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Revised list of topics
Revised list of topics

Revised Jan. 10, 2009

Welcome to the list of topics. You can call them subject headings or tags - they offer you another method of searching the Franklin County Publication Archive site. Interested in accident victims in Athol? Click on the tag below for Accident Victims and find a list of articles dating from Jan. 1, 1870 to August , 1875. Once on the page of articles, then use your Find command to  pull up all articles mentioning Athol.

The search engine is being revamped by the wonderful and highly overworked Mik Muller. Once it is completed, you will be able to search for multiple subjects or terms by simply dividing terms with a comma in the search box. Example: Jones, Deerfield, Births   That should give you a nice listing of all Joneses born in Deerfield during the time period mentioned above. Another way to search it will be to choose the terms Deerfield and Births from the drop down box and add Jones to the search box. Voila!

ACCIDENT VICTIMS     Here reside the fatalities, not the regular every day deaths. Industrial accidents, drownings, death by fire, train, loose circus animals, accidental shootings, and freak accidents.

     Much more run of the mill stuff here, and not even fatal, at least in most cases. Many of these articles concern runaway horses, falls and narrow escapes.

   One of my favorite sections. Classified ads are also included here.

   Everything is covered here. Articles deal with slavery, racism, lynchings, and the like, but it is noteworthy to see that many articles are not racist in content.

AMUSEMENTS  is kind of a catch-all, but primarily concerns fun stuff done for amusement - picnics, parades, croquet games, tableaux, taffy pulling, sleigh rides, masquerade parties, sociables, shadow pantomimes - you get the idea.

ANIMALS / REPTILES  From the barnyard to the circus, to the hunted, to cats and dogs. Horses have their own category. I regret now that I did not create a subject heading for cruelty to animals, but those articles are also included here.

ARABS  Exotic stuff here. Turkey, Palestine, harems, whirling dervishes, reflecting the fascination for the Middle East and all its customs and traditions in the 1870s.

  is a mixed bag of accidental findings - like the dinosaur footprints in the Connecticut River bed in Turners Falls, to old burial sites of Native Americans [which were treated with appalling lack of respect]. "Humbugs" like the Cardiff giant are also included here, as well as accidental finding of treasure.

ARCHITECTURE / CONSTRUCTION  Styles of buildings, as well as the building of houses, larger buildings, bridges, train tracks, etc.

ART    contains the sublime, and the mundane. Famous statues and portraits are always being commissioned. It was also during this time period that art classes began to be required in the schools.


    Post Lincoln.

ASTRONOMY   Rare astronomical events, aurora borealis, miracles, meteors, solar eclipses - and the more mundane, references to the sun, moon, stars, planets, etc.


   includes not only the establishment itself, but also all references to hair, wigs, bald heads, medicine to grow hair, hair dyes, etc.

   Pretty much portrayed as den of iniquities. The Gazette & Courier is very much pro temperance.



   Anything drinkable. Includes water, milk, soda, coffee, tea, cider, as well as beer, liquor, etc.

BICYCLES AND BICYCLING - The craze hasn’t hit yet.  When it does, though, we’re on top of it!

BIRDS   All kinds of birds, many articles related to hunting. Hen stories abound as well, with some hens laying eggs that are 8 inches wide! [I pity the poor bird].

   A really sad section, since birth control in this time period only relates to mothers killing their newborns, to botched illegal abortions, etc.

   Are prolific. Many names, usually only of the proud father, are repeated each year. Of course the matching obituaries contain many of these infants as well. All cases of multiple births worldwide are listed.


   Free bridges, toll bridges, railroad bridges, etc.

   Any new business, old business, capitalist venture, etc. is covered.

    Women are people too!


CANALS - past their heydey (1830’s and 40’s) but still around and of interest.

CARICATURES AND CARTOONS - Haven’t started yet but I am awaiting them with great anticipation.


CHARITY   One of the main reasons fraternal clubs and organizations came into being.


