cattle, more particularly by the lads. Fred Gleason of Heath, a boy of 12 or 14, had some 7 month's old steers yoked up, and attached to a two-wheel conveyance, in which he sat, giving off his commands to his cattle. They obeyed with remarkable fidelity and went through all the maneuvers in the most approved style. Albert White of Rowe had some steers of a larger growth that he put through an examination that showed an intelligence on the part of the bovines that they are usually not given credit for. Distinguished speakers: D.L. Smith of Coleraine, the President of the Society, called the gathering to order...Leander Wetherell Esq., Editor of the Boston Cultivator, was now introduced as the orator of the day...The subject of his theme was "Then and Now, or Farming as it was in 1840, and as it is in 1873", citing statistics to show what were the kind and quantity of products of Franklin County a generation ago, comparing them with what is raised by our farmers today...He denounced most emphatically the false notion of mothers in bringing up their daughters in idleness, gossip and dissipation. He believed in their training of the practical duties of the household, so that they may become faithful helpmates and companions to the tillers of the soil, and pictured his ideal of a home of domestic peace and happiness...His Excellency, Gov. Washburn, was then introduced...He said that with improved machinery more work could be done by one man than with 5 twenty years ago. He then showed the great advance in the cultivation of fruit. 300 and 400 varieties of pears are raised now where only 2 or 3 kinds were known a few years ago. And he knew one man who had raised a crop of pears that brought $10,500...Hon. N.S. Hubbard of Brimfield, member of the State Board of Agriculture was introduced...Col. Leavitt here announced that the time had arrived for the train, but he wanted the people to see the distinguished men who honored them with their presence, and he first introduced Hon. Charles Adams, Jr., State Treasurer; then Charles Endicott, of the Auditor General; and finally George W. Curtis Esq., Editor of Harper's Weekly. This closed the exercises, and dinner, served by the Society in the basement of the Hall building, was next in order. The Greenfield Cornet Band had now arrived upon the ground and enlivened the occasion with their fine music...The festivities closed with a potato race. This highly amusing exercise took place on the track. 35 potatoes were dropped at intervals of 6 ft. for each contestant in the race. These were to be picked up one at a time and carried to a basket at the starting point. Four young fellows, Byron Wheeler of Jacksonville, George Townsley of Buckland, E.S. Kenney of Chesterfield, and Joseph Thwing of Heath, took off their shoes and stockings and extra clothing for the contest, while the crowd closed in around them to enjoy the exciting sport. The best time was made by Wheeler, taking the first prize of $3, the second of $2 was taken by Townsley and the third of $1 by Kinney. The Hall exhibition... http://memorialhall....age.jsp?itemid=15673 G.H. Stewart of Coleraine showed 38 varieties of apples...We have never seen a better show of quinces at any exhibition, and this is a poor year for this fruit; and peaches too large, luscious and tempting, and a fine box of plums by Luther Gale of Whitingham Vt. were among the best we have seen. Garden vegetables were displayed in the greatest abundance. Among the principal contributors were Ebenezer Sears of Hawley, Phineas and Eugene Field of Charlemont. The largest squash this year was brought in by Herbert C. Hillman of Charlemont, and weighed 75 pounds...Mammoth http://www.townofflorida.org/ turnips came from the garden of http://petjr.net/GENE/pafg94.htm#3220 Obed Truesdell of Rowe...Buter was brought in with great profusion, there being 17 entries. Some cone shaped balls of the richest butter, made by Mrs. Henry Wright of West Hawley, attracted considerable attention among the pictures, paintings, etc., were fine portraits of George and Martha Washington, by http://petjr.crosswinds.net/GENE/pafg215.htm Mrs. Charles Crittenden of Hawley; a beautiful painting, giving a bird's eye view of the village of Charlemont, the work of Rev. G.E. Chapman, and another of trailing leaves and blossoms by Miss A. Marshall of Charlemont. There was a very pretty agricultural wreath from the skillful fingers of Hattie E. Wheaton of Rowe. The worsted wreaths, too, were exceedingly fine. Among those who contributed these are Sarah Hartwell, Mary Negus, A.C. Bissell, Mrs. Thomas Taylor, Charlemont, and Eva C. Smith [probably http://merrill.olm.n...mead/Smead_Part2.rtf Eveline Cord[e]lia Smith ], Coleraine, while there was a delicate wax wreath by Mrs. Thomas Taylor. Of cutlery and mechanic arts there were 27 entries, the principle exhibitors in the dept. being the Lamson & Goodnow manufacturing company of Shelburne Falls, with a showcase of beautiful ivory handled ware from their establishment...A bull in a china shop is no more out of place than a masculine reporter among the fancy articles of a fair...We cannot pass by the beautiful ottoman by Mrs. http://merrill.olm.net/shs/cens1865/allname.txt A.L. Peck [Austin L. Peck] of Shelburne...the elaborately stitched night dresses by Mrs. David Henry of Rowe and Nellie A. Ware of Buckland...Miss E.E. Whitcomb, Florida, showed patchwork by a child 5 years old...Mrs. Austin Tower of Florida, a white knit spread...E.A. Legate of Charlemont exhibited a splendid http://www.lcoggt.org/Birth/bor02.htm coon robe ...Two bed quilts, 100 years old wee exhibited by Lowell Brown...There was a large geranium tree exhibited by Mrs. Edwin Williams of Ashfield. Tues. eve., the Exhibition Hall was lighted up and visited by many in the neighborhood...Charlemont was thronged with strangers who stopped over night, and nearly every house in the village was crowded to its fullest capacity. Several invited guests of the society were provided for at the house of John A. Winslow Esq., who has one of the most charming places in Franklin county...The horse fair on Wed...The exhibition of draft horses was an interesting feature and attracted considerable attention. The animals were attached to a stone boat, and the drivers, without noise or whipping, had the most perfect control of their teams... http://www.prenticenet.com/home/vandy/smith.htm Rominor Smith of Coleraine with his old chestnut bob tail, led