  Only the very worst cases ever make it into print.

CHILDREN - They’re everywhere of course - families are huge, 15 children being a normal size. But the youth culture has not taken hold - one mostly hears about children having accidents or dying, or around Christmas time, or in school.

CHINA AND CHINESE   None locally as yet, but plenty of interest in the national news.

CIRCUS - One of my favorite sections. The hype, the sound, the fun! The ads are exceptional.

CLUBS   There are clubs for everything; they serve a major community function. Remember, no TV’s, no radios, etc.




CONNECTICUT RIVER - The important one. All others are in one section entitled RIVERS.

CONSERVATION OF NATURAL RESOURCES - Hasn’t dawned on them too much, even though they are familiar with Thoreau’s work.

   Base ball games (we call ’em baseball) becoming popular. Bets and wagers always a part of our society. We’ve got walking contests, horse races, tobacco stripping contests, girls splitting hard wood slabs, which hen can lay the biggest egg, who can grow the tallest corn stalk, etc.


- Soaps, hairdyes, perfumes, face creams, etc.

COURTS  One of the largest sections. Look here for all criminal activity.

- The path of true love did not run smoothly, even in the old days. Poems and stories abound, even personal ads (very high-toned ones, of course). Murders and scandals are not uncommon, as well.

- Ah crime! There’s some of everything here, some of it salacious, much of it fines for drunkenness.

- Not everyone who commits a crime is a criminal. I reserved this area for people like serial poisoners, bank robbers, desperados, outlaws [like Red-Handed Dick and Henry Berry Lowery].

CULTS - Oh yes, they existed back then, and were just as troublesome. Read about Adventists, proponents of Free Loveism, Millerism, the Shakers, the Christian Israelites, the Nazarites, and the Howling Dervishes [Hmm, great name for a rock band].

is a great catchall section, and one of my favorites [of course]. Here you will read about human and animal abnormalities - a youth with three legs and four feet, a lizard living in a man’s stomach, a three horned and three eyed ox, a living skeleton, a four legged chicken - well, you get the idea ;-).

- Very important to Greenfield and Turners Falls history.

DANCE - Many kinds of dancing available for the young and the old. From Balls to Belly Dancers.


- We always have them. However, they don’t have the immediacy that they do nowadays in today’s news. Read about the great Chicago fire of 1871, the great Boston fire of 1872, shipwrecks, earthquakes, floods and explosions.

DISEASES - We’ve got a million of ’em.

- the Court makes you jump through hoops, wait years, etc., but divorces do happen.

DREAMS AND SLEEP - Sleep and sleep disorders also included here.

- From sulphuric ether, to tobacco, chloral, opium and laudanum.



ECONOMICS - Not one of my favorite subjects, but you will find here any articles about money, banks, every day economics, etc.

- a special place for UMass, then the Agricultural College.

ELECTIONS - only the major ones.

EMIGRATION AND IMMIGRATION - New England still pretty unhomogenous, but there are sections about German, Chinese and Irish migrations.

- Still a strong connection to the homeland.


ETIQUETTE - Always a topic of interest for the Victorians.


EXECUTIONS AND EXECUTIONERS - A morbid but interesting section.

EXPLORERS - A great time period for exploration. We have Dr. Livingston, Arctic explorers, and more.

EYE - Blindness, accidents, eyeglasses, sore eyes, etc.

FAIRS - held bout once a week - the favorite moneymaker of the women’s church groups. Then there’s the County Fairs, which are covered as thoroughly as possible.

FAMILY - Family reunions, loving families, insane families, incest, and more. Very useful for genealogists.

FARMERS AND FARMING - A hot topic in the 19th century. Also covers tobacco and fertilizers.

- A fun section. Sunbonnets, French kid gloves, waterproof dress goods, garters, corsets, wigs, demi-trains, false insteps, shawls, plaid poplins, striped stockings, chignons, Chinese grass cloth, kilting, etc.

FIRES - There are so many, and so few ways to put them out, that it’s a wonder that any buildings survived the 19th century at all. I had to be very exclusive, and only cover those fires of local and international interest.

FISHES AND FISHING - You can get a barrel of oysters delivered right to your door, andthey are "the" Sunday breakfast.

FLOODS - Also quite prevalent.

FOOD - For the gourmet and the every day eater. This section is large and all inclusive. Includes some recipes and all restaurant ads.

FREEMASONRY - A group deserving of their own section.

- Many influences here, from the Mansard or "French" roofs, stationary, corsets, pottery, jewelry, the Franco-Prussian War, etc.

- Wooden items, [and what wood! Black walnut, solid ash, walnut, chestnut] beds and sofas [occasionally covered with haircloth], and some interesting articles about Gardner, Mass., the "chair capital of the world".

GAMBLING - One of the oldest vices. Chinese gambling houses, dog-pits, bets, every day chance taking.

GANGS - Not the Bloods and the Crips, but the homegrown Tough End boys, roughs and rowdies, brigands and juvenile delinquents.

GARBAGE - Remember that this is pre-plastic (in most respects) and that the necessity for community trash dumps is not an issue yet. Most, or all farmers, keep an iron and glass scrap heap somewhere in the back forty - a practice which still occurs today. Some articles do concern garbage - rubbish littering the streets, a city without sewers, ash barrels, etc.

GAYS - ah, this is a tough but rewarding section, where I’ve had to "read between the lines" quite a bit. Included here are men who dressed as women, and women who dressed as men [with the understanding that, especially in women’s cases, this could have been done for economic and other reasons]. Famous figures like Oscar Wilde, Susan B. Anthony and Anna Dickinson are the meat and potatoes of this section.

- one of the more recent additions, includes topographical surveys, maps, tourist type articles, etc.

GERMANS - Nice to see this ethnic group portrayed in such a positive light. Local Germans are hard working, athletic, happy, beer drinkers who do not get drunk, like to compete in gymnastic contests, love to dance, etc.


GLASS - a particular favorite of mine, since I dig for, and collect old glass embossed bottles. Bottles, window glass, demi-johns, looking glasses, etc. As time allows, I will scan in some of my "dug" antique bottles for your viewing pleasure.

- usually Presidents, Congress, and taxes, new states and territories. Many other government related articles will be found under POLITICS.



GYPSIES - always a few passing through, telling fortunes, trading horses, stealing chickens, and kidnapping local children.

HAMPSHIRE & HAMPDEN COUNTIES (MA)    A catch all section for all those towns not privileged to be in Franklin County, and yet covered fairly thoroughly here. So look for articles on Amherst, Northampton, and the Massachusetts Agricultural College (the earlier name of the University of Massachusetts).

HANDICAPPED - the blind, the deaf, the lame, the insane - all find a home here. Cork legs, poor houses and alms-houses, deformed infants, hunchbacks, etc.



HERITAGE ACTIVITIES - will come into their own a little later. For now, centennial celebrations are included here.

HISPANICS - another catchall heading. Latin American activities, as well as Spanish Peninsular items. This subject heading will probably be combined with LATIN AMERICA eventually.

HISTORY - well, it’s all history to us, right? But included here are items which were of historic interest to the inhabitants of the 1870’s - the early days of Greenfield, Deerfield, and Montague; the founding of historical organizations, like the Pocumtuck Valley Memorial Association, and genealogical family histories.

HOLIDAYS - not much different from today’s celebrations. Of course the 4th of July was a maelstrom of fireworks and severed limbs, and Christmas advertising did not occur untilthe two issues before Dec. 25th. Sabbath Schools all had their holiday celebrations, complete with Christmas trees and a song fest, and Valentine’s Day had already started its decline into ignorant and joke cards. Washington’s birthday, All Fool’s Day, May Day, Thanksgiving, New Year’s Day, and Memorial Day are all represented. No sign of Halloween yet.

is rapidly nearing completion. Read about the 19th century version of the "Big Dig".