the crowd in the little brush around the track. Ladies drove their nags in the little contest...After dinner, the trial of horsemanship by lads and misses was first in order. One little miss entered the trial with the boys, and showed that she could handle the ribbons as well as any of them...The great event of the aft. was the trial of trotting horses...and the exercises of the aft. closed with a foot race. There were 6 entries. It was a single half mile race. The best time was made by http://www.temple-genealogy.com/d2076.htm Gilbert Marcy of Rowe, going around the track in 2 1/2 minutes and winning the first prize of $3; the second of $2, was won by A.L. Pratt of Buckland, and the third of $1 by F.P. Bell of Coleraine. In the eve. there was a winding up of the festivities by a Ball in the Agricultural Hall, which was, as everything preceding it, a grand success. Music was furnished by the Shelburne Falls Quadrille Band, and the young people enjoyed the good time until a late hour of the night. Matters in general - Oyster booths swarmed on the fairground like gingerbread stands at an old fashioned muster. So many were there that the trade was spoiled, and some poor fellows did not take enough to pay their $10 entrance fee. State constables Phelps and Bates were vigilant in preserving good order. Morris King was arrested for drunkenness, brought before S.D. Bardwell Esq, and paid for his little indulgence $10.50. N.B. Jenkins, who ran a sort of http://define.ansme.com/words/f/fandango.html "fandango" [Fandango also means a big party or blow-out in Spanish] was brought up for fraud, and was made to fork over $13.50. Nelson Brown and W.A. Dexter, who thought they could swindle the stamps out of the boys by running a http://freepages.gen...U/1887.Jottings.html 'sweat board' [think this is a typical gambling type board with numbers. Back in the day, dice used to be rolled on top of it] were nabbed and fined with costs to the amount of $13.75 each. A Mrs. Winchester of Coleraine was thrown from a buggy the first day of the Fair, by the horse making a short turn, and had her wrist broken. A Greenfield sportsman collided on the track with another team, had his sulky badly broken and his person somewhat damaged. The receipts of the society from all sources were $1657.46, which is more, we think, than was ever taken by the old Society at Greenfield. The Society has been laboring under a debt of some $4000, resulting from the outlay in purchasing grounds and fitting up the track, buildings, etc., but the generous lift they have received this year will materially lesson their indebtedness, and will encourage the members to still greater efforts in another year. List of premiums...[too numerous to mention].
Gazette & Courier - Monday, June 29, 1874
$100,000,000 - The newspapers recently reported that A.T. Stewart has declared his last will and testament concerning the disposal of an estate currently believed to amount to $100,000,000. He began the process of gathering this money with scanty financial resources. Assuming the period of his business life to have been 40 years, the average of his accumulations has been $2,500,000 a year, and $6849, or leaving out Sundays and holidays, when laborer's wages are suspended, $8,333,33 daily. All wealth is the product of labor, says political economy, recognizing the natural law of the relation of labor to production, which it proceeds forthwith to ignore. Mr. Stewart is reported to be a diligent, even drudging worker with some of the less noble sections of his brain. He can be accounted a productive worker only, and so far, as the mere buyer and seller, the exchanger of other men's products - is a producer - as in a certain sense, and to a limited extent he is. A comparison of the results of Mr. Stewart's methods of work with those of the directly and primarily productive forces of labor will suggest the sort of pabulum upon which he has grown so fat. Assuming that the average wages of a laborer are $2 a day - the average in all employment is far less than that - by working 300 days in the year, saving the whole, spending nothing, making himself the mere drudge of labor, the worker will have for wages at the end of the year $600. At that rate the laborer for wages would requre 155,555 2/3 years to earn what Mr. Stewart has become the nominal owner of in 40 years. To get it in 40 years would require the wages at labor of 4,167 men - 5,167 men, by the law of nature, formulated and proclaimed in the organic law of these United States, endowed with common and equal right as joint heirs of all the heavens and the earth provide for man's outward and inward development, wearying our lives in toilsome drudgery, in physical and mental privation in all their miserable degrees, in order that A.T. Stewart may hoard his millions of useless gold! But there are wife and weans, and personal necessities over and above pork and beans, which makes it somewhat difficult for the man to keep the whole of that $600; so that at the end of the 166,666 2/3 years, the problem is still to be solved. How many more years must he work under the old conditions before his purse and Mr. Stewart's shall stand in an even balance? Is Mr. Stewart a sinner and oppressor above all others? Nay! His wealth has been acquired by methods perfectly legitimate according to all legal and social canons. He does not see his gold rusted and cankered by the sweat and blood of the poor. Gaunt, starved, nightmare skeletons do not affright peace from his pillow. His http://www.clicknotes.com/romeo/S51.html bosom's lord sits lightly on his throne. Conscience is unstained and serene. He has only given us some glimpses a little farther into the legitimate possibilities of a social system which, professing the theory of the absolute equality of rights and opportunities, leaves it possible, as http://prakashseema.tripod.com/history.html Ben Wade said, for one man to monopolize an unlimited extent of God's earth to the exclusion of all others, or to appropriate the avails of the "labor of thousands" while those who perform the labor pine away their lives in poverty and destitution. "Who hath ordained that a few should hoard their millions of useless gold/ And rob the earth of its fruits and flowers / While profitless soil they hold? / Who hath ordained that a parchment scroll / Should fence round miles of lands / While millions of hands want acres / And millions of acres want hands? (J.A.S.)