- I find this section absolutely fascinating. The vital importance of horses for all transportation needs is clearly shown, especially during the "Horse Disease"(Epizootic) of 1872. You either rassled up an oxen or goat, or you walked - in those places not accessible by train, of course.

HOTELS - There’s not that many of them, but they know how to do it up in style, and are a vital part of the town’s culture. This is the era when enormous resort hotels are springing up, and the concept of vacations are taking hold in the middle and upper classes.

is a broad subject; I mainly went by the rule of thumb of what occurred inside a dwelling. Houses were the domain of women, and so items made specifically for women, like sewing machines, find a home here. Hints on cookery and thrift, as well as kitchen appliances also find a home here ;-). Ah yes, the world of washing, ironing, canning, and child rearing.

HUNGARIANS - Why the Hungarians, you say? Well, this is one of those personal interest type headings, since I am half Hungarian.

ICE - a big business, back in the days of pre-refrigeration. Ice was "harvested" from local lakes, and kept cool in warehouses, to be sold in blocks throughout the warm months. Also included here are frozen over rivers and ponds, ice skating, and ice used for drinks and preserving food.




















Jun 30, 2022
Franklin County (MA) News Archive
The Franklin County Publication Archive Index

To search for a particular subject term, click on the highlighted link containing that term at the bottom of the article. For example, if you are seeking more articles about animals, click on the highlighted link which says Animals/Reptiles/Amphibians.

Article Archives: Articles: Disasters

Showing 25

Posted by stew - Mon, Jan 18, 2010

Gazette & Courier - Monday, September 20, 1875
News of the week

The propeller Equinox and the schooner Onondaga foundered on Lake Michigan during the gale of Thurs. night. It is supposed that all on board both vessels, 29 men in all, were lost...


Subjects: Accident Victims, Accidents, Disasters, Rivers / Lakes / Oceans, Transportation, Weather

Posted by stew - Tue, Dec 16, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, August 2, 1875
A man named Johnson

A man named Johnson, with his family, consisting of wife and 5 children, in a wagon, drove into the Coaswatte River [actually the Coosawattee River] in Gordon County, Ga. Mon. and got into deep water, when the wagon body floated off and all the children were drowned, the man and wife escaping. The bodies of 4 of the children have been discovered.

Subjects: Accident Victims, Accidents, Children, Disasters, Family, Obituaries, Rivers / Lakes / Oceans, Transportation

Posted by stew - Sat, Dec 13, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, July 26, 1875
The dreadful storm in Hungary

500 lives lost in Buda-Pesth. Long article.

Subjects: Accident Victims, Disasters, Weather, Hungarians

Posted by stew - Fri, Dec 12, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, July 19, 1875
Hampshire County items

The Mill River and Williamsburg reservoir association hold a special meeting on Tues., when they will probably accept the plans of Engineer Phinehas Ball of Springfield for rebuilding the dam that burst a year ago last May. [Ball later became Mayor of Worcester].

Subjects: Disasters, Government, Hampshire / Hampden Counties, Massachusetts, Rivers / Lakes / Oceans, Work, Architecture / Construction, Florida (MA)

Posted by stew - Mon, Dec 8, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, July 19, 1875
News of the week

A current of terribly hot air passed over Centralia, Ill. recently, which drove workmen from the fields, and people rushed from their houses, supposing they were on fire. [ I don't know - coal mining since its incorporation as a town, a great disaster in the mines in 1947 when 111 miners died - and of course its counterpart in weirdness, Centralia, PA. Check it out at Wikipedia].

Subjects: Accidents, Astronomy, Coal, Curiosities and Wonders, Disasters, Fires, Households, Literature / Web Pages, Mines and Mineral Resources, Names, Weather, Work

Posted by stew - Mon, Dec 8, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, July 12, 1875
The New Granada earthquakes

Mail advices received from different places in Columbia [i.e. Colombia] more than confirm the horrors of the earthquakes in New Granada in May last. In Cucuta alone over 10,000 people were killed, in addition to other thousands who were seriously injured. Everything in the place is in ruins - not a house remains standing, and to add to the horrors, thieves and robbers from the surrounding country have swept down upon the stricken place and despoiled the remnants of inhabitants of what little they had saved from the general wreck...

Subjects: Accident Victims, Accidents, Criminals, Disasters, Households, Latin America, Mail, Obituaries, Robbers and Outlaws, Geography

Posted by stew - Mon, Dec 1, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, June 21, 1875
Earthquakes in Iceland

Long article.

Subjects: Accidents, Disasters, Geography

Posted by stew - Mon, Dec 1, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, June 21, 1875
The earthquakes in New Granada and elsewhere

Long article.

Subjects: Accident Victims, Disasters, Latin America

Posted by stew - Mon, Dec 1, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, June 14, 1875
Fifty thousand natives of the Fiji Islands are reported to have died of epidemic measles

Fifty thousand natives of the Fiji Islands are reported to have died of epidemic measles.

Subjects: Disasters, Diseases

Posted by stew - Mon, Dec 1, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, June 14, 1875
The steamer Vicksburg

The steamer Vicksburg, which sailed from Quebec for Liverpool May 27, with nearly 90 persons on board, was wrecked in a field of ice when 5 days out, and over 80 of those on board, including the captain, were drowned, while the fate of the rest who got off in boats is uncertain, except 5, who were picked up by a passing steamer and brought to New York, after they had been afloat for some days, and had suffered intensely from exposure. [This one is hard to verify - think they got the name of the steamer wrong].

Subjects: Accident Victims, Accidents, Disasters, English (and England), Ice, Names, Rivers / Lakes / Oceans, Transportation, Canada

Posted by stew - Mon, Dec 1, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, June 7, 1875
The coroner's jury in the Holyoke Massacre have rendered a verdict in which the faulty construction of the church is severely condemned

The coroner's jury in the Holyoke Massacre have rendered a verdict in which the faulty construction of the church is severely condemned. All the deaths occurred among the occupants of the gallery, the means of exit from which being totally and shamefully inadequate to its seating capacity.

Subjects: Accident Victims, Accidents, Courts, Disasters, Fires, Hampshire / Hampden Counties, Medical Personnel, Obituaries, Religion, Architecture / Construction

Posted by stew - Mon, Dec 1, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, May 31, 1875
News about town: Greenfield items

The following list of new books has been recently added to the Greenfield Library: Scottish Song; We and Our Neighbors [by Harriet Beecher Stowe]; Mr. Smith; The Wreck of the Chancellor [by Jules Verne]; Egypt and Iceland; A Winter in Russia; Characteristics from the Writings of J.H. Newman; Theology in the English Poets; Politics for Young Americans; English portraits; Social Life in Greece; The Starling; David Crockett; Invasion of the Crimea, 34 vols.; Strength and Beauty; Outlines of the World’s History; Mistress Judith [by Christina Catherine Liddell]; Gunnar, a Tale of Norse Life; Dictionary of Shakespearian Quotations; Annual Record of Science and Industry; Shakespeare Commentaries; The New Hyperion; Manual of Political Ethics; Ismailia, by S.W. Baker; Ancient Law; St. Nicholas.

Subjects: Disasters, Education, English (and England), Greenfield (MA), History, Law and Lawyers, Libraries and Librarians, Literature / Web Pages, Music, Poetry, Politics, Religion, Science, Transportation, War / Weaponry, Scots and Scotland, Arabs, Geography, Russia

Posted by stew - Mon, Dec 1, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, May 31, 1875
Terrible explosion in Boston

A most terrific and sadly fatal explosion occurred in Boston Wed. eve., by which a no. of persons lost their lives, and many more were seriously injured. The scene of the disaster was the 4 story brick block on the southwest corner of Washington and Lagrange Streets...and occupied principally by J.D. Dow's drug store [he also manufactured soda water]. The disaster occurred at 6:40 o'clock, just when the streets were crowded with people hastening home to supper. The first intuition of the explosion was a deep, rumbling sound similar to the report of an earthquake, and almost simultaneously the walls of the building burst outward in every direction, and falling in one confused mass presented a scene of wreck seldom before witnessed; more complete than that of any of the buildings blown down by gunpowder during the great fire.

/ ...Numbers of human beings were known to be buried in the burning ruins created the wildest scene, thousands rushing to the point from every direction. Just how many were in the building at the time of the explosion is not known, but there must have been 20 or more. The second door was occupied by S.S. Frazier, merchant tailor, who with a workman were taken out slightly injured. The next room back was occupied by Mrs. Lizzie Frazier and little daughter. The latter died soon after being taken out. Mrs. Frazier received severe injuries, but not necessarily fatal. The next room was occupied by a gentleman as a lodging room, who was out at the time of the explosion; another room was occupied by James M. Frawley, agent for the Bible publishing company. His dead body was recovered among the ruins.

/ The third floor was occupied by Dr. Richardson, corn doctor, who is not accounted for. Another room was occupied by Madame Lillie, clairvoyant, and her husband, both of whom were saved, but a brother of the husband is not yet accounted for. The fourth floor was occupied by a widow lady, who had a no. of shop girls as lodgers, none of whom were accounted for at last accounts, save the widow, Annie Crompton, who was taken out dead. In addition to the above, the following injured have been taken from the ruins: Mr. Lord of East Chester Park, in a dying condition; Mr. Daniel S. Frazier, Mrs. Lillie Hersey, Mrs. Loring Gardner and little son, and Mrs. W.A. Coffin, not seriously injured; John J. Mahoney, probably fatally injured; Morris Ackerman, in a dying condition; John Farley, skull fractured and otherwise injured; John A. Stetson, slightly injured; Jacob Valois, badly cut; Martha Lauder, who occupied an apple stand on the corner and was blown into the street, arm and leg broken; Thomas Canney, badly cut; Samuel Farwell, manager of Dow's store, head badly cut and otherwise injured; Miss Lizzie Getney, rescued with great difficulty, but found to have received but slight injuries...[estimates of damages, $100,000]. The cause of the explosion is not definitely known. Three in all were killed and 22 injured.

Subjects: Accident Victims, Accidents, Beverages, Boston (MA), Business Enterprises, Businesspeople, Children, Disasters, Diseases, Drugstores / Drugs, Family, Fires, Food, History, Hotels, Literature / Web Pages, Medical Personnel, Noise, Obituaries, Prophecies, Religion, Roads, Sales, Stores, Retail, Vendors and Purchasers

Posted by stew - Mon, Dec 1, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, May 24, 1875
Hampshire County items

A rare mine of last year's reservoir relics has lately been uncovered at Haydenville, where Superintendent Hanson of the cotton mill set a number of workmen digging over a pile of stones below the mill dam. From it they have taken an almost inconceivable variety of things - a steam engine and boiler, silver bell, silver cups, clocks, sewing machines, gold pens, harnesses, the brass shop bell, emblems of Free Masonry, brass pumps, shafting, etc. Pictures that have lain a year under the ground are quite distinct. A cut glass altar from the lodge came over the dam and was taken out whole from under tons of stone; a spy glass, too, was perfect, though filled with sand.

Subjects: Archaeology, Business Enterprises, Clubs, Curiosities and Wonders, Disasters, Freemasonry, Glass / Windows, Rivers / Lakes / Oceans, Work, Jewelry / Gold / Silver / Treasure

Posted by stew - Mon, Dec 1, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, May 24, 1875
Hampshire County items

Among those lost on the German steamship Schiller were Mr. and Mrs. Fred Roell. Mr. Roell was employed by Smith & Searle of Northampton, as painter and finisher of furniture, but about a year and a half ago he removed to New York. He leaves 4 daughters, one of whom is married and lives in South Deerfield.

Subjects: Accident Victims, Accidents, Business Enterprises, Deerfield (MA), Disasters, Emigration and Immigration, Family, Furniture, Germans, Hampshire / Hampden Counties, Lost and Found, Marriage and Elopement, Obituaries, Rivers / Lakes / Oceans, Transportation, Women, Work

Posted by stew - Mon, Dec 1, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, May 17, 1875
The steamship disaster

Very long article about the wreck of the "fine new steamship Schiller". [See the New York Times article for May 9, 1875].

Subjects: Accident Victims, Disasters, English (and England), Literature / Web Pages, Transportation

Posted by stew - Mon, Dec 1, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, May 3, 1875
Hinsdale, N.H.

Oscar Cooper, a lad of a dozen years, fell out of a boat near the mouth of the Ashuelot river recently and came near being drowned. A Mr. Elgar being in the vicinity discovered him when the disaster occurred, and though the weather was cold and there was much floating ice in the stream, he plunged into it, swam for and rescued the lad from death.

Subjects: Accidents, Children, Disasters, Ice, New Hampshire, Roads, Transportation, Weather

Posted by stew - Mon, Dec 1, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, April 26, 1875
News about home: Greenfield items

Rev. M.F. Platt writes from Hastings, Nebraska in relation to the boxes of clothing from this town: "I received the boxes you sent and have distributed the clothing to those whom I thought were really needy. Some mothers came whose children up to that time had not had a stocking or shoe to put on their feet during the winter, and this about the 1st of March. When I went into some of their sad houses with dirt floors, the stove would be setting up high on blocks, and I would see from two to three and four children crawled under the stove like so many cats or dogs to keep warm. The contents of your boxes were very acceptable and they went into 15 different families, and they wish me to convey to you their warmest thanks for your kindness in remembering them in all their needs. The great want now is seed. Shall they have it, what say you? I have done all I can, yet there is want in this particular. Who will send a few dollars?".

Subjects: Charity, Children, Disasters, Economics, Family, Farmers & Farming / Flowers, Fires, Greenfield (MA), Households, Insects, Literature / Web Pages, Poor, Religion, Weather, Clothing

Posted by stew - Mon, Dec 1, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, April 19, 1875
North Hadley

North Hadley, and indeed the whole County, is in a state of excitement over the failure of Thaddeus Smith, an extensive farmer, tobacco raiser and dealer, and a large broom manufacturer at North Hadley, and a man of reputed large wealth, with liabilities variously reported at from $100,000 to $150,000. His failure also carries down several other large farmers and business men in that village, among whom are Edward P. Hibbard and his brother, Samuel S. Hibbard, large farmers, tobacco dealers and dairymen; H.C. Russell and A.P. Russell, farmers, tobacco raisers and growers of early garden vegetables; and Francis Smith, store keeper and tobacco dealer.

/ What the liabilities of any of these parties are is not yet known but they are believed to be large. It appears that all these parties have been in the habit of indorsing for each other, and their credit has been the very best. Their creditors are numerous and include nearly everybody in North Hadley, and many outside. The First National Bank Northampton and the Hampshire County Bank at Northampton, are said to lose a large amount by the paper of these men. James Stetson of Shutesbury is a creditor for $10,000 or $12,000 but is partially secured by a mortgage of real estate.

/ Clapp & Pomeroy of Northampton and L.L. Draper are said to be heavy losers. There are a large no. of creditors in Northampton for various amounts, among whom are B.E. Cook, Smith & Searle, and C.H. Jones for $100 each. Mr. Draper's claim is said to be from $3000 to $5000. One of the small farmers who is heavily crippled by these failures is Chester Cook of North Hadley, and he will probably be obliged to appeal to the insolvent court. Prof. W.B. Russell of Hatfield is also reported as carried down in the gale. What course these insolvent parties will pursue is not yet determined upon, but Mr. Thaddeus Smith proposes to call a meeting of his creditors at an early day, and lay the whole matter of his indebtedness before them. Of course there is a very despondent feeling in North Hadley. These men, with L.N. Granger, George C. Smith and one or two others, who are not seriously involved in these failures, have been the life of the business of the village, and the disaster cripples every enterprise here (Northampton Gazette). Thaddeus Smith has applied to be declared a bankrupt.

Subjects: Animals / Reptiles, Beverages, Business Enterprises, Businesspeople, Courts, Disasters, Economics, Education, Family, Farmers & Farming / Flowers, Food, Hampshire / Hampden Counties, Literature / Web Pages, Rich People, Shutesbury (MA), Smoking and Tobacco, Stores, Retail, Vendors and Purchasers, Weather

Posted by stew - Mon, Dec 1, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, April 19, 1875
News about home: Greenfield items

The ladies of the Second Congregational society will send a box of clothing to the grasshopper sufferers in Kansas. Articles can be left with Mrs. L. Merriam. The society sent over $30 in cash last week.

Subjects: Charity, Clubs, Disasters, Economics, Food, Greenfield (MA), Insects, Mail, Religion, Women, Clothing

Posted by stew - Mon, Dec 1, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, March 22, 1875
There is a connecting flame of fire

There is a connecting flame of fire, 50 miles in length, sweeping through the pine forests in Worth, Berrien and Coffee counties, Ga.

Subjects: Disasters, Fires, Trees

Posted by stew - Mon, Dec 1, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, March 22, 1875
News of the week

A terrible tornado, lasting half an hour, passed over the town of Rienzi, Miss. Mon., killing several persons and destroying a number of buildings, including the Presbyterian and Baptist churches...

Subjects: Accident Victims, Disasters, Religion, Weather, Architecture / Construction

Posted by stew - Mon, Dec 1, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, March 22, 1875
A romance of reality

A widow of seventy years died in Portsmouth some time ago, the truth of whose life was stranger than any fiction. At the age of fifteen she married the choice of her heart, a young sea captain, and after a brief and happy honeymoon he left her for a foreign voyage. But his ship was never heard from, and doubtless foundered at sea, with all on board. The young husband, as he was dressing for sea on the morning he left home, playfully threw a pair of stockings over his head, to test some sailor's charm or other, and they chanced to land on the top of a canopy bedstead, he remarking, " Sarah, let them stay there till I come back." And many and many a long year they have lain, but alas! he never returned. But neither love, nor hopes, nor expectations ever died out in her faithful heart during all the years of her lonely pilgrimage. To the last, whenever a door opened, or a step was heard approaching, she turned to see if it might not be he whom she mourned and sought. But he never came back to her; let us hope and trust that she has gone to him. But by her desire she was buried in her wedding dress, with white gloves and wedding ring.

Subjects: Courtship, Disasters, Furniture, Marriage and Elopement, Mourning Customs, New Hampshire, Obituaries, Transportation, Women, Work

Posted by stew - Mon, Dec 1, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, March 22, 1875
News of the week

Letters from Guadalajara, Mexico, give an account of an earthquake of more than usual force on the 11th of Feb., which shook a large portion of Northern Mexico. The little town of San Cristobal was almost entirely destroyed and 70 dead bodies were taken from the ruins. The center of this disturbance appears to have been the volcano of Ceboruco. The earthquake occurred at night and the terror of the people was increased by the darkness.

Subjects: Accident Victims, Disasters, Latin America, Literature / Web Pages

Posted by stew - Mon, Dec 1, 2008

Gazette & Courier - Monday, March 22, 1875
Grasshoppers in Minnesota

Grasshoppers in Minnesota (short article about the plague).

Subjects: Disasters, Food, Insects